80+ OEMs Verified Vulnerable To Hikvision Backdoor

By: Brian Karas, Published on Sep 22, 2017

Over 80 Hikvision OEM partners, including ADI, Interlogix, LTS, and Northern Video, have been verified as having products vulnerable to the Hikvision backdoor, deployed and exploitable over the public Internet.

IPVM ran tests to verify this using public data and the signature of the backdoor. Our test results found ~40% of all vulnerable devices were from OEMs, with the balance 60% being Hikvision own's branded products. In total, we estimate at least 250,000 devices vulnerable on the public Internet.

This vulnerability is particularly severe because it is simple to exploit and allows attackers to take over the camera by changing the admin password, view images, default the device, brick it, etc.

Demo

Our video below shows how even non-technical users can literally just copy/paste the backdoor string on to the end of a URL to vulnerable Hikvision and OEM partner cameras:

Top Brands Impacted

The following brands, ranked from highest to lowest, were the Top 10 most seen, making up ~30% of the total OEM units responding:

All 85 Brands Impacted

The following OEM brands, determined by associating model numbers returned in the query to specific companies, were identified in a global scan of online devices from a Shodan query

**** ** ********* *** partners, ********* ***, **********, LTS, *** ******** *****, have **** ******** ** having ****************** ** *** ********* backdoor, ******** *** *********** over *** ****** ********.

**** *** ***** ** verify **** ***** ****** data *** *** ********* of *** ********. *** test ******* ***** ~**% of *** ********** ******* were **** ****, **** the ******* **% ***** Hikvision ***'* ******* ********. In *****, ** ******** at ***** ***,*** ******* ********** on *** ****** ********.

**** ************* ** ************ severe ******* ** ** simple ** ******* *** allows ********* ** **** over *** ****** ** changing *** ***** ********, view ******, ******* *** device, ***** **, ***.

****

*** ***** ***** ***** how **** ***-********* ***** can ********* **** ****/***** *** backdoor ****** ** ** the *** ** * URL ** ********** ********* and *** ******* *******:

Top ****** ********

*** ********* ******, ****** from ******* ** ******, were *** *** ** most ****, ****** ** ~30% ** *** ***** OEM ***** **********:

All 85 ****** ********

*** ********* *** ******, determined ** *********** ***** numbers ******** ** *** query ** ******** *********, were ********** ** * global **** ** ****** devices **** * ****** *****

[***************]

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  • **** **********
  • ****
  • ****** ********
  • ** ********
  • ***** ********
  • ***
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  • ******
  • ***********
  • **** *****
  • ***** ****
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  • ** ******
  • **** ****
  • *******
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  • ******
  • ******
  • **&*
  • ******
  • ***** (***** ******** **** current *********)
  • ***
  • ***
  • *****
  • ******
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  • *****’* ********
  • *********
  • *******
  • ***** **********
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  • ******
  • **** *******
  • ****** **
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  • ********* ***
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  • *-***
  • ******* ***** **********
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  • ***

OEMs ***** ********* ******** *****

******* ** *** ***** show **** **** ******** consists ********* ** ******** differences ** ********** ** product ************** *******, *** the **** ********, *** weaknesses ****** **, *** shared ****** *** ******.

**** ****, **** ** Interlogix, **** ******* **** they *** ********** ***** security ******** ** *****, and ***** **** *** be **** ** **** cases, ** **** *** mean **** **** **** eliminated *** *************** ******** in *********'* ******** ********.

OEM ********* ********* ****

**********, ********* ***** ********* OEM ****** **** * ******* risk than ********* ***** *********-******* equipment. **** ** ********* due ** *** ********* reasons:

  • *********'* **** ************** ****** vulnerabilities, releasing "******* *********" **** after ********* *** **** public ** **** ** elsewhere (********* ***** **** *** Security ****** *** **** Bad *****)
  • **** *** ********* ****** to **** ******** *******/******* on ***** ***, *** must **** *** ********* to ******* ******* ******** to ****.
  • *** ***-***** **** ****** not ***** ***** ******** are actually made ** *********, **** they ** *** **** of *************** *** "***-***", even ****** "***-***" ** really **** * ********* unit **** * ****** model ******.

Updated ******** ***** *** *********

**** ** *** ******** OEMs **** ***** *** released ******* ********. *** example, *** ******** **-******* ****** ******** ** ~**% of *** ******* *** TrendNet, **** ******* ****** reporting *** **.*.* ***** that ***** ** *** latest ********* ******** ** TrendNet's *******, ******** ** August ****, ****** ***** Hikvision ******** ***** *** fixed ********. **** ********* that *** ****** ******** from **** *** *** Hikvision's *** ******** *************, leaving **** *** ***** customers ********** *** * longer ****** ** ****.

Firmware ******** ********

** ********* ***** ***** for *** ******** *****, the ******** ****** ******** versions **** * **** old. ***** **** ** these ***** *** ************, and *** *** **** updates *********, **** **** available ******* ****** *** not ********.

Methodology ****

****'* ******* *********** ********* of:

  • ****** ** **,*** ******* from****** ***** *** ********* cameras
  • ***** **** ****** *** device **** ***** ******** exploit (*.*.: ****** **** **** *** Hikvision **** **** ******) ** ****** *************
  • *** ***** ******* ******** to ******** ********* ****** (e.g.: **-* = *********, TV-IP* = ********, **-* = *-***, ***.)
  • ******* **** ** ****** brands
  • ******* ****** ** *********** of **** ***** ** total ******* ** ********* most ******

What ** ** ** **** ***** ** ** *** ****

[******] - **** ******* was ****** ***** ******* publication, ***** ** * comment **** "*********** **********#*" to ******* **** *** impacted ********* ******* ****** be made trustworthy, *** ********** **** to ** ******* ***** security ** * *******. 

** ********* *** ******* your ******** ** ********* if **** **** ** in **** * ********* OEM (** **** ** these ****** ****** ******* over ****, ** ****** from ******** ****). ** you ** **** * Hikvision *******, *** **** reliable ******** ***** ** to ******* ** **** a **** ****** *******. Barring ****, *********** ******* access ** *** ******, and ******* ****** ** to * ********* **** that ** ***** *****, non-security ****, *** ****** will ****** *** ******* of **********.

**** *** ** ******** to ******** ****** *************, as **** ***** *** to ******* ** **** such *********** **** **** their *** *********. *** can **** **** **** device ** *** ** it ** ********** ** pasting *** ****** "****://*************:****/*****-****/********?****=************" into * *******, ********* "youripaddress" **** *** ******'* LAN ** ** *** are ******* **********, ** with *** *** ** or ******** ** ******* externally.

 

Comments (30)

***** ****, ****** ***** for **** ********!

**** ** *****.  *'* love ** *** **** list *** ***** ** well.  

*** ****** ** ** that ******** ** *** most ****** ********** ********* OEM ** **** *****?

****** -*** ******** ***** ***** Settling ******* ******* ********, Inc., ***** *****:

** ****, *** ******* had ****** ******** **** left **** **** ** online *******, *** ** some ********* *********, ** anyone **** *** *******’ Internet *******.

*** ******* **** ***, how *** ** ** sure *** **** ** really * ***? ;)

** **** **** *** have ** **** *** the **** ******* ** be ********* ** ** 100% ****  :-)

****** ****!

**** ** *** ***** you ***** *** *** three ***** ****** ** the *** ******* ** determine *** ******, **** OEM's ***'* ****** ****, so **'* ***** **********.

*** *** **** ****** of *** / *** sites ** *** ****** Ms. ****** ******.

*** ******** ******** ****: *****://********.***/***.**

 [****]

*****://********.***/***/******/*********

*** ******* **** *** three ***** ****** ** your ****** *** *******.

 

 

** *** ***********, *** can *** *** **** URLs, *** ****** *** a ***** ***** ******* of *** ****** **** giving ** *** ******* for ****.  ** *** try *** *** *** get * ***, ** is **** ****** *** a ********* ******.

 

************, *** ********** ** you ****** *** * definitive ******** **** **** supplier, ** ********* ******** that **** ** ***** IP ******* *** ******** accessible *** **** ***** IP ******* *** ** their *** ********* **** that ** ***** *****, non-security ****, *** ******.

****** ** *** * recall **** ******** *** deemed '**-******' ** *********'* story **** *** ****** with ** ****, ********* the *** ** ******* and *** ******** ********. Does **** ***** **** what *** ********* ********* or *****? * ******** **** a '******', ***** * casual ******, **** **** story **** ** ******** over *** **** **** **** Hikvision *** ** ******** into * ********. *** *** rename **** **** '********* **** by ****' ** **** is ** *** ***** 50% ** **** ********? You ***** *** **** subscribers ** ********* ** liked ** ** **** more ******* **** ***-*****.

**** ******** ********* **** that ********* ***** ***  cameras *** ***+ **** and ** **** *** take * ****** ********* to ****** ** *** firmware *** ** ***** others ***** ***** ******** follow ***** **** *** manufactured ** *** **** company, **** ** ****** is *** '****'.

 

*** **** ************** ** you **** *** ******** for ******* ******** ***** be ** ****** ****** these ********/*** *******, ******* them, *** ******** ********* more ******. **** ** the **** *** *** can ** **** *** are *** ******* ** Hikvision's ******** *****, ** removing **** **** **** network ********.

****** ** *** * recall **** ******** *** deemed '**-******' ** *********'* story **** 

* ***** *** **** to **-**** **** **** and **** * ****** to ***** ** ******* more **********. ****, *** 'opinions' ** *******'* *** in ******* ** ******* threat **** *** ****** held ** **** *********** security *************.

***** *** **** ****** threats ***** ** ******* untrustworthy *******, **** ********* cameras, ** * *******, but **** ** *** eliminate **, *** ****** not ** ********** ********** **********, nor ****** *********.

***** *** *** ****** for **** *************, * have ******* *** ********** to ******** ******* *** fact **** ***** ***** should ****** ** ******* from ******* ******** *** best ********.

** *** ** ******* are **** ** ** with *** ********* ** Hikvison *** **** **************? * must ***, **** *** fallen ** ****** **** head ******? 

*** *** ******* ****** biased ******* ********* *** refuse ** ******** *********'* multiple ******* ******** *************** accurately. * *** *** say "*** ** ******* are **** ** **", however ***** *** * number ** ******* **** offer ************* ****** ***** records **** *********, *** if *** *** ********* about ******* ******** **** you ***** *** ***** alternatives.

** *** **** ** make * *****, ******** argument, ** *** ** some ********** (******* ** how * *** ****) regarding ********* **. ***** manufacturers, *** *** ******* to ** **. *** if *** *** ***** to ******** **** *** point ** ***** ******* there ** ****** ****** to respond ** **** **** attempts ** **** **** ** clearly **** *** ****.

** *** ******* **** devices ** * ********* network *** ****** ****** the "**** ** **** was ****** ** ******" effect.  *** ** *** remove *** *************.  ******** else ** **** ******* can ***** ****** *** device.  (*** **'* **** SECURITY ******* - "*** would ***** ** **** there?")

********* **** ******* **** mitigate **** *** ***'** still ******** ****** *** risk.  ** *** ****** want ** ******* ** your *** **** ***'** one ** *** "**** creators" **** **** ** worry ***** ********* *** risk ***?

*’* **** **** ** see **** ***** ****** about *** ****.

*’* **** **** ** see **** ***** ****** about *** ****.

* ****** ********** ** Marty **** ** ***** undisclosed.  

**** *** *** *** personal.

***** ****** ** **** my ********* ** *** Avigilon ***** **** *** entertainment ** * ** indebted ** ***.   

****, **** ***** *** for *** ***********. **** do * *****? * think ** ** ****** to *** **** *** IP ****** ***-*****-*******-****** ** anyone **** **** ** made ** *** **** vulnerable **** *** *****. ANY ****** *** *** could ** *********** ** a ***** **** *** middle *** ** ** issue ** ******* *** wonderful ***** **** ** Hikvision ** **** ** is, * *** ******* headline ** ***********. ** not ********** ***** **** ethernet ******** *** ******** as **** *** ** anyones ***** *****. *** dont *** ******* **** it ***** * ***** (A ******) **** ********* intent ** **** **** Hikvision ******* ** ******** because ** ***'* ****** without ******* ** ******* and **** ******* ** not ***  ********* ******.**** is *** **** ******** with *** ***** **** hate ****, (***** * person ** **** **). If *** **** ********** words the ****** ** ** rid *** ***** ** pencils, *****? ** ***** it ** **** ** just *** *** ** type "*" *******? **** thing **** ** * headline ******* *****, ******* it ** ** ******.

***** *** * **** to *** ***** **** so **** ***.

******* ** *******, *** we *** *** ** your ********?

********* ***'* **** *****, crazy ***** *****.

*** *** **** **** cards *** **** ****** behind ** *? ***'* take *** ****? ****** someone **** **** *** your **** ******? **** are *** ****** **? Make *********, **************, ******** comments **** *** **** again ***** ****** ****** **. At ***** * *** face ** **********, **** an **** ************ *** agree ** ******** **** anyone ******* **********, **** about ***?

 

*** ** *** *** of **** ********?

** #***, * ********. I ***** ********* ***** to ********. ***** ****** statement **** ** ****** is **** ********** **** others right ***** *** ******* ** Hikvision's ******** ********* ** a ******* *** ****** to ****. ***? ******* it ***** *** ********** biased ** ********** ***** cybersecurity ** ** ** say ********* **** **** in ***** ** *** simple *** ********* *** Hikvision ******** **.

** ***** * *** face ** **********, **** an **** ************

** ****, *****, *** use *********** **** ***** as ****.

 

*****, **, ** *** **.

** ****** *******, ****** have **** **** ** ******* cyber ******** ************** ** Hik **** **** ***** than ***** ****** *****. This ***'* **** ****.

*** *** ****** ***** ****? 

** *** *** ****** connections ******* **** ****** and *** *** ***** isn't ** ********* "*** in *** ******" ******.  That's *** ** **** telling ****** ** *** properly ******** ***.  *** yes **** ******* ** everything *** **** **** week's ****-***** ****** *******.

* ***'* ********** *** the ********* **** ****** to ****** ** ******* that ** ** ********** once **********. ***** ******** that *** ***** ** other *******, **** ** they *** ***, *** often **** ********* ** implement ** ****** **** a ******** *** ****** knowledge ** *** ** use ***. * ***** say **** **** ** the **** ****** *** I ****** ****** ********* as ******* ** ******* OEM. *** ***** ** sometimes ***-********* ** * firmware ***** ** ****** troubling.

**** ** **** *** same ****** * **** never ***** ******* ******** being **** ** ********** Network ***** ********. **** there *** *** ***** it *** **** ****** to ******** ** ******** by **. ** ***** fixes **** ******** *******, it ******* * *** deal. **********, ** * have ********* ** *** past, * **** *** fact **** ******* ***** has **** **** ** support ** **** ** have *** ******* ******.

* ***** ******** ** use *** ******* ********* cameras, *** **** ***** publicly **** *** ******** and **** *** ********* on * ****** ****. The ***** ******** *** always ********. 

* **** *** **** I ***'* ***** *** manufacturer ******** ***** ******** by *******. * **** checked *** ** ** personal ********* ******* **** was ****** ******. * updated *** ******** *** the ******** ****** **** was ******** *** ***** enabled *****.

** ** ******* ** one *** ***** **** do **** ********* ***** actually *** *** ***** that *********'* **** ** security ***** *********** ********* and **** **** **** to **** * *** to **** **** ***'* have ******* ******** ********* and **** ***** ***'* properly ***** ******** ** the ********.

* ***** ******** **** the *** ** ****** statement.  ***** * ***** personally ***** *** ********* direct ** ******** * would ***** ** ** better ** ****** *** from *** ****** ****** than ******* *** ****** their ******* ** *** claims ** **** ********* the *******.  *** *** will ****** **** ***** information *** *** ****** on ********, ******** **** company ***** ** ******** to **** ***** ******* down *** ****.  * would ***** **** ** these **** ***'* **** the ********* ** **** with *** **** ** significant ******* ** ***** of ******* *********.  ***** there *** ********* **** who ***** ******* * storm ** *** $**/****** savings ***** *** ****** of ******* **** ***?

 

********** *******: ****** ***** cards ***** ****** ** ATI **** ** ** the **** - *** various *** ****** ***** have ** *** *** driver *******.  *** *** would ********** (****** *****) fail ** ** ** and *** ***** **** would ************ ** ****** incompatible **** *** ************ as * ******.  **** rarely ***** ******** ****** vulnerabilities ** ***** ** remedied.  **** ****'* ****** until ****** ******* ******* their *** ******* **** the ******* ********, ******* via **************.***, *** ******* became **********.

**** **** ****** ***** wallets. ******* **** ** these **** ***** ******* relying ** ********* *** for **** ****** **** will **** ** **** the **** ********** ********* of ******* ** *** Chinese ***** ***** *****. Don't ****** **** ***** defenders ** *** ***** products **** ** **** with * ********* ***** client **** ** ****. A ****** **** **** bought *** ***** ******** in **** *****, ** in **** ***** * can ******* **** ******* in ** ****** ** by **** ************ ********** about *** **** ******* people *** ***** ********* products. ******* *** ** they **** *** **** they **** * ******* price *** * **** poor ******* **** ** comes ** ***** ******** or *********. ******** **** some *********, ** ******** one ** **********, ****** that ** ****** *** Hik ********* **** ***** the *********** **** **** expensive ******** ** ******** his ****** *** *******?

** ****** *** *** solutions **** ***** *** competitors **** **** ********* solution ** ******** *** margin *** *******

**********: ****** ****** *********.

** ********, ******, #**, you *** **** *** Hikvision ********** **** ******* ********** in **** **** **** that *********.

** *** ***** ****, I ** ***** **** the ******* **** **** long-time ********* *********** *** now **. ** **** go **** *** *** "hey ** ********, * sold *** ***** ***** low **** ******* **** now **** *** ** have * ******** ** it *** *** ************ ** a subsidiary ** *** ******* government", **** **** * variety ** ***** ********.

**** ** *** **** 'in ********' ****? *** is **** ******** '** fairness'? ** ****** ** does **** ** ***** scenario ** ***** ****** no ****** **** *** other ************ ** **** times ****. ** ******* above ***'* ****** ***** on **** *** **** mention ** **** ********** post,that ***** ** * little ***** ** *** 'narrow ******' *****'** **?

*'* *** ** ********** or *********, *** **** helped **** ******* *** a ****** ** *** up ****** *** **** in ***** ****. ******* calls *** ******* *** working...

 

*'* **** ** ** a ******* **** *** been ******* ***** ** non-stop *** *-* *****.

*** *** **** ** that ***** ********* **** have **** ******* **** equipment *** *-* ***** will ****** *** ** around ** *-* **** years ** **** **** and **** ***** ** this *********.  ** ************* we ****** ***** **** to *** ******** **** being **** ** **** long ***** ****** *** slap * ****** *** on *** *******

**** *** **** **** wifi ******* **** **** enough ********* ***** *** simply **** ***** ***** cables *** ****** * one **** **** *** camera ** * ****.

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