Door Fundamentals For Access Control Guide

By Brian Rhodes, Published Aug 24, 2020, 11:06am EDT (Info+)

Doors vary greatly in how difficult and costly it is to add electronic access control. Bad assumptions about them can cost thousands.

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Often the door is inadequately or inaccurately described resulting in avoidable specification mistakes. In this note, we examine how to properly identify a type of opening using industry terms:

  • Leafs
  • Mullions
  • Frames
  • Lites and Transoms
  • Door Swing

And we examine common door types often used in access control:

  • Steel, Wood, and Glass Doors
  • Automatic Sliding Doors
  • Rollup Overhead Doors
  • Reading Door/Hardware Schedules

Common Door Components

While door sizes, shapes, and appearance may vary, commercial door openings typically contain the same features, elements, and pieces.

Basic door anatomy looks like this:

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Below sections clarify individual elements called out above.

*****

*** '****' ** *** **** ******** part ** * ****. * ****** door ** ***** ****** * '****', while * ******-****** ******* *** *** 'leaves'. ** ****** *****, ********* *** of *** '*****' ** **** ********** and ** ****** ** *****, ***** the ***** ****** ******. **** ** typically ****** *** '****** ****'.

********

********* '******' *** ********* ** * bar **** ******* ********** ******* **** called * '*******'. ******** *** ** permanently ******* ** **** ** *** frame ******** ** *** ** * removable ****, ***** *** ********* ****** into ***** ** ******* ************ ******* (and ******** *** ******** ** *** opening).

*** ******* ***** ***** * *** role ** ******** *** ****, ******* it ******** *** ******* **** *** companion **** ***** ********** ****** ******* into. **** ******** *** *** **** of * ****** **** *******, ******** rods **** ****** **** ******* **** the *** ** ****** ***** ** a **** *** ****.

******

*** ******** ** "******" ******* ******** used *** *** '*******':

  • ***** *** ******** *** ****** ********* used ** ********* ******, ******** ****** frames *** ********* ** ***** ** older *********.
  • *** '*******' ** *** ***** - or *** ***** ** ***** ** constructed ** ***** ********* ** ******* like *** ******** **** ** ***** it ** ********, *** **** ** door ** ** ******** ** *****, the ***** ** **** ****, *** the **** ** ****** ** ** designed ** **** ****.

*** ***** ***** ** ** ******* of *** **** ***** ***** ******** used ** ********** ********:

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*** ***** ******* *** ****** *** type ** **** **** ** ****** the ****, ********** ** *** ***** profile **** *** ****** ****** ********* to ****** ** ***** *** **** within *** *****, ** ** ****** with******** *******.

**** ********** ***** *** * '****** rabbet' ***** *******, ******** **** ********* also *** '****** ******' *** '****** egress' ****** ************.

**** ** * ****** **** ** standard ***** ******* ******** *** *** way **** *** ********** ** **** mounting ************:

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*** ***** *** ********** ** * frame, ********** *** '****' *****, *** impact *** **** ***** *** ****** control ******* ****************** ******** *********** *********, ** *** ******* ** run ** ******* **** *******. **** specifying ********** ******* ** ******* ******* from ******, **** **** **** ****** room *** *** ****** *** *** device ****** ****** ****** *** *****.

Exit *******

**** ****** '***** ****' ** '***** bars', ***** ********** ***** *** **** to ** ***** **** ** ******* on *** ********** ***** ***. **** type ** **** ** *** ** the **** ****** **** ******** ** interface **** ****** *******, *** ***** use ** ***** ********* *********** ********* *****.

*** ****, *** ******* ******* *** ****** ******* ************ ***** ** **-***** **** ** the *********.

Lites *** ********

‘*****’ *** ‘********’ ***** ** *** pieces ** ***** ****** ** ******** to *** **** **** ******. ** is * ****** ******* ** **** a ****-****** ***** ********* ********* ** entry ****. ***** ******** *** ********* to **** *** ** *** ******* they *** ******* ****** ******* ******** like **** **** ** *** ******** options ** ***** **** ********.

****'* ** *******:

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Door *****

*** ********* * **** ****** *** greatly ****** **** ******** *********. ***** are **** ***** **** * **** can *****, *** ******* *** ** properly ******** ** ** ******** **** designing ****** ******* ******* *** ******** door ********.

******** *** ********** ** **** ***** swing ** **** ******** ****:

  • ***** ****
  • **** ****
  • ***** **** *******
  • **** **** *******

*** *********** ** ***** ***** *** best ********* **** ********. *** ****** below **** *** **** *****:

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********** **** ***** ********, *** ****** door ***** *** ** * ****** mistake ****** *** ** ******** ************ or * ******** **** *** ** exposed ***** ******. *** ****, *** our**** ***** ************.

Type ** *****

** *******, **** **** ** ***** to ********** *** ************ ** *** door *** *** ******* ******* ** may ******* (** ** ***** **** doors, ***.).

*** *******, ******** *** ******** ******* a **** ****** *** *** ***** of * **** **** * **** read. **** *** ***** ** *** door **** ** ******* *** *** card ****** ** **** ***** ***** scanning * ****? ***** * **** reader ******* ** *** **** ***** itself ** **** * ****** **** range **** *** ******* ****** ** use?

* ***-***** *********** ** ********* ****** the ****** *** ************ ****** ** implementing ** ****** ******* ******, ********** in *** *** ****** ******* ****** impacts *** ********* ** *** ****.

Steel *****

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** *** ********** ************* ******, '******-**** steel *****' *** '***** ******' *** a ******** *******. **** ****** ********** doors **** **** **** ********; *** products *** ********* *********** ** ** - ** ***** ***** ******** *** then ***, ******, *** ****** **** assemblies. ‘****** ****’ ********* * ***** shell **** * ***** *********** ** polystyrene ********* ****.

***** ***** ******* * **** ***** medium ** **** * ******* ** security ******** ****. *******, **** **** the ********* ******* *** ********* ** different ***** ** ******** *** ****** the **** *** ****** ** * structurally ************ *******. *** *******, **** sure **** ******** *** ******* **** 'thru-bolts' *** *** **** ******* *******.

***** * ***** **** ****** *** mounting ******* ***********, **** *** ****** in ******* *********** ** ********** ******* and ****** ******* *******. ** *** intent ** ** ******* ** ** open **** * **** ****, **** sure **** ** ******** ********** ****** (ie - ************ **** ******) ******** this ******.

Wood *****

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'**** ******', ** '***** **** ****' doors *** **** **** ******, ********** in ************* *** ********* *********. *** term ** ****-***********; ******* ** * hollow-core ***** ****, *** ******** ** wood ** **** ****** ** **** in *** *****. ***** ***** ** doors *** ***** ******** ********* ** steel ******.

******* ******** ******** **** ******** ** wood ***** *** ********* ** ***********. Not **** *** ***** ******** ********** sensitive ** ****** **** **** ******* and **** *****-**** *** *** ****** door ****** **** '****' ********* ** environmental ********* **** **** *** ********. Because ** ****, ******* **** ****** be ***** ** ***** ******** ** that ** **** ****** ******** *******, i.e. - * **** *************** **** is ********.

Glass *****

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***** *****, ********* ******** ** *********** by ******** ***** ‘*********’, *** **** common ** *************** *********** ******** **** storefronts ** **** ******* **** ******** structures. ***** ***** ** ***** ******* present ******** *********** ** ******** *************, and *** ** *** **** *****, or *********, ******* ***** ***** **** must ** ***** ** ****** *** constraints ** ******** *** *********** ** hardware ** **** **********.

***** ***** ** ***** *** ********** costly ** ****** ** *** ***** if ********** **********. ***** *****, *** glass **** ** *** ****** ************* to *********** *** ***** **** ******** and ******. ****** **** *** ***** and ****** ** ***** ***** ** understood **** ****** **** ******** **** working **** ****. ******** ***** *** ****** ******* *********** **** ** **** ***** ********* combo.

*************** ***** *** **** ******** **** in ***** ***** ****** **** *******. A ******* ** ******* ******* *** this: ***** ***** *** **** ******* counts *** ******* *** **** ********** to ******** **** *************** *****, *** it ** ********* ** '****' *** strike ** **** * *** **** is ************* ********.

Automatic ******* *****

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******* **** ** ********** ******* ******** for **** ****** ********** *** ******* doors, ***** ** ******** ***** **** leaves ********* ****** **** ***** **** in ** ***. ** **** *******, these ***** ** ***** *** ********, maintained, *** ********* ** ********* ******* like******* *********** **** ********* ******* ********* *** them, *** *********** **** **** ****** often ******** * ***** ****** **** those *********.

******* ** *** ********** ** *********** these *****, ******** ****** **** ***** time ** ****** ********** ****** **** also ***** ** ******** ** ****** door ********** **************.

Overhead/Rollup *****

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*******, *********** ******** ***** *** ******** connected ** ********** ****** *** ******* or ******* **** ************. ** **** cases, *** **** ******** **** ****** into * **** * ******** ** the ****** ** *** ******** ****.

******* *** ****** ** *** **** is *** * ******** ****, *** arrangement ** ******** ********** (**: **** position ********) ******* *********** ******** ********* like ***** ********. *** *** ****** types *** ********* ********* ** *****, and **** *** ************ **** ***** to ******, ***** ***** ********* ***** may ******* ***** *********** ****** ** ensure ***** *** ******** ****** ******* actions *** *********.

Reading ****/******** *********

*** ******** ****** ** ********** ****, frame, *** **** ******* *** **** via ********* **** *** **** ** drawing ****. *******, ** * **** complete ** '***%' *** ** **********, a ***** ******* * ***** ** door ******* *** ********* ***** ** included.

*** '********' ** ********* * ***********-***** breakdown ** *** **** *******, ********** components ** ******* *** ****** ***** in * *** ** **********. ** example ********* ** *** **** ******** looks **** ****:

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**** **** ********* ****** ******* ******* like '******** ***', ***** ********* ******** lock *******, *** ** ********* ****** into * ****. ************ ** ******* using * ****'* **** ******** ** the **** ******, *** ***** *** require *****-******** ******** **** ****** *** pages.

*** ****** ******** **** ***** ***** shows *** *** ****** *********** **** is ***** ** * ********* *****, often **** **** ************* ********* ********* views ** *** ****** ***** ** the ********:

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*** ************* *** ******* *** ******** and ************ (**** ***********), *** *** only ****** ** *** ***** **** is ******** ** *** ***-******* ******** spreadsheet, ** *********** ******* **** ** a ****** *****.

Comments (3)

* ************* ****** ** ** ****** control ****, *** *****, *********....

Agree: 2
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Funny

* ************* ****** ** ** ****** control ****, *** *****, *********.

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

** ****** ***** **** ******* ********, if *** ********* ********, *** ** costly. ** * ******* *******, *'** run **** ******** *********** ***** * sales ****** ****** **** ***, ** even ** ****** ** ************ ** a ****. *******, ****** *** ******** can ** **** ***, * **** the *********** ** ****** ** *** flag **. ** *** *************, ********** on *****, *** *********. *** ** takes ** *** ********** **** ** put *** ************ **** *** ***. Change ****** *** *****, *** **** you **** ** ***** ** *** first *****, ********'* **** **** *****.

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