Fisheye Panoramic Camera Guide

By: Ethan Ace, Published on Aug 31, 2016

Fisheye panoramics have become widespread, with most manufacturers offering fisheyes.

However, with many options, it can be confusing to understand the tradeoffs. In this guide, we explain:

  • Why Panoramic Camers
  • Fisheye Panoramic Basics
  • 'Warped' Video and Dewarping
  • Camera Side vs Client Side Dewarping
  • VMS Integration
  • Fisheye Mounting Heights
  • Ceiling Vs. Wall Mounting
  • Panoramic WDR Availability
  • Panoramic Low Light Weakness
  • IR Panoramic Availability
  • Image Detail Vs. Multi-Imager
  • Fisheye Manufacturer Availability

Multi-imager panoramics, a common alternative to fisheyes, are covered separately in our Multi-Imager camera guide and Repositionable Multi-Imager Camera Guide

******* ********** **** ****** widespread, **** **** ************* offering ********.

*******, **** **** *******, it *** ** ********* to ********** *** *********. ** this *****, ** *******:

  • *** ********* ******
  • ******* ********* ******
  • '******' ***** *** *********
  • ****** **** ** ****** Side *********
  • *** ***********
  • ******* ******** *******
  • ******* **. **** ********
  • ********* *** ************
  • ********* *** ***** ********
  • ** ********* ************
  • ***** ****** **. *****-******
  • ******* ************ ************

*****-****** **********, * ****** alternative ** ********, *** covered ********** ** ********-****** ****** ***** *** ************** *****-****** ****** *****

[***************]

Why **********?

*********** ************ ******* **** capture ********** ************ ** **** (****). "*******" ****** ****** of **** *** ********* no **** **** ** degrees, * ******* ** a ******, ****** **** wide ***** ***-*** ****** options **** ****** **** common. *********, ** *** want * ****** ** see ****** ****** ** to *** ******* **** or *****, *** ***** need ** *** ***** cameras.

** ********, ********* ******* let *** ****** * single ****** **** *** "see" ** "*****" *********. However, *** ******* *** area *** *****, *** lower ******** ******* / ******* **, ***** **** significantly ****** ******* ******** in *** *********. ** examine ***** ********* ********** this ********.

Fisheye ********* *******

*** **** ****** ********* type is *** ******* ******. These ******* **** ***** wide ****** ****** (~***° or ****** ** **** cases) ********* ***** **** dome ********. ** **** a ****** **** *** a ****** ****** ******** the ****** ****.

******* ****** *** ********* not **** ** ***** normal, ****** ***** (**** below), ** *** ***-**** view ** **** ****** for **********, **** **** objects/subjects ********* ****** **** or ********, ********* ** their ******** ** *** room.

** **** **** **** usable *** ********* **** typical ************ *****, **** are ******** ** ******* software. *** ***** ***** shows *** ******** ******* image *** ******** *****.

**** ********* ** * critical ********* ** ******* panoramics. ****** *****, ** itself ** *********** *******. Manufacturers *** ****** ** the ****** ****, ****** side ** ****. *** choice ** ***** ** dewarp ******* *** *********** and ********* *******.

Camera **** *********

********* ** *** ****** side ***** * **** video ****** **** *** VMS *** ******* **** like * *********** ******. Camera **** ********* *** become ************ *******, **** some manufacturers *** ******** **** this ***** ** *********, and ** *** ****** SDK. *** ****** ** easy ***********, ***** ***** cameras *** ****** ********* to **** ** *** VMS. *******, ***** *** three *** ***********.

*** ****** *******

**** ****** ** ********** which ****** ** *** camera **** ******** *******, such ** ********, ********, PTZ **** *, *** area *, ***. ******** of ***** *** ***** below:

*** *** **** ********* all ** ***** *******, typically *** ****** *******, in ***** ** ***** support *** ******. *******, many ***** ** *** support *** ******* **** common *******, ********** ***** using ***** ******* ** direct *******. *** *******, neither *** ***********-****** *** ********* **-******* *** ******** ********** **** multi ******* ** ***** or ********, ******* **** ***** current **** *** ****** from ***** *************.

*** ******* ***********

** ******** ** *** multiple ****** ***********, *** VMS **** **** ******* PTZ ******** *** ****** side ********* *******. ******* this ***********, ***** ******* must ** *** ** via *** *** ********* and *** *********** ****** in *** ***.

****** **** ********* ********* Limitations

**** ***** ****** **** dewarping, *** *** ******* only **** *** ****** stream *** ******* ** *** time. **** ***** **** if ** ******** ****** (360 ********, ****** *******, etc.) ** *** ******** in ******** ** ******* PTZ *******, ** ******** of *** ***** ** provided, **** ****** *********** missed. **** ** ** contrast ** ****** **** dewarped *******, ***** ****** only *** **** ******, with ********* ********* ** the ****** ** ********.

Client **** *********

** ******** ** ****** side *********, ****** **** provides ********* ********, ***** allow *** **** ** view *** ****** **** a ****** ******** ******, and *********** ****** ******* windows ** *** *** client ** **** **** and ******** *****. *** example, ** *** **** below, ** ****** **** warped ******** ** *** window, ***, *** *** degree *********. 

*** **** ********* ** this **** ** ********* versus ****** **** ** that ** ******** **** a ****** ****** ** be ******** ***** *********** overview ***********, ******* ******* of ******** ****** *********** or ******* *** ******* looking ********* ** ** event ******.

 

Client **** ********* ********: ********** *********** ********

********* **** *************' ******* cameras *** ********* ******** a ******** *** *** each. **** ** ****** when ***** *** ****** ************'* VMS ** ****** (*.*., ********* ******* ********* ****-****). *******, ** *** want ** *** * 3rd ***** ***, **** that *** **** ********* that ******* ********. *****, this ** *** **** as ** ** ***********, expensive *** *********** ** each ******* ********* ************, for ********** *** ******* sold.

**** *** *********, **** as******* ************* ********* ********* ********* ** any ******* ******, *********** this ***********/*********** *******, *** this ** ********** ********.

Panomorph ******

********* ****** *** * proprietary **** ** ******* ****, ******* some *** ************ **** a *** ********* ***********. Panomorph ********** ** ******** ** ***********, *** ******* *** lenses *** ******* *** dewarping *** ** ****** for ***********. **********, *********** lenses **** **** ** C/CS ***** ******* ****, to ** **** **** third ***** *** *******, but more ********, **** **** developed M12 ******, ** ****, for *** ** **** cameras, **** *********** ** to ****. ************* **** as *******,******, *** ****** **** ******** models ***** ***** ******. 

********* ****** ***** *** key ********** **** ******* fisheye ******:

  • ************* ****** ***: ***********'* **** ***** ** that **** *** **** of *** ******'* ****** by ***** ** **********, instead ** ******** ******* format which allows *** **** ****** at *** ***** ** the *** *** ************* greater ***** *******.

*******, ** **** *** found *********** ********* *********** in *** *****, **** standard ******* ****** ********** as **** ** ***********-***** models.

  • ******* *******: ****, *** *** ***, major ***** ******* ***********, making **** **** ****** supported **** ******* ****** using ************-******** ****. **** SDK *********** *** ** ImmerVision's ********, ********* **** CS ***** ****** ** well ** ***** ***** their *** ****.

Panomorph *********

*******, ***** *** *** drawbacks ** ****:

  • *********** *** *** ********:************, ***** *** ***** and *** **** ************ been *********** ***** *** fisheye *******, ****** * high *** ****** **** ImmerVision **** **** **********, dome ****** **** **** WDR **********, ********** *** filters, *** ********** ** have ****** ************ ******, making ***** *** ** lenses **** **** ********** in ***** ********* ***** features.
  • ********* ***** **********:***** **** ********** **** become ********** ******, **** *********** enabled ****** *** ******* to *** *** *****, as ** ***** **** end ** ***** ****. Note **** **** ****** resolution ******, **** ** ******'* ***-**** *** ***********, *** *** majority ** ***.
  • ****** ****:********* ****** *** *********. The ******** *.*** ***** sells *** ***** $*** USD, **** *** **** of *** ******. *** newer *** ***** (**** ** Fujinon) ***** *** **** $1000. ** ********, ****** ****** fisheye ****** **** *** $500-800 ** *******, *** do *** ******* ********** integration *** ***** *****.

 

Wall ***** **** ******* *******

***** **** ********* ******* *** be ******* ******* ** wall *******, **** ******* for ***° ** ***° dewarping, **** *********** ****** intended **** *** **** mounting *** *********. ****** typical ******* ******, ***** cameras ********* ****** ******** 180° (** **** ** some *****) ******** ***** only, **** ** ******* for ******** ******* *** views ** ***** ******** types.

**** ** ***** *** standalone ******* (*** *** test ** *******'* ******-**) ***** ****** *** integrated **** ***** **** stations (**** ***** **** *****-*).

Wall ***** ******* ****** **** *** ****

*** **** ********* ** wall ***** ******* ******* is **********, ** **** generally ****** ******* *** output * ******** ******, instead ** ********* **** complex ****** ** ****** side ********* *********** *** setup.

*******, ***** ****** *** generally ***** ********** **** typical ******* *******, *-*** instead ** *-** ***** in ******* **** *** high ********** ******* ******.\

 

Fisheye ******** ****** ** ***

******** ******* ********* ******* low *** ***** ** targets ** ********. ******** ******* ** ********* cameras ***** *********** *** ******* ***** farther **** **** *** camera, ** ********* ******** resulting **** ******** ******* higher ******* **** *****. For ********, * ******* who ** * **** away **** * *.*** 360 ****** **** ** captured ** ~***** *** the **** **** ******* just ** **** **** will ** ******** ** ~20ppf. ****** ***** ** the ******* ** **** 20 **** ****. *** PPF **** ** **** to ***** ***** ******* that *** **** *** no **** **** * blob.

** ********** ****, **** animation ***** *** ********** in ******* ********* ** the **** ********* ******, mounted ** **', **', and **'.

****** ***** ******** **** or *** ********* ****** to *** *** ****** closer (** ******, **** the *********** **** **** may ** ************* ***********).

Ceiling **. **** ********

*** ******** ** ******* to ***** * ******* camera ** *** ******* or **** *********** ******* on ***** ******** *** likely ** **** ******* the *****.

  • **** **** ** ********:** ******* ** ** observed *** ****** ** move ********** *** ***** and *** **** **** the ******, ***** * ceiling ***** ****** ** likely *** ****** ******, as ** *** ******** details ** ******* *** far **** *** * wall ***** ****** ** capture.
  • ****** **** ** ********:** ******* *** ****** to *****/**** ******* *** or *** *********, **** mounting * ******* ****** is ****** ** ******* better ******* ** ******** as **** **** *** to *** ***** ***** of ********* (********* *****).

******* ****** *** *** test ********* ******* **** ** Ceiling ***** *** **** ******* *** image ******* ******** ** this *****.

Fisheye **** *** ************ *********

**** *** *********** *** ****** ****** ** fisheye ******, ***** ********** it *** ********* ** few ******* ** ******** a ******** ****** *** Panomorph **** ** ** used. *** *******, *** clip ***** ***** *** performance ** ***** *******, two ** ***** *** true *** (**** *** right) *** *** ***** is *** (******).

Fisheye ************ **** *** *****

********* ******* **** ************ been ********** **** ** low *****, ***** ********** noisy ** **** ****** in **** ******** *** light. **** ** *** to *** ************ *******:

  • **** *-**** ******: ******* ****** ********* **** * high*-****(*/*.* ** */*.* *** traditional *******) ******* ** ~75% **** *****.
  • **** **********: ***** ******* ****** *** frequently ***, ***, ****, etc., ****** *** ****** smaller *** ******* **** light.

******* ** ****, ***** should ****** **** ********** fisheye ****** ** **** moderately *** ***** (*-***), as ***** *** *********** is ********.

IR ******* **********

** ****** ******* *******' poor *** ***** ***********, many ************* **** ********** integrated ** ******, **** illuminators ******** * ***° field ** ****. *** example, *** ********** ***** shows *** **** **** end ******, **** *** Hikvision **** ************* *** Panasonic **** ** *** light *** ** *** integrated **.

**** **** ******* ***** advancements, ******, ***** ****** be **** ******* ***** using ********** ** ******* dark *****, ** *** performance ***** ***** ** not ******* ** *** panoramic (******* ** *****-******) cameras.

Fisheye ************

** ****, ****** ***** manufacturer ******** ** ***** one ******* ********* ****** in ***** ******, **** most ******** **** **** one ** ********* ***********, feature **** (***/**), ****** and ******* ********, ***. 

******** **** ** **** a *** ***** *** when ******* ********* ****** were ********** ********** ******* and **** ********* **** a ******* ** *************.

**** **** **** ******* panoramic ******* ****** **** common **** *****-****** ******, but *** *****-****** ******* has ***** ************* ** the **** *-* *****.

 

Image ******* **. *****-******

**** *********** **** ***** panoramic ********, ***** ****** carefully ******** *** ************, as ****** ****** *** likely ****** ****** ** multi ****** ******.

*** *******, *** ***** below ***** *** ******** detail between * ****** ****** fisheye ******, * ***° multi-imager (**° *** ******), and * ***°. **** the ******* ~**' **** the ******* ******* ** the ******* *** ******* lines ** *** **** chart *** ******* **** in *** ******* *****.

**** *** ******* ** ~30' **** *** *******, the ******* ********* ******** no ****** ******* **********, while *** ***° *****-****** still ******** *** ******* lines ** *** ***** and **** ***** ******* details. ** **** ********, the ***° *****-****** ***** provides ************ ******* ** the *******.

****: ** ******* ******* of **** ***** ******* both ******* *** *****-*******. This *** **** ***** into * ****** ** reflect *** ****** ** panoramics, *** **** *** our *****-****** ****** ***** *** ************** *****-****** ****** *****.

Comments (4)

Well done.

Great article! One thing I've always theorized, but have never been able to test is the potential downside of using client side dewarped fisheye panoramics use of additional client PC resources when dewarped. I'm sure this is negligible if dewarping one or two, but if you have a large amount of this style camera being dewarped it could be an issue.

Fisheye camera seems interesting but cost more...

The idea is you get more coverage with a single fisheye camera versus multiple fixed cameras which is how you save money with fisheye cameras. 

Login to read this IPVM report.
Why do I need to log in?
IPVM conducts unique testing and research funded by member's payments enabling us to offer the most independent, accurate and in-depth information.

Related Reports

Securing Access Control Installations Tutorial on Oct 17, 2019
The physical security of access control components is critical to ensuring that a facility is truly secure. Otherwise, the entire system can be...
Pelco Sarix Pro3 Camera Tested on Oct 16, 2019
Pelco has released their Sarix Professional Series 3 cameras, claiming "more security detail in challenging scenes with excellent low light and...
IPVM Camera Calculator User Manual / Guide on Oct 16, 2019
Learn how to use the IPVM Camera Calculator. The guide below includes instructions, images, gifs, and videos demonstrating and explaining the...
Camera Focusing Tutorial on Oct 14, 2019
Camera focus is fundamental to quality imaging. Mistakes can significantly reduce details, making cameras less effective. In this guide, we...
Axis HD Analog Encoder Tested on Oct 11, 2019
Two years after declaring "Everything is IP", Axis has released their first HD analog encoder, the P7304, with support for AHD, CVI, TVI, and SD...
Last Chance - Register Now - October 2019 IP Networking Course on Oct 10, 2019
Last Chance - Register Now - Fall 2019 IP Networking Course. The course starts next week. This is the only networking course designed...
Network Optix NxWitness 4.0 Tested on Oct 10, 2019
Network Optix released Nx Witness 4.0, proclaiming new features like a deep learning analytics metadata SDK, increased H.265 support, and UX...
Avigilon H5A Analytic Cameras Tested on Oct 07, 2019
Avigilon has released its H5A analytic cameras, claiming to "detect more objects with greater accuracy even in crowded scenes." We tested the...
Crisis At China's Largest VMS Provider, Netposa, Now State-Controlled on Oct 07, 2019
NetPosa, which bills itself as the PRC's largest VMS provider, is in a crisis. The firm is pursuing huge unpaid bills from clients, and its...
Hikvision ColorVu is Smart Marketing on Oct 03, 2019
Hikvision ColorVu (see IPVM test results) is smart marketing, a lesson to be learned by competitors and a rising trend. Inside this note, we...

Most Recent Industry Reports

US DoD Comments on Huawei, Hikvision, Dahua Cyber Security Concerns on Oct 16, 2019
A senior DoD official said the US is "concerned" with the cybersecurity of Hikvision, Dahua, and Huawei due to "CCP" (China Communist Party)...
Pelco Sarix Pro3 Camera Tested on Oct 16, 2019
Pelco has released their Sarix Professional Series 3 cameras, claiming "more security detail in challenging scenes with excellent low light and...
IPVM Camera Calculator User Manual / Guide on Oct 16, 2019
Learn how to use the IPVM Camera Calculator. The guide below includes instructions, images, gifs, and videos demonstrating and explaining the...
Altronix Claims Tango 'Eliminates Electricians' on Oct 15, 2019
Power supply provider Altronix claims its new Tango power supply 'eliminates the need for an electrician, dedicated conduit and wire runs'. In...
Pelco CEO Out, Seeking New Industry CEO, New CEO Found on Oct 15, 2019
Just 2 months after Pelco was sold, Pelco's CEO is out, with Pelco bringing in an outside President and searching for a new CEO from the industry,...
Hikvision Dissolves North American Business Unit, Splits Canada and USA on Oct 15, 2019
Hikvision has dissolved its North American Business Unit, splitting up US and Canada operations as the PRC-government owned manufacturer faces...
Camera Focusing Tutorial on Oct 14, 2019
Camera focus is fundamental to quality imaging. Mistakes can significantly reduce details, making cameras less effective. In this guide, we...
"UL Has Blood On Their Hands" Alleges The Interceptor / Keith Jentoft on Oct 14, 2019
"UL has blood on their hands" alleges Keith Jentoft of "The Interceptor Project". We examined The Interceptor in-depth last year, see: The...
Access Control Course Fall 2019 - Last Chance on Oct 14, 2019
Register Now - Fall 2019 Access Control Course. Thursday, October 17th is the last day to register. IPVM offers the most comprehensive access...
Axis HD Analog Encoder Tested on Oct 11, 2019
Two years after declaring "Everything is IP", Axis has released their first HD analog encoder, the P7304, with support for AHD, CVI, TVI, and SD...