GDPR For Video Surveillance Guide

Author: Charles Rollet, Published on Apr 12, 2018

The European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) comes into force on May 25, but there is much confusion and no clear guidelines on exactly how these new regulations will impact the video surveillance industry.

We have compiled the following guide, based on our own research into the primary sources for the regulation as well as numerous discussions, covering the following:

  • GDPR basics
  • Surveillance industry concerns
  • New regulations / no legal precedent
  • GDPR terms defined
  • Public signage requirements
  • Design concerns
  • Impact on recording video
  • Usage of biometrics / facial recognition / gender / age recognition
  • Dealing with data requests from people
  • Dealing with cybersecurity / vulnerabilities
  • Who has 'exceptions' to the GDPR
  • Do I need to get certified?
  • Do I need to hire a Data Protection Officer?
  • Do DPOs need a certification or some sort of qualification?

When finishing this guide, you should be able to answer our 10 question quiz on GDPR.

GDPR Basics And Industry Concerns

The GDPR regulates all companies processing the personal data of people in the EU, regardless of where the company might be based. Because video footage of someone is considered their data, the video surveillance industry is directly impacted by the GDPR.

The GDPR gives data subjects in the EU significant new rights to access and remove their data while imposing restrictions on how this data can be collected. But the GDPR itself makes no mention of how it applies to video surveillance and threatens tough penalties on misconduct.

Surveillance Industry Concerns

That has led to a significant amount of uncertainty and fear for video surveillance, an industry where unprepared companies could find themselves subject to big fines. GDPR provisions like the right of people to request their data be removed or the need to obtain consent from data subjects also raise significant logistical hurdles in video surveillance, especially in areas like Artificial Intelligence / AI / Deep Learning where attempts are made at categorizing people by face, age, gender and ethnicity.

Warning - Regulations New / Imprecise / No Legal Precedent

Before reading this guide, you should be aware of the following factors:

  1. GDPR regulations are imprecise and can be interpreted in a number of ways. Most importantly, the GDPR makes no explicit mention of video surveillance, so we have yet to see exactly how GDPR regulations will be applied to the security industry.
  2. The GDPR only goes into effect on May 25th, so there are no legal precedents we can refer to in order to interpret its regulations.
  3. Despite 1 and 2, manufacturers, consultants, and many others often claim to provide fully accurate insights GDPR compliance, something which can require paying them substantial fees. Taking their advice at face value may present risks, so we have compiled our guide using primary EU documents to the fullest extent possible rather than the opinions of third parties.

*********** *****’* ******* **** ********** ********** (****)***** **** ***** ** *** **, *** ***** ** **** confusion *** ** ***** ********** ** ******* *** ***** *** regulations **** ****** *** ***** ************ ********.

** **** ******** *** ********* *****, ***** ** *** *** research **** *** ******* ******* *** *** ********** ** **** as ******** ***********, ******** *** *********:

  • **** ******
  • ************ ******** ********
  • *** *********** / ** ***** *********
  • **** ***** *******
  • ****** ******* ************
  • ****** ********
  • ****** ** ********* *****
  • ***** ** ********** / ****** *********** / ****** / *** recognition
  • ******* **** **** ******** **** ******
  • ******* **** ************* / ***************
  • *** *** '**********' ** *** ****
  • ** * **** ** *** *********?
  • ** * **** ** **** * **** ********** *******?
  • ** **** **** * ************* ** **** **** ** *************?

**** ********* **** *****, *** ****** ** **** ******** *** ** ******** **** ** ****.

GDPR ****** *** ******** ********

*** **** ********* *** ********* ********** *** ******** **** ** people ** *** **, ********** ** ***** *** ******* ***** be *****. ******* ***** ******* ** ******* ** ********** ***** data, *** ***** ************ ******** ** ******** ******** ** *** GDPR.

*** **** ***** **** ******** ** *** ** *********** *** rights ** ****** *** ****** ***** **** ***** ******** ************ on *** **** **** *** ** *********. *** *** **** itself ***** ** ******* ** *** ** ******* ** ***** surveillance *** ********* ***** ********* ** **********.

Surveillance ******** ********

**** *** *** ** * *********** ****** ** *********** *** fear *** ***** ************, ** ******** ***** ********** ************** **** ********** ******* ** *** *****. **** ********** **** *** ***** ** ****** ** ******* their **** ** ******* ** *** **** ** ****** ******* from **** ******** **** ***** *********** ********** ******* ** ***** surveillance, ********** ** ***** **** ********** ************ / ** / Deep ******** ***** ******** *** **** ** ************ ****** ** face, ***, ****** *** *********.

Warning - *********** *** / ********* / ** ***** *********

****** ******* **** *****, *** ****** ** ***** ** *** following *******:

  1. **** *********** *** ********* *** *** ** *********** ** * number ** ****. **** ***********, *** **** ***** ** ******** mention ** ***** ************, ** ** **** *** ** *** exactly *** **** *********** **** ** ******* ** *** ******** industry.
  2. *** **** **** **** **** ****** ** *** ****, ** there *** ** ***** ********** ** *** ***** ** ** order ** ********* *** ***********.
  3. ******* * *** *, *************, ***********, *** **** ****** ***** claim ** ******* ***** ******** ******** **** **********, ********* ***** can ******* ****** **** *********** ****. ****** ***** ****** ** face ***** *** ******* *****, ** ** **** ******** *** guide ***** ******* ** ********* ** *** ******* ****** ******** rather **** *** ******** ** ***** *******.

[***************]

GDPR *****

*****, ** *** * ****** **** ** *** *** **** affects ***** ************, **** *** **** *** **** *****, ********* in **** ****** *****:

  • **** ***********
  • **** **********
  • **** ********
  • ********* ****

Data *********** - ***** ************ *** *****

**** *********** *** *** ********* **** ******** ******** ** *** GDPR; **** ** *** ****’* ********** ****** ***** ** **** controllers. *** **** ** * **** **********?********* ** *** ****, **** “********* *** ******** *** ***** ** *** ********** of ******** ****.” ** *** ***** ************ *******, **** *********** are *** *****: * ******** **** ******** **** * ******** camera ******, *** *******, ** *** ********** ** *** ***** surveillance **** ** ********. (****: ********* **** **** ******** **** on ***** ********* *** **** ********** **** *********** ** **** specific **** ***, ** **** ** *** *** ********* *** “data ***********” ** **** ****** *******.)

Data ********** - ***** / *****, ******** ***********

**** ********** *** *** ********* **** ******* ******** **** ** behalf ** **** ***********. ** ***** ************, ***** ********* ******* personal **** ** ****** ** ** *** **** *** ****** to ** ********** **** **********. *********** ** ************* ***** **** be ********** **** ********** ** **** ******** ****** ***** ********* data ** ****** ** *** *** ****. *** *******, ** an ********** ******** ** *** ****’* ***** ********* **** *** maintenance ********, *** ********** *** ** ********** * **** ********* under *** ****.

Data ******** - ******

***** *** *** ****** ***** ******** ** ******. *** **** creates * **** ** *** ****** *** **** ********.

Biometric **** *******

*** ********** ***** “******** [**********] * ******* ******”. ***** ********* techniques **** ****** ** *** *********** **** ***** **** ********.

Surveillance ****** / ********** **************

*****, ** ******* *** ****'* ****** ****** ** ***** *** areas:

  • ****** *******
  • **** ********** ****** ***********
  • ******* *********
  • *** ** ********* **** (****/******/***)
  • **** ********
  • ***** ********/************* *********
  • *************/******* *******
  • ********** ************

Public ******* **** *********

******* *** **** ******************* ** ******* ************* ************ ********** ****** ********** *******, ** ** **** ********* **** **** *** ************ ********* to ****** *** ****** ** **** *** ********* ***** ** them. **** *** ** **** **** * **** ******* ****** that **** *** ***** ******* ** ******* **** *** ******** contact *********** ** **** ******** *** ****** **.

***** *********** *** ******** **** *** ***** ** *** **** least *** ** ***** ********** **** ***** ************ ** ****** place,** ******* ***** **** ******** **** ******* *** **** *** ********* ******* should **** ** ******** (“*********** ** ** ******** ***** ******** data *** ********* **** *** **** *******”):

  • *** ******** *** ******* ******* ** *** **** **********
  • “*** ******** ** *** ********** *** ***** *** ******** **** are ******** ** **** ** *** ***** ***** *** *** processing”
  • “*** ****** *** ***** *** ******** **** **** ** ******, or ** **** ** *** ********, *** ******** **** ** determine **** ******”
  • ********* **** ******** ** ***** “***** ** ***** * ********* with * *********** *********”
  • *** ********* ** *** ***** ** ******* ******, *************, *** removal ** *** ****

***, ** **********, **** *****:

  • *** ******* ******* ** ***, ** *** **** ***
  • ** *** **** **** ** *********** ** ******* *******, *** relevant ********** ** *****
  • ********** ** *** ******** **** (** ***** **** *** *** user)
  • “*** ********* ** ********* ********-******, ********* *********... ***, ** ***** in ***** *****, ********** *********** ***** *** ***** ********, ** well ** *** ************ *** *** ********* ************ ** **** processing *** *** **** *******.” (**** ***** ****** ***** ** things **** ****** *********** ** ***** ********* **********)

*** ***** ****** **** ****** *** **** ** *** ******* visible *** ** ******* *******.

Additional ****** *********** / **** ********** ****** **********

*** **** ******* *** ****** ************ ** ****. ** *** case ** “********** ********** ** * ******** ********** **** ** a ***** *****,”******* ** ** *** ************ **** * “**** ********** ****** **********” (****) ** ** conducted ****** *** ****** ** *********, *********:

  • “* ********** *********** ** *** ********* ********** ********** *** *** purposes ** *** **********, *********, ***** **********, *** ********** ******** pursued ** *** **********”
  • “** ********** ** *** ********* *** *************** ** *** ********** operations ** ******** ** *** ********”
  • “** ********** ** *** ***** ** *** ****** *** ******** of **** ********”
  • “*** ******** ********* ** ******* *** *****, ********* **********, ******** measures *** ********** ** ****** *** ********** ** ******** **** and ** *********** ********** **** **** ********** ****** **** ******* the ****** *** ********** ********* ** **** ******** *** ***** persons *********.”

***** **** ** ********* ** **** *********** ***** ** *** processing ********* ***** *****. *** **’* ******* ** ******* ***** has************* ******** ***** ** ** *********** *** ***** ** ** published ** **** *********** ********, ** ********** ********** ** ***** a ******* ** *** **** ** * **** ********. ******* where ** ****** ** ********* ** ********* (******** ******, *******, local *********, ***).

************, “***** * **** ******* **** ******** *****, *** **** controller **** ** ******** ** **** ***** ************ *** *** processing **** *** *********** *********”.

No ******* ******* *********

*** **** *** ** *** ****** ** *** **** **** should ** ****** *** ****** **** **** ****** *** ** kept *** ****** **** ** ********* *** *** ******** ********. The **** **** ****** ****** ******* ******* *** “****** ********, scientific, ** ********** ******** ********” (******* *) ** *** **** **** ************ ****** *** ***** ********** is ****** ** ********* ** *** **** ****** ** *** prove ** ** ****** ********* ** ***** *******.

Usage ** ********* **** ********* ********** (****/******/***)

*** ** ***** *** ********** ****** ********* **** ********* ********** and *** ********** ********* * ** *** ****.

********** ** ******** **** ********* ****** ** ****** ******, ********* opinions, ********* ** ************* *******, ** ***** ***** **********, *** the ********** ** ******* ****,biometric **** *** *** ******* ** ******** *********** * ******* ******, data concerning health or data concerning a natural person’s sex life or sexual orientation shall ** **********. [emphasis added]

The ********* ** ********* ***********

*******, *** **** ********** * ****** ** ********** ** **** prohibition. *** ***** ************, *** ******** ********* ** *** *******-****** “reasons ** *********** ****** ********.” ********** ** ****** ****** *** currently ******** **** ***** ****** ******** ******* ******** ****. ** far **** *** ****** ******* ** *** *********** *** ***** prevention.

*** *******, ***** *** ****, * ******** **** ***** ****** be ********** **** ***** ****** *********** ** *** ******* ** identify **** ******* ******* ******* ***** ****. * ******** **** could *********** *** ****** *********** ********** ********* ********* ** **** as ** ** ****** ** *** ** ****** ***** ** be:

  • “********* *** ******* ** *********** ****** ********”
  • “************* ** *** *** *******”
  • ********** ** *** “*** ******* ** *** ***** ** **** protection”
  • ******** “******** *** ******** ******** ** ********* *** *********** ****** and *** ********* ** *** **** *******.”

** * ******** **** ***** **** *********** ** ***** *********** only *** ** *** *** ** ****** ** ** ****** GDPR *********** ********* ** *** ** *****’* ************** ** *** aforementioned ******. *******, * **** ***** **** *********** ** *** shoppers **** ** ********** ****** ******** **** ***** ****** ** in ****** ** *** ****. (*** ****** *** **** ******* 2(g) ********* *)

Dealing **** **** ******** **** ********

******** **-** ** *** **** ***** **** ******** ********* ****** to ***** *** ****,********* *** ******* ****** *** ******** **** ********* ***** **** *** *** right ** ******* **** **** **** ** ******* (“*** ***** ** ** *********”) ***** ******** **** ** ******** ** ********* **** ** charge. ***** ************ *********, ** **********, **** ** ******* *** give **** ******' ******** **** **** **** ****** **** **** requests, *** ******* ** ********* ***** ** * **** ******* that ********** ***** ****** ** ****.

***** *** **** ***** ** ***** *********, ***** *** ************** concerns **** *** ************ ******** **** ***** ****** **** ** impossible ** ****** **** ** ********.

*******, ***** ****** **** ********* ************** **** ***** ****** ***** in *** **** ** ***** ************, ******** *** ******, ***** of *** ******** *********** ** **** ********** *** ******* ** Information ******** *** **** ********** ******* ** ******* ** **** LLP. *** ***,*** **** ********** ** *** ******* ** *** ***** *** *** *** user “** *** ** * ******** ** ******** *** **** subject” ** ** *** ********* ** ******. ********* *** **** deny ** ****** **** *** ******** **** *** “********** ********* or *********.” *** ***** *** **** *** ********* ** ****** if *** **** *** ********* ** *** ****** ********, ********* likely ** ***** ** ***** ************ ** ****** ******. *** denial ** * ******* ** * **** ******* **** ** explained.

********* **** ******* ***** ** ******* ** **** ************ **** ********. ***** **** ***** ************ **** ** **** for **** **** * *****, **** ***** **** ******** *** video ************ **** **** ****** ** **********. *** *** ***** period ** **** * ********* ******** **** *** ***** *** exploit ** **** *********** ********. ********** **** * ******** *** be ***** ***** ** ***** ** *********** ** ********* *** spirit ** *** ****, *** **** *** *** ******* **** we **** ****** ** **** ****** **** **** ** ***** it.

Dealing **** ***** ******** / ***************

*** **** ******** ********* **** ********. ******** **** ** ******** if **** “**** * **** ** ** **********’* ****** *** freedoms." ** **** *** ****** ** ***** ******** *** ******** breached ** ***, *** **** **** ***** ** ** *****.

**** *********** **** ** ***** ** ****** ***** *******’* **** protection ********* ***** *** ****** *** ** *** ****** ******** affects ******* **** ********, ** **** ****** **** ** ****. However, ** *** **** ********** *** ********* ********** ******** ** place ** ******* *** **** ** ** ****** ****** ** materialize,** ** *** ********* ** ****** **** ******** ** *** risk ** ***** ******** ****. ** ********* ***** **** ******* ** * ****** ** logistically *********, *** **** **** ****** “* ****** ************* ** similar *******” ** ** ******.

**** ********** **** **** ****** **** ******** ** ***** **** controllers, ******** *** **** **** *** ******* * **** ***** in ***** *****.

** ** ******* *************** **** **** ******** **** ************** ***** ** ******** ** ***** ********** ** *** ****. The ****** *********** **** ***** ** **** *********** *** **********, and ** ** *** **** *** ** ************* (*** ** not ******** ****** *** ******** **** ** ****** ** *** EU) **** **** ***** ***** **********, ****** *** ***** *********, which ** ****** ********** **** **********.

*** **** *** ** ********** ******* ******* **** ******** **** be ******** ********* ** *********** *********** ** ***. ** *** very *****, **** *********** **** ****** ** ********* *** ****** to ******* ********* ** ** ******* ** *********** **********.

When ** *************/******* ******* ********?

*** ****’* ******* ** *********** “**************** *** **********” ** **** ** ****** **** **** protection ** “** ****** *** ** *******.” ******* ** ***** caveats, ** ***** *** **** **** ********** **** ******** ****. In ***** ************, **************** (*.*. *************) ***** **** ****** *********** ** ******** *** ***** ** **** ********.

*** **** **** *** ********** ***** **** ************* ** ********. However, ** ********* ** ******* **, *** **** ** *** GDPR ** **** “**** ******** **** ***** *** ********* *** each ******** ******* ** *** ********** *** *********”. **** ***** that ******** ******* ** *** ********, ******** ****** ** *** camera ****** *** ** ******** (*.*., ******** ******* ** *** background ** * *****) ** ****** ** **********.

What ********** ** ********?

*** **** ********* ********* ********** ********* “***** **** ****** *** ******** **** ************** ** *** person *** ** *** ********** ** ****** **.” *******, ** is ******* ******* **** **** ***** ** ***** ************. ** likely ******* ***** ****** ****** **** ***** ******** *******, **** as ******* *********, ******* **** ***, ***, ** ***** ************ access. **** ******** ******* **** *********** ***** *** ********** ********** ****** *** ********, *** **********.

Do * **** ** **** * **** ********** *******?

***** ** **** ******* **** ***** ******* ***** ********* *** data ** ****** ** *** ** **** **** ** **** a ****-**** **** ********** ******* ** ************* ****** *** *******’* data ******** *** ****-*********.

*** ** ********** *** ********** ** * *******’* “**** ********** ******* ********** ** ********* data ** * ***** ***** ** ******* ***** *****, ******* and ********** ********** ** ***********” ** ****** **** * ***. A *** ** *********, *** *******, *** “* ******** ******* responsible *** ********** ******** ******* *** ****** ******,” *** ** Commission ******.

** **** ***** ***** ****** **** *** ***** ***** ******* large ****** ****** **** **** ****. *******, ******* *** ** Commission *** *** **** ******* **** “***** *****” ******** *****. Additionally, **** *** ** ********** **** ***** ********* *** *** even ** * ***** ****** **** *** ****’* *** *****; they *** **** ****-**** ** ****.

Do **** **** ************* ** ***** **************?

******* ** *** **** ** ** ****** **** **** **** any **** ** ****** ************* ** *************.

*** **'* ******* ** ******* ***** (** ******** ** ******** body)********* **** ************ **** ** ******** *** ****** **** "**** ****** **** expertise ** ******** *** ******** **** ********** **** *** ********* and ** **-***** ************* ** *** ****. ** ** **** helpful ** *** *********** *********** ******* ******** *** ******* ******** for ****.” ** **** ***** **** "*** ******** ***** ** expertise [** * ***] ** *** ******** ******* *** ** must ** ************ **** *** ***********, ********** *** ****** ** data ** ************ *********."

** ***,*****’* **** ********** *********** *** ***** *** **** ** ******* ** ******* ********* *** ************* *********** ******** * ****-**** **** *** * ******* ****** ** work ********** (**, ** *** *** *** ** **** **********, at ***** *** ***** ** ********.)

Do * **** ** *** *********?

***** *** ****, *** **** ** ************* ******* *** ******** voluntary (******* **, ******* *). ********* **** ********** ********* *********** **** ** ***** ******** *** ********* ** **** ********* by ***** ***** ******* *************, *** **** ************** *** *** *********. ***** ************** *** carried *** ******* ** ******** ******* *** *** ** ********. Do *** ** ****** **** ******** *** **** ** ************* is ********* ** ** ********** **** *********, *** *** *****, integrators, ** *************.

Are ***** ********** ** *** ****?

******* ** ** *** ********** ** ****** ****** *** ***** ** ******** **** ** core **** **********, ********* *** ***** ** ** *********, *** right ** ****** *********** ******** ** * **** *******, *** the **** ** **** ******** *** *********** *********** ***** **** sort ** ********** ** ***** **. ***** ********** ******* ******** security, *******, ****** ********, ******* ***** *****, *** ***** **********.

** ** ******** **** ********** ** ****** ****** **** ** considered ** ********* ****** ********, ********* ************ ********* **** *********** burdens. *******, ** **** ** *** **** *** ** **** extent “****** ********” ******* ** ***** ************.

**** ** ***** **** ******* ** ** ****, *** *******, someone ******* **** ******* * **** ****** ******* **** *** bank ****** *** ***** ************ ******* ** *** ***** *** right ** ** *********, *** ** ********** ****** ******* *******-********* agencies ** ****** *** ***** ********** **** **** ** ***.

****

****** ****'* ** ******** **** ** ****.

Comments (70)

**** ** * **** **** ***** ********* ******* **** ****. There *** **** ** ********* ****** ** *** **** ******** by *** ******* ** **** *****. ******* **** ********* ***** to ** **** ** ******* *** ********. ***** **** ******* to ******* **** **** *** ****** ** ******* ********* ** this *****. ********* ***** ** ********** ****** *** *** ** deadline.

**** **** *******!

*´* **** ** *** * ******* ******:

************* *** ******* **** *********** ** ** *** *** **** of *** ******!
*** *** **** **** ** ***** ** *% / *% of *** ********* ***** ******** ** *** ********/*******.
(****** ** €** * / €** *)

** ** ******** ** **** *** ********* / ********** ***´* be ***** (** ***** *** ********).

*** *** ******** ******** ** *****-* ********* *** ******* ** system ****** *** ***********-*********** *************.
******* **** ************* *** *** **** *** **** *** **********/********* in ******* ** *** *** ************ ** **** ** ********* GDPR *********** ** ****** ****** ** *************.

** *******, ********** **** *******!

* ***** **** ** ***** ***, *******, *********** ******** ***** *** **** **** *********** *** **********. ** **'* not **** *** ***** (*.*. **** ***********) *** ***** **** themselves ******* ** **** *****; ************* ** *********** *** *** considered **** ********** ***** **** ** *****.

** *******, ***´** ********* *****,

*** ********* * ************ ** *** **** ** "****** ************" can´t ** **** *********** ** ******** ** ****.

*** *** ********** ** ********* ** *** **** ** "****** installer" ***´* ** ***** ** ******* ** ******** ** **** for ***************** ** * ******.

**** ** **** *** ************ ** ****** ************ ****** ********* like *.*. *****-*******, ** *** ** *****, ** *** ******* doesn´t ****** ** *** *****.

** ** **********, **** **** **** ** ***** ********** ******, may ** ***** ***** *** ******** *** **** ******** ********* to *** *******.

** ** ********* *** *** *** ******** ** **** * very ********* ************* ** ****** **** ******** ** ******** ** GDPR.
*** *** ******** ***** *** **** ** ** ***** *** any *******.

** **** *** ** ******** ** *** * ************ **** the ********* ** **********, ** *** ******** ******** * ***** (OR *************), **** ****** ************* ****´* ***** *** ************.

** ************* **** ******** ********* *** *** ********!

***, ***** *** *** **** ** *** **** *********.

**** *********** *****. *'** ********* * *** ***** ********** **** new **** ***. ***** ** *** *** ********* *** ********* level ** ***** ****** ** ** *** ********.

****** **** ** *** ** ****** ***** **** ******** ** actively ******** * *********** *********?

** ******, ****** *** **** *******. * ***** ****** ** the **** ******* ******* *********** ********** ** *** ****: ** hopes ** ****** ***** *** ****** ********** **** ****** ** comply ("******'* ******** **** ********** ***** *******")

*****'* **** ******** ***** ********, *** ******************* ******* **** *********** *** ******** ***** ********** ** *** GDPR ** ***** ******** **** *********** ** ****.

** ***,

******* ***** ********** (** ***********) ***** ** *** **** **:

• ******** ********;

• ******* (** ******** ;-)

• ****** ********

• *** **********, *************, ********* ** *********** ** ******** ******** or ******** ** ****** ** ********* ***********

***** **** **** ** ***** ** * ********* ** *** an *********.

***** *** *** ****! **** **** ***********

**** *** *** **** ********* * ******* *******

**** ** *** ****** ** *** ****** ******* **** ***** and *********

***** ****

***** ********

***** ********

****** *** ***** *** *** **** ********

********* ** ***** ** *** ******* **** *** ***** *****

** ****,

*** ** *****'* ****** **** *** ******* *********** ** *** GDPR ** *** ********. *******, **'* ***** *********** **** **** American ********* *** ***** ******** ** *** ****, ** *** legislation ****** *** ******* ***** ********* *** ******** **** ** EU ******** ********** ** ***** ** ** *****.

** ** **** ********* ***** *** *** *********** ********** *******, the **** **** *** ******* *** *** ** *** ******** technology ** *** ********. *******, ** ***** ******* ***** *** vulnerable ** * ******** **** ******, **** *** *** *** risk ** ******* ** ****** **** *** ****'* ********** ** breaches**** *** ** ******* **.** ***, **'* ******** * **** **** ** ******* **** systems.

**** ** * ******** ***** ** *** ********** ****** ** the ******** *********** ** *********.

***** *** ~**** ******* *********** ** *** **, *** ******* in ************* ******** *********** ***** ** ** ********* ** ****** and ** ****. **** ** ***** **** *** ******* *** really **** ** ****** ********** ** ******** ****** *********.

**** ** ****** ****** ** * ********* **** ******** ****** compliance, **** ** * ********* ***** **** ** *******. **** is **** ** *** ********** ** ***********. ****** **** ***** and **** **** ** *** *** ******* ******* *** ******* research.

** *********** (*** **********) **** ******* ** ******** * ****** and ***** *** ****** ********** **** ****** ** *** ******* of ****** ******* ************ *** *** ********** ******* *** ******** based ** **** ******* ******. ** **** ** ********* **** in *********** **** *** **** ********* **** ** ** ***** by *** ******* ********** *****://********.*****************.***/ ** ****** *** * ******** event ** ***. * **** **** ** ** * ***** at *** *********** ********** ** ****** ** **** ********** ******* 2.0 **** ***** ******* ** **** ****** **** **** *****. http://www.cvent.com/events/identiverse-2018/event-summary-4d21a5f6b479493fb0168947827a6a3f.aspx

********* ****** ** ***** ** *** ***** ******** **** ** a **** ******.

**** ********** ** * ************** (*** *********) ******* *** *****´* require *** ********* ********.

**** ** ***** ****** ***** ** **, ** ****** ** the **** ** ********** ******* ************* ******** (******** ********, ******* control, ********,...).

* ***’* ***** * ********* **** **** ****

******** ******* **** ***** **** ** *** ***** ********* **** many ** ***** ******* ******* *** *** **** ** *****

****** **** * ***** *** *********** ***** ******* *** ** push ** ********* *** ** ***** *** ** ***** *** for *********** **** ****** ***** ********* *** ***** ********* ***** are ********* ** *** ***** **** ******* *** **** ****

**** ******** ******** ** *** *** ***

***** ****** ** ********

** *** ******** ***** **** ** *** *** *******

** ****

*** *** ** ***** ****** *** ** **** ** ****** to **** *** ** *****.
** **** **** ** *** ********* ** *** ** ** set ** *** *** ************* *** ** *****.

* **** *** **** ******* ***** *** **** * *** of ******** **** (** **************, **** ************* ***** ** *** and ** **** *** ****** *** ****).

*** *** ***** ***** **** ** ***** ***** **** ** shared *** **** **** ********* ** ** ****** ** ******. Frankly, *'* ***** ***** **.

***** **** ** ** ** ********, ** ** ********** ****** attention, ********** ** ***** ** *** ******** *******. ** * non-EU ******* ******* ** *** *****, **** *********:

- **** * ******** ******* ******** ****** ** *** ****-******* standard? *** *******, **** ******* **** ***-*****/*****?

- ***** *** ***** ******** ** ****, **** ***** ** a ****************************** **** **** ********** ****** *** ** ******-*****?

- ***** ** ** *** *********** ****** ******* ******** ********* being ********* ** ***** ** *** ****. *** *** **** itself *** ********* **** *** ********* ** ***** * "****** standard" ** *****.“** **** ** *** *** ****** ********,” *ě** ******á, *** European ************ *** *******, **** ********. (*** "******'* *** **** ********** ***** ****** ******* ********* *********.")*** ******* *** **** ****** ***-** ********* ** ****** (** long ** ****'** ********** *** **** ** ** ********), ** effectively ******* **** ********** ********** ********* ** * ******* ****** too.

************, *** ************** ********* ** ******** **** ** * ***** ******* *** only **** ***** ** **** ******* ** ******* "** ******** level ** [****] **********." ** ***, *** ******** ********** ***************** ** ********* - ********* *** ** *** ****** - as ********* **** ********, *** *** ******** ***** ***** **** the ** ** **** ******* **** ***** ***** ** ******** data **********. **** *** *** ** ********* **** ***** ************* ******** **** ********** *********** ** **** ******* ******** *** GDPR ** ** ****** ** "******** ********" **** *** **.

- * ***** *** **** ****'* ***** ** *** ** the **** ************ *************** ** *** **** *** *****. ** based *** ************** ********* ** *** **** *** ** *********, rather **** *** ******** ** ***** *******.

*** ******* ***** ** ********** ******* ******* ********, ** ** still ** *****. *** ***** **** ** **** ** ***** with **** ** ******* ********** *** ***** ******* ********** ** which *** * ******* **** *** ** ** ***** ** the *****.

******* **********

**** ********** * ** ********* ** ***** ********** *******.

** * **** ********* ****** ****, *** ** * ****** plug, *** *** **** **** ** **** ** **** **** we *** ***** ** ***********.*** **** ********** * ** * Co-Founder

**** *** **** ** **** **** ** ***** *** ** particular *** ** ******* ********** ********* *** ****** ****** ******** across ********** *******,**** ******** ***********-**.* **** ************ ********

**** **********, * ** **** ********* *** ***** ******.

***** *** *** **** ***** *********** ******** **** **** *** into *** ******

****** *** *******.

******: ******* ******** **** ** ****** **** ********.

******** * **** ******, ** ** ** *** ***** *** is *** ***** ** ** *** ********* *** **** *********, to ** ********** **** *** ***** ******** ** ****** *** "service ********". **** ****, **** **** ****, ******* ** ** on * ******, * *** **** ** ****.

*** ** *** **** ******* ** *** ******** ***** ** this ***. * ********** ** ****** ********* ********** *** **** of ** ******** **** ****** ** *** ** ********** ** where *** ******* ** *****. **** ***** **** ** ** citizen ******* ******* *** ** ** ********** ** * ******* outside *** **? *** ********* ***** ******* **** **** ***** bound ** *** ***?

** ****, **** ********. *** **** ****** *****'* ******** **** any ******* ** ******** ** *********. ** **** *** **** it ****** *** ******* ***** ********* *** **** ** "**** *********** *** ** *** *****" (******* *.) ** **, ** *****'* **** **** * ******* ********** the ******** **** ** ** ******** ******* *** ** (******* expats ** ********) ***** ** ******* ** *** ****.

*******, ***** ** ******* * *****, ***-**-******* **** * ******* or ***** *** ** ** *** ** ** *** **** of *** ********** ** ********** * "**** *******" ********* ** the ****.

***** *** ******* * **** ** *******’* **** ****** ** gdpr

*** **** **** **** ** *********

** ***** ** ******** **** ** **** *** ****** ** their ********

*** ** ********** *** ****** * ****** ** ****** ** having "******** **** **********" *** *** ******** **** ** ** data ******** *** ** **** **.

"*** ******** ********** *** ** *** ********** *******, *********, ****** (commercial *************), ***** *******, ********, ******, **** ** ***, ******, New *******, ***********, ******* *** *** ** (******* ** ********** ****** *********) ** ********* ******** **********. ******** ***** *** ******* **** Japan *** ***** *****," ("******** ** *** ********** ** ******** **** ** ***-** *********")

* ****** ***** ***** ***** ** ********** ** **** ******** data **********. *******, **** ******'* *********** ****** ******* ********. ********, these *********** **** ***** *** ******** ** ******** ****. ******* it's **** ** ***** ** ***, * ***** ****** ** only ******** ** **** ** **'* ************ *** ******** **** of ** **** ******** ******** ** ******* ** ******* ******* not ** *** **'* ****.

** *** **** ** ***** *** *******

****** ** ***** *********

****** ***** **** ******* *** ** ******* ** ******* ** china

***** **** **** ****** ***

**** *** *** ****** ***** *** **********. ** **** *** store ** ******* *** ****. ** ********* **** **** * DDNS ***** ** *** *** ***.

**** *****, **'* *** ********* ** *** *** *** ****** to *** *** ****** ** ********.

** *** ** *******

**

**** ***** ** ***** *** ** ***

***** ** ***’* ***** ****** ******* *** ******

*** ****** ** ***** ** **** *** ************ ** *********

*** **** **** ****** ** **’* ***** ******* ** ** it *** **** **** *** **

**** *** *** ** ******* ******’* **** **** **** ***** previously

******* **** **** **** *** ****

**** *** ***** ********* *** ******** ** ********** ** **** is

*****

**** ******* '**********' ** ******* *** "********** *** ******** *** means ** *** ********** ** ******** ****.."

**** **** ******* '*********’ ** ******* *** ********* ******** **** on ****** ** *** **********"

**** **** ******* ********** '**********' ** *** *** ****, *** 'processor' ** *********** ** ***** ******* *********. ****** ****** *** not ********.

*** *** ****** ****** *** **** ** ******** ********, *** may ********* '**********' ** *** ****** ***** ******* ****** ***** designed *** ******, ********* "********** *** ******** *** ***** ** processing ** ******** ****..." ***** *** ******* *** ********** ***** services *** ******* ********* **** **********, *** *** **** ********* camera ***** ** * '*********'.

** *** ***** **************, ****** ****** *** **** '**********' *** 'processor'.

* ***** ** ******** *** *** ********, ****** ** ********** references, ** *** *********** ** *** ***** **************.

** *****,

*********** ******. *******, **** ***** *** **** **********, * ***'* think ****** ****** ***** ***** ** **** ***********. ***********"********* *** ******** *** ***** ** ************ ******** ****" ; ***** ************* ********* ** *** **** *** ******* over *** ******** ******** **** ******** ** * ******, **** can't ** **** *********** ** **** ********. ****, **** *********** have * *** ** ************** ***** *** ****. ** ************* like ********* **** ********** **** *********** ** ***** ****** *********-**** camera ** *** **, *** ********** ********** ***** ** *******/********** to ******.

*******, **'* *** **** ************* ****'* ******** ** *** ****. They *** ****** ** **** ********** ** **** ********** **** it ***** ** ***** *********, *** *******. *** *** ************ (or *** ***** ********) **** ********* ** *** ** ** considered *** "**** **********" ** ***** *********' ******** ****.

**** **** *****.

*******,

* ****** ** ************* *** *** ******** **** **** **** 'P2P' ** ***** ********** ********. ***** *** *** **** ***** / ***** ******* *** *** '*****' **** ******* ** *** devices (*.*.,********* ***** ******* (***** / **********) ******). *** *** ** * ************'* ******* **** ** ********* to ***** ******** *** ** ********** ********** **** **. ****'* the *********** ** ****** ** **** ***** *** ****?

**** ** **** *** ****** ***** *******. ** **** ****** their *********. *** *** **** ****** ** ***** *** **** or *** ***-***** *****.

** ****** ** ***/*** ****** *** **** ****** ** ****, how *** *** ** *** *** *** *** ** ** determines *** **********.

*** **** ***** ******** ** **** ****** ** ******* * Chinese ***** ******* ********** **** ***** *****, ** *** *** yet.

*** ********** * ***** ** ********* ***

******* ****** ** ******** *********

***** ******* **** * ***** ***

**** **** ***

**** ** ****

*** ****

**** ** ***** ***** *** ***** ****** ****

***** ** **** * ********* ** **** *****

*** *** ******* *** **** *** **** ** ****?
***** **** **** **** ***** **** *** ***** *** ****** that **** ********* *** ***** ** **** *** ******.

**** '*****' ** **** **** *** *****/*****, *****/***** *** *****.
* *** ** ****** *** ** ************ ***** * *****.

***** *** ****** ******* **************, ****** * **** ******** ** VMS *** ** *** **. **'* ***** *** ****** ******* but *** **** ** **********, ******** * ** *** ****** the ******** *** ***** ***** *** ****.

* *** ** ********** *** ****** **** *** **** ** most ** ***** ********* ** *** ****. *'* **** *** end **** ** ***** ** *** **** ****** :).

** **** **** ******* ***** ***

*****

****** *****

*** ***** * ***** ** ** ** *** *** * dvr **** **** **** ** ********* ********* ** * ************ system

** ***** ****** ** **** ****** *******

***

********** *******

** ******* ** *** ******** ****** ****** *** ******** ** margins **********

**** ********* *** ** ** ****

** * ***

***** **** *** *** ** *** ****** ****

** ***

****,

** *** ******* **** ***** ****** ** ***/**** **** ** have ***** *******? ** ** ** ********** *** *** ******** to ** **** **** **** *** ***** ** ***** ********?

** ********** ******* ******* - ******* *’** **** ** *** has **** ******** ** ****** (**). *** * **** ** we **** ** ***** **** ******* *********** **** *** *********..

**********:

**** ******* ********** ****** **** *** **** ********* "*** ********* processing *** ******** **** ** ** ********". *******, *** **** makes ** ******* ** ** ********, ******* ******* **** ** applies ** "**** ******** *** *** ** *** *****" (*********** *****, ******* *.) **** ***** *** **** ******** ****** *** ** ** the **, ********** ** ***** ***********. ** ****** *** *****.

"** *** *****" ** *** * *** ******** ** **** means ********** *** **** ******* *********** ********** ** ********.

****** *** *** ******* *********. * ***** ***'** ***** ** the ***** **** *** **** ***** ******** **** ******** *** go ******* *** ** ** **** *****; **** ******* ** whether *** ********** **** ***** **** **** **** ** *** EU. *** *******, ** * ******* ******** ** ***** * was ****** ** ***** *** * ************ ***** ** *****, GDPR *********** ***** ***** ***** ******* *** ********** **** ***** in *** **.

*******, ** ***** **** *** **** ***** ** **** ********** in ***** *********, ** ** *** ******* ** ******* ******* in *** ** *** *** ********* **** **** (** **** as ***** *****) *****. ** *** ***, * ******* ** by ***... * ********** **** ******** ****, ** * ********* you *** **** ** ***** *** **** ** *** ***** at ***********.***

***********, ****** ***. *'** **** **** ************** ********* ** ****:"********* ** ****** **** ** ********: **** *** **** **** GDPR *********** ** ****?"

*******, *** **** ****** ***** ******** ** ******** (** *********) and **** ** **** ******* ** "**** ******** *** *** ** *** *****" ********* *.

******* **** ***** ***** ** ** ******** ******* *** ** isn't ***** *** * ***** **'** **** ** **** *** implementation *** **** *******.

**** ***** ** ** ** *** **** *** (** **********).

** ** *** ** *** ************ ************...


*******,

* *** * ******* **** **** **** *********** ***********, ** PwC (******, ******** ** ***, ******* ******** *** ***** ******* services *** ***) *** ** ********* **** **** *****. * can **** *** **** **** *********. *** **** ******* ** the ******** *********** ** *** ** **** ******** (************* ** discussions ** ************, *******, *******, ***.) ******. ** **** ** a **** *****, ****** ********* *** ** **** ***** ******** information ** ********.

*** ***'* **** ** **** *** ******* ** **** ***** there *** ***************, ** *** ***** ** *****. *** **** is **** *** *** **** ** *** *** ** *** extension ****** *** **********.

*********,

***

*** **** ******* ** *** ******** *********** ** *** ** data ******** (************* ** *********** ** ************, *******, *******, ***.)

***, *** ** **** * ******** ** * *** ****** understand **** *** *** ******.

* ****** ******* **** ** ******, ****** * ********'* **** has ************ *******.

********: *** *** / *********** ****** **** **** ******* ** the ****** ******* ******* ** * ****** ********'*?

***...

***, * ** ********* ****** ** **********. *** *** *********/*******?

** ** ******* ** *** **** ****, ***** *** *** short *** ****. **** ** *** * *** *** *** these ********* **** **** *** ***** *** **** ****.

*** *** * ** ******* ** ****, ** *** *** going ** **** ******** ** **** ** ***** ** ******** address *** *******, ***** *** ***** ***** *** **** ******** as *** ~ *** **, "* ****** *******'* *** ** the ****** **** ** ** ********* ** * ****** **********".

*** ****** ** *** ************ ******** ***** ** ** ***** in ***** ** ******** ******* **** ***********.

**** *** *********** ** ***** * ******* ** (**) ********* starting **** **** ** ******* **** ** **** ****** *******, this ** *** ***** *** ** ***** *** **** ** take. ** **** ** * **** ******* ** *** **** and **** ***** **** ******* **** ******** *****.

* ****'* **** ** *** **** ***** *** '***' ** in *** ** '***' ** ******* **********...

*** ** *** ******* *******. * ** * ****** ******* in * ********* ***** ***** ** *** ******'* ******** ** China ***** **** *** ***** ****** ***********. **** **** **** that ** *** ******* ** * *** *****-***** *********** ****** the ***? * *** *** **** ***** **** ****** ** yes *** * ** ********* **** **** *** ** **** be ******** (****** **********, ***** **** **************, *** ** *** fine ***** ********* **** ** ******** *** **** *****).

** *** *** ***** ** **** ******** ** **** ** needs ** ******** *******

***, *** ** **** **** ****. *** **** ****** * series ** ******** ********* **** ********** ********* *** *** **** to *** **** *** ******** ********** **** **** ***** ************** here. *** ***:

* *** * ******* **** **** **** *********** ***********, ** PwC (******, ******** ** ***, ******* ******** *** ***** ******* services *** ***) *** ** ********* **** **** *****. * can **** *** **** **** *********.

*** *** ***** **** *********? ********** **** ******* ******* *** not ****** *** **** ********** ********* ** ******* **** ********?

*** *** *** ******* *******.. ** ** ****** *** ** the ********* *** *** ******* *****.

*** *** ********** ** ***** ** ***** ******, **** ** a **** ********** *****.

***** *** *** ** ******* ***** ******** * ** ******* that *********** ** * ****** ***** *********, **** ** *** I ******* ** ** ** *** ******** ****, ** ******* to ** ******* *****. ** *** *********** ** **** ***** and ***** ****** ** ** ** **** ********.

** ****** ***** "*** ********* ********** **** ** ** ********", this *** **** *********** ** ***** *** ** *** ***** you *** ******.

****** *** *** ******** ****.

********* ******* - *** *** **** ******* *** ********* **** to ** ** **** *********, *** *** *********** *****'* **** to ** ** *** **** ***** **********. *** ********** **** the ***** ******* ******* ** ***** **** ******* *********** *** be *****, **** ** * ******* ****** *** *** **** controller/DPO ** ******* *******.

**** *** * ******** * ************ ***** ** * **** foundation ****** **** *********.

** ********* ****** *** ******* **** **** ******* ****** ******* contact ******* *** ******* *********** ***all the system's intended usage on the signs, as a minimum, and these should be placed at all entry points to the establishment/estate etc. Typically, any signage that currently meets DPA 1998 and best practice guidance would meet GDPR - our experience is that in practice (at least in the UK) many systems fail to provide signage to meet the current requirements let alone GDPR.

** ** ******* ** *** ****** ** **** **** ****** news.

****** *********** ******* *** ****

******** ******* ******* *** ****** *********** ** ****** *** **

******** ** ****** *********** *** *****.

****** ******...

***, *** ** **** ** ******* ** ****'* ******? *** article ********** ***** ************* ********** ******* *** (***** *** ******* ** ***** *** in ****).

* ********* ***** **** ****** *********** ****** ******* *********** ******** but ******** *** *** **** *** **** ****. *** *******, Nest *** * ****** *********** ******* *** ******** ** ** Illinois *** **** **** ******.

****** *** ***** *****. * ********* **** *****. ***** *** Illinois **** ** ** ******* ** * ********** *****'* ************ I ***** ** ***** ** *** *** **** *** **** Facebook's ******** *****. **** * ***'* **** ** ***** *** a ****** *** ****** **** * ******* ******. **** ** a ********** ******* ** *** ***** *** **** ******** ****** that *** ****** ****** ***** ***** ** *** ** ***** and *** **** ** * **** ********* ***** **** ******** compliant ******.

** ***,

*'** **** ***** ** ******* **** ******** *** * ***** of ***-**** ******** ******** ** * ********** ** ****** ** a *** *****. ** *** * *********** ** ** **********-***** integrated ****** ******* *** ***** ****** **** ** **** *** over *** ***** (*** ************ ** ******).

*'** **** *** ****** *********** ********** **** *** *** ************ and *** **** ****** ** ********** ***** ** **. *** what * ***'* ***** ********** ** *** ******** ********** ****** control *** ***** ******* **** ** ******** ** *** **** rules.

** *** **** *** ******* ** *** ******** ******* ** access ******* *** ****** ** ****?

*** ******** ***** ** ***********

*****,

****'* * **** **** ********. ** **** ***** ************, *** GDPR ***** ** ******* ** ****** *******; *******, *** **** of **** ********* *** ****** ******* ******** ***** **** ***** the ******** **** **** *** **** *********, ***** ** ** "information ******** ** ** ********** ** ************ ******* ******". **** of *** ****** ********** ** *** ***** ************ ***** ***** apply ** ****** *******. ****'* * ***** ******* ** * few **** ******:

Data *******: while there's no defined limitations on storage, ******* ****** ** ***** **** **** ****** *** ** ****** *** "longer **** ** ********* *** *** ******** *** ***** *** personal **** *** *********". ** ****** *******, **** ***** **** having ***** ******** ***** ******* *** ****** **** **'* *** kept ****** **** ** ************ ****** *** *** ***** **'* for “****** ********, **********, ** ********** ******** ********”.

Consent *** ************: access control is an industry where processing is based more on consent than video surveillance. In such industries, the GDPR mandates that clear consent be given (******* *), ** **** **** ********* ** ******** ******* **** ** access ******* ******** *** **** ***** ******* ** ***. *** consent **** ** ****-******** ** ****, ** *** ********** ** Article ** **** ** ****** ****** ** ***** ** **** subjects ** *****, ***** ********.

Right ** ** *********/**** ********: same as video surveillance - make sure there are mechanisms for people entered into the access control database to be able to request and remove their data.

********:** *** ***** ************, ******** ** ******** **** **** ** reported ** *********** *** *********** **** ******** **********.

**********:***** ********** *** ********* ********** ********* *, **** *** ******* ** "*** **** ******* *** ***** explicit ******* ** *** ********** ** ***** ******** **** *** one ** **** ********* ********". **** ***** ********** ***** ** allowed *** ****** ******* ********, *** **** ** ******** ******* is *****, *********** *** ********* *** ***** ** ******* ** here.

*****:***** **'* ***** ***** **** ***** *** ******** *** *****-***** video ********** ** ********-********** ******, **'* *** ***** *** ** it's ******** ** ****** *******. ** ***** ** ******** ** the ****** ******* **** ** ***** ********* ****:******* ******** **** ***** *** ******** ** ***** ** "********** ** a ***** ***** ** ******* ********** ** **** [*.*. **********]". However, ******* *** **** *****'* ****** "***** *****" ** **** yet ** *** *** ** ********* **** ***** ***** **** requirements ** ******** *** ******* **** ***** ***** ** ****** control ** ***.

***** ** * *** ** **** *** ** ****** ******* requirements. *** ******* ***** *** ***** ***** *** *** ** physical ****** ******* ** ******* ******** *** *********** ******** ******* special *************, ** ** **** ****** ** ******* ******* **** the ******** ******** ************** ********. ***** ***** *** **** ******, as *** **** ********* ****, ******* ******* *******.

**** ** *** ******** ******** **** *** ***:

*** ********** ** ******** **** ** *** ****** ******** ********* and ************* *** *** ******** ** ******** ******* *** *********** security, *.*. *** ******* ** * ******* ** ** *********** system ** ******, ** * ***** ***** ** **********, ********** events ** ******** ** ********* ******* **** ********** *** ************, authenticity, ********* *** *************** ** ****** ** *********** ******** ****, and *** ******** ** *** ******* ******** ******* **, ** accessible ***, ***** ******** *** *******, ** ****** ***********, ** computer ********* ******** ***** (*****), ******** ******** ******** ******** ***** (CSIRTs), ** ********* ** ********** ************** ******** *** ******** *** by ********* ** ******** ************ *** ********, *********** * ********** interest ** *** **** ********** *********. **** *****, *** *******, include ********** ************ ****** ** ********** ************** ******** *** ********* code ************ *** ******** ‘****** ** *******’ ******* *** ****** to ******** *** ********** ************* *******.

*****-*** *** **** ***** *********

**** *******, *** *** * ******* ************ ** ** ****** place **** "***********"...

** ** *****, **** **** *** **** **** *** ***'* have ** ****** ** **** ** *** ***'* **********, ** that ***** **** ***'* *****. * *** ****** ******** *** that ******** ******** *** **** ********* *** *****. *** **** here ** ** ******* ** ********** *** *******. *** **** would ** **** *** *** ****** ****** ********* ** ***** justifications *** **********. *** ** **** ** ***** ***** ******* kicks **, ** ****** ** ******** ******. ***** ******* ******* as **** *** ******* ** *** *** ** ***** ***** are ******** ******** **** ** *** *** ********** *****.

*******,

*****-*** **** ****, **** ** **** ***********.

** ***** ** ***, *** ******* ******** ** **** ************ and ******* ********** ** * **** *** ****, ***** **** most ** *** ******* ****** **********. ************* ******* ** ****** is ******** *** ******** *** *****. *** **** **** **** are **** ************* ** ********* ******** *****.

**** ** *** **** ******** ***** *****. ** **** ****, as ** *** **** **** *** *** **** *********; **** are **** *** **** ********** *** **** ** ****** *** purpose *** **** * ****** ** ******* ****. ***** *** also * ****** ** ***** ****** **** **** ** **** place ********* ** *** ******* ********. *** **** ********* ***** to ********, *** ******* ** *** ** (***** ** ***** part ** *** **) **** ***** ***(**** ** ******** *** * *** *********** ** **** **** to *** **** ********** *** ** ****). *** *********** **** should *****, ** *** *******, **** *** *********** ** ***** ********* ******* *** *********** *** *** ******* ** ********.

**** ****** **** * ******** ********* *** **** ** **** privacy ******, ** ***** ** **** ** ****** ******* (*** seem **** ** ******** *** ** ** **** * **** important *******) *** ****, *****, ********* ** ******* *** **** a ****** ** ***** *********** ****** ******, **** (**** *******) control *** ***** *****. ***** ****** ** * ******* *** increasingly ********* *****.

**** ********* ********, ***** *** ** ***** ************, **** ** my **** **** *** *** **** *** ********* ** *** US. *'* ****** **** ** * ***'* **** *** *'* going ** ****** ** ************ *** ** **** ** ******* a ****** *** *** ** ** * ******** ******** *** cyberspace ** *** **** ***** ** ****.

*. ***** ******** ********.

*. ******* *** **** **** ********* *** ****** *** ********.

*. ***** ******* ** ***** ***** ************.

*. **** ****** ** ******** *********.

* **** **** ******* **** * *** ** *****, *** I *** ****** ** ********** *** ******** ** ** ***** more.

******, **** ** ***** *****. **** **** ** **** **** the **** **** ******* ** ** ********* ** ********** ** persons ********** ** *** **. *** ***'* **** ** ****** with *** **** ** **** ******** ******** **** ******* ***** of * ******* ******* ******* ******* * ******** **** ** NYC *** *******.

********** ******** *** *** ***** **** ** ** * *** further *** ******* ***** **** *** **** ********** **** ******** by *** ** ********** *** ***** ************ ************.**** ********** ******** ********* ***** *** **** ** ******** *** ***** *******, drones *** **** *******.

****** *** *** ********, * **** ********** ** *** **** at **** **********! **** ** ***** ** ******** *** *******, we ****** **** *** **** **** ** *** **** *** of *** ******* ** ***** *****.

**** ** *** ****, *** **** ** **** **** ***** https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/surveillance-camera-code-of-practice-self-assessment-tool

Login to read this IPVM report.
Why do I need to log in?
IPVM conducts unique testing and research funded by member's payments enabling us to offer the most independent, accurate and in-depth information.

Related Reports

AI Startup Anyvision Raises $28 Million Led By Bosch on Jul 20, 2018
Anyvision is the most ambitious heavy-spending video surveillance startup in many years. And, now, the startup has raised $28 million led by...
Fail: Dahua "Didn't Check The Lux Levels but It Was Dark" on Jul 20, 2018
Dahua UK has been promoting their camera quality on LinkedIn: I, and others, asked what the lux level of the scene was. (background: Lux Rating...
Improved Security And Surveillance Bidding - 2018 MasterFormat Divisions Examined) on Jul 19, 2018
Navigating the world of system specifications and bidding work can be complex and confusing, but a standard format exists, and understanding it...
Directory of Video Surveillance Startups on Jul 18, 2018
This directory provides a list of video surveillance startups to help you see and research what companies are new or not yet broadly known entity...
FST Fails on Jul 17, 2018
FST was one of the hottest startups of the decade, selected as the best new product at ISC West 2011 and backed with tens of millions in...
Axis ~$100 Camera Tested on Jul 17, 2018
Axis has released their lowest cost camera ever, the Companion Eye Mini L, setting their sights on a market dominated by Hikvision and Dahua. Can...
Amazon Ring Alarm System Tested on Jul 16, 2018
Amazon Ring is going to hurt traditional dealers, and especially ADT, new IPVM test results of Ring's Alarm system underscore. IPVM found that...
Hikvision Wins Chinese Government Forced Facial Recognition Project Across 967 Mosques on Jul 16, 2018
Hikvision has won a Chinese government tender which requires that facial recognition cameras be set up at the entrance of every single mosque...
Installing Dome Cameras Indoors Guide on Jul 16, 2018
IPVM is producing the definitive series on installing surveillance cameras. This entry covers one of the most common scenarios - installing dome...
Last Chance - July 2018 IP Networking Course on Jul 12, 2018
Registration ends today, Thursday. Register now. This is the only networking course designed specifically for video surveillance...

Most Recent Industry Reports

AI Startup Anyvision Raises $28 Million Led By Bosch on Jul 20, 2018
Anyvision is the most ambitious heavy-spending video surveillance startup in many years. And, now, the startup has raised $28 million led by...
Fail: Dahua "Didn't Check The Lux Levels but It Was Dark" on Jul 20, 2018
Dahua UK has been promoting their camera quality on LinkedIn: I, and others, asked what the lux level of the scene was. (background: Lux Rating...
Free 100+ Manufacturer-Customized Camera Calculator Released on Jul 19, 2018
Now, any manufacturer has a customized IPVM Camera Calculator, free. The goal is to make it easier for companies to help their customers better...
Improved Security And Surveillance Bidding - 2018 MasterFormat Divisions Examined) on Jul 19, 2018
Navigating the world of system specifications and bidding work can be complex and confusing, but a standard format exists, and understanding it...
Last Chance - Security Sales Course Summer 2018 on Jul 19, 2018
Today is the last day to register. Based on member's interest, IPVM is offering a security sales course this summer. Register Now - IPVM Security...
Directory of Video Surveillance Startups on Jul 18, 2018
This directory provides a list of video surveillance startups to help you see and research what companies are new or not yet broadly known entity...
Ladder Lockdown and Ladder Levelizer Tested on Jul 18, 2018
Ladders are a daily necessity for surveillance and security installers, but working on an unstable surface can be extremely dangerous. In addition...
FST Fails on Jul 17, 2018
FST was one of the hottest startups of the decade, selected as the best new product at ISC West 2011 and backed with tens of millions in...
Axis ~$100 Camera Tested on Jul 17, 2018
Axis has released their lowest cost camera ever, the Companion Eye Mini L, setting their sights on a market dominated by Hikvision and Dahua. Can...
Amazon Ring Alarm System Tested on Jul 16, 2018
Amazon Ring is going to hurt traditional dealers, and especially ADT, new IPVM test results of Ring's Alarm system underscore. IPVM found that...

The world's leading video surveillance information source, IPVM provides the best reporting, testing and training for 10,000+ members globally. Dedicated to independent and objective information, we uniquely refuse any and all advertisements, sponsorship and consulting from manufacturers.

About | FAQ | Contact