Sports Stadium Security Design Recommendations

By: Brian Karas, Published on Jul 24, 2017

Sports stadiums pose many challenges for designing security systems. The facilities vary from being mostly vacant, to packed with tens of thousands of fans, with many security staff part-time, not always familiar with the venue or its security architecture. 

This report is a compilation of topics discussed at the 2017 NCS4 conference, designed to give those considering stadium security solutions recommendations on building a functional security design, including:

  • Resilience-Centric Risk Management
  • Security Operations Center
  • Cameras And VMS
  • Sample Camera Designs for Football and Baseball stadiums
  • Access Control
  • Bag Screening
  • Perimeters and Parking Lots
  • Advance Warning To Attendees
  • Staff Uniform and ID Management
  • Response Planning
  • On-Site Communications

Resilience-Centric **** **********

* **********-***** ******** ** security ********** *** ******** was *** **** ******* from *** **** *************. This ******* ******** ********** and ***********, ******** **** events, ** ** **** cases "**** ******", *** incorporating ***** ********* **** an ****-******** ******** ******.

*** ******** **** ***** in *** ** *** presentations, ******** "******" ** a ****** ** ****** and ********** ** ** adversary:

*** "****" ** * factor ** ******, ***** with ************* *** ***********.

** ******** ***** ******* factors, ******** ****** ***** chances ** ******, ** diminish *** ********* ****** of ** ******.

Security ********** ******

******** **** ********* **** a ********* ******** ********** center, ***** ** ******* during ****** ** **** as *** **** *********** activity ** ********* ** the ******** (*.*.:  ****** event *****/******** ********** *** concerts **** ** *** stadium).

***** ** ** ****** for ******** ** *** part-time ******** ********* ** assist **** ****-*** ********, it ** *********** *** operations ****** ** ******* with ****-**** ********* *** *** trained *** ******** **** the ********* *** ******* deployed ********** *** ********.

** ******** ** *** on-site ******** ******, ** off-site ******** ** **** recommended *** ****** ******. The ***-**** ******** ********** center ***** **** ******* of ****** ******** ********** in *** ***** **** the ******* ********** ****** becomes ***-********** *** *** reason. *** ***-**** ******** should **** ** ******** staffed ****** ******, **** trained ********* **** *** able ** ****** ****** response ************ ******.

Cameras *** ***

******* ******* ********* *** ability ** *** **** action, ** ** **** recorded ***** *** ******* leading ** ** ** event. *** **** ** the ******** - ***** ways, ******* ****, ********, and ********** ***** ****** selection *** ****** ** similar ** ***** ********** facilities. 

******** ******* ** ***** many ******** ****** **** coverage, ***** **** * goal ** ***** **** to ******** *** ****** in *** ******. **** cameras **** **** ********** recording, ****** *********** ** a ******* *********. **** video *** ** **** to *********** ********* ******* fans, ***** **** ** determine *** ********* ** any **************. 

** ******* **** ***** of ******,***** **** ********** ******* *** **** ****** ** stadiums. *****-****** ******* *** also **** ***** ***** areas ******* ****** ** install ******** ********** *******.

*** ******** **** **** open ***** ** ******* exposed ** ******* *****, particular ********* ***** ** be **** ** ******* selected ** ****** **** can ****** *** ******* range ** ******** ***********.

**** *** ****** ****** stadiums ** ****, ******** security ********* ** *** details ** ******* **** may ** ******** ** suspicious ** ********* ** other *********.

*** ******* *** ***** selected ***** ** ** ability ** ****** **** live *** ******** ***** easily. *****-****** ************ ******** is * *** *******, as **** ** ** ability ** ******** *** export ***** ******. ************* features ******* ******** ********* may **** ** *******, as ********* *** ********* be ** ******** *********.

Camera ****** ********

**** **** ********** ******* are ****** ** ******* layouts (*.*., **, ****, 16MP, ****, ***.), ******** across *** ******* ******* seating *****. **** ****** helps ****** **** ***** of *****, ** ********* will ********* ** ******* out ******* *** *****.

******** ********, **** ***** rectangular *****, **** ** have longer ***** (*** **** to *** ****) *** shorter ***** ****** *** sidelines.

*** ********* ***** ***** an**** ********** ******** ***** layout, **** **** ******* ***** 50mm ****** ** ***** ******* areas. ***** ***** ******* ~25-35ppf *** *** *** zone *******, *** **-***** for *** ******** *******. This ***** ********* ** ****** to ******* ********** ****** to ********* *********** ********* of ********** *** *****. These **** ******* ***** be ******** ** *** opposite ***** ** *** stadium *** **** ********. 

**** *** ********** ******* (for *** **** *** bottom *****) ******** *** full ******** *** *** shown ** ******** ****** clutter ** *** *****. 

******** ******** **** ** have ******* ******* ************ near *** *******/******* ****, and *** ** **** to ******* ********* ***** cameras *** ** **** concentrated, ****** ************ *** field-of-view ****** ******. ****** ********** ******** ******* layout******* ** ***** *****:

*** ******** ** *** outfield *****, ********** ******* would ** *******, ******** from *** ******* **** of *** ******* ** the ******** *****.  

*** *** ******* ****** layout, ********* **** ***** to ** **** ** the ****** ** *** seating. ***** *-**** ******* can ***** ** ******* by * ****** ******, 3-tier ******* ******* *** likely ** **** ** least * ******* ** each ******** ** ***** the ******** **** ************.

**** ***** *** **** shots, **** ** **** that ********* **** ** much ****** ** **** days, **** **** ***% motion, ****** **** *** stadium ** ***** (**** test ***** *** **** commonly *********).

Access *******

******** **** **** ********** persons, *** ***** ****** holders, **** ****** ** the ********, *** *** not ******** ********** ***** in **** ****, *** a *** **** ** ensuring *** ****** ** the *****.

*** *** ****/********* ******** *** facility, ********* *******, ***** and ************, ****** ** subject ** *********, *** required ** **** ***** ID **** ********** ***** role ** ********. *** may **** ****** ******** or ****** ** ****** with ******** *********** * persons **** **** * distance, ***** *** **** guards ********* ** *** person ** *********** ** an ********** ****.

Bag *********

*******, **** *** ******** using *-*** *********, ******* this ** *** ****** practical *** ** *****, or ****** ****** ** ******** attendees **** *** ********.

** ** ***********, **** stadiums **** *********** ******** that ***** **** ********* can **** **, ***** specifying **** **** ***** bags *** ** **** to ***** ******** *****, banning ****** *** *********. This ***** ** ****** for ********* ******** ******* and ********* ********* ** quickly **** ********** *****.

Perimeter/Parking ****

*******-***** ******* *** **** as ****** ******, **** vehicles ***** **** ** carry **********, ** ** a ****** **********, ***** driven **** ****** ** harm ** **** ****** gathered ** ** ****.

** ******** *** ****** of ******** ***** **** in ** ******, ** is *********** ** ***** parking **** *** *******, which ***** **** ******** away **** ****** **** entrance *****.

****** *** **** *** areas *** *****/*****/****-******* ******** should **** ** **** at * ******** **** entrances. ******** *** **** to ****** ******** ** carry ********** **** ******* lots ** **** *** areas ** **** ********* for  ******** ***********, *** to ****** **** *** only ******** ******** **** these ********* *** ********** and ********** ** *** stadium ******.

** *** ****** ** the ******* ******** ******* or **** *** ***** to ** ******** ******* from *** *********, **** the *** ** ******** and ***** ***** ** help ******* *** ********* for ******** ** ** driven ** **** ****** and/or **** ******* ***** is ***********.

Advance ******* ** *********

******** ** *********, ********* bags *** *****-** *****, as **** ** ******* logistics ****** ** ********* on *** *******'* *******, and ******** ****** *** ticket ****** *******, ** well ** **** ** the ****** ******** ******* (e.g.: ** ** *****, or *******/****** *** ******** tickets). **** ***** *** expectations ** *******, *** speeds *** ********* ******* if ********* *** ***** of **** **** ** allowed ** ********** ** the ********.

Staff ******* *** ** **********

***** ***** ****** **** distinctive ********, ****** ** the *******. ********** ** uniforms, ***, ** *** other ******* **** ******** a ****** ** * member ** *** ******** staff ****** ** ******* controlled, *** ********* *** at *** *****. ********* whose ********** ** ********** should ** ******** ** surrender ******** *** *** immediately, ** ******* ***** items **** ***** **** or *******, *** **** possibly **** ** * person ******** ** **** as **** ** *** security ***** ** **** access ** *** ********.

Response ********

***** ******** **** ******* will ** ******** ** each *******, ***** *** a ****** ** ******* that **** ******** ***** have ** ******. **** includes *** ******** ********** center ***** *********** ***:

  • ********** ** *****/********* *** tracking *****-*** *** ******* from ******** ***** ***** a ****** *****
  • *********** ******* ** ******* persons, *** ************ ********* response
  • ******* ****** ******* ** other ********** ** *** form ** ******, *****, radio ** ***** ***** as *********** ** *** event *** ********

******** ***** **** ** be *** **** ******* on * ****** ******** plan, *** **** ******* on *** ***** *********. These ****** **** **** from "***** ***" ***** drills **** *** ** done ** * ******* room, ** ****-***** ****** at *** ********, ***** items **** ** ******* to ****** *** ******** medial ********* ******* *** be ********* ** ****-****, and ******** **** ** optimization ** ***** *****, and *********, *** ******* within *** ********.

On-Site **************

** *** ***** ** a ******** ********, ******** may **** ** **** attendees ***** ** ************. Consistency ** *********, *** the ******* ** *** messages ** *** ********* are *** *********. ************** surrounding ** *****, ********* instructions ** ****** ** the *******, *** ************* with *****/***** ****** ** done **** ******* ********** persons, ********** ** **** of *** ******* ******** planning *** *** ***** (e.g.: **** ** ******* of *** **** *** these ****** ** **** communications).

Additional *********

**** *** **** ****** presentations **** *** ******** [link ** ****** *********] available ******, ***** ******* additional *********** ** **** topic.

Comments (7)

In European UEFA certified stadiums is required to cover all the sitting areas with 167 pixel per meter. 

#1, thanks.

Btw, for Americans, 167 pixels per meter = 51 pixels per foot and UEFA is the Union of European Football Associations.

Btw, #1, on average, do you know how many total cameras that requires? 20? 50? Less? More? 4K? Higher res?

Hi John, last year i did a design for a stadium with 50 000 seats and the total MP of the system was 940 MP. Because of the distance across the football field and running track  around the field the distance was 136m wide to a max of 187m length from mounting position to the target area.

My proposal was to mount 32 camera of 30MP from Avigilon.

The customer had another proposal with 420 2MP 36X PTZ cameras.

 

 

#1, thanks. Which proposal did they go with?

IDIS?..

The stadium construction stopped for some problems with soil stabilization , so at this time is unclear what system they will chose. 

I have many years of experience in designing stadium security and 5fps I find desperately slow, specifically for the thrown objects or ignite smoke bombs. I prefer nests of 4K cameras supported with PTZ camera.

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