GDPR For Video Surveillance Guide

Author: Charles Rollet, Published on Apr 12, 2018

The European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) comes into force on May 25, but there is much confusion and no clear guidelines on exactly how these new regulations will impact the video surveillance industry.

We have compiled the following guide, based on our own research into the primary sources for the regulation as well as numerous discussions, covering the following:

  • GDPR basics
  • Surveillance industry concerns
  • New regulations / no legal precedent
  • GDPR terms defined
  • Public signage requirements
  • Design concerns
  • Impact on recording video
  • Usage of biometrics / facial recognition / gender / age recognition
  • Dealing with data requests from people
  • Dealing with cybersecurity / vulnerabilities
  • Who has 'exceptions' to the GDPR
  • Do I need to get certified?
  • Do I need to hire a Data Protection Officer?
  • Do DPOs need a certification or some sort of qualification?

When finishing this guide, you should be able to answer our 10 question quiz on GDPR.

GDPR Basics And Industry Concerns

The GDPR regulates all companies processing the personal data of people in the EU, regardless of where the company might be based. Because video footage of someone is considered their data, the video surveillance industry is directly impacted by the GDPR.

The GDPR gives data subjects in the EU significant new rights to access and remove their data while imposing restrictions on how this data can be collected. But the GDPR itself makes no mention of how it applies to video surveillance and threatens tough penalties on misconduct.

Surveillance Industry Concerns

That has led to a significant amount of uncertainty and fear for video surveillance, an industry where unprepared companies could find themselves subject to big fines. GDPR provisions like the right of people to request their data be removed or the need to obtain consent from data subjects also raise significant logistical hurdles in video surveillance, especially in areas like Artificial Intelligence / AI / Deep Learning where attempts are made at categorizing people by face, age, gender and ethnicity.

Warning - Regulations New / Imprecise / No Legal Precedent

Before reading this guide, you should be aware of the following factors:

  1. GDPR regulations are imprecise and can be interpreted in a number of ways. Most importantly, the GDPR makes no explicit mention of video surveillance, so we have yet to see exactly how GDPR regulations will be applied to the security industry.
  2. The GDPR only goes into effect on May 25th, so there are no legal precedents we can refer to in order to interpret its regulations.
  3. Despite 1 and 2, manufacturers, consultants, and many others often claim to provide fully accurate insights GDPR compliance, something which can require paying them substantial fees. Taking their advice at face value may present risks, so we have compiled our guide using primary EU documents to the fullest extent possible rather than the opinions of third parties.

*********** *****’* ******* **** ********** ********** (****)***** **** ***** ** *** **, *** ***** ** **** confusion *** ** ***** ********** ** ******* *** ***** *** regulations **** ****** *** ***** ************ ********.

** **** ******** *** ********* *****, ***** ** *** *** research **** *** ******* ******* *** *** ********** ** **** as ******** ***********, ******** *** *********:

  • **** ******
  • ************ ******** ********
  • *** *********** / ** ***** *********
  • **** ***** *******
  • ****** ******* ************
  • ****** ********
  • ****** ** ********* *****
  • ***** ** ********** / ****** *********** / ****** / *** recognition
  • ******* **** **** ******** **** ******
  • ******* **** ************* / ***************
  • *** *** '**********' ** *** ****
  • ** * **** ** *** *********?
  • ** * **** ** **** * **** ********** *******?
  • ** **** **** * ************* ** **** **** ** *************?

**** ********* **** *****, *** ****** ** **** ******** *** ** ******** **** ** ****.

GDPR ****** *** ******** ********

*** **** ********* *** ********* ********** *** ******** **** ** people ** *** **, ********** ** ***** *** ******* ***** be *****. ******* ***** ******* ** ******* ** ********** ***** data, *** ***** ************ ******** ** ******** ******** ** *** GDPR.

*** **** ***** **** ******** ** *** ** *********** *** rights ** ****** *** ****** ***** **** ***** ******** ************ on *** **** **** *** ** *********. *** *** **** itself ***** ** ******* ** *** ** ******* ** ***** surveillance *** ********* ***** ********* ** **********.

Surveillance ******** ********

**** *** *** ** * *********** ****** ** *********** *** fear *** ***** ************, ** ******** ***** ********** ************** **** ********** ******* ** *** *****. **** ********** **** *** ***** ** ****** ** ******* their **** ** ******* ** *** **** ** ****** ******* from **** ******** **** ***** *********** ********** ******* ** ***** surveillance, ********** ** ***** **** ********** ************ / ** / Deep ******** ***** ******** *** **** ** ************ ****** ** face, ***, ****** *** *********.

Warning - *********** *** / ********* / ** ***** *********

****** ******* **** *****, *** ****** ** ***** ** *** following *******:

  1. **** *********** *** ********* *** *** ** *********** ** * number ** ****. **** ***********, *** **** ***** ** ******** mention ** ***** ************, ** ** **** *** ** *** exactly *** **** *********** **** ** ******* ** *** ******** industry.
  2. *** **** **** **** **** ****** ** *** ****, ** there *** ** ***** ********** ** *** ***** ** ** order ** ********* *** ***********.
  3. ******* * *** *, *************, ***********, *** **** ****** ***** claim ** ******* ***** ******** ******** **** **********, ********* ***** can ******* ****** **** *********** ****. ****** ***** ****** ** face ***** *** ******* *****, ** ** **** ******** *** guide ***** ******* ** ********* ** *** ******* ****** ******** rather **** *** ******** ** ***** *******.

[***************]

GDPR *****

*****, ** *** * ****** **** ** *** *** **** affects ***** ************, **** *** **** *** **** *****, ********* in **** ****** *****:

  • **** ***********
  • **** **********
  • **** ********
  • ********* ****

Data *********** - ***** ************ *** *****

**** *********** *** *** ********* **** ******** ******** ** *** GDPR; **** ** *** ****’* ********** ****** ***** ** **** controllers. *** **** ** * **** **********?********* ** *** ****, **** “********* *** ******** *** ***** ** *** ********** of ******** ****.” ** *** ***** ************ *******, **** *********** are *** *****: * ******** **** ******** **** * ******** camera ******, *** *******, ** *** ********** ** *** ***** surveillance **** ** ********. (****: ********* **** **** ******** **** on ***** ********* *** **** ********** **** *********** ** **** specific **** ***, ** **** ** *** *** ********* *** “data ***********” ** **** ****** *******.)

Data ********** - ***** / *****, ******** ***********

**** ********** *** *** ********* **** ******* ******** **** ** behalf ** **** ***********. ** ***** ************, ***** ********* ******* personal **** ** ****** ** ** *** **** *** ****** to ** ********** **** **********. *********** ** ************* ***** **** be ********** **** ********** ** **** ******** ****** ***** ********* data ** ****** ** *** *** ****. *** *******, ** an ********** ******** ** *** ****’* ***** ********* **** *** maintenance ********, *** ********** *** ** ********** * **** ********* under *** ****.

Data ******** - ******

***** *** *** ****** ***** ******** ** ******. *** **** creates * **** ** *** ****** *** **** ********.

Biometric **** *******

*** ********** ***** “******** [**********] * ******* ******”. ***** ********* techniques **** ****** ** *** *********** **** ***** **** ********.

Surveillance ****** / ********** **************

*****, ** ******* *** ****'* ****** ****** ** ***** *** areas:

  • ****** *******
  • **** ********** ****** ***********
  • ******* *********
  • *** ** ********* **** (****/******/***)
  • **** ********
  • ***** ********/************* *********
  • *************/******* *******
  • ********** ************

Public ******* **** *********

******* *** **** ******************* ** ******* ************* ************ ********** ****** ********** *******, ** ** **** ********* **** **** *** ************ ********* to ****** *** ****** ** **** *** ********* ***** ** them. **** *** ** **** **** * **** ******* ****** that **** *** ***** ******* ** ******* **** *** ******** contact *********** ** **** ******** *** ****** **.

***** *********** *** ******** **** *** ***** ** *** **** least *** ** ***** ********** **** ***** ************ ** ****** place,** ******* ***** **** ******** **** ******* *** **** *** ********* ******* should **** ** ******** (“*********** ** ** ******** ***** ******** data *** ********* **** *** **** *******”):

  • *** ******** *** ******* ******* ** *** **** **********
  • “*** ******** ** *** ********** *** ***** *** ******** **** are ******** ** **** ** *** ***** ***** *** *** processing”
  • “*** ****** *** ***** *** ******** **** **** ** ******, or ** **** ** *** ********, *** ******** **** ** determine **** ******”
  • ********* **** ******** ** ***** “***** ** ***** * ********* with * *********** *********”
  • *** ********* ** *** ***** ** ******* ******, *************, *** removal ** *** ****

***, ** **********, **** *****:

  • *** ******* ******* ** ***, ** *** **** ***
  • ** *** **** **** ** *********** ** ******* *******, *** relevant ********** ** *****
  • ********** ** *** ******** **** (** ***** **** *** *** user)
  • “*** ********* ** ********* ********-******, ********* *********... ***, ** ***** in ***** *****, ********** *********** ***** *** ***** ********, ** well ** *** ************ *** *** ********* ************ ** **** processing *** *** **** *******.” (**** ***** ****** ***** ** things **** ****** *********** ** ***** ********* **********)

*** ***** ****** **** ****** *** **** ** *** ******* visible *** ** ******* *******.

Additional ****** *********** / **** ********** ****** **********

*** **** ******* *** ****** ************ ** ****. ** *** case ** “********** ********** ** * ******** ********** **** ** a ***** *****,”******* ** ** *** ************ **** * “**** ********** ****** **********” (****) ** ** conducted ****** *** ****** ** *********, *********:

  • “* ********** *********** ** *** ********* ********** ********** *** *** purposes ** *** **********, *********, ***** **********, *** ********** ******** pursued ** *** **********”
  • “** ********** ** *** ********* *** *************** ** *** ********** operations ** ******** ** *** ********”
  • “** ********** ** *** ***** ** *** ****** *** ******** of **** ********”
  • “*** ******** ********* ** ******* *** *****, ********* **********, ******** measures *** ********** ** ****** *** ********** ** ******** **** and ** *********** ********** **** **** ********** ****** **** ******* the ****** *** ********** ********* ** **** ******** *** ***** persons *********.”

***** **** ** ********* ** **** *********** ***** ** *** processing ********* ***** *****. *** **’* ******* ** ******* ***** has************* ******** ***** ** ** *********** *** ***** ** ** published ** **** *********** ********, ** ********** ********** ** ***** a ******* ** *** **** ** * **** ********. ******* where ** ****** ** ********* ** ********* (******** ******, *******, local *********, ***).

************, “***** * **** ******* **** ******** *****, *** **** controller **** ** ******** ** **** ***** ************ *** *** processing **** *** *********** *********”.

No ******* ******* *********

*** **** *** ** *** ****** ** *** **** **** should ** ****** *** ****** **** **** ****** *** ** kept *** ****** **** ** ********* *** *** ******** ********. The **** **** ****** ****** ******* ******* *** “****** ********, scientific, ** ********** ******** ********” (******* *) ** *** **** **** ************ ****** *** ***** ********** is ****** ** ********* ** *** **** ****** ** *** prove ** ** ****** ********* ** ***** *******.

Usage ** ********* **** ********* ********** (****/******/***)

*** ** ***** *** ********** ****** ********* **** ********* ********** and *** ********** ********* * ** *** ****.

********** ** ******** **** ********* ****** ** ****** ******, ********* opinions, ********* ** ************* *******, ** ***** ***** **********, *** the ********** ** ******* ****,biometric **** *** *** ******* ** ******** *********** * ******* ******, data concerning health or data concerning a natural person’s sex life or sexual orientation shall ** **********. [emphasis added]

The ********* ** ********* ***********

*******, *** **** ********** * ****** ** ********** ** **** prohibition. *** ***** ************, *** ******** ********* ** *** *******-****** “reasons ** *********** ****** ********.” ********** ** ****** ****** *** currently ******** **** ***** ****** ******** ******* ******** ****. ** far **** *** ****** ******* ** *** *********** *** ***** prevention.

*** *******, ***** *** ****, * ******** **** ***** ****** be ********** **** ***** ****** *********** ** *** ******* ** identify **** ******* ******* ******* ***** ****. * ******** **** could *********** *** ****** *********** ********** ********* ********* ** **** as ** ** ****** ** *** ** ****** ***** ** be:

  • “********* *** ******* ** *********** ****** ********”
  • “************* ** *** *** *******”
  • ********** ** *** “*** ******* ** *** ***** ** **** protection”
  • ******** “******** *** ******** ******** ** ********* *** *********** ****** and *** ********* ** *** **** *******.”

** * ******** **** ***** **** *********** ** ***** *********** only *** ** *** *** ** ****** ** ** ****** GDPR *********** ********* ** *** ** *****’* ************** ** *** aforementioned ******. *******, * **** ***** **** *********** ** *** shoppers **** ** ********** ****** ******** **** ***** ****** ** in ****** ** *** ****. (*** ****** *** **** ******* 2(g) ********* *)

Dealing **** **** ******** **** ********

******** **-** ** *** **** ***** **** ******** ********* ****** to ***** *** ****,********* *** ******* ****** *** ******** **** ********* ***** **** *** *** right ** ******* **** **** **** ** ******* (“*** ***** ** ** *********”) ***** ******** **** ** ******** ** ********* **** ** charge. ***** ************ *********, ** **********, **** ** ******* *** give **** ******' ******** **** **** **** ****** **** **** requests, *** ******* ** ********* ***** ** * **** ******* that ********** ***** ****** ** ****.

***** *** **** ***** ** ***** *********, ***** *** ************** concerns **** *** ************ ******** **** ***** ****** **** ** impossible ** ****** **** ** ********.

*******, ***** ****** **** ********* ************** **** ***** ****** ***** in *** **** ** ***** ************, ******** *** ******, ***** of *** ******** *********** ** **** ********** *** ******* ** Information ******** *** **** ********** ******* ** ******* ** **** LLP. *** ***,*** **** ********** ** *** ******* ** *** ***** *** *** *** user “** *** ** * ******** ** ******** *** **** subject” ** ** *** ********* ** ******. ********* *** **** deny ** ****** **** *** ******** **** *** “********** ********* or *********.” *** ***** *** **** *** ********* ** ****** if *** **** *** ********* ** *** ****** ********, ********* likely ** ***** ** ***** ************ ** ****** ******. *** denial ** * ******* ** * **** ******* **** ** explained.

********* **** ******* ***** ** ******* ** **** ************ **** ********. ***** **** ***** ************ **** ** **** for **** **** * *****, **** ***** **** ******** *** video ************ **** **** ****** ** **********. *** *** ***** period ** **** * ********* ******** **** *** ***** *** exploit ** **** *********** ********. ********** **** * ******** *** be ***** ***** ** ***** ** *********** ** ********* *** spirit ** *** ****, *** **** *** *** ******* **** we **** ****** ** **** ****** **** **** ** ***** it.

Dealing **** ***** ******** / ***************

*** **** ******** ********* **** ********. ******** **** ** ******** if **** “**** * **** ** ** **********’* ****** *** freedoms." ** **** *** ****** ** ***** ******** *** ******** breached ** ***, *** **** **** ***** ** ** *****.

**** *********** **** ** ***** ** ****** ***** *******’* **** protection ********* ***** *** ****** *** ** *** ****** ******** affects ******* **** ********, ** **** ****** **** ** ****. However, ** *** **** ********** *** ********* ********** ******** ** place ** ******* *** **** ** ** ****** ****** ** materialize,** ** *** ********* ** ****** **** ******** ** *** risk ** ***** ******** ****. ** ********* ***** **** ******* ** * ****** ** logistically *********, *** **** **** ****** “* ****** ************* ** similar *******” ** ** ******.

**** ********** **** **** ****** **** ******** ** ***** **** controllers, ******** *** **** **** *** ******* * **** ***** in ***** *****.

** ** ******* *************** **** **** ******** **** ************** ***** ** ******** ** ***** ********** ** *** ****. The ****** *********** **** ***** ** **** *********** *** **********, and ** ** *** **** *** ** ************* (*** ** not ******** ****** *** ******** **** ** ****** ** *** EU) **** **** ***** ***** **********, ****** *** ***** *********, which ** ****** ********** **** **********.

*** **** *** ** ********** ******* ******* **** ******** **** be ******** ********* ** *********** *********** ** ***. ** *** very *****, **** *********** **** ****** ** ********* *** ****** to ******* ********* ** ** ******* ** *********** **********.

When ** *************/******* ******* ********?

*** ****’* ******* ** *********** “**************** *** **********” ** **** ** ****** **** **** protection ** “** ****** *** ** *******.” ******* ** ***** caveats, ** ***** *** **** **** ********** **** ******** ****. In ***** ************, **************** (*.*. *************) ***** **** ****** *********** ** ******** *** ***** ** **** ********.

*** **** **** *** ********** ***** **** ************* ** ********. However, ** ********* ** ******* **, *** **** ** *** GDPR ** **** “**** ******** **** ***** *** ********* *** each ******** ******* ** *** ********** *** *********”. **** ***** that ******** ******* ** *** ********, ******** ****** ** *** camera ****** *** ** ******** (*.*., ******** ******* ** *** background ** * *****) ** ****** ** **********.

What ********** ** ********?

*** **** ********* ********* ********** ********* “***** **** ****** *** ******** **** ************** ** *** person *** ** *** ********** ** ****** **.” *******, ** is ******* ******* **** **** ***** ** ***** ************. ** likely ******* ***** ****** ****** **** ***** ******** *******, **** as ******* *********, ******* **** ***, ***, ** ***** ************ access. **** ******** ******* **** *********** ***** *** ********** ********** ****** *** ********, *** **********.

Do * **** ** **** * **** ********** *******?

***** ** **** ******* **** ***** ******* ***** ********* *** data ** ****** ** *** ** **** **** ** **** a ****-**** **** ********** ******* ** ************* ****** *** *******’* data ******** *** ****-*********.

*** ** ********** *** ********** ** * *******’* “**** ********** ******* ********** ** ********* data ** * ***** ***** ** ******* ***** *****, ******* and ********** ********** ** ***********” ** ****** **** * ***. A *** ** *********, *** *******, *** “* ******** ******* responsible *** ********** ******** ******* *** ****** ******,” *** ** Commission ******.

** **** ***** ***** ****** **** *** ***** ***** ******* large ****** ****** **** **** ****. *******, ******* *** ** Commission *** *** **** ******* **** “***** *****” ******** *****. Additionally, **** *** ** ********** **** ***** ********* *** *** even ** * ***** ****** **** *** ****’* *** *****; they *** **** ****-**** ** ****.

Do **** **** ************* ** ***** **************?

******* ** *** **** ** ** ****** **** **** **** any **** ** ****** ************* ** *************.

*** **'* ******* ** ******* ***** (** ******** ** ******** body)********* **** ************ **** ** ******** *** ****** **** "**** ****** **** expertise ** ******** *** ******** **** ********** **** *** ********* and ** **-***** ************* ** *** ****. ** ** **** helpful ** *** *********** *********** ******* ******** *** ******* ******** for ****.” ** **** ***** **** "*** ******** ***** ** expertise [** * ***] ** *** ******** ******* *** ** must ** ************ **** *** ***********, ********** *** ****** ** data ** ************ *********."

** ***,*****’* **** ********** *********** *** ***** *** **** ** ******* ** ******* ********* *** ************* *********** ******** * ****-**** **** *** * ******* ****** ** work ********** (**, ** *** *** *** ** **** **********, at ***** *** ***** ** ********.)

Do * **** ** *** *********?

***** *** ****, *** **** ** ************* ******* *** ******** voluntary (******* **, ******* *). ********* **** ********** ********* *********** **** ** ***** ******** *** ********* ** **** ********* by ***** ***** ******* *************, *** **** ************** *** *** *********. ***** ************** *** carried *** ******* ** ******** ******* *** *** ** ********. Do *** ** ****** **** ******** *** **** ** ************* is ********* ** ** ********** **** *********, *** *** *****, integrators, ** *************.

Are ***** ********** ** *** ****?

******* ** ** *** ********** ** ****** ****** *** ***** ** ******** **** ** core **** **********, ********* *** ***** ** ** *********, *** right ** ****** *********** ******** ** * **** *******, *** the **** ** **** ******** *** *********** *********** ***** **** sort ** ********** ** ***** **. ***** ********** ******* ******** security, *******, ****** ********, ******* ***** *****, *** ***** **********.

** ** ******** **** ********** ** ****** ****** **** ** considered ** ********* ****** ********, ********* ************ ********* **** *********** burdens. *******, ** **** ** *** **** *** ** **** extent “****** ********” ******* ** ***** ************.

**** ** ***** **** ******* ** ** ****, *** *******, someone ******* **** ******* * **** ****** ******* **** *** bank ****** *** ***** ************ ******* ** *** ***** *** right ** ** *********, *** ** ********** ****** ******* *******-********* agencies ** ****** *** ***** ********** **** **** ** ***.

****

****** ****'* ** ******** **** ** ****.

Comments (70)

**** ** * **** **** ***** ********* ******* **** ****. There *** **** ** ********* ****** ** *** **** ******** by *** ******* ** **** *****. ******* **** ********* ***** to ** **** ** ******* *** ********. ***** **** ******* to ******* **** **** *** ****** ** ******* ********* ** this *****. ********* ***** ** ********** ****** *** *** ** deadline.

**** **** *******!

*´* **** ** *** * ******* ******:

************* *** ******* **** *********** ** ** *** *** **** of *** ******!
*** *** **** **** ** ***** ** *% / *% of *** ********* ***** ******** ** *** ********/*******.
(****** ** €** * / €** *)

** ** ******** ** **** *** ********* / ********** ***´* be ***** (** ***** *** ********).

*** *** ******** ******** ** *****-* ********* *** ******* ** system ****** *** ***********-*********** *************.
******* **** ************* *** *** **** *** **** *** **********/********* in ******* ** *** *** ************ ** **** ** ********* GDPR *********** ** ****** ****** ** *************.

** *******, ********** **** *******!

* ***** **** ** ***** ***, *******, *********** ******** ***** *** **** **** *********** *** **********. ** **'* not **** *** ***** (*.*. **** ***********) *** ***** **** themselves ******* ** **** *****; ************* ** *********** *** *** considered **** ********** ***** **** ** *****.

** *******, ***´** ********* *****,

*** ********* * ************ ** *** **** ** "****** ************" can´t ** **** *********** ** ******** ** ****.

*** *** ********** ** ********* ** *** **** ** "****** installer" ***´* ** ***** ** ******* ** ******** ** **** for ***************** ** * ******.

**** ** **** *** ************ ** ****** ************ ****** ********* like *.*. *****-*******, ** *** ** *****, ** *** ******* doesn´t ****** ** *** *****.

** ** **********, **** **** **** ** ***** ********** ******, may ** ***** ***** *** ******** *** **** ******** ********* to *** *******.

** ** ********* *** *** *** ******** ** **** * very ********* ************* ** ****** **** ******** ** ******** ** GDPR.
*** *** ******** ***** *** **** ** ** ***** *** any *******.

** **** *** ** ******** ** *** * ************ **** the ********* ** **********, ** *** ******** ******** * ***** (OR *************), **** ****** ************* ****´* ***** *** ************.

** ************* **** ******** ********* *** *** ********!

***, ***** *** *** **** ** *** **** *********.

**** *********** *****. *'** ********* * *** ***** ********** **** new **** ***. ***** ** *** *** ********* *** ********* level ** ***** ****** ** ** *** ********.

****** **** ** *** ** ****** ***** **** ******** ** actively ******** * *********** *********?

** ******, ****** *** **** *******. * ***** ****** ** the **** ******* ******* *********** ********** ** *** ****: ** hopes ** ****** ***** *** ****** ********** **** ****** ** comply ("******'* ******** **** ********** ***** *******")

*****'* **** ******** ***** ********, *** ******************* ******* **** *********** *** ******** ***** ********** ** *** GDPR ** ***** ******** **** *********** ** ****.

** ***,

******* ***** ********** (** ***********) ***** ** *** **** **:

• ******** ********;

• ******* (** ******** ;-)

• ****** ********

• *** **********, *************, ********* ** *********** ** ******** ******** or ******** ** ****** ** ********* ***********

***** **** **** ** ***** ** * ********* ** *** an *********.

***** *** *** ****! **** **** ***********

**** *** *** **** ********* * ******* *******

**** ** *** ****** ** *** ****** ******* **** ***** and *********

***** ****

***** ********

***** ********

****** *** ***** *** *** **** ********

********* ** ***** ** *** ******* **** *** ***** *****

** ****,

*** ** *****'* ****** **** *** ******* *********** ** *** GDPR ** *** ********. *******, **'* ***** *********** **** **** American ********* *** ***** ******** ** *** ****, ** *** legislation ****** *** ******* ***** ********* *** ******** **** ** EU ******** ********** ** ***** ** ** *****.

** ** **** ********* ***** *** *** *********** ********** *******, the **** **** *** ******* *** *** ** *** ******** technology ** *** ********. *******, ** ***** ******* ***** *** vulnerable ** * ******** **** ******, **** *** *** *** risk ** ******* ** ****** **** *** ****'* ********** ** breaches**** *** ** ******* **.** ***, **'* ******** * **** **** ** ******* **** systems.

**** ** * ******** ***** ** *** ********** ****** ** the ******** *********** ** *********.

***** *** ~**** ******* *********** ** *** **, *** ******* in ************* ******** *********** ***** ** ** ********* ** ****** and ** ****. **** ** ***** **** *** ******* *** really **** ** ****** ********** ** ******** ****** *********.

**** ** ****** ****** ** * ********* **** ******** ****** compliance, **** ** * ********* ***** **** ** *******. **** is **** ** *** ********** ** ***********. ****** **** ***** and **** **** ** *** *** ******* ******* *** ******* research.

** *********** (*** **********) **** ******* ** ******** * ****** and ***** *** ****** ********** **** ****** ** *** ******* of ****** ******* ************ *** *** ********** ******* *** ******** based ** **** ******* ******. ** **** ** ********* **** in *********** **** *** **** ********* **** ** ** ***** by *** ******* ********** *****://********.*****************.***/ ** ****** *** * ******** event ** ***. * **** **** ** ** * ***** at *** *********** ********** ** ****** ** **** ********** ******* 2.0 **** ***** ******* ** **** ****** **** **** *****. http://www.cvent.com/events/identiverse-2018/event-summary-4d21a5f6b479493fb0168947827a6a3f.aspx

********* ****** ** ***** ** *** ***** ******** **** ** a **** ******.

**** ********** ** * ************** (*** *********) ******* *** *****´* require *** ********* ********.

**** ** ***** ****** ***** ** **, ** ****** ** the **** ** ********** ******* ************* ******** (******** ********, ******* control, ********,...).

* ***’* ***** * ********* **** **** ****

******** ******* **** ***** **** ** *** ***** ********* **** many ** ***** ******* ******* *** *** **** ** *****

****** **** * ***** *** *********** ***** ******* *** ** push ** ********* *** ** ***** *** ** ***** *** for *********** **** ****** ***** ********* *** ***** ********* ***** are ********* ** *** ***** **** ******* *** **** ****

**** ******** ******** ** *** *** ***

***** ****** ** ********

** *** ******** ***** **** ** *** *** *******

** ****

*** *** ** ***** ****** *** ** **** ** ****** to **** *** ** *****.
** **** **** ** *** ********* ** *** ** ** set ** *** *** ************* *** ** *****.

* **** *** **** ******* ***** *** **** * *** of ******** **** (** **************, **** ************* ***** ** *** and ** **** *** ****** *** ****).

*** *** ***** ***** **** ** ***** ***** **** ** shared *** **** **** ********* ** ** ****** ** ******. Frankly, *'* ***** ***** **.

***** **** ** ** ** ********, ** ** ********** ****** attention, ********** ** ***** ** *** ******** *******. ** * non-EU ******* ******* ** *** *****, **** *********:

- **** * ******** ******* ******** ****** ** *** ****-******* standard? *** *******, **** ******* **** ***-*****/*****?

- ***** *** ***** ******** ** ****, **** ***** ** a ****************************** **** **** ********** ****** *** ** ******-*****?

- ***** ** ** *** *********** ****** ******* ******** ********* being ********* ** ***** ** *** ****. *** *** **** itself *** ********* **** *** ********* ** ***** * "****** standard" ** *****.“** **** ** *** *** ****** ********,” *ě** ******á, *** European ************ *** *******, **** ********. (*** "******'* *** **** ********** ***** ****** ******* ********* *********.")*** ******* *** **** ****** ***-** ********* ** ****** (** long ** ****'** ********** *** **** ** ** ********), ** effectively ******* **** ********** ********** ********* ** * ******* ****** too.

************, *** ************** ********* ** ******** **** ** * ***** ******* *** only **** ***** ** **** ******* ** ******* "** ******** level ** [****] **********." ** ***, *** ******** ********** ***************** ** ********* - ********* *** ** *** ****** - as ********* **** ********, *** *** ******** ***** ***** **** the ** ** **** ******* **** ***** ***** ** ******** data **********. **** *** *** ** ********* **** ***** ************* ******** **** ********** *********** ** **** ******* ******** *** GDPR ** ** ****** ** "******** ********" **** *** **.

- * ***** *** **** ****'* ***** ** *** ** the **** ************ *************** ** *** **** *** *****. ** based *** ************** ********* ** *** **** *** ** *********, rather **** *** ******** ** ***** *******.

*** ******* ***** ** ********** ******* ******* ********, ** ** still ** *****. *** ***** **** ** **** ** ***** with **** ** ******* ********** *** ***** ******* ********** ** which *** * ******* **** *** ** ** ***** ** the *****.

******* **********

**** ********** * ** ********* ** ***** ********** *******.

** * **** ********* ****** ****, *** ** * ****** plug, *** *** **** **** ** **** ** **** **** we *** ***** ** ***********.*** **** ********** * ** * Co-Founder

**** *** **** ** **** **** ** ***** *** ** particular *** ** ******* ********** ********* *** ****** ****** ******** across ********** *******,**** ******** ***********-**.* **** ************ ********

**** **********, * ** **** ********* *** ***** ******.

***** *** *** **** ***** *********** ******** **** **** *** into *** ******

****** *** *******.

******: ******* ******** **** ** ****** **** ********.

******** * **** ******, ** ** ** *** ***** *** is *** ***** ** ** *** ********* *** **** *********, to ** ********** **** *** ***** ******** ** ****** *** "service ********". **** ****, **** **** ****, ******* ** ** on * ******, * *** **** ** ****.

*** ** *** **** ******* ** *** ******** ***** ** this ***. * ********** ** ****** ********* ********** *** **** of ** ******** **** ****** ** *** ** ********** ** where *** ******* ** *****. **** ***** **** ** ** citizen ******* ******* *** ** ** ********** ** * ******* outside *** **? *** ********* ***** ******* **** **** ***** bound ** *** ***?

** ****, **** ********. *** **** ****** *****'* ******** **** any ******* ** ******** ** *********. ** **** *** **** it ****** *** ******* ***** ********* *** **** ** "**** *********** *** ** *** *****" (******* *.) ** **, ** *****'* **** **** * ******* ********** the ******** **** ** ** ******** ******* *** ** (******* expats ** ********) ***** ** ******* ** *** ****.

*******, ***** ** ******* * *****, ***-**-******* **** * ******* or ***** *** ** ** *** ** ** *** **** of *** ********** ** ********** * "**** *******" ********* ** the ****.

***** *** ******* * **** ** *******’* **** ****** ** gdpr

*** **** **** **** ** *********

** ***** ** ******** **** ** **** *** ****** ** their ********

*** ** ********** *** ****** * ****** ** ****** ** having "******** **** **********" *** *** ******** **** ** ** data ******** *** ** **** **.

"*** ******** ********** *** ** *** ********** *******, *********, ****** (commercial *************), ***** *******, ********, ******, **** ** ***, ******, New *******, ***********, ******* *** *** ** (******* ** ********** ****** *********) ** ********* ******** **********. ******** ***** *** ******* **** Japan *** ***** *****," ("******** ** *** ********** ** ******** **** ** ***-** *********")

* ****** ***** ***** ***** ** ********** ** **** ******** data **********. *******, **** ******'* *********** ****** ******* ********. ********, these *********** **** ***** *** ******** ** ******** ****. ******* it's **** ** ***** ** ***, * ***** ****** ** only ******** ** **** ** **'* ************ *** ******** **** of ** **** ******** ******** ** ******* ** ******* ******* not ** *** **'* ****.

** *** **** ** ***** *** *******

****** ** ***** *********

****** ***** **** ******* *** ** ******* ** ******* ** china

***** **** **** ****** ***

**** *** *** ****** ***** *** **********. ** **** *** store ** ******* *** ****. ** ********* **** **** * DDNS ***** ** *** *** ***.

**** *****, **'* *** ********* ** *** *** *** ****** to *** *** ****** ** ********.

** *** ** *******

**

**** ***** ** ***** *** ** ***

***** ** ***’* ***** ****** ******* *** ******

*** ****** ** ***** ** **** *** ************ ** *********

*** **** **** ****** ** **’* ***** ******* ** ** it *** **** **** *** **

**** *** *** ** ******* ******’* **** **** **** ***** previously

******* **** **** **** *** ****

**** *** ***** ********* *** ******** ** ********** ** **** is

*****

**** ******* '**********' ** ******* *** "********** *** ******** *** means ** *** ********** ** ******** ****.."

**** **** ******* '*********’ ** ******* *** ********* ******** **** on ****** ** *** **********"

**** **** ******* ********** '**********' ** *** *** ****, *** 'processor' ** *********** ** ***** ******* *********. ****** ****** *** not ********.

*** *** ****** ****** *** **** ** ******** ********, *** may ********* '**********' ** *** ****** ***** ******* ****** ***** designed *** ******, ********* "********** *** ******** *** ***** ** processing ** ******** ****..." ***** *** ******* *** ********** ***** services *** ******* ********* **** **********, *** *** **** ********* camera ***** ** * '*********'.

** *** ***** **************, ****** ****** *** **** '**********' *** 'processor'.

* ***** ** ******** *** *** ********, ****** ** ********** references, ** *** *********** ** *** ***** **************.

** *****,

*********** ******. *******, **** ***** *** **** **********, * ***'* think ****** ****** ***** ***** ** **** ***********. ***********"********* *** ******** *** ***** ** ************ ******** ****" ; ***** ************* ********* ** *** **** *** ******* over *** ******** ******** **** ******** ** * ******, **** can't ** **** *********** ** **** ********. ****, **** *********** have * *** ** ************** ***** *** ****. ** ************* like ********* **** ********** **** *********** ** ***** ****** *********-**** camera ** *** **, *** ********** ********** ***** ** *******/********** to ******.

*******, **'* *** **** ************* ****'* ******** ** *** ****. They *** ****** ** **** ********** ** **** ********** **** it ***** ** ***** *********, *** *******. *** *** ************ (or *** ***** ********) **** ********* ** *** ** ** considered *** "**** **********" ** ***** *********' ******** ****.

**** **** *****.

*******,

* ****** ** ************* *** *** ******** **** **** **** 'P2P' ** ***** ********** ********. ***** *** *** **** ***** / ***** ******* *** *** '*****' **** ******* ** *** devices (*.*.,********* ***** ******* (***** / **********) ******). *** *** ** * ************'* ******* **** ** ********* to ***** ******** *** ** ********** ********** **** **. ****'* the *********** ** ****** ** **** ***** *** ****?

**** ** **** *** ****** ***** *******. ** **** ****** their *********. *** *** **** ****** ** ***** *** **** or *** ***-***** *****.

** ****** ** ***/*** ****** *** **** ****** ** ****, how *** *** ** *** *** *** *** ** ** determines *** **********.

*** **** ***** ******** ** **** ****** ** ******* * Chinese ***** ******* ********** **** ***** *****, ** *** *** yet.

*** ********** * ***** ** ********* ***

******* ****** ** ******** *********

***** ******* **** * ***** ***

**** **** ***

**** ** ****

*** ****

**** ** ***** ***** *** ***** ****** ****

***** ** **** * ********* ** **** *****

*** *** ******* *** **** *** **** ** ****?
***** **** **** **** ***** **** *** ***** *** ****** that **** ********* *** ***** ** **** *** ******.

**** '*****' ** **** **** *** *****/*****, *****/***** *** *****.
* *** ** ****** *** ** ************ ***** * *****.

***** *** ****** ******* **************, ****** * **** ******** ** VMS *** ** *** **. **'* ***** *** ****** ******* but *** **** ** **********, ******** * ** *** ****** the ******** *** ***** ***** *** ****.

* *** ** ********** *** ****** **** *** **** ** most ** ***** ********* ** *** ****. *'* **** *** end **** ** ***** ** *** **** ****** :).

** **** **** ******* ***** ***

*****

****** *****

*** ***** * ***** ** ** ** *** *** * dvr **** **** **** ** ********* ********* ** * ************ system

** ***** ****** ** **** ****** *******

***

********** *******

** ******* ** *** ******** ****** ****** *** ******** ** margins **********

**** ********* *** ** ** ****

** * ***

***** **** *** *** ** *** ****** ****

** ***

****,

** *** ******* **** ***** ****** ** ***/**** **** ** have ***** *******? ** ** ** ********** *** *** ******** to ** **** **** **** *** ***** ** ***** ********?

** ********** ******* ******* - ******* *’** **** ** *** has **** ******** ** ****** (**). *** * **** ** we **** ** ***** **** ******* *********** **** *** *********..

**********:

**** ******* ********** ****** **** *** **** ********* "*** ********* processing *** ******** **** ** ** ********". *******, *** **** makes ** ******* ** ** ********, ******* ******* **** ** applies ** "**** ******** *** *** ** *** *****" (*********** *****, ******* *.) **** ***** *** **** ******** ****** *** ** ** the **, ********** ** ***** ***********. ** ****** *** *****.

"** *** *****" ** *** * *** ******** ** **** means ********** *** **** ******* *********** ********** ** ********.

****** *** *** ******* *********. * ***** ***'** ***** ** the ***** **** *** **** ***** ******** **** ******** *** go ******* *** ** ** **** *****; **** ******* ** whether *** ********** **** ***** **** **** **** ** *** EU. *** *******, ** * ******* ******** ** ***** * was ****** ** ***** *** * ************ ***** ** *****, GDPR *********** ***** ***** ***** ******* *** ********** **** ***** in *** **.

*******, ** ***** **** *** **** ***** ** **** ********** in ***** *********, ** ** *** ******* ** ******* ******* in *** ** *** *** ********* **** **** (** **** as ***** *****) *****. ** *** ***, * ******* ** by ***... * ********** **** ******** ****, ** * ********* you *** **** ** ***** *** **** ** *** ***** at ***********.***

***********, ****** ***. *'** **** **** ************** ********* ** ****:"********* ** ****** **** ** ********: **** *** **** **** GDPR *********** ** ****?"

*******, *** **** ****** ***** ******** ** ******** (** *********) and **** ** **** ******* ** "**** ******** *** *** ** *** *****" ********* *.

******* **** ***** ***** ** ** ******** ******* *** ** isn't ***** *** * ***** **'** **** ** **** *** implementation *** **** *******.

**** ***** ** ** ** *** **** *** (** **********).

** ** *** ** *** ************ ************...


*******,

* *** * ******* **** **** **** *********** ***********, ** PwC (******, ******** ** ***, ******* ******** *** ***** ******* services *** ***) *** ** ********* **** **** *****. * can **** *** **** **** *********. *** **** ******* ** the ******** *********** ** *** ** **** ******** (************* ** discussions ** ************, *******, *******, ***.) ******. ** **** ** a **** *****, ****** ********* *** ** **** ***** ******** information ** ********.

*** ***'* **** ** **** *** ******* ** **** ***** there *** ***************, ** *** ***** ** *****. *** **** is **** *** *** **** ** *** *** ** *** extension ****** *** **********.

*********,

***

*** **** ******* ** *** ******** *********** ** *** ** data ******** (************* ** *********** ** ************, *******, *******, ***.)

***, *** ** **** * ******** ** * *** ****** understand **** *** *** ******.

* ****** ******* **** ** ******, ****** * ********'* **** has ************ *******.

********: *** *** / *********** ****** **** **** ******* ** the ****** ******* ******* ** * ****** ********'*?

***...

***, * ** ********* ****** ** **********. *** *** *********/*******?

** ** ******* ** *** **** ****, ***** *** *** short *** ****. **** ** *** * *** *** *** these ********* **** **** *** ***** *** **** ****.

*** *** * ** ******* ** ****, ** *** *** going ** **** ******** ** **** ** ***** ** ******** address *** *******, ***** *** ***** ***** *** **** ******** as *** ~ *** **, "* ****** *******'* *** ** the ****** **** ** ** ********* ** * ****** **********".

*** ****** ** *** ************ ******** ***** ** ** ***** in ***** ** ******** ******* **** ***********.

**** *** *********** ** ***** * ******* ** (**) ********* starting **** **** ** ******* **** ** **** ****** *******, this ** *** ***** *** ** ***** *** **** ** take. ** **** ** * **** ******* ** *** **** and **** ***** **** ******* **** ******** *****.

* ****'* **** ** *** **** ***** *** '***' ** in *** ** '***' ** ******* **********...

*** ** *** ******* *******. * ** * ****** ******* in * ********* ***** ***** ** *** ******'* ******** ** China ***** **** *** ***** ****** ***********. **** **** **** that ** *** ******* ** * *** *****-***** *********** ****** the ***? * *** *** **** ***** **** ****** ** yes *** * ** ********* **** **** *** ** **** be ******** (****** **********, ***** **** **************, *** ** *** fine ***** ********* **** ** ******** *** **** *****).

** *** *** ***** ** **** ******** ** **** ** needs ** ******** *******

***, *** ** **** **** ****. *** **** ****** * series ** ******** ********* **** ********** ********* *** *** **** to *** **** *** ******** ********** **** **** ***** ************** here. *** ***:

* *** * ******* **** **** **** *********** ***********, ** PwC (******, ******** ** ***, ******* ******** *** ***** ******* services *** ***) *** ** ********* **** **** *****. * can **** *** **** **** *********.

*** *** ***** **** *********? ********** **** ******* ******* *** not ****** *** **** ********** ********* ** ******* **** ********?

*** *** *** ******* *******.. ** ** ****** *** ** the ********* *** *** ******* *****.

*** *** ********** ** ***** ** ***** ******, **** ** a **** ********** *****.

***** *** *** ** ******* ***** ******** * ** ******* that *********** ** * ****** ***** *********, **** ** *** I ******* ** ** ** *** ******** ****, ** ******* to ** ******* *****. ** *** *********** ** **** ***** and ***** ****** ** ** ** **** ********.

** ****** ***** "*** ********* ********** **** ** ** ********", this *** **** *********** ** ***** *** ** *** ***** you *** ******.

****** *** *** ******** ****.

********* ******* - *** *** **** ******* *** ********* **** to ** ** **** *********, *** *** *********** *****'* **** to ** ** *** **** ***** **********. *** ********** **** the ***** ******* ******* ** ***** **** ******* *********** *** be *****, **** ** * ******* ****** *** *** **** controller/DPO ** ******* *******.

**** *** * ******** * ************ ***** ** * **** foundation ****** **** *********.

** ********* ****** *** ******* **** **** ******* ****** ******* contact ******* *** ******* *********** ***all the system's intended usage on the signs, as a minimum, and these should be placed at all entry points to the establishment/estate etc. Typically, any signage that currently meets DPA 1998 and best practice guidance would meet GDPR - our experience is that in practice (at least in the UK) many systems fail to provide signage to meet the current requirements let alone GDPR.

** ** ******* ** *** ****** ** **** **** ****** news.

****** *********** ******* *** ****

******** ******* ******* *** ****** *********** ** ****** *** **

******** ** ****** *********** *** *****.

****** ******...

***, *** ** **** ** ******* ** ****'* ******? *** article ********** ***** ************* ********** ******* *** (***** *** ******* ** ***** *** in ****).

* ********* ***** **** ****** *********** ****** ******* *********** ******** but ******** *** *** **** *** **** ****. *** *******, Nest *** * ****** *********** ******* *** ******** ** ** Illinois *** **** **** ******.

****** *** ***** *****. * ********* **** *****. ***** *** Illinois **** ** ** ******* ** * ********** *****'* ************ I ***** ** ***** ** *** *** **** *** **** Facebook's ******** *****. **** * ***'* **** ** ***** *** a ****** *** ****** **** * ******* ******. **** ** a ********** ******* ** *** ***** *** **** ******** ****** that *** ****** ****** ***** ***** ** *** ** ***** and *** **** ** * **** ********* ***** **** ******** compliant ******.

** ***,

*'** **** ***** ** ******* **** ******** *** * ***** of ***-**** ******** ******** ** * ********** ** ****** ** a *** *****. ** *** * *********** ** ** **********-***** integrated ****** ******* *** ***** ****** **** ** **** *** over *** ***** (*** ************ ** ******).

*'** **** *** ****** *********** ********** **** *** *** ************ and *** **** ****** ** ********** ***** ** **. *** what * ***'* ***** ********** ** *** ******** ********** ****** control *** ***** ******* **** ** ******** ** *** **** rules.

** *** **** *** ******* ** *** ******** ******* ** access ******* *** ****** ** ****?

*** ******** ***** ** ***********

*****,

****'* * **** **** ********. ** **** ***** ************, *** GDPR ***** ** ******* ** ****** *******; *******, *** **** of **** ********* *** ****** ******* ******** ***** **** ***** the ******** **** **** *** **** *********, ***** ** ** "information ******** ** ** ********** ** ************ ******* ******". **** of *** ****** ********** ** *** ***** ************ ***** ***** apply ** ****** *******. ****'* * ***** ******* ** * few **** ******:

Data *******: while there's no defined limitations on storage, ******* ****** ** ***** **** **** ****** *** ** ****** *** "longer **** ** ********* *** *** ******** *** ***** *** personal **** *** *********". ** ****** *******, **** ***** **** having ***** ******** ***** ******* *** ****** **** **'* *** kept ****** **** ** ************ ****** *** *** ***** **'* for “****** ********, **********, ** ********** ******** ********”.

Consent *** ************: access control is an industry where processing is based more on consent than video surveillance. In such industries, the GDPR mandates that clear consent be given (******* *), ** **** **** ********* ** ******** ******* **** ** access ******* ******** *** **** ***** ******* ** ***. *** consent **** ** ****-******** ** ****, ** *** ********** ** Article ** **** ** ****** ****** ** ***** ** **** subjects ** *****, ***** ********.

Right ** ** *********/**** ********: same as video surveillance - make sure there are mechanisms for people entered into the access control database to be able to request and remove their data.

********:** *** ***** ************, ******** ** ******** **** **** ** reported ** *********** *** *********** **** ******** **********.

**********:***** ********** *** ********* ********** ********* *, **** *** ******* ** "*** **** ******* *** ***** explicit ******* ** *** ********** ** ***** ******** **** *** one ** **** ********* ********". **** ***** ********** ***** ** allowed *** ****** ******* ********, *** **** ** ******** ******* is *****, *********** *** ********* *** ***** ** ******* ** here.

*****:***** **'* ***** ***** **** ***** *** ******** *** *****-***** video ********** ** ********-********** ******, **'* *** ***** *** ** it's ******** ** ****** *******. ** ***** ** ******** ** the ****** ******* **** ** ***** ********* ****:******* ******** **** ***** *** ******** ** ***** ** "********** ** a ***** ***** ** ******* ********** ** **** [*.*. **********]". However, ******* *** **** *****'* ****** "***** *****" ** **** yet ** *** *** ** ********* **** ***** ***** **** requirements ** ******** *** ******* **** ***** ***** ** ****** control ** ***.

***** ** * *** ** **** *** ** ****** ******* requirements. *** ******* ***** *** ***** ***** *** *** ** physical ****** ******* ** ******* ******** *** *********** ******** ******* special *************, ** ** **** ****** ** ******* ******* **** the ******** ******** ************** ********. ***** ***** *** **** ******, as *** **** ********* ****, ******* ******* *******.

**** ** *** ******** ******** **** *** ***:

*** ********** ** ******** **** ** *** ****** ******** ********* and ************* *** *** ******** ** ******** ******* *** *********** security, *.*. *** ******* ** * ******* ** ** *********** system ** ******, ** * ***** ***** ** **********, ********** events ** ******** ** ********* ******* **** ********** *** ************, authenticity, ********* *** *************** ** ****** ** *********** ******** ****, and *** ******** ** *** ******* ******** ******* **, ** accessible ***, ***** ******** *** *******, ** ****** ***********, ** computer ********* ******** ***** (*****), ******** ******** ******** ******** ***** (CSIRTs), ** ********* ** ********** ************** ******** *** ******** *** by ********* ** ******** ************ *** ********, *********** * ********** interest ** *** **** ********** *********. **** *****, *** *******, include ********** ************ ****** ** ********** ************** ******** *** ********* code ************ *** ******** ‘****** ** *******’ ******* *** ****** to ******** *** ********** ************* *******.

*****-*** *** **** ***** *********

**** *******, *** *** * ******* ************ ** ** ****** place **** "***********"...

** ** *****, **** **** *** **** **** *** ***'* have ** ****** ** **** ** *** ***'* **********, ** that ***** **** ***'* *****. * *** ****** ******** *** that ******** ******** *** **** ********* *** *****. *** **** here ** ** ******* ** ********** *** *******. *** **** would ** **** *** *** ****** ****** ********* ** ***** justifications *** **********. *** ** **** ** ***** ***** ******* kicks **, ** ****** ** ******** ******. ***** ******* ******* as **** *** ******* ** *** *** ** ***** ***** are ******** ******** **** ** *** *** ********** *****.

*******,

*****-*** **** ****, **** ** **** ***********.

** ***** ** ***, *** ******* ******** ** **** ************ and ******* ********** ** * **** *** ****, ***** **** most ** *** ******* ****** **********. ************* ******* ** ****** is ******** *** ******** *** *****. *** **** **** **** are **** ************* ** ********* ******** *****.

**** ** *** **** ******** ***** *****. ** **** ****, as ** *** **** **** *** *** **** *********; **** are **** *** **** ********** *** **** ** ****** *** purpose *** **** * ****** ** ******* ****. ***** *** also * ****** ** ***** ****** **** **** ** **** place ********* ** *** ******* ********. *** **** ********* ***** to ********, *** ******* ** *** ** (***** ** ***** part ** *** **) **** ***** ***(**** ** ******** *** * *** *********** ** **** **** to *** **** ********** *** ** ****). *** *********** **** should *****, ** *** *******, **** *** *********** ** ***** ********* ******* *** *********** *** *** ******* ** ********.

**** ****** **** * ******** ********* *** **** ** **** privacy ******, ** ***** ** **** ** ****** ******* (*** seem **** ** ******** *** ** ** **** * **** important *******) *** ****, *****, ********* ** ******* *** **** a ****** ** ***** *********** ****** ******, **** (**** *******) control *** ***** *****. ***** ****** ** * ******* *** increasingly ********* *****.

**** ********* ********, ***** *** ** ***** ************, **** ** my **** **** *** *** **** *** ********* ** *** US. *'* ****** **** ** * ***'* **** *** *'* going ** ****** ** ************ *** ** **** ** ******* a ****** *** *** ** ** * ******** ******** *** cyberspace ** *** **** ***** ** ****.

*. ***** ******** ********.

*. ******* *** **** **** ********* *** ****** *** ********.

*. ***** ******* ** ***** ***** ************.

*. **** ****** ** ******** *********.

* **** **** ******* **** * *** ** *****, *** I *** ****** ** ********** *** ******** ** ** ***** more.

******, **** ** ***** *****. **** **** ** **** **** the **** **** ******* ** ** ********* ** ********** ** persons ********** ** *** **. *** ***'* **** ** ****** with *** **** ** **** ******** ******** **** ******* ***** of * ******* ******* ******* ******* * ******** **** ** NYC *** *******.

********** ******** *** *** ***** **** ** ** * *** further *** ******* ***** **** *** **** ********** **** ******** by *** ** ********** *** ***** ************ ************.**** ********** ******** ********* ***** *** **** ** ******** *** ***** *******, drones *** **** *******.

****** *** *** ********, * **** ********** ** *** **** at **** **********! **** ** ***** ** ******** *** *******, we ****** **** *** **** **** ** *** **** *** of *** ******* ** ***** *****.

**** ** *** ****, *** **** ** **** **** ***** https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/surveillance-camera-code-of-practice-self-assessment-tool

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Hikvision has their high-end dual-sensor DarkfighterX. Axis has their high-end concealed IR Q6125-LE. Which is better? We bought both and tested...
Avigilon Announces AI-Powered H5 Camera Development on Sep 19, 2018
Avigilon will be showcasing "next-generation AI" at next week's ASIS GSX. In an atypical move, the company is not actually releasing these...

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