Velcro vs Zip Ties for Network Cable Tested

By John Scanlan, Published Jan 13, 2022, 09:42am EST

Zip ties have long been used for cable management. However, over the last decade, the use of Velcro, as an alternative, has expanded but Velcro is significantly more expensive than zip ties (~5x as much). How does this choice impact the potential performance of cables used?

IPVM Image

IPVM tested cables strapped with zip ties and Velcro, using a Fluke DSX-8000 certifier, to determine what, if any, differences in performance existed, including:

  • Scenario test results
  • Twist Rate impact
  • Effects on video surveillance
  • Certification results
  • Cable manufacturer responses
  • BICSI information

Executive *******

********** ** *** ****** is ******** ** *******, network *********** *** *** impacted ** *** *******. However, *** **** ******** performance **** **** **** overtightened ** ******* *** even ***** **** **** were ************* **** ******** to ***** ******** (********, building *****, ***.).

***** *** ****, ** long ** **** *** strapped *******, ****** *** have ** ****** ** cable ***********. ****, **** provides ******* ** ******** costs.

*******, ***** ****** ********** any **** ** ************* overtightening, *** ** ** reusable.

******* ****** **** ******* cable, ***** ********* *********, degraded *********** **** **** zip **** *** ******, but *** *** *********** was *** *****. ********* with ****** ****** **** diminished ********, ***** *** ties ****** *************.

Flattened ******* **** **** *** **** ***** ***** *************

***** ** ** *** recommend ********** *****, **** is ********* **** ******* in *** *****.

** ***** *** ***' cuts ** *****, ****** 10 **** ** ** into * ******* ****, then ********* **. ** one ***** ** ******* Velcro ****** *** ** the ***** ** ******* zip ****. ** **** cases, *** ***** ****** below ****** ***** ** the ****** ******, *******, the *** **** **** able ** ******* ****** the ***** **** **** than *** ******. *** two ****** *** ***** below, *** **** ****** strapping ** *** *** the ***** ***** **** zip ****.

IPVM Image

*** *** **** **** able ** ***** ******* pair ********** ****** *** jacket ****** ** ***** the ***** ** **** certification *******.

IPVM Image

****** ** * ********* metal ********* ***** ** good *** ************* *** installing ****** *** * cable. *******, **** **** trait ** **** ****** the *** **** ** cinch **** ** *** pairs *** ****** *** twists.

IPVM Image

*** ****** *** ***** above ****** ** *** to *** *********** ** the ***** **** *** the ***** ***** ** tightly **** **** **** (and ** ****) **** below *** **** ***** for *** * *********. The ******** *****, **** a *********** ***** ****, is **** ******* ** staving *** ********* ******* pairs. *** ******** ** -2.2db ***** *** ****/**** line. ** *** ******* graph ** *** *****, the *** **** ********** the ******* ********** ***** for ****-*** *********. *** other ***** ********* *** measured ****-*** ********* ****** of **** **** ** the *****.

IPVM Image

*** **** ***** ** the ***** ***** *** near-end ********* ******* ** the **** ***** ****** applying * **** ******* loop **** ***** *** ties. *** ******** ** well ***** *** **** limit *** *** ************* cable, +*.* **. **** test *** ********* *********** after *** ***** *** terminated *** ****** *** cable ****** **** ********. The ***** ******* *** line (*** ********* ********* level) *** *** ******* lines ***** (***** ***********) represents *** ********.

Flattened ******* **** **** ****** ******* ********

** *** **** ******** outlined *****, ******* *** service **** ****, ** also ****** **** ****** straps ******** *** *****. The ******** ** ************* reduced (*.* ** ** 3.7 **), *** *** cable ****** *************, ** shown *****.

IPVM Image

Velcro & ***** ******* *** ****: ** ******

** ********* *** ****** used ** **** **** before ****** *** ***** strapping ** ******* ********* to *** * ******** level ** ********, ****, and ***** *******.

**** ** ****** ****** were ******* ** *** cable ****** **** * cables *** **** ******* with ** ******. **** Velcro *** ******* *** 50 *****-******* *** **** were ***** ** *** cable. *** ****** **** certified *** ****** ** each **** ******** *** there **** ** *********** in *********** ** ************* test ******* ****** *** of ***** *********.

Tight *** **** *****: ******* **********

** *** *******, ******** zip **** ******* ** properly ********* ****** *** not **** * *********** impact ** **** *******. This *** ** **** for ***** ******* ** cable, ***** ******* ** cable, *** ******* *****.

Cable *** **** ** ***** *******: ******* ***********

** ****** *** ****** Velcroed *** **** ***-**** to *** **** ** unistrut ** ********* ******** steel, ******** *******, *****, or ***** ********* **** an ********* *** ****** to. ***** *** * nominal ********** ** *********** when ***** ******, *******, there *** ******** ***** in *********** **** ***** zip ****.

*** ***** *** ********** tested ******* ***** ****** and ******** *.* ** headroom. ***** ***** ***-**** to *** **** ** unistrut *** ***** *********** was ******* ** *.* db.

IPVM Image

Twist **** *********

***** **** ** *** an ********* ******, *** rather ** ********** ******* to ****** *** ********* performance ** * *****. The ****** *** ******** to ******** ******** **** degrade ****** ******** **** crosstalk ******* *****.

*** ***** ***** ***** a *** * ***** with *** ****** ******* to **** *** ********** in ***** **** ******* pairs. *** ****** **** has ***** ***** *** twist **** ******** ** the **** ****.

IPVM Image

Effects ** ***** ************

** ********* *** ******* cable ***** ****** ************* to * ***** ************ camera *** *** ****** to ** ****** ** performance.

****: **** *****'* ******* using ****** **** **** certification. ******* ****** *** operate ********* **** **** after ******* ************* *******, one ****** ******* *** problem. *** ***-***** ****** or * ******** ******* associated **** ******* **** won't **** ************* *** show ** ***** ** even ************** ****** ** difficult *** *********** ** troubleshoot. ***** ****** *** be **** *********** **** longer **** *** ** more *********** ************.

Cable ************* *******

*** ***** ********** ** more *******, ** **** the **** ************* ******* available *** *** ********:

IPVM Image

Cable ************ *********

** ********* ************* ** learn ***** ******** **** regard ** ************ ********** and ******** *******:

******:

*** **** *** ********* and **** ** **** to ****** ****** ** to *** ****** *** cable. ** *** **** to ********* ********** *************** to **** ****** **** point *** *** **** being **** *****. ****** is ********* ** ***** is ** ****** ***** them.

***** **** ****:

*** **** **** *** pulled *** ***** *** definitely ****** ***** *** there ** ** *** Windy **** **** ***** put ******** ** *** warranty ********* ****. **** everything ** *** ********, our ******** ***** ** it ********** ***** **** to ********** ********.

***** **** **** **** directly***** **+ *** *** SKUs ** ***** *******.

** ********* ******* ***** manufacturers *** **** ****** here ** **** *******.

*****

*** ********* ************ ***** weighs ** ** *** ties ** ******, *******:

*** **** *** **** straps ** ****** *** cables. *** **** *** loop ****** ****** ** evenly ****** ********** *** dressed ******. **** *** loop ****** ****** ** used ** ******* * change ** *** ******** geometry ** *** ***** that ********* ******* **** use ** ***** *** wraps.

Cable ***** *****

*** **** *** ***** too **** ******** ** the ******* ***** *** can ****** *** ***** by ******** *** ***** rate. ******* ** ****** rings ** ****** ***** with *******, * ***** cable ***** *** ******** the ******** ****** * larger ****, ******** *** risk ** ******.

*** ***** ***** ***** the ********* *** *** making *** **** ****** to *** ***** *** the ****** *** *** deforming *** ***** *** least.

IPVM Image

**********

**** ********** ***** ****** strapping (**** *** ****) and **** *** ********* zip **** *** *******, as *** **** **** a ******* ****** ** affecting *** ********** *********** of ******* ******** ** Velcro. ************, ******* ****** that **** ************* ****** not ** **** *** video ************ ******** **** when **** **** ** perform ****.

**** **** **** *** recommend *** ******** ********** highlighted ** **** ******, such ** ******* *****, which *** **** ** examples ****.

Comments (40)

***** *** *** ******** the ******. **** ****** make **** ******. *********** need ** *** ****...

Agree: 10
Disagree
Informative: 2
Unhelpful
Funny: 3

****** **********, *** ****, if ** *** *** spot **** *** **** zip ****, ** ****** it *** ******* **** Velcro, *** *** ** those ********* ******** ** my *******.

Agree: 4
Disagree: 1
Informative: 3
Unhelpful
Funny: 1

"** ********* *** ******* cable ***** ****** ************* to * ***** ************ camera *** ***little ** ** ****** ** ***********."

"*** *** ** ***** necessary ******** ** ** opinion."

IPVM Image

Agree: 3
Disagree: 2
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny: 2

*** ** * *** at *** ** ***** cannot ** *****? *** cost ** ****** ****** be * ******* *********.

Agree: 4
Disagree: 1
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*** ********** ******* ** do **** "*****" *** everything ** ** **** "practicality".

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*** ********** ******* ** do **** "*****" *** everything ** ** **** "practicality".

** *** ********** ** do **** *******, *** practicaility.

Agree
Disagree: 1
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny: 1

**** **** **** ******? Previous ******** ********* *** damage *** *** ** noticed *** **** ****...**** time * *********** ** months ** * *******.

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny: 1

* *** * ***** tech *** * ****** before ******** **** **** years ***. **** * wild ***** ** ** how **** ***** * cable *** ******** *** wire *** *** ******* for ** **********.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

...**** *** *** ** that ****** ***?

*'* ***** ** ***** in *** *** *** below ***.

Agree: 1
Disagree: 1
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

******* ****** *** *** several ******* ***** * worked **** ** *** different ******, *** *** five ***** ** ****, it *******.***** **** ******* *****'* match **** ***** **********, what *** * ***.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

** **** ****** **'* not * **** ******** because ***** ** ************ damage: ** **** ** it *****'* **** *** let's ***** **** **.

*** **** *** ** to ***** **** ***...*** I *** ********** **** it's * ********** **** works *** ****.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

* ********** *** *** ties **** ******* ******* it ** **** ** company ***** ** *** I ******* **'* * question ** ***** ******** trained ** *** ******* the *** **** *** much **** ******* ******. In ** ***** ***** I'd **** ** *** velcro *** *** **** but * ***** ** company ***'* ******* *** price *** *** ****** of **** ***** ** run ******** ** */** or */** ****** *** alarm *******. ** * see ****** ******* **** in * ***** ***, you *** ** **** I **** **** *** of ** ******.

* **** ** ***** isn't ********* ** ************* or *************.

* **** *** **** a **** ***!

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

** *** *** ******* for * ********** *** cost ****** *** *****, Harbor ******* ***** ** by *** ****, ****'* what ** ***, **** cut ** ** ******, its ***** **** **** using ** *** * wide ******* ** ************. $7 *** **** ****. We've **** **** ******* with **.

********* **** *** *** pre-made ****** ** ****, 8.50 *** *** (***** used ****)

Agree: 3
Disagree
Informative: 4
Unhelpful
Funny

**** ** ****** * heated **********. ** ******** hook *** **** ** Rip-Tie *-**-*** *****. **’* inexpensive *** ***** ****. There ** **** * Q ******* **** ** lower ******* *** * prefer *** ********, ******* version.

* ***** *** ** double **** *** ****. Sometimes * *** * zip *** **** ** make **** **** *** extra *****…**** *******. *’** never *** ** ***** with *** **** *** I ***’* ****** ** them. *’** **** ***** folded ***** ** ***** in *** *******. * leave ** ** ***** and ****** *** **** to * *-**** ** something *******. * **** power ****** *** * don’t ***** *’** **** Cat ***** ****** **** that ** *** *****. Maybe **** ** ***** years ***. **’* ****** nicely ******* ** **** thrown ** ******** **********.

** * ****, * will ****** *** **** and ****. **’* **** to *** ****** *****. If * **** ** make ********* ***** ** a **** * **** sometimes **** *** ****** with **** *** **** and *** * *** tie **** ****.

Agree: 4
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny

****** ***** ****** **** to ** *****/*******, ****** use ******.

*** ******** ***** **** are ****** "**-****" (******** of ****** & *****). They're **** ********* *** they *** *** **** we've *****.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny

****** "**-****"

***, ***** **** **** nice *** ** ***** they **** * ***** grip ** ****. * have *** *** **** luck **** ** *** something **** **********. **** are ***** **** ** Menards. **** ** *** worst **** *** *** brand **** **** ***** switched **, ********** ********. Every ***** *** ****** when *********.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*******, **-**** **** *** steel ****** ********* *** tie. *** ***** **** break ****** **** ****** ever **** **.

***** ***** **** **** their ***** ** ***-******* environments. **'** ***** *** W-Box ***** **** *** generally ******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

**** **** "*************" **** in *** **** ***** though? *'* ****** ** see * **** ***** the ******* ***** *** an ********* ***** *** subjected ** ***** *** dropped ****** *****.

Agree: 2
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful: 2
Funny

* ******* ************* ****** means **** *** ***** meets *** ************** ***** those *** ***** ** the ****************** ******** ***********. Whether ** *** **** have * ****-***** ****** isn't ****** *** *****. Standards **** **** ***********. There *** *** **** installs * *** **** don't ****** *** *********. Do **** *** ****? Yes, **** ** **** do. ***** * **** those **** ** **** type ** **** ** my *****? **** **.

Agree: 2
Disagree: 1
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

******* ** *** **** have * ****-***** ****** isn't ****** *** *****.

** **** ********* **. If * "********" *** no ****-***** ******, ** is *********** *** **** be *******. ****'* *** you *** ** **** installations **** ***** **** and ******* **** *** without ***** *** *******.

** *** ** ***** of ********** ** ***** CCTV *** ***** **** both ****/*** *** **, not **** **** * ever ***** **** * cable *** *** *** cause ** ** **********. EVER. **** ****** ***** of * ***** *********** were ******* ************ *** through **********, *** *** connectors.

Agree: 2
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful: 1
Funny

"** *** ** ***** of ********** ** ***** CCTV *** ***** **** both ****/*** *** **, not **** **** * ever ***** **** * cable *** *** *** cause ** ** **********. EVER."

**** *** **** **. The ****** ** **** test *** ***** **** clearly *** ******** ********** of * *** ***** measurably ******** ***********. *** connected ***** ** ***** on *** ***-*** ********. If ** ******* ************ doesn't ****** **** ***-*** and ***'* ** ********* to *** ******** **** performance, ** ** *** a ******* ************. * the **** *** *****?

Agree: 1
Disagree: 1
Informative: 2
Unhelpful: 1
Funny

***, ******, *****. **** of ********* ** ******** and ****'** *** ******* because ** ***** ****. Give ** * *****.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful: 2
Funny

********* ****** *** *** of ******* *** *** one *********** *** ****-**** sustainability. ************* ******** ****** performance ** **** ***** specs, ** **** **** TIA ******** * ***** certification.

***** *** ******* ***** in **** **** *** unable ** **** *** certification, *** ***** **** a **** ****** **** an ** ****** ***** can ** ***** ********/*********** in ***********.

*'* ****** ** *** a **** ***** *** crushed ***** *** ** undamaged ***** *** ********* to ***** *** ******* packet *****.

* **** * ********* to **** *** ********* difference. *** ********* ***** was **** ** ******* at ** ****, *******, the *** *** ******* cable ****** *** ** Gbps **** *** ***** only ******* * * Gbps ****. *** ********* results *** *****:

IPVM Image

* **** *** * ping **** **** * camera ********* ** *** end ** *** ***' drops. *** ******* **** the **** ** **** cables. ******* ******* ******* and *** ******** ***** were *** ****:

  • ** ***** = * ms ******** ****
  • **,*** ***** = *** response ****
  • **,*** ***** = **** response ****
Agree
Disagree
Informative: 2
Unhelpful
Funny

****** ****, **** ** definitely **** ****** **** dB ************ *** ****/**** and *******.

* ***** **'* ****** amusing *** ******* **** even * ******* ***** could "****" **** ************ ****** **** ******* packets *** *** **** latency. *** **** ***** matter ** **'* ******* as * ******** *** will ******** *** **** amount ** ******* ** a ******* *****, *** what **** **** ***** us ** ** ***'** connecting ** ** * 1000Base-T ****** ** ****** (which ********* ******* *** the ******** ** ************* worldwide) ***** **** **NO impact on performance whatsoever.

** ***** **'* **** to *** **** ******** deformations ** ** ******** cable ** ****** *** signal ** * ********** way, *** **** ************ demonstrated **** ** ** tolerant ** **** ***** to * ******* ******. Much ** *** ******* of ** **** ******* who **** ***** *** a **** ** ***** life, ** *****.

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful: 2
Funny

* **** **** ** disappointing *** ****** ********** this ******* ****'** *** "zero... **********" ************ ** a *** ***. **, fine, *** *** **** can ***** ** ********** that ** ********** *** demonstrated ****. **** * will ****** ** * statement **** **** **** had **************** **** ****** ******* to *** ****. *** can **** ** ********** that ** **** *** enough ** ** ********** to ** ********** ********. *** ******* **.*% of ********* *** *** going ** **** *** their ****** *** **** an ******** ************* ** performance. ***'* **** ** as * ******** ******, geez.

Agree: 3
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

** ***** ** **** easier ** *** **** things ********** ** *** didn't *** ******** ** here ** ********** **** such ******, ****** **** character ******** **** ***** cable ****. ******** ******* over ** ********* ******** post **** **** ***** seen *** **** ** really **.

*** ***, * *** agree **** **** *********.

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*'* *** **** **** anyone ** ********** ********* someone **** *** *** of *** ****. *'* not. * ***** *** them. *******, **** ***** people **** **** ** opinion ***** ** **** they **** **** ** the **** **** *** used *** **** ** the ********* ****** ***** they *** ********* *****. When * *** ********* like **** ***** *** cable ** ******** ** the ********* **** ** any ***** ****, * don't **** ** *****'* work. * ** ***** it ********* ***** ***.

****** * **** *** that ** * *** a ****** ** ****** installed *********** *** * need ** *** *** or *** ****, *'* not ****** ******** ** make *** ****** **** way ****** **** *** working ****** ******* *** customer ** *** ***** to *** *** ****** just ******* *** ****** look *****.

** * ** *** zip **** *** *'* attaching *** ****** ** an ******** ******, * will ****** *** ****** of ******** *** **** because **** ********* ***** bad.

I **** ********** ***** *** * *** *** ** *** ***** ** ********* *** *******. I personally believe a lot of the installation has to do with the overall professional look of the installation. I think a greater issue than if you use zip ties or hook and loop wrap is if you label both ends of the cable. That is the biggest complaint that I have and see it often.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny

********** * **** ***** ties *** ******* **** installations **** *******, *** in **** ***** **** were * ******** ****** I *** *****. ***** velcro ** * ****** cable ** * ******* backboard ** * ****** or ******* ** *** practical **********. ** **** never ** *****, ** will ***, *** *** bias ** *** ***** will **** ******* ****** it **** **** ****. Staples **** ** ***** and ***, **** ****** it ** ** ****** but **'** ******* **** over ******* ****'* ***** to ****** *** ******* to ** *** ***.

** *'* ******** * server **** **** ** cables **** ********* *'* not ***** ***** **** or *******, * ***'* think ****** **. *** sorts ** ***** **** would ** ***** *** work ***** **** ****** is *********** *** ********** not ***** **** ***** staples *** ***** **** are ***********, *** **** versa. ******* ***** *** a *** ** **.

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

********** * **** ***** ties *** ******* **** installations **** *******

** *** ******** *** described, ***** *** **** a ******* ********* **** yes, ******/*** *** *** be *****. * **** stapled **** *** **** with ******* *** *** able ** **** **** tight ***. ***** * have * **** ** the **** **** * conduit **** ***** ***** a **** ******* ** to * *-**** ** cable ****. **'* **** rare **** *'* ******* with * ******* ********* anymore. *** ********* ** this ** ** ** have * ***** **** mount ***** ***** **** a ***** ****-******* ******.

** * ***** ****, I **** *** *** Mag ****** **** *** hook *** **** ********** for ***** ***** ***** aren't *****-** ********** ******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

****** ***%. ** ***'* even ***** ***-****...**** ** tech ******** ** ******** a **** ** **** in **** ** ***** them *** ********* ***** than ***** *******.

** **** *** * yatch **** ****** **** re-work. ***** ******* *** the **** *** **** the ***** ** *** small **** **** *** hardly ******* ** *** so *******, *** ** wrist *** **** *** from *******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

* **** **** ** RCDD *** **** ** years. *'** **** *** damage **** **** ********* zip-ties. * ****** ******* "velcro" ***** **** & loop ********* *** ******** the *** ** ***-****. I **** **** * contractor ****** *** ****** the ****** ** * see **** ** * punch ****.

Agree: 3
Disagree
Informative: 3
Unhelpful
Funny

****, **** ***** ** the ***** **** ** ask.

*** *** *** **** resources **** ******* *** if ***** ** * documented **** *** ************* as ** *** ****** of ***** ** **** pair ** ***** ******? I **** **** ****** consistently ****** ************* *** orange *** ***** **** seem ** **** *** tightest ****** **** ****** being ******** ****, *** then *** ***** *** blue **** **** * lot **** ***** **** green ****** ******** ****.

***** ******* **** **** issues ***** **** ** 568B, *'** ******* **** and ***** **** ** have **** *******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

* **** **** *** the ******** ** **** the *** **** ************ seeming ** ** *** white **** **** ***** over **** *** *** brand *****'* **** ** matter ** **'* ** the ***.

*** ********** **** ****** has **** *** **** where *** ******* *** the ***** ******** ***** a ****** ** **** this ** *** ******** by *** *** *** is **** ******** ******** and ***** ***** *** be ******** **** ****** they ***'* **** ********.

** ** ** ***** I ***** ****** ** go **** ******* ***** black *** **** *** not ********* ** ******** heavily ** ****** *** but ***** **** ***** to ** ******* ** will *** ****** *** sometimes ****** ** ** a ******* ***** *** use ** ** * loop ** ******* **** wires *** ** *** have ********* ***** *** have ** **** ** a *** ** ***** wire * ******* **** cut ** *** ***** a *** *** ** instead ** ***** **** they *** ** *** article. **** ** *** cents.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

********* ** *** ******* service *****. *** *** purposely **** ******* *** ties? *** *** ********* put **** ****** ** the ****? *** *** purposely ***** *** *** loops **** **** *** velcro *****?

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

** *** ***** **** to ***, **** **********, I ***** ********* *** velcro ******* **'* "******" and "*****" *** ***** that **** *** **** service **** ******. :-)*'** continue ** *** **** because ****'* **** * like *** * **** never *** **** *********** degradation ******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

**** ** **** ******?

IPVM Image

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny: 1

**!!! ***???

*** *** **** **** doubled *** **** **** no *******. *** ***** have *** **** **** have ** ** *** when ***** *** ******* and ***** **** ** take *** *** ******.

* ***'* *** **.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

***** **** ******* * belt **** **********.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

***, ***** ** ** the ********, ******* ** was *****.

********* *******, ** * pro ** ***** *** work **** **** *** over ******* * *** tie. ** *** *** someone *** *****'* **** what **** *** *****.. use ******. **'* "*****" for ****.

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny: 1

******/****-***-**** ****. ***** ** a ******* ***** ** hell *** ***** ***** zip ****, ********** ** they ***'* ****** ** trim ** ***** *** leave * ***** ****.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful: 1
Funny: 1
Read this IPVM report for free.

This article is part of IPVM's 7,425 reports and 980 tests and is only available to subscribers. To get a one-time preview of our work, enter your work email to access the full article.

Already a subscriber? Login here | Join now

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.

Loading Related Reports