VLANs for Video Surveillance Tutorial

Author: John Scanlan, Published on Sep 26, 2016

Many people confidently say to 'use VLANs' as an answer to IP video networking problems and as a way to signal expertise.

But how should VLANs be used? What benefits do they really deliver or not?

In the note, we examine:

  • Segmentation of applications across VLANs
  • Untagged vs tagged VLANs
  • Static vs dynamic VLANs
  • VLANs for uplinks
  • Bandwidth and VLANs
  • QoS and VLANs
  • Common applications of VLANs

**** ****** *********** *** ** '*** *****' ** ** ****** to ** ***** ********** ******** *** ** * *** ** signal *********.

*** *** ****** ***** ** ****? **** ******** ** **** really ******* ** ***?

** *** ****, ** *******:

  • ************ ** ************ ****** *****
  • ******** ** ****** *****
  • ****** ** ******* *****
  • ***** *** *******
  • ********* *** *****
  • *** *** *****
  • ****** ************ ** *****

[***************]

********

***** (******* ***** **** *******)********* ******* * ****** ******** ****** ** ******** **** ******** separate ******* ********, ****** ******* ** *** **** "*********" ** and ****** ** *********** **** ******* ** ******* ****** **** are ****** ********.

*** ******* ** ******* ***** ***** ** * ******* ****** / ********* *******. ** **** ********, ************ ******* ** ********* from ******* ****** *** **** ******* *** ***** ******** *****. The **** ******* **** *** *********** **** **** ***** ** the ************ ***** *** *** ****** *** *** ***, ** they *** ** *** **** ****.

Untagged **. ****** *****

***** *** *** *********** ***** ** *****, ****** *** ********:

******** *****

** *******, *** ***** ** * ****** *** ***** ** a ******* ******** **** (********* **** ** *), ******* **** all ***** *** "***" *** ******. ****** ******** ***** ** another **** ** ** ******** ********** **** *******.

*** ******* ******** ***** ** ******* *************, ** ** ******** device ************* (*******, *******, ***.) **** ** *********, ** ******* is ****** ******* ** *** **** ** *** ******. *******, ports (********* *******) *** **** ** ******** ** * ****** untagged ****. ** ** * ******** ****** **** *** ******** VLANs, **** ** ****** **** ********/********, ************, *** ****, ***** must ****** *** ******* (*****) ** ***** *** *** **** segments ********, **** ** ***** *** **********.

****** *****

***** *** **** ** ****** **** ******** **** *** ***** 802.1Q *******. ******* ******** *** ******* *** **** ** ****** with * ******** ** ***** ** ********* ** *** ********* device.

*** ******* ** ****** ***** ** **** ***** *** ** assigned ** **** **** *** ****, ****** ********. *******, *** devices ********* ** ***** ***** **** **** ******* ***.**, ***** is *** ********* ** **** ** ******* ** ***** ******** devices, *** ******** ********** ******* ********** ** ** *********/********** ** PCs. ******* ** ****, ****** ***** *** ********* **** **** for ******.

Static *****

**** ***** ************ ******** *** ****** ***** ********** *** ****. For *******, ***** *-** ** * ****** *** ** **** of *** ******* ***, ***** **-** *** **** ** *** camera ****.

**** ***** ****** ***** *** **** ******, *** ******** ** set **, *** **** ** ******** ************ ** ******* *** moved ** *****, ****** ******* *****. ** *** ***** ***** we ******* * ******** ** *********** **** ***** *****:

Dynamic *****

******* ***** ****** * **** ***** ** *** *** *******, credentials, ** **** ** ******. **** ******** ******* ***********, ***** devices *** ** ******* **** *** ****, *** ********** ** needed.

*******, ******* ***** ** ******* ***** **** ****-*********, ** *** database ** ****** **** *** ****** *********** ** ***** **** be *******, ****** **** **** ******** ****, ********** ** ************ as *******, *******, *** ***** ********* ********* ******* ********* ** the **** ****, *** *** *** *****.

*** ***** **** *******

***** *** * *** ********** ** ******* *****. ***** ** provide ** ***** **** * ******* ****** **** ***** *** based **** *************. *** ****** **** ******** *** *** ******* of *** ****** ********** ** ** *** **** *** ** to *** *********** **** ***** ** *** ********** ******.

***** ******* **** *******

******* ***** *** **** *** *** *** ***** *****, ******* of ***** ** ****** ** ************:

  • ******/"***** *****": **** ****** **** ********* **** ** ***/**** ** automatically ***** *** ****** **** ********* *** ****** ** ** a ****. **** ** ******** **** ** ***** **** ** and ******* ******* ********, *** *** **** ******** ** ** cameras ** *** ******* *** ******** *********, ****** ** *********** useless ** ************.
  • ****** *********/****: *******, ******* ***** ******* ****** *********/**** *** ** assigned ** * ******** ***** ** ************ **** *** ****** controller. *** ******* ******* ***** *********, *** ** *** ** useful ** ********* ******** ***** (******, ******** ********, ******, ***.) rights ** **** ************ *******, ********** ** ***** ******* **** log ** ****.

VLANs *** *******

***** *** *** **** ** ****** ***** ** ****** ****** ports.

  • ********* **** *** ****:** ******** **** ******** ****** ***** *** *** *****, ******** uplink ***** *** ** ******** ** * ****** ****. **** is *** ******** ****** ** ***, ****** *** ****** ** VLANs **** ** ***** **** *** ****** ** ****** *****.
  • ****** ***** ****:******, ******* *** ** **** **** * ****** ****** **** or *****, ******** ** ** * ***** ****. ******* ******* trunk ***** ** ****** ** ******** ***** ***** ***.** (*** above). **** ****** ** ******** **** *******, *** ********* ********* as ** ****** *** **** *********** *** ******** ***/** ****** uplink **********.

VLAN ********

********* ******** ** ****** ******** ** *** **** ******* ** using *****. ** ********** ******* **** ******** ******* ****, ************ may ******** ******* ** *** **** ****** ** ******* **** or ***** *******. *** ********* ********, *** ******** *** ********* to **** ***** ** ******* ** *** ****** *** *** not ***** *** ************ ****.

********* *****

** ************, ***** *** *** **** ** **** *********, * popular ****. ** ** *********** **** **** ***** ****** *** amount ** ******* ** *** ***, ***** ********** *** *** sent ** *** ****** ******** *******, *** **** ** *** originating ****. *******, **** ********* **** ******* *********** ** **** large ********, **** ******** ** *******. ** * **-****** ***, they **** **** ****** ** ** ******. ** **** ************ cameras ******** **** ** *******, ***** ******* ** ***** ******** will ** ********.

VLANs *** ***

*** ** *** ******* ***** *** ***** **** ** *********** or ********** ********* ** ******* **** *** ***** **** ** conjunction **** ******* ** *******. *** *** ** *** ** VLAN ** **** ******* ********. * ************ ****, *** *******, may ******* ****** ******** ** * ***** **** ******* **** or ***** *****.

Equipment ************

************ ***** ******** ******* ******** ** ****, ** ********* ******** offer ** ************* **********. *** **** ******** ** ******* ******** (both *****-******* *** ***** ********) ********* ***** *** ****-*******. ***** may *** ********* *************** *** ************ ********** **** ***********.

VLAN ********* *** ************

*** ***** *** ******* ******, ********* ** *** ***********:

  • ***** *******:** *** ****** ***** *******, **** ** ***** ******, ***** are ********* *** **** ** ***-**** ********* ******** ******* **** support *** **** ***** ********. ****, ******* ** ******** ********* on *** **** ******** ** ******* ****** *****, ** ******** VLANs ***** ******* ******* ** *** **, ****** ****.
  • ********* *******:**** ******* * *** **** ***** ********, ***** *** **** of ******* *** ***** ** ***-***** *******, ***** *** ******** implemented. ** ** *** ******** *** ***** ********** ** *** one **** *** ****, *** *** **** *******, *** *** for ********, ** ****** ******* ***** ********. ******* ******* *** general ****** **** *** ******** **** ** ******** ********, ** give ****** ******* ****** ** *****.
  • ********* ******* ******* *****:**** ***** * *********, ******** ****** *******, ***** *** ***** not ****** ** *******. ** ****** **** *** ******* *** is ******, *** *** ******** ******** ******** *** ********* *** router.
  • ********* ******* **** *****:** ***** *******, ******** ***** *** ** ****, **** **** using * ********* ******** *******. ******* *** ******* *** ****** on ******** *****, ** ******* *** ********* ********* ** ***** on ********** ******** ******** ****** *** *******' *** **********. **** access ******* ** ******** ** *** *******, ** ****, **** manufacturers ********* ***** * ******** ****, ** ****** ******* *** create ********* ******* ***** *** ****** ****** ** *** ************ system.

***********

***** *** ***** ** ***** ** ************* ******** ** ****, they ** **** **** ********** ** ****** ****, ********** ************ access ** *****. *******, ***** *** *** * ******* ** network ********, *** ****** ** ******** **** **** *********. ******** a ***** ********* ******* ******* **** ************* *** ************, *** simply *****.

**** **** *********

**** ***** ******** *******

Comments (9)

***** ****!

** ***** ** *********** ** *** ***** ***** *****'* ****** Connect ********** ********** **** *** **** ***** ******* ************** ***** have * ***** ****** ** ******* *******. (*.*. ** ******* company ** **** ** ***** ******** *******)

******, ****. *** ******** *****:

*** ** *** ******* ***** *** ***** **** ** *********** or ********** ********* ** ******* **** *** ***** **** ** conjunction **** ******* ** *******. *** *** ** *** ** VLAN ** **** ******* ********. * ************ ****, *** *******, may ******* ****** ******** ** * ***** **** ******* **** or ***** *****.

** *** ************ **** ******** ** * ****** ***** ** ports ** * ***-******** ******, *** ***** ****** * ****** priority ******* *** *********** **** *** ***** ****, **** **** its *** ******** ***-******** *****?

***** ******** *** **** *** **** ****** ******** *** *** implementing ***.

**********, (#*). ** *** ** ***** *** **** **** ****** keep ** **** (*** ********* ** *** ****** *******) **** we **** **** ***** ******* ********* ** *** ******, ******* that ******** ******* **** **** ********* /********* **** ** *******. There *** **** ** ****** ** ************ ******** ********* ** distribution ** **** ********, *** *** ******* ********** **** ** exacerbated ** *** ********* ******* **** *** ******* ********* ** those ****** ********. ** **** ***** *** ******* **** ********** data ***** / ********** / *** & ** **** ** decide *** ******* ** *******.

*** ***** **** **** *** *** **********?

*'** ********* *** ********* *** ********** ********* *** ******* ** the ******* ********* *** **** *** **** ***** ** ******** their *** *********. *** ** **** *** ******** ***** **** the *** ********* ****** ** ** ********* **.

****** ****

**** ***** **** *******? ***** **** *** ** * ******** concern *** ***** ****** *********?

***, *** ***** * *** *** ********* *** ********* *** these ********* * *** **** ***** **** **** ********* ******** best ********* ** **** ******** ****** ******* & ****** ********.

***** ******* *** ****** **** **** **** *** ****** ******* for *** ********. *** **** *** ******** *********** ******* ********, the ******.

Login to read this IPVM report.
Why do I need to log in?
IPVM conducts unique testing and research funded by member's payments enabling us to offer the most independent, accurate and in-depth information.

Related Reports

Last Day Save $50 IP Networking Course January 2017 on Dec 08, 2016
Today is the last day to save $50 on next month's IP networking course. This is the only networking course designed specifically for video...
Power Drill Selection Guide on Dec 06, 2016
Boring holes is a basic part of running cables for most security system projects. To do so, you will need to choose the right drills for various...
CODEC Guide 2016 on Nov 30, 2016
CODECs are core to surveillance, with names like H.264, H.265, and MJPEG commonly cited. How do they work? Why should you use them? What issues may...
Solutions to 5 Common Access Control Problems on Nov 21, 2016
Effective security is more than just good equipment. In fact, thousands of dollars in electronic access control can be wasted if they are not used...
Longse vs Dahua and Hikvision Tested on Nov 16, 2016
For many, even $100 cameras are too expensive. That is where spam king Longse comes in with their relentless offer of ~$20 cameras. In our past...
Major Manufacturers Dropping MJPEG on Nov 04, 2016
MJPEG has hung on for years, still in use in some systems despite H.264's dominance for the better part of the past decade. However, now some...
Sony 35mm Super Low Light Camera Tested on Oct 31, 2016
Sony is making a big push for their SNCVB770 camera, touting its low light capabilities that they claim can deliver true color in pitch black...
60% Lower Bandwidth, 'Video Anywhere' - Digital Barriers TVI / EdgeVis on Oct 28, 2016
Streaming video over low bandwidth, wireless connections often results in stalled video, broken up video or significant video delays. But Digital...
Mobile VMS Top Integrator Problems on Oct 24, 2016
In an IPVM survey, integrators report 4 problems most consistently with using mobile VMS applications: Network setup / cybersecurity...
Sony and Samsung Breaking VBR on Oct 21, 2016
For years, users have known variable bitrate (VBR) as one thing only: bandwidth varies, compression stays the same. This is not an accident but an...

Most Recent Industry Reports

Hikvision vs Dahua Mobile Apps Tested on Dec 07, 2016
With smartphone use and low-cost video recorders surging, many user's main interface to their surveillance system is their phone. With mobile video...
Paxton Drops US Reps, Plans Major Expansion on Dec 07, 2016
Paxton is gearing up to make a big run at  US access control success. The first step they have made is to cut all US Rep Firms, in anticipation of...
Axis Partner Elder Care Video Analytics (Smartervision) on Dec 07, 2016
Can video analytics be used to improve the care of the elderly? Axis and a video analytics startup, Smartervision, are working together to do so....
Power Drill Selection Guide on Dec 06, 2016
Boring holes is a basic part of running cables for most security system projects. To do so, you will need to choose the right drills for various...
Milestone Favorability Results on Dec 06, 2016
In our second installment of manufacturer favorability results (first was Pelco), we turn to Milestone. 100+ integrators rated and explained what...
XiongMai Master Password List Emailed By Chinese Spammer on Dec 05, 2016
XiongMai created an international uproar as their devices drove massive botnet attacks of major Internet sites. After pledging to recall cameras...
Hikvision Cloud Security Vulnerability Uncovered on Dec 05, 2016
A security researcher uncovered a critical vulnerability in Hikvision's global cloud servers. This vulnerability allowed an attacker to remotely...
Door Operators Access Control Tutorial on Dec 05, 2016
Doors equipped with door operators, specialty devices that automate opening and closing, tend to be quite complex. The mechanisms needed to...
Pelco Favorability Results on Dec 02, 2016
This is the first in a series of studies of manufacturer favorability. 100+ integrators rated and explained their views of each manufacturer. We...

The world's leading video surveillance information source, IPVM provides the best reporting, testing and training for 10,000+ members globally. Dedicated to independent and objective information, we uniquely refuse any and all advertisements, sponsorship and consulting from manufacturers.

About | FAQ | Contact