Hikvision Requests FCC To "Immediately Remove It From Covered List"

By Isabella Cheng, Published Nov 22, 2021, 09:50am EST (Info+)

Hikvision requested the FCC "immediately remove" the company from the Covered List, stating the FCC has "no statutory authority" to bar the company from obtaining authorizations.

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In this report, IPVM examines the new Hikvision letter and Hikvision's position on why it should not be on the Covered List in the first place.

Hikvision ******** ******* **** *** ******* ****

** ******** **, ****, ********* ****** **-**** ****** ** *** ********** ** *** **********, ********* & *******, ******** ********** **** *** *** take *** ******* *** ** *** Covered ****:

********* ****** ******** **** *** ********** immediately ****** ** **** *** ******* List.

** ********* **** ** ****** ** the ******* ****, ******* ******** ****** **** *** ****** Equipment ******** **** ** ****** ***** ** the *******.

Hikvision: *** ******** *** *** ************** *********, ********* ******* ** ********** *****

********* ****** **** *** ****** ********* Act "******[*] *** **********'* ***** *********" and **** ********* ******** **** ******* of *** ***** ** **** *** Secure ********* *** ****** ****** *** ******* ************** ******** Act ** **** (***). *** *** ** **** ******* the *** ** ******* * ******* List *** ******** *** ********* ***** be ********** ** ****** ** **** list. ******, *** *** *** ***'* scopes ******* "************** ********* ** ********." However, *********'* ***** ************ ******** *** not ************** *********, *** ******* ****:

*** *** **** *** ****** *** category ** ******** *** ***** *** Commission *** **** ********* **************. ** the ********, ** ****** ******** *** Commission ** “*******” **** ** **** “no ****** ****** ** ******* *** application *** ********* ************* *** ********* that ** ** *** **** ** covered ************** ********* ** ********” **** the ********** ********* ******** ** *** SNA. ***********, *** ********* ******* ** the *** ******* **** ** ********* properly ****** *** ***** ** *** SNA.Hikvision’s ***** ************ ********* **** *** **** ****** **** *****. [emphasis added]

********* ******* *** *** "***** ********* authority ** ***** *** ******** ***** with ******* ** *********."

Secure *** ******* ************** ******** *** ********

********* *** ******* ************** ******** *** (SNA)****** ** ***** **** "** ******** certain ******* ********* **** ***** **** to ******** ************** ********* ** ******** posing ******** ******** *****." ******* * of *** *** ******* *** *** to ******* * ******* **** ** March **** *** ********* *** ******** for ********* ** ** ***** ** the ******* ****. ***** *** *** requirements **** *** ********* *** ** fulfill ** ** ***** ** *** Covered ****.

*****, **** *(*)(*) ****** **** *** equipment **** "**** ** ************ **** to *** ******** ******** ** *** United ****** ** *** ******** *** safety ** ****** ****** ******* *****" on ** ***** *** ** * determinations. ********* ***** ***** ************* *:

(*) *** ************** ********* ** ******* being ******* ****************** ********* ** ********, as ******* ** ******* ***(*)(*) ** the **** *. ****** ******** ******* Authorization *** *** ****** **** **** (Public *** ***–***; *** ****. ****).

********* ** ** *** ***'* ******* List ******* ** ******** *** ** ******* ***(*)(*) ** the ****.

******, **** *(*)(*) ****** **** *** equipment ***** ** *** ******* **** must ** ******* ** ** ***** 1 ** * ******.

*****:

(*) ** ******* **—

(*) ******* ** *********** **** **** traffic ** ********** ********** **** *** user **** ** ******* **** **** equipment ** ******* ********* ** ********* handles;

*******/*********** **** **** ******* ** **** of *** ** ******.

******:

(*) ******* *** ******* ** * provider ** ******** ************** ******* ** be ********* ********;

******** *** ******* **** * **** history ** ***** **** ** ****** attacks, *** *******,****** ***** ******* ***** ******* ***** Cyber ******.

*****:

** (*) ********* ****** ** ************ risk ** *** ******** ******** ** the ****** ****** ** *** ******** and ****** ** ****** ****** *******.

*****, *** ************ ********* ***** ** capable ** ****** ** "************ **** to *** ******** ******** ** *** United ******."

Hikvision: *** ********* *****'* ******* *** *(*)(*) ************

*******, ********* ****** **** *** ********* is ******* ** *** ** *** above:

** ******* ********* ** *********’* ******* and ***** ********, ********* ******* *** NVRs ***incapable ** ******* ** *********** **** **** *******, ********** ********** **** **** ****, ** ******* ********** ** ** ******** ************** *******. **** ****** ******** ***** *******, *** ** *** “*****” ***** *******. ***, **** ********* ******* *** ******** ** * ********** ***** ************ ************, **** *** *** ******* ** ******* ** *********** **** **** ******* ** ********** ********** **** **** ****. Hikvision ******* *** **** ** *** **** * ******** ****** ****, *** ** **** ******** *********’ ****** ** ********—to the contrary, Hikvision products are used to enhance private businesses’ safety and security. [emphasis added]

*********'* **** ******** **** ******* *** be ******** ** * "********** ***** surveillance ************" *** **** ******** *********** ****** ********** *** *********** ****** FCC ********.

Communication ********* ********** ********

******* * ** *** *** ************ states **** "********** ***** ***** ** the ****"..." ************** ********* ** *******" that ******* *** *** ************ *****.

*** *** ******* "************** ********* ** service" **:

*** ********* ** ******* **** ** essential ** *** ********* ** ******** communications *******.

****, *** *** ****** "******** ************** service" *** *** "******* ***** *** term ‘‘******** ****************** **********’’ ********* *** ** *** ****************** *** of **** (** *.*.*. ****)":

*** **** “******** ****************** **********” ** defined, ******* ****** ** *** ************ media ** **********, ** ****-*****, ********, broadband ****************** ********** **** ******* ***** to ********* *** ******* ****-******* *****, data, ********, *** ***** ****************** ***** any **********.

Hikvision ************** ********

*********'* ************** ** ***** *********** ** that ********* ** ********** "************** *********" only ** ** ** ********* ** the ********* ** ********* *******:

** ***** *****, ********* ** **** “communications *********” ***** *** *** ** it ** ********* ** *** ********* of ********* *******.

*******, ********* ******:

**** ** *********’* *********, ************ ********* its ***** ************ ******* *** ******* video ********* (“****”), ** ********* ** broadband *******.

* *** ******** ** ********* ** whether ** *** ***** ************ ****** as "********* *******."

******* ** *** *********'* ************** ** the *** *********** ** ******** *** whether ** *** ********* ********* ** indeed ************** ********* **** **** ** be ********** ** *** *** ******.

Hikvision: *******-***** *********** ** ******* *(*) ** *** ********* ******** ** ******* ****

*********'* *** ****** ** ****, ***** and ********, *** ********* ** *** communications ********* *** *********, ****** ** removed **** *** ******* ****. *******, Hikvision ******** * ****** ******** **** they ****** ** ******* **** *** Covered **** ** *** **** **** video ************ ********* ** ******* ****** communications *********.

************, ********* **** "******** ********* **** equipment ***** ** ****** ** *** Covered **** **** ** *** ****** that ** ***** *** ****** ******-**-******** use ***********.":

******* ******** **************’* ******** ** ********** contractors [**] **** ******* ***’* ************ apply ** ************* ***********’* ********* ** **** “[*]** *** purpose ** ****** ******, ******** ** government **********, ******** ******** ************ ** critical **************, *** ***** ******** ******** purposes.” ** *********’* ********* ** *** used *** ***** ********, **** ** is *** ******* ** ******* *** and ****** ** ******** ** *** Covered ****, *** **** ***** ******* the ***** ** *** ***.

********* **** *** ********* ** ********* used *** ******* ******** ********, *** it ** *** *********** ** ******* Hikvision ** *** ******* ****:

** ******, ** *** ***** ** Hikvision’s ******* ********, *** ***** ************ equipment ** ********* **** ******************, ** ****** ***** *** ******-***** businesses. **** **** **** ******* ** do ****************,**********************,********************, ******************. ** **** ********* ***** ****** those ********** ***** ***********. **** **** outside ** *** ****** ****** *** security ******* **** ******* ** ******* 889 *** ********* *** *** *********** for ********* ** *** ******* ****.

*******, ** ** ******* *** ********** Hikvision's "********-*****" ******** **. ************, *** that ** **** ** *** ******* 2(b)(1) ** **** *** *** *** rely ** ******* ***(*)(*) ** *** NDAA *** ****** ********* ** *** own ******* ****:

*** ************** ********* ** ******* ***** covered ****************** ********* ** ********, ** defined ** ******* ***(*)(*) ** *** John *. ****** ******** ******* ************* Act *** ****** **** **** (****** Law ***–***; *** ****. ****).

*******, ******* ***(*)(*) ** *** **** includes *********** *-*. **** **** *** SNA *** *** ******* **(*)(*)(*), ***** prohibits ********* *** ****** ****** *** government ***, *** **** ***** ***(*)(*) at *****:

******* ****************** ********* ** ********.—*** **** ‘‘covered ****************** ********* ** ********’’ ***** any ** *** *********:

(*) ****************** ********* ******** ** ****** Technologies ******* ** *** *********** (** any ********** ** ********* ** **** entities).

(*) *** *** ******* ** ****** safety, ******** ** ********** **********, ******** security ************ ** ******** **************, *** other ******** ******** ********, ***** ************ and ****************** ********* ******** ** ****** Communications ***********, ******** ********* ******* ********** Company, ** ***** ********** ******* (** any ********** ** ********* ** **** entities).

(*) ****************** ** ***** ************ ******** provided ** **** ******** ** ***** such *********.

(*) ****************** ** ***** ************ ********* or ******** ******** ** ******** ** an ****** **** *** ********* ** Defense, ** ************ **** *** ******** of *** ******** ************ ** *** Director ** *** ******* ****** ** Investigation, ********** ******** ** ** ** entity ***** ** ********** **, ** otherwise ********* **, *** ********** ** a ******* ******* *******.

******** ***(*)*(*) *** (*) ***** **** leeway ** **** ** ********** ******* equipment *** ********, ******* ** ********* specifically **** *** ****** ****** *** y *** **********.

************, **** (*) ******* *** **** covered ********* ***** ** **** **** an ****** "***** ** ********** **, or ********* ********* **, *** ********** of * ******* ******* *******." *******, the **** ********** ******* "******* ******* country" ** *** ******’* ******** ** China. ** ** ***** **** *********** ***** ** *** *** **********, ********** ** *** ******* ***********.

Hikvision: *** "*********** *********" ** ****** *********

***** **** ********* ********* ** *** communications ********* *** *** ********* **** not ******* ******** *(*)(*) *** (*) of *** ***, ********* ****** **** the *** ** ******** ******** ** law, *** ***, ** ****** *********:

Indeed, *** ********** ** *********** ********* ** ****** ********* **** *** ******* ****. ******* *(*)(*) ** *** *** ***** ***** **** *** ********** **** ****** ******** **** *** ******* **** **** *** ********** ** ***** ***** ********* *** ***** ** ****** *****. The fact that Hikvision equipment is not “communications equipment or service” fundamentally disqualifies Hikvision from inclusion on the Covered List for all products that are not essential to broadband. Hikvision hereby requests that the Commission immediately remove it from the Covered List. [emphasis added]

Next *****

*** *** *** ****** ** ******* to **** ** *** *********** ** Hikvision's ******* **** *** ******* ****, given *** ******* **** *************. *******, interested ******* *** ******** ** ****** comments ** ****** ** ******* ********** in *** ****** ** ****** ********** thoughts.

**** **** ******** ** ***** *** comments *** ****** ***********.

Comments (26)

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny: 2

Agree
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Funny: 5

*** *** **********, ********** ******* ********* XI *******, *** ********* **** * number ** ***** *** ********** ** strong ******** ******** *** ******** ** protect ******** ******** *********. **** ******* stated ***** ** ******* *** ******** a ******** ***** *** ***********. ** the ** **** **** ** ****** or ***** ** ******** ***** *** ones ******* ** *** *** *** their *** ********** ** ***** ** a **** *****.

*** *** ********* ***** ** ********* should *** ** ************ **** *** rest ** *** ***** *** **** the ****** ** ***** *** ******** Policies ** **** ********** ********* ****.

** ** ***** ******** **** *** United ****** ***** ******* ******* *** or ***** ****** ******* * ******* and ******** ** ****** **** ***** be ******* ****. *** ******** *** cyber ******* **** *** **** ** months ***** ********* ******* *** ** Congress ****** ********* ******. ***** ***** is **-******** ********* ** ********** *** country, ** ***** ** * **** time ** ** **.

*** **** **** ** **** *** Security, **, *** ************** ******** ********* could *** ******* ** *** ****, and ** ******* *** *********** **** their *******, ********* ***** *** **** to ***** ****** ** *** *************** immediately **** ******** ** ******* *** more *******.

*** ****** ******* “How *** *** ******* *** ******* **** ******** ******** ******** *****” is a good history lesson and recommended easy read. I have included some key highlights from the excellent IPVM article for context.

*** ******** ** *********** *** ******** to *** ** ********* ** ******* when ********* *** ********* ********* ** help ******* *** ****** *** ******** of *** *******. ** *** ******** participate *** **** ******* **** *** make * **********.

** ******** ****** *** *********** ** a **** ****** ***, * ****** US ****** *** *** **** **** eliminate ******* *****, *** ********** ** the *********** ** *** ************ **** will **** ** ****** *** ******** of *** ******** **** ** *********** and ***** *********** ** **** *******. The ** *** ****** ***** ** the ********* **** ***** *** **** a ****** ** ******* ** *******. This ** ** *********** ** ** it *****.

*** ********* ******** ** **’* *** words *** ***** *** ***** ****** of *** ***** ***** ** ****** their ***** ********. **** ***** ** it *** **** **** ** *** done *** ****.

2014: ********* ****** ***** **

*******, ** ******** ****, *** ***************** ******* ******* ***** ** ************* And ** **** ******* ********* ** Jinping ** *** ****. *** ***** focused ** ******** ********, **** ** stating ** *** ***** ******* "******* cybersecurity, ***** *** ** ** ******** security" *** "** ****** **** *** *** **********":

IPVM Image

** ******* *** **** ******* *************, there *** ** ** ******** ********, and ******* *********** **********, ***** *** be ** *************. ** ***** * network *****, ** ****** **** *** own **********, **** ****** **********, **** rich *** ************* *********** ********, ******* a ********** ******* *******, **** * good *********** ************** ** **** * strong *********** *******, **** * ****-******* network ******** *** *********** ********** *********, and ******** ***** *** ********* *** multilateral ************* ********* *** *********** ** the ********. [******** *****]

Secure *** ************" ******

** ****** ****, ****** *** ******* Group, *** ******** ** ** *** Industry **************** ******** ********** ************* ************* **** in *** ****************** *** ******** *******, ********* "****** *** ************" ******** and ******** *** "********** ******** *** development":

IPVM Image

**** ******* **** *** *********** ** secure *** ************ *** ******** *** hardware, *** **** * ******** **** in ************ ******** ********, *********** ******** development, ********** *** ********* ** *** popular ****** *** ***** * ****** network *******

****** ********** ******** *** *********** ******** for ***** ******** *********** *******, ****** business *********** *** ********* ****** **** security ***********. [******** *****]

Xi ******* ***** "******** ********** *** ************ ***********"

** ****, ** *********** ******* ******** ******** ***** **** "* ******* power", ******* **** *** *** ****** to "****** *****" "*********** **********" *** promote "******** ********** *** ************ 自主可控" alternatives ** ***** ** ***** * "secure *** ************ ********** ******":

IPVM Image

** ****** ****** ***** *** "**** nose" ** *********** ********** ** **** technology, ***** ******* *** *******-**** ********** of ******* *********** *** *** *** core ********** **** ************* ***************, ********** the ********* ** ******** ********** *** controllable *********** ********, *** ***** * safe *** ************ *********** ********** ****** [emphasis *****]

**** ********* **** "********** *** ************" and "****** *** ************" ***** ********* foreign ********, ** *** ***** ***** had ******* **** ***** ***** **'* original **** ******, *.*. ** ******** 2014, *************** ** ************** **** "******** ************ ** ********** necessary ** ******* ********** *** ************" noting "***** ******** *****" ** ******* IT:

IPVM Image

********* ********, "********" ******** *** ******** easily **** *** ************ ** *********** control, ** *** ************** ** ******** substitution ** ********** ********* ** ******* independent *** ************.

** *** ** **** **** ********** control ** *** ******* ** ******* security *** *********** ********. ****-******* ***** that *********** ******** ** **** ** govern, ******** *** ******** ********* ** not **** ********* ********* *** *** be ************ ******** ** ******* ***************

*** ** ********** *******, *****'* *********** technology ********* ** ******* ********, *** not ** ********** *************, ***** *** major ******** ***** [******** *****]

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative: 9
Unhelpful
Funny

* ****** ***'* ***** ******* *** the ******* *****. *******, ** ** pretty **** **** ** **** ** a ******* ***** **** * *******, that ** ******* ********** ** *****, is **** ** ***** **** *** government **** ********. * ***** **** is *** ******* ****** *** **** see *** *** ** **** ******* over ********** *******.

Agree: 10
Disagree
Informative: 2
Unhelpful
Funny

************* **** ***** *** ** ****** as * ******** ** ** *********.

*** ** ****** ****** *** ************* of *** **** *** ****, *** to ******** *** ****** ****** *** spirit ** *** **** ** ****** the ******* ****** *** **** ****** are ********.

************, *********** *** **** ** ****** choose, ** *** ******** ** ******* and ******, ** *** *** ******* that *** *** **** ***** **** interest ** *****. ** *** ** that ****** ******** ** ***** ********** approval.

** ** **** **** ********, *** security *** ****** *** ***** *** foremost, *** *** **************. ********* *** industry *** ******* **** ** ******* that.

Agree
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Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

Hikvision ******* *** **** *** ********* ** ******* ** *********** **** **** *******...**** ****** ******** ***** *******, *** ** *** “*****” ***** *******.

******? ** ********* ********* ******* ****** streams ** *******?

******* ******* **** *** ******** ***** just ***** ***** ******* **** *** ether?

Agree: 2
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny: 5

** ******* - "***! **** *** gets **!"

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny: 4

******, ********* *********'* ******* **** * letter ** *** *** ********** * meeting **** **** **** *********'* ***** Davis ****** * ******* **** ** why ********* ****** *** ** ******.

*** ****** ******** ****** **** ************ ********* ******* ** ******** ** the ****** ** ******** ** ** this ******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny: 1

***** ********** **** ** **** **** say ** ***** *** ****** *** main ***** **** ** *******.

** ********, **** ****** **** *** clearly ********* ******** ** ***** ***** Chairman **** **** ********* ***** *** on ******* ** ************* ******** ************ outside ** *** ***.

** ***** ** ** **** *** focusing ********** ** ********* ** *** time *** ******* ** ***** *** action **** **** ***** ***** ********* sale ** ***’* ** ********* ******* devices ******* ***** ***** ******** ******* they *** ******.

**** ** **** ****** ** ************ in ******** *** ******, **** **** that *** ** *** ***** ************* not *** ****** *** ******* *** same ********** ******* ***** ******** *** manufacturers **** ** ******* **** **** it.

* *** **** ****** ********** **** work *** ******* ** **** **** in ***** ** *** ********. ********* all ** ********, *** **********, *** all ********** ******** **** ************* ************* to ****.

**** ** *** **** ****.

Agree: 3
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

****** *** ******** *** *****/******* ***** ** ***** ***** *********'* request****, *** ****:

* *** **** * ****** ***** by ********* ******** **** ****** ***** *********** *** ***** ** *** ******** in *** *.*. *’* **** **** convinced ** *** ***** *****, *** I ** **** ** ****: *** Hikvision ******** *** ******* ** *********** for **** ************ ********** ** ******* quick, *************** *********** ****** *** *** the ********* **** ********* **** ** doesn’t ****.

*** **** *** *******:

**** ********* *** ***** ******** ** the ***, ****** * **** ** were ********* ** *** *******. * know ***'** **** ***** *** ********* to *** ********** ********, ********* ************ videos, *** *** ***'* *** ** because ** *** ********** ** ***** in *** *** **** *** ******* lists **** ********* ** *** ** three ******** ****** ** *********** ** this ***** *** ********** ** *********** kind ** **** *** **** ******* the ******** ******* ************* *** **** are ******** **** *** **. **, you ********* ** **** *** *** set **** *** **** ********* ** the *** ** ********, *** *** failed ** ******** ** **. *****. And ** *** *** *** ** authority ** *** **. *** ****, I ******* ** *** ********* *******. But ** ***** ** ** ****'* just ******** ** *********** *** ******** in ********, ***** **** ***, **** NDAA, ****** ****** ** ** ** and ***, **** ** **** *****, these **** *** ** ****** ****. Let's **** **** ** ****'* **** to ****** *** *** *****, **** I ***** ** ***** ** ** the ********** ****** ** **** ****** to **** ********* **** ***** ****** by *** ***

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

**** ******* ****,

*** *** *****, ** ***** ** a ***** *********** ** ****** **** to ***** *** ******** ***** **** a ******, *** * ***** *** a **** **** *** ******** ****** similar ** *** ***’* *** ****** US *** ***** ******’ ********.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*** **** ****** ** ********* ******* these ****** *** ********* **** ** the **** **** *********** *** ******* their ******** *** ********.

Agree
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Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

********,

*** *********, **** ******** ** **** responsibility..

Agree
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Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

******: *****, ********* **** * *** "SPECIAL ********" ** *** ******* ******** "********* ****************"******* ** **** *** ******, ******:

*** ****** ******* *** *******’* ******** on *** ** **** *** ****** on ******’* “******* ****.”

**** **** **** ********* ******* ****** Hikvision *****, *.*., ****** ****** **** "Hikvision *** ***** ** *** *** that **** *** ******* ** **** list *** **** **'* **** * matter ** **** ****** **** *** removed." * ***** **** ** *************** unlikely ***, *********, ** ** * good ********* ******. ** **** ** interesting ** *** **** ** *** response *** *** ***** ** **** as **** ***, ** *** **** of *** *************, ****** ****** **** but ******** **** **** ********* **** this ** * ********* ***** ******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

** ****,

**** ***** ** *** ********* ********** that ***** *********** **** * ******** voted ****** ** * **** ** congress ** *** ** ***** ** allow **** ** ******** ********* ******** that *** ******. ****** ** **** would **** **** *** ***.

**** **** ***** ******* ***** ********* wasn’t ********* ** ********, **** **** in ***** ******* *** ********** *** no ***** ** *** ****.

** ****** **** * ********, ** would **** ** * **** **** for **** ** ******** ** ***** dealers/distributors *** ******* **** ** ***** product ** **** ** ***** ** US **** *** ********, **** *** party ********* *** ******* ** *** users *** ************ ********* **** *** responsibility, ********* ****, ** ***** ******** from ****** ********** **** *** ******** use ** ************ ** * *******.

**** *** **** **** ** ****** their *******/************ **** *** ***** *** statements, *** **** **** *** ** operate ***** ****** ** ** * LOCAL ****** **** ** ********** ** any *******,

** ****** *******, ***** **** *** advising ***** *******/************ *** ******* ** sell *** ******* ***** ******* ******, they *** *********** **** ** ***** the ***.

**** ** ********* ******* ** **** US *********** ****, ****** ********* ******** the *** ** *** ********* ** a ******* ** *********** ** * service ************* ******* *** ***** *** insurance ******** **** ***** **** **** their *******, *** **** ** **** states, ******* *** ******** *********** ** any ***** *********. *** **** ***** they *** ** *******, *** ***** customers ***** ****** ** *** *** even **** ******* ********** ******* *** system, ******* ** *** **********’* *******.

***** ********* *** ** ******* *** US *** ** ************, *** ***** dealers *** ************ ******* ******** ** services ****** *** **, ** **** to ***** ** *** **** *** US ******** ***, **** ** ********* believes ** *** ********* ** ** so. **** ***** **** ***** *********** license *** ***** *********, *** ** subject ** ***** ******.

**** ** ***, **** ******** ** Safety ******, ** *********** ***** ********* sell ** ******* *** ******* ** service ** ***** ********* **** *** potentially ***** **** ** ****, ********** of *** *** *** ****? *** would ******** ******** **** * ************ that ***** **** * **** ** respect *** *** ********** ** ***** the ***** **** *****?

** ** ** *** *** *** to *** ** ******** ***** ** the ******** ******** ********, *** **** the ** **** *** **** *****, they **** ****.

** ***** ** ********* ** *** 1.44 ******* ******* ***** ******** ******* the ***** ************ **** **** ****** so **** ** ****** **** ** businesses *** *********. *** ******* ** with *** ***’* ***** *** ****** for *****.

*** *** *** ***’* ******** **** on *** **** ******** ** ***** will **** ** **********, *** **** those ******** *** *******, *** ****** of ***** *** *** **** ** the ***** *** ******* *** ******* possibilities ***** *********** *** *******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

**** **** ***** ******* ***** ********* wasn’t ********* ** ********, **** **** in ***** ******* *** ********** *** no ***** ** *** ****.

** ********, **** ****, *.*., ************ ****** ********** *** *********** ****** FCC ********

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

* *********, *** *** *****. **** did ****** ***** **** ***** ******** do *** **** *** ******* ** provide *********** ***** *** ******** ** which **** *****, **** ****** **** provide ******* ****** ******** ************** ******** tools *** *** **** ***** ******* that ******* **** *******.

********** *** *********** ** ****** ***** systems ** *** *** ** ********** third ***** ******** *********** *** ****, but ** **** *** ****** ******. The *** ** *** ********** ******* is *** **** ******** ** *********. The ***** ** ************ **** ***** own ********** *** ******* *** *** Security ***** ** ***** ******** ************ by ***** ********* *** ******* *** communications. **** **** ** ********* ***** and ******** **** ***** *******’* ******* security ***** ****** **** ** *****.

*** ******** *** **** ******* *** to ***** ******** ** ** *** use * *********** ***** ** ********* product ** ***.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*** *** ****** ** ** *** is *** ******* ** * ******** crew. **** **** ***** ******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*****:********* ** ********** "**" ****** ******** ***** ******* their ******** *** *** "************** *********":

IPVM Image

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny: 2

**** ******* **** *** **** * bad ****.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

******:***** *** *** **** ******* ********* to *** ** ***** * ***** **** **** ****:

IPVM Image

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*** ******* ** *** **** *** validity ** *** *** ***** ** substance, *** **** ***** ************** ************ that *** ** ***** ** ****** and ******* *** ***** ** ***’ protective ******** ** ******* *** ********* and ****** ** ***’ ******* ** that ******** ********* ** ******** ******** are ****** ** **** ******* **********, private ********, ** ********** ** ******** communication ** **** ****** ***********, ************, and **** ********* ** ******* ********* protection ******* ********** **** *** **** or ******** ** ** ** ******* security *** ******.

*** *** ******* *** ******* ************* devices, *** **** *** *** ****** the ******** ***** *** ****** ** current ***. *** **** *** *** security *** ******* ** *** ** Government ************** ** ** *****, *** also ** ***** ** ***** ******* using *** **** ** *******, ********, or ******* **************. ** **** ****** there *** ** ***** ** ********* or ***************.

******** ***** ** ****** ***’ *********** with ******** ** *** ********* ********* of *** ********** **** ******* **** rather **** ******** ** ******** ******** and **** *******. ** ** ** looks **** * ****, **** **** a ****, *** ****** **** * duck, ** ** * ****. **** addressing ******** *** ******* ******, ** a ******* *** *** ******* ** provide **********, *******, ** ********* ****** to *** ************** **** *** **********, it ****** ** **** ** ** included ** *** ***** ** *** ban. **********, **********, *** ********* “********” of * ******* **** ***** ** its’ ***, ******* ****** ***** * factor.

*** **** ** ********, *******, *** safety *** ******* ***** *** **** is *** *** ******. ** *** make ** ********, *** **** ***** all ***** *** * *******. ** were *** ****** *********, *** **** trusted ******* ** ** ********* *** protect *** ********* ** **** ** their ***. ** **** **** ****** and ******* **** *** ******* **** may ****** **** *******, ***’ ******, and ***’ ********’ ********, ******, *** privacy.

** ****** **** ******** *** *** lead ** ****. *** ******* *** honest ****** ** **** **** *** business ******** ********** *** ***** ****** to **** ******* **** ********, ******, and ******* ***** ****** ** * priority **** ******* *** *****.

** *** *** **** ** ********** to ***** **** ** **** ********. In ****, *** ******** *** **** used ** **** ********* ** **, and *** *** ********** *** ******** are ***** **** ** ****** *** risk ** *** ******** ** *******. It ****** *****.

******** ** *** **** ** **** game. ** *** *** ****** ************* the *****, *** **** *** **** to ****** *** ** *** ******* priorities.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

********* *** **** ** ********* ** an ******** ******** ** ********** ********** - *** ******** ****, *** ********* propelled **, ***** **** **** ******* was ****. ***, **** *** *** first ****** *** ****-*** ** ******** workers.

********* ** ** ******** ******** *** always ******** ******* ** ******** **** all ************ ** ** ** ** equal *** **** ******.

***** **** ***** ******.

******** ** *** **** ** **** game. ** *** *** ****** ************* the *****, *** **** *** **** to ****** *** ** *** ******* priorities.

* ***** **** ** ***** **** this *** ******... *** ****** ********* in ** ******** ******** ** **** being ********** ****.

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny

***, **** ** * ****, *** after *** **** *****, *** ***** will *** *** ********* ****** *** tech *** **. ** ******* *** terminals ********** **** *** ************ ******** around *** *****. ***** ** ******** of ******** ******* ******* **** ** other ******** *** *****, ******* **** for ************ ***** *** ***** ****.

**** ** **** *** ******* ******* what ** ****** ** *********** *** willingness *** ********* ***** ** ***** PRC ******* *** ************* ********.. *** Congress *** **** * *** *******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny
Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

* **** ****** **** ********** ** use **** ******* *** ***** **** clients..

*** ******* "** ***** ****" ******* tech

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny
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