Cybersecurity Startup VDOO Disclosing 10 Manufacturer Vulnerabilities Starting With Axis And Foscam

By: IPVM Team, Published on Jun 20, 2018

Cybersecurity startup VDOO has uncovered significant vulnerabilities in Axis cameras along with many others not yet disclosed.

In this report, we examine the company and its funding, their vulnerability research, and the value/impact of the vulnerabilities.

************* ******* ******* ******************** *************** ** **** cameras***** **** **** ****** not *** *********.

** **** ******, ** examine *** ******* *** its *******, ***** ************* research, *** *** *****/****** of *** ***************.

[***************]

Company ********

**** *** *********** ** Israel ** **** ***** *****,**** ******, ******* *****, *** *** **** strong *********** ** ******* security. ***** *** ***** co-founded ******, ** ******** security ****, ***** *********** ** **** **** Networks ** ****. ******* ***** ********* came **** ****** *** EMC, ** ****.

* ******* **** ** VDOO's ******* ** ****** clearly ** ***** *******:

**** **** ** ****** the ******** ********* (**) for ********* *******.

***********, **** ** ******** IP ****** *** ***** IoT ****** ************* (*** others) * ************ ******* (~$50,000 ** ******* * manufacturer's ********) ***** ********* vulnerability ****** ** *** devices *** ********.

**** **** **** ** provide (****) * *********** that ******** *** ******* has **** ******* ** their ****** ** * non-vulnerable ******. **** **** to ********* * ******** process *** "****-********** **********", presumably ** ******* *************** they ******** ***** ********** a ******* ** ***-**********.

*******

**** ******** *********$** ******* ** ****************,**** ************ *******, *** ***** ********* investors.

**** ***** **** **** plan ** *** **** funding:

** ******* *** ************* VDOO’s *****-**-***-**** ******** ** Things (***) ******** ********, which ******** ** *********, end-to-end ******* **** ******** devices, ******** *** ***** security ************ *** ************** guidance ***** ** **** analysis, *** ******** ******** certification *** * **** range ** ********* *******.

Axis ************* *******

**** ********* ***** *************** to *** ****' ******** team (******: ** ** 6/27/2018, ******* **** **** added ** *** **********):

***-****-*****,***-****-*****,***-****-*****,***-****-*****,***-****-*****,***-****-*****,***-****-*****

***** *** ** * high **** ***** **** can ****** ** **** administrative ****** ** *** camera. *** ******* ******** to ******* ** ****** is *******, ********* ******** steps *** ******** *********, unlike ******* ****** *************** such *******'* ********* ************* ************ ************* *** ****** **** only ****** *******.

*******, **** **** *********** now ******, ** ** only * ****** ** time *** ********** *** bad ****** **** **** advanced ****** ** ****** scripts ***** ******** ***** attacks, ****** ***** *************** high ******** *** ***** to *****.

Impact ** *************

*** *************** ******* * specific *********** ** ***** to **** *** **** advantage ** ****** ** view ** ****** *** camera ******, ***** *** camera's ******** (****** *********, lens ***********, ***** *******) or *** *** ****** as * ******** ** other ******* ** ****** the *******.

**** ****** ************* ******, which ****** **** ** gain ************ ****** ** the ******* ******** ***.

**** ***** ***** ************ by ******** ** **** logo ***** ******* ** a ********** ******:

***** ******* ***** ********, the ******* (** ******* - * ***** **** logo) ******* ** *** top **** ****** ** the ***** ******:

Foscam *************

** ******** ** *** Axis ***************, ******* ** June, **** **** ********** "***** ***************" ** Foscam *********** **** ********* ** Foscam's ******** ****. ********* these ***** ***************, ********* may ***** *** ******* the ******'* *** ******, inject ********, *** **** over *** ******.

Botnet ****

**** ****** ** ***** reports **** **** *** Axis *** ****** *************** may *********** ** **** to *** ******* ** a ****** *** **** for ****** **** *******, bitcoin ******, ** ***** purposes. ** ******** ** the ***** ******, ***** devices *** ***** ****** disruption ** *** **** specific ******* ********* ************* *******.

VDOO *************** ** *************

** **** ***********, **** is ************ ******** *********** considerations:

  • ****** ******* ********** **** parts: ** *** *** all ********* ** "****"
  • ****** ***** ************: ****** external ******** *** ******** input *******
  • ****** ******** *****: **** of ****** *********** ****** hackers ** ******* ******** for **** ** *******

Axis ********

**** ********** ******** ** Axis ********** **** ** ******** products *** ******* ********** ****** *** *************** in *****, ***** ******** 390 ********* **** ****** models.

More *********** ****** / ******** ******

**** *** **** *** months, **** **** ** disclosing **** *************** **** more *************, **** *** responsible ********** ******* ***.

**** ***** **** * positive ****** ** *** cybersecurity ** *** ***** surveillance ********, ***** *** been * ****** ********* focus *** **** *************. Cybersecurity ******** **** *** yet ****** *********** ******** financial ****** ** **** of *** ************* **** have ******** **** ******** vulnerabilities. ****, ***** *** pricing **** **** *** asking *** ************, *** type ** ******* **** are ******** *** *** they *** *********** *** market, **** *** **** a ********* **** ******* partners.

Addendum: **** ******** ** *********

***** ** ******** *** discussion ********* ** *** initial ******, ** ******* VDOO * **** ** questions *** **** *********. There *** * *** remaining ****** ** ******* that ** *** ***** in ********** **** **** for *************, *** ** will **** ***** ********* as **** ** ** receive ****.

****: ** ***** **** about *** ********** **** manufacturers *** **** **** not *** *********, ** have ***** **** *** details *****.

  • *: **** ** *** process / ****** **** your ******** ******* *** a ************ ** ******* a *******? **** * manufacturer **** ***** ******* to ***?
  • *: "**** **************-**************** ** ******** ** the ******'* ******** ****, thus ** **** *** require *** ****** ** the ******** ****** ** to *** ****** ****. It **** ******** ** automated ******** ** ***** the ************ ** ******** implement ********-********* ******** ****** and ***** ******** ** design"
  • *: *** *** ********** the ***** ****** ** hardware *** ********/******** ** just ********?
  • *:*** ******** ******* ******* device-specific ******** ************, ******** to *** ******** ***** of *** ******, ***** its ******** *** ******** components *** *** ******** risk *******.
  • *:*** *** ******* *************** in ** ****** ******** that **** **** ****** eliminated ** ***** **********, or *** **** ****** across **** *** *********?
  • *:** *******, ****** *** research **’** **** **** practices **** *** ******’* expect ** *** ** 2018. **’** **** **** in ********* ******* ** well ** ** **** “sensitive” *** ******** & systems ** *** ****** of ****** *** ********.
  • *: ** **** ******* intent *** ***** *********** simply ** **** *********?
  • *: *** ******** ** to ** *** ** our *** *** ** commercialize ***** ******** ** a ******* “***********” ********* effort. ** *** * great **** ** ******** on (*) ****** ******** (free ** ******) - to *** *** ****** properly, ** **** ** (2) **** ******** - to **** **** **** mitigate *** ********* ******, even ** ** ****** is *** **********; *** (3) ******* *********** ** the ******** ****** ** well ** “******* *******” to ***** ******* ** better ********* ******** *** fix ******** ************ *** design *****.
  • *: *** ***** ***** specific ********** *** *** targeting ********/******* *************** ***** now?
  • *:** **** ******** ********* Project *******, * ******* which ******** *** *************** of ********* ******* **** the ****** *** ******** fields *** ************ **** the ************ ******* ********. VDOO ***** ***** **** of ******** ***** **** have ****** ****** ** business ********** *****, ****** be ********** “********” ** the ******** *** ******* the ***** ***** ** security.
  • *: *** **** *** typical ****** ************ ******** team ******* **** *** contact ****? **** *** been *******/*********?
  • *:** **** ********* ** discover **** *** *** leading ************* ** **** been ******* **** **** reached *** *********** **** they *** ** ****** ignore *****-******** *** ** not **** *** ********* to ** “*******” ** “skeptical”. **** ********* **** they *** ***** ***** more *** **** ** their ********* ********* ***** products’ ********.
  • *:** ***** ************ ****** companies ** **** ** for **** ******* **** VDOO *** **** **** they *** **** **** and ******? *'* *** for ******* ************* *** cameras, *** **** ***** a ****** **** *********, unless **** *** ****** are ***** *******
  • *:***** ** * ***** distinction ******* *** ************* disclosure *******, ***** ** will ******** ** **** with ***** ************ ***** on *** ******** **** practice ********** **. * significantly ****** ** ***** business ********** ***** ************* discovery ** **** * fraction ** **** **** is ********* *** *** set ** ******* & services, *** **** * goal ** ************* *** entire ******** ******* ** the ************* ********. ********, when * ************ ************* uses *** ********* ******** SaaS ********, ** * web ******* ******* ****** by *** ************ ******* our **********, *** *********** automatically ********* ** *** analysis ****** *** *** process **** *** ** shared **** **, ***** we **** *** ** able ** ****** ** and ******* **. ** the ************ ******* ** certify *** *******, ** will ******* **** *********** and **** *********, *** certification ******* **** ** shared ********. ** *** two ***** **** **** published, ** ******** **** than ***** **** (**. industry **** *********) *** the ************* ** *** their ***************, ** **** as ********, ************ **** their ********** ****** ******* the *************** *** ******** they ******* ***** ********'* risks.

Comments (33)

** ********* *** ***** ********* ***** ***** ******** **** ***** issue ***** **** * ****** ****** ** ***** ****** **** review ***. **** ****** *** ** **** **** ********** *** commitment **** ** ****** **** ** **** ********.

****** **** * ***** ****. * ****** **** *** ****** to ** *** ** ** *** ************* *****. ** ** $50,000 *** ******* ** $**,*** *** *** ********? ** $**,*** for **** *******, **** ** ****** *****. $**,*** ********** ** have *** ******** ****** **** ***.

**** ** ** ******** **** ****, **** *** ******** **** an******************* ** **** ******, ********* ** *** **** ********* ********* of ****/******** *** ********. * ***** ******* ************* **** ****** and ******* ******* ***** (*****, ****** *******, *********, ***) ***** have ** *** ****.

*****: ********** ** *********, *** ***** ********** *** *starting ***** for pricing to manufacturers.

***, **** ** * **** ***** *** * ************. * hope **** **** ******** ** * ***** **** ** * great ****. ** **** ** ******** ****** **** **** **** manufacturers *** **** ** ** *** ***** ******** ********* **** an ******** ******* ******.

*** ** ** ***** ** *************, *****? *****...?

* **** **** *******.

**’* **** *** ***** ******** ** ** *** ******** *** security *******. * **** *** ************ *** **** ** * resource. **** **.

********* ****** ****** (***** ****) ** ****** ** **** *** quite ******* *** ********** * **** ***, **** *** ****!

***** **** *** ******** **** ***** *** ************, ***'* *** hope ************ *** **** ***.

********* ****** ****** (***** ****) ** ******...

**,*** *** ******* *******?

**** ***** *** ******** ** ***** ** *** **** ************* Scanner?

***: ***, ** ****** **** *** *** *************** ***** ** next ****.

*** *** **** ******* ******* **** ***** ** *****, *** cannot ******* ******* **** ***** ** *** *****.

*** *** **** ******* ******* **** ***** ** *****, *** cannot ******* ******* **** ***** ** *** *****.

********* **’** ****** ***********?

**** ****** ****/***** **** *** ****** ******* ** ****** ***** version ** *** ******* ****.

*******, *** **** ** ****** **** ******** ********* ****** ** inspirational ***** ** ******* *** **** ** *****.

*** ***** **** **** ****** **** **** *** ***** ** the ******** ******.

********* ********-** ***** ** **** *** ***** *** ****** *** honoured *** ******* ** ***** *** ********** ***** ** ***********.

******** *** ******* **** ** **** *** ****** *** *** maximum ****** ** *** ** *** ********'* **** ********, ** lies **** *** *******/****.

********* ********** ** ****. ****** *** ****** ***********, ****.

** ** ********** ** *** *** **** **** ******** ***** take ** **** ***** ** ******** ******** ** *** *************** born **** ***** ***********.

********* ********** *** ******** *********, ******** ********** *** ************ ** take * **** **** ** ***** *****-*** *********.

*** ***** ** ****.

*** **** ** ************** *******.

** *** ****** **** *** ****.

**** *******, ** ***** ************ ****** ********* ** **** ** for **** ******* **** **** *** **** **** **** *** with **** *** ******? *'* *** *** ******* ************* *** cameras, *** **** ***** * ****** **** *********, ****** **** and ****** *** ***** *******.

**** ****** ***** **** ** ***, ** *** **** ** pay >$**,*** ** **** **** ********** ********, **** **** *** usually *** ****?

** ***** ** **** **** *** ***** **** *** *********.

****** *** *** ********, * ******* *** ** **** *** a ********.

** *******, * ****** ******* **** ***** ******* * ******* as ***-**********, *** **** ********** ********, ******* *** ******* ** the ************, ********* **** ******?

***** ******* * ******* ** ***-**********, *** **** ********** ********, without *** ******* ** *** ************, ********* **** ******?

*** ******* ** *** ********. ***'* *** * *** *********. I **** ** **** *** *** "*** **** ** **." I *** ** *****. * ***** ***** **** ***** **** and **** ** ***** ** ******** ***************. *** ******** **** is: ** * ****** ** ****, **** **** ******** ***** vulnerabilities?

* ***, *** *** **** ******* ** *** ***-********* *****. I ******* ***** ***** ** ******** ** *** ************ *** trying ** **** * *** ******* ** * ******** ***** to ******* *** ************* ****.

****, *** ****** ******** ********** ****** ******** ***** ************* ******.

**** ** ***** * *** ****** ****, ** **** **** not **** * *********** **** **** *** ********* ****. *** example ******** ****, ** **** **** **** *** **** *************, will **** *** **** ********* ** **** *** *** **** ISN'T ***** ******. ** **'* *** ******, ***** ** ** a ****** ********* ***** **. **** ** $**,*** ** ** will ***** ** ******* ***** **** *************.

** **** *** *** ********* **** *** **** $***, **** thats ****** ****** *** * **** ******* **** ********* ***** business **** ****. **** ****** ***** *** ****** ** ** the *************.

* ***** ****** **** *** ****** ********* ********** ***** *** to ****** ********* *** ********* ******** ***** ** *****.

* ***** ********** ** **** ***** *** ******* ** *** manufacturer *** *** ******* ** *** ************* ** * ********** amount ** ****, *** ****** ****** ********. *** **** **** I ***** **** ***** **** ** ****** *** ************ ** that **** ******* *** *** ***** ** ****** ******** ******* that **** *** *** ****.

**** ***** *****, ****** *** ********** **** *****.

* ***** ********* ** * ****** *** ** *** **, unless **** **** *********** ********** *************** *** ***-******** ** **** point.

** * ************ ***** ***** ***** ***** ********, *** $*** is ***** **** *****. ** ***** * ********** ** ***** security. ****, ****/** * ************* ** *****, * ***** ****** VDOO ***** **** **** * ***** ** *** **** ** patch ****** **** **********. ** **** **** *** ******** *** issue *** **********, *** *** ************ ***** ***** ********** ** cyber.

************* ***** ***** $ ** *********** *******...

* ***** ***** **** ***** **** **** ******** ********* ** manufacturers **** ** ********* ** ******** ***** * ************* ****** of **** ** ******** **** *** ******* ******** *** *** disclose *** ***** ****** *** ***-******* ******, ******** **** **** before *******.

************* ******* ** ********* ****** ** ***** * ***** **** to **** ********.

**** ** **** *** ********** **** ******* (***** *** ****** have ****** *** ** *** ***'* **** **** ***** *****.)

****** ******, * **** ** ****** *** **** ** **** that, *** **** ** ******** *** ** *** **** ***** details **** ******** ** *** ***(*).

**** ******** **** ********** ** *** ****** **** **** *** CVE ********* ******* **** **** *****, ** **** ****** ***** to ****** ****.

* ***** **** *****/***** **** * ***** "******" *** ******** devices....

** ******** ******* *** **** ***** ** *** ******.

***** ** ******** *** ********** ********* ** *** ******* ******, we ******* **** * **** ** ********* *** **** *********. There *** * *** ********* ****** ** ******* **** ** are ***** ** ********** **** **** *** *************, *** ** will **** ***** ********* ** **** ** ** ******* ****.

  • *: **** ** *** ******* / ****** **** **** ******** follows *** * ************ ** ******* * *******? **** * manufacturer **** ***** ******* ** ***?
  • *: "**** **************-**************** ** ******** ** *** ******'* ******** ****, **** ** does *** ******* *** ****** ** *** ******** ****** ** to *** ****** ****. ** **** ******** ** ********* ******** to ***** *** ************ ** ******** ********* ********-********* ******** ****** and ***** ******** ** ******"
  • *: *** *** ********** *** ***** ****** ** ******** *** firmware/software ** **** ********?
  • *:*** ******** ******* ******* ******-******** ******** ************, ******** ** *** specific ***** ** *** ******, ***** *** ******** *** ******** components *** *** ******** **** *******.
  • *:*** *** ******* *************** ** ** ****** ******** **** **** been ****** ********** ** ***** **********, ** *** **** ****** across **** *** *********?
  • *:** *******, ****** *** ******** **’** **** **** ********* **** one ******’* ****** ** *** ** ****. **’** **** **** in ********* ******* ** **** ** ** **** “*********” *** products & ******* ** *** ****** ** ****** *** ********.
  • *: ** **** ******* ****** *** ***** *********** ****** ** grab *********?
  • *: *** ******** ** ** ** *** ** *** *** not ** ************* ***** ******** ** * ******* “***********” ********* effort. ** *** * ***** **** ** ******** ** (*) vendor ******** (**** ** ******) - ** *** *** ****** properly, ** **** ** (*) **** ******** - ** **** sure **** ******** *** ********* ******, **** ** ** ****** is *** **********; *** (*) ******* *********** ** *** ******** vendor ** **** ** “******* *******” ** ***** ******* ** better ********* ******** *** *** ******** ************ *** ****** *****.
  • *: *** ***** ***** ******** ********** *** *** ********* ********/******* vulnerabilities ***** ***?
  • *:** **** ******** ********* ******* *******, * ******* ***** ******** the *************** ** ********* ******* **** *** ****** *** ******** fields *** ************ **** *** ************ ******* ********. **** ***** these **** ** ******** ***** **** **** ****** ****** ** business ********** *****, ****** ** ********** “********” ** *** ******** and ******* *** ***** ***** ** ********.
  • *: *** **** *** ******* ****** ************ ******** **** ******* when *** ******* ****? **** *** **** *******/*********?
  • *:** **** ********* ** ******** **** *** *** ******* ************* we **** **** ******* **** **** ******* *** *********** **** they *** ** ****** ****** *****-******** *** ** *** **** the ********* ** ** “*******” ** “*********”. **** ********* **** they *** ***** ***** **** *** **** ** ***** ********* regarding ***** ********’ ********.
  • *:** ***** ************ ****** ********* ** **** ** *** **** service **** **** *** **** **** **** *** **** **** and ******? *'* *** *** ******* ************* *** *******, *** this ***** * ****** **** *********, ****** **** *** ****** are ***** *******
  • *:***** ** * ***** *********** ******* *** ************* ********** *******, where ** **** ******** ** **** **** ***** ************ ***** on *** ******** **** ******** ********** **. * ************* ****** in ***** ******** ********** ***** ************* ********* ** **** * fraction ** **** **** ** ********* *** *** *** ** product & ********, *** **** * **** ** ************* *** entire ******** ******* ** *** ************* ********. ********, **** * manufacturer ************* **** *** ********* ******** **** ********, ** * web ******* ******* ****** ** *** ************ ******* *** **********, the *********** ************* ********* ** *** ******** ****** *** *** process **** *** ** ****** **** **, ***** ** **** not ** **** ** ****** ** *** ******* **. ** the ************ ******* ** ******* *** *******, ** **** ******* this *********** *** **** *********, *** ************* ******* **** ** shared ********. ** *** *** ***** **** **** *********, ** provided **** **** ***** **** (**. ******** **** *********) *** the ************* ** *** ***** ***************, ** **** ** ********, verification **** ***** ********** ****** ******* *** *************** *** ******** they ******* ***** ********'* *****.
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