Vulnerability Directory For Access Control Cards

Author: Brian Rhodes, Published on Aug 14, 2017

Knowing which access credentials are insecure can be unclear, especially because most look and feel the same. Even the most insecure 125 kHz types are still widely supported, and using 13.56 MHz smartcards is no sure guarantee the format has not been hacked.

In this report, we take a deeper look at:

  • Why To Stop Using 125 kHz Formats
  • Which 13.56 MHz Formats are Uncracked (So Far)
  • The Cracked 13.56 Types Still Widely Used
  • Why No Formats Are Uncrackable
  • Thousands Are Working On Hacks
  • High Technology Skills Needed
  • Steps To Defend Against Hacks

We cover these points inside.

125 kHz Riskiest of All

While the vulnerability of specific 13.56 MHz formats is mixed, older 125 kHz are highly vulnerable to pragmatic copying with cheap and widely available components. We covered the risk in our Hack Your Access Control With This $30 HID 125kHz Card Copier test, and then how to address the vulnerability with the Hackable 125kHz Access Control Migration Guide.

Common 125 kHz Formats Are Insecure

The list of vulnerable, unencrypted 125 kHz formats used in access is substantial, easily reaching into millions of credentials still in use daily. The common formats include:

******* ***** ****** *********** *** ******** *** ** *******, ********** because **** **** *** **** *** ****. **** *** **** insecure *** *** ***** *** ***** ****** *********, *** ***** 13.56 *** ********** ** ** **** ********* *** ****** *** not **** ******.

** **** ******, ** **** * ****** **** **:

  • *** ** **** ***** *** *** *******
  • ***** **.** *** ******* *** ********* (** ***)
  • *** ******* **.** ***** ***** ****** ****
  • *** ** ******* *** ***********
  • ********* *** ******* ** *****
  • **** ********** ****** ******
  • ***** ** ****** ******* *****

** ***** ***** ****** ******.

125 *** ******** ** ***

***** *** ************* ** ******** **.** *** ******* ** *****, older *** *** *** ****** ********** ** ********* ******* **** cheap *** ****** ********* **********. ** ******* *** **** ** our**** **** ****** ******* **** **** $** *** ****** **** Copier****, *** **** *** ** ******* *** ************* **** *********** ****** ****** ******* ********* *****.

Common *** *** ******* *** ********

*** **** ** **********, *********** *** *** ******* **** ** access ** ***********, ****** ******** **** ******** ** *********** ***** in *** *****. *** ****** ******* *******:

[***************]

Formats *** *** *******

*** **** ** ******* ****** ******* ********* *** ******* ** hacked ** ***** *** ******** ***** **** *****:

*** ****** ****

***'* ****** **.** *** ****** *** *** ** ** ****** and ********* ** ******* ***** ********** *****. *******,**** **** ******* ******* ******* '**** *************', *** ******** ******* [*,*,*] ***** '** ** *****' ** ********** ** ******** *****.

****** ******* ***(********* ****)

**** ******** *** **.** *** ****** *** **** ****** ******* outside ***** *******, ** ***-********** ****** ******* *******, *** **** less-expensive ****-************** ****** *********** *** *******, *** **** ***-*** *** encryption *** ******* **** *******.

****** ******* ***(********* ****)

**** '**** ***' *** ****** ****** ** ***** ******** ********** related ** *** *********** ** ********** ** *** **********, *** does *** *********** ******** ************. ** *******, ******* ******** ** use *** *** **** **** ***, ******** *** *** *********** is **** *** *** ********* ** ********* ** ****** *******.

Formats ************ *******

*** ******* ****** ** ******** ** *** ****** ******** ** integrators *** ********. *** ******* ***** **** ** **** ** systems **** **** ******, *** *********** **** ** '******' ** access *************:

****** ******* *******

********* ********* ****** ******* ******* *** *********** ****, **** *** *** **** ****** ********** ** *** PACS ******, **** **** ***** ******** *** **.** *** ********* format ** ****. *******, *** ****** ** ********** ******** ******** keys ******** *** ******* ** *********** **********. *** ****** ** still ********* **** *********** *******.

*** ****** ***** (*** **/**** *******)

*** ****** ** ********** '****' **** ***'* ******** **.** *** format ***** ******** ******* *** ***** *** *** ********** ******* in *** '***** ** ********' *****. **** ******** ********** ********** *********** *** ** ******* on *** *****. *** ***** ***** ***** ********** ***********, ******** the **** ****** **/**** ****** *** * ********* ****** *** multiple ****** ** ********** ** ******* ******* ********.

No ******* *** ***********

******* ** ****** ** '**********' ** '**********' ***** **** *** often ********* ***** **** *** ******** ** *** ******, ** credential ******* ****** ** ****** ** '***********'. ***** ***** ******** from ******* *** ********* ******* *** ********* ** ******** ******* essentially '******* *** ***** ******' ** ********* *****, ******* ** hack **** *** ******* *** **********.

** ****** ****, *********, ** ********** ****** ****** ******* *********** secure, *** ******** ********-****** ***************** ******** ********* ** *******.

Cracking ********* ******* ** ****** *********

*** ********* *** ****** ****** ** ***** ********* ******* ********* use ******** ***** *********** **** ******* ******** ***********, ********** ***********, and ********* ***** ** ****.

*** ** *** **** ******* ********** **** ******* *****, *** open-sourced*********,*** **** ********** ** *** ***** ****:

** ****** ** ******* *** ***** ***** **** *** ********* is *** ****** *** *********. ** *** *** *** ******* fairly ******** **** ***********, ******** ***********, **** ** ****** *** ISO *********, **** ****** **** ******** ***** *** **** *********** than ******** **** ! ***** **** ** *** ********** *** basic ********** ****** **** *** **** ********** ***** *** ******.

*** ***** ******* *** *** **** ******** *****, **** ****** not ****** * '***** *** *****' **** ******, *** ****** a *** ** ********** **** ******* **********, ********, *** ******** that **** ** ********** ******** *** ****** ********** *******:

**** *** ***** *********** *** *** *******, *** *****, *****-****, and **** ** *** ******* *********, **** ***$** **** *** *** ******** ****** **** ********* *******:

*******, *** *** '***** *** *****' ******* *** ***** ** access *******. *** *******, ** ****** ********** (**.*****) ********** *** *** **** **** ****** ****** *******, ******* *** claims ** ******* ********, ********* *******:

The ******* ********* ** *****

******* ** *** '*********' ********* ** ********* ********** ** ******* mechanical *****, ***** *** ********* ****** *** ******** *********** *** contribute ** ******* ****** ***********.

*** ** *** ****** ****** ***** ***** ***** ****** ** the******** ********** *********, **** ********* ** ***** *** ******** ** ***** ***** month, ***** ************* ******* ** ******* ******** *** ******* *** multiple ******* (********* ******, ******, *****, *** *** ***********) **** place.

***** ****** *********, **** ****** ********* *** **** ** ******. Multiple ******* ******** *** ** ***** ** ******, * ***** and ***** ****** ************* ****** ** ***** ************. ***** ***** are **** ******** ** ********** ********, ** ******* *** ***:

******* *******

Significant ****** *** ** ********

******* ********* *** ********* **** ** ******, ** **** ******** access *** ************ ** ********* ** ***** ******. *** *******, one ** *** **** ******** **** ******* ** ********** ******* keys **** ****** ******* ******** ********** ****** * ******* ** splicing *** ****** **********.

*** **** ****** *******, *** ********** *** **** ****** ** use **** ****** ** * **** ************* ********* *** ****, as *** ****** ***** ** ****** ******** ** ***********.

*** **** ******** *** **** ******* ***** ***** ***** ** processing. **** ******* *** **** ** *** ** * ******* (with *********** ***), ***** ****** **** ******** ***** ** **** **** (**** the***** ***** **** ******* ****).

High ***** **.** ****** **** ** ***** *******

*** *** *********** ** **** **** *** **** ***** *** devoted ****** **** ** ***** ********** *******, *** ******* **** to ********** ****** ******* ** ******** *** ******* ***** ***** takes ****.

*******, *** $** *** *** ****** *** ** **** ** seconds *** ****-********, ** ***** ******* ****** ** *******. *** for **.** *** *******, **** ***** ******* ******, ***** ** time, ******** ****, *** ******** ************ ** ******* ** ***** required.

*** **** ********* ******* ******* *******: ******** ***** ************** ******* of **** ****, '**** ***' **** **** ********, ** *** reissue ***********, *** **** ***** **** **** *** ********* ** installed ******* *** ***********.

Comments (22)

***** **** ******** **** ** ****** ***** :) ***** ** still *** ************* ** ****** ** ********** ***** **** ** also *** *****. ******* ************ *** *** ** ******* ********* a *** ... ** ***** ***** ** *** **** *** to *** **********.

*** ** ****** **** *** ****** ** * *** ** people (****** ********). ** ****** ***'* ******** *** ***** ******* to **** *************** *** *** "***** *** *****" **** ** that **** ** **********.

*** ***** **** ** ******** ** ********* ** ********* ***** day. ********* ******** **** *** ********** ** ** **** ****** peer ****** *** ******** ****** ****** *** ****.

***

***** *** *** ** *** ********** :

****://***.*************.***/****-***-***-********

*** ******** **** ******** ********* (************) *** *** *** ** sim **** **** "***" *******. ** **** *** ****, *** high ******** ***** ***** *******...

*****

*** ***** **** ** ******** ** ********* ** ********* ***** day. ********* ******** **** *** ********** ** ** **** ****** peer ****** *** ******** ****** ****** *** ****.

**** ** *** *** '*****' ********* ******'* '***** ** ********'****** *****. ** ******** **** **** ******* ****** ** * particular ***** ** **** ** * ***** ***********, ****** ******* used ** ***** ***** **** ************ (**: *** ****, ***/***** passes) ***/**** ** ******** ******* ******** ******.

***** *** *** ******* *** **** ** *** *******.

* ***** ** **** ****.

***** *******,

*. *****'* ****** *****. * **** ** ** **** ************ iClass *********** *** * ******** ******** *******. ** ***** * bit ** ****** *** *** *** **** *** **** ***** require ******** ******* ***** *******.

**** **** *******, * ****** ** ******* ******, ***** **** links ** *** ********* ***** ****** ** **** ** ******, ( * ***** *** ******** ***** ** **** **** *******) and ****** *** *********** ****** **** *** ****** ***** *** weak ** *** ** *** ******** ** *** ********** *******, which ** *** **** ***.

**** ******* ** ******** *** **** ** **** ******, *** cryptographic ****** *** ** ******, *** *** ******* *** ** do **** ** ** ****** *** ****.

*** **** ****** **** ** *** ********* ** ********* ***/*, a ****** ******** ** ** **** ** *** ***** ******* on *** ******** *****, *** ***** ** *** *********.

**** *** ******* ****** ******** ** ** **** **** *****, which *** ** ******** *** ****, *** **** ** * XP *******( **** ******** *** **). * **** ******** **** package ** **** ** **** **** ********, *.*. ** ********** site ***** ***, ******* ***********, *** ******.

****** *** *** ******** ****!

** *** **** * ***** ** *** ********* ********** ****** SE **** ***?

** ******** ******** ******, * ****** ******* ******** *** **** partially **********, *** ***** ** * **** '*****'.

** *** *** ****, ** ** *** ***** * ***** is ***** ******** *** ****?

****** ** ** ********* * ****** *********** ** ******** *******. In ****** *** ******** ********* *** *** ** ***** ***** similar ******* ** *** **** *** *** ********* *******, *** then ***** ** * ****** *********** *** *********, ***** ** currently **** *** ******* ** *** ******. ****** *** ******* utilise * ****** ************** ******, ***** ***** ** ********** ** Side ******* *******, ** ***** **** *** ****** ****. *** from ** ************* ***** ******* * ****** ********.

******* *** ****** *********** ** ***** ******** ** *** **** and *** ******* **** ******** **** **** ** *** **** for *** ** *********** ** ********, *** **** *** ** achieved **** *** ***** ****.

********, **** *** ********* *** ** ***** *** ****** *** be ******** ***** * ********, *** ****** **** *** *** contents, *** *** ***'* **** ** ** ******* **** **** you **** *** ****** ** **** ***** ******** ** *** back ** *** ****....

**** ** ******* ** *** ******, *** *********** ******* ******, except **** *** *********** ** *** ******* *** ********* *** CSN, ** ******* * ******* ** *** ******** ** ******* soft ******* *************** ** ********, *** ****** ***** ** ** focussed ** ******** ***/* **********. ** *** *********** **** *** likely ** ****** ******.

********** ****** ** ***** * *** ******* **** ******** *******, and **** ******** **** *** ****** ******** **** *** ************* have ******** **** *** **** ** ****** *** ******** ****** on.

* ***** ******* ***** ********** **** * *****'* *** ****** to **** ** *****, *** ***** * **** **** **** allowed ****** *********, ********* *** ****** *** *** **********.

** * ******** ****, **** **** * **** *** **** looks **** ****, *** * ** **** ********* **** *** won't **** *** ******* ** ******, ** **** **** *********** under ***, ** **-*** ***** **** ** ******** **.

**** * ***** **** ********* ** ** ******* ***, *** we **** ** ***** ** ********* ******** **** ** ***** counters **** ** ********* **** ** ****, *** ******* ***'* put **** ** *******.

***********. **** *** *******, ** ***** ** *** ********** ** divulging *******, *** ****** ********** ***** ** ** ******* *******. Even ***'* ** ****** **** ** ****** ***-********* ********* *** often ***** *** *********** ** *********.

****** *** *** ********!

* ***** ******, **** ********* ** ** ***** **** ******, is ******* ***** *** ** ***** ** ***** ****** *** i-Class ** ******. ***** ***** *** **** ** **** **** both *** ******** *-***** ******** (********* ******* **** * **** number ********* **** * *) *** *** ***** *-***** ** platform **** *** * **** ****** ********* **** * *. The **** ***** **** **** *** *** ***** ****** ******* are ******** *** ****** ******* ** *** ****** *** ** disabled ** ******. **** *** *** ****** **** **** ******* on *** ****** ** **********. ** ** ******** *********** **** any *** **** **** *** ** ******* *********** **** *-***** SE ******* **** *** ****** ****** ********.

* ***** ***** **** **** ** *** **** (** *****). But *** ******* **** ******** *************** ** ****** ** **** it ***** ** ** **** *******, ******** ** ******* ** Mifare *******, *** ****** *** ** *** ******* **** ********. Why ***** *** ******** ** *** * **** ** *** DES ************** ***** * ******* ** * **** ( ****** read & *****), **** * ****** *** *** *** ****** (EV1/2) ** ********* **** ******** ****, ***** *** ****** ****?

********** **** *** ************ ** **** ******* ******* **** ** Proxmark, ***** *** ******** * ****, ******** *** ********** ** a ****** *** *** ****.

**** ** *** *** ******** *** *******, *** ***** ** you *******, *** *** ******* **** ******* ***/* *** *** cards *** *******.

** *** *** ******** *** *******, **** **** ** ******* OSDP.

******, *** *** ****** *** ***** ***** ***/* ******* ** Seos? ** ** * ********.

** *** *** ** **** ******** ******* *** **** "*** would **** ************ ** ** ******* ***", ***** "**", * believe, *** *********** ****. * ***** ** ********. *** **** even ** ****? *'** *** **** ******** **** ****.

** ***** ** ** **** **** ** ****** ****** *** well ********. *'** **** ******** ***** ** **** ****** ** remain ****** **** ** ****** ******* *** *'** ***** * don't **** ****** ***** ****** ** **** **** ** ******** guess.

* ******* *** ********** ** *** ************* "****-*******" ** ******* which **** **** **** ***********. ** *** *** ***** "********-*******" SE ******* ***** *** **** ***** ** ****** *** ****** are *********. **** ******** * ****** ********* **** *** *********** to ****.

******* ***** * ******* ******* ***** ******* * ********** **** older ***********, ** ****** ******* *** **** ***** ******** ** used, *** **** *** ********* ** *** **.

*** **** ************ **** ** ***, ****** **** *** ******** (I ******* **** ** * ******** ***********) ** *** ****** to ***** **** *** *** *********, *** ***** ***** ********** is ******** **** ********* **** *** ************ ** ***** ** is *******.

********* ** ***** ** ***** ************, ** **** ** *** questions **** **:-

*** ***** ** ****?,

**** *** **** ******?,

** **** ***** ** ***** ******** ****?,

*** **** ** ******** *********?

*** *** * ****** **** ** * ******?,

*** *** *** ************* ******** *** ******** *** ******?.

*** **** ***** ** ********** ********* ** ** *** ** this *****, ** ***** *** ******** ** *********, ***** *********** to ******** *******, *** ******* ********* *** ***** **** **** their *********. ************ ** **** **** *** ********* ** ******, and *** ************* *******.

* ***'* ***** ** *** ** ****** ********* ***** ** "It ***** ** ** ****" **** *** ********* *** ******** that *** ***** ** ** * ******** ** *****?

*'* *** ****** *** ********* ** **** ** **** ****** pretending ** **** ** **** ** ******. **** **** ** cursory ******* ** ***** **** ******* ***. * ********** ****** **** ***** ******** ** ****. *** **** ******** translate ** ********* ****** ******. ** *** ** *** ** security ***** **** **** ****** *** *** "************ * ****** and ******** **********" *****'* **** ** *** "*********** *********". *'* certainly *** **** ********* *** ** *** *****. ************* *** is ****** ******** ** *** ** *** **** ******** ******** vendors *'** ****** ** ***'* **** **** ** ******** ***** NXP, *** ***** **** ** ************* ** *** *** ***** details ** *** **** ****.

** *** ** *** **** *** *********. ** ************* ** that **** *** **** *** ****** ******* *** (*** **** about ***) ********* ***** *** ** ******* **** *** **** if *** ** ******. * ******* **** *** **** ***** investing ** ********, ********, *** "*******". *** **** **** *** common ******** ** *** ****** ******.

* ******* **** *** *** ********* *** *****, ***** ***** keys *** ***** ** ** ****** ** ******* ** **** as ***********. *** ** *** ******* **** * ***'* **** of ******** **** *****'* ******* ****.

**** ******* *** "***********" *******. **** ************ ****** **'* *** master ***. *** **** * **** ****** ***. ******* ****** the **** ** **** **** **** *** ***. **** ***** it *** ***. ****, * *******, *** *** **** ******** encryption ********** (****, ***, ***).

*'* *** **** ***** "******** ********** ****". * ***** ******* both *** ******* ****.

*** *'* ****** ********* ******* *** *** **** ******* ******* review ********* *** ************** ** ******* ********. * ******* *** hasn't, ***** ******'* ** **** **********.

** ******* ** **** ** **** ** ********** ****. ******* 1) *'* **** ********** ** *** ***** *** *) *'* actually ******* ** * ******** *** ******* **** ** *** conclusion ** ***** ** **** ** *******. * **** ** hard ** *** * ***** ******* ** *** ***** ******* of **** ********* **** * ********* *****. *** *** ******* I ******** ***** ** ****** **** ** **** * ****** who *** ******* ** ***-**-*** ******** *** ******* ** ** me (*******, ***********, ********, ********, ***).

*****, ** ***** ** ***************, * ***** ********* ***** *** with * ***** **** ****** ***, **** ****** ******** ************ to ** ********* ** *** ****.

*********** * ********* * ***** ***** *********** ** **** ****** the *** ********* ****. **** *** ** ****, ******* ********** or *******.

******* ** ****** ***** ****** ******* ** * *********** ****, i.e. ** **** ** *** ******.

** *** **** *** *********, *** ****** ****** **** ***** for *** ********.

******** **** ** ********** *** ******* * ***, ***** **** be ******* ******* ** *** *** *** ****** ************.

** (***.*******.**.**) **** ******* ** *** ** *** *** *** credential ********** ****** ***** ** *******, *** * ** ***** of ** ***** *** ****** ***** ** *** **** * Platinum *******.

** ** ********** *** **** ********* ***** ***** ******** ** go "*****" **** ********** ** ********, *** **** ******* **** in ****-****** *****.

**** **** ** ********* (*.*. ** *** ***** *** ****) yet **** ** ******* ** ***** ********* ** *** ***** of *** ******* ** * ***, *** ** ********* ** suitable ********* *** ***** *** ***********.

****** *** *** ********! *** *** ******* ** * *** more **** ** *** **** *****

"******* ** ****** ***** ****** ******* ** * *********** ****, i.e. ** **** ** *** ******"

* **** ** **** **** ****** ***** ****. *** ** this ********? ** **** *********** * ****** ******* *** ****** and ***** **** ***** *** **** ** **** **** ****'* in ** ******* ****?

****** ** *** **** **** ********* ** *** *** **********. There *** * ********** *'* ***** **. ***** ** ** understanding *** ******* ** **** *'** ****/********* ********* *** ******.

******** ********. **** ** *** *** *** ***** ******* ***** the **** *** *** **** ****** *** ******* *** *********** regardless ** ****/*******.

*****/***** **. **** ** *** ******* ***** *** ******* * custom **** ******** **** ******** *** *** ***. **** ******* and ***** **** ** ******* ******* **** *** *** *** programmed **** *** *******. * ******* *** ** **** ******* your ********** *** *** *** ********** ** *** *****. ***** you're ** ****** ***** *** ******** ***, *** *** ***** trusting *** ** **** ****** *** *********** * ***** *** of **** **** *** *****.

****** **** ********. **** ** *** **** ** *** ***** except *** *** ** *** *** **** ******* *** ***. Obviously **** **** ******** *** *** ****. ***'** **** ********** hardware/software. *** *** *** ***'* **** ** ***** * *** party **** **** ****.

******* *** ** ********* ******* *** ******* ***** **** ******* configuration ***** ** *** ****.

*****/***** ** **** *** ** *** *** *** ***** ** the ********. ****** *** ******* *** ********** ** *** ******* as ****.

*** ****** **** ******** **** ******* ** *** ******** *** also ** ***. **** *** ******* **** * *** *** user ********* **** ***** **** ******** *** ***. ******* ** this, *** *** **** **** *** **** ********* ** *** actual ** *** ***, **** **** *****. * ******* *** Elite ******* ******** ******* ** ********* ** ****, **** ** the *** *******.

* ***** **** **** ****** ******** ** *** ********* ** who *** ** ****, *** **** ** ******** **-*******, *** how ** ****** ****.

****, *'* *** ******** **** ** **** ** ** ***, I ***** **** ***** ** ******.

*****, * ******* *** *** ********** *** ***** **** ******, which *** *** **** ******* ********** ** *** *** ***** which ** ***** ** *** *** ***.

** ** **** ** *** ******* *****, **** ******* ******** to *** **** ** ***** ******** ******* ** ***** * paraphrase, ***** *** **** ************ ** ****** * **** ******, which ** **** ** *** **** ** ****** * ****** random *** ** *** **** (** **** ** *****) ** control *** ***********. *** *** *** ** ****** ** * tightly ******* *******, ***** ******** * *** ***. *** **** client ******* ******* * ****** ******** *** ***, ***** **** control, *** *** ***** **** ****** ***** *** *** ****** set *** ****** *** *** ********** *********** ** *******, ********* the ****** *** ****** *****. **** ******* **** *** ******* is ********** *********. *** ****** *** *** ****** ***** *** be ********* **** *** **********, ***** ****** ** **** ***** and *** ** ****** ** * ******* ****, ** * controlled ****, **** ******* *** ** *** ***** **** *** key ****** ***** *** ****/******. * **** *** ** ** this *** ******* **** * *** ******.

** ** **** **** ** *** **** *****, ***** ** available ** ********** ***** *** *** ********, ** ** ** anonymous, *** *********** ** *** ****** *** **** *** **** approved ** *** **** ** *** ** (******** ********** ** NIST), *.*. **** ********** ******** ** * ***** *****. *********** can ****** **** *********** *** *** *****, ** ***** *** users *** ** ** **********.

** ** *********** *******, *** **** *.*.* ******** ****, *** I *****'* **** ** ********* ** ****** ** ******* (*** union ** ****/******* **** ******** ********** **** ***** ***********), *** Deister ********* **** * ****** ****** * ****** *** ***** can ******* *** ** ***** ******* ** *********** ******, ******* only ***** **** *** ******, *** ********** ** ****, ****** a ***-**** *** ** **** *** ****** *** *** * reader, **** ****** *** **** ****** ******* (** **** **** this ** ** ** *** ****** *** ** ********* ** the **** *******) ** * ****** *****, ** ****.

**** *** ****** ******* ** ******* ****** *******(***), ***** ** an ********* ***-*********, * **** ***** **** * * **** panel **** * ***, *** *** ****** ************ **** ******* on ****** ******** ** ***** ********* ******, ** **** **** news, ** **** ********** ******* ** *** ******** ****** **** security *** ** ******** ** ********.

*** ******* *** ********** ****** * *** **** **** *** does **** *** ***** ** ******** *** ****** *******. *** encoder *** * *** ******. **** ***** * ***** **** sounds ********* ** ** ** *** "******** *** ***". * think *** **** ***** **** **** *** ******** ******* **** they *******. *** **** *** ******* **** **** **** *** custom ****. ******* *.******** ******* *** **** **** **** *** ****** ******* ** the ********.

* ***** *** ****** **** ** *** **** ** *** list ** "*** *** *******".
** ** **** ***** **** ****** ******* (***** ** ********** with **** *** **** **** ********** *** *** ******** ** physical ****** *******) ** *** *** *******.

* ***** **** *** **** ****** **** ** **** **** open **** *** *********, ***** ******* ** *** ********* **** complete ******** *********** ***** ***** ****** *** ** *********. ***** is ** "******** ** *********" ***** ** ***, ** ** based ** ****** *** ******. ** *** **, ** ***** much **** ********** **** * **** **** ********** ****** *********** HID *********.

***, *'* ** ******, ** ***'* **** *** ********* ****, Mifare ****** ***** ** *********** ****, ** ******* ** *** own ******* *** **.

*********, ** ** *********** **** *** **** *** ********** ******* NXP *** ***, *** ** * ********, ************ *** ******** of ***** **** ********* **** ** ****** **** *** *******, whereas *** ******* *** ************ ***** *********. *** ****** ******** was ******** ** ****** ****** *** **** ********** ** ********. Therefore **** ** *** * ***** **********.

**** ********** ** *** ***** ** *** ******** *** ***** to, *.*. *** *** ******* ** ********** ******* *** ** selling ** *** ***** *** ***********.

* *** *** ****** ***** ** ***** ****** **** *** Access ******* ************, ** *** **** ********** ******* ****** **** and ******* ** ********** *****, ********* ** ********** ** *** cost ** *** **** *** * ********* ****, *** *** readers *** ** **** *********. *** **** ****** ** *** Mifare **** ** ** *** ********* **** *******, *** *** problem **** ******* **** ********* ******** ****** ******** ****** *******, providing * **** **** *** ************.

***** *** *** *** ******* ***** ***, **** *** *** for **.

** ** *** **** ***** ** *** **** **** ***** is ** ******* *************, ******* **** *** ** ********** ** be * "**** ****".
***-**** ******* (***** *** **** *****) ** **** ** ****** are ******** ** ****, *** ******* ** ****** ***** *** companies *** ********* **** *******, ** *** **** **** ********* cost ***********.

* **** **** ******* ** **** ******* ** ******** ****** control ** ******* ***** **** ****. **** *** ***** ***** DESFire ** ***** "*******" ****** *** * **** ** ***** that **** ** **** ** ****. * ***** ********** ***, is ***** ********* **** **** ********** *******?

** *** *** ** ***, ** *** *** ** *** day * ***** * ***** **** * ***** ** ******* NXP-based ***** **** *** ****** *****. ********* ******** - * never ******* ** ******* *** **** ********* ******* *** ** HID (*'** ***** * ****** ** *****), *'* ***** ** speak **** ****** ****** ** ****** **** *** **** ****** me **, *** **** ***'*, *** *'* *** **** ** works **** *** **** **** ** *********. * **** ** trust ****, **** ***'* ***** ** *** ***** ******. ** for ***-***** ******** *'* ***** *** * **** ************ ******, just * ***, *** ** ** ********* **** ********** *** me, ****'* *** ** ** **** *********** *** ** *** I *** ********* ** ** *********. ** *** *** ** the *** * **** *** *** * ****** ****** *** I ****** ******** ***** *** ** ***** ******* ** ******.

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HID Launches Origo To Fix Mobile Credential Problems on Feb 05, 2019
HID is releasing Origo, an overhaul of its mobile credential platform, this time drastically restructuring the way it is priced and packaged. HID's...
Designing Access Control Guide on Jan 30, 2019
Designing an access control solution requires decisions on 8 fundamental questions. This in-depth guide helps you understand the options and...
Access Control Turnstiles Guide on Jan 28, 2019
Turnstiles control pedestrian access to secured areas, essentially becoming moving portions of fences, walls, or barricades for physically stop...
Genetec Favorability Report 2019 on Jan 25, 2019
Genetec's favorability moderately strengthed, in new IPVM integrator statistics over their results from 2017, with 2019 results showing solid, but...
Testing Bandwidth vs. Frame Rate on Jan 23, 2019
Selecting frame rate has a major impact on surveillance bandwidth and storage consumption. But with smart codecs now common and cameras more...
Mobile Surveillance Trailers Guide on Jan 17, 2019
Putting cameras in a place for temporary surveillance where power and communications are not readily available can be complicated and expensive....
Testing Bandwidth Vs. Low Light on Jan 16, 2019
Nighttime bandwidth spikes are a major concern in video surveillance. Many calculate bandwidth as a single 24/7 number, but bit rates vary...

Most Recent Industry Reports

Casino Surveillance Pro Interview: James Lathrop on Feb 15, 2019
James Lathrop has been working in casinos for almost 25 years. During that time, he says he has held "just about every job you can do in the...
Hikvision 2018 Revenue Tops $7 Billion USD But Growth Slows To Low on Feb 15, 2019
Hikvision's annual revenue topped $7 billion for the first time in 2018, although growth slowed sharply. In this post, we analyze the latest...
Hanwha Smaller Multi Imager Tested (PNM-9000VQ) on Feb 14, 2019
Hanwha's first repositionable multi imager PNM-9081VQ tested well, but was huge, over 12" wide and weighing in at over 10 pounds. Now, they have...
ADT And 'The Defenders' Silent About Massive Complaints on Feb 14, 2019
ADT's largest dealer, "The Defenders" has been the subject of a massive number of complaints over many years and many forums, most recently a CBS...
Hikvision Chairman Praises United Front on Feb 14, 2019
Hikvision’s controlling shareholder held a meeting last month praising the United Front, a Communist Party organization known for its secretive...
Sales Turnover At Anyvision on Feb 13, 2019
Anyvision raised a $43 million Series A and according to their newest investor: what you need to do is push the gas pedal and build an...
Cisco Meraki Cloud VMS/Cameras Tested on Feb 13, 2019
Cisco Meraki says their cameras "bring Meraki magic to the enterprise video security world". According to Meraki, their magic is their management...
Uniview / UNV Favorability Results 2019 on Feb 12, 2019
Uniview / UNV, the self-proclaimed #3 China manufacturer, while starting late, has been working to make inroads internationally. In IPVM's 2019...
Nortek Mobile Access Reader BluePass Examined on Feb 12, 2019
Nortek's Linear access control division claims to make mobile credentials "more secure and easier to use than ever before" with their BluePass...
Solink Raises $12 Million - Company Profile on Feb 12, 2019
Most industry professionals have never heard of Solink, a company whose tagline is: It's time to revolutionize the way business uses...

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