Vulnerability Directory For Access Control Cards

By: Brian Rhodes, Published on Aug 14, 2017

Knowing which access credentials are insecure can be unclear, especially because most look and feel the same. Even the most insecure 125 kHz types are still widely supported, and using 13.56 MHz smartcards is no sure guarantee the format has not been hacked.

In this report, we take a deeper look at:

  • Why To Stop Using 125 kHz Formats
  • Which 13.56 MHz Formats are Uncracked (So Far)
  • The Cracked 13.56 Types Still Widely Used
  • Why No Formats Are Uncrackable
  • Thousands Are Working On Hacks
  • High Technology Skills Needed
  • Steps To Defend Against Hacks

We cover these points inside.

125 kHz Riskiest of All

While the vulnerability of specific 13.56 MHz formats is mixed, older 125 kHz are highly vulnerable to pragmatic copying with cheap and widely available components. We covered the risk in our Hack Your Access Control With This $30 HID 125kHz Card Copier test, and then how to address the vulnerability with the Hackable 125kHz Access Control Migration Guide.

Common 125 kHz Formats Are Insecure

The list of vulnerable, unencrypted 125 kHz formats used in access is substantial, easily reaching into millions of credentials still in use daily. The common formats include:

******* ***** ****** *********** are ******** *** ** unclear, ********** ******* **** look *** **** *** same. **** *** **** insecure *** *** ***** are ***** ****** *********, and ***** **.** *** smartcards ** ** **** guarantee *** ****** *** not **** ******.

** **** ******, ** take * ****** **** at:

  • *** ** **** ***** 125 *** *******
  • ***** **.** *** ******* are ********* (** ***)
  • *** ******* **.** ***** Still ****** ****
  • *** ** ******* *** Uncrackable
  • ********* *** ******* ** Hacks
  • **** ********** ****** ******
  • ***** ** ****** ******* Hacks

** ***** ***** ****** inside.

125 *** ******** ** ***

***** *** ************* ** specific **.** *** ******* is *****, ***** *** kHz *** ****** ********** to ********* ******* **** cheap *** ****** ********* components. ** ******* *** risk ** ******* **** ****** ******* With **** $** *** 125kHz **** **********, *** **** *** to ******* *** ************* with *********** ****** ****** ******* Migration *****.

Common *** *** ******* *** ********

*** **** ** **********, unencrypted *** *** ******* used ** ****** ** substantial, ****** ******** **** millions ** *********** ***** in *** *****. *** common ******* *******:

[***************]

Formats *** *** *******

*** **** ** ******* access ******* ********* *** claimed ** ****** ** small *** ******** ***** main *****:

*** ****** ****

***'* ****** **.** *** format *** *** ** be ****** *** ********* as ******* ***** ********** tools. *******,**** **** ******* ******* without '**** *************', *** ******** ******* [*,*,*] ***** '** ** close' ** ********** ** official *****.

****** ******* ***(********* ****)

**** ******** *** **.** MHz ****** *** **** widely ******* ******* ***** America, ** ***-********** ****** control *******, *** **** less-expensive ****-************** ****** *********** and *******, *** **** 128-bit *** ********** *** onboard **** *******.

****** ******* ***(********* ****)

**** '**** ***' *** format ****** ** ***** multiple ********** ******* ** how *********** ** ********** on *** **********, *** does *** *********** ******** improvements. ** *******, ******* designed ** *** *** can **** **** ***, although *** *** *********** is **** *** *** formatted ** ********* ** access *******.

Formats ************ *******

*** ******* ****** ** exploits ** *** ****** realized ** *********** *** endusers. *** ******* ***** used ** **** ** systems **** **** ******, but *********** **** ** 'secure' ** ****** *************:

****** ******* *******

********* ********* ****** ******* Classic *** *********** ****, **** *** not **** ****** ********** in *** **** ******, with **** ***** ******** the **.** *** ********* format ** ****. *******, the ****** ** ********** unhashed ******** **** ******** the ******* ** *********** production. *** ****** ** still ********* **** *********** vendors.

*** ****** ***** (*** SE/SEOs *******)

*** ****** ** ********** 'keys' **** ***'* ******** 13.56 *** ****** ***** multiple ******* *** ***** and *** ********** ******* in *** '***** ** ********' *****. **** ******** individual ********** *********** *** be ******* ** *** cards. *** ***** ***** these ********** ***********, ******** the **** ****** **/**** format *** * ********* format *** ******** ****** of ********** ** ******* similar ********.

No ******* *** ***********

******* ** ****** ** 'unpickable' ** '**********' ***** that *** ***** ********* given **** *** ******** to *** ******, ** credential ******* ****** ** viewed ** '***********'. ***** broad ******** **** ******* and ********* ******* *** notoriety ** ******** ******* essentially '******* *** ***** locked' ** ********* *****, efforts ** **** **** are ******* *** **********.

** ****** ****, *********, or ********** ****** ****** formats *********** ******, *** planning ********-****** ***************** ******** ********* ** prudent.

Cracking ********* ******* ** ****** *********

*** ********* *** ****** needed ** ***** ********* formats ********* *** ******** bench *********** **** ******* software ***********, ********** ***********, and ********* ***** ** code.

*** ** *** **** popular ********** **** ******* tools, *** ****-****************,*** **** ********** ** the ***** ****:

** ****** ** ******* out ***** ***** **** the ********* ** *** really *** *********. ** you *** *** ******* fairly ******** **** ***********, embedded ***********, **** ** design *** *** *********, this ****** **** ******** bring *** **** *********** than ******** **** ! Users **** ** *** understand *** ***** ********** behind **** *** **** difficulty ***** *** ******.

*** ***** ******* *** the **** ******** *****, they ****** *** ****** a '***** *** *****' card ******, *** ****** a *** ** ********** that ******* **********, ********, and ******** **** **** be ********** ******** *** access ********** *******:

**** *** ***** *********** 125 *** *******, *** cheap, *****-****, *** **** to *** ******* *********, like ***$** **** *** *** copier** ****** **** ********* success:

*******, *** *** '***** and *****' ******* *** risks ** ****** *******. For *******, ** ****** a********* (**.*****) ********** *** *** **** with ****** ****** *******, despite *** ****** ** copying ********, ********* *******:

The ******* ********* ** *****

******* ** *** '*********' community ** ********* ********** in ******* ********** *****, there *** ********* ****** who ******** *********** *** contribute ** ******* ****** credentials.

*** ** *** ****** forums ***** ***** ***** gather ** *********** ********** *********, **** ********* ** users *** ******** ** posts ***** *****, ***** collaborative ******* ** ******* progress *** ******* *** multiple ******* (********* ******, MIFARE, *****, *** *** credentials) **** *****.

***** ****** *********, **** source ********* *** **** to ******. ******** ******* projects *** ** ***** on ******, * ***** and ***** ****** ************* source ** ***** ************. While ***** *** **** relating ** ********** ********, an ******* *** ***:

******* *******

Significant ****** *** ** ********

******* ********* *** ********* risk ** ******, ** that ******** ****** *** modification ** ********* ** often ******. *** *******, one ** *** **** commonly **** ******* ** extracting ******* **** **** iClass ******* ******** ********** wiring * ******* ** splicing *** ****** **********.

*** **** ****** *******, the ********** *** **** needed ** *** **** method ** * **** significantly ********* *** ****, as *** ****** ***** be ****** ******** ** authorities.

*** **** ******** *** many ******* ***** ***** hours ** **********. **** methods *** **** ** few ** * ******* (with *********** ***), ***** ****** **** multiple ***** ** **** days (**** ******** ***** **** ******* unit).

High ***** **.** ****** **** ** ***** *******

*** *** *********** ** that **** *** **** skill *** ******* ****** need ** ***** ********** formats, *** ******* **** to ********** ****** ******* of ******** *** ******* cards ***** ***** ****.

*******, *** $** *** kHz ****** *** ** used ** ******* *** semi-covertly, ** ***** ******* should ** *******. *** for **.** *** *******, even ***** ******* ******, hours ** ****, ******** keys, *** ******** ************ of ******* ** ***** required.

*** **** ********* ******* against *******: ******** ***** administrative ******* ** **** keys, '**** ***' **** keys ********, ** *** reissue ***********, *** **** sharp **** **** *** tampering ** ********* ******* and ***********.

Comments (22)

***** **** ******** **** ** ****** ***** :) ***** ** still *** ************* ** ****** ** ********** ***** **** ** also *** *****. ******* ************ *** *** ** ******* ********* a *** ... ** ***** ***** ** *** **** *** to *** **********.

*** ** ****** **** *** ****** ** * *** ** people (****** ********). ** ****** ***'* ******** *** ***** ******* to **** *************** *** *** "***** *** *****" **** ** that **** ** **********.

*** ***** **** ** ******** ** ********* ** ********* ***** day. ********* ******** **** *** ********** ** ** **** ****** peer ****** *** ******** ****** ****** *** ****.

***

***** *** *** ** *** ********** :

****://***.*************.***/****-***-***-********

*** ******** **** ******** ********* (************) *** *** *** ** sim **** **** "***" *******. ** **** *** ****, *** high ******** ***** ***** *******...

*****

*** ***** **** ** ******** ** ********* ** ********* ***** day. ********* ******** **** *** ********** ** ** **** ****** peer ****** *** ******** ****** ****** *** ****.

**** ** *** *** '*****' ********* ******'* '***** ** ********'****** *****. ** ******** **** **** ******* ****** ** * particular ***** ** **** ** * ***** ***********, ****** ******* used ** ***** ***** **** ************ (**: *** ****, ***/***** passes) ***/**** ** ******** ******* ******** ******.

***** *** *** ******* *** **** ** *** *******.

* ***** ** **** ****.

***** *******,

*. *****'* ****** *****. * **** ** ** **** ************ iClass *********** *** * ******** ******** *******. ** ***** * bit ** ****** *** *** *** **** *** **** ***** require ******** ******* ***** *******.

**** **** *******, * ****** ** ******* ******, ***** **** links ** *** ********* ***** ****** ** **** ** ******, ( * ***** *** ******** ***** ** **** **** *******) and ****** *** *********** ****** **** *** ****** ***** *** weak ** *** ** *** ******** ** *** ********** *******, which ** *** **** ***.

**** ******* ** ******** *** **** ** **** ******, *** cryptographic ****** *** ** ******, *** *** ******* *** ** do **** ** ** ****** *** ****.

*** **** ****** **** ** *** ********* ** ********* ***/*, a ****** ******** ** ** **** ** *** ***** ******* on *** ******** *****, *** ***** ** *** *********.

**** *** ******* ****** ******** ** ** **** **** *****, which *** ** ******** *** ****, *** **** ** * XP *******( **** ******** *** **). * **** ******** **** package ** **** ** **** **** ********, *.*. ** ********** site ***** ***, ******* ***********, *** ******.

****** *** *** ******** ****!

** *** **** * ***** ** *** ********* ********** ****** SE **** ***?

** ******** ******** ******, * ****** ******* ******** *** **** partially **********, *** ***** ** * **** '*****'.

** *** *** ****, ** ** *** ***** * ***** is ***** ******** *** ****?

****** ** ** ********* * ****** *********** ** ******** *******. In ****** *** ******** ********* *** *** ** ***** ***** similar ******* ** *** **** *** *** ********* *******, *** then ***** ** * ****** *********** *** *********, ***** ** currently **** *** ******* ** *** ******. ****** *** ******* utilise * ****** ************** ******, ***** ***** ** ********** ** Side ******* *******, ** ***** **** *** ****** ****. *** from ** ************* ***** ******* * ****** ********.

******* *** ****** *********** ** ***** ******** ** *** **** and *** ******* **** ******** **** **** ** *** **** for *** ** *********** ** ********, *** **** *** ** achieved **** *** ***** ****.

********, **** *** ********* *** ** ***** *** ****** *** be ******** ***** * ********, *** ****** **** *** *** contents, *** *** ***'* **** ** ** ******* **** **** you **** *** ****** ** **** ***** ******** ** *** back ** *** ****....

**** ** ******* ** *** ******, *** *********** ******* ******, except **** *** *********** ** *** ******* *** ********* *** CSN, ** ******* * ******* ** *** ******** ** ******* soft ******* *************** ** ********, *** ****** ***** ** ** focussed ** ******** ***/* **********. ** *** *********** **** *** likely ** ****** ******.

********** ****** ** ***** * *** ******* **** ******** *******, and **** ******** **** *** ****** ******** **** *** ************* have ******** **** *** **** ** ****** *** ******** ****** on.

* ***** ******* ***** ********** **** * *****'* *** ****** to **** ** *****, *** ***** * **** **** **** allowed ****** *********, ********* *** ****** *** *** **********.

** * ******** ****, **** **** * **** *** **** looks **** ****, *** * ** **** ********* **** *** won't **** *** ******* ** ******, ** **** **** *********** under ***, ** **-*** ***** **** ** ******** **.

**** * ***** **** ********* ** ** ******* ***, *** we **** ** ***** ** ********* ******** **** ** ***** counters **** ** ********* **** ** ****, *** ******* ***'* put **** ** *******.

***********. **** *** *******, ** ***** ** *** ********** ** divulging *******, *** ****** ********** ***** ** ** ******* *******. Even ***'* ** ****** **** ** ****** ***-********* ********* *** often ***** *** *********** ** *********.

****** *** *** ********!

* ***** ******, **** ********* ** ** ***** **** ******, is ******* ***** *** ** ***** ** ***** ****** *** i-Class ** ******. ***** ***** *** **** ** **** **** both *** ******** *-***** ******** (********* ******* **** * **** number ********* **** * *) *** *** ***** *-***** ** platform **** *** * **** ****** ********* **** * *. The **** ***** **** **** *** *** ***** ****** ******* are ******** *** ****** ******* ** *** ****** *** ** disabled ** ******. **** *** *** ****** **** **** ******* on *** ****** ** **********. ** ** ******** *********** **** any *** **** **** *** ** ******* *********** **** *-***** SE ******* **** *** ****** ****** ********.

* ***** ***** **** **** ** *** **** (** *****). But *** ******* **** ******** *************** ** ****** ** **** it ***** ** ** **** *******, ******** ** ******* ** Mifare *******, *** ****** *** ** *** ******* **** ********. Why ***** *** ******** ** *** * **** ** *** DES ************** ***** * ******* ** * **** ( ****** read & *****), **** * ****** *** *** *** ****** (EV1/2) ** ********* **** ******** ****, ***** *** ****** ****?

********** **** *** ************ ** **** ******* ******* **** ** Proxmark, ***** *** ******** * ****, ******** *** ********** ** a ****** *** *** ****.

**** ** *** *** ******** *** *******, *** ***** ** you *******, *** *** ******* **** ******* ***/* *** *** cards *** *******.

** *** *** ******** *** *******, **** **** ** ******* OSDP.

******, *** *** ****** *** ***** ***** ***/* ******* ** Seos? ** ** * ********.

** *** *** ** **** ******** ******* *** **** "*** would **** ************ ** ** ******* ***", ***** "**", * believe, *** *********** ****. * ***** ** ********. *** **** even ** ****? *'** *** **** ******** **** ****.

** ***** ** ** **** **** ** ****** ****** *** well ********. *'** **** ******** ***** ** **** ****** ** remain ****** **** ** ****** ******* *** *'** ***** * don't **** ****** ***** ****** ** **** **** ** ******** guess.

* ******* *** ********** ** *** ************* "****-*******" ** ******* which **** **** **** ***********. ** *** *** ***** "********-*******" SE ******* ***** *** **** ***** ** ****** *** ****** are *********. **** ******** * ****** ********* **** *** *********** to ****.

******* ***** * ******* ******* ***** ******* * ********** **** older ***********, ** ****** ******* *** **** ***** ******** ** used, *** **** *** ********* ** *** **.

*** **** ************ **** ** ***, ****** **** *** ******** (I ******* **** ** * ******** ***********) ** *** ****** to ***** **** *** *** *********, *** ***** ***** ********** is ******** **** ********* **** *** ************ ** ***** ** is *******.

********* ** ***** ** ***** ************, ** **** ** *** questions **** **:-

*** ***** ** ****?,

**** *** **** ******?,

** **** ***** ** ***** ******** ****?,

*** **** ** ******** *********?

*** *** * ****** **** ** * ******?,

*** *** *** ************* ******** *** ******** *** ******?.

*** **** ***** ** ********** ********* ** ** *** ** this *****, ** ***** *** ******** ** *********, ***** *********** to ******** *******, *** ******* ********* *** ***** **** **** their *********. ************ ** **** **** *** ********* ** ******, and *** ************* *******.

* ***'* ***** ** *** ** ****** ********* ***** ** "It ***** ** ** ****" **** *** ********* *** ******** that *** ***** ** ** * ******** ** *****?

*'* *** ****** *** ********* ** **** ** **** ****** pretending ** **** ** **** ** ******. **** **** ** cursory ******* ** ***** **** ******* ***. * ********** ****** **** ***** ******** ** ****. *** **** ******** translate ** ********* ****** ******. ** *** ** *** ** security ***** **** **** ****** *** *** "************ * ****** and ******** **********" *****'* **** ** *** "*********** *********". *'* certainly *** **** ********* *** ** *** *****. ************* *** is ****** ******** ** *** ** *** **** ******** ******** vendors *'** ****** ** ***'* **** **** ** ******** ***** NXP, *** ***** **** ** ************* ** *** *** ***** details ** *** **** ****.

** *** ** *** **** *** *********. ** ************* ** that **** *** **** *** ****** ******* *** (*** **** about ***) ********* ***** *** ** ******* **** *** **** if *** ** ******. * ******* **** *** **** ***** investing ** ********, ********, *** "*******". *** **** **** *** common ******** ** *** ****** ******.

* ******* **** *** *** ********* *** *****, ***** ***** keys *** ***** ** ** ****** ** ******* ** **** as ***********. *** ** *** ******* **** * ***'* **** of ******** **** *****'* ******* ****.

**** ******* *** "***********" *******. **** ************ ****** **'* *** master ***. *** **** * **** ****** ***. ******* ****** the **** ** **** **** **** *** ***. **** ***** it *** ***. ****, * *******, *** *** **** ******** encryption ********** (****, ***, ***).

*'* *** **** ***** "******** ********** ****". * ***** ******* both *** ******* ****.

*** *'* ****** ********* ******* *** *** **** ******* ******* review ********* *** ************** ** ******* ********. * ******* *** hasn't, ***** ******'* ** **** **********.

** ******* ** **** ** **** ** ********** ****. ******* 1) *'* **** ********** ** *** ***** *** *) *'* actually ******* ** * ******** *** ******* **** ** *** conclusion ** ***** ** **** ** *******. * **** ** hard ** *** * ***** ******* ** *** ***** ******* of **** ********* **** * ********* *****. *** *** ******* I ******** ***** ** ****** **** ** **** * ****** who *** ******* ** ***-**-*** ******** *** ******* ** ** me (*******, ***********, ********, ********, ***).

*****, ** ***** ** ***************, * ***** ********* ***** *** with * ***** **** ****** ***, **** ****** ******** ************ to ** ********* ** *** ****.

*********** * ********* * ***** ***** *********** ** **** ****** the *** ********* ****. **** *** ** ****, ******* ********** or *******.

******* ** ****** ***** ****** ******* ** * *********** ****, i.e. ** **** ** *** ******.

** *** **** *** *********, *** ****** ****** **** ***** for *** ********.

******** **** ** ********** *** ******* * ***, ***** **** be ******* ******* ** *** *** *** ****** ************.

** (***.*******.**.**) **** ******* ** *** ** *** *** *** credential ********** ****** ***** ** *******, *** * ** ***** of ** ***** *** ****** ***** ** *** **** * Platinum *******.

** ** ********** *** **** ********* ***** ***** ******** ** go "*****" **** ********** ** ********, *** **** ******* **** in ****-****** *****.

**** **** ** ********* (*.*. ** *** ***** *** ****) yet **** ** ******* ** ***** ********* ** *** ***** of *** ******* ** * ***, *** ** ********* ** suitable ********* *** ***** *** ***********.

****** *** *** ********! *** *** ******* ** * *** more **** ** *** **** *****

"******* ** ****** ***** ****** ******* ** * *********** ****, i.e. ** **** ** *** ******"

* **** ** **** **** ****** ***** ****. *** ** this ********? ** **** *********** * ****** ******* *** ****** and ***** **** ***** *** **** ** **** **** ****'* in ** ******* ****?

****** ** *** **** **** ********* ** *** *** **********. There *** * ********** *'* ***** **. ***** ** ** understanding *** ******* ** **** *'** ****/********* ********* *** ******.

******** ********. **** ** *** *** *** ***** ******* ***** the **** *** *** **** ****** *** ******* *** *********** regardless ** ****/*******.

*****/***** **. **** ** *** ******* ***** *** ******* * custom **** ******** **** ******** *** *** ***. **** ******* and ***** **** ** ******* ******* **** *** *** *** programmed **** *** *******. * ******* *** ** **** ******* your ********** *** *** *** ********** ** *** *****. ***** you're ** ****** ***** *** ******** ***, *** *** ***** trusting *** ** **** ****** *** *********** * ***** *** of **** **** *** *****.

****** **** ********. **** ** *** **** ** *** ***** except *** *** ** *** *** **** ******* *** ***. Obviously **** **** ******** *** *** ****. ***'** **** ********** hardware/software. *** *** *** ***'* **** ** ***** * *** party **** **** ****.

******* *** ** ********* ******* *** ******* ***** **** ******* configuration ***** ** *** ****.

*****/***** ** **** *** ** *** *** *** ***** ** the ********. ****** *** ******* *** ********** ** *** ******* as ****.

*** ****** **** ******** **** ******* ** *** ******** *** also ** ***. **** *** ******* **** * *** *** user ********* **** ***** **** ******** *** ***. ******* ** this, *** *** **** **** *** **** ********* ** *** actual ** *** ***, **** **** *****. * ******* *** Elite ******* ******** ******* ** ********* ** ****, **** ** the *** *******.

* ***** **** **** ****** ******** ** *** ********* ** who *** ** ****, *** **** ** ******** **-*******, *** how ** ****** ****.

****, *'* *** ******** **** ** **** ** ** ***, I ***** **** ***** ** ******.

*****, * ******* *** *** ********** *** ***** **** ******, which *** *** **** ******* ********** ** *** *** ***** which ** ***** ** *** *** ***.

** ** **** ** *** ******* *****, **** ******* ******** to *** **** ** ***** ******** ******* ** ***** * paraphrase, ***** *** **** ************ ** ****** * **** ******, which ** **** ** *** **** ** ****** * ****** random *** ** *** **** (** **** ** *****) ** control *** ***********. *** *** *** ** ****** ** * tightly ******* *******, ***** ******** * *** ***. *** **** client ******* ******* * ****** ******** *** ***, ***** **** control, *** *** ***** **** ****** ***** *** *** ****** set *** ****** *** *** ********** *********** ** *******, ********* the ****** *** ****** *****. **** ******* **** *** ******* is ********** *********. *** ****** *** *** ****** ***** *** be ********* **** *** **********, ***** ****** ** **** ***** and *** ** ****** ** * ******* ****, ** * controlled ****, **** ******* *** ** *** ***** **** *** key ****** ***** *** ****/******. * **** *** ** ** this *** ******* **** * *** ******.

** ** **** **** ** *** **** *****, ***** ** available ** ********** ***** *** *** ********, ** ** ** anonymous, *** *********** ** *** ****** *** **** *** **** approved ** *** **** ** *** ** (******** ********** ** NIST), *.*. **** ********** ******** ** * ***** *****. *********** can ****** **** *********** *** *** *****, ** ***** *** users *** ** ** **********.

** ** *********** *******, *** **** *.*.* ******** ****, *** I *****'* **** ** ********* ** ****** ** ******* (*** union ** ****/******* **** ******** ********** **** ***** ***********), *** Deister ********* **** * ****** ****** * ****** *** ***** can ******* *** ** ***** ******* ** *********** ******, ******* only ***** **** *** ******, *** ********** ** ****, ****** a ***-**** *** ** **** *** ****** *** *** * reader, **** ****** *** **** ****** ******* (** **** **** this ** ** ** *** ****** *** ** ********* ** the **** *******) ** * ****** *****, ** ****.

**** *** ****** ******* ** ******* ****** *******(***), ***** ** an ********* ***-*********, * **** ***** **** * * **** panel **** * ***, *** *** ****** ************ **** ******* on ****** ******** ** ***** ********* ******, ** **** **** news, ** **** ********** ******* ** *** ******** ****** **** security *** ** ******** ** ********.

*** ******* *** ********** ****** * *** **** **** *** does **** *** ***** ** ******** *** ****** *******. *** encoder *** * *** ******. **** ***** * ***** **** sounds ********* ** ** ** *** "******** *** ***". * think *** **** ***** **** **** *** ******** ******* **** they *******. *** **** *** ******* **** **** **** *** custom ****. ******* *.******** ******* *** **** **** **** *** ****** ******* ** the ********.

* ***** *** ****** **** ** *** **** ** *** list ** "*** *** *******".
** ** **** ***** **** ****** ******* (***** ** ********** with **** *** **** **** ********** *** *** ******** ** physical ****** *******) ** *** *** *******.

* ***** **** *** **** ****** **** ** **** **** open **** *** *********, ***** ******* ** *** ********* **** complete ******** *********** ***** ***** ****** *** ** *********. ***** is ** "******** ** *********" ***** ** ***, ** ** based ** ****** *** ******. ** *** **, ** ***** much **** ********** **** * **** **** ********** ****** *********** HID *********.

***, *'* ** ******, ** ***'* **** *** ********* ****, Mifare ****** ***** ** *********** ****, ** ******* ** *** own ******* *** **.

*********, ** ** *********** **** *** **** *** ********** ******* NXP *** ***, *** ** * ********, ************ *** ******** of ***** **** ********* **** ** ****** **** *** *******, whereas *** ******* *** ************ ***** *********. *** ****** ******** was ******** ** ****** ****** *** **** ********** ** ********. Therefore **** ** *** * ***** **********.

**** ********** ** *** ***** ** *** ******** *** ***** to, *.*. *** *** ******* ** ********** ******* *** ** selling ** *** ***** *** ***********.

* *** *** ****** ***** ** ***** ****** **** *** Access ******* ************, ** *** **** ********** ******* ****** **** and ******* ** ********** *****, ********* ** ********** ** *** cost ** *** **** *** * ********* ****, *** *** readers *** ** **** *********. *** **** ****** ** *** Mifare **** ** ** *** ********* **** *******, *** *** problem **** ******* **** ********* ******** ****** ******** ****** *******, providing * **** **** *** ************.

***** *** *** *** ******* ***** ***, **** *** *** for **.

** ** *** **** ***** ** *** **** **** ***** is ** ******* *************, ******* **** *** ** ********** ** be * "**** ****".
***-**** ******* (***** *** **** *****) ** **** ** ****** are ******** ** ****, *** ******* ** ****** ***** *** companies *** ********* **** *******, ** *** **** **** ********* cost ***********.

* **** **** ******* ** **** ******* ** ******** ****** control ** ******* ***** **** ****. **** *** ***** ***** DESFire ** ***** "*******" ****** *** * **** ** ***** that **** ** **** ** ****. * ***** ********** ***, is ***** ********* **** **** ********** *******?

** *** *** ** ***, ** *** *** ** *** day * ***** * ***** **** * ***** ** ******* NXP-based ***** **** *** ****** *****. ********* ******** - * never ******* ** ******* *** **** ********* ******* *** ** HID (*'** ***** * ****** ** *****), *'* ***** ** speak **** ****** ****** ** ****** **** *** **** ****** me **, *** **** ***'*, *** *'* *** **** ** works **** *** **** **** ** *********. * **** ** trust ****, **** ***'* ***** ** *** ***** ******. ** for ***-***** ******** *'* ***** *** * **** ************ ******, just * ***, *** ** ** ********* **** ********** *** me, ****'* *** ** ** **** *********** *** ** *** I *** ********* ** ** *********. ** *** *** ** the *** * **** *** *** * ****** ****** *** I ****** ******** ***** *** ** ***** ******* ** ******.

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This directory provides a list of VSaaS / cloud video surveillance providers to help you see and research what options are available. 2019 State...
OSDP Access Control Guide on Jun 04, 2019
Access control readers and controllers need to communicate. While Wiegand has been the de facto standard for decades, OSDP aims to solve major...
Vidsys New President Interviewed on May 31, 2019
A decade ago, PSIM was hot with projections then of a billion dollar market by now. This has not come close to happening. However, Vidsys, one of...
China Jaywalking Facial Recognition Guide on May 27, 2019
News reports touting the PRC's AI prowess often showcase facial recognition cameras being used to automatically catch and fine jaywalkers.  In...
Security / Privacy Journalist Sam Pfeifle Interview on May 24, 2019
Sam Pfeifle is best known as the outspoken former Editor of Security Systems News. After that, he was publications director at the International...

Most Recent Industry Reports

Repositionable Multi-Imager Camera Shootout - Avigilon, Axis, Dahua, Hanwha, Hikvision, Panasonic, Vivotek on Jun 19, 2019
Repositionable multi-imager cameras are one of the fastest growing segments in video surveillance, with a slew of new offerings being recently...
Genetec Synergis Cloud Link - Complex, Costly and Confusing on Jun 18, 2019
Genetec's Synergis Cloud Link is complex, costly and confusing compared to competitor access control architectures. Inside this note, we examine...
Startup Vaion Launching End-to-End AI Solution Backed with $20 Million Funding on Jun 17, 2019
An EU / USA video surveillance startup, Vaion, founded by ex-Cisco Senior Directors is launching an end-to-end VSaaS platform with $20 million in...
Biometrics Usage Statistics 2019 on Jun 17, 2019
While face and fingerprint recognition are used regularly for smartphones, it is not as common in physical security. In this note, we examine...
The Scheme Hikvision and China Importers Use To Avoid Tariffs on Jun 17, 2019
Hikvision and numerous China importers are avoiding 25% tariffs by including an SD card slot in their IP cameras to claim they are 'digital still...
Sighthound Transforms Into Enterprise AI Provider Profile on Jun 14, 2019
Sighthound is now rapidly expanding its R&D team, building an enterprise AI service. This may come as a surprise given their origins 6 years...
ADT Eliminating Acquired Brands, Unifying Under 'Commercial' Brand on Jun 14, 2019
ADT is eliminating the brands of the many integrators it has acquired over the past few years, including Red Hawk, Aronson Security Group (ASG),...
NSA Director Keynoting Dahua and Hikvision Sponsored Cybersecurity Conference [Canceled] on Jun 13, 2019
The technical director for the NSA’s Cybersecurity Threat Operations Center will be keynoting a physical security cybersecurity conference that is...
Farpointe Data Conekt Mobile Access Reader Tested on Jun 13, 2019
California based Farpointe Data has been a significant OEM supplier of conventional access readers for years to companies including DMP, RS2, DSX,...
Embattled $400 Million China Funded Philippines Surveillance System Proceeds on Jun 13, 2019
An embattled 12,000 camera surveillance system project that will cost ~$400 million will proceed.  The project contract was awarded, had its...

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