Dynamic vs. Static IP Addresses Tutorial

By: IPVM Team, Published on Mar 01, 2018

While many cameras default to DHCP out of the box, that does not mean you should use it. This may seem basic for some, but those new to the industry may not know there are other options. In this note, we review:

  • Dynamic addressing
  • Static addressing
  • Advantages
  • Disadvantages
  • Potential issues of each
  • Public vs. private IP address impact
  • IPVM recommendations

Key Recommendations

In summary, there are three key points to remember about addressing schemes:

  • Do not use DHCP on surveillance equipment: There are few exceptions to this rule, but DHCP should generally only be used when staging cameras, not in the final installation.
  • Do use static addresses: The potential headaches of dynamic addresses far outweigh the slight increase in configuration time required.
  • DHCP address reservation: Provides the benefits of static addresses, but adds more configuration complexity. It should be used when IT policy dictates, and systems may not deviate. Reservations are also useful for the edge case devices that only support DHCP.

We review each of these items below, in more detail.

***** **** ******* ******* to **** *** ** the ***, **** **** not **** *** ****** use **. **** *** seem ***** *** ****, but ***** *** ** the ******** *** *** know ***** *** ***** options. ** **** ****, we ******:

  • ******* **********
  • ****** **********
  • **********
  • *************
  • ********* ****** ** ****
  • ****** **. ******* ** address ******
  • **** ***************

Key ***************

** *******, ***** *** three *** ****** ** remember ***** ********** *******:

  • ** *** *** **** on ************ *********:***** *** *** ********** to **** ****, *** DHCP ****** ********* **** be **** **** ******* cameras, *** ** *** final ************.
  • ** *** ****** *********:*** ********* ********* ** dynamic ********* *** ******** the ****** ******** ** configuration **** ********.
  • **** ******* ***********:******** *** ******** ** static *********, *** **** more ************* **********. ** should ** **** **** IT ****** ********, *** systems *** *** *******. Reservations *** **** ****** for *** **** **** devices **** **** ******* DHCP.

** ****** **** ** these ***** *****, ** more ******.

[***************]

Static *********

********* * ****** ** address ** **** ****** is *** **** ****** way ** ******** ** camera **********. ** **** method, * ****** ******* is ******** ******** ** each ******, ********* ** DHCP ** ***** ********. Since ***** ** ** chance ** ** ********* changing, ** **** **** leases, *** ********* *** connection ****** ** *******, which ******* *************** **** if ****** *****.

*** **** ******** ** the ********* ***** ********** with ********* ********* ** individual *******. ****** ********* are ******** ******** ** individually ********** ** **** camera, ****** ******** ******* the *** *********, ** via ************-******** ********. **** may *** * *** minutes ** ************ **** per ******, ***** *** add ** ** ***** systems.

IP Camera Set Static IP Address

**** ************ ***** ***** for ***** ********** ** cameras, ** * ******** group ** ******* *** be ******** ** ********* from * ***-******* *****. Tools **** **** ******** the ***** **** ********, such ** *** ******* below, ******* * ******* addressed ** * *****.

Set Multiple Static Addresses Using Manufacturer Tool

****** ********* *** ********* recommended ** *** *******. The ********** **** ******** to ***** ********* ** minimal ** ***** *******. In ***** *******, *** extra **** ****** *** be ***********, *** ** more **** ***** ** caused ** *************** ***** a ****** ********** ******* address ******. * *********** increase ** ***** ****** installation ** ********* ** unpredictable *************** ****.

Dynamic *********

*** **** ****** **** of ******* ** ******* assignment ** **** (******* Host ************* ********), ** a ****** ***** ******* addresses ** * ********* range (****** * "*****") to ******* ** **** are *********, ********* ** the ***** *** ******* boot. **** ******* *** often ***** **** **** low-cost ******* *** *** also ** *** ** a ******* ** ***** service. **** *******, ********* computers, *******, *******, ****** devices, *** ****,******* ** ******** *** *******.

*** **** ******* ** using **** ** * reduction ** ***** *****. There ** ******* ***** for ******** * **** scope ** * **** server/router, ***** *****. ***** simply ****** *** ***** and *** ******* ** the ***** *** *** long * **** ***** lasts (*** **** ****** the ******* ** *******).

DHCP Scope Configuration Router

******** *** **** ***** will **** **** ** be **** **** ****** the *******'* ******* *****. Setting *** **** ***** only ***** * *** minutes. ***** ********** ** not **** ** ******* to **** ****** ** set *** ** ******* with ******* **********, ******* install **** ** *********. Below ** *** ********** section ** ** ** camera ******* ******* ******* configuration:

Camera IP Settings

*** ****** ** **** gained ******, *******, ** some ************* ***** ******* to ** ********* ** bulk,*** ***** ***** ****, ***** * ********* range ** ** *******. In **** ****, *** time ******* *** *******.

*******, ***** *** *** issues **** ***** ****** be ***** ** ****** using ****:

  • *** *********** **** ********* may ****** ** *** main ******** ** ***** DHCP. **** *** ******'* lease *******, ** **** it ******* ***** ***** failure, ***** ** * chance **** *** ******** IP ******* **** ******. This *** ******* ********, as ******* ***** ******* to *** *** *** IP ******* (*** **** majority) **** ** ****** work ***** *** ****** is **-******* **** *** VMS ******. ************, ******* the ******* ******* *** be * ********, *** may ******* ***************'* ********* ****.
  • *******, **** ****** ***** when ***** ******* ********* is *** ****** ** rogue **** *******. ************ DHCP ******* *** ** plugged **** *** *******, intentionally ** ***************, *** used ** ****** *********. If *** ** * range ***** **** **** is ******** ** *** network, ******* *** *** be **** ** ******* to *******, ** ** address ********* *** *****. This ** *** ******** a ******* *****, *******, as ******* **** **** a **** ****** **** their ***** *******, ** upon ****.

Dynamic ******* ************

**** ***** ****, ******** devices ********* *** ** reserved ** *** ****** for ******** *******, ***** on *** *******. **** prevents *** ******'* ******* from ********, *********** *** main ******** ** ***** DHCP. ** ** **, the ****** ****** ** set *** **** *** the ******* ** ******* and *** ******'* *** address **** ** ******* into *** **** ******'* setup. ***** ** ** example ** *** ***** / ********* *** ******* address ***********:

DHCP Scope Configuration Router

Public **. ******* *********

****: **** ****** ****** addresses ******** (*******) ** addressing *** ************ *******, not ****** *** (***** assigned ** ***'* ******** service ********), *** ****** of ****** **. ******* arise **** ******* ** those ******** ** ****, as ****.

******** ******* ********* ********* assign ***** ******* *********, regardless ** ******* **** or **** *** ****. This ************* ************'* ************ ****** *********** difficult, ** *** ** address *** **** *******. There *** *** ****** practices **** ** ********* this *****:

  • ***** *** ******** * static ** *******, *** this ** ********* * paid ******* ** *** of ******** ******* **** (~$10-20 *** *** *****). This *** ** ****** affordable ** ****** ************* but *** *********** *** SMB *******, ** *** add *********** **** ** internet *******.
  • *** **** ****** *** around **** **** ** to *** ******* ***, which **** * ****'* public ** ******* ** a ****** ********, *.*., 67.20.198.45 **** ** "****.******.***", with *** ******* *** automatically ******** ** * new ******** ** ******* should ** ******.

** ****** **** ** these ****** ** ****** access ** ********* ******* ****** *** Video ************ *****.

Test **** *********

**** ********! **** **** 5 ************ ** ** ********* for ***** ************.

Comments (36)

** ******* ***** *** cameras * ****** ** use ****** ********* ** the *** *********, *** DHCP **** *********** *** cameras. *** ******* ** knowing **** *** *** equipment **** ********** ****** and ** ********** **** after * **** ****** failure ** * **** mis-configuration ***** ** **********.

*** **** ** **** open *******'* , **** make ******

******* *** ** ******** so * **** * Road *** *** ******

**** ** **** ***** of ******** *******'* *** future ***********

**** ****** **** **** who *** ******** ***** requires **** ** ** to **** *** ***** with ** ***** ******* consistant

*** **** *** , but **** ******** ****

* ********** **** ** own ******** ******* ** I *** *** ** walls *** *** **** anyone **** ** *** them.

******** ******** *** ****** with ** ***** ******* system.

*** **** ** **** open *******'* , **** make ******

**** ***** **** * bad ****, ** *** are ** ****** ****** an ** ******* *** of *** ****** ** the **** ****. * good **** ****** **** ping ** ** ****** assigning ** ** ****** it ** *** ******* taken, *** ** *** any ****** **** ****** with *** ***** ****** IP **** *** ******* to *** **** (******* lost, ****** ** *********, network ********, ***.) *** wind ** **** **** new ****** ** *** network *********** ******* **** IP ******** *** **** and ******* ** *********.

**** ** *** *********** from *** ****** ******** IT ****

**** **** **** **, lock ** ** , then ** ****** ** to ******

*** **** ****** ** this *******

** ** ****** ***** protocol

***** ***** *** **** and **** ** ***** vlan ****** .

*** **** *** , but *** ******** ** this **** **** ******* why

****'* ******* **** *** probably ***** *** ******* reservations ****** *** *****.

****** ********** ******** ** IT **********, *** ****** never **** *** *** DHCP ***** ** ****** IPs *** **** *** the ****** *******. *** potentially *** ** **** address ******* (******* *** don't **** **** *** lease ****** **) ** IT **** **** **** device *** ******* **'* not ******** **** ** should ** ** ***** mentioned, *** *** ** with ** ** ********.

*** **** *** ** do **** ** ** work **** ** *** get * ***** ** IP ********* **** *** not **** ** *** DHCP ******* **** ** have *** ***** ******** from ****. *** *** use ** ** ******* like ******** ** ******* to **** **** ********* range *** **** **** IPs ** ********** ***.

*** ***'* ***** ** the **** *** ********* out ** ******* *** have ********** *** ** it ** ***** ** the ******* **** ** you *** *** ****** off ** *** * range *** ** *** pool ** **** *** been ********.

* ***** **** ****** depends ** *** ****** your *********. ** ****** use **** **** ******** as ** **** *** care ** *** ** address *******. *** *** reboot *** ****** *** they **** ************* ********* even ** *** ** address *******. **** ****** also ***** ******* *****.

*'** *** ****** **** the ******** ****** ****** cameras ** ******, **** DHCP ** *** ******* method. ***** ****, **'** switched ** ****** ***** the **** ********. * wonder ** **** *** because ** *****'* ***** Avigilon ******* **** *** VMS

* ****** ** **** was ******* ** *****'* using ******** ******* **** the ***

*****-***** ******* * ***** always ****** ** ****. Avigilon ******* + ******** VMS ****** ** *** needed.

* ***** ****** ******** devices *** ** *****/****. Based **** **** ******** I *** *** ** so *** ******** ** *******/******* *** network.*************, *** ******* *** about **% ********* ********.

*** **** ** *** test ** *** *** of *** ******* ******* to ** ****.

*** - ***** ***, and **** ** *******.

**** ********** *** ***** want ** *** **** due ** ***** ******, and **** *** *** to ****** *** *******. This ***, **** ******** cameras ** *** *** DNS ****, ** ** the ** ******* *******, the ****** ** ***** accessible.

**** ******* ** *** support *** ******, **** do.

*** ******* ******* *** setting * ****** ******* on * ******(** ******) to ***** **** *********** causes ********?

** *** ********** ****** address ** *** ******** indexed ** '*** ******' to ****, **** *** server *** *** ** hand ** *** ** another ******, ******** ** address ********.

** *** *** * camera ** * ****** address ** **** ***** request ** ******* **** the **** ******; **** if *** *** ******* is ******** ****** *** configuration ** *** **** Reservation ******.

****** ********* ****** ***** overlap **** ********* (***-***********). If *** ********** ******* camera **** ***-****, *** DHCP ****** **** **** out *** ******* ** another ******...**** *** ******* will ** ** ******** with *** ***-**** ****** returns ** **-**** ******.

**'* * **** ******** to ***** ******* ****** IP ****** **** **** scopes.

**'* * **** ******** to ***** ******* ****** IP ****** **** **** scopes.

******** * ***** ** general, ** *** *********** is ******** ******* ***** should *** ** * problem.

****, ****** *** ******** address ********** ** *** camera ****** *** ****** to ******* *** ********** in *** ***** ** a **** *******.

**** ****, *** *** probably ****** *** **** making *** ****** ****** in *** ***** *****.

**** **** ******** ***** information ******* **** **, but ***** ** ** way ** ****** **** with * ****** **.

"****, ****** *** ******** address ********** ** *** camera ****** *** ****** to ******* *** ********** in *** ***** ** a **** *******."

** ** **********, * haven't ***** *** ** device **** *** ********** with **** * ****** IP ******* *** ** a **** ****** ** the **** ****. ****** the ****** *** * static *******, ** ** acquiring *** *** ****, both *** ************ *** both (******* *** ** grayed *** **** *** other *** ** ********).

** **** ** *********, please *** ** **** a ****** **** ******** this *******. *'* ****** willing ** ***** *** things.

****** *** ****** *** a ****** *******, ** is ********* *** *** DHCP, **** *** ************ for **** (******* *** is ****** *** **** the ***** *** ** selected).

*** ******* ****** * DHCP ******** **, **** with ******** *******:

***** *** **** ****! Old **** *** ***** new ****** ***** ***.

** *** ******* ** reserved *** * ********** device, *** ***** *** DHCP ****** **** *** that ******* ** ******* device? ******'* *** *********** reserve *** ** ******* with ** ******* *** device ***** ******* ** the *******?

***'* **** ** *** vms ******** ********* *** some ******* **** * test ******** ** ****** the ******* ****** *** lock ** **?

**, ***

** **** ** ** , **** ***'* *** check ****** ******?

*** ** *** **** a **** *** ** the ******

***'* *** *** **** the ******** ** ** would **** ** *** network ?

**** **** ** *** the ******* *******'* ****** the ******* ******

*'* **** ** ********* potentially *** ******* ******** of ***** ******* ******* reservation. ****** *** **** need ** ******* * camera, *** ** * fault ** ** ******* for *******, *** *********** table **** **** ** be ******* ****** *** camera ** ******** ** IP ******* **** *** allocate (** **-*** *** original ******'* ** *******). This ***** ** * problem ** *** *** relying ** ** ******** IT ******* ** **** an **-**** ** ****** who *** *** ** there ** *** *** (many ** *** ******* we **** **** **** part-time ** ****** *** only ****** **** * week), ******* ** ****** in ******* *** ****** back ** *** *******.

**** ********* ************, ***** with *** **** **** editing *** *********** ***** would ******** **** * similar ****** ** **** as ** ***** ** configure *** ******* *** static ** ********* ** the ***** ***** (****** by ********* ****** ********), negates *** ********** **** method ******, ** ** opinion.

***** *******. ****** ** addresses = ****** *********.

*'* **** *** * third ****** ** **** the ******** ******* ******** changes *** ******* ** address.

******* *** **** ****-*** TeamViewer *** ** *** customer's ********** *** ***** home **. ** **** cannot ****** ***** ******, log **** *** **** PC, **** * *** browser, ** ** ******, type ** "****'* ** IP?". ***** ** ****. Close *** ********** *******. Update *** ***** ******** on *** **********. ****.

***'* *** ********** ** your *** ******** ****** to ****** * ********'* home *******. ** *** do, *** ****** ** the ***** *****... ***** up *** $$$ *** buy * ********** *******.

*********** ****. ** ****** always *** ** * private ******* *** *** cameras, *** ****** * small ****** ******* ***** network *** ****. ** set ********** ** ****** and ***** ** ***** cameras ** ***** *** the ***/******, ** **** the ** *** *** specific ******.

** ** *** **** on *** ****** ** if * **** ***** in ** *** *** on ******. ** ** limit **** ** .*** and *****, *** ****** the ***** ** *** devices. ** ** ***** like ** *** *** right ***** ******* ******* it...

******** *** **** ****** before , *** *** not ********** ***, ***** now

*** ****** *** ****** ip, ***** ********, **** on ***** *******, ****** got * ********* *******'* , **** *** ****** into *******, *** ***** camera, *****, ***** *** address, ** *** ***** Numbers ** *** *******, then **** ** ***** out **** *** ******** we ******** **** ******** in *** ****** ** would *** ****** *****.

******** ***** , **** about * ***** ** time ** **** , figure **** *** ********.

**** ** **** ******, people.

*** ****, * **** with ** **** ********** that *** **** **** versed ** ******* *********** and ** ****** ** OCD *******.

* **** ** * point ** ***** *** my ********* **** **** little ******. *'** **** steering ** **** *********** installers ** ****** ***** cameras **** ********* ***** by ******* ** *******. One ***, * **** I *** **** ***** training ****** *** *** watch **** ** ** themselves ******* ** ****. A *** *** *****!

**** ** *********. * also ****** ********* *********. With * *** ***** filters ** *** ****** an ********** **** **** troubleshooting ******* ******.

******* ** *** *** IT ** ********** , we *** ***** **** have ** ******* *** do *** **** ** IT *********. **** ****** we ***'* **** *** the *********** ** ***** need *********** *** *** other * .

******* ***** , ****** and *********** ** *** structure *** *** **** map

***** *** *** **** patience ** ** ** a **** ** **** ownership **** *** **** has *** *** ******** , ********** *** ********* way ** ***** **. Even ****** ***** *** Ieee ********* **** ***'* always ****** ***** *** rules .

** **** ** **** the ** ***** **** right ** **** *** rules ** ***** ************ before ** **** **** the ** ** **** and **** **** *****.

***** * ******

* ** ********** **** input, ***** ** ********** guy ** ******

****, *** **** **** puts ** *** **** context ** **** ** official **** ** ** a ***** ********, *** I'm ********* ****** ***** more **** ******* **** sales *****.

**** ****** ******* ** the ********. ****** * known ** *******, *** therefore * ****** ** dynamic **** *********** ** only ********* ** *** solution ********* *********** ** the ******.

**** *** **** ******** cloud ******* ******** ** will *** * ******* reverse *** *** **** won't ** *** ****, the ****** **** ******** the ********** ** *** server *** ********* ** doesn't ****** **** *** ip ******* ** *** device ** ** ** whether ** ** ******* or ******.

** ****** ******* * separate ******* *** *** CCTV *******. *** ******* are ******** ****** ** addresses **** *** *********, though *** ******, ******** by *** ** **********.

** ** **********, ****** IP ********* **** *** systems ****** ** ******, troubleshoot *** ******** ************ with *********** **** **** little ** ********. ** removes *** ********* ***** of ******* *** ***** the **** ****.*****'* ** need ** ***** *** manage * **** ****** or ***** ***** ** address ************ ** ******** of **** ****.

*******, ******** *** ********* equipment *** ** *** up *** ***** ****** in *** ****** *** then **** ** **** for ************.

**** ***********, ** * camera *****, **'* * simple ****** ** ****** the ** ******* ** a *** ****** *** swap *** *** ****** camera. ** *********** ***'* need ** ******* ********** with ******** *** ********* in *** *********** *****.

** ** *******, ******* addressing ** **** ** a ******** ** *** security ********.

** ***** ** ** reserving *** ********* *** DHCP ** **** ** time ********* ** ********* a ****** **. ** I ******* *** ***** here?

********* - *** *** not ***** **** **** take **** **** / effort ** ********* ** front, *** ***** *** solid *** ***** *** this.

* ***** ** ****** back *** ***** ******* home *** ****. * do *** **** ** change ** ** ************* each **** * ****** networks, *** * ** want ** *** *** same ******* ***** **** I ******* ** *** work ***. **** * reservation * *** ****** that. (* ** *** a *** ** ********* IP *********, ** **** feature ** ******* ***** to **** ******).

**** ******* ** *** have *** ******* ** assign * ****** ******* too; *.*. *** ******** gear (****** **** *******, smart ***, ********* *******, consumer ******** *******, ***).

****** *** *** *********** management ** ************ ******* than ******** ****** ********* on **** ********** ******.

*** *** ****** ****** with * ********** ******, but **** ***********, ****** don't *** ** *** of *** ****** ******* range, ***** ** ***** a ***** ***** ** addresses ***** *** ******** and *******.

**** *******'* ****** ** all **** ***** *********, the ****** *** *** DHCP *** ****** ********* all ** *****.

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