Door Fundamentals For Access Control Guide

By: Brian Rhodes, Published on Aug 24, 2020

Doors vary greatly in how difficult and costly it is to add electronic access control. Bad assumptions about them can cost thousands.

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Often the door is inadequately or inaccurately described resulting in avoidable specification mistakes. In this note, we examine how to properly identify a type of opening using industry terms:

  • Leafs
  • Mullions
  • Frames
  • Lites and Transoms
  • Door Swing

And we examine common door types often used in access control:

  • Steel, Wood, and Glass Doors
  • Automatic Sliding Doors
  • Rollup Overhead Doors
  • Reading Door/Hardware Schedules

Common Door Components

While door sizes, shapes, and appearance may vary, commercial door openings typically contain the same features, elements, and pieces.

Basic door anatomy looks like this:

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Below sections clarify individual elements called out above.

*****

*** '****' ** *** main ******** **** ** a ****. * ****** door ** ***** ****** a '****', ***** * double-doored ******* *** *** 'leaves'. ** ****** *****, sometimes *** ** *** 'leafs' ** **** ********** and ** ****** ** place, ***** *** ***** swings ******. **** ** typically ****** *** '****** leaf'.

********

********* '******' *** ********* by * *** **** running ********** ******* **** called * '*******'. ******** can ** *********** ******* as **** ** *** frame ******** ** *** be * ********* ****, which *** ********* ****** into ***** ** ******* unauthorized ******* (*** ******** the ******** ** *** opening).

*** ******* ***** ***** a *** **** ** securing *** ****, ******* it ******** *** ******* that *** ********* **** locks ********** ****** ******* into. **** ******** *** not **** ** * double **** *******, ******** rods **** ****** **** latches **** *** *** or ****** ***** ** a **** *** ****.

******

*** ******** ** "******" include ******** **** *** its '*******':

  • ***** *** ******** *** common ********* **** ** construct ******, ******** ****** frames *** ********* ** found ** ***** *********.
  • *** '*******' ** *** frame - ** *** shape ** ***** ** constructed ** ***** ********* on ******* **** *** adjacent **** ** ***** it ** ********, *** type ** **** ** is ******** ** *****, the ***** ** **** door, *** *** **** of ****** ** ** designed ** **** ****.

*** ***** ***** ** an ******* ** *** most ***** ***** ******** used ** ********** ********:

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*** ***** ******* *** impact *** **** ** lock **** ** ****** the ****, ********** ** the ***** ******* **** not ****** ****** ********* to ****** ** ***** the **** ****** *** frame, ** ** ****** with******** *******.

**** ********** ***** *** a '****** ******' ***** profile, ******** **** ********* also *** '****** ******' and '****** ******' ****** sporadically.

**** ** * ****** look ** ******** ***** profile ******** *** *** way **** *** ********** in **** ******** ************:

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*** ***** *** ********** of * *****, ********** the '****' *****, *** impact *** **** ***** for ****** ******* ******* like************** ******** *********** *********, ** *** cabling ** *** ** devices **** *******. **** specifying ********** ******* ** hanging ******* **** ******, make **** **** ****** room *** *** ****** and *** ****** ****** exists ****** *** *****.

Exit *******

**** ****** '***** ****' or '***** ****', ***** components ***** *** **** to ** ***** **** by ******* ** *** mechanical ***** ***. **** type ** **** ** one ** *** **** common **** ******** ** interface **** ****** *******, and ***** *** ** often ********* *********** ********* *****.

*** ****, *** ******* ******* *** ****** Control ************ ***** ** **-***** look ** *** *********.

Lites *** ********

‘*****’ *** ‘********’ ***** to *** ****** ** glass ****** ** ******** to *** **** **** itself. ** ** * common ******* ** **** a ****-****** ***** ********* adjoining ** ***** ****. These ******** *** ********* to **** *** ** the ******* **** *** provide ****** ******* ******** like **** **** ** the ******** ******* ** items **** ********.

****'* ** *******:

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Door *****

*** ********* * **** swings *** ******* ****** door ******** *********. ***** are **** ***** **** a **** *** *****, and ******* *** ** properly ******** ** ** critical **** ********* ****** control ******* *** ******** door ********.

******** *** ********** ** have ***** ***** ** four ******** ****:

  • ***** ****
  • **** ****
  • ***** **** *******
  • **** **** *******

*** *********** ** ***** types *** **** ********* with ********. *** ****** below **** *** **** types:

********** **** ***** ********, not ****** **** ***** can ** * ****** mistake ****** *** ** improper ************ ** * security **** *** ** exposed ***** ******. *** more, *** ******* ***** ************.

Type ** *****

** *******, **** **** be ***** ** ********** the ************ ** *** door *** *** ******* ratings ** *** ******* (ie ** ***** **** doors, ***.).

*** *******, ******** *** distance ******* * **** reader *** *** ***** of * **** **** a **** ****. **** the ***** ** *** door **** ** ******* for *** **** ****** to **** ***** ***** scanning * ****? ***** a **** ****** ******* on *** **** ***** itself ** **** * longer **** ***** **** the ******* ****** ** use?

* ***-***** *********** ** important ****** *** ****** and ************ ****** ** implementing ** ****** ******* system, ********** ** *** the ****** ******* ****** impacts *** ********* ** the ****.

Steel *****

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** *** ********** ************* market, '******-**** ***** *****' and '***** ******' *** a ******** *******. **** access ********** ***** **** into **** ********; *** products *** ********* *********** of ** - ** gauge ***** ******** *** then ***, ******, *** welded **** **********. ‘****** core’ ********* * ***** shell **** * ***** composition ** *********** ********* core.

***** ***** ******* * good ***** ****** ** hang * ******* ** security ******** ****. *******, over **** *** ********* hanging *** ********* ** different ***** ** ******** can ****** *** **** and ****** ** * structurally ************ *******. *** example, **** **** **** maglocks *** ******* **** 'thru-bolts' *** *** **** surface *******.

***** * ***** **** allows *** ******** ******* accessories, **** *** ****** in ******* *********** ** mechanical ******* *** ****** control *******. ** *** intent ** ** ******* is ** **** **** a **** ****, **** sure **** ** ******** mechanical ****** (** - deadlatching **** ******) ******** this ******.

Wood *****

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'**** ******', ** '***** core ****' ***** *** also **** ******, ********** in ************* *** ********* buildings. *** **** ** self-explanatory; ******* ** * hollow-core ***** ****, *** composed ** **** ** wood ****** ** **** in *** *****. ***** types ** ***** *** still ******** ********* ** steel ******.

******* ******** ******** **** maglocks ** **** ***** can ********* ** ***********. Not **** *** ***** finishes ********** ********* ** damage **** **** ******* and **** *****-**** *** the ****** **** ****** will '****' ********* ** environmental ********* **** **** and ********. ******* ** that, ******* **** ****** be ***** ** ***** hardware ** **** ** will ****** ******** *******, i.e. - * **** electromagnetic **** ** ********.

Glass *****

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***** *****, ********* ******** to *********** ** ******** brand ‘*********’, *** **** common ** *************** *********** openings **** *********** ** main ******* **** ******** structures. ***** ***** ** doors ******* ******* ******** constraints ** ******** *************, and *** ** *** thin *****, ** *********, opening ***** ***** **** must ** ***** ** ensure *** *********** ** movement *** *********** ** hardware ** **** **********.

***** ***** ** ***** are ********** ****** ** modify ** *** ***** if ********** **********. ***** times, *** ***** **** be *** ****** ************* to *********** *** ***** like ******** *** ******. Making **** *** ***** and ****** ** ***** doors ** ********** **** ensure **** ******** **** working **** ****. ******** ***** *** ****** Control *********** **** ** **** often ********* *****.

*************** ***** *** **** commonly **** ** ***** doors ****** **** *******. A ******* ** ******* account *** ****: ***** doors *** **** ******* counts *** ******* *** more ********** ** ******** than *************** *****, *** it ** ********* ** 'hide' *** ****** ** such * *** **** is ************* ********.

Automatic ******* *****

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******* **** ** ********** opening ******** *** **** volume ********** *** ******* doors, ***** ** ******** moves **** ****** ********* rather **** ***** **** in ** ***. ** many *******, ***** ***** of ***** *** ********, maintained, *** ********* ** specialty ******* *********** *********** **** ********* ******* contracts *** ****, *** integrating **** **** ****** often ******** * ***** effort **** ***** *********.

******* ** *** ********** in *********** ***** *****, critical ****** **** ***** time ** ****** ********** points **** **** ***** be ******** ** ****** door ********** **************.

Overhead/Rollup *****

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*******, *********** ******** ***** are ******** ********* ** electronic ****** *** ******* or ******* **** ************. In **** *****, *** door ******** **** ****** into * **** * fraction ** *** ****** of *** ******** ****.

******* *** ****** ** the **** ** *** a ******** ****, *** arrangement ** ******** ********** (ie: **** ******** ********) require *********** ******** ********* like ***** ********. *** all ****** ***** *** automatic ********* ** *****, and **** *** ************ bolt ***** ** ******, while ***** ********* ***** may ******* ***** *********** delays ** ****** ***** are ******** ****** ******* actions *** *********.

Reading ****/******** *********

*** ******** ****** ** expressing ****, *****, *** lock ******* *** **** via ********* **** *** part ** ******* ****. Usually, ** * **** complete ** '***%' *** of **********, * ***** showing * ***** ** door ******* *** ********* views ** ********.

*** '********' ** ********* a ***********-***** ********* ** all **** *******, ********** components ** ******* *** easily ***** ** * set ** **********. ** example ********* ** *** door ******** ***** **** this:

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**** **** ********* ****** control ******* **** '******** set', ***** ********* ******** lock *******, *** ** condensed ****** **** * note. ************ ** ******* using * ****'* **** schedule ** *** **** method, *** ***** *** require *****-******** ******** **** sheets *** *****.

*** ****** ******** **** sheet ***** ***** *** the ****** *********** **** is ***** ** * floorplan *****, ***** **** with ************* ********* ********* views ** *** ****** doors ** *** ********:

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*** ************* *** ******* for ******** *** ************ (like ***********), *** *** only ****** ** *** sheet **** ** ******** is *** ***-******* ******** spreadsheet, ** *********** ******* them ** * ****** skill.

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