Surveillance Storage 101

By: IPVM Team, Published on Mar 23, 2020

This guide teaches the fundamentals of video surveillance storage.

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Inside we cover:

  • Surveillance Storage
  • NVR / Recorder Storage
  • Camera / Edge Storage
  • Network Storage
  • Cloud Storage
  • Specialized Surveillance Hard Drives
  • Storage Capacity
  • Storage Duration
  • Recording Types (Continuous vs Event)
  • Recording Schedules
  • Automatic Storage Cleanup
  • Edge Redundant Recording / Trickling
  • Storage Redundancy
  • RAID
  • Redundant / Backup Servers
  • Notable Surveillance Storage Suppliers

Surveillance Storage

Surveillance video must be stored in order to review past events. Encoded video streams are saved as video files, where they can be selected and played back in client decoding software.

Storage can be located in recorders, cameras, network-based, or in the cloud.

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NVR / Recorder Storage

********* **** ** *** / *** ******** ** the **** ****** ****** in ***** ************. ******* video ** ******* ******* drives ******* *** *** storage ** ******** ******* which ** **** ********* than ********* ** ******, which ******* ****.

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***** ** ********* ****** on *** ** **** traditional **** ******, ***** can ** ********** ** RAID ***** ******** ***** redundancy. **** ** ****** in ***** *******. ******* without **** ********** **** losing ******** ***** **** many ******* **** *** failure ** * ****** hard *****.

Camera / **** *******

******* ***** ** * camera *** ********* *** need *** * ******** recorder. ******* ** ********* provided **** *******, *** or ***** ******.

***** *** *** **** ways ** ***** **** recording:

  • **** ****/** ***/***:**** ******* *** ** used ** *** **** storage, **** ** ******* NVR/VMS, ********* **** ******* *******.
  • ********* *********:** ** *** ** used *** **********, ********* to *** ****** ***** the ******* ** **** and *** ******** ****** be *******, **** ********* when ******* ************ ** restored.

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*******, ********* ** ******* is *** ******, ** it ** ********* **** expensive *** ******* ** connect ** * ******** that ****** *** *****. Additionally, ** * ****** is ******* ** ******, the **** ** ******** video ** ******.

** *** ***** ****, recording ** ******* ** a ******* ***** ******** by * ****** ** newer ********, **** ******* Verkada.

Network *******

****** *******-***** ******* *** expand ******* ******** (**** hard ******) ** * surveillance ******. **** *** allow * ****** ** support **** *******, ***** longer ********* *****, ** increase *** **********/******* ** the ******* *******.

***** *** * ****** options *** ****** ******* storage; *** *** ***.

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*** ******* ** * low-cost ****** ** *******-******** storage *** ***** ***** systems. ******* ***** *** redundancy *** ***** **** Recorder ** ***-***** *******.

******* ***** ** * SAN ****** ***** ***** expansion, ******** ******** ****** architectures *** ********* **** redundancy.

****** ********* ******** *** storage **** ********* ************* increase ***** **** ******** to ****** **** ******* in *** ******* ********. Moreover, **** ********* ******* manufacturer-specific ******** *** ******-***** technicians ** ********* ** configure *** *******.

Cloud *******

***** ******* *** ************ been * ******* ****** for ***** ************. ***** storing ***** ** *** cloud ********* (** **********) the **** *** ******** storage, ** *** **** primarily ******* ** ***-******* limited *****-***** *****.

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*** ******* ********** ** cloud ******* *** *********** on-site ********* **** ****** it ****** ** *** more ******* *** ******* data **********.

************, ***** ***** ******* eliminates *** **** ** video **** ** *** recorder ** ******* ** stolen. **** ** ******** marketed ** ***** ******* providers *** ***** ******** the ******** *******, ** is *** * ****** problem.

*******, ******* ***** ** being ****** ***-*******, *** video **** ********, ********** bandwidth *********** *** ******* loss ** ** ******** outage. ***** *** **** practical *********** ** *** number ** ******* **** can ****** ***** ** the *****, ***** ** upstream ******** ********* *** a ***** ****.

**** *** ***** ** uploaded ** *** *****, it *** ********* ** viewed ******** ******* ********** to *** ***** *******/*******.

Specialized ************ **** ******

*********** ************ **** ****** are ******** *** ********** writing ** *****, ***** is *** * ****** concern ******* ** ***** surveillance.***** ***** *** ** common **** ****** ***********, **** ***-**** **** do *** ******* ****.

************* ****** *** **/* write ************ ** *** drives *** *** ***** consumption, ******* ** **** cases ********** **** ****** drives **** ******* *********** ratings *** ****** **********.

*********** ************ ****** *** cost ~** ** **** as ******* ***** ******** "desktop" ******, *** **% - **% **** ********* than **** ****** ******** for **** ****** ***.

Storage ********

*********** *** ****** ** storage ******** ** * key **** ** ********* a ************ ******. ***** so *** ** ********* as *** ***** *** vary ****** ******* *** most ******** **************.

*** ****** ** ****** supported ***** **** ********* just * ** * camera ** ********* * few ** * ******** to * ***** ** dozens ** ****** *******.

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** ************ *******, ****** are ********* ******* ** Terabyte (**) *****. ***** systems *** ******* ** little ** ***, ***** large ******* *** ***** into ******** ** *** to ********* ** ** (1024 ** ** * Petabyte) ** ******** ********* (PB).

**** ************ ************* ******* system ******* (*** ******* throughput) *********** ***** ** help ********* *** ***** amount ** ******* ******** required. *******, **** ** these ***** ************ *** amount ** ******* ********, increasing *** ****** ** hard ****** *** ******* required, ***** *** ************* increase ****** ****.

Storage ********

******* **** ********* **** minimum ******** **** ** recording, *** ****** ******* allowed ****, ****** ************* of *** **** ** record ***** ** * necessity.

*******, ******* *** **** DVR / *** ********** only ******* * ******* number ** **** ****** internally (* *** * being ****** *** ******* systems). **** *** ********* storage ********, ********** ***** the *** **** ** those ********** *** *** extra **** ** ********* beyond ****.

**-**** ** ******* ** most ******** ******* ** 2020, *** ** *** decreased **** ** ******* over *** **** ** years *** *** ********* efficiency ** ******* ******* with***** ******.

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** **** ************ ** countries, ***** *** *********** and ************ *** *** maximum ****** ** **** recorded, ** * ******* number ** **** *** to *********** (*.*. **** safety, ****** ****, ***********).

Recording *****

******* ** *** ********* needs ** *********, *** type ** ********* ** important ** ******* *** expected ******** ***** *** support *** ******** ******* duration **** *** ******** storage.

***** *** * ******* recording *****; ********** *** event/motion *********.

Continuous *********

********** ********* ***** *** video ** ****** ***** recorded, **** **** ***** is ** ******** ** camera. **** ** **** common ** ****-******** ********, corrections, *** ********* ***** money/transactions **** ***** (*.*. banking, *******, ***********).

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** ******* **** ********** that ******* ** ********, but *** ******* ************* more ******* ******** **** event/motion *********. **** **** increase *** **** ** hard ****** *** *** also ******* ********** *******.

Motion / ***** *********

****** ** ***** ********* means *** ***** ** only ******** **** *** camera ******* ******/******** ****** detection) ** ** ********* by ** ***** (*.*. input *******, ****** *******).

**** *** ******* ************* lower ******* ******** **** continuous *********, *******, **** the **** ** ******* a ******** ******** ** it ** *** ********.

************, ** ************ **** constant ******, *** ******* savings ** ***** ****** recording **** ** *********.

Recording **********

******* ***** *** ** different ********** *** ********* depending ** *** **** of *** ** ****, schedules *** ********* **** for ******* ************. ***** a ****** *** ******* continuous ********* ****** ******** hours, **** ******* *** be **** ** ********* to ****** ********* ***** hours.

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**** ** **** ******** used ** **** ** storage ***** **** ********* significantly.

Automatic ******* ********

********* ********* ****** *** oldest ***** ** **** up ***** *** *** video ** ** ********, when ***** ** *******.

**** ******* ***** ***** to ******* ******** ***** clips **** ********* ******** to ******** ******** ******** of **** ********** (******** incidents, ******** *****, ***.).

Storage **********

**** ******** *** ******** surveillance ******* *** *** redundant ** ****** ******* to ****** **** ********* continues. *** * ****** methods ** ********** *** RAID, ********* *******, *** Backup *******.

****

**** ** *** **** common *** ***** ********* method ** ******* ********** for ******** *****. ***** file **** ** ******* in ****** ******** ****** so ** * ***** fails (** **** ****** depending ** *** ****), the ******* *** ** recovered. *** **** ****** RAID ************* **** ** surveillance ******* *** **** 5 (* ********* *****) and **** * (* redundant ******).

********* ****** **** **** do *** *** ** the ***** ******* ******** of *** ******, ** there ** ** ***** cost *** *******. ********, RAID ******* *** **** hours ** ******* *** rebuild **** * ***** fails, ***** *** ************* impact ****** ***********

Redundant / ****** *******

********* ******* ***** **** video ** ******** ** 2 ********* **************, ***** backup ******* ***** *** video ** ***** ******** on ******* ******* *** then ****** ** * secondary/backup ******* ********. **** means ********* ********* **** with * ************ ******** loss (*.*. ********* ****** motherboard *******).

********* *** ****** ******* solutions **** ****** *** cost *** ******* ******* twice *** ****** *** hard ***** ********* *** required *** ****. ***** are ******** ** **** surveillance *******.

Edge ********* ********* / *********

****** ********* *** ** used *** **********, ********* continuously ** *** ****** and * ********. ** the ******'* ******* ********** is **** *** *** recorder ****** ** ******* the ****** ********* ** record *******. **** ******* connectivity ** ******** *** camera **** ****** *** locally ******** ***** ** fill ** *** **** in *** ****** *********.

**** ** * ******* typically **** ********* ** enterprise-focused ***** *** *****-******* VSaaS ******* **** ****** or ******* *********.

Notable ************ ******* *********

** ******** **** ** overview ** ******* ************ storage *********:

*******/****** *********

***** *** ****** ** storage / ****** *********, often *** *** ******* depends ** ***'* ******** region.

*** *** ******* ******* providers *** **** *** and, ** * ******* second, **. ***** *** numerous **** ** ****** builders *** ********** ** video ************, *.*., ** the ** ******** ** especially *****, ****** *****, in ********* ***** ** the *****, ***** *** likely ** ** ***** more ****** *********.

***/*** *********

*** *** *** ************* are ****** ********* ** storage ********** **** **** China ************* ***** *** Hikvision ******* *** ******* systems ** *** **** and * ***** ** other ********* ****** *** world ***** ** ***** in ****** *** ************* *******.

************ **** ***** *************

**** * *** ******* surveillance **** ***** ************* exist **** ******* ******* and ******* *********** ****** as * ******* ** video ************ **** * much ******* ****** ***** Hitachi. *** ****, *** IPVM's******** ***** ************ **** Drive ************* ****.

Comments (4)

** **** **** ********* coming **** ****, * can ****** **** ** and ******** ** ******** in * ****** **** I *** ********* *** to **** * **** some ******** ****.

* **** (* ** told) ***** ** *********** presentation ******** **** ******* in **** ******. ** is ** *** **** presentation ** *** *** technical *** ** ** more ** ** *********** piece **** * ***** pitch. ** ** ******** to **** **** ******* I'm **** ** **** all **** **** **** to **** ** ** anyone *** ** **** to ***** ** ** one ** ** ********* sales **** ***** ** delighted ** ******* * webinar ** **** ***********. Please **** * * message ** **** ***** be ** ********

******* *** *** **** HDDs *** **** *****. Toshiba ** *** ***** player (******** **** *******) in **** *****.

**** ************

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