Access Control Readers 101

By Aiden Gonzalez, Published Jul 21, 2022, 07:43am EDT (Info+)

With mobile usage rising and more biometric options to consider, selecting readers has become more important in specifying access control systems.

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In this report, IPVM examines the basics of access control readers used in 2022, including:

  • What a reader is
  • Reader types
  • Multifactor readers
  • OSDP and Wiegand
  • Choosing readers

What ** * ******?

******* ******** *********** **** ***** *******, passing *********** ** *** ********** **** then ***** *** ******** ** ****** a **** *** ******.

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******* *** ************** ** *** ********* elements:

  • ***** ** *********** * ****** *******
  • ******** * ********** *** ** ****
  • *** **** ****** ** * ******
  • ************* ********* *** ****** ********

Reader ********** *******

******* ********* **** ******* * *** types ** ***********, ** ********** **** to ** ******* ***** **** *********** they ****** ** ** **** **** a ******. *** ********** ** ***********,*** *********** ***. ***** ***** * ******** ** common ********** ******* ** *******:

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****** ******** ********* ****** ********* *** to ********** *******:

  • *** ****** ** ******* ***, **** 125 *** ****** *** ** *** new ******* **** ***** ******* *** kHz.
  • *** ****** ** ***** ***, *** user ******* ****** *********** ***** ***** that **** * ******* ****** ** readers *** ** **********.
  • *** ************ ***** ** *** ****** recognition *** ****** *******, ***** ******** any ******** ****** ** *** *** specialized ******* **** ******* ****** *********** (not ******** ********* ** '*******' *******).

**** *******, **** ******* *** ********, it ** ********* ** ** **** and ****** ********** ****** ******* ****** to ******* *** *******. ******* *** generally *** ******** *********** ** ******* new ********** *****, ******* ********* *** hardware.

****** *******

****** *********** *** ******* ** **********, ****** ******-******* ******* ** ************ popular ****** ** *** *************. *******, despite *** ***** ************ ** ****** used *** ****** ***********, ***** ****** units *** *** ******* ****** ***********.

** * ******, ******* ***** **** BLE, ***, ** **** ******* **** typically ** ********* *** ********* ** order ** *** ****** ************** ** existing ****** *******. ***** ******** ******** to ******* ***** ******* *** ****** compatibility *****, ***** ******** *** *** common. ********, ***** *** ********* ***** specified ******** ****** ** ******* **** mobile ***-** ******* ****** ****, **** upgrading ** **** ** ***** **** formats.

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****** **** ******** ***********, *** **** mobile *******, *** ******** ****/***** ** mobile ********** ** *********, *** ***** a ********** ****** ****** **** '***** in' * **** ** * ******** mobile **********.

Reader **** *******

******* **** ** * ******* ** shapes, *****, *** ***** *****. *** three **** ****** **** ******* *** wall ******, ******* ******, *** *******.

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**** ***** *******

**** ****** *** ********* ******** *** the *****, **** ******* ** ***** where ***** ** *** * ******** concern *** ***** ** *** ************ site. **** ****** **** ** * variety ** *****. ***** ******* ******* can ***** ** ******* ******** ** drywall ** ******* **** ******, ******* units *** ******* ********** ******** ******** like ********. ************ ********* **** ***** reader ******* ******* *********** ****, ****** BLE/NFC, *** **********.

******* ***** *******

*** ****** ****** ***** **** ***** readers *** *** ** ******, *** instance, ***** ***** ******** ** *****, mullion-mounted ******* *** * ****** ********. Mullion ***** ******* *** ****, ******** just * *** ****** ****, *** are ******** ** ** ********* ** thinner ******** **** ****** **** ******** or *** ***** *********, ******** **** can ** ******* *********, ********* *****. Because *** ******* ******** ******** *** often ********, ************* *** ******* ******** cable *** ********* ** ******* ************. Despite ***** **** *******, ******* ****** are ********* ** *********, ***********, *** mobile *******. ******* ****** *** ** average **** ********* **** **** ***** readers ** ********** *******.

*******

******* *** ** ********** *** ** buttons *** ****** **** (******** ************** numbers) ** ************ ******. ******** ******* can ****** ****** ********* ***** ** removing *** **** *** ********** ****** physical ** ******** ***********, **** *** be ****** ****** *** *******, ********** a ******** ****.

*** ********** ********* ****** ******** ****, dirty ** **** **** *** ******** valid ****:

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Other ****** *****

**** ****** ***** *** ** ****** suited *** ********** **** ***** ***** based ** **** ********** *** **** requirements. ** **** *******, ** ******* biometrics, *****, *** **********.

**********

** ******** ** ***** ****** *****, like **** *******, ***** *** ****** multiple *********** ** *******, ********* ******* typically ****** **** *** **** ** biometric **********.

*** *******, * ****** *** ************ thumbprints *** ********* **** *** ****** other ********** **** **** *****. ***** are **** **********, ** **** *********** readers **** ****** **** **** *** biometric **** *** ***** ****** *** typically ************* **** ********* **** ****** biometric ******.

******* *** ****** ******** *** ** multiple **********, *** ****** ******** ** specific ** *** ********** ****. ** a ******, ********* ******* *** *********** with ********* **********, ***********, *** ******* requirements ******** ** ***** *******. **** typically ***** **** **** ********* **** RF *** ****** *******.

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*********

******** ********, **** ******** ******* ******* the ****** ** *** ****** *******, or, ** **** **** *******, *** system *** ** **** ** **** and ******** ********** ***********. ** **** cases, *** ******** ********* ********* ** not ********* **** ** ****** **********, however, *** ****** ******** ****. ** contrast ** ***** *******, ******** ***** often ******* ******* ********** ******* *** their *** *********** ******/***** ****.

****** ********** ************ *** **** ****** than ***** ****** ******* ******* **** are ********* **** ********* *** *** a ****** *** ****** *** ***-*** video *************.

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** ******** ** ****** ******, ******** units *** **** ******* ** *** a '****** ******' **** ******* *** functions ** *** **** **** ** serve ** * ****** ***. **** can ** **** ** **** ** Verso ****:

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** *******, ********-***** ******* **** **** than ********** ******* (***** ** **** as ** ****), *** *** ***** intercom ******** ***** ******** *** ***** with **** ** ********* *********** ** call *** **** ** *** **** right ****.

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***** *** * ****** ****** ** securing ******* ******* *****. *** ****** reader ************* *** ***** ** *** bollard *****. ***** ******* *** ********* equipped ** **** *********** ** * longer ***** **** ******* ******* **** doors. *******-******* ******* *** **** ******* shielded ******, *********, *** ***** ***** supplies ** ******* ** * **********. This ******** ** ***** ***** ** **** to ****** ************.

******* ****** ****** ************* *** ***** is * **** ***** ********* ******. These ******* ********* ******** *** ***** frequencies ** **** * ********* *******/***** credential ******* ** *** *******. ********* on *** **** *****, ******** *** be ******** ** **** *********** ** front ** *** **** ***** ** opens **, ** *** **** ***** is ********** ** **** *** **** early ******, *** ******* *** ** able ** **** ******* ******* ********.

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********* ******

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*********-******* ******* *** * ****** ************* for ***** **** ******* ** **** throughputs, **** ** ****** ************** ******* swipes ** ****** **** * ******* center ** * ****** ********. ***** readers ***** ******* ******* **** ** install, ** **** *** ** ***** frequently ******* ** ************* *******, **** as ******* *****, ** *********, *** impact *****. *********** ******/******-********* ******* *** recommended *** ***** *********.

Multifactor *******

*********** ******* ****** *** ** **** types ** ***********. *********** ******* *** typically **** ****** ** ****-******** **********, where ********* *** ** **** ***** of *********** **** * ***** ** security, ** ** ***** ***** * choice ** *** **** ************ (*.*. if * **** ******* ** ***** their ****, **** *** ************ **** a ***).

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** ** ********* ** ****, *******, that **** ********** ********** ******** **** overhead **** ** ***** ** ********** data ******* ****** *** ************** ***, for ******** ***********, *** **** ** issuing ****.

Wiegand *** ****

******* *** **** *** **** ********* enabling ************* ******* ******* *** ***********, but ******* ********* ** *** ******* both *** ***** *** *** ********* between *** *** *********.

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*******

******* ** ** ***** ******* ********** with **** *******. *******, ******* ** unencrypted, ********** * ******* **** **** data *** ** ***********. ******** ** OSDP, ******* **** ******** * ******* maximum ****** ******** *** ************* **** the **********. *** ***** ****** ************* is **** ****** ********** ******** ***** wires *** **** ** *** ******* standard, ******** ***** **** ****** ************.

****

*** **** ********** ****** ******** (****) is * *********** ******** ********* ** SIA. **** ******** ****** ******* ************* by ******** ********** ********** ** ***-*** AES. ** **** ****** *** * greater ****** ******** *** ************* ************* between ****** *** **********. **** **-************** allows ******* ************* ** ******* **** LEDs, ******, ***. ***** ** ****-**** conditions. **** **** ****** **** ************ to ** ******* ** ******, ********* larger ******* *********** ** ********** ****. However, **** ** *** ** ****** supported ** ******* ** ******/********** ************* and ********** ***** ****. *******, **** lacks ***** ********** *** *********** ******, making ** ******** *** ************* ** fake **** ***********.

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Choosing *******

**** ** *** *** ************** **** selecting * ****** ** *** ***** from ***** *** **** *** ********** and ****** ** ********, *** ******** you ******* *** ******, *** *** required ************** *** *** ******.

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*****

***** ** *** ********* ****** ** selecting * ******, ** *** ****** should ******* ********** **** *** ****** away *** ******** ***** *** *** far ****** ** ******* *** **** of ************ *****.

  • ****: **** *** ***** ***** ***** categories: ***** (*"-*"), ****** (**"-**"), *** long (*'-**')
  • ******: ****** ******* ********* *** **** up ** **', *** *** ********* tuned ** **** ****** *" - 4" ** *** **** ** * security ******* (** ******* ************* ********* and ******* ******* **** ** ****** user ******* ** *** ****.)
  • **********: ********* **** ***** ****** **** direct ******* *** ******* (************, ***********, palmprints) ** **" - **" *** face *********** ******* ** ***-********* ***** heights

********

*** ****** ************ **** ** ******* consideration ** ********* * ******. ************ for ******* *************, **** ********** *** impact **** *********. ******** *** ******** appearance *** *** **** ******* * reader ****** *** ******* *** *** one **** ** ***, *******-***** ******* are ********** ****** ** ******* ******* moisture *** ********. ******* ******** *** outdoor *** *** ********** ****** ** 'potted' ** **********.

*** ******** ******* ** ******* ********* consideration. **** ******* **** *** ******** the ****, ***** ********* ******** *** require ********* ******** ******** **** ********, as **** ** ******* ************. ******** mounting ********, *** *******, *** ******* gaskets *** ******** *****.

******** **************

*** ***** *** ********* ************ *** reader ************ *** ***** *** ****.

*****: **** ******* ** **** *** operate ** *** ** **** ** 12VDC/24VDC, *** *********** *******, **** ** ruggedized *** ****-***** *****, *** **** different ************. *********, ******* *** *** current **** *******, ********* ******* **** milliamps. ************, ***** *** ******* **** do *** ******* ** * **********. These '*****-*****' ******* ******* **** ******* packs *** ******* ** ******* ***** connection.

****: ******* *** ******** ********* ** controllers **** ********** ******* ***** (***), Cat5/5e/6, ** **/* *****, *** ********** reader ***** *** ******* ***-******* **** gauges ** ******* ******** **** ***** cables ** *********. ******** ******** *** popular ** ***-**** *** ***-**** ******** applications. **** ******* ** ********* ******** or ******** ** ******* ************ **** corrupting **** ************ ******* ******* *** controllers.

********

***** *** ******** ** **** ****** readers:

(*) *** ***** **

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*** *** ***** ** ** * model ** **** ***** ****** **** natively ******** ****** *** **.***** *********** credentials, ** **** ** **** *** and *** ****** ***********. **** **** also ******** **** ******* *** **** protocols.

*** ***** ** ***** *** * street ***** ** ~$*** - $***, but ***** ***** ***** ******* ****** from ******* ****** ** ~$*** ** keypad ****** ** ~$***.

(*) **** ******

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*** **** ****** ** * ******* mount ****** **** ******** **** ****** proximity ***********. ***** ** ** ****** support *** **.***** ** ****** ***********. The ****** ******** **** *******, **** no **** ******** *******.

*** ****** ***** *** * ****** price ** ~$***.

(*) ******** ***** ******

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*** ******** ***** ****** *** ******-********** readers **** ** ********** ********'* ****** credentials. *** ***** ******* ******* **** BLE *** *** ** **** ** 125kHz *** **.***** *****. ***** ******* also ******* **** ******* *** ****.

******** ***** **** ******* *** ********, and ******* ****** *** ********* ****** between ~$*** *** *** ******* **** to ~$*** *** *** ****-**** ****** model ****.

(*) ******* ******** **

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*** ******* ******** ** ** * multifactor ****** ******** *** ******* ***. It ******** *********** ************** **** **** RFID (****** *** **.*****) *** ****** (NFC *** ***) *******. ** **** either ******* ** **** *********.

*** ******** ** ***** *** * street ***** ** ~$***.

Test **** *********

**** ****** ******** ******* *** *******.

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