Comprehensive Surveillance Cabling Guide

By: Brian Rhodes, Published on Dec 17, 2014

Surveillance cabling seems mundane, yet is a critical topic. A system with the best equipment can still be a failure if the network connecting it is shoddy or not properly installed, while carefully designed and installed cable can potentially be used for decades.

In this guide, we assemble important IPVM cable posts in one spot as a reference for designers, installers, and specifiers to brush up on guidelines for successful security networks. 

Understanding the Options

When it comes to networking cameras, Category 5/5e cabling is tops. However, these requirements are often misstated, misunderstood, and clouded in confusing terminology. The selections below describe the differences between common ethernet cable grades, how they are terminated, and the difference in how they are shielded:

Architectural Design Impacts 

Of the hundreds of ways to cable cameras, the building itself often further dictates which type of cable to use.  Failure to observe the areas where cable is run can create serious hazards, result in performance issues, or drive needless costs:

Installation

Get Notified of Video Surveillance Breaking News
Get Notified of Video Surveillance Breaking News

Running cable right is important to prevent costly troubleshooting and inflating the risk of damage. Whether running cable through walls, under ground, and then checking them to ensure nothing was damaged in the process, the updates below cover cable install basics:

Using What's Already Installed

In many cases, older surveillance systems are already installed. Making use of existing cabling is a potential cost saver for network cameras, even if it is 'analog' coax or simple UTP:

Long Distance Challenges

Not all cameras can be connected to a switch less than 300 feet away. Many IP cameras need to be run hundreds, even thousands of meters away from the nearest network closet.  Whether it is hanging cameras in a large building or throughout a huge parking lot, cabling requirements change over long distances:

Fiber Optics

Finally, for situations dealing with extreme distances measuring kM or miles, or where high-bandwidth capacity backbones are needed, glass fiber is required. While the average surveillance installer may be intimidated by the particulars of fiber optics, many products are available to make it easier to design and installer glass fiber networks:

Comments (4) : Members only. Login. or Join.

Related Reports

Network Cabling for Video Surveillance on Jan 15, 2020
In this guide, we explain the fundamentals of network cabling for video...
Drain Wire For Access Control Reader Tutorial on Sep 23, 2020
An easy-to-miss cabling specification plays a key role in access control, yet...
Converged vs Dedicated Networks For Surveillance Tutorial on Feb 12, 2020
Use the existing network or deploy a new one? This is a critical choice in...
Remote Network Access for Video Surveillance Guide on Jul 27, 2020
Remotely accessing surveillance systems is key in 2020, with more and more...
BICSI For IP Video Surveillance Guide on Feb 11, 2020
Spend enough time around networks and eventually someone will mention BICSI,...
Free Online NFPA, IBC, and ADA Codes and Standards 2020 on Sep 03, 2020
Finding applicable codes for security work can be a costly task, with printed...
Vehicle Gate Access Control Guide on Mar 19, 2020
Vehicle gate access control demands integrating various systems to keep...
Vulnerability Directory For Access Credentials on Feb 20, 2020
Knowing which access credentials are insecure can be difficult to see,...
Door Fundamentals For Access Control Guide on Aug 24, 2020
Doors vary greatly in how difficult and costly it is to add electronic access...
Network Cable Usage Statistics 2020 (Cat 5e vs Cat 6 vs Cat 6a) on Sep 02, 2020
Integrators are split between using Cat 5e, 6, and 6a but 2 of them have...
IP Networking Course Fall 2020 - Last Chance - Register Now on Sep 23, 2020
Today is the last chance to register for the only IP networking course...
AHJ / Authority Having Jurisdiction Tutorial on Aug 06, 2020
One of the most powerful yet often underappreciated characters in all...
Bandwidth Fundamentals For Video Surveillance on Jan 13, 2020
Bandwidth is the most fundamental element of computer networking for video...
IR Surveillance Camera Guide on Feb 06, 2020
Integrated infrared (IR) cameras are everywhere in 2020, but not all IR is...
Video Surveillance Architecture 101 on Feb 18, 2020
Video surveillance can be designed and deployed in a number of ways. This 101...

Recent Reports

Temperature Tablet Shootout - Dahua, Hikvision, ZKTeco, TVT + 5 More on Sep 30, 2020
Temperature tablets, aka terminal or stations, have emerged as a 'low-cost...
New Products Show Fall 2020 Tomorrow Bosch, FLIR, Hanwha, Tyco, Avigilon More! on Sep 30, 2020
IPVM's sixth online show concludes tomorrow with our special temperature...
ButterflyMX Raises $35 Million on Sep 30, 2020
Startup ButterflyMX has raised $35 million for its smartphone based intercom...
Worst Access Control Manufacturers 2020 on Sep 30, 2020
200+ Integrators told IPVM "In the past year, what access control...
Access Control Levels and Schedules Tutorial on Sep 29, 2020
Configuring access levels and setting up schedules is central to maintaining...
Avigilon / Motorola VS Virtual ISC West on Sep 29, 2020
ISC West has historically been so dominant that no player would think of...
Dartmouth College Deploys K3 Temperature Screening on Sep 29, 2020
While Dartmouth College has a $6+ billion endowment, the College has bought...
Hanwha AI Object Detection Tested on Sep 28, 2020
Hanwha has added detection and classification of people, cars, clothing...
Favorite Access Control Manufacturers 2020 on Sep 28, 2020
200+ Integrators told IPVM "What is your favorite access control management...
OnTech Smart Services Partners With Google and Amazon To Compete With Integrators on Sep 25, 2020
A pain point for many homeowners to use consumer security and surveillance is...
The Future of Metalens For Video Surveillance Cameras - MIT / UMass / Immervision on Sep 25, 2020
Panoramic cameras using 'fisheye' lens have become commonplace in video...
Hikvision Sues Over Brazilian Airport Loss on Sep 24, 2020
Hikvision was excluded from a Brazilian airport project because it is owned...
China General Chamber of Commerce Calls Out US Politics on Sep 24, 2020
While US-China relations are at an all-time low, optimism about relations...
Verkada Disruptive Embedded Live Help on Sep 24, 2020
Call up your integrator? Have someone come by the next day? Verkada is...
IP Networking Course Fall 2020 - Last Chance - Register Now on Sep 23, 2020
Today is the last chance to register for the only IP networking course...