VMS and VSaaS Architecture Guide

By Sean Patton, Published Aug 19, 2021, 01:58pm EDT

While VMS and NVRs are the most common choice for new surveillance projects, VSaaSes are growing. Understanding their architecture and related strengths and weaknesses is critical to making surveillance decisions.

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In this 19-page guide, we explain the pros and cons of VMS and VSaaS architecture designs:

  • VMS / VSaaS Management
  • VMS / VSaaS Recording
  • VMS / VSaaS Monitoring
  • VMS / VSaaS Analytics
  • VMS / VSaaS Cybersecurity
  • VSaaS Lock-In vs Open
  • VMS / VSaaS - Perpetual Licensing vs Subscription

This is part 1 of our new VMS / VSaaS course starting in October.

********

*** *********** ************ ********** between *** *** ***** is ***** **** ** controlled. *** ** ********* defined ** '***********' ******** that *** ******* ** your *** ***** ******** while ***** **** ** the ********'* ********. *******, both *** **** ********** that *** ********* ** different *********, ** *** cloud ***/** **-*******.

***** *** ******* *** similar ** **** **** offer ******** **** ******** surveillance ****** ************* (*.*. recording, *******, *** ********** interface ******* *******, *********, and *****) *** *** placement ** ********** ****** fundamental *********.

Management - *** / *****

********** ** ******* ** a ******** *********** ***** surveillance ******, ******* *** or *****, ******** **** approved ***** *** **** video, ********** ****** *************, recording *************, *** ****** health. *******, ******* ***** are ******* **-******* *** VSaaSes *** ******* ******* the ***** ***** *** some ******** **** *** cons *** ****.

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VMS ********** ****

******* *********** ***** *** designed ** ** ****-********* on-site *******, **** ***** that ******** ************ ** not ******** **-******* ** log **, **** ****** changes, *** **** ******* and **********.

***** ********* ***** **** advanced ********** ******** *** sophisticated ****** ************ **** VSaaS. **** ********* ***** deeper ************* *** ***** client ************ **** ******** features. *** *******, **** now *+ ******* ** development, ***** ********* **-**** with * **** ***** of ******* *** ************ (from ********* ** ****** control ** ****, ***, RADAR, ***.)

VMS ********** ****

*******, ******** **** *** management ********** *** ****** servers, ***** *** ******** by ********** **** *****-****** VSaaS, *** ******* ** expensive **********-******* *****.

************, ******* ***** *** traditionally ********* **-******* ****** and ****** ********, ***** need ** ** ******** updated, ***** ******** ********** resources *** ********* ***** the ****** ******* ****** the ******* *******. ********, thick ****** ******** *** be ********* ** ****** of *********, ***** *** require ******** **** **, or ************ **** ** services ** ****** ** automatic ****** ********* ***** the ********'* ******* ******.

VSaaS ********** ****

******* ***** *********** ****** management ** * ******** feature *** ********* ***** plug-and-play ************ *** *******/*******, providing ****** ****** ** cameras *** ******* ******* proxy/direct *** **********. ******* server ***** ** * core ********* ** ***** over ***** ** ***/**** of *** ***** ********** software ** ** *** cloud.

**** **** *******, *** cameras (** *******) **-**** will *****-**** *** * required ******** **********. ********* them ** * ******** customer's ******* ** ********* via ******** ** * serial ******/****** **** **** is ******* ** *** device. **** ******* **** offer * ** **** capture ** ***** ****** app, ** ********* ***** and ********** *** *******.

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************, ******** ******* *** automatically ******* ** *** VSaaS ******, *** ********* do *** ******* *** action **** * **** or **********. **** ************* simplifies *** ****** *********** and ****** ******* ******** to **** *********** *****.

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**** ***** ***** ************ to ***-********/************-******* ***** ************* or ************ ******:

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***** ** *** ******** are ********* ***** ******* of *********** **** *** party *******, ******** **** APIs *** ****-********** ********* for ************* ******* ********* systems.

VSaaS ********** ****

***** ***** ********* *** theoretically ******* ******* ************ as *********** *****, **** cloud-first ***** **** ********** user *** **********, **** limited **** ************* **********, minimal ******** **** ********, and **/******* *** ***** camera *******.

***** ******* **** **** advantages *** ************ ***** above, ******* **** *** party ****** ******* *** intrusion ******* ** *** have ********/***** ***********, **** VSaaS *** *********** ******* to *********** **** ***** cloud-hosted ****** ********* ** require ******* **-**** ** cloud ************.

Recording - *** / *****

***** ********* ** ******** to *** ******** ** VMS/VSaaS ******* **** ******* are *** ********* ****, and ***** *** *********** differences ******* *** *** where ***** *** ***** record.

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VMS ********* ****

***** *** ** ******** as ** ***-**-*** ****-********* recording *********, ******* *** additional ******** ** ******** connectivity. ************, **** *** typically ** ********* ** commercial-off-the-shelf *********. **** ****** hardware *********** ** ***** your *** ******, ***** on ********* ******** ********** or *************.

*** ******* *** ** broadly ******** **-**** ***** NAS *** ****, *** supporting **** *******, ****** recording *****, ** ********** camera **********/*******. *** ********* is ********* **** ********* than *****, ****** **/******* recurring ****.

VMS ********* ****

********* **-******* *** ********* for ****-**** ******* ** often ******* ***/** ******** a *********** ******* *******. Recording ******** (*.*. *******, hard ******) **** **** be ********** *** ********, and ******** ** * single ****** *** ****** in ***** ***** ******* and ********* ****.

********* **** ******** *** servers ****** * ***** number ** ****-******* ********* is *********** *** ************* increases ******** ************ *** support *****.

VSaaS ********* ****

***** *** *** *********** types ** *****: ****** and ******* - ***** depend ** ***** *** video ** ******, **** with ******* ****.

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  • ******* ***** ** **** the ***** ** ***** stored **-**** ** ** traditionally *** **** *** managed ** *** *****.
  • ****** ***** ** **** the ***** ** ****** in *** *****, *** on-site, ** **** ** managed ** *** *****.
  • ****** ***** ** **** the ***** ** ********* stored **-**** *** ********* in *** *****.

******** ** ****** ** hybrid *****, ******* ***** recording ***** *********** ********* by ******* *** ***** storage **-**** ***** ******** remote ***** ********** *** secure ****** **********. **** managed ***** ** *** require **** ************* ******* no ******* ** *******.

****** ***** ******, ***********, unlimited ***** ******* ********, because ******** ** *** limited ** ******** **-**** and *** ** ******** by ********** **** ***** in *** *****.

****** ***** ****** ******* positive ******** ** ******, secure ****** **********, *** cloud **********, *** **** has ********* **-**** ******* that *** **** ********** in **** ** ** Internet ****** *** **** upload **** *********** ** the *****.

VSaaS ********* ****

******* **** ****** ** cloud ******* (****** *** Hybrid) ******* *******/****** ********* subscriptions ** ******** ****** to **** *** ******** video. ********, ********* ******** for ****** ********* ** purchasing ********** ***** ******* can ** *********.

****, ** *** ***** Internet ** **** ***** recording (*** **** **********) are ****. ********, ******** upload *** **** ******** and ***** ** * practical ***** ** *** number ** ******* **** can ** ********* ** a ********:

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*** *******, **** ***** testing *** ***** ****** upload ********** ****** **** 0.2Mbps ** ***** *** camera, ********* ** ********, resolution, *** ****** ************:

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** ******** ********* *** H264/H.265/smart ***** *** **** increased ** ****, **** is ******** **** ** an *****. *******, ******** bandwidth ********* *** *** symmetric (********** ** ********) and *** **** ************* based ** *** ****** or ****.

******* **** ****** ***** use * ****** ** connect ** ***** ********, there ** ********** ******** compared ** **** ******-**** Hosted *******, ***** **** complexity *** ***********. ************, most ****** ***** ******* monthly/yearly ********* ************* ** maintain ****** ** **** and ******** *****.

Monitoring - *** / *****

******* **** *** ******** video ** * **** feature ******* ** ***/*******, as *** ******* ******** for **** ********-******* *****. However, ******* ***** *** primarily ******* **-******* *** VSaaSes ********* ******* ******** for *******, ***** *** some ******** **** *** cons *** ****.

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VMS ********** ****

********** **** * *** is ********* **** ******* than * ***** *** local ****** *********** ******* clients *** ******(*) ********* connect ** *** **** LAN. *****, ** ********, are ********* **** **** dedicated ***** ****** ********, which ********* ******** * deeper ***** ** ***********, more *********** ******* (*.*. hotkeys, ******, ************ ******** support), *** ******* *** monitoring (*.*. ******* ****, access ******* ******).

********, ******* **** *** dedicated ********, ******** ******* to ***** ********* *** browsers *** *******.

VMS ********** ****

*** ******* ******** ** monitoring **** *** ** that ****** ********** ******** using * *** ** opening ******** ***** *** client *********** (*** ********** ******* ****** *** Video ************ *****).

*******, ***** ************** ***** surveillance ** ****** **-**** via ***, **** *** adding ******** **** ***** own ***** ********** ***/** remote ********** '***** ****' capabilities ** *********** ****** Managed *******:

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**** ******** **** ***** prior ** **** *** no ***** ********* ** offering. *** **** ** cloud ** ****** ********** was *** ******** ** a *****, ***** *** historically **** ******* ** low-count *** *** *********** markets, **** ****** ******** and ******* ****** *******.

VSaaS ********** ****

** ******, ******* ***** users ** ****** *** video **** * ******* without ****** ** ***** a *** ** ******** details ** ***** *** local ********** *********** (**** as ** *********). **** makes ** **** ****** for ***** ** *** their ***** **** ******** they *** (*** *** just ****** ***** **********).

********, **** ******* ******** use *** *******, ***** do *** **** ********** and *** ******** ************* in *** *****, *** this ****** *** ******** and ********** ************ ******* having ** **** *** a ***** ****** *********** update.

************, **** ******* ***** thick ******* ***** ********* support **** ******* ******** (e.g. ******* *** ******), and **** ** ** installed *** ******* ********* to *****.

VSaaS ********** ****

***** ***** *** **** remote ********** ****** *** often **** ****** **** on-premise *******, **** ********* challenges *** **-**** ********** because ***** *** **** to **** **** *** VSaaS ****** (**** *** Internet), *** ******** **** the ******. **** *** result ** ************* ****** download ********* ** **-******* clients **** **** ******* local *******.

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************, ******* ** ************* configurations, *** *******/******* *** often ******** ** **** accept *********** **** *** cloud ******, *** * web ******* **** ** an **-**** **.

**** ***** ***** ****** LAN ******* ** **** offer * ***** ****** that ******** ******** ************ to *********** ********, ** by ********** * ***** security ***********, *******, ***** add ********** *** ******* local ************ *** *************.

Analytics - *** / *****

***** ***** ************ *** stronger ********* *********, ****** and *** ***** ************, in **** **** ******* have ********** ********* ** a ********, ** ********** proprietary ** ******** ******* and *********** ********* ***** processing.

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VMS ********* ****

******* ***** *** ******** installed **-*******; ***** ******* and/or ********* ********* ********** offer ****** ******** ********* without ********* ******** ************. Single ************ ***/****** ******* also ***** ********** **** monitoring *** ***** ********* of *** ******** ******.

********, **** ***** ***** a ***** ***** ** support *** *** ***** analytics **** ****** ************* or ***** ********* ********* (e.g. **** *********** *** LPR).

** ********** ***** **-*******, higher ********** *** ***** rate ***** *** ** analyzed ******* *********** *** to ******** ****** *********. Depending ** *** ***********, this *** ******** ********, or ******** *** ****** of ****** ********** *** to *** ***** ****/***** quality.

VMS ********* ****

***** **** ***** ***** highly ******** **-***** *********, server-based ********* ******** ******* high-cost *** *** ***, which **** *********** ******* hardware *****. ********, *** analytics *** ******** ** additional ********* *******, ******** to ********* ** ******* per *******, *** ******** with **** *** ********.

**** ***** *** ***** analytic *********** ** ******* offered ** *****, **** is **** *******, ***** connecting ** * ********* camera ******, *** ******** accessed **** *** ***, which ******** ***-******* ***** configuration *** ******. ****, 3rd ***** ******** ***** integration ** ***** *******, with ****** **** ***** search, ** ** ******* available ** *** ******* VMS ******.

VSaaS ********* ****

***** ***** ** ****** to ****** / *** analytics. *** *****, **** higher/unlimited **********, ********** ******** about ************ ********** ********** on-site (* **** ******* for *** *******) ** deliver ***** *********.

********, ******* *** ************ bundling ********* **** ***** recording. **** ********** *** need ** ********* *** party ********* (***** *** be ****** **** ** terms ** ********** *** setup) ** **** ******* the ***** ****** *** surface ***** ***** ******** functionalities *** *****.

VSaaS ********* ****

*******, ***** **********, ************ public ***** ******* (******, Google), *** ** **** expensive. *****-***** ********* ******** typically **** ******* $**-$** per ****** *** *****. Internet ****** *** **** increase ******** ** **-******* VMS ********* ***** **** limit *** ****** ** cameras **** *** *********** be *********.

******* ** *** ********** of *********** *** ************* concerns, *** ***** ******** integration ** ******** **** VSaaSes. ** ****, ***** typically **** **** ** leave *** ********* **** the ***** ********, ***** frequently *** *** ** good ** ****-**-***** ********* (though ********* ** ************* lower **** *** ********** to ***).

Cybersecurity - *** / *****

************* ** * *** issue *** ***** ************ systems, **** ********* ***************, hacks, *** ******* ** the ****. ***** *** VSaaSes ******** ******** ************* in ************* ********* *******.

VMS ************* ****

** ******* ************ ****** access, **** ***** *** not ********* ** *** internet ** ***, ******* of ** * ******* separate ***. **** ******* risk, *** *** **** service **** *********, ** updates ** ************ ******** and ********, ******* ****** downloaded, **** ** ****** from *** ** ***** means.

**** ***** *** ********* behind * ********, ***** limits *******/******** ******* ** only ******** ** ********* and ***** ***** **** been **********. ***** ******* is ********. ******** ***********, this *** ******* **** cyberattacks. **** ******* *** other ************ *********, ** is ********* ** **** the ******'* ******** ** to ****.

************, **** ******** ***** are****** ****** ***** ********, like ***** ****/****** ******.

VMS ************* ****

*** **** ****** ******* vulnerability *** * *** is ******** ********* ***** on ** *** ** VMS, ***** *** ****** through *** ****'* ********/******. See ************ ** ***** ************ Cybersecurity *************** *** *********** ******** ** ***** issues.

***** **** ******* ******** updating *** ****** *** client ********, ***** ** often **** ****-********* *** results ** ********* ****** outages.

VSaaS ************* ****

******* ******* *** ******** accessible ****** **** ** Internet ********** *** ** not ******* ******** ************* or * *** ****** to ******* ** *** cameras, **** ***** **** less ********** ** ************.

************, ******** *** ******** vulnerabilities *** ** ********* much ******* *** ******** by *** ***** ******, without ****** **** * user ** **********.

VSaaS ************* ****

***** ***** *** *********** are ******* ** ***** providers **** *** ** breached **, *****, ***** trust ** ****** ** their *********, ******* ***** systems *** ****** ********* to *** ********.

********, ** ** ******** that ******* (***** *** providers) ******** ****** *** strong ********* *** ********* because ******* ** ** so *** ****** ** a*********** ****** ** ********. *******, **** **** often ****** ** ***********/******** for ******** ***** ****** to ****** ***** ** emergency **********.

VSaaS - ****-** ** ****

**** ****** ***** ********* lock ***** ** ** customers ** **** ********** their *** *********** ******-**-***** IP *******. *** ******* only ******** ** **** if ***** ******** ***** respective ***** ******* ** view *** ****** *****. If ***** ** *** pay *** **** ** stop ****** *** ****, the ******* *** ** longer ** ****** *** video ********. ************, ****** offerings **** ****** ***** are ********* ******* ** the ***** ** ********* features, **** *******, *** camera *****.

**** **** ****** *** Managed *****, * ******* appliance ** **** ** you *** ****** **** using *** *****'* *** camera ******** ** ***** a *****-***** ******. ******** their *** ******* *** offer ******** ** ***** of ****** ***********, *******, and ****** *************** *** the *****/**** *** ***** choose ******* *******'* ** cameras ******* ****** ******* or *****.

********* ** ***** *** locked ** **** *********** cameras.

VMS / ***** - ********* ********* ** ************

******* ****** *** ****** VSaaS ******* ***** ******* and ****** ********** ***** are ********** ************ *****, while ***** *** ********* pay-once ********* ********, **** Microsoft *******/****** ******** ********.

Perpetual ******* ** ************ *****

******* ** *** ***** ranges ** *******, ** is ******* ** ******* compare ******* *** ***** and *** ******* ******* at ******** *********. ************, licensing ** ********* * smaller ******** (*.*. **% - **%) ** ******* system **** **** *******, servers (*** ***), ********** and ************ ***** *** factored **.

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VMS ********* ******* ****

***** *** **** *** up-front **** ******* ********* costs. **** ***** ***** do *** **** ** budget *** *********** ******** costs ***** **** *** the ***. **** ** also ******* *** *********** because **** ** *** have ** ********/****** *** collections ** ********* ************ costs *** ************ ****** subscription *******.

VMS ********* ******* ****

******* ***** *** ********* paid *** *** ** once, **** ****** ** large ******* ***********. **** means **** ***** *** often ********* ** *******, even ****** **** *** just ********, ********** ***** enterprise *******.

****, **** ************ ****** ******** *********** contracts ** *** ***** updates ** *******, *** ***** *** not ******** *** *** system ** ******** *******.

VSaaS ************ ****

*** **** ***-*****, ********** IT-focused, *********** ****** ***** are ****** ** ****** than *********** ******* *********** every *-** *****. ** long ** *** ****** of ******* **** *** increase *************, **** *** plan *** ******* ****-**-**** costs *** *** **** of *** ******.

VSaaS ************ ****

*******, **** ***** *** accustomed ** ***** ******* expense ********* *** ** not **** ** *********** lease * ****** **** will **** ******* ** they ** ***/****** *** the ************ ***. ********* on *** ***-****, **** pay-forever ***** *** ** difficult ** ******, ** simply ** ************.

Comments (1)

**** *****. ******, ****.

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