Surveillance Storage 101

By: IPVM Team, Published on Mar 23, 2020

This guide teaches the fundamentals of video surveillance storage.

IPVM Image

Inside we cover:

  • Surveillance Storage
  • NVR / Recorder Storage
  • Camera / Edge Storage
  • Network Storage
  • Cloud Storage
  • Specialized Surveillance Hard Drives
  • Storage Capacity
  • Storage Duration
  • Recording Types (Continuous vs Event)
  • Recording Schedules
  • Automatic Storage Cleanup
  • Edge Redundant Recording / Trickling
  • Storage Redundancy
  • RAID
  • Redundant / Backup Servers
  • Notable Surveillance Storage Suppliers

Surveillance Storage

Surveillance video must be stored in order to review past events. Encoded video streams are saved as video files, where they can be selected and played back in client decoding software.

Storage can be located in recorders, cameras, network-based, or in the cloud.

IPVM Image

NVR / Recorder Storage

**** ***** ******* *** fundamentals ** ***** ************ storage.

IPVM Image

****** ** *****:

  • ************ *******
  • *** / ******** *******
  • ****** / **** *******
  • ******* *******
  • ***** *******
  • *********** ************ **** ******
  • ******* ********
  • ******* ********
  • ********* ***** (********** ** Event)
  • ********* *********
  • ********* ******* *******
  • **** ********* ********* / Trickling
  • ******* **********
  • ****
  • ********* / ****** *******
  • ******* ************ ******* *********

Surveillance *******

************ ***** **** ** stored ** ***** ** review **** ******. ******* video ******* *** ***** as ***** *****, ***** they *** ** ******** and ****** **** ** client ******** ********.

******* *** ** ******* in *********, *******, *******-*****, or ** *** *****.

IPVM Image

NVR / ******** *******

[***************]

********* **** ** *** / *** ******** ** the **** ****** ****** in ***** ************. ******* video ** ******* ******* drives ******* *** *** storage ** ******** ******* which ** **** ********* than ********* ** ******, which ******* ****.

IPVM Image

***** ** ********* ****** on *** ** **** traditional **** ******, ***** can ** ********** ** RAID ***** ******** ***** redundancy. **** ** ****** in ***** *******. ******* without **** ********** **** losing ******** ***** **** many ******* **** *** failure ** * ****** hard *****.

Camera / **** *******

******* ***** ** * camera *** ********* *** need *** * ******** recorder. ******* ** ********* provided **** *******, *** or ***** ******.

***** *** *** **** ways ** ***** **** recording:

  • **** ****/** ***/***:**** ******* *** ** used ** *** **** storage, **** ** ******* NVR/VMS, ********* **** ******* *******.
  • ********* *********:** ** *** ** used *** **********, ********* to *** ****** ***** the ******* ** **** and *** ******** ****** be *******, **** ********* when ******* ************ ** restored.

IPVM Image

*******, ********* ** ******* is *** ******, ** it ** ********* **** expensive *** ******* ** connect ** * ******** that ****** *** *****. Additionally, ** * ****** is ******* ** ******, the **** ** ******** video ** ******.

** *** ***** ****, recording ** ******* ** a ******* ***** ******** by * ****** ** newer ********, **** ******* Verkada.

Network *******

****** *******-***** ******* *** expand ******* ******** (**** hard ******) ** * surveillance ******. **** *** allow * ****** ** support **** *******, ***** longer ********* *****, ** increase *** **********/******* ** the ******* *******.

***** *** * ****** options *** ****** ******* storage; *** *** ***.

IPVM Image

*** ******* ** * low-cost ****** ** *******-******** storage *** ***** ***** systems. ******* ***** *** redundancy *** ***** **** Recorder ** ***-***** *******.

******* ***** ** * SAN ****** ***** ***** expansion, ******** ******** ****** architectures *** ********* **** redundancy.

****** ********* ******** *** storage **** ********* ************* increase ***** **** ******** to ****** **** ******* in *** ******* ********. Moreover, **** ********* ******* manufacturer-specific ******** *** ******-***** technicians ** ********* ** configure *** *******.

Cloud *******

***** ******* *** ************ been * ******* ****** for ***** ************. ***** storing ***** ** *** cloud ********* (** **********) the **** *** ******** storage, ** *** **** primarily ******* ** ***-******* limited *****-***** *****.

IPVM Image

*** ******* ********** ** cloud ******* *** *********** on-site ********* **** ****** it ****** ** *** more ******* *** ******* data **********.

************, ***** ***** ******* eliminates *** **** ** video **** ** *** recorder ** ******* ** stolen. **** ** ******** marketed ** ***** ******* providers *** ***** ******** the ******** *******, ** is *** * ****** problem.

*******, ******* ***** ** being ****** ***-*******, *** video **** ********, ********** bandwidth *********** *** ******* loss ** ** ******** outage. ***** *** **** practical *********** ** *** number ** ******* **** can ****** ***** ** the *****, ***** ** upstream ******** ********* *** a ***** ****.

**** *** ***** ** uploaded ** *** *****, it *** ********* ** viewed ******** ******* ********** to *** ***** *******/*******.

Specialized ************ **** ******

*********** ************ **** ****** are ******** *** ********** writing ** *****, ***** is *** * ****** concern ******* ** ***** surveillance.***** ***** *** ** common **** ****** ***********, **** ***-**** **** do *** ******* ****.

************* ****** *** **/* write ************ ** *** drives *** *** ***** consumption, ******* ** **** cases ********** **** ****** drives **** ******* *********** ratings *** ****** **********.

*********** ************ ****** *** cost ~** ** **** as ******* ***** ******** "desktop" ******, *** **% - **% **** ********* than **** ****** ******** for **** ****** ***.

Storage ********

*********** *** ****** ** storage ******** ** * key **** ** ********* a ************ ******. ***** so *** ** ********* as *** ***** *** vary ****** ******* *** most ******** **************.

*** ****** ** ****** supported ***** **** ********* just * ** * camera ** ********* * few ** * ******** to * ***** ** dozens ** ****** *******.

IPVM Image

** ************ *******, ****** are ********* ******* ** Terabyte (**) *****. ***** systems *** ******* ** little ** ***, ***** large ******* *** ***** into ******** ** *** to ********* ** ** (1024 ** ** * Petabyte) ** ******** ********* (PB).

**** ************ ************* ******* system ******* (*** ******* throughput) *********** ***** ** help ********* *** ***** amount ** ******* ******** required. *******, **** ** these ***** ************ *** amount ** ******* ********, increasing *** ****** ** hard ****** *** ******* required, ***** *** ************* increase ****** ****.

Storage ********

******* **** ********* **** minimum ******** **** ** recording, *** ****** ******* allowed ****, ****** ************* of *** **** ** record ***** ** * necessity.

*******, ******* *** **** DVR / *** ********** only ******* * ******* number ** **** ****** internally (* *** * being ****** *** ******* systems). **** *** ********* storage ********, ********** ***** the *** **** ** those ********** *** *** extra **** ** ********* beyond ****.

**-**** ** ******* ** most ******** ******* ** 2020, *** ** *** decreased **** ** ******* over *** **** ** years *** *** ********* efficiency ** ******* ******* with***** ******.

IPVM Image

** **** ************ ** countries, ***** *** *********** and ************ *** *** maximum ****** ** **** recorded, ** * ******* number ** **** *** to *********** (*.*. **** safety, ****** ****, ***********).

Recording *****

******* ** *** ********* needs ** *********, *** type ** ********* ** important ** ******* *** expected ******** ***** *** support *** ******** ******* duration **** *** ******** storage.

***** *** * ******* recording *****; ********** *** event/motion *********.

Continuous *********

********** ********* ***** *** video ** ****** ***** recorded, **** **** ***** is ** ******** ** camera. **** ** **** common ** ****-******** ********, corrections, *** ********* ***** money/transactions **** ***** (*.*. banking, *******, ***********).

IPVM Image

** ******* **** ********** that ******* ** ********, but *** ******* ************* more ******* ******** **** event/motion *********. **** **** increase *** **** ** hard ****** *** *** also ******* ********** *******.

Motion / ***** *********

****** ** ***** ********* means *** ***** ** only ******** **** *** camera ******* ******/******** ****** detection) ** ** ********* by ** ***** (*.*. input *******, ****** *******).

**** *** ******* ************* lower ******* ******** **** continuous *********, *******, **** the **** ** ******* a ******** ******** ** it ** *** ********.

************, ** ************ **** constant ******, *** ******* savings ** ***** ****** recording **** ** *********.

Recording **********

******* ***** *** ** different ********** *** ********* depending ** *** **** of *** ** ****, schedules *** ********* **** for ******* ************. ***** a ****** *** ******* continuous ********* ****** ******** hours, **** ******* *** be **** ** ********* to ****** ********* ***** hours.

IPVM Image

**** ** **** ******** used ** **** ** storage ***** **** ********* significantly.

Automatic ******* ********

********* ********* ****** *** oldest ***** ** **** up ***** *** *** video ** ** ********, when ***** ** *******.

**** ******* ***** ***** to ******* ******** ***** clips **** ********* ******** to ******** ******** ******** of **** ********** (******** incidents, ******** *****, ***.).

Storage **********

**** ******** *** ******** surveillance ******* *** *** redundant ** ****** ******* to ****** **** ********* continues. *** * ****** methods ** ********** *** RAID, ********* *******, *** Backup *******.

****

**** ** *** **** common *** ***** ********* method ** ******* ********** for ******** *****. ***** file **** ** ******* in ****** ******** ****** so ** * ***** fails (** **** ****** depending ** *** ****), the ******* *** ** recovered. *** **** ****** RAID ************* **** ** surveillance ******* *** **** 5 (* ********* *****) and **** * (* redundant ******).

********* ****** **** **** do *** *** ** the ***** ******* ******** of *** ******, ** there ** ** ***** cost *** *******. ********, RAID ******* *** **** hours ** ******* *** rebuild **** * ***** fails, ***** *** ************* impact ****** ***********

Redundant / ****** *******

********* ******* ***** **** video ** ******** ** 2 ********* **************, ***** backup ******* ***** *** video ** ***** ******** on ******* ******* *** then ****** ** * secondary/backup ******* ********. **** means ********* ********* **** with * ************ ******** loss (*.*. ********* ****** motherboard *******).

********* *** ****** ******* solutions **** ****** *** cost *** ******* ******* twice *** ****** *** hard ***** ********* *** required *** ****. ***** are ******** ** **** surveillance *******.

Edge ********* ********* / *********

****** ********* *** ** used *** **********, ********* continuously ** *** ****** and * ********. ** the ******'* ******* ********** is **** *** *** recorder ****** ** ******* the ****** ********* ** record *******. **** ******* connectivity ** ******** *** camera **** ****** *** locally ******** ***** ** fill ** *** **** in *** ****** *********.

**** ** * ******* typically **** ********* ** enterprise-focused ***** *** *****-******* VSaaS ******* **** ****** or ******* *********.

Notable ************ ******* *********

** ******** **** ** overview ** ******* ************ storage *********:

*******/****** *********

***** *** ****** ** storage / ****** *********, often *** *** ******* depends ** ***'* ******** region.

*** *** ******* ******* providers *** **** *** and, ** * ******* second, **. ***** *** numerous **** ** ****** builders *** ********** ** video ************, *.*., ** the ** ******** ** especially *****, ****** *****, in ********* ***** ** the *****, ***** *** likely ** ** ***** more ****** *********.

***/*** *********

*** *** *** ************* are ****** ********* ** storage ********** **** **** China ************* ***** *** Hikvision ******* *** ******* systems ** *** **** and * ***** ** other ********* ****** *** world ***** ** ***** in ****** *** ************* *******.

************ **** ***** *************

**** * *** ******* surveillance **** ***** ************* exist **** ******* ******* and ******* *********** ****** as * ******* ** video ************ **** * much ******* ****** ***** Hitachi. *** ****, *** IPVM's******** ***** ************ **** Drive ************* ****.

Comments (4)

** **** **** ********* coming **** ****, * can ****** **** ** and ******** ** ******** in * ****** **** I *** ********* *** to **** * **** some ******** ****.

* **** (* ** told) ***** ** *********** presentation ******** **** ******* in **** ******. ** is ** *** **** presentation ** *** *** technical *** ** ** more ** ** *********** piece **** * ***** pitch. ** ** ******** to **** **** ******* I'm **** ** **** all **** **** **** to **** ** ** anyone *** ** **** to ***** ** ** one ** ** ********* sales **** ***** ** delighted ** ******* * webinar ** **** ***********. Please **** * * message ** **** ***** be ** ********

******* *** *** **** HDDs *** **** *****. Toshiba ** *** ***** player (******** **** *******) in **** *****.

**** ************

Read this IPVM report for free.

This article is part of IPVM's 6,362 reports, 854 tests and is only available to members. To get a one-time preview of our work, enter your work email to access the full article.

Already a member? Login here | Join now

Related Reports

Video Surveillance Business 101 on Mar 30, 2020
This report explains the fundamental elements of the video surveillance business for those new to the industry. This is part of our Video...
VSaaS 101 on Mar 25, 2020
Video Surveillance as a Service (VSaaS) is the common industry term for cloud video. But what does it mean? How does it all work? Inside this...
Video Analytics 101 on Mar 16, 2020
This guide teaches the fundamentals of video surveillance analytics. Inside we cover: Why Use Video Analytics Video Analytics Warning Where...
VMS 101 on Mar 03, 2020
This guide teaches the fundamentals about video management software. Inside, we cover: NVR vs VMS Viewing Video - What are common client...
Video Surveillance Cameras 101 on Feb 25, 2020
Cameras come in many shapes, sizes and specifications. This 101 examines the basics of cameras and features used in 2020. In this report, we...
Video Surveillance Architecture 101 on Feb 18, 2020
Video surveillance can be designed and deployed in a number of ways. This 101 examines the most common options and architectures used in...
Avigilon "Self-Learning" Analytics And VMD Tested on Jul 23, 2018
Avigilon is a popular choice for video analytics, offering "self-learning" analytics built into their cameras as well as appliances. We tested...
Installing Dome Cameras Indoors Guide on Jul 16, 2018
IPVM is producing the definitive series on installing surveillance cameras. This entry covers one of the most common scenarios - installing dome...
Network Racks For Surveillance Guide on Mar 21, 2018
In this guide, we look at network rack infrastructure, one of the fundamentals of IP video surveillance. Inside, we cover: What is a rack unit...
Network Addressing for Video Surveillance Guide on Mar 14, 2018
The goal of this guide is to explain addressing devices on IP networks, focusing on how IP cameras and recorders are used in those networks. For...

Most Recent Industry Reports

Access Control Online Show - July 2020 - With 40+ Manufacturers - Register Now on Jul 01, 2020
IPVM is excited to announce our July 2020 Access Control Show. With 40+ companies presenting across 4 days, this is a unique opportunity to hear...
Hanwha Face Mask Detection Tested on Jul 01, 2020
Face mask detection or, more specifically lack-of-face-mask detection, is an expanding offering in the midst of coronavirus. Hanwha in partnership...
UK Government Says Fever Cameras "Unsuitable" on Jul 01, 2020
The UK government's medical device regulator, MHRA, told IPVM that fever-seeking thermal cameras are "unsuitable for this purpose" and recommends...
Camera Course Summer 2020 on Jun 30, 2020
This is the only independent surveillance camera course, based on in-depth product and technology testing. Lots of manufacturer training...
Worst Over But Integrators Still Dealing With Coronavirus Problems (June Statistics) on Jun 30, 2020
While numbers of integrators very impacted by Coronavirus continue to drop, most are still moderately dealing with the pandemic's problems, June...
FLIR Screen-EST Screening Software Tested on Jun 30, 2020
In our FLIR A Series Test, the cameras' biggest drawback was their lack of face detection, requiring manual adjustment when screening each...
Dahua Buenos Aires Bus Screening Violates IEC Standards and Dahua's Own Instructions on Jun 30, 2020
Dahua has promoted Buenos Aires bus deployments as "solutions that facilitate community safety". However, they violate IEC standards and,...
UK Firm Markets False Fever Screening, Hikvision Disavows on Jun 30, 2020
A UK security firm falsely claimed its Hikvision-based thermal solution could be used for "accurately detecting fever in any person", even claiming...
Industry Study: 83% of US Temperature Screening Sellers Falsely Say Not Medical Devices on Jun 29, 2020
83% of US companies selling temperature screening devices, aka 'fever' detectors, claim they are not medical devices, contrary to FDA definition,...
Manufacturers on Virtual 'ISC West' 2020 and Potential ISC West 2021 on Jun 29, 2020
With the 2020 ISC West show now officially canceled, attention turns to Reed's new "ISC West 2020 Virtual Event" planned for October and for the...