China PRC Government New National Video Surveillance Standards

By: Charles Rollet, Published on May 14, 2019

The People's Republic of China (PRC) government has released a new set of overarching standards for authorities to follow when they install video surveillance networks across the country. The standards were drafted over several years by Chinese police and several Chinese manufacturers including Hikvision, Dahua, and Uniview.

chinese government surveillance standards

The standards mandate where cameras should be installed, minimum resolution levels, and interoperability requirements, among other aspects, and will be enacted in January 2020.

While these standards are mostly technical, compared to the West, they show three things:

  1. The national-level, top-down attention paid by the PRC to developing video surveillance – e.g. the US has no national video surveillance standards
  2. The close relationship in the PRC between manufacturers and the police in drafting video surveillance policy
  3. A new emphasis from the highest levels on monitoring specific areas, chiefly sites where protests are possible

In this post, we examine:

  • Standards Background
  • Locations Mandated
  • Massive Market Size
  • Special Scrutiny for Protest/Religious Sites
  • Locations Specificity
  • Technical Requirements: Resolution, Light, Pixels
  • Facial Recognition Imaging Requirements
  • Main Agencies Responsible
  • Private Sector Involvement
  • Conclusion

*** ******'* ******** ** China (***) ********** *** released * *** *** of *********** ********* *** authorities ** ****** **** they ******* ***** ************ networks ****** *** *******. The ********* **** ******* over ******* ***** ** Chinese ****** *** ******* Chinese ************* ********* *********, Dahua, *** *******.

chinese government surveillance standards

*** **************** ***** ******* ****** be *********, ******* ********** levels, *** **************** ************, among ***** *******, *** will ** ******* ** January ****.

***** ***** ********* *** mostly *********, ******** ** the ****, **** **** three ******:

  1. *** ********-*****, ***-**** ********* paid ** *** *** to ********** ***** ************ *.*. *** ** has ** ******** ***** surveillance *********
  2. *** ***** ************ ** the *** ******* ************* and *** ****** ** drafting ***** ************ ******
  3. * *** ******** **** the ******* ****** ** monitoring ******** *****, ******* sites ***** ******** *** possible

** **** ****, ** examine:

  • ********* **********
  • ********* ********
  • ******* ****** ****
  • ******* ******** *** *******/********* Sites
  • ********* ***********
  • ********* ************: **********, *****, Pixels
  • ****** *********** ******* ************
  • **** ******** ***********
  • ******* ****** ***********
  • **********

[***************]

Standards **********

*** ********* *** ****** “Specifications *** ***** ***** Information ********** ** ****** Security *** *****” ** GB *****-****. **** **** officially ******** ** ******** 28 ** **** ****. This ** ************* ************:

Mandatory *** ********

*** ********* *** ********* but ** *** ********* any ******* *** ************** or *** ********* *** non-adherence.

New ********* ******** ** ***** ** "************" **************

******* *** ***'* **** history ** ******* ********** planning *** ***** ************, from ******** ********** ** *** ***** to ***** **** ***** 2015, ***** *** ** standards **** ** ****** predecessor. **** *** ***** to *********** ******** ***** surveillance ******** ****** *** PRC - ******* **** previously ******* **** ** to *** ******** *** city *****.

********* ** *** ******** of ****** ********'* **************** *** *** *** of ********* ** ***** to ****** * ******* situation, ******* ******* [******** added]:

*** [*******] ****** ******** video ***** *********** ****** isunscientific, ********* *** *********** ** *** ************, *** *********** ****** **** **. The problems of repeated construction in public and key areas causes waste ** **********, or unclear responsibility of what should be built, which does not help maintaining public safety... the current national standards are *** *********** ***********, and the public security video image information systems built by [current]parties ****** ** ************** *** ** *** ************* ** *********, which limits *** ******* ***********.

Long **** ** ********* ********

******** ******** ***** ************ plans **** **** **** vague ***** *********. ******** **** ****, ***** ******** “***%” coverage ** **** *** was********* ** ******* ***** ** ******** as ********* ********** ** “major ********* *** ***** in *** *****" *** “intersections ** ***** *** rural ***** ** ******* regions”.***** *********** **** ***** to *********/********* ****, *** generally *** ** ** installing ******* ** ***** conceivable ****** **** ********.

*** ****** ******** ** much **** ******** ***** locations. *** ***** ******* mandates ***** ************ ************ across *** ********* "*** public *****":

  1. *** **** ***** ** open ****** *** *********** choke ****** **** **** important ********** ********* *** those **** *** *** major *** ******* ********* events, ********** ********, ******** purposes, *** ********* **********.
  2. **** *****, *************, ********, and ******* ** ****** and ***********.
  3. ******** ******* ****** *** provinces, **** ************** ***********, and *****.
  4. ***** ******* *** *******.
  5. ********* *** ***** ** roads *********** ********* ******* in ******.
  6. ********, ***** ********, *******, long-distance *** *********, ** well ** **** ***** and ***** *********** ***** places.
  7. **** ***** *********** ******** rail ********* ******** [*******]
  8. ***** *********** '********* ****** areas'.

* ****** **** **** another ** ********* ***** the '********/********' ********, ******* generic ****** *********: *******/*** stations, ***** *** ********** buildings, ***** *** ***** financial ************, ******* *** malls, ******* *** ***** educational ************, *********, ***** halls, ******* ***********, ****** cafes, ********, ****** *********.

‘Gathering *****’ *** ********* *****

** ********** **** ** the ******* ** *** first **** ** ******* areas **** "********* ********** influence" **** *** “***** and ******* ********* ******”, an ******* ** **** sure *********** *** ******* monitor *** ******* ** protests **** ** *** Tiananmen ****** ******** ** 1989. "******** ****** *** ******** restricted” ** *** ***,*********** ******* *****.

**** ** ******** ** the ******* ** ******* areas ***** “********* **********” take *****. **** **** in **** *** ******* government’s ************ ** ****** recognition ******* ** ******** mosques (************ **** ******* ********** Forced ****** *********** ******* Across *** *******) ** **** **********.

Massive ****** ****

***** ********* ****** * massive ********** ******** ******.*** ***** **** ********** ** ** $* billion ******** *********:

** ***** ****** ********* and ********** ***** *** “Sharp ****” [********], *** conservative ******** **** **** an *********** ****** ** 30 ******* **** ** 50 ******* **** *** year. [****: ~* **** to * ***]

**** ***** ** ***** to *** ****** ***** American ****** *** ***** surveillance.

Technical ************

*** **** ** *** standards *** *********, ****** fairly ******** *** **** technology *********. *** **** highlights:

  • ************ ***** **** **** a **************** ********** (***)
  • ***** ***** ** ** less **** ** ***
  • *********** **** ******** ********** interoperability ********* **** ** the**/* ***** ********, ** ***** ** ensure *** ******** ** Public ******** *** ****** access ** *** ****** of ********** ***** ************
  • ********** **********: ** **** than *** *** **** environmental ***** ** **** 300 ***. **** ************* lighting ** **** **** 0.1 ***, *** ********** should *** ** **** than *** ***. ** are *** ***** *** they *** ******** ****. 900TVL ** *******, ************* in ****-*** *****, ** the ***** ** *** so **** ** *** difficult. *** *.* ***, 650 *** ****** ******** / ******* ** ************ as **** ******* **** 'super *** *****' ** 'color *** *****' ********* have ******** ******** ******* at *.* ***.

********Pixel ************ are also mandated:

  1. **** ** ** ******** to *********** *** ******** characteristics ** *** ****** (such ** ******, ********, body ****, ***.), *** number ** *** ******** pixels ** *** ****** shall ** ** **** than ***. ** *****, that ** ~** ****** / ** **** ****.
  2. **** ** ** ******** to *********** *** ******** items ** *** ****** (such ** ******** ******, item ****, ***.), *** number ** *** ******** pixels ** *** ****** shall ** ** **** than ***. ** *****, that ** ~** ****** / ** **** ****.
  3. **** ** ** ******** to *********** *** ****** features ** *** ****** (such ** **** *****, facial ********, ***********), *** number ** *** ********** pixels ** *** ******’* head ***** ** ** less **** ***.
  4. **** ** ** ******** to *********** *** ******* type, *** ****** ** horizontal ****** ** *** target ***** ** ** less **** ***.
  5. **** ** ** ******** to *********** *** ******* license ***** ******, *** number ** *** ********** pixels ** *** ******* plate ***** ** ** less **** ***.

Face *********** ************

*** "****** ********" ***** requirement ** *** **** above (#*) ** *** only **** ******* ** facial *********** ** *** entire ********. *** *********** of "*** ****** ** the ********** ****** ** the ******’* **** ***** be ** **** **** 300" ******* * ******* FoV ***** ** **** over * ***** *** a ***** ****** (*** horizontal ****** ******** * head **** ******** ~**** means ~** ********** ****** per ********** ** ~* meter *** **** ********** pixels ** * ***** camera). ***** *** ***** specifications **** ********** *****, we *** ******* ***** this *** ***** ** would *********** ******* ********* tight ****. *** ******* with *****, ****** ***** in *** ********.

Main ********

******* ******** ** *** Chinese ********** **** ******** in ******** ** *** standards, ****** ******** *********'* ******** ** ****** security (*** ***), *** *******'* *** law *********** *********:

*** *** ***-****** ******** involved **** ********** ********-******* agencies:

Companies ********

************* ****************** **** *** ********* co-drafted *** *********:

*** ****** ** ***** involvement ** *******. **** could *** **** ****** mentions **** ***** ********* about ***** **** ** drafting ***** ***********.

** ******* ********* **** listed ** ************* ****** that ** *** ********** as *****'* ***** ************ spending ** **% *** domestic ************* ********** ***** ************ *** been ********** * ******** risk.

**********

*** ********* ******* ** interesting ******* **** *** PRC's ***-**** ****** ** video ************ ******** *** its **********, **** ********** public ******* *** ********. It **** ***** **** authorities, **************, **** *** a ********* **** ************* the*******'* ************* ********** ************ ********.

******, *** ********* *** further ******** ******* *** closely *** ***'* ********** and ***** ************* *** intertwined. ******* ***** ************* have ********** ** **** that *********/*****/***. ********** *** PRC's **** ********** ******* market:** ******** ******, *** ***** ********** this ***** ********** **** video ************ **** *** same **** ** *** smartphone ********, **** **** 3-4 ******* *****.

Comments (3)

*** **** ******* ** obviously ******* ** **** high ****** **** *** Chinese ********** ** ***** like * **** **** to *** **** ** the **** *** ** Hikvision *** *****. ** you ** **** ** the **** ********* ******* was * **** ** Huawei, *******, **** ***'* promote **** **** ** their ******* ****** ** their **** ******* ************ which * **** * little ******* *** *** probably **** ** ********. It ***** ** *********** to *** ** ***** 2019 ******* ************ ***** mentions ******.

** *** ****** ** injury, ******* ** ********* trying ** ******** ********* of ***** *** ********* to **** ****** ** Uniview ******* ** *** ban **** ******* ***** very **** *** ** on *** ****** **** in *** ****** ******* of ***** ******* **** Huawei *** ***** **** with *** ******* **********.

***** *** *** ***** slide **** ***** **** company ************. *** *** download *** ****** ************ that *** ***** **** was ***** **** ******* this ****. *****://*********.***********.***/*******%*********%**************%******-**********.****

******* ***** ***** ** the ***** ***** ** that **** ** *** mention ** *** **** they **** **** ** Bain ** * ******* company. * **** ***** some *********** **** ******* are ***** ******** ** be ***** ** **** even ****** ** ** not ****.*****://****.***/*******/*******-****

* ****** *** **** people **** **** ******* actually **** **** ****** and *** **** ****** think ** ** ***** owned ** ****

*** **** ******* ** working ** ******* ** setting ******** ********** **** resolution *** ***** ******* ,they ****** ** ****** in ***?***

*** ******** ** **** guys **** * ********** to **** ** ****** in ******* **** ************ security **********,**** ** ***** be *** **** **** to *** **** ****.

*** ***** ******** ** involved ** ********* ** suggesting **** *********** ********** for * ********** ******* in ******, **** **** also ** *** :-)

****, ** *** ****** think **** *** ************* is ******* ** ************ pixel ******* *** **********?

* ** ***** ** Axis ** ******* **** working ** *** *** with **** **** **** would ********* ** ****** some ***** ******** **** as **** ******* **** HUAWEI ** ** *** moment. *** **** ***** Syria *** ***** ******* else *****

**** *** **** ** you ****** *** ***** point ***** *** **** they ********** **** ******. Any *********** *** **** one?

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