80+ OEMs Verified Vulnerable To Hikvision Backdoor

By: Brian Karas, Published on Sep 22, 2017

Over 80 Hikvision OEM partners, including ADI, Interlogix, LTS, and Northern Video, have been verified as having products vulnerable to the Hikvision backdoor, deployed and exploitable over the public Internet.

IPVM ran tests to verify this using public data and the signature of the backdoor. Our test results found ~40% of all vulnerable devices were from OEMs, with the balance 60% being Hikvision own's branded products. In total, we estimate at least 250,000 devices vulnerable on the public Internet.

This vulnerability is particularly severe because it is simple to exploit and allows attackers to take over the camera by changing the admin password, view images, default the device, brick it, etc.

Demo

Our video below shows how even non-technical users can literally just copy/paste the backdoor string on to the end of a URL to vulnerable Hikvision and OEM partner cameras:

Top Brands Impacted

The following brands, ranked from highest to lowest, were the Top 10 most seen, making up ~30% of the total OEM units responding:

All 85 Brands Impacted

The following OEM brands, determined by associating model numbers returned in the query to specific companies, were identified in a global scan of online devices from a Shodan query:

**** ** ********* *** partners, ********* ***, **********, LTS, *** ******** *****, have **** ******** ** having ****************** ** *** ********* backdoor, ******** *** *********** over *** ****** ********.

**** *** ***** ** verify **** ***** ****** data *** *** ********* of *** ********. *** test ******* ***** ~**% of *** ********** ******* were **** ****, **** the ******* **% ***** Hikvision ***'* ******* ********. In *****, ** ******** at ***** ***,*** ******* vulnerable ** *** ****** Internet.

**** ************* ** ************ severe ******* ** ** simple ** ******* *** allows ********* ** **** over *** ****** ** changing *** ***** ********, view ******, ******* *** device, ***** **, ***.

****

*** ***** ***** ***** how **** ***-********* ***** can ********* **** ****/***** the ******** ****** ** to *** *** ** a *** ** ********** Hikvision *** *** ******* cameras:

Top ****** ********

*** ********* ******, ****** from ******* ** ******, were *** *** ** most ****, ****** ** ~30% ** *** ***** OEM ***** **********:

All ** ****** ********

*** ********* *** ******, determined ** *********** ***** numbers ******** ** *** query ** ******** *********, were ********** ** * global **** ** ****** devices **** ******* *****:

[***************]

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  • **** **********
  • ****
  • ****** ********
  • ** ********
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  • *********
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  • ***********
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  • ***** ****
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  • *******
  • *********
  • ** ******
  • **** ****
  • *******
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  • **********
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  • ******
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  • ******
  • ***** (***** ******** **** current *********)
  • ***
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  • ****** **
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  • ******* ***** **********
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  • ***

OEMs ***** ********* ******** *****

******* ** *** ***** show **** **** ******** consists ********* ** ******** differences ** ********** ** product ************** *******, *** the **** ********, *** weaknesses ****** **, *** shared ****** *** ******.

**** ****, **** ** Interlogix, **** ******* **** they *** ********** ***** security ******** ** *****, and ***** **** *** be **** ** **** cases, ** **** *** mean **** **** **** eliminated *** *************** ******** in *********'* ******** ********.

OEM ********* ********* ****

**********, ********* ***** ********* OEM ****** **** * greater **** **** ********* using *********-******* *********. **** is ********* *** ** the ********* *******:

  • *********'* **** ************** ****** vulnerabilities, ********* "******* *********" only ***** ********* *** made ****** ** **** or ********* (********* ***** **** *** Security ****** *** **** Bad *****)
  • **** *** ********* ****** to **** ******** *******/******* on ***** ***, *** must **** *** ********* to ******* ******* ******** to ****.
  • *** ***-***** **** ****** not ***** ***** ******** are ******** **** ** Hikvision, **** **** ** not **** ** *************** for "***-***", **** ****** "ABC-Cam" ** ****** **** a ********* **** **** a ****** ***** ******.

Updated ******** ***** *** *********

**** ** *** ******** OEMs **** ***** *** released ******* ********. *** example, *********** **-************* ******** ** ~**% of *** ******* *** TrendNet, **** ******* ****** reporting *** **.*.* ***** that ***** ** *** latest ********* ******** ** TrendNet's *******, ******** ** August ****, ****** ***** Hikvision ******** ***** *** fixed ********. **** ********* that *** ****** ******** from **** *** *** Hikvision's *** ******** *************, leaving **** *** ***** customers ********** *** * longer ****** ** ****.

Firmware ******** ********

** ********* ***** ***** for *** ******** *****, the ******** ****** ******** versions **** * **** old. ***** **** ** these ***** *** ************, and *** *** **** updates *********, **** **** available ******* ****** *** not ********.

Methodology ****

****'* ******* *********** ********* of:

  • ****** ** **,*** ******* from ******* ***** *** ********* cameras
  • ***** **** ****** *** device **** ***** ******** exploit (*.*.:****** **** **** *** Hikvision **** **** ******) ** ****** *************
  • *** ***** ******* ******** to ******** ********* ****** (e.g.: **-* = *********, TV-IP* = ********, **-* = *-***, ***.)
  • ******* **** ** ****** brands
  • ******* ****** ** *********** of **** ***** ** total ******* ** ********* most ******

What ** ** ** **** ***** ** ** *** ****

[******] - **** ******* was ****** ***** ******* publication, ***** ** * comment **** "*********** **********#*" to ******* **** *** impacted ********* ******* ****** be **** ***********, *** ultimately **** ** ** removed ***** ******** ** a *******.

** ********* *** ******* your ******** ** ********* if **** **** ** in **** * ********* OEM (** **** ** these ****** ****** ******* over ****, ** ****** from ******** ****). ** you ** **** * Hikvision *******, *** **** reliable ******** ***** ** to ******* ** **** a **** ****** *******. Barring ****, *********** ******* access ** *** ******, and ******* ****** ** to * ********* **** that ** ***** *****, non-security ****, *** ****** will ****** *** ******* of **********.

**** *** ** ******** to ******** ****** *************, as **** ***** *** to ******* ** **** such *********** **** **** their *** *********. *** can **** **** **** device ** *** ** it ** ********** ** pasting *** ****** "****://*************:****/*****-****/********?****=************" into * *******, ********* "youripaddress" **** *** ******'* LAN ** ** *** are ******* **********, ** with *** *** ** or ******** ** ******* externally.

Comments (30)

***** ****, ****** ***** *** **** ********!

**** ** *****. *'* love ** *** **** list *** ***** ** well.

*** ****** ** ** that ******** ** *** most ****** ********** ********* OEM ** **** *****?

****** -*** ******** ***** ***** Settling ******* ******* ********, Inc., ***** *****:

** ****, *** ******* had ****** ******** **** left **** **** ** online *******, *** ** some ********* *********, ** anyone **** *** *******’ Internet *******.

*** ******* **** ***, *** *** ** ** **** *** unit ** ****** * ***? ;)

** **** **** *** **** ** **** *** *** **** exploit ** ** ********* ** ** ***% **** :-)

****** ****!

**** ** *** ***** you ***** *** *** three ***** ****** ** the *** ******* ** determine *** ******, **** OEM's ***'* ****** ****, so **'* ***** **********.

*** *** **** ****** of *** / *** sites ** *** ****** Ms. ****** ******.

*** ******** ******** ****: https://aruljohn.com/mac.pl

[****]

*****://********.***/***/******/*********

*** ******* **** *** three ***** ****** ** your ****** *** *******.

** *** ***********, *** can *** *** **** URLs, *** ****** *** a ***** ***** ******* of *** ****** **** giving ** *** ******* for ****. ** *** try *** *** *** get * ***, ** is **** ****** *** a ********* ******.

************, *** ********** ** you ****** *** * definitive ******** **** **** supplier, ** ********* ******** that **** ** ***** IP ******* *** ******** accessible *** **** ***** IP ******* *** ** their *** ********* **** that ** ***** *****, non-security ****, *** ******.

****** ** *** * recall **** ******** *** deemed '**-******' ** *********'* story **** *** ****** with ** ****, ********* the *** ** ******* and *** ******** ********. Does **** ***** **** what *** ********* ********* or *****? * ******** this * '******', ***** a ****** ******, **** this ***** **** ** repeated **** *** **** when **** ********* *** be ******** **** * headline. *** *** ****** your **** '********* **** by ****' ** **** is ** *** ***** 50% ** **** ********? You ***** *** **** subscribers ** ********* ** liked ** ** **** more ******* **** ***-*****.

**** ******** ********* **** that ********* ***** *** cameras *** ***+ **** and ** **** *** take * ****** ********* to ****** ** *** firmware *** ** ***** others ***** ***** ******** follow ***** **** *** manufactured ** *** **** company, **** ** ****** is *** '****'.

*** **** ************** ** you **** *** ******** for ******* ******** ***** be ** ****** ****** these ********/*** *******, ******* them, *** ******** ********* more ******. **** ** the **** *** *** can ** **** *** are *** ******* ** Hikvision's ******** *****, ** removing **** **** **** network ********.

****** ** *** * recall **** ******** *** deemed '**-******' ** *********'* story ****

* ***** *** **** to **-**** **** **** and **** * ****** to ***** ** ******* more **********. ****, *** 'opinions' ** *******'* *** in ******* ** ******* threat **** *** ****** held ** **** *********** security *************.

***** *** **** ****** threats ***** ** ******* untrustworthy *******, **** ********* cameras, ** * *******, but **** ** *** eliminate **, *** ****** not ** ********** ********** protection, *** ****** *********.

***** *** *** ****** for **** *************, * have ******* *** ********** to ******** ******* *** fact **** ***** ***** should ****** ** ******* from ******* ******** *** best ********.

** *** ** ******* are **** ** ** with *** ********* ** Hikvison *** **** **************? I **** ***, **** you ****** ** ****** your **** ******?

*** *** ******* ****** biased ******* ********* *** refuse ** ******** *********'* multiple ******* ******** *************** accurately. * *** *** say "*** ** ******* are **** ** **", however ***** *** * number ** ******* **** offer ************* ****** ***** records **** *********, *** if *** *** ********* about ******* ******** **** you ***** *** ***** alternatives.

** *** **** ** make * *****, ******** argument, ** *** ** some ********** (******* ** how * *** ****) regarding ********* **. ***** manufacturers, *** *** ******* to ** **. *** if *** *** ***** to ******** **** *** point ** ***** ******* there ** ****** ****** to ******* ** **** poor ******** ** **** what ** ******* **** out ****.

** *** ******* **** devices ** * ********* network *** ****** ****** the "**** ** **** was ****** ** ******" effect. *** ** *** remove *** *************. ******** else ** **** ******* can ***** ****** *** device. (*** **'* **** SECURITY ******* - "*** would ***** ** **** there?")

********* **** ******* **** mitigate **** *** ***'** still ******** ****** *** risk. ** *** ****** want ** ******* ** your *** **** ***'** one ** *** "**** creators" **** **** ** worry ***** ********* *** risk ***?

*’* **** **** ** *** **** ***** ****** ***** *** this.

*’* **** **** ** *** **** ***** ****** ***** *** this.

* ****** ********** ** ***** **** ** ***** ***********.

**** *** *** *** ********.

***** ****** ** **** ** ********* ** *** ******** ***** blog *** ************* ** * ** ******** ** ***.

****, **** ***** *** for *** ***********. **** do * *****? * think ** ** ****** to *** **** *** IP ****** ***-*****-*******-****** ** anyone **** **** ** made ** *** **** vulnerable **** *** *****. ANY ****** *** *** could ** *********** ** a ***** **** *** middle *** ** ** issue ** ******* *** wonderful ***** **** ** Hikvision ** **** ** is, * *** ******* headline ** ***********. ** not ********** ***** **** ethernet ******** *** ******** as **** *** ** anyones ***** *****. *** dont *** ******* **** it ***** * ***** (A ******) **** ********* intent ** **** **** Hikvision ******* ** ******** because ** ***'* ****** without ******* ** ******* and **** ******* ** not *** ********* ******.**** is *** **** ******** with *** ***** **** hate ****, (***** * person ** **** **). If *** **** ********** words *** ****** ** to *** *** ***** of *******, *****? ** would ** ** **** to **** *** *** of **** "*" *******? Same ***** **** ** a ******** ******* *****, dismiss ** ** ** fodder.

***** *** * **** to *** ***** **** so **** ***.

******* ** *******, *** ** *** *** ** **** ********?

********* ***'* **** *****, ***** ***** *****.

*** *** **** **** cards *** **** ****** behind ** *? ***'* take *** ****? ****** someone **** **** *** your **** ******? **** are *** ****** **? Make *********, **************, ******** comments **** *** **** again ***** ****** ****** UM. ** ***** * can **** ** **********, have ** **** ************ and ***** ** ******** with ****** ******* **********, what ***** ***?

*** ** *** *** of **** ********?

** #***, * ********. I ***** ********* ***** to ********. ***** ****** statement **** ** ****** is **** ********** **** others ***** ***** *** details ** *********'* ******** disclosed ** * ******* for ****** ** ****. Why? ******* ** ***** how ********** ****** ** uninformed ***** ************* ** is ** *** ********* like **** ** ***** of *** ****** *** dangerous *** ********* ******** is.

** ***** * *** face ** **********, **** an **** ************

** ****, *****, *** use *********** **** ***** as ****.

*****, **, ** *** no.

** ****** *******, ****** have **** **** ** EXPLOIT ***** ******** ************** in *** **** **** often **** ***** ****** makes. **** ***'* **** NEWS.

*** *** ****** ***** guns?

** *** *** ****** connections ******* **** ****** and *** *** ***** isn't ** ********* "*** in *** ******" ******. That's *** ** **** telling ****** ** *** properly ******** ***. *** yes **** ******* ** everything *** **** **** week's ****-***** ****** *******.

* ***'* ********** *** *** ********* **** ****** ** ****** an ******* **** ** ** ********** **** **********. ***** ******** that *** ***** ** ***** *******, **** ** **** *** bad, *** ***** **** ********* ** ********* ** ****** **** a ******** *** ****** ********* ** *** ** *** ***. I ***** *** **** **** ** *** **** ****** *** I ****** ****** ********* ** ******* ** ******* ***. *** delay ** ********* ***-********* ** * ******** ***** ** ****** troubling.

**** ** **** *** **** ****** * **** ***** ***** Digital ******** ***** **** ** ********** ******* ***** ********. **** there *** *** ***** ** *** **** ****** ** ******** be ******** ** **. ** ***** ***** **** ******** *******, it ******* * *** ****. **********, ** * **** ********* in *** ****, * **** *** **** **** ******* ***** has **** **** ** ******* ** **** ** **** *** serious ******.

* ***** ******** ** *** *** ******* ********* *******, *** they ***** ******** **** *** ******** *** **** *** ********* on * ****** ****. *** ***** ******** *** ****** ********.

* **** *** **** * ***'* ***** *** ************ ******** cloud ******** ** *******. * **** ******* *** ** ** personal ********* ******* **** *** ****** ******. * ******* *** firmware *** *** ******** ****** **** *** ******** *** ***** enabled *****.

** ** ******* ** *** *** ***** **** ** **** Hikvision ***** ******** *** *** ***** **** *********'* **** ** security ***** *********** ********* *** **** **** **** ** **** a *** ** **** **** ***'* **** ******* ******** ********* and **** ***** ***'* ******** ***** ******** ** *** ********.

* ***** ******** **** the *** ** ****** statement. ***** * ***** personally ***** *** ********* direct ** ******** * would ***** ** ** better ** ****** *** from *** ****** ****** than ******* *** ****** their ******* ** *** claims ** **** ********* the *******. *** *** will ****** **** ***** information *** *** ****** on ********, ******** **** company ***** ** ******** to **** ***** ******* down *** ****. * would ***** **** ** these **** ***'* **** the ********* ** **** with *** **** ** significant ******* ** ***** of ******* *********. ***** there *** ********* **** who ***** ******* * storm ** *** $**/****** savings ***** *** ****** of ******* **** ***?

********** *******: ****** ***** cards ***** ****** ** ATI **** ** ** the **** - *** various *** ****** ***** have ** *** *** driver *******. *** *** would ********** (****** *****) fail ** ** ** and *** ***** **** would ************ ** ****** incompatible **** *** ************ as * ******. **** rarely ***** ******** ****** vulnerabilities ** ***** ** remedied. **** ****'* ****** until ****** ******* ******* their *** ******* **** the ******* ********, ******* via **************.***, *** ******* became **********.

**** **** ****** ***** wallets. ******* **** ** these **** ***** ******* relying ** ********* *** for **** ****** **** will **** ** **** the **** ********** ********* of ******* ** *** Chinese ***** ***** *****. Don't ****** **** ***** defenders ** *** ***** products **** ** **** with * ********* ***** client **** ** ****. A ****** **** **** bought *** ***** ******** in **** *****, ** in **** ***** * can ******* **** ******* in ** ****** ** by **** ************ ********** about *** **** ******* people *** ***** ********* products. ******* *** ** they **** *** **** they **** * ******* price *** * **** poor ******* **** ** comes ** ***** ******** or *********. ******** **** some *********, ** ******** one ** **********, ****** that ** ****** *** Hik ********* **** ***** the *********** **** **** expensive ******** ** ******** his ****** *** *******?

** ****** *** *** solutions **** ***** *** competitors **** **** ********* solution ** ******** *** margin *** *******

**********:****** ****** *********.

** ********, ******, #**, you *** **** *** Hikvision ********** **** ******* referenced ** **** **** with **** *********.

** *** ***** ****, I ** ***** **** the ******* **** **** long-time ********* *********** *** now **. ** **** go **** *** *** "hey ** ********, * sold *** ***** ***** low **** ******* **** now **** *** ** have * ******** ** it *** *** ************ by * ********** ** the ******* **********", **** risk * ******* ** scary ********.

**** ** *** **** 'in ********' ****? *** is **** ******** '** fairness'? ** ****** ** does **** ** ***** scenario ** ***** ****** no ****** **** *** other ************ ** **** times ****. ** ******* above ***'* ****** ***** on **** *** **** mention ** **** ********** post,that ***** ** * little ***** ** *** 'narrow ******' *****'** **?

*'* *** ** ********** ** *********, *** **** ****** **** friends *** * ****** ** *** ** ****** *** **** in ***** ****. ******* ***** *** ******* *** *******...

*'* **** ** ** * ******* **** *** **** ******* these ** ***-**** *** *-* *****.

*** *** **** ** that ***** ********* **** have **** ******* **** equipment *** *-* ***** will ****** *** ** around ** *-* **** years ** **** **** and **** ***** ** this *********. ** ************* we ****** ***** **** to *** ******** **** being **** ** **** long ***** ****** *** slap * ****** *** on *** *******

**** *** **** **** **** ******* **** **** ****** ********* those *** ****** **** ***** ***** ****** *** ****** * one **** **** *** ****** ** * ****.

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