The US Fight Over Facial Recognition Explained

By Charles Rollet, Published Jul 08, 2020, 08:55am EDT

The controversy around facial recognition has grown significantly in 2020, with Congress members and activists speaking out against it while video surveillance industry players such as SIA have pushed back or remained quiet in this contest.

IPVM Image

This report explains who the major actors are in this issue, what their positions are and what the potential legal ramifications may be so you can better understand how this may evolve over the next few years.

Face *********** ** **********

****** *********** ** *** US *** ********************************** ****** *********** ******* up *****. ** ****,****** ****** ***** *********' ***** were ****** ** ***-********** facial *********** *********, **** Congressman **** ******** (*-**)******** *** "********" ** the ******* ************. ******* there ** ***** ** national *** ********* *** usage.

George ***** ******** ********* ****-****** *********** ********

*** ******** **** *** police ******* ** ****** Floyd **** ************* ******** on ****** *** ** face ***; ******** *** technology ****** ** **** in *****'* *****, *** bias ****** *** ********* for *********** ********** **** led ** ********************.

Main ******* ******** **** ***

***** *** **** ** the ********* ****** ******** the **********. *** ****** are ******* ******* ** federal, *****, *** ***** law *********** ***** ****** than ******* ***.

  • The **** ****** ********** *********** "*** ** place ** *** ***********" and "****** *********** * surveillance ********** ****** *** other ********** ** *** past". ******* *** ** *********** **** *** ***************** **** "** ***** ** end ** *** *******’* unlawful, *******-********** ************ **********" and ********* ************* ********** ** ******,***************** *** ****** ** *******-******** ** Detroit *** *** ********** arrested ***** ** * face *** ********.
  • Fight *** *** ****** is a digital rights advocacy group which launched the *** ****** *********** ********** **** **** ** ban *** *********** *** of *** **** *** being "******", "********", *** "dangerous". * **** *** to ***** ****** *********** deployments, ****, *** ***** regulations ******* *** *** ******'* interactive ***:

IPVM Image

  • The ********** ******** ********** **** ****"******* ********** ************ ** face *********** *** **** by ********** *** ******* companies", *********** *** **** that *** ********** ** "almost ********** ***********". *** EFF *** **********************,********* *** ***, ** ******** **** information ***** ***** **** rec *** **** ***** launched ****** *** **** *********** ***** ***** ****** which ** ********* ********* one's **** ***** *** recognition ********.
  • The ****** *** ******* & **********, a Georgetown Law School think tank, is the organization behind 2016's ********* ****-** ************* **** **** **** of ******** ****** *** photos ** *** *********** face *** *********. *** organization *** ********* ******* on****** **** *** ****,******* **** ************, ******** ****** *****.
  • The *********** ******* ******, founded by an ** ********* ** ***, **** "** ******* can ********** ******, ******, ableism, *** ***** ******* forms ** **************" *** pushed *** ******* ********** oversight ** * ******************* *******.

Opposition ****** ****** ***** *** ******** **** *** **********

** **** ****, *** the ****** ********* *****, along **** ****** ** other *************,**** * ****** ** Congress********** * ******** ********** on **** *** ***:

*** *********** *******, ***** liberties, ***** ******, *** investor *** ***** ****** write ** **** *** to *** ** ***** afederal ********** ** **** *********** for law enforcement and immigration enforcement purposes until Congress fully debates what, if any, uses should be permitted [emphasis added]

*** ****** ********* **** the ******* ********** ********* grants ** ****** ******** such * **********:

**** **********should **** ***** ** *** ********* ** ******* ****** *** ********** ** ****** *** ********** who seek to deploy this technology for law enforcement or immigration purposes [emphasis added]

IPVM Image

Democratic ******** ******* **** *** **********

* **** *****, **** Democratic ******** ************************ *********** *** ********* Technology ********** ***, ***** ******* *** activists' ****** ** *********** banning ****** *********** *** other ********** (*****, *******, gait) ***** ** *** US ******* ********** ***** with ************ ******* *** to *****/***** *********** ** them ******** ******* ***********.

****** *********** ***** ********** be *******, *** **** if "********** **********" ** an ******** *** *** mandating ******** *******/******** *********. The **** **** *** cover ******* ***** ** the **********.

IPVM Image

Moratorium ******* **** ********

*** ******** ********** **** is ******** ** **** anytime ****, **** *** Congressman, ***** ***** (*-**)******* ****** "***** ** ********* tough" ** **** ******** facial *********** *********** ** one **** *** ** the ************ ******** *** other ******** **** ** the *****.

*********, *** ********** **** has ** ******** ******** supporters ** ******** ****** its *******.UPDATE: 15 lawmakers - all Democrats - *** ******** *********** ***********. ** **** track, ***** *** *** Future *** ************** **********.

*********, *** **** *********** would **** ******* ********** senators ** ****, *** to *** ***'* ******* of *** ******, ******* the **** ******** ** Congressional *************** ***************** ****** ****** *******.

********* ***** ******* ** Policing ***** * *******-******* ****** reform ****, ***** ********* using **** *** **** body/car ******* *** ******** the *** ******** ** "conduct * *****" ** "issues ********" ** ****** recognition ** ** ******** "not ***** **** * years" ***** *** ****'* passage. **** *** ********* *** ******* **** ** *** it ***** ********** **** *** **********-********** Senate.

IPVM Image

Prospect ** ***** ****** *********** ***********

***** ******** ****** *********** bills **** ******* *** remain ** *** *****, including:

IPVM Image

Big **** ******** ****** **** *** ***, *** *** ******* ********** ****

***, *********, *** ****** have ********* ** *** protests ** ********** ** temporarily ********** ***** ****** recognition *********** **** *** enforcement:

*******, **** ** ***** firms **** ******** ********* support ** *** ******** moratorium **** ******** **** month ** ********* ******* what *********** **** ***** support.

Cities ******* **** *** ****** *** **

** *** *** ******/********** have ****** *** *********** use ** ****** ***********, all ** ************* *** California, **** ***** **** happening ** **** ** the ********:

Traditional ***** ************ ***** ******, *** "******** *******" ********** ****

IPVM Image

**** ** *** ***** traditional ***** ************ ************* have ******** ****** ********** about ***** **** ** facial *********** ** *** George ***** ********. *******,** * *********, *** **** *** moratorium **** "********* *** safety" ** *********:

*** *********** ********* *** safety ** ********* ** eliminating ******* ***** **** have **** ** *** for * ****** ** more ** ***** ********* of ******, ******* *****, allow ****** ** ******** infrastructure ***, *******, **** Americans ****, ***** ******** the ******** *** **** improving *** ********** ****, reliable *** ******** **********.

** *** *********, *** CEO *** ******** **** SIA "**************** ********" *********** on ****** ***********, ******** giving *** ******* ** what **** ***** ******:

*************, *** ***** **************** support *********** **** ******* appropriate ************, ********** *** oversight.

Core *****: ****** *** ****** ***********

*** ** *** **** criticisms **** ** ****** recognition ** *** ** is **** ** ** inaccurate *** **********. *** example, *** **** *** written "*** ** **** *********** Surveillance ********** ******?" *********** *** ******* **************** ******** ** *******-******** because ** * **** rec ********. **** ** the***** ****** *** *********** *** ********, **** shadow/poor ******** *** ****** totally ********* *** ******'* face:

IPVM Image

**** ** * **** higher-quality ***** ** *** arrested *** ***** ** the ****:

IPVM Image

NIST ***** ** ****** *********** ******** *** ****

IPVM Image

*** **** ********** ***** of ****** *********** *** racial **** ** ********* **** ********* ** ****** *** algorithms **** ** *********, which ****** "****** ***** of ***** ********* *** Asian *** ******* ******** faces ******** ** ****** of **********" *** ***-**-*** matching (************), **** "*************" often ******* "**** * factor ** ** ** 100 *****" ********* ** the *********.

*** ***** *** *** cover ***** ************ *******, only ********, ********/**** ******, and *** ****. *** NIST ***** ****************** ******* ********** ****** ***********'* racial ****:

IPVM Image

IPVM Image

IPVM Image

NIST ***** *********, ******** ********

*******, *** ****** ****,******* * ************* *** ***** *** actually ********** ** *** technology ***** "*** **** effective" ****** ****** ****** than ********:

****** *********** ********** ******** far **** *********** ****** racial *** ***** *********** groups **** ****** ********.

************** ********** *** ********** Foundation, ***** ********** *** US **** ********, **** pushed **** ** *** media's *********, ******* *** study ****** **** ******** regardless ** ****:

** ******** **** ******* have *****, **** ** the ********** **** ******** rates **** ****** ** percent, *** ** *** new ****** *****, *** differences ****** ************ *** minimal *** *** **** algorithms

Weak ******** ******

****** *** ** ****,****'* ********** ***** ** facial ***************** **** *** ******* demand *** ****** *********** is **** **** *** controversy **** *** ********** contributing ** ****.

**********

******* *** *** ***********, there ******* ** ******** legislation *** ****** ***********, and **** * **** is ******** ** **** anytime ****. *******, ***** nationwide ******** **** *** enforcement ******, ***** ** an ********* ****** ** city/state **** *** ***** more ********* ********. *** example, *** ************* ***** legislature ** ********* *********** a ****** ****** ********* ***** ******* **-***** ****** *********** moratorium ** *** *********** use.

**** ** ******** **** issue ******* *** ** will ****** **** **** as *** ************ **** in.

Comments (20)

* **** **** ********** survey ** ****. **** are *********. ***** *** current ***********, * ***** imagine **** **** ************* would ** ******** ** step ** ***** **. I **** ********** ****** several ******* *** ** find **** ***** **** darker **** ***** *** more ********* ** ********** ID. **** *** **** a ****. **** ** the *** ** ** does *** **** ** an ******, *** ********* is ** ** ******* why * ****** ** interest *** ****** ** misidentified ******* ** ******** flawed **********? *** ** is *** ****** **********. I **** **** ***** that ******* ******** ** with ****** **** ***** make ******** **'* **** difficult.

***** ******... **** ***********

* ********, ** **** had *** ****** *********** now ** *** ******** for **** **** * years *** ********** ** lightness ** ******** ** skin *** *** **** any ********** ** % accuracy. ******* *** ******* glasses ** ****** ** not ****** * *****.

*** ****** ******* ** POSITION **** ***** **** GET * ****** *******!

** *** ********, ** have **** **** **** people ******** ** ** average ***** *** ** is **** ********** ** recognizing ****** **** **** committed ***** ** ******** stores *** *********** ****** a ****** ** *******, management ************* **** ** team ***** ****** **** has *******. ** ****** don't **** ****, **** don't *****, ** ** work, *** **** * living. ******* ***** *** the **** ****** **** stand ** **** ** McDonalds *** ***, *** guy ****** ** ** paying *** ** ****.

***** ***** **** ** and ** **** ** issue **** ****** *********** since **** **** ** issue **** ********** ****** so ****'* ***.

*** ****** **** *** pass * *** ********** not ** *** ****** recognition ******* **** **** cams *** ******* ** police **** ***** *** be ******* ***** *** needed *** ********** ** people *** ******.

*** ********** ** ****, it ***** *** ******** well, ***** ********, ****** or ***** ** ***** count ** ********.

********** **** *** ****** strong ********, ***** ********, features, **** ** ***, and ***** *******. *** all ** ***** ** have *****.

****** *********** *** *** place, *** **** ****** that ********* *** ***** are **********.

* **** ****** ** the ****, "** *** recognize **** ****** *** the ****** ** **** and *** ******* ** useless!".

***, *** ****** **** of *** ***** ** how *** ********** *************- ***** *** ******* in **** ********.

**** ** *** **** isn't ***** ****** (**** hues **** ***********), ** certainly **** ** **********. your ********** ***** **** it ***** ****** **** well ******* ** ******** in * ****** **** limits *** ********** ** FR (**** ******** *********).

*******, ****** ** *********** that ** *******'* ** used ** ******** ***** criminals ******** **************...

*******, **** ** ********** on *** *** ** this **********, *** *** be ******* **** ** will ** **** ** other **** **** ** oversight ** ***** ***** the ********** - **** suppression ** *******, ******** free ******, ********* ** ethic ******, ******* ** privacy ******, ***.

****** **** *** ** included **** ** ** some ** ***** ********* bans -*** *** **** *******.

*** ******* ***'* **** it*******'*** **** - **** that *** ** ** used ****** ** *********** - *** ****** **********'********** ***' ***** ****.

* ****'* ******* ********** because * ***'* **** if ******* ** ******** me ** * ** in ***** *****, ** what? ** **** ** I ** *** ********, who ****** ****. ******* in ** *** **** for * *******, ***** crime, *********** ** ****** that ****** ****** *** save *****. ***!

** *** ***'* **** to ** **** * store **** *******, **** go *********, ** *** your **** ***** ** if ******* ****** **** the *****. ** ** not **** ********* **** someone **** ****, **** about *** ****** ** make * ******!

**** **** ** ** info **** ******* ****'* mature, **** *** ********* it, **** **. * suggest ***** *** **, listen ** ***** ***** the ******* ************.

******** **** ******. **** you **** ***, ***** is * **** ******** and ****** **** **** me ****, ** **** is ********* ** **** speech, **** **** ***** the ****?. ** **** next ****, ** ****** what ***** *** ** around *** **** *** are ********., ** ** need ** *** *** of *****.

*** **** ********** *** government ******* **** ***!

** *** *** ***** where ******* *** ******** every **** ******* **** are ****** ******* **** say ********* *** ***** Communism. **** ***'* **** Democracy, ** **** *** a ****** ** ***** movement.

** **** ** ** protected *** *** ***'* want **, *** **** the ******* **** ******* steals **** *** ** bothers ***.

**** ** ******, ****** could **** **** *********, kept ****** **** ***** killed ** ******* *** known * ****** *** arrived , ****** ** a ******* *** ** their ******** **** *** an ** ** *****. I *** **** ******* examples. ****** ***** **** been ***** ** *******, same ***.

*** *** **** ******* cameras ** *******? ** not, **** **** **** only ** *** ******** them.

*****, *** **** ******* without ********* ******* *** needs,

***, * ** ** a ******** *****.

**#* ****** * ****** class ** ***** *** and ***** *********** *********. Doesn't ********** *****'* **** may ** ********** ********'* enemy.

** *** **** ** UM#2 ********** ** ** I ** ********** *** killing ** ******, * see **** *** ** Customs *** ****** ********** has ******** ****** ** updated******* ****** ************* ******* *** **** are ***** *** ****.

***** *** *** ***** or ******** **** *** they *** ***** **** tech (********* ***** ***** reads **** ********** ******** outside ** ***** *** LPR ****** *****), ** least **** *** ****** to (** ****** **) be ***********.

* ** ** ******** of **** ************.

*** *** *** ******: I **** ******.

*** **** **** ******* camera ********* *** ‘***’ but ***** ********* ‘****’ is **** **** ******** stuff.

********, ****** ***** ** joining **** **** **** one ** *** **** restrictive **** ***** ***** prohibit ****** *********** ** "privately ***** ********** *** spaces ********** ** *** public".

********’* ******* ****** *********** Proposal **** *** **** From *******, ***********, ******, and ****

********** ***** , *** that ***** ** ** said.

******** ***** ,

******: ********, ****** *** passed **** ***** ** reporting ** ** *** "********" *** "********" **** *** *** as ** ********* *** only **********/****** ***** *** also *** ** ****** facing ********** ("******* ******** ** ****** of ****** *************"). *** ********** *** is *** ** ****** and *** ******* ******** ban ****** ** ******* 1, ****.

***** ** ************: *********** ****** **** in *** *********** - an *** *******

UPDATE: 15 members of Congress - all Democrats - *** ******** **************** *********** *** ********* Technology ********** ***. ** **** *****, Fight *** *** ****** has ************** **********.

IPVM Image

******: ********, ******* *** ****** ****** *** ***** ********** facial *********** *****. *'** added ** ** *** list ** **** ******* and **** **** ****** as **** ******/********** *** the ****.

*** *****, *** ******** is ********. **** *** changed? ****!

* ******* ** *** right ** ******** *** we **** **** ****** to ********* ***** **** commit ****** ******* ***** citizens. ******* ******* *** a **** ****** **** can ******* **** *****, pictures, ***…. ** **** and *****. *** **** to **** ****** **** and *** **** ***********. I **** ***** **** on **** **** ***.

****** *********** ** *** only * *********, ** helps *******. ** ** want ** ** **** China ** ******* ** facial ***********, **. *******, there ** * *** to ******** ***** *** that **** ******.

**** ******* ***** *** I **** ****, *** t *** ****** ****** in * ***** **** for ****** ***********. **** say ** ****** *** foot, ****** **** *** more. "*** ******* **** that"

***** ****** *********** ** court *** *** **** very ********** *** ** the **** ******, ****** every ****** **** ** a ***, ( **** will ****** *** **** it ** *** **** ) ***** *** ** lens *** ***** ******** by **** ***** ****, now * ****, ***…..

* **** ******* ***** that *** ********** **** mini **** *** ** downward **** *** **** too *** *** ******* on *** ****. ***, more **** *** **** do *** ***.

*** *** ********** ****** ** *** US ********** ******* *** export ******* ** ****** recognition **** ** * to **** ************, *.*., video ************, ******:

*** *** ***** ********* specific *************** ** *** U.S. ********** ** ******** for ******** *** ****** of ****** *********** ******* in ******** *****. ********** with *** **** **** year *** ********* **********, we **** ********* **** the ******** ************ ** placed ** *** **** and *** ***** **** pose *** ******** **** of ******** ****.

Read this IPVM report for free.

This article is part of IPVM's 6,728 reports, 907 tests and is only available to members. To get a one-time preview of our work, enter your work email to access the full article.

Already a member? Login here | Join now
Loading Related Reports