SNMP / Network Monitoring For Surveillance

Author: IPVM Team, Published on Aug 21, 2018

Surveillance systems typically rely on the the VMS to report issues, but this most often just means knowing a camera is "down" with no warning or detailed information.

Network monitoring systems can give users more insight into their network, from the camera to the switch to the VMS server, but are seen as too complex or expensive to be used in simple surveillance systems.

However, significant practical benefits can be gained by understanding these monitoring platforms, with free software available, and minimal setup time.

In this guide, we take a look at network monitoring specific to surveillance, explain the basics and software available, and give real practical examples of its use.

Topics Covered

In this guide, we cover these topics:

  • What Is SNMP?
  • What Are Traps And Requests?
  • Network Monitoring Software Basics
  • SNMP Integration Challenges
  • Using Network Monitoring Systems Demonstration
  • SNMP Traps Basics
  • Using SNMP Traps
  • Device SNMP Support
  • MIB File Overview
  • Manufacturer MIB Support
  • Default Sensor Support Rare
  • Surveillance Applications
  • Camera Monitoring
  • Server/VMS Monitoring
  • Switch/Router Monitoring
  • Other Related Systems

************ ******* ********* **** ** *** *** *** ** ****** issues, *** **** **** ***** **** ***** ******* * ****** is "****" **** ** ******* ** ******** ***********.

******* ********** ******* *** **** ***** **** ******* **** ***** network, **** *** ****** ** *** ****** ** *** *** server, *** *** **** ** *** ******* ** ********* ** be **** ** ****** ************ *******.

*******, *********** ********* ******** *** ** ****** ** ************* ***** monitoring *********, **** **** ******** *********, *** ******* ***** ****.

** **** *****, ** **** * **** ** ******* ********** specific ** ************, ******* *** ****** *** ******** *********, *** give **** ********* ******** ** *** ***.

Topics *******

** **** *****, ** ***** ***** ******:

  • **** ** ****?
  • **** *** ***** *** ********?
  • ******* ********** ******** ******
  • **** *********** **********
  • ***** ******* ********** ******* *************
  • **** ***** ******
  • ***** **** *****
  • ****** **** *******
  • *** **** ********
  • ************ *** *******
  • ******* ****** ******* ****
  • ************ ************
  • ****** **********
  • ******/*** **********
  • ******/****** **********
  • ***** ******* *******

[***************]

What ** ****?

****** ******* ********** ******** (****) ** **** ** ******* ****** and *********** *********** ** ********* *******. **** *********** ** ****** requested ** ** "*******", **** ** ** **** ********** ******, or **** ** * ******* (****** * "****") ** * device.

  • ******** ********* ******* ******** ***********, **** ** *** *****, *********, disk ***** *****, ***. **** ** ***** ********** ********* ******** a "******" ******* ** ** **** ********** ********, ********* *****.
  • ***** *** **** ** ****** *** ******* ** *********** ******, such ** *********** ******, ***** ****** ********, ****** *********, ***., which ** *** **** * ******** ******.

Network ********** ********

******* *** ********* ***** * *********** ********** ******** ***** ********** SNMP ******** *** ***** (** **** ** ***** *********) *** presents ****** ***********, **** ***** ***********. ******* **** ** *******, servers, ********, ***., *** ***** (**** **** ****** ******* ** a ***) *** *** ** **** "*******" ********** **** ****. A ****** ******** ******** ***** *** ** *********, **** ** pings, ******, *********, ** **********.

***** *** **** ******* ********** ********* *********, *** *********** *********** *** ******** *******, **** **** *** ****. **** ******* ********* *******:

** *** ************** *** **** *****, ** **** **** ******* it ** *** ** *** **** ******* ********* *********. ************, it ****** * **** ******* ** ****** ***** (****, ******* Management ***************, *** *** *****/***, ****, ****, *** ****), *** free ********* *** ** ** *** *******.

SNMP *********** **********

******** *** **** ******* ** ********* **** *****, ***** *** manager **** **** ***** ******** **** ********** ** ******* *** how ** ********* *** ******** (******* ** * ******/*** ***********), while ***** *** ********* **** ** * *** *****.

************, ***** ** ** ******** *** ***** ******** * ******** device ********, ** *** ******* ***** **** ************* *** ******* SNMP ******* ** *** *******, ****** ** ***. *****, **** is ****** ********** ** ******/******** *************, ******* ***** ** ********** for ********** ** **** *** ******* **** ******* *** *********.

Using ******* ********** *******

**** ***** ************ *** ****** ** ****** ******* ** **** as *********** *** ********** ******* ** ******* ********** ********:

SNMP *****

***** *** ********* ***** * ******* **** ** ******, ****** called * ********, ***** ** **** ** ******* *** ********* trap **** **** ****** ***********. ** ***** *** ****, ***** contain ******* ****** **** ********* *********** ********* ********* ** **** or *** ** ***** ****. *** ******* *** ************'* ***** look **** ****:

******-***-**::***********.****.*.*.*.*.*.* = *

******-***-**::***********.****.*.*.*.*.*.* = *

******* **************, **** ******* ** ******* ** *** ****. *******, once *** **** ** ********** **** ****** ***********, ** *** be **** ** ****** ****** ** ******** **** ******** ******.

** ****** ***** ** **** *****:

Device **** *******

**** ******** ****** ** ******, **** ******* ********* ********* *** least ***********, ***** ******* *** ******** ******* **** ******.

  • *******:**** ** ******* ** *** ******* *** *********** ********, ** are ******* ** ****** **** *** **** *******. * *** manufacturers (**** ** ******, ********* *****) ******* **** ******** *******, while ******, ********* ** ********, ****, *** *********, ******* **** detail *** *** ***** (********* *****), **** ** ******** **********, temperature, *** ***** ********* ******, *** **** ** ****. **** cameras **** ******* ******* *** ***** **** *****, ****** *** which ****** *** *** ******** ****** ******.
  • ******* (*******/*****):******* ******* **** ******** ***********, ********* ******** *********** *******, **** as *** ****, ********** ** *** ***, ****** *****, **** I/O, *** ****. *******, ****** **** ************* ** **** ******* due ** *** ****** ** ******* ********* *** *** ******* trial *** ***** ** *** ******* ***** ********** ** *** do *** ****.
  • ******** ****:****** *** *******, ******** **** ****** ******* **** *******, ** least *** ** *** ***. **** *** ** ********** *** manufacturer *** ***** **** *******, *** **** ** ********.
  • ******* ********:*******, **** ******* ******** ******* ******** ***********, ********* ** * port ** **** *****. ********** ** *** *** *** **** port *** ** ******, ***** **** ******,**** *******, *** ****. *******, **** **** ********** ***** **** ** a ****** *** ** ******, ** **** **** ** ********* seen ** * ******** ****** ** ********** *********, *** **** another *******. ******* ** ****, *** ***** **** ** ****** uplinks ** ******** *********** *** ** ********* *******.

Dealing **** ****

**** ** **** ****** ****** ************* **** ********* **** ***************, network ********** ********** ****** ** ******** ** ********* **** *** interpret *** ** ****. ******* ** ****, ************* *** ******* MIB ***** (********** *********** ****) ***** ******* ******* ** ***** requests *** ***** **** *******. ***** ***** *** **************** *** ******* ********** *********** ***** **** **** ** ********* SNMP ****.

**** ***** ***** *** ******** ******' *** ***** (******** ********* *** ********), ***** *** ****** ** ****:

mib file import to monitoring systems

MIBs ********

**** **** *** ***** *** **** ** ************ *** *** available *** *** *************. ***** ****** *** ****** **** **** may ****** ******** * *** ** ******* ***** ******* ** recorders ** ******. **** ***** ***** ************* ***** ***** ****, exactly **** ******* *** ********* ******, ** *** *********** ** more ***** *** ***** *** *************** **** **** *** **** expected ***********.

******* ************* ******** ***** ****, *********:

**** **** **** *** **** ** ******** ********* ************ *****. *******, **** ** * **** ********* ******* *** ****** the ***** ** **** *****.

Default ****** ******* ****

** *** *****, ***** *** *** ************* ***** ******* **** detailed ******* *** ** *** ***, ******* ********* *** *****. For *******, ****** ******** ******** *******, *** ****, *** ** card **** ***** ***** ******** **** *******, *** ****. *******, this ******* ** **** ****.

Surveillance ************

***** *** ******* *** ***** ***** ******* ********** *** ** an *********, *********:

  • ****** **********
  • ******/*** **********
  • *******/********
  • ***** ******* (***, ********)

Camera **********

***** *** ******* ******* ***** *********** ** *******, ********* **/**** status *** **********, **** *** ********** ********** ******* *** ******* more ******.

  • ********** ********** **** ** * ******, ***** *** ** ******* if *** ****** ****** ***** ***** ******* ******, ***** *** indicate ***** ****, **** ** *** ****** ** ***** ***** as ** *** ********** ** *****. **** ********** *** ** performed ****** ** *** ****** (********* ***) ** ** *** switch **** (********* **). *** *******, "******* **" ** *** switchport ***** ***** * ****** ****** **** ** ~*.* **/* (3,367 **/*).

  • ************, ***** * ****** ** ***** **** *** **** ****** of *** ******'* *** ********* ***** ******* *** ****** ** responsive, ********** ** ******* ** ** ********** ** **** ** not. **** ** *** ********* ********** **** * ****** *** failed, ** ***** ******** ** *** ****** *** **** (*** server, *********, ***.) ***** ** ***** ******** ** *****.
  • *******, **** ** **** ***** *** ** *********, ***** *** see *** **** ** *** ****** ** ** ** ****, but ********* ** *******, ** ****. **** ***** ******** *** camera ******** *********, **** ** ******* ** **** ******, ** trying ** **** ** **** ******* *** *** ***********/**** *********/**** framerate *********.

** ******** ** ************, ***** *** **** **** ****** ** historic ****, ***** *** ** **** ** **** *** **** disk ********, ****** ******* *** ********* ** ******** ********, ***. For *******, *** ***** ***** ***** *********** *** ******* ** volume *** ***** **** * ** *** ******, **** *** camera ********* ~*** ** ** ******* *****, *** ********* ***** 6.2 ** *** ******.

Server/Recording **********

******* ********** ******* *** ** **** ** ******* ***** ****** performance, **** ** *** *** ****** ****, **********, *** ****. While ***** ********** *** ********* ***** *********** ******* ** ***** tools, ***** * ********** ****** *********** **** *********** *** ******** servers, *** ****** *** ****** ******* *** ***** ****** **** a *********** ********.

**** **** ****** ******** ******* ******** ** ** *********. **** allows ***** ****** ********** ** ******** ****** ****** *** **** troubleshooting ***********, ***** ******* *****/****** *** ****** *** *** ** correlated ** ***** ******, **** ** **** **********, **** *** usage, ***.

*******, ****** ***** *** ** ********* ** **** ** * high ***** ******* ***** ** ***** ******** ** ***. ** monitoring **** ****** ********* *** ******, ***** *** ** ******* if **** ******* ***** ***** ** ******** *****. *** *******, if ******* *** ***** ******* ** **** ** * ******* of ** **/*, *** **** ****** **** ** *** **/*, but ******* *** ***** ** *** *********, ***** ** ****** a ****** ********* ***** ***** ***** ****** ***********.

********/*******

** **** *****, ****** ***** *** ** *** **** *** of ********** ****** ********** ** *** ****** **** *** ******* the **** ******* ****** ** ******* ********** *** *** *****. However, **** **** ********** ****** ***** ******** ******** *******, ***** typically **** ******* * *******. *** *******, ******* ** * 48 **** ****** *****, ** *** *** **** **** ** displayed ********** (****************, ****************, ***.). ********** *** ***** ** **** switch ***** ******* ** ******** ******* (** *** ***** **** 4 *******), ****** ** **** ****** **** **** *** ***** (critical *******, *******, *******) ***** ** *********.

******* **** ******** * ****** ******* **** ****, *** *** typically ***** **** ***** **** ********. ******* **** ********** ******* additional *********** ** ***** ********, **** ** ******** ******* ** VPN *******, ***** *** ** ****** ** *****-**** *******. *** instance, *** ******* ***** ***** * ********* ****** ** ****, monitoring ******** ****:

Other *******

** ******** ** **** ************ **********, ***** *** ** ********** in ********** ******* ******* ** ****, **** ***** (*************** ***** ******), ******** ******, ** ****** ******* *******. *** ******** ******* available *** **** **** ******, **** ***** ***** **** ********* with ******** *********** ***** ****** ******* *** **** ******* **/**** status ** *******.

Example ******* *** ******

*******, ** **** ***** ** ****** ****** ******* *** ****** which *** ** **** *** **** ** ************ **********:

Test **** *********

***** ****** **** * * ******** ****.

[[****: **** ***** *** ********** ******* ** **** *** ************* updated ** **** ** ******* ******** ****** ************, *** ************, and ******** ******** ** ********** *** ******* *******]]

Comments (15)

*** ********* ******** ********* *** ****** ********* **** *** ***** available. **** *** *** ********* **** *** ******* *** **** can ** ********* **** *** *** ********* ***** ***** *** software ** *********:

** *** ********** ******:
*:\******* *****\*********\******** ********** ******\******-***.***

** *** ********* ******:
*:\******* *****\*********\******** ********* ******\********-***.***

****** ******* ****:

****** **** ***

***** *****, ******!

**** ********! **** ********** ********:

*. * ***** ** ***** ** **** ** ******* *** various ******** (**/**/**) ** ****, **** ** *** **** ****** version. ***** ** *** ******* ***** ***** ** ******** ** find *** ***** ******** *** ******** *** *** ******* *** thus ***** ******* **** ** ********** (** *** *** *** up ** **** **** *******). **** ** *** *** ***** camera ****** ******* **.

*. ** **** **** ************** * *** ***** *** ***** ***** ****, *** ** open ****** *** ********* ****.

*. **** ******* **** ***** ****: ********* ** ****** ** devices, ****** ** *******, ****** *********, *** ***** ******** * lot ** ******* *******.

****** *** ** ** **** *** **** ******, *** **** what ** ** *****

** ***** **, ******* ******* ** * **** ** ****** which *** *** **** ********** **-******* *** ** * **** modern ******.

*** *** ***** ** * ******/**** *** *** ***** **** allows **** ********** ** ** ******* *** *** **** ******* to *** ******* ***** (** ***** ***)

**'** ******** *** ***** *** ********* **** **** *** ** doesn't **** ** *****.

* **** **** ***** (*****://***.*****.***/) *** ***** *** ***** ** a ******, ********* *** ******** **** *** ****, ************* *** graphing.

**** **** *** *** ****** *** * *** **** ******** to ***** *****. *** **** **** ***** ******** *** ** sent ** ******* *** ***** ********* **** *************.

*************(***),**** ****** *** *** ******* ** **** **** *** ********* queries ** **** **** *** ***** **** **** *** "****" closed ****** ********* *** *** ******* ** ******* ** * paid *******.

**** **** ****** ***** ******* *********** **** ***** ********* ******* SNMP ******** *** **** ** ******* *** ******** / ********** in ****** (*** "*" ** ***, *************-********-******).

snmp in ELK

** * *** ***** ***** *** ****/******** *** *** *** Data ********* *** ****** ******/**********.

**** ***** *** *** *** **** *** **** ******.

**** ** ********** *** ****. ** *** ******** *** ***, it's *** ******** *** ** ****. ***'* ***** **** ** Nagios ** ******* ******* ****** *** **** ****** ********** ****** administrators ** ****** *** *** ****** **** *** *****.

****** *******. ** * *********** ***, ******* ******, ************, *** monitoring ** *** ***** ** *** *********, *** ****'** * set ** ****** **'** ******* ** ***** ** *** ** camera *****. ******* **** **** ** ******* ** ***** *** space, *** **** ********* ** **** ** ******** ********* *** like **, **** *** ***** ** ********** *** *********** ********.

**** ** ***** *** ****** ***** ******* *** ** *** limited *** ************* ******* ** ******* ********** *** ***** ******* over * *******. ** ****** * ****** ***** ***** **** in *** * ****** **** ** ***.

****'* ***** **** *******? **** ******* *** **** **** **** the ****** ****

**** **** ***** *** **** ** *******. *** ** ** out ** ***** ** ** **% *** **** ***** *** way, ***. **** ** *** ** ************* ** **** *** traffic ** ** *********.

* ***** ****'* *** **** *** **** ** ***. ** by **** ***** **** *** **** ******* ******, **** *** need *** ** ****** ** ******* **** (*** ***** ** NMS *** **** ** ** ******). *** ** ***'** ******* about ******* ** ****** ****, **** ** ****** ********* ***** SNMP.

****** ****** ** ** *** ***** **** ** ****. **** have ****** ****** ************* ** **** ***** *** **** *******.

Login to read this IPVM report.
Why do I need to log in?
IPVM conducts unique testing and research funded by member's payments enabling us to offer the most independent, accurate and in-depth information.

Related Reports

The Fastest Growing Video Surveillance Sales Organization Ever - Verkada on Apr 17, 2019
Verkada has the fastest growing video surveillance sales organization ever. In less than 2 years, they already have more salespeople in the US...
Dahua Repositionable IR Multi-Imager Camera Tested on Apr 16, 2019
Dahua has released their first repositionable multi-imager camera, the Multi-Flex 4x2MP, claiming integrated IR, true WDR, and flexible...
Axis Supports HD Analog on Apr 15, 2019
In 2017, Axis declared 'Everything is IP': Now, in 2019, Axis has released support for HD analog, with their new encoders.  Why the change?...
Alarm.com Favorability Results 2019 on Apr 15, 2019
The once dot com startup has evolved to become a core provider for home security and is now expanding into commercial. In their first entry in...
ISC West 2019 Report on Apr 12, 2019
The IPVM team has finished at the Sands looking at what companies are offering and how they are changing their positioning. See below for 50+...
Pole Mount Camera Installation Guide on Apr 11, 2019
Poles are a popular but challenging choice for deploying surveillance cameras outdoors. Poles are indispensable for putting cameras at the right...
Hikvision AI Problems Criticized By Chinese Publication on Apr 09, 2019
Hikvision's facial recognition works poorly, causes delays and worsens learning, according to a new investigation by one of China's leading...
Spring 2019 50+ New Products Directory on Apr 08, 2019
We are compiling a list of new products for Spring 2019 and have over 50 already. Contrast to Fall 2018 New Products Directory and Spring 2018...
Spring 2019 IP Networking Course- Register Now on Apr 04, 2019
Register now for the Spring 2019 IP Networking course here. Just $299 for the course. This is the only networking course designed specifically...
Airship VMS Profile on Apr 03, 2019
Airship has been developing VMS software for over 10 years, however, with no outside investment, and minimal marketing, the company is not well...

Most Recent Industry Reports

Access Control Course Spring 2019 - Last Chance on Apr 19, 2019
This is the last chance to register for the Spring Access Control Course. IPVM offers the most comprehensive access control course in the...
Riser vs Plenum Cabling Explained on Apr 18, 2019
You could be spending twice as much for cable as you need. The difference between 'plenum' rated cable and 'riser' rated cable is subtle, but the...
Verint Victimized By Ransomware on Apr 18, 2019
Verint, which is best known in the physical security industry for video surveillance but has built a sizeable cybersecurity business as well, was...
Milestone Drops IFSEC on Apr 18, 2019
Milestone has dropped out of Europe's largest annual security trade show (IFSEC 2019), telling IPVM that they "have found that IFSEC in EMEA no...
The Fastest Growing Video Surveillance Sales Organization Ever - Verkada on Apr 17, 2019
Verkada has the fastest growing video surveillance sales organization ever. In less than 2 years, they already have more salespeople in the US...
Door Operators Access Control Tutorial on Apr 17, 2019
Doors equipped with door operators, specialty devices that automate opening and closing, tend to be quite complex. The mechanisms needed to...
Securadyne CEO: IPVM 'Entertaining For An Ignorant Few' on Apr 16, 2019
Securadyne's CEO Carey Boethel is unhappy with IPVM's report - Failed Integrator Rollup, Securadyne Sells to Guard Giant Allied. Indeed, he...
Dahua Repositionable IR Multi-Imager Camera Tested on Apr 16, 2019
Dahua has released their first repositionable multi-imager camera, the Multi-Flex 4x2MP, claiming integrated IR, true WDR, and flexible...
Strong ISC West 2019 For Manufacturers But Concerns For 2020 March Move on Apr 16, 2019
ISC West 2019 was strong for manufacturers, according to new IPVM survey results of 100+ manufacturers, consistent with 2018 results. However,...
Axis Supports HD Analog on Apr 15, 2019
In 2017, Axis declared 'Everything is IP': Now, in 2019, Axis has released support for HD analog, with their new encoders.  Why the change?...

The world's leading video surveillance information source, IPVM provides the best reporting, testing and training for 10,000+ members globally. Dedicated to independent and objective information, we uniquely refuse any and all advertisements, sponsorship and consulting from manufacturers.

About | FAQ | Contact