IP Camera Long Distance Ethernet Test

Author: John Scanlan, Published on Aug 12, 2016

Many often ask about running Ethernet beyond its standard distance of 100 meters for UTP, especially when cameras are 400', 500' or more away.

Will it fail? 

How We Tested

We tested lengths of Category 6 and 5e cables starting at 1000' (~300m), down to 300' (~90m). Plugs were directly connected to both ends, with three tests performed:

  • Camera test: We first tested whether cameras would power up and maintain link with a switch, whether pings were received reliably, and whether we could access the web interface/live video. Cameras tested included: 720p, 1080p, 4MP, fixed, PTZ, integrated IR, 802.3af and 802.3at.
  • Laptop test: Next, we connected two laptops together via the length of cable to see if they maintained link and check connection speed using iPerf.
  • PoE test: Finally, we measured voltage and wattage using a PoE tester at the far end of the cable to see if power over Ethernet was being properly delivered over the length of cable.

Cat 6 (yellow, below) and 5e (blue) were both used to check for differences in performance due to category rating or simply larger gauge (23 AWG vs. 24 AWG).

See our results inside.

**** ***** *** ***** ******* ******** ****** *** ******** ******** ** 100 ****** *** ***, ********** **** ******* *** ***', ***' or **** ****.

**** ** ****? 

How ** ******

** ****** ******* ** ******** * *** ** ****** ******** at ****' (~****), **** ** ***' (~***). ***** **** ******** connected ** **** ****, **** ***** ***** *********:

  • ****** ****:** ***** ****** ******* ******* ***** ***** ** *** ******** link **** * ******, ******* ***** **** ******** ********, *** whether ** ***** ****** *** *** *********/**** *****. ******* ****** included: ****, *****, ***, *****, ***, ********** **, ***.*** *** 802.3at.
  • ****** ****:****, ** ********* *** ******* ******** *** *** ****** ** cable ** *** ** **** ********** **** *** ***** ********** speed ***** *****.
  • *** ****:*******, ** ******** ******* *** ******* ***** **** ******** *** *** *** ** *** ***** ** *** ** power **** ******** *** ***** ******** ********* **** *** ****** of *****.

*** * (******, *****) *** ** (****) **** **** **** to ***** *** *********** ** *********** *** ** ******** ****** or ****** ****** ***** (** *** **. ** ***).

*** *** ******* ******.

[***************]

Key ********

** *** ***** ** ****** **** *** ******** ***', ** found ******* *** ********:

  • ******** ***** ********* *** ******** ** ***' ** ******** ******* of ******* **************.
  • **** ******* *** **** ** **** ******* *******, ** *** properly ********** ***** * ***' ***** ******.
  • ********* ******* *** *********** ********* **** ***** **** **** ****** *** standards-compliant *******.
  • *** *** ******** ********* ** *,***' (*** ******* ****** ******), but *** ******.
  • **** *** ** *** * ********* ********* ** *** *****, with ** ********* *********** ******* **** ** *** ********.

What ********* ***

****** *** ** ** ** ****** **** **** (~***') ********* to ******/***-*** ********. **** **** ** ********* ** ******* *** ********** ***** (installed *****, **** ***** ***** ** ******) ** **** ** up ** *** ** ***** ******, ****** ** *** **** of ** ******* ** ****** ******* ******, ***** ****** *** often *** ****, ********* ******** ******** ** *** *****. *** **** ******* ** ***** ******, ******* ****** *** ********** **** ********* ***** *** ***** *** ** ***** ************ *****.

Note **** ** ******** ********* ********** ****** *** ***/*** ******** *** ******* *** **** ******** **********. This test was performed to see maximum distance possible, but by violating standards you assume risk of potential future performance issues. Distances over 100m are not tested for longevity, interference issues, etc., which have been properly tested in <100m cables.

*** ***** ******* ****** ***** **** **** *** ***'/**** *****, see *** ******: **** ** ****** *** *******: *****, *** ********* *** *** Examined.

PoE ** ****'

** *** *****, *** ********** **** **** * **** *,***' box ** *****. ********** * *** **** ***** ** **** with *** ****** ** **** ******, ** *** *** **** voltage ******** *** ****** *** ***** (**-*****), *** ******* *** the **** ** ******* **** ** *******, *********-********* *********.

**** **** *** ******* *** ******** ** ******** ******* ** longer ***** ****, **** *** ** *** **, ** ***** to ********** *** ******* **** *** ** ********. ***** ******* were ********** ** **** ****, **** ******* ********** **** *** at ***' ** ** ** *,***', ***** ** *** ***** below:

******* *** *******/******* ***** ******** ********, ** **** ****** ** maintain * **** ** *,***', ****** *** ** *********** ** data *******. ******** ***** **** *** ********** ***** ***' *** shorter (see *****).

Video ******** ** ***'

************, ** **** **** ** *** ******** ********* ** ***' on *** ****** ******, ************ *** ******(**-*********-*).

***** ******* ** **** ****** *** *******, *********-********* ******* *** nearly *********, **** ** *** ********** *****. ** *** ** frame ****, **********, ** ***** ****** ** **** ******, *** or *****.

*******, **** **** **** *** ******** ** **** *** ******, with ****** ****** *** ********** (**** ** ***'). ************, ****** resolutions *** ********** *** ********* **** ****** ** ********** ******, as ********* ****** *** ** ***** **** ******* *** *******.

Reliable ** ****** ***** ** ***'

**** *******, ** **** **** ** ******* ******* ******* ******* ***** at ***' ********. **** ******** ******* *******: ****, *****, ***, fixed, ***, ********** **, ***.*** *** ***.***. *** ******* ****** at **** ******** **** ** ******* ***** *** ** ****** on ***** *******.

PC ** ** ***** ** ***'

** **** **** ** **** *** *** ** ***' ******* on **** *** ** *** *, **** ** ******* ***** and **** ********* ******* ******** ******* *** ***. *******, ****** were **** *******, **** ***** * **/*, ****** **** *********** for **** ***** *** ** **** *****.

Cat * **. *** **: ** **********

******* *** ****** **** ***** *** ****** *********, ** *** no ********* ********** ******* *** * *** ** ** *** tests. ** **** *****, *** * ******* ***** ***** **** Cat ** ** **** ********* (***'+), *** ** ** **** did * ****** ** ** ******* ** *** * *** not **.

Comments (38)

*** ***. **** *** ** *** *** *** *** *** Camera **** *** ********* ** ** **** *********. * ** not **** ******* **** ****** ******* **** ******

*** *** (*******) ******** *** ******* ******** *** ********* ********* to ********* *** *********** ** *** **** *** **********. **** IPVM *** **** *** *** (*******) ****** ********* **** *******.

******* **:

***** *** *** **** ******* * *** ** ** ** the ***** (***** *******) *********? * **** **** **** ***** things **** **** ******* **** ** ** ****** ******.

***** ********** ** ** ***** ******* *** *****/******* *** ** a *********.

* ****** **** ** *** ******** ******* ** *** *** usa ******* ******* ** ** ******** **** ******* ** ***** to **** **** ******* ** * *********.

@****. *** ****** ******* *** ******* *****? ** ** ** competition ** ** ******** *** ** **** ***** ****. *** me ****.

**** ** * **** ** ******* ********. * ***'* **** this ** **** **** * ********** ** ******** ************ *********** implementations.

*****'* *** ** *********** ********* **** ****** *** ****** ******** runs.

*, * **** ***** *** ******* **** ******** ******* *********** for *******. **'* *** *********** *** **** ****.

* **********. ****** *** *** *************. :)

***.*******.** ** ***** *** ****

***** ******* ****** ******* **** **** ********** **** ** * good ****.
********* **'* **** **** ****** **********. ********** ***** ** ******* cables ** ****.

***** *** **** ***** -*- **** ******

***** "**** **" *****. * **** * *** **** **** to ** ****** **** **** ******. **** ** **** **** look **** ***** *********** *********.

*** ******* ** **** ***** ****** ***** ***** **** **** and ********* **** ***'*. *****'* ** ********* **** ** **** work ** *** ** ****** ******.

****'* *** ******* ** *** *********: ****** **** ** ***** reliably ** *** ***** ** ****.

* **** **** **** ****** **** ******* ******* ******* **** fine. *'** **** **** * *** ** **** ****, **** time ** **** ** *** *** ****. ****'* *** *******, you ***** **** **** ** **** ** *** *** ** the ******

*'** **** ****** ****/*** ****, ** ****, *** * ***** it's ********** ***** ** *** ********** ******.

**** ** *** ** **** **** **** ** *** ******:

Note **** ** ******** ********* ********** ****** *** ***/*** ******** *** ******* *** **** ******** **********.**** **** *** ********* ** *** ******* ******** ********, *** by ********* ********* *** ****** **** ** ********* ****** *********** issues. ********* **** **** *** *** ****** *** *********, ************ issues, ***., ***** **** **** ******** ****** **

**** ***** ** ***** **** *** ***** *** *** *****?

**** *** **** ***** *******, **** *** ***** ********** (*** stranded), *** **** ** ** *** / ****** *** *** Cat5E ** ***** / *** ***.

**** **** ** ************* *** *** *** *** ** *** bigger ****** ** ****** (*******: ** *** *** ***** **** *****?) ** ** ****** ** **** ** * **** ** average ** ***** ******* **** ***** ***** *******.

***** *******! ***** **'** *** **** **** ** *** *****, it ** ***** ** *** * ********* ****** ****** **** of **** ** **** ** *** *****. * ***** ********** that **'* ********* *** ***** *** ****. **** ****, ***** have **** * *** ***** ***** ** **** * ***' run *** **** ******* ** ****** ** ******* *********.

****** *** *** ****. *** ******* ** **** ***** ** my *****, *** ******.

*********** ** *********** ******** ********* - *** **** ** *** Distance?

***** *** **** ******** **** *** ***** * ******'* **** been ** ***********.

*** *** *** * ***** ********? ** ***** ** *********** to *** **** * ****-*** *** ***** ***.

*** *** ****, *** ******* ********** *** ******** **** ******* out **** ***' ** ********* *** ***'* ******* *** ****** by ***.

****** *** ***** **** ** **** ****. ****'** ****** ********* to ****** ***** *********, ***** *** *** ****** ** ****** each **** * ********* ***** ******. **** ****** ********* ** left ** ** *** ***.

********* ******* ** **** **** ***** ********* *******, ***** **** point *** *********** ******* ***** ******* ** ***** **** *** interface *** ** ****** **** *** ******* ****** *** *** link *****.

**** ** *** ** *** **** ****** **** ******** ********* either *)********** (** ******) ** *) ******** ** ** *** ends, ***** ***** *** **** *******.

** *** *** *** * ********.

**** ** ***** ** ** * ******** ***** *** ******* much ***********, ** ******* ** * ********* **** ***** ******** push ******* *** *** *** **** **.

*** ******** ****** ** ***** ** **** **** ***** **** on ** ***** *** ****** *** ******** **** ***** ******* as ****. *** **** ***** ******* *******, ** ** ******** legally ******** ** ****** *** ****. ;)

**** **** ***** ******* **** ****** ***** ******* **** **** though *** ***** ** *** ****** ** ****** ******** *********. Our ***** ********** **** ********* **** ** ***** ** ******** cameras ********* ** *** **** *** ******. ** *** * junior ***** ******** ** ******* **** *** ****** **** ** a ******** **** ******* ******* ******** *** ***** ******* ****** of *******. *** **** ******* ** * ****** ********* *** draw ***, ** ****, **** *********** ****** ********.

*** ******* ** **** ** ************* *********, ***** ******* * report **** *****, ******* *** ********* *** ****** **** ** can ********* ****** ***** ****** **** ********** **** ********. *** TIA/EIA ******** ** ***** *** * ****** *** *** *** to **** ******* **** ** *** ** **** *****'* **** it ******.

******** **** *** ******, *****, *'* **** ** ******** ** your ******* ***** **** **** ***** ***** ************** ** ******* exceeding ***** ****** *****. ** ** ****** ** ******* ** there **** ****** ****** "****** ******** ********". ******* **** ** a **** **** **** *** ****** ***** *** *** ****** know. ******* ***** * *** *** *** ******* ****'* ****** always ** ******** ******* ********* ***** ***** ** **** ******* of *****, ** **** ********, ********* ** ********** ** *** technician/engineer ****, *** *** ***** ** * ******* ***** * test. * *** **** *** *** *** ******* ********** ***** without ***** ****** ****, *** ** *****'* ****** ******* *** is ******** ** ** * ******** ******* *** ******** *********** from *** ***** ****** *********.

**'* *** **** ***** ** **** **** ********* *** **** beyond ***** ***** *** ******* **** **** ** ****** ** always ** **. **** **** **** ** ****** ***** *** as * ************ **** ****** **** ****** ** ** **.

******. * ***** *** ******* *****, "*** ********, ** **** you're *******, **** *****; *** ********** *******'* ** **** ********."

*** *******, ****** *** *******.

*** ******* ** **** ** ************* *********, ***** ******* * report **** *****, ******* *** ********* *** ****** **** ** can ********* ****** ***** ****** **** ********** **** ********.

**, *** *** ******* ** **** *** *********** ** *** there ********** ** ****, ** ** ******* **** ** * question ** *** *********** ******** **** ** **** ******* **** if **** *** ** **** ** *** **** *******.

*****'* ****** **** **** ****** **** * ****** **** "*********" (and * *** **** *********** ** **** *** ****) ***** to "*******" ****** ** *** ************** ******, **** **** ** considered. ****-**-**** ******** *** ** ***** ** ******.

*** ************* ***** *** ********* ******* ***** **** ******; ******** yourself ** **** * ***** ** **** *** ******... ********, some ***********, *** **** * ****** *************** (******** **-*****), ** a **** **** ** ** ********** **** *** ********, *** something *** ****** *******.

******* ********** ** ***; *** ******** **** *** *** ****** agree **** ***, ** **** ******* ***, *** *** **** confidence **** *** ****** **** ** ******, **** ****'** ** their *** *** ***** **** *** ********** **-**** **********.

******* **'* *** **** *** **** ** **** *** *** properly ******** ** *** ************, ** **** **** *** ** there ***** **** ********** ******* ****, *** **** * ****** down *** **** *** *** *** ******** ****...

** **** **** "****" **** **** ***** *****,************** **** ****, *** ** *** ***** ******* **** **** factual *********** **** ******* **** ****.

***'** **** *** ******** ** * **** **** *** ********** relationship **** **** ****.

*'* **** **** ****** *** ******. **** ***'* ****** ** answer ** *** ********.

** * ************, *** * *** **** **** ** ************* * ******** ************, ***** ******** *********.

* **** *** * **** ** ***' ** *****'* **** because * *** * *** ******* * ****** ** **** distance ******* ************* ***** ** * ******** ********** ** ********.

He **** ** ****** **** ****** ******** ********* ** *** ******* ***.

********* **** **** *********, *** ***** **** ** **** ******* with **** ****. *** *** ** **, *** **'* ******** not * **** ****.

**'* **** ***** ***** ** * ***** ****, ** ***** until ** *****'*

**'**, ** **** **** ******* *** *******?

**** ** *** **** ** **** ***** ** ** ***** one ******* ******** **** ***** ***** ** (****** *** ***) geared ** ****** *** *** ****** **********.

*** ***** ** ** ****** (*** ****** **** ) *** this **** *****. *** ************ ** ********* ** ** **** the *** ***** ********** ** *********** ** *** *** *****: These *** *** ***** *** ***'* ****** "**** ****" **** switches.

** *** **** ** *** ****** **** **** ** ** way ********** >*** ***** *******. *** ********** ** * **** one: **** ***** ** **** **** *** *** ***** **********. If ******* ** ***** *** ************* ****** ** *** *** article *** ** *********** ** ****** ** ********** ** ****.

***** *** *** ***** *** ****, *** ********* **** ** links ** *** *******. **** ***** *** * **** ********* for ****** ** *** ******.

**** *********** *****/**********.

** *** ******* ***** *** ********* *** ********* ** *** only *** ** **, ** *** ** ** ******* * recently ********** ** * **** ********** ***** ******* ** *********, 4 ** *** ******* **** ***** ***** **** ** ****+ that **** *** ******* ** ***. ***** ******* *** ********* been ******* *** * ****** ** ****** **** * ** one **** *******.

*'** **** **** ** **** ***** * **** ************ **** marginally ******** **** (***+) ****** **** *** * ****** ** months *** **** ******* **********. *'* ** ********** ** ****** out **** ******* ****** *** ******* ** ***** ** *** physical ************ ******** ****. *** ***/*** ***** ****** **** **** a ***** **** ****** *** ********* *** ******* ******* ** work ** *** *****. *** ** ******* * ***** ****** to ******* ********.

******* **** ** ******** ********** *** **** **** ***** ******* have **** **********, * ***** **** ** ******* ** ****** to **** **** **** ****** ******* **** ******* *** *** distances *** ****** ** ***** ****.

**** ** ***** ****** **** *** *** *** *** **** an ********* ******* ***** **** *** *** ********, *** ******** developed *****. **'** *** * ****** ***** ** ******* **** occasionally ******** *** *** ** **** ****** *** ****'* **** up ***** * ****** ****** **** ******** ** *** ******. We **** ******** * ****** *** * ****** ** *** instance.

** ******* *** * **** *** *** **** **** **** were ***** *** ** *** **** *** ***** *** ****** 360ft *** *** ***** ****** *****.

****** *** *** ****.
***. ******* ******* ******* ******** ** **** ****?
****** ***** **** ****** *** **** ***** ***** **** *****??
**** ******** ****** ** **** ***** *** ******** ******* ** theory.

*'* **** ** *** ***** ***** **** ******* *** ***** long ****

** *** ******* *** ***** ****** **** ***'** ** *******. Doesn't ****** *** **** ***** ***** *** *** ** **** it. *** *****-** *** ***'** *** ** ******* ** ** the ********. *** **** ****** "*********" (***** *** ****** * grand ** * ****** ****** **** ****** ******* **** *** came **, *** * ****, *** ********* ** ****** ******.)

* *****, ***, *** * ***** *** * *** **** asking *** ** *********, **** *** ***** ***** *** ** the **** ***. ***** ****** **** ********* *** ******* (***).

*****'** **** **** **** **** *********. *'* ********** ********* ** use ************ ***** ****** **** **** **** ******* ******** **** that.

Login to read this IPVM report.
Why do I need to log in?
IPVM conducts unique testing and research funded by member's payments enabling us to offer the most independent, accurate and in-depth information.

Related Reports

Xiongmai New Critical Vulnerability - Same Manufacturer Whose Products Drove Mirai Botnet Attacks on Dec 12, 2017
The Chinese manufacturer whose products were primarily responsible for the 2016 Mirai botnet attack has a new critical vulnerability, confirmed by...
D-Link ONVIF Switch Tested on Dec 04, 2017
D-Link's surveillance switches claim to "enhance ease of use and streamline management" for network administrators, with simplified UIs and...
ZKAccess Control Tested on Dec 04, 2017
China manufacturer ZKTeco / ZKAcces has been expanding in the West, offering a low-cost access control platform. But how good is it? And how does...
Hazardous & Explosion Proof Access Control Tutorial on Nov 27, 2017
Controlling access to hazardous environments require equipment meeting specific ratings that certify they will not start fires. Understanding those...
PoE UPS Tested (Energy Reconnect) on Nov 15, 2017
In security, backup power is important, but most often requires UPS systems or extra cabling to devices for low voltage power. Now, some have...
Mobile Credentials (BLE / NFC / Apps) Guide on Nov 14, 2017
One of the biggest trends in access for the last few years has been the marriage of mobile phones and access cards. In this guide,...
Long Range Access Control Readers Tutorial on Nov 10, 2017
One of the classic challenges for access control are parking lots and garages, where the user's credential is far from the reader. With modern...
Selecting Access Control Readers Tutorial on Nov 09, 2017
Given the variety of types available, specifying access control readers can be a daunting process. However, focusing on a few key elements will...
ONVIF Wire Free Camera Tested (Netgear FlexPower) on Oct 31, 2017
Totally wire-free cameras are a hot growth market. But they have had one major problem: Proprietary. IPVM has tested Netgear's Arlo and Arlo Go,...
Hikvision Access Control Tested on Oct 19, 2017
Hikvision aggressive pricing and marketing combined with generally reliable hardware and free software has made them a major player in video...

Most Recent Industry Reports

Hiring Camera Calculator Product Manager on Dec 12, 2017
We are working on making the Camera Calculator even better and hoping you can help us find the right person to join our team. IPVM is hiring a...
Testing $20 WyzeCam, The Money Losing Amazon Vet Startup on Dec 12, 2017
This startup is perfecting the old adage: We lose money on every sale, but make it up on volume But it is no joke. The company, Wyze Labs, is...
Xiongmai New Critical Vulnerability - Same Manufacturer Whose Products Drove Mirai Botnet Attacks on Dec 12, 2017
The Chinese manufacturer whose products were primarily responsible for the 2016 Mirai botnet attack has a new critical vulnerability, confirmed by...
Robot Vandalism on Dec 11, 2017
Vandalism of security systems is a common concern. It is so common that camera vandalism statistics show that designers routinely sacrifice camera...
Access Controller Software Guide on Dec 11, 2017
Properly configuring access controllers software is key to a professional access system. These devices have fundamental settings that must be...
2018 Video Surveillance Cameras Overview on Dec 11, 2017
This report concisely explains the developments for surveillance cameras offered in 2017 and the state of offerings going into 2018, including...
Imperial Capital Security Investor Conference Review on Dec 08, 2017
Investment bank Imperial Capital holds an annual Security Investor Conference where 60+ companies present, including this year: IPVM bought a...
Integrator GPS Vehicle Tracking Statistics and Success Examined on Dec 08, 2017
GPS vehicle tracking is a growing but somewhat controversial topic. On the plus side, tracking may increases productivity by providing greater...
Hikvision NA Biggest Sale of 2017 on Dec 07, 2017
Hikvision North America has been relatively disciplined the past 5 months, reducing the number of sales and the breadth of what is on sale. No...
Security Integrator IT Expertise Statistics on Dec 07, 2017
20 years ago, putting physical security systems on IP networks was just emerging. Today, almost every system is networked in some way, IP cameras...

The world's leading video surveillance information source, IPVM provides the best reporting, testing and training for 10,000+ members globally. Dedicated to independent and objective information, we uniquely refuse any and all advertisements, sponsorship and consulting from manufacturers.

About | FAQ | Contact