IP Camera Long Distance Ethernet Test

Author: John Scanlan, Published on Aug 12, 2016

Many often ask about running Ethernet beyond its standard distance of 100 meters for UTP, especially when cameras are 400', 500' or more away.

Will it fail? 

How We Tested

We tested lengths of Category 6 and 5e cables starting at 1000' (~300m), down to 300' (~90m). Plugs were directly connected to both ends, with three tests performed:

  • Camera test: We first tested whether cameras would power up and maintain link with a switch, whether pings were received reliably, and whether we could access the web interface/live video. Cameras tested included: 720p, 1080p, 4MP, fixed, PTZ, integrated IR, 802.3af and 802.3at.
  • Laptop test: Next, we connected two laptops together via the length of cable to see if they maintained link and check connection speed using iPerf.
  • PoE test: Finally, we measured voltage and wattage using a PoE tester at the far end of the cable to see if power over Ethernet was being properly delivered over the length of cable.

Cat 6 (yellow, below) and 5e (blue) were both used to check for differences in performance due to category rating or simply larger gauge (23 AWG vs. 24 AWG).

See our results inside.

**** ***** *** ***** ******* ******** ****** *** ******** ******** ** 100 ****** *** ***, ********** **** ******* *** ***', ***' or **** ****.

**** ** ****? 

How ** ******

** ****** ******* ** ******** * *** ** ****** ******** at ****' (~****), **** ** ***' (~***). ***** **** ******** connected ** **** ****, **** ***** ***** *********:

  • ****** ****:** ***** ****** ******* ******* ***** ***** ** *** ******** link **** * ******, ******* ***** **** ******** ********, *** whether ** ***** ****** *** *** *********/**** *****. ******* ****** included: ****, *****, ***, *****, ***, ********** **, ***.*** *** 802.3at.
  • ****** ****:****, ** ********* *** ******* ******** *** *** ****** ** cable ** *** ** **** ********** **** *** ***** ********** speed ***** *****.
  • *** ****:*******, ** ******** ******* *** ******* ***** **** ******** *** *** *** ** *** ***** ** *** ** power **** ******** *** ***** ******** ********* **** *** ****** of *****.

*** * (******, *****) *** ** (****) **** **** **** to ***** *** *********** ** *********** *** ** ******** ****** or ****** ****** ***** (** *** **. ** ***).

*** *** ******* ******.

[***************]

Key ********

** *** ***** ** ****** **** *** ******** ***', ** found ******* *** ********:

  • ******** ***** ********* *** ******** ** ***' ** ******** ******* of ******* **************.
  • **** ******* *** **** ** **** ******* *******, ** *** properly ********** ***** * ***' ***** ******.
  • ********* ******* *** *********** ********* **** ***** **** **** ****** *** standards-compliant *******.
  • *** *** ******** ********* ** *,***' (*** ******* ****** ******), but *** ******.
  • **** *** ** *** * ********* ********* ** *** *****, with ** ********* *********** ******* **** ** *** ********.

What ********* ***

****** *** ** ** ** ****** **** **** (~***') ********* to ******/***-*** ********. **** **** ** ********* ** ******* *** ********** ***** (installed *****, **** ***** ***** ** ******) ** **** ** up ** *** ** ***** ******, ****** ** *** **** of ** ******* ** ****** ******* ******, ***** ****** *** often *** ****, ********* ******** ******** ** *** *****. *** **** ******* ** ***** ******, ******* ****** *** ********** **** ********* ***** *** ***** *** ** ***** ************ *****.

Note **** ** ******** ********* ********** ****** *** ***/*** ******** *** ******* *** **** ******** **********. This test was performed to see maximum distance possible, but by violating standards you assume risk of potential future performance issues. Distances over 100m are not tested for longevity, interference issues, etc., which have been properly tested in <100m cables.

*** ***** ******* ****** ***** **** **** *** ***'/**** *****, see *** ******: **** ** ****** *** *******: *****, *** ********* *** *** Examined.

PoE ** ****'

** *** *****, *** ********** **** **** * **** *,***' box ** *****. ********** * *** **** ***** ** **** with *** ****** ** **** ******, ** *** *** **** voltage ******** *** ****** *** ***** (**-*****), *** ******* *** the **** ** ******* **** ** *******, *********-********* *********.

**** **** *** ******* *** ******** ** ******** ******* ** longer ***** ****, **** *** ** *** **, ** ***** to ********** *** ******* **** *** ** ********. ***** ******* were ********** ** **** ****, **** ******* ********** **** *** at ***' ** ** ** *,***', ***** ** *** ***** below:

******* *** *******/******* ***** ******** ********, ** **** ****** ** maintain * **** ** *,***', ****** *** ** *********** ** data *******. ******** ***** **** *** ********** ***** ***' *** shorter (see *****).

Video ******** ** ***'

************, ** **** **** ** *** ******** ********* ** ***' on *** ****** ******, ************ *** ******(**-*********-*).

***** ******* ** **** ****** *** *******, *********-********* ******* *** nearly *********, **** ** *** ********** *****. ** *** ** frame ****, **********, ** ***** ****** ** **** ******, *** or *****.

*******, **** **** **** *** ******** ** **** *** ******, with ****** ****** *** ********** (**** ** ***'). ************, ****** resolutions *** ********** *** ********* **** ****** ** ********** ******, as ********* ****** *** ** ***** **** ******* *** *******.

Reliable ** ****** ***** ** ***'

**** *******, ** **** **** ** ******* ******* ******* ******* ***** at ***' ********. **** ******** ******* *******: ****, *****, ***, fixed, ***, ********** **, ***.*** *** ***.***. *** ******* ****** at **** ******** **** ** ******* ***** *** ** ****** on ***** *******.

PC ** ** ***** ** ***'

** **** **** ** **** *** *** ** ***' ******* on **** *** ** *** *, **** ** ******* ***** and **** ********* ******* ******** ******* *** ***. *******, ****** were **** *******, **** ***** * **/*, ****** **** *********** for **** ***** *** ** **** *****.

Cat * **. *** **: ** **********

******* *** ****** **** ***** *** ****** *********, ** *** no ********* ********** ******* *** * *** ** ** *** tests. ** **** *****, *** * ******* ***** ***** **** Cat ** ** **** ********* (***'+), *** ** ** **** did * ****** ** ** ******* ** *** * *** not **.

Comments (34)

*** ***. **** *** ** *** *** *** *** *** Camera **** *** ********* ** ** **** *********. * ** not **** ******* **** ****** ******* **** ******

*** *** (*******) ******** *** ******* ******** *** ********* ********* to ********* *** *********** ** *** **** *** **********. **** IPVM *** **** *** *** (*******) ****** ********* **** *******.

******* **:

***** *** *** **** ******* * *** ** ** ** the ***** (***** *******) *********? * **** **** **** ***** things **** **** ******* **** ** ** ****** ******.

***** ********** ** ** ***** ******* *** *****/******* *** ** a *********.

* ****** **** ** *** ******** ******* ** *** *** usa ******* ******* ** ** ******** **** ******* ** ***** to **** **** ******* ** * *********.

@****. *** ****** ******* *** ******* *****? ** ** ** competition ** ** ******** *** ** **** ***** ****. *** me ****.

**** ** * **** ** ******* ********. * ***'* **** this ** **** **** * ********** ** ******** ************ *********** implementations.

*****'* *** ** *********** ********* **** ****** *** ****** ******** runs.

*, * **** ***** *** ******* **** ******** ******* *********** for *******. **'* *** *********** *** **** ****.

* **********. ****** *** *** *************. :)

***.*******.** ** ***** *** ****

***** ******* ****** ******* **** **** ********** **** ** * good ****.
********* **'* **** **** ****** **********. ********** ***** ** ******* cables ** ****.

***** *** **** ***** -*- **** ******

***** "**** **" *****. * **** * *** **** **** to ** ****** **** **** ******. **** ** **** **** look **** ***** *********** *********.

*** ******* ** **** ***** ****** ***** ***** **** **** and ********* **** ***'*. *****'* ** ********* **** ** **** work ** *** ** ****** ******.

****'* *** ******* ** *** *********: ****** **** ** ***** reliably ** *** ***** ** ****.

* **** **** **** ****** **** ******* ******* ******* **** fine. *'** **** **** * *** ** **** ****, **** time ** **** ** *** *** ****. ****'* *** *******, you ***** **** **** ** **** ** *** *** ** the ******

*'** **** ****** ****/*** ****, ** ****, *** * ***** it's ********** ***** ** *** ********** ******.

**** ** *** ** **** **** **** ** *** ******:

Note **** ** ******** ********* ********** ****** *** ***/*** ******** *** ******* *** **** ******** **********.**** **** *** ********* ** *** ******* ******** ********, *** by ********* ********* *** ****** **** ** ********* ****** *********** issues. ********* **** **** *** *** ****** *** *********, ************ issues, ***., ***** **** **** ******** ****** **

**** ***** ** ***** **** *** ***** *** *** *****?

**** *** **** ***** *******, **** *** ***** ********** (*** stranded), *** **** ** ** *** / ****** *** *** Cat5E ** ***** / *** ***.

**** **** ** ************* *** *** *** *** ** *** bigger ****** ** ****** (*******: ** *** *** ***** **** *****?) ** ** ****** ** **** ** * **** ** average ** ***** ******* **** ***** ***** *******.

***** *******! ***** **'** *** **** **** ** *** *****, it ** ***** ** *** * ********* ****** ****** **** of **** ** **** ** *** *****. * ***** ********** that **'* ********* *** ***** *** ****. **** ****, ***** have **** * *** ***** ***** ** **** * ***' run *** **** ******* ** ****** ** ******* *********.

****** *** *** ****. *** ******* ** **** ***** ** my *****, *** ******.

*********** ** *********** ******** ********* - *** **** ** *** Distance?

***** *** **** ******** **** *** ***** * ******'* **** been ** ***********.

*** *** *** * ***** ********? ** ***** ** *********** to *** **** * ****-*** *** ***** ***.

*** *** ****, *** ******* ********** *** ******** **** ******* out **** ***' ** ********* *** ***'* ******* *** ****** by ***.

****** *** ***** **** ** **** ****. ****'** ****** ********* to ****** ***** *********, ***** *** *** ****** ** ****** each **** * ********* ***** ******. **** ****** ********* ** left ** ** *** ***.

********* ******* ** **** **** ***** ********* *******, ***** **** point *** *********** ******* ***** ******* ** ***** **** *** interface *** ** ****** **** *** ******* ****** *** *** link *****.

**** ** *** ** *** **** ****** **** ******** ********* either *)********** (** ******) ** *) ******** ** ** *** ends, ***** ***** *** **** *******.

** *** *** *** * ********.

**** ** ***** ** ** * ******** ***** *** ******* much ***********, ** ******* ** * ********* **** ***** ******** push ******* *** *** *** **** **.

*** ******** ****** ** ***** ** **** **** ***** **** on ** ***** *** ****** *** ******** **** ***** ******* as ****. *** **** ***** ******* *******, ** ** ******** legally ******** ** ****** *** ****. ;)

**** **** ***** ******* **** ****** ***** ******* **** **** though *** ***** ** *** ****** ** ****** ******** *********. Our ***** ********** **** ********* **** ** ***** ** ******** cameras ********* ** *** **** *** ******. ** *** * junior ***** ******** ** ******* **** *** ****** **** ** a ******** **** ******* ******* ******** *** ***** ******* ****** of *******. *** **** ******* ** * ****** ********* *** draw ***, ** ****, **** *********** ****** ********.

*** ******* ** **** ** ************* *********, ***** ******* * report **** *****, ******* *** ********* *** ****** **** ** can ********* ****** ***** ****** **** ********** **** ********. *** TIA/EIA ******** ** ***** *** * ****** *** *** *** to **** ******* **** ** *** ** **** *****'* **** it ******.

******** **** *** ******, *****, *'* **** ** ******** ** your ******* ***** **** **** ***** ***** ************** ** ******* exceeding ***** ****** *****. ** ** ****** ** ******* ** there **** ****** ****** "****** ******** ********". ******* **** ** a **** **** **** *** ****** ***** *** *** ****** know. ******* ***** * *** *** *** ******* ****'* ****** always ** ******** ******* ********* ***** ***** ** **** ******* of *****, ** **** ********, ********* ** ********** ** *** technician/engineer ****, *** *** ***** ** * ******* ***** * test. * *** **** *** *** *** ******* ********** ***** without ***** ****** ****, *** ** *****'* ****** ******* *** is ******** ** ** * ******** ******* *** ******** *********** from *** ***** ****** *********.

**'* *** **** ***** ** **** **** ********* *** **** beyond ***** ***** *** ******* **** **** ** ****** ** always ** **. **** **** **** ** ****** ***** *** as * ************ **** ****** **** ****** ** ** **.

******. * ***** *** ******* *****, "*** ********, ** **** you're *******, **** *****; *** ********** *******'* ** **** ********."

*** *******, ****** *** *******.

*** ******* ** **** ** ************* *********, ***** ******* * report **** *****, ******* *** ********* *** ****** **** ** can ********* ****** ***** ****** **** ********** **** ********.

**, *** *** ******* ** **** *** *********** ** *** there ********** ** ****, ** ** ******* **** ** * question ** *** *********** ******** **** ** **** ******* **** if **** *** ** **** ** *** **** *******.

*****'* ****** **** **** ****** **** * ****** **** "*********" (and * *** **** *********** ** **** *** ****) ***** to "*******" ****** ** *** ************** ******, **** **** ** considered. ****-**-**** ******** *** ** ***** ** ******.

*** ************* ***** *** ********* ******* ***** **** ******; ******** yourself ** **** * ***** ** **** *** ******... ********, some ***********, *** **** * ****** *************** (******** **-*****), ** a **** **** ** ** ********** **** *** ********, *** something *** ****** *******.

******* ********** ** ***; *** ******** **** *** *** ****** agree **** ***, ** **** ******* ***, *** *** **** confidence **** *** ****** **** ** ******, **** ****'** ** their *** *** ***** **** *** ********** **-**** **********.

******* **'* *** **** *** **** ** **** *** *** properly ******** ** *** ************, ** **** **** *** ** there ***** **** ********** ******* ****, *** **** * ****** down *** **** *** *** *** ******** ****...

** **** **** "****" **** **** ***** *****,************** **** ****, *** ** *** ***** ******* **** **** factual *********** **** ******* **** ****.

***'** **** *** ******** ** * **** **** *** ********** relationship **** **** ****.

*'* **** **** ****** *** ******. **** ***'* ****** ** answer ** *** ********.

** * ************, *** * *** **** **** ** ************* * ******** ************, ***** ******** *********.

* **** *** * **** ** ***' ** *****'* **** because * *** * *** ******* * ****** ** **** distance ******* ************* ***** ** * ******** ********** ** ********.

He **** ** ****** **** ****** ******** ********* ** *** ******* ***.

********* **** **** *********, *** ***** **** ** **** ******* with **** ****. *** *** ** **, *** **'* ******** not * **** ****.

**'* **** ***** ***** ** * ***** ****, ** ***** until ** *****'*

**'**, ** **** **** ******* *** *******?

**** ** *** **** ** **** ***** ** ** ***** one ******* ******** **** ***** ***** ** (****** *** ***) geared ** ****** *** *** ****** **********.

*** ***** ** ** ****** (*** ****** **** ) *** this **** *****. *** ************ ** ********* ** ** **** the *** ***** ********** ** *********** ** *** *** *****: These *** *** ***** *** ***'* ****** "**** ****" **** switches.

** *** **** ** *** ****** **** **** ** ** way ********** >*** ***** *******. *** ********** ** * **** one: **** ***** ** **** **** *** *** ***** **********. If ******* ** ***** *** ************* ****** ** *** *** article *** ** *********** ** ****** ** ********** ** ****.

***** *** *** ***** *** ****, *** ********* **** ** links ** *** *******. **** ***** *** * **** ********* for ****** ** *** ******.

**** *********** *****/**********.

** *** ******* ***** *** ********* *** ********* ** *** only *** ** **, ** *** ** ** ******* * recently ********** ** * **** ********** ***** ******* ** *********, 4 ** *** ******* **** ***** ***** **** ** ****+ that **** *** ******* ** ***. ***** ******* *** ********* been ******* *** * ****** ** ****** **** * ** one **** *******.

*'** **** **** ** **** ***** * **** ************ **** marginally ******** **** (***+) ****** **** *** * ****** ** months *** **** ******* **********. *'* ** ********** ** ****** out **** ******* ****** *** ******* ** ***** ** *** physical ************ ******** ****. *** ***/*** ***** ****** **** **** a ***** **** ****** *** ********* *** ******* ******* ** work ** *** *****. *** ** ******* * ***** ****** to ******* ********.

******* **** ** ******** ********** *** **** **** ***** ******* have **** **********, * ***** **** ** ******* ** ****** to **** **** **** ****** ******* **** ******* *** *** distances *** ****** ** ***** ****.

**** ** ***** ****** **** *** *** *** *** **** an ********* ******* ***** **** *** *** ********, *** ******** developed *****. **'** *** * ****** ***** ** ******* **** occasionally ******** *** *** ** **** ****** *** ****'* **** up ***** * ****** ****** **** ******** ** *** ******. We **** ******** * ****** *** * ****** ** *** instance.

** ******* *** * **** *** *** **** **** **** were ***** *** ** *** **** *** ***** *** ****** 360ft *** *** ***** ****** *****.

****** *** *** ****.
***. ******* ******* ******* ******** ** **** ****?
****** ***** **** ****** *** **** ***** ***** **** *****??
**** ******** ****** ** **** ***** *** ******** ******* ** theory.

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