Hikvision Temperature Screening Tested

By: Ethan Ace, Published on May 20, 2020

Hikvision has ramped up the promotion of its 'temperature screening' system, including their salespeople arguing for no blackbody needed. But how well does it work with and without the blackbody?

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We bought and tested the Hikvision system and inside this report, we examine:

  • Hikvision's accuracy compared to an IR thermometer
  • How performance compares with and without the blackbody
  • Hikvision's temperature measurement strategy and what it gains and loses from this approach
  • How Hikvision misses 'elevated skin temperature' detections
  • Which conditions triggered elevated skin temperature detections
  • How software setup impacts performance and measurements
  • How Hikvision's engineering recommendations compare with their sales and marketing

This is the 5th in our series, joining Dahua Thermal Temperature Monitoring System Tested, Seek Scan Thermal Temperature Screening System Tested, Sunell Panda Cam Body Temperature Measurement Camera Tested and Smartphone Thermal Camera Body Temperature Measurement Tested (FLIR / Seek). Upcoming reports on FLIR, ZKteco, and more are on the way.

********* *** ****** ** the ********* ***** '*********** *********' ******, ********* **************** ******* *** ** blackbody ******. *** *** **** does ** **** **** and ******* *** *********?

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** ****** *** ****** the********* ********* ****** **** ******, we *******:

  • *********'* ******** ******** ** an ** ***********
  • *** *********** ******** **** and ******* *** *********
  • *********'* *********** *********** ******** and **** ** ***** and ***** **** **** approach
  • *** ********* ****** '******** skin ***********' **********
  • ***** ********** ********* ******** skin *********** **********
  • *** ******** ***** ******* performance *** ************
  • *** *********'* *********** *************** compare **** ***** ***** and *********

**** ** *** *** in *** ******, ************ ******* *********** ********** System ******,**** **** ******* *********** Screening ****** ******,****** ***** *** **** Temperature *********** ****** ******************* ******* ****** **** Temperature *********** ****** (**** / ****). ******** ******* ** FLIR, ******, *** **** are ** *** ***.

[***************]

*******

*********

** *** ******** ****, our ******* ***** **** Hikvision ********* ******** *********** readings ** ******** ****** ±0.5°F ** ** ** thermometer **** ******** ********** and ***** *** *********. Additionally, *** ******** **** consistently *********** ****** **** provided ** ********* ***** of *******.

*********

*******, **** **** *** blackbody, ** ************ ************* elevated ************ ** ~*.*°* (e.g., **.*°* ******** ** 99.8°F **** * ** Hikvision ******* ***** *********** of **.*°*).

********, ******* *** *********, the ******'* *********** **** outside ** *** *** specifications (±*.*°*), **** ****** detections *** ***** ****** both ********** ** ** single ****** ******** *********** for *** ******** ********, despite********* ***********'* ****** **** they ** *** ******* a *********.** ********** ** *** recommend ****** ** *** the ****** ******* * blackbody ** *** ********* variance **** ******* ****** increased ********.

************, **** *****, *********'* temperature ************ ********* ************ raises *** ************ ** faces ******** ** ****** to **** ***********, ********* subjects ****** ** **** rates ** ***** ** with ***** ********* ******** by ********* **** ****** than ***** ****, **** as **** ** **** cardboard.

*******, ********* **** ******** the ********, ** ******* at *** ***** *******, which ** ********* ** testing *** **** *********.

Increased ****** ******* *********

*** ********* ****** ****** less ******** ******* *** blackbody, **** **** ********* false ****** *** ****** detections.

*** *******, *** ****** missed ******** ******** ************ both **** *** ******* the *********. *******, *** margin ******* ******** *********** and *********** ******** ** IR *********** ************* ********* when ***** *** ****** alone.

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********* ******** ******* *********

**** ***** *********'* *********, we ***** ************ ** generally **** ****** ***** ±0.5°F ************* ***** ****** manual ***********. *******, **** attempting ** ********* *** camera ******* *** *********, measured ************ ****** ******, generally ********** ****** *** non-blackbody ************* ** ±*.*°* (typically ±*.* ** ±*.**). This *********** ******** ** false ****** **** ***** Hikvision's ********* ******, **** some ******** ******** ****** than ******, ********** ***** alerts:

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Only ******** *********** *********** / ** ***** ******* *********

********* **** **** ********' foreheads *** **** *********** measurement, ***** ** *** testing *** ********* ** Hikvision ***********. *** ****** does *** *** ***** areas ** *** ****, such ** *** ***** canthus, **** ** **** are ********* *** ****** than *** ********.

** * *************, *** subject ***** ****** *** left ***** ** **** 101°F ***** * *** water ******, *** *** camera ********* ** ******* him ** ~**.*°* ***** on *** ******** *******, highlighted ** *** *** crosshair:

******, ** *** ******* below, *** ****** ******** cardboard ***** ******** *** subject's **** *** ********, measuring *** ******* ** 95.2°despite ***** ****** ** clearly *** *** ****. Again, *** *** ********* shows *** ****** ******** to ******* *** *******'* "forehead" ****.

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**** ***** ** *** forehead *** ***** ******** as ** *** ** easily ********. *** *******, simply ****** **** ******** the ******** ******** * 102°F ***********:

******* *** ******* **** wearing ****, ********** ** other **** *********.

Hikvision *********

** *** ***********, ********* said **** *** ****** previously ******** ***** ***** of *** ****, **** as *** ***** *******, but **** ***** *** forehead **** ******** **** consistent ******* **** ********* back *** ***** ******* the ******** *** ***** canthus (*.*., *** ***** canthus *** ** ******* by *******).

*** *******, **** *******, is **** *** ******** is ***** ** **** increased *********** *** ***** as ****** *** ******** from ********** ****** ** colder ***** (*.*., ****** indoors ****** *** ****** or ******).

Elevated *********** ***********

** ******** *****, *** subjects ******** *** *********** of *** ******** ***** a *** ***** ****** in *** *** ****° F. *** ******* *** then ******** ** *** Hikvision ******, *** ******* by * ******** ** thermometer (****** *****).

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***** ****** *** ****** measures ********* ********* ****** sick ** *********** ******** people, **** ******** ** similar ** **** ************* use ** ***** ***** systems *** *****. *** approach ******** ** *********** the ****** ************ ** realistic ***** ****** *** verifying *****.

*** *********** ** ************ in **** (*) ** heated *** ****** ******** and (*) ** *** Hikvision ******* *** ******* before ** *** *** IR *** *** ** the *********** *** ******* between ********* *** *** IR ***'* ***********, *** subject ****, *********, **** slightly.

Compensating *********

*********'* ****** **** ** algorithm ** ******** ***** body *********** ***** ** skin ***********, ******* ** Dahua *** ******. *** cooler *** ******, *** larger *** ****** ******* Hikvision ******** *********** *** measured ******* *********** (***** an ** *********** ***).

*** ***** ***** ***** the ********** ******* ********* measurements *** ******* *********** measured **** * ***********. Note **** ******* **** similar **** *** ******* the *********.

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*********'* ********* ** ******* to ******, *** **** aggressive **** *****. ***** Dahua's ****** ******* ** a ******** ** *° near **** ***********, *********'* offset *** ***** **** than *° ** *** tests, ******* **** **°* surface *********** ** ****** 102°F.

*******, ****** ****** *** similar ** *****, ********* attempts ** ******* ************ of ***** *********** ** poor **********, ********* *****. By ********, ****** ****** displayed ** *****-*********** ********** for ******* ***** **°.

Bad ***** ****** **** ****** ***********

*********, **** *****, ********** raised ********* *********** ** close ** ******* **** temperature, ******* **** *********** or **** ********* ***** make *********** *********.

*** *******, **** **** the ******* ******* *** top **** ** ***** face, ********* *** **** and ******** (*** ******* parts ** *** ****), Hikvision ******** * **.*°* measurement.

**** *** ******* ****** past ** * **********, he *** ******** *** measured ** ********* ** 97.5°F. ***** ***** ** iVMS-4200, *** ****** ******* the *******, *** ** is *******, ****** ** fast *** ******** *** appears ****** ***.

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******* ******* **** **** when ******* ** ******, as ****, ******* ** Dahua. ** ********, ****** generally ******* ***** ******* as *****-*********** (******* ******** box ****).

Hikvision ********** ********* ********** / ** ****** ***********

********* *********** ** ** that ****** *** ******** be **** ** *******, with ** **** ** use ****** *********** (***** temperature ************) ** ****** ambient *********** *********** ****** readings *** ******* ** the ******'* ***** (±*.*°* with *********, ±*.*°* *******).

** *** *****, ***** on **** **************, ****** calibration *** ***** ********** required, **** *** ****** most ***** ******* ******** lower **** ****** *********** by ** **** ** 1.2°F ******* *********, *** closer ** ~*.*-*.*°* **** it.

** ****** ***** *** other ******** ** **** video:

Engineering *************** **. ********* ******

*********'* *************** *** *********** screening ***** *** ******* to ****** **** ***** and ******, **** ******** approaching ** * ****** file, ******* ** **** past *** *********, *** then ******* *** ** the *****.

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**** ******* ** ******, they ********* ********** *** camera *******, ** ** area **** "********** *********** condition" *** **** ******** stay ******* *** **** than * ******* ***** to ***********.

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******** ** ***** ***************, a ****** ** ***** marketing ****** **** ******* set ** ******** ****** entrances, **** ****** ********* and *******/******* *****, *** subjects ******** *********** ***** entering.

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*******, ********* *** *** false ***** ** ******** entering **** *******. ** shown ** *** ***** below, *** ****** ******* measurement ******** ** ******* located ** *** *******'* forehead **********, ******** *** hotter ******** ****** *** which ********* **** ***** and ******.

********* ** *********, **** should ** ******* ***** to ***********. ***** **** is *** ********** ** their ********* ** ***** guides, **** ** ***** marketing ******** ****, **** no ******** ** **** found ** ***** **** videos ** *********. *******, the ****** ** *** Hikvision ****** ******* **** still ***** *** ******** in ****, ***** ****:

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** ***** *****, **** block ***********, **** *** camera ***** ********** ** measure *** ********, ******* much ***** **** ****** due ** *** *** covering. ********* **** **** plan ** ****** **** image **** ***** *********. We **** ****** *********** if/when ** ** *******.

Live ********** *********** ******

*********'* ****-**** ****** ******** temperature *********** ****** **** the ****** ** **** time, ******* ** ***** analytic ******. ***** ** no ********* **** *** temperature *********.

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Physical ********

*** **-********-**/* ** * similar **** *** **** factor ******** ** ***** Hikvision ****** *******, **** the ******** ** *** second ******* ****/******.

*** **-**** ********* ** similar ** ****** ** our *****, **** ** Dahua *** ******, ***** 4" ****** ** *" long, *** ********** **** 30°C ** **°* (**° - ***°*).

** ****** *** ************ of *** ****** *** blackbody ** **** *****:

*******

*********'* ******* ********* ******* are ****** ** ~$*,***-**,*** USD ******, ********* ** resolution *** ****. *** blackbody ********** ** **** separately, ******* ~$*,***-*,***.

**** ******* ** ******* to *********** ***** *** blackbodies, **** ** ***** and ******, **** ** the $**,***-**,*** *****. *********'* camera ******* (******* *** blackbody) ** ******* ******'* ****/**** ******, ***** ***** **** $8,000-12,000.

Upcoming ***** ***** ****** ********

** **** ** ******** 'China' '***** ******' ******** to **** ***** ******** the **** *** **** of *****, ********* *** Sunell.

Comments (30)

*’** *** ** ****** all ***. ** ********* left.

*** *** ** ** that ****** ***** *** this ******** *** *** intended *******???

* **** ***’* *** it.

** *** ****** ***** to ********** ****** *** fevers ***** ******* ****** technology, *** *********** *** screening ********** **** ** highly ********* *** *********. Period.

**** ****, ************ (***-*******) carriers ** *** ***** will *** *******.

** **** **** *** been ********?

**** ** ******** **** (no *** ********) ** me ** **** ***** but * ****** ***** of * ******* ***-********* of ********** ** ** entire ******.

************* ***** **** ****** Agree ****, *** * am **** ***, *** of ***** ** ****** solutions ****** ** ** more ** * ******* than * ******* ********.

***** ****, **** ********** put.

**,

***** **** *** **** valid ******.

**** *, ** *** current ****** ******* * think ** ***** ** beneficial ** **** ** full, ***** (**** **********) tests *** ******** ** all ******** *** *** just ***********. *.*. **** a ********* ******** ******** us ** ****** ****** them ** **** *********** independent ******* *** ****** in ***** ** ******* the *********** ** *** technology.

******** ****** *** **** need ** ******* **** a ******* ******* ****** is *** * ********** test ** ********* **** working ************ *** *******.

**** ** *** ************* measure *** *** * medical ************ **** ** employee **** *** **** the ***** ** ***** measures **** ** ****** in *****.

******* **** **** ********** solution **** ** ***** and *******. *** ***** testing *** ***** ******* solution? **** ***** ** be *** ** *** few ******* ********* **** ducts **** ***********, **** with ** ******** *** without ** ******** *******. Possibly ** ********* ** buy *** **** ***** be ** *****.

*** * ************ **** on **** ********** ****** research.

*** *** ******** ********** that ** ***** ******** as * ''*****

******" ********. *********** *** jumping ** **** ****** this

****** ****** *** ************* they *** ***** ********* in

**** ***** ******* *** correct ********** ***** ** place.

*** ******** ** ****** and ********* ****** **** so ******

******* *** * ******* need ***** ***********.

**** ***'* ***** ***** targets **'* ***** ******* lives.

*** ******** **** ** absolutely **** ** '***-********* of

**********'.

* **** **** ********* for **** ******* ***********.

** * ******* *****, one *** ***** **** Team *** ********** ***** original ******* ***********, ***** is **** ****** *** fairly ********-*****.

*******, ** ** ********* to ** ******* ** the *******.*** ********* ************ you *** ***-******* ******** InfraRed *********** ****** **********: ***-******* ******** ******** Thermometer | ****** ***********

**** *********** *** *** following **** ***************

**** *********** ***** **.* to ***.*°* (** ** 42.5°C) ***** ******** ±*.*°*/*.*°* Surface *********** ***** ** to ***°* (* ** 60°C) ***** ******** ±*.*°* (±0.8°C) ********** *.*°*/°* ******** Time *****

*** **** **** **** into ******* *** ******** of **** ********* ***********? How *** *** ********* / **** **** ********* thermometer?What **** ******** **** it ****?

**** *** ** *** today?

**** ***** $**-*** ******* with ****** ******** ±*.*°*/*.*°********, for ********* ************, * $100 *********** ** **** with ** ******** ±*.*°*/*.*°* (maybe ****).

** ** **** **** known **** *** ******** of ************ ** ******* affected ** *** ******** to *** ****** / surface. ****** ***** *********** distance ****** ** * to **** (* ** 6”). *** ********** **** this ******** *** **** significant *********** ******.

*** ** *** ***** this *** ********* ****** in *** ******* ** your ************? ** **, how *** *** **** test ******* ** **********?

*** **** ** **** borderline ***** ******* *** conclusions **** **** *****?

** ***** ********* **** already **** ***** *** IPVM ********, ***** *** the **********.

***** *** ** ******* for *************.

#*, ****** *** ** excellent ***** *******! * am ***** ** *** Ethan **** ***** *** details ** *** ** measure ***********, ** *** testing **** *** *** numerous ****, ********, ********, etc. ************ **** **** use.

**** *******, **** ******* is * **** **** that ** ****** **** a ****** ** **** topic, *.*., "*** ** Test ***** *******". **'** now ****** **** **.

****, ***'** ********** ***** caught *** **** ****.

*** ******* **** ** excellent **** ***********.******, ********** and ********-*****.

*******, **** ****** ** testing ***** *** * few ****** **** **** to ** *********.***** *********** should ********** *** ********** of **** ************** ****.

** *** *******, ** show **** **** *** Extech. *******, ** ******** own **** ** ****, one *** **** ** us ********* ** *** office *** ******* ***** now, ***** ** *** accuracy ** **** ** avoiding ***** *************. **** person's ****** ** ******** (typically ** ***** *****) to ******* ***** **** temperature ******** ** **** and/or ******** ******** ************. Altogether, ** *** * IR ************, ******** ******** membrane *** **** ************, and * ******** ****** scanner, *** **'** **** comparing ****** *** *** past *** ***** ** double ***** ************ ** our ** ************. ** have **** **** ******** our **** ************ *********, so ** **** * really **** **** ** when ****** *** ******* high ** ***. * know **** * *** hot, ** ** *'* reading ***** **** ****** something ** ***, *** example.

** *** ** ********, there *** ** **** variability *** ** *** measurement ******** **** *** IR ************. *****, **'** been ********** **** *** a *** *****, ** we *** ****** *** consistency, ******* *-*" **** we ******* ************. ** have **** ******* ***** the **** ******** ***** of *** ******** ** measure *** (********* ******** off ******). *****, ** are ***** ***** ** when ****** **** *** and **** ******** ************ to *******.

*** ** *** ******** in ***** ******* **** repeated **** *** ****** of ****, *** ****** tested **** *** *********, so ** *** *********** in *** *********** *** accuracy ** *** *********.

****, *** **** ****: We *** ***** *** IR ************ ****** ** this ******* ******* **** are **** ***** ************* are ********* ********** **. They *** ** **** cases *** ********* ***** cameras ** **** ** ear ***** ************.

*****, ****** *** *** comprehensive ***********.** ** ****** very ********* *** ********** in **** *******.**** ** one ** *** ************** pillars ** *** *******.

**** **** ********** *****.

**** ******** ******* *** are ****** * ****** (or * ***), *** very *********** *****, **** mislead *********. ** ** such **** ***** **** make ******* ** ****** to *** *****.

** *** ***** ****, we *** *** ********* engineering ****** ** ********* temperature **** ** *** temperature ** *** **** of *** ********.

******** ****** ***** ************ of **** ***********, *** at *** **** **** they ** *** **** try ** ****** *** face *** **** *** the ******* *********** ** it ** *** ****** of *** ***** ******* / ***-*******.

**** ** *** ******** lies ***** * *****.

******** ** ******* ***** fever ** **** ***********, but ** ****, **** hardly ******* **** ***********. Only * *** (**** 1st) *** ******* ** admit **** *** ** leave **** ******* *********** circle.

****** ***** **** *** testing *** *** *** knowledge **** **** ***** to *** ******.

************, * **** *** some **** ********* ********.

********* *** ********** ** measuring ***** ** ** elevated **** ***********. ***’* it, **** **** *** make ** ***** **** practical *****?

**** ** **** ***** to ******* *** *********** of *** ******** **** measured **** ***** **** the **** *********** ******** with * ***-******* ***********?

**** **** *** ***** us **** * ********** closer ** ************* *** accurately *** **** *********** is ********* ** **** temperature *** *** ******* are *** ***** *** non-contact *********** *********** ******?

** ** *******, **'* time ** ****** *** rules ** **** ****:

*) **** **** ****** with ****** **** **** temperature (** ****** *** sick **** *********** *** not ***** ********** ********)

*) ******* **** *********** with ** ******** *** correct ************ (*** *********) thermometer ***** *** *** or ** *** ***** that ** ******** *** proper ***********.

*) ***** *** *********** reference *********** (****?), ******* the *********** ** *** inner *******. **** ** as ******* ** ********. Compare **** *.* *** draw ***********. ** *********, enter ********** *******.

*) ******* ******** *********** with * ********* ***-******* thermometer. **** ** ** correct ** ********. ******* with ********** *-* ***, if *********, ***** * correction ****** (****** ***** it ***)

*) ** *** **** on * **** ***** of ****** *** ** not **** * *****. Find *** *** *********** curves **** ********* ********* to **** ***********, *** skin ***********.

*) *** *** **'* time ** **** ****** cameras (***** ***.)

*****, ******* * *********** cycle ** ****** ********** with *** ******* ***** - ******* *** *********** of *** ****** **** the **** ***** ** turn, ** *******, ******* a *****.

********, ******* *** **** temperature ** ****** ** a ****** *****. ***** measurements *** ****** ** see **** ******* ** the *********** ********* ** static ** ********.

*******, ******* *** **** temperature ** ****** ** a ****** ******. ** is ******* ***** **** this ** *** **** idiotic *** ** ********* temperature, *** ** ** also ****** ** ***** its ******.

*) ******* *** ******* and **** ***********. **** I ** **** *** IPVM, ** *** **** the ***** ***********.

** *** **, ** can ** **** *********** and ****** *** *** general ************* ** **** and *** ****** ** measured?

**** * ********* **** show *** **** *** Thermo ****** **** ** conditions ** ***** ** reality ** ********.

*** **** ** ** way ******** *** **** IPVM *** ******* **** up **** *** ******* Thermo *******, ***** ******** is ********** ** *** they **** *** ******* they ******* *** *********** of *** *** ******* the ******* ********** ** the ***** **** **** the ******** ** * person?

* **** **** * will ** ********* ********** by ***.

Just * ******* ********. *** * *********** **** * ********* ** **** ** ******** *** ******** ** *** ******* *** *** *********** ***********? ** ***** ** ** *** ** ** * ********** ********** ********* ******. ** ****** ** *** **** ** *** ******, * **** ***** ** ***** **** **, ********* ** ******** ** *** ** **** *** *** ** ****** *** **. **** ***** ***** ** ******** ** **** ** *********** ******** *** **** ** *** **** ***** ** *** **. ******** ****** ****** ******* *** **** **** *** +/- ****** ** *******.

It ***** ** ** *** *** ** *** ***** ***** **** **** ******* *** ***** ******-******* *** ******* **** ******* *** ** **********.

I **** **** ** *********** *** ****** **** ****** “**’* ** ****** ******” ** “**’* *** * ***** ********”. * ***’* *** *** ***** ************* ******** ***** ******, ** ****, **** ** *** ** ***** *** ** ******* *********** ***** ***** **********. * **** *** *******

**** * ******* ********. Can * *********** **** a ********* ** **** to ******** *** ******** of *** ******* *** the *********** ***********? ** seems ** ** *** BB ** * ********** scientific ********* ******. ** placed ** *** **** of *** ******, * temp ***** ** ***** from **, ********* ** clicking ** *** ** from *** *** ** Camera *** **. **** value ***** ** ******** to **** ** *********** checking *** **** ** the **** ***** ** the **. ******** ****** should ******* *** **** your *** +/- ****** to *******. ** ***** to ** *** *** on *** ***** ***** with **** ******* *** using ******-******* *** ******* your ******* *** ** conclusive. * **** **** it *********** *** ****** keep ****** “**’* ** silver ******” ** “**’* not * ***** ********”. I ***’* *** *** major ************* ******** ***** things, ** ****, **** go *** ** ***** way ** ******* *********** about ***** **********. * only *** ******* ******** manufacturers ** ****** ***** things. ** **** ** this ********** ** *** going ****. ** **** continue ** ******* ** accuracy *** **********. ** works ****** **** *** and ** *** **** tool ** *** *******. From **** * **** seen ** *** ******* I **** ********, *** employees **** *****, *** customers **** ***** *** they *** *****. ** all **** ** **** with *** ********** ** security *** ****** ** our ********. * ****** cannot ******* * ***** in, *** ** **** better *** **** ********* if ** ** *****. The ****** *** **** a *** *** *****, help *********** **** ******* and ******** **** **** advanced ******* ** **** avoid ********. *** ** does *** ** **’* self **** ****** ****. No *** ****** ******* it **. ** *** not ***** *** **** approach ** ***** ******** asking *********** ********* *******? Having *** ****** ** place ***** ********* ** employee ** **** **** when *** **** ** normally ***** ***, ***** detect * ******** **** has * ***** *** should *** **** **** contact **** *********, ***. It ** * ****, not * ****** ******. It’s **** * **** that *******’* ** **** alone. *** **** ** have **** ******** ************ to ******** ************* *** years. **** ** ** different.

** ***** ** **** good ** ** **** not ** ***. ** tests ****, ********* ******** skin *********** **** *** give *** ********* ** detecting ******** **** ***********. This *** ******** **** a ***** ****** ** false ****** *** * huge ****** ** ****** alarms, ***** ********** *** idea ** *********** *********. You *** *** ** argue **** ****, *** today ** ** * fact.

**** ** ******** *** problem **** ******* *** primarily **** ******* ***.

*** ** *** **** the ***** ********* ******* camera ***** ** **** harm **** ****?

**** ** **** ******* to * ****** ********** analytics - * *** of ***** ********* *** / ** * *** of ********* *** ** real *****.

** ** **** ********* to ****** ** *********. For *******, ** *** that ** *** *********, indoor ***** *** ************, Hik ************* ****** *** temperature **** **** *** black ****** *** ***********.

*** **** ** * total **************, ***** **** revealed ** *** *******. And ** *** ***** corrective *********** ****** ** the ******** *********, ***** is *** ********* **** everything **** **** *********?

It ** ***** ** ******* **** *********** / **** ***** ** *** *********** ** *** ********, ** ****** **** ************ ************* ** ******* ******* ****. Whoever does not understand this, please re-read all IPVM materials on this topic again.

*** **** ** ** you ** *** ****** the ******* *****.

*** ****** ****** *** a ******* **** *********** averages *-** ****, ********* up ** ** ****. This ***** **** ****** that ** ******** ********, WITHOUT ***** ** **** TEMPERATURE, *** **** ******* control ****** *** * long **** ******* *** problems. *** ***** *** no ***** ***** **** tests ** ********* *** symptoms ** *** *******.

*** **** ******** ** those ******** **** *********** generally **** ** ***** of ***** **** *** entire ****** ** *** disease. ** **** ****, there **** ********* *** be * ***** *** the *********** ** ********* it.

** *** ***** ****, after * ****** ** the ********* ********, *** many ******** **** **** fever *** ***** *** dare ** ** ** public ******, ***** *** sneeze ** ******? ******* these ****** **** ****** sick, **** **** ********** breathing, **** **** ********** walking, *** ***** ****** poor ********* ** ******* even ******* ******* *******.

*'* *** ******* ***** criminal *********, ***** ** established ** ****** *** countries *** ********* ** quarantine ***** *** ********* of ***** ******.

** ****** ***** *** such ***** ** ********* terminals, *******, **** *** patient *** * ***** on *** ****. ** the **** ****, * real ******* *** ****** a ***** ****** ** people ******* ** *** plane, *** ** *** be ***** ** * thermal ****** ** *** control ***** ** *** exit **** *** ********. What ** ** **** it? **** ******** * plane, *** ******* *** not **** * *****, and ** **** ****** everyone ** *** ******** and ********.

And **** ** ** ****?

We **** **************** ******* *** **-*** ****, ***** **** **** **************** *************. *’* *** ******* ***** ********* / ******* **********, *** ***** ********** ** *******.

If ** *** ** ********* ***** *********** ** *** ******** ** ******* *******, **** ** *** **** ************* ** **** ******* *******?

****.

*****.

*** ************* **** ** do.

********* ****.

****

*********, *******.

**** *** *** **** drivers ** *********** *** demand *** ******* *******.

In ** *******, ** ** **** ** ****** *****.

***** * ******** *** input ********.

**** **** ** ******** and **** ***** ****.

***** *** *** ********** the ************ ** ***** hype *******. ** ** sad ** ******* **** Manufacturers *** ****** ********* of *** ******* *********. They *** ***** ********* marketing ********* ********* *** people ** **** *** risk ***** *** ** their ***** *** ***** feel * ****** *** secure **** ******* ***** cameras ***** ** **** entrances ** *********.

**** **** ** ****** test **** **** ************ educates *** ******* ** be **** ******* ** the ********* ** ******* to *** *********. *******, as *** ****** **** that "********* *** ****** right", ********* *** *********** (I *** ***) ********* have ** ****** *** to ****** ** ***** wants. *******, **'* *** moral ********** ** *******, and **** **** **** on *** **** **** are ****** ** **** use *** ***** ********* Thermal *******. ** *** purchaser ***** *******, ** are ** ***** ***** respective *********. ** *** very *****, ** **** done *** ****.

**** ** *** ***********, the ******** ** ** fill *** * ********* questioner **** ***** ** allowing *** ** ***** the ********.

*. *** *** ************:

*. **** ******.

*. **** *****.

*. *********.

*. ***** *** *** past *** ****.

*. **** *** ****** together ** ****** ** the **** ****** *********** of * ********* *****-** case?

*. **** *** *** any ******* **** ****** with * *****, *****, colds, *** **** ****** for *** **** * weeks?

*. **** *** ******** outside ** *** *********** in *** **** ** days?

*. **** *** ******** to *** **** ** NCR ***** **** **** home?

* ** *** * medical ************ *** **** no ********* ** ******* as ***. ** *** as * ** ***** this ***** ** * good ***** ** ***** the ******* ** **** as ***** **** ** questions *** ******** **** honesty.

** * ******* **** customers, *** ***** ********* Cameras **** **** ******* the ****** *********** *******, but **** **** *** written **** ***** ******* cameras *** *** ***% reliable.

** ** ** ********* the ****** ** ******** with * ********. ** by *** **** **** need ** ** ******* tracing, **** *** ******** the *****.

* ** *** ***** convinced, *** *** ****** line ** ** **** to **** ********* *****.

*****, ****** *** **** time ** ***** ** doubts.

**** **** *** ** healthy.

*** ********** ** ************ COVID-19 *********?

** *** ***** *** sure, *** *** *** moment **** ** *** evidence ** *********.

*** * ***** *******,******** *** ******* **** in *************** **** ********* ****** infected. ******-***** ****** ********. Ten ** **** **** already ****. *** **** eventually ********* ********. *** three ****** *** ****** positive ***** **** **** with *** *******.

**** ******* ****** *** people ******* ** * homeless ******* ** ******,**% **** ** ******** for *****-**– *** **** ** them *** ********** ** any ********.

** *** **** ** Japanese ******** ********* **** Wuhan, ***** *** ****** for *****-**, *******% ** ***** ******** were ***********.

** ******* ***-***** ***** that *** *** *** been ****-******** ***** ******% ** ****** *** tested ******** *** *****-******** ** ********. ** concern: *** *********** ***** no ********** ** *** potentially ********** ***** **** and ******* ******** ****, based ***** **** ** *** virus *** **** ******* *********’ *******.

*** ******** *********** ******* underway** ************** ***** ********** ******* ******** **** a **** ****** – possibly ******** **** ****** 10% ** **% – of ***** ******** ***** not ********** ********.

******** **** *** *********** but *** ******* ********? A ********* ******* * questions ***** ************ *****-**

*** *** **** * link ** ******** “**** majority ***’* **** *****”?

**** *** ** **** stat ** ******* ** this **********.

*** ***** **** **% have ** ********, ** from **% ** *****. And **** **** ***** this ** ****** ******** in ********* ************. ** on ******* **% **** symptoms *** **** *** literature * **** **’* a ***** ***** *** foremost.

** ** **% ** the ******* *** *** assume ** **** ************ this **** ** **** less, ** **** ******. Take *** **** **** case ** ******** **% asymptomatic. **% **** ***********, maybe * ********** ******* for *******. ******’* *** agree ******** **** **** screening ***** **** ***** for **** ***********?

**** ****** ** ***’* paint ********’* ************ **** the **** *****.

***** *** ******* *** there (*** **** *****) that **** **** ****** to ********** ******* ******** core **** **** **** applied *********! *** **** the ******* ******** (****** scientifically) ** *** ********* SYSTEMS ****** ***.

**** *** ***** ** share? *** **** **** fevers **** **** ********?

*** **** *** ******* accuracy (****** **************) ** the ********* ******* ****** MK4

*% ***** ********, ******, right?

*** **** ** ****** virus ******** *** *** does ** ******* ************ of *** *********?

* *** ***** ** an ****** **** **** you’re ****** ******.

*** ***** * *** is **** ***** ******* are ***** ****** ***

** ******* ******** *** clients *** *** ***** informed ** ***

***********. * **** ******* of **** ** ********* stating **** *

***** **** ** *** required **** ***** *******. I *** *** **** your

***** ********* **** ***** a ********* ********* ** valid ***

** *** ****** ** being **** ***** ******* as * ***** ****** solution

**** ** *** *******. Unfortunately **** **** **** down ** ***

****** ** *** ********* or ** *** ****** asking *** ***** *********

*** *********** *** ********* but ***** **** ****** to ** **

******** ** **** *** sale ****** **** ******* correct ******.

******* *** *** ** peeps ** *** *** Gas **** ********** ****** thermal ******* ** *** overall ********. ****'** ***** up *** ***** (** the *** ** *** Hierarchy ** *******), *********** the **% ** ******* personnel (*** ** *** way **% ** ********** are **** ** ** the ****). **** ***** is * *********** ** Hierarchy ** ******* & Swiss ****** ***** (** Bow ***).

** **** **** **** As *** ** ********** Practicable (*****). *** **** can ******* ****, ** a *** ******* ****** provide ********** ****** ***** means **** ******* ***+ systems ** *********, *** likewise * ***** ***** should ** ****** ****** their ***** *** - but *** ***** **** be ********* *** ****. It's *** ** **** lots ** *********.

**** ******, ********, ***** and *******.

IPVM Image

** **** **** **** As *** ** ********** Practicable (*****). *** **** can ******* ****, ** a *** ******* ****** provide ********** ****** ***** means **** ******* ***+ systems ** *********, *** likewise * ***** ***** should ** ****** ****** their ***** *** - but *** ***** **** be ********* *** ****.

***** ** * ******** debate ** ** ****** about **** ********* ** solutions *** ***** *********. HIPAA **** *** ***** out *** ******** ******** or ********** **********. **'* more ***** ****** ********** precautions *** ********* ******** practices, **** *** **** within *** ************* ******. So * ***** ****** medical ******** *** *** away **** * $**** Internet ******** *******, ***** a ***** ***** ******** would ** ******** ** pay * *********** ** $100,000 *** ** ** cyber ******** *********, ** have * ******* ****** of ***** ***** ********* if * ****** *******.

**** *** ***** ****** model, ** *** ***! Never **** ****, *** saved ** ** * general *********.

  • ******* **** *** **** today:
  • *********, *** ** ******* for ******* ******* *** Prevention (***) *** ******** new ******** **** ***** around **% ** *********** carriers **** ** ********. The ******* ****** ****** added **** *** ***** "best ********" **** *.*% of ****** *** **** ill **** *** *** around **% ** ************* are ********* ****** ****** even **** ******

*******, **** **** *** blackbody, ** ************ ************* elevated ************ ** ~*.*°*....

** *** ***** ******* reported ** * ************** ******* ** *****, no *** ***** **** them, *** ******* **'* ok **** ****'** *****?

** ****,

********* ** ** *********,**% of *** ********* *****(***** more ) ********* ****** are ******** ******* ***** body.

******* ** ** ** am *****.

*** ******** ** *** people *** *** ******* this ******* ,**** *** invested **** ** ********* and **** ******** ** invest ,********* ****** ** recommending “** ***** ****”.

** * ***** **** to *** *** ** give * **** ******** conclusion ** *** *** black **** ********.

* ***** ** *** internet, * ************ *** fever ********* ******** ******** with **** & **********.****** | *** ***** leader ** *****-********* **********

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