Hikvision Requests FCC To "Immediately Remove It From Covered List"

By Isabella Cheng, Published Nov 22, 2021, 09:50am EST

Hikvision requested the FCC "immediately remove" the company from the Covered List, stating the FCC has "no statutory authority" to bar the company from obtaining authorizations.

IPVM Image

In this report, IPVM examines the new Hikvision letter and Hikvision's position on why it should not be on the Covered List in the first place.

Hikvision ******** ******* **** *** ******* ****

** ******** **, ****, Hikvision ****** **-**** ****** ** the ********** ** *** **********, ********* & *******, ******** ********** **** the *** **** *** company *** ** *** Covered ****:

********* ****** ******** **** the ********** *********** ****** it **** *** ******* List.

** ********* **** ** longer ** *** ******* List, ******* ******** ****** **** law ****** ********* ******** **** ** ****** apply ** *** *******.

Hikvision: *** ******** *** *** ************** *********, ********* ******* ** ********** *****

********* ****** **** *** Secure ********* *** "******[*] the **********'* ***** *********" and **** ********* ******** fall ******* ** *** scope ** **** *** Secure ********* *** ****** ****** *** ******* Networks *** ** **** (SNA). *** *** ** 2019 ******* *** *** to ******* * ******* List *** ******** *** equipment ***** ** ********** to ****** ** **** list. ******, *** *** and ***'* ****** ******* "communications ********* ** ********." However, *********'* ***** ************ products *** *** ************** equipment, *** ******* ****:

*** *** **** *** expand *** ******** ** products *** ***** *** Commission *** **** ********* authorizations. ** *** ********, it ****** ******** *** Commission ** “*******” **** it **** “** ****** review ** ******* *** application *** ********* ************* for ********* **** ** on *** **** ** covered ************** ********* ** services” **** *** ********** publishes ******** ** *** SNA. ***********, *** ********* granted ** *** *** extends **** ** ********* properly ****** *** ***** of *** ***.Hikvision’s ***** ************ ********* **** *** **** ****** **** *****. [emphasis added]

********* ******* *** *** "lacks ********* ********* ** adopt *** ******** ***** with ******* ** *********."

Secure *** ******* ******** *** ********

********* *** ******* ******** Act (***)****** ** ***** **** "to ******** ******* ******* subsidies **** ***** **** to ******** ************** ********* or ******** ****** ******** security *****." ******* * of *** *** ******* the *** ** ******* a ******* **** ** March **** *** ********* the ******** *** ********* to ** ***** ** the ******* ****. ***** are *** ************ **** the ********* *** ** fulfill ** ** ***** to *** ******* ****.

*****, **** *(*)(*) ****** that *** ********* **** "pose ** ************ **** to *** ******** ******** of *** ****** ****** or *** ******** *** safety ** ****** ****** persons *****" ** ** least *** ** * determinations. ********* ***** ***** determination *:

(*) *** ************** ********* or ******* ***** ******* telecommunications ********* ** ********, as ******* ** ******* 889(f)(3) ** *** **** S. ****** ******** ******* Authorization *** *** ****** Year **** (****** *** 115–232; *** ****. ****).

********* ** ** *** FCC's ******* **** ******* it ******** *** ** ******* 889(f)(3) ** *** ****.

******, **** *(*)(*) ****** that *** ********* ***** to *** ******* **** must ** ******* ** at ***** * ** 3 ******.

*****:

(*) ** ******* **—

(*) ******* ** *********** user **** ******* ** permitting ********** **** *** user **** ** ******* that **** ********* ** service ********* ** ********* handles;

*******/*********** **** **** ******* is **** ** *** IP ******.

******:

(*) ******* *** ******* of * ******** ** advanced ************** ******* ** be ********* ********;

******** *** ******* **** a **** ******* ** being **** ** ****** attacks, *** *******,****** ***** ******* ***** Massive ***** ***** ******.

*****:

** (*) ********* ****** an ************ **** ** the ******** ******** ** the ****** ****** ** the ******** *** ****** of ****** ****** *******.

*****, *** ************ ********* could ** ******* ** posing ** "************ **** to *** ******** ******** of *** ****** ******."

Hikvision: *** ********* *****'* ******* *** *(*)(*) ************

*******, ********* ****** **** its ********* ** ******* of *** ** *** above:

** ******* ********* ** Hikvision’s ******* *** ***** comments, ********* ******* *** NVRs ***incapable ** ******* ** *********** **** **** *******, ********** ********** **** **** ****, ** ******* ********** ** ** ******** ************** *******. **** ****** ******** ***** *******, *** ** *** “*****” ***** *******. ***, **** ********* ******* *** ******** ** * ********** ***** ************ ************, **** *** *** ******* ** ******* ** *********** **** **** ******* ** ********** ********** **** **** ****. Hikvision ******* *** **** ** *** **** * ******** ****** ****, *** ** **** ******** *********’ ****** ** ********—to the contrary, Hikvision products are used to enhance private businesses’ safety and security. [emphasis added]

*********'* **** ******** **** devices *** ** ******** in * "********** ***** surveillance ************" *** **** examined *********** ****** ********** *** Firewalling ****** *** ********.

Communication ********* ********** ********

******* * ** *** SNA ************ ****** **** "Commission ***** ***** ** the ****"..." ************** ********* or *******" **** ******* the *** ************ *****.

*** *** ******* "************** equipment ** *******" **:

*** ********* ** ******* that ** ********* ** the ********* ** ******** communications *******.

****, *** *** ****** "advanced ************** *******" *** the "******* ***** *** term ‘‘******** ****************** **********’’ in******* *** ** *** Telecommunications *** ** **** (47 *.*.*. ****)":

*** **** “******** ****************** capability” ** *******, ******* regard ** *** ************ media ** **********, ** high-speed, ********, ********* ****************** capability **** ******* ***** to ********* *** ******* high-quality *****, ****, ********, and ***** ****************** ***** any **********.

Hikvision ************** ********

*********'* ************** ** ***** definitions ** **** ********* is ********** "************** *********" only ** ** ** essential ** *** ********* of ********* *******:

** ***** *****, ********* is **** “************** *********” under *** *** ** it ** ********* ** the ********* ** ********* service.

*******, ********* ******:

**** ** *********’* *********, specifically ********* *** ***** surveillance ******* *** ******* video ********* (“****”), ** essential ** ********* *******.

* *** ******** ** determine ** ******* ** not ***** ************ ****** as "********* *******."

******* ** *** *********'* interpretation ** *** *** definitions ** ******** *** whether ** *** ********* equipment ** ****** ************** equipment **** **** ** be ********** ** *** FCC ******.

Hikvision: *******-***** *********** ** ******* *(*) ** *** ********* ******** ** ******* ****

*********'* *** ****** ** that, ***** *** ********, its ********* ** *** communications ********* *** *********, should ** ******* **** the ******* ****. *******, Hikvision ******** * ****** position **** **** ****** be ******* **** *** Covered **** ** *** case **** ***** ************ equipment ** ******* ****** communications *********.

************, ********* **** "******** specified **** ********* ***** be ****** ** *** Covered **** **** ** the ****** **** ** meets *** ****** ******-**-******** use ***********.":

******* ******** **************’* ******** to ********** *********** [**] that ******* ***’* ************ apply ** ************* ***********’* ********* ** **** “[f]or *** ******* ** public ******, ******** ** government **********, ******** ******** surveillance ** ******** **************, and ***** ******** ******** purposes.” ** *********’* ********* is *** **** *** these ********, **** ** is *** ******* ** Section *** *** ****** be ******** ** *** Covered ****, *** **** falls ******* *** ***** of *** ***.

********* **** *** ********* is ********* **** *** private ******** ********, *** it ** *** *********** to ******* ********* ** the ******* ****:

** ******, ** *** forth ** *********’* ******* comments, *** ***** ************ equipment ** ********* **** for***************, ** ****** ***** and ******-***** **********. **** uses **** ******* ** do ****************,**********************,********************, ******************. ** **** ********* would ****** ***** ********** terms ***********. **** **** outside ** *** ****** safety *** ******** ******* fall ******* ** ******* 889 *** ********* *** not *********** *** ********* on *** ******* ****.

*******, ** ** ******* how ********** *********'* "********-*****" argument **. ************, *** that ** **** ** SNA ******* *(*)(*) ** that *** *** *** rely ** ******* ***(*)(*) of *** **** *** adding ********* ** *** own ******* ****:

*** ************** ********* ** service ***** ******* ****************** equipment ** ********, ** defined ** ******* ***(*)(*) of *** **** *. McCain ******** ******* ************* Act *** ****** **** 2019 (****** *** ***–***; 132 ****. ****).

*******, ******* ***(*)(*) ** the **** ******** *********** A-D. **** **** *** SNA *** *** ******* 88(f)(3)(B), ***** ********* ********* for ****** ****** *** government ***, *** **** cited ***(*)(*) ** *****:

******* ****************** ********* ** SERVICES.—The **** ‘‘******* ****************** equipment ** ********’’ ***** any ** *** *********:

(*) ****************** ********* ******** by ****** ************ ******* or *** *********** (** any ********** ** ********* of **** ********).

(*) *** *** ******* of ****** ******, ******** of ********** **********, ******** security ************ ** ******** infrastructure, *** ***** ******** security ********, ***** ************ and ****************** ********* ******** by ****** ************** ***********, Hangzhou ********* ******* ********** Company, ** ***** ********** Company (** *** ********** or ********* ** **** entities).

(*) ****************** ** ***** surveillance ******** ******** ** such ******** ** ***** such *********.

(*) ****************** ** ***** surveillance ********* ** ******** produced ** ******** ** an ****** **** *** Secretary ** *******, ** consultation **** *** ******** of *** ******** ************ or *** ******** ** the ******* ****** ** Investigation, ********** ******** ** be ** ****** ***** or ********** **, ** otherwise ********* **, *** government ** * ******* foreign *******.

******** ***(*)*(*) *** (*) gives **** ****** ** what ** ********** ******* equipment *** ********, ******* of ********* ************ **** for ****** ****** *** y *** **********.

************, **** (*) ******* out **** ******* ********* could ** **** **** an ****** "***** ** controlled **, ** ********* connected **, *** ********** of * ******* ******* country." *******, *** **** explicitly ******* "******* ******* country" ** *** ******’* Republic ** *****. ** is ***** **** *********** ***** ** *** PRC **********, ********** ** *** ******* shareholder.

Hikvision: *** "*********** *********" ** ****** *********

***** **** ********* ********* is *** ************** ********* and *** ********* **** not ******* ******** *(*)(*) and (*) ** *** SNA, ********* ****** **** the *** ** ******** required ** ***, *** SNA, ** ****** *********:

Indeed, *** ********** ** *********** ********* ** ****** ********* **** *** ******* ****. ******* *(*)(*) ** *** *** ***** ***** **** *** ********** **** ****** ******** **** *** ******* **** **** *** ********** ** ***** ***** ********* *** ***** ** ****** *****. The fact that Hikvision equipment is not “communications equipment or service” fundamentally disqualifies Hikvision from inclusion on the Covered List for all products that are not essential to broadband. Hikvision hereby requests that the Commission immediately remove it from the Covered List. [emphasis added]

Next *****

*** *** *** ****** to ******* ** **** on *** *********** ** Hikvision's ******* **** *** Covered ****, ***** *** ongoing **** *************. *******, interested ******* *** ******** to ****** ******** ** affirm ** ******* ********** in *** ****** ** submit ********** ********.

**** **** ******** ** track *** ******** *** report ***********.

Comments (13)

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny: 2

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny: 5

*** *** **********, ********** General ********* ** *******, has ********* **** * number ** ***** *** importance ** ****** ******** policies *** ******** ** protect ******** ******** *********. They ******* ****** ***** of ******* *** ******** a ******** ***** *** implemented. ** *** ** were **** ** ****** or ***** ** ******** after *** **** ******* by *** *** *** their *** ********** ** would ** * **** start.

*** *** ********* ***** or ********* ****** *** be ************ **** *** rest ** *** ***** has **** *** ****** of ***** *** ******** Policies ** **** ********** important ****.

** ** ***** ******** that *** ****** ****** Cyber ******* ******* *** or ***** ****** ******* a ******* *** ******** US ****** **** ***** be ******* ****. *** exploits *** ***** ******* over *** **** ** months ***** ********* ******* the ** ******** ****** immediate ******. ***** ***** is **-******** ********* ** protecting *** *******, ** would ** * **** time ** ** **.

*** **** **** ** that *** ********, **, and ************** ******** ********* could *** ******* ** the ****, *** ** sharing *** *********** **** their *******, ********* ***** end **** ** ***** acting ** *** *************** immediately **** ******** ** working *** **** *******.

*** ****** ******* “How *** *** ******* *** ******* **** ******** ******** ******** *****” is a good history lesson and recommended easy read. I have included some key highlights from the excellent IPVM article for context.

*** ******** ** *********** and ******** ** *** an ********* ** ******* when ********* *** ********* solutions ** **** ******* the ****** *** ******** of *** *******. ** can ******** *********** *** take ******* **** *** make * **********.

** ******** ****** *** contributed ** * **** secure ***, * ****** US ****** *** *** only **** ********* ******* risks, *** ********** ** the *********** ** *** technologies **** **** **** to ****** *** ******** of *** ******** **** to *********** *** ***** information ** **** *******. The ** *** ****** risen ** *** ********* when ***** *** **** a ****** ** ******* to *******. **** ** an *********** ** ** it *****.

*** ********* ******** ** XI’s *** ***** *** China *** ***** ****** of *** ***** ***** to ****** ***** ***** security. **** ***** ** it *** **** **** it *** **** *** them.

2014: ********* ****** ***** **

*******, ** ******** ****, the ***************** ******* ******* ***** On ************* *** ** with ******* ********* ** Jinping ** *** ****. The ***** ******* ** national ********, **** ** stating ** *** ***** meeting "******* *************, ***** can ** ** ******** security" *** "** ****** **** *** own **********":

IPVM Image

** ******* *** **** without *************, ***** *** be ** ******** ********, and ******* *********** **********, there *** ** ** modernization. ** ***** * network *****, ** ****** have *** *** **********, have ****** **********, **** rich *** ************* *********** services, ******* * ********** network *******, **** * good *********** ************** ** form * ****** *********** economy, **** * ****-******* network ******** *** *********** technology *********, *** ******** carry *** ********* *** multilateral ************* ********* *** cooperation ** *** ********. [emphasis *****]

Secure *** ************" ******

** ****** ****, ****** the ******* *****, *** Ministry ** ** *** Industry **************** ******** ********** ************* Cybersecurity **** ** *** Telecommunications *** ******** *******, ********* "****** *** controllable" ******** *** ******** and "********** ******** *** development":

IPVM Image

**** ******* **** *** application ** ****** *** controllable *** ******** *** hardware, *** **** * positive **** ** ************ national ********, *********** ******** development, ********** *** ********* of *** ******* ****** and ***** * ****** network *******

****** ********** ******** *** development ******** *** ***** business *********** *******, ****** business *********** *** ********* source **** ******** ***********. [emphasis *****]

Xi ******* ***** "******** ********** *** ************ ***********"

** ****, ** *********** ******* ******** ******** ***** **** "a ******* *****", ******* that *** *** ****** to "****** *****" "*********** innovation" *** ******* "******** autonomous *** ************ 自主可控" alternatives ** ***** ** build * "****** *** controllable ********** ******":

IPVM Image

** ****** ****** ***** the "**** ****" ** independent ********** ** **** technology, ***** ******* *** cutting-edge ********** ** ******* development *** *** *** core ********** **** ************* competitiveness, ********** *** ********* of ******** ********** *** controllable *********** ********, *** build * **** *** controllable *********** ********** ****** [emphasis *****]

**** ********* **** "********** and ************" *** "****** and ************" ***** ********* foreign ********, ** *** state ***** *** ******* made ***** ***** **'* original **** ******, *.*. in ******** ****, *************** ** ************** **** "******** ************ is ********** ********* ** achieve ********** *** ************" noting "***** ******** *****" of ******* **:

IPVM Image

********* ********, "********" ******** and ******** ****** **** the ************ ** *********** control, ** *** ************** of ******** ************ ** completely ********* ** ******* independent *** ************.

** *** ** **** that ********** ******* ** the ******* ** ******* security *** *********** ********. self-control ***** **** *********** security ** **** ** govern, ******** *** ******** generally ** *** **** malicious ********* *** *** be ************ ******** ** patched ***************

*** ** ********** *******, China's *********** ********** ********* is ******* ********, *** not ** ********** *************, there *** ***** ******** risks [******** *****]

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 8
Unhelpful
Funny

* ****** ***'* ***** lawyers *** *** ******* above. *******, ** ** pretty **** **** ** live ** * ******* where **** * *******, that ** ******* ********** an *****, ** **** to ***** **** *** government **** ********. * think **** ** *** largest ****** *** **** see *** *** ** life ******* **** ********** regimes.

Agree: 9
Disagree
Informative: 2
Unhelpful
Funny

************* **** ***** *** be ****** ** * weekness ** ** *********.

*** ** ****** ****** for ************* ** *** only *** ****, *** to ******** *** ****** intent *** ****** ** the **** ** ****** the ******* ****** *** best ****** *** ********.

************, *********** *** **** to ****** ******, ** the ******** ** ******* and ******, ** *** use ******* **** *** not **** ***** **** interest ** *****. ** the ** **** ****** requires ** ***** ********** approval.

** ** **** **** reminded, *** ******** *** safety *** ***** *** foremost, *** *** **************. Hopefully *** ******** *** clients **** ** ******* that.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

Hikvision ******* *** **** *** ********* ** ******* ** *********** **** **** *******...**** ****** ******** ***** *******, *** ** *** “*****” ***** *******.

******? ** ********* ********* receive ****** ******* ** osmosis?

******* ******* **** *** recorded ***** **** ***** these ******* **** *** ether?

Agree: 2
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny: 4

** ******* - "***! This *** **** **!"

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny: 2

******, ********* *********'* ******* sent * ****** ** the *** ********** * meeting **** **** **** Hikvision's ***** ***** ****** a ******* **** ** why ********* ****** *** be ******.

*** ****** ******** ****** they ************ ********* ******* ** argument ** *** ****** we ******** ** ** this ******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny: 1

***** ********** **** ** they **** *** ** again *** ****** *** main ***** **** ** ignored.

** ********, **** ****** read *** ******* ********* position ** ***** ***** Chairman **** **** ********* their *** ** ******* or ************* ******** ************ outside ** *** ***.

** ***** ** ** they *** ******** ********** on ********* ** *** time *** ******* ** delay *** ****** **** only ***** ***** ********* sale ** ***’* ** thousands ******* ******* ******* every ***** ******** ******* they *** ******.

**** ** **** ****** is ************ ** ******** the ******, **** **** that *** ** *** other ************* *** *** vetted *** ******* *** same ********** ******* ***** products *** ************* **** be ******* **** **** it.

* *** **** ****** appreciate **** **** *** efforts ** **** **** in ***** ** *** industry. ********* *** ** Congress, *** **********, *** all ********** ******** **** complimentary ************* ** ****.

**** ** *** **** work.

Agree: 2
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

****** *** ******** *** a****/******* ***** ** ***** about *********'* ***********, *** ****:

* *** **** * recent ***** ** ********* claiming **** ****** ***** *********** *** ***** ** its ******** ** *** U.S. *’* **** **** convinced ** *** ***** claim, *** * ** sure ** ****: *** Hikvision ******** *** ******* an *********** *** **** enterprising ********** ** ******* quick, *************** *********** ****** the *** *** ********* that ********* **** ** doesn’t ****.

*** **** *** *******:

**** ********* *** ***** comments ** *** ***, saying * **** ** were ********* ** *** statute. * **** ***'** been ***** *** ********* to *** ********** ********, including ************ ******, *** you ***'* *** ** because ** *** ********** in ***** ** *** way **** *** ******* lists **** ********* ** two ** ***** ******** pieces ** *********** ** this ***** *** ********** of *********** **** ** Siri *** **** ******* the ******** ******* ************* Act **** *** ******** haha *** **. **, you ********* ** **** and *** *** **** all **** ********* ** the *** ** ********, but *** ****** ** actually ** **. *****. And ** *** *** has ** ********* ** ban **. *** ****, I ******* ** *** plausible *******. *** ** seems ** ** ****'* just ******** ** *********** for ******** ** ********, maybe **** ***, **** NDAA, ****** ****** ** go ** *** ***, Look ** **** *****, these **** *** ** missed ****. ***'* **** sure ** ****'* **** to ****** *** *** again, **** * ***** is ***** ** ** the ********** ****** ** this ****** ** **** Hikvision **** ***** ****** by *** ***

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

**** ******* ****,

*** *** *****, ** would ** * ***** opportunity ** ****** **** to ***** *** ******** which **** * ******, and * ***** *** a **** **** *** reaching ****** ******* ** The ***’* *** ****** US *** ***** ******’ products.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*** **** ****** ** Hikvision ******* ***** ****** and ********* **** ** the **** **** *********** for ******* ***** ******** and ********.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

********,

*** *********, **** ******** is **** **************..

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny
Login to read this IPVM report.
Why do I need to log in?
IPVM conducts unique testing and research funded by subscriber's payments enabling us to offer the most independent, accurate and in-depth information.
Loading Related Reports