China PRC Government New National Video Surveillance Standards

By Charles Rollet, Published May 14, 2019, 07:13am EDT

The People's Republic of China (PRC) government has released a new set of overarching standards for authorities to follow when they install video surveillance networks across the country. The standards were drafted over several years by Chinese police and several Chinese manufacturers including Hikvision, Dahua, and Uniview.

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The standards mandate where cameras should be installed, minimum resolution levels, and interoperability requirements, among other aspects, and will be enacted in January 2020.

While these standards are mostly technical, compared to the West, they show three things:

  1. The national-level, top-down attention paid by the PRC to developing video surveillance – e.g. the US has no national video surveillance standards
  2. The close relationship in the PRC between manufacturers and the police in drafting video surveillance policy
  3. A new emphasis from the highest levels on monitoring specific areas, chiefly sites where protests are possible

In this post, we examine:

  • Standards Background
  • Locations Mandated
  • Massive Market Size
  • Special Scrutiny for Protest/Religious Sites
  • Locations Specificity
  • Technical Requirements: Resolution, Light, Pixels
  • Facial Recognition Imaging Requirements
  • Main Agencies Responsible
  • Private Sector Involvement
  • Conclusion

Standards **********

*** ********* *** ****** “Specifications *** ***** ***** Information ********** ** ****** Security *** *****” ** GB *****-****. **** **** officially ******** ** ******** 28 ** **** ****. This ** ************* ************:

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Mandatory *** ********

*** ********* *** ********* but ** *** ********* any ******* *** ************** or *** ********* *** non-adherence.

New ********* ******** ** ***** ** "************" **************

******* *** ***'* **** history ** ******* ********** planning *** ***** ************, from ******** ********** ** *** ***** to ***** **** ***** 2015, ***** *** ** standards **** ** ****** predecessor. **** *** ***** to *********** ******** ***** surveillance ******** ****** *** PRC - ******* **** previously ******* **** ** to *** ******** *** city *****.

********* ** *** ******** of ****** ********'* **************** *** *** *** of ********* ** ***** to ****** * ******* situation, ******* ******* [******** added]:

*** [*******] ****** ******** video ***** *********** ****** isunscientific, ********* *** *********** ** *** ************, *** *********** ****** **** **. The problems of repeated construction in public and key areas causes waste ** **********, or unclear responsibility of what should be built, which does not help maintaining public safety... the current national standards are *** *********** ***********, and the public security video image information systems built by [current]parties ****** ** ************** *** ** *** ************* ** *********, which limits *** ******* ***********.

Long **** ** ********* ********

******** ******** ***** ************ plans **** **** **** vague ***** *********. ******** **** ****, ***** ******** “***%” coverage ** **** *** was********* ** ******* ***** ** ******** as ********* ********** ** “major ********* *** ***** in *** *****" *** “intersections ** ***** *** rural ***** ** ******* regions”.***** *********** **** ***** to *********/********* ****, *** generally *** ** ** installing ******* ** ***** conceivable ****** **** ********.

*** ****** ******** ** much **** ******** ***** locations. *** ***** ******* mandates ***** ************ ************ across *** ********* "*** public *****":

  1. *** **** ***** ** open ****** *** *********** choke ****** **** **** important ********** ********* *** those **** *** *** major *** ******* ********* events, ********** ********, ******** purposes, *** ********* **********.
  2. **** *****, *************, ********, and ******* ** ****** and ***********.
  3. ******** ******* ****** *** provinces, **** ************** ***********, and *****.
  4. ***** ******* *** *******.
  5. ********* *** ***** ** roads *********** ********* ******* in ******.
  6. ********, ***** ********, *******, long-distance *** *********, ** well ** **** ***** and ***** *********** ***** places.
  7. **** ***** *********** ******** rail ********* ******** [*******]
  8. ***** *********** '********* ****** areas'.

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* ****** **** **** another ** ********* ***** the '********/********' ********, ******* generic ****** *********: *******/*** stations, ***** *** ********** buildings, ***** *** ***** financial ************, ******* *** malls, ******* *** ***** educational ************, *********, ***** halls, ******* ***********, ****** cafes, ********, ****** *********.

‘Gathering *****’ *** ********* *****

** ********** **** ** the ******* ** *** first **** ** ******* areas **** "********* ********** influence" **** *** “***** and ******* ********* ******”, an ******* ** **** sure *********** *** ******* monitor *** ******* ** protests **** ** *** Tiananmen ****** ******** ** 1989. "******** ****** *** ******** restricted” ** *** ***,*********** ******* *****.

**** ** ******** ** the ******* ** ******* areas ***** “********* **********” take *****. **** **** in **** *** ******* government’s ************ ** ****** recognition ******* ** ******** mosques (************ **** ******* ********** Forced ****** *********** ******* Across *** *******) ** **** **********.

Massive ****** ****

***** ********* ****** * massive ********** ******** ******.*** ***** **** ********** ** ** $* billion ******** *********:

** ***** ****** ********* and ********** ***** *** “Sharp ****” [********], *** conservative ******** **** **** an *********** ****** ** 30 ******* **** ** 50 ******* **** *** year. [****: ~* **** to * ***]

**** ***** ** ***** to *** ****** ***** American ****** *** ***** surveillance.

Technical ************

*** **** ** *** standards *** *********, ****** fairly ******** *** **** technology *********. *** **** highlights:

  • ************ ***** **** **** a **************** ********** (***)
  • ***** ***** ** ** less **** ** ***
  • *********** **** ******** ********** interoperability ********* **** ** the**/* ***** ********, ** ***** ** ensure *** ******** ** Public ******** *** ****** access ** *** ****** of ********** ***** ************
  • ********** **********: ** **** than *** *** **** environmental ***** ** **** 300 ***. **** ************* lighting ** **** **** 0.1 ***, *** ********** should *** ** **** than *** ***. ** are *** ***** *** they *** ******** ****. 900TVL ** *******, ************* in ****-*** *****, ** the ***** ** *** so **** ** *** difficult. *** *.* ***, 650 *** ****** ******** / ******* ** ************ as **** ******* **** 'super *** *****' ** 'color *** *****' ********* have ******** ******** ******* at *.* ***.

********Pixel ************ are also mandated:

  1. **** ** ** ******** to *********** *** ******** characteristics ** *** ****** (such ** ******, ********, body ****, ***.), *** number ** *** ******** pixels ** *** ****** shall ** ** **** than ***. ** *****, that ** ~** ****** / ** **** ****.
  2. **** ** ** ******** to *********** *** ******** items ** *** ****** (such ** ******** ******, item ****, ***.), *** number ** *** ******** pixels ** *** ****** shall ** ** **** than ***. ** *****, that ** ~** ****** / ** **** ****.
  3. **** ** ** ******** to *********** *** ****** features ** *** ****** (such ** **** *****, facial ********, ***********), *** number ** *** ********** pixels ** *** ******’* head ***** ** ** less **** ***.
  4. **** ** ** ******** to *********** *** ******* type, *** ****** ** horizontal ****** ** *** target ***** ** ** less **** ***.
  5. **** ** ** ******** to *********** *** ******* license ***** ******, *** number ** *** ********** pixels ** *** ******* plate ***** ** ** less **** ***.

Face *********** ************

*** "****** ********" ***** requirement ** *** **** above (#*) ** *** only **** ******* ** facial *********** ** *** entire ********. *** *********** of "*** ****** ** the ********** ****** ** the ******’* **** ***** be ** **** **** 300" ******* * ******* FoV ***** ** **** over * ***** *** a ***** ****** (*** horizontal ****** ******** * head **** ******** ~**** means ~** ********** ****** per ********** ** ~* meter *** **** ********** pixels ** * ***** camera). ***** *** ***** specifications **** ********** *****, we *** ******* ***** this *** ***** ** would *********** ******* ********* tight ****. *** ******* with *****, ****** ***** in *** ********.

Main ********

******* ******** ** *** Chinese ********** **** ******** in ******** ** *** standards, ****** ******** *********'* ******** ** ****** security (*** ***), *** *******'* *** law *********** *********:

*** *** ***-****** ******** involved **** ********** ********-******* agencies:

Companies ********

************* ****************** **** *** ********* co-drafted *** *********:

*** ****** ** ***** involvement ** *******. **** could *** **** ****** mentions **** ***** ********* about ***** **** ** drafting ***** ***********.

** ******* ********* **** listed ** ************* ****** that ** *** ********** as *****'* ***** ************ spending ** **% *** domestic ************* ********** ***** ************ *** been ********** * ******** risk.

**********

*** ********* ******* ** interesting ******* **** *** PRC's ***-**** ****** ** video ************ ******** *** its **********, **** ********** public ******* *** ********. It **** ***** **** authorities, **************, **** *** a ********* **** ************* the*******'* ************* ********** ************ ********.

******, *** ********* *** further ******** ******* *** closely *** ***'* ********** and ***** ************* *** intertwined. ******* ***** ************* have ********** ** **** that *********/*****/***. ********** *** PRC's **** ********** ******* market:** ******** ******, *** ***** ********** this ***** ********** **** video ************ **** *** same **** ** *** smartphone ********, **** **** 3-4 ******* *****.

Comments (5)

Now that Uniview is obviously working at very high levels with the Chinese government it seems like a good time to add them to the same ban as Hikvision and Dahua. If you go back to the very beginning Uniview was a part of Huawei, however, they don't promote that part of their history except in their 2018 company introduction which I find a little strange and was probably done by accident. It would be interesting to see if their 2019 company introduction still mentions Huawei. 

To add insult to injury, Uniview is currently trying to convince customers of Dahua and Hikvision to move across to Uniview because of the ban when Uniview could very well end up on the banned list in the future because of their history with Huawei and their work with the Chinese government.

Check out the below slide from their 2018 company introduction. You can download the entire presentation that the below page was taken from through this link.  https://directory.ifsecglobal.com/Uniview%20Company%20Introduction%202018-file085825.pptx

 

Another funny thing in the above slide is that they do not mention at all that they were sold by Bain to a Chinese company.  I have heard some salespeople from Uniview are still claiming to be owned by Bain even though it is not true. https://ipvm.com/reports/uniview-sold

I wonder how many people knew that Uniview actually came from Huawei and how many people think it is still owned by Bain

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Now that Uniview is working in helping in setting standard parameters like resolution and pixel density ,they should be banned in USA?lol

Let Avigilon or Axis guys give a suggestion to Iran or Syrian in setting some governmental security parameters,then it would be the rite time to ban them also.

Let Herta Security be involved in designing or suggesting face recognition parameters for a government project in Russia, Bann them also in USA :-)

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Haha, do you really think that the collaboration is limited to recommending pixel density and resolution?

i do think if Axis or Aviglon were working in any way with Iran that they would certainly be facing some legal problems such as  Meng Wanzhou from HUAWEI is at the moment. Not sure about Syria but maybe someone else knows

Also not sure if you missed the other point which was that they originated from HUAWEI. Any explanation for that one?

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Update: new standards effort starting around facial recognition. We will track as this develops.

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Main roads, intersections, flyovers...

 flyover translated from British is overpass :)

 

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Funny
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