Comprehensive Surveillance Cabling Guide

Author: Brian Rhodes, Published on Dec 17, 2014

Surveillance cabling seems mundane, yet is a critical topic. A system with the best equipment can still be a failure if the network connecting it is shoddy or not properly installed, while carefully designed and installed cable can potentially be used for decades.

In this guide, we assemble important IPVM cable posts in one spot as a reference for designers, installers, and specifiers to brush up on guidelines for successful security networks.

Understanding the Options

When it comes to networking cameras, Category 5/5e cabling is tops. However, these requirements are often misstated, misunderstood, and clouded in confusing terminology. The selections below describe the differences between common ethernet cable grades, how they are terminated, and the difference in how they are shielded:

Architectural Design Impacts

Of the hundreds of ways to cable cameras, the building itself often further dictates which type of cable to use. Failure to observe the areas where cable is run can create serious hazards, result in performance issues, or drive needless costs:

Installation

Get Video Surveillance News In Your Inbox
Get Video Surveillance News In Your Inbox

Running cable right is important to prevent costly troubleshooting and inflating the risk of damage. Whether running cable through walls, under ground, and then checking them to ensure nothing was damaged in the process, the updates below cover cable install basics:

Using What's Already Installed

In many cases, older surveillance systems are already installed. Making use of existing cabling is a potential cost saver for network cameras, even if it is 'analog' coax or simple UTP:

Long Distance Challenges

Not all cameras can be connected to a switch less than 300 feet away. Many IP cameras need to be run hundreds, even thousands of meters away from the nearest network closet. Whether it is hanging cameras in a large building or throughout a huge parking lot, cabling requirements change over long distances:

Fiber Optics

Finally, for situations dealing with extreme distances measuring kM or miles, or where high-bandwidth capacity backbones are needed, glass fiber is required. While the average surveillance installer may be intimidated by the particulars of fiber optics, many products are available to make it easier to design and installer glass fiber networks:

1 report cite this report:

IP Networking Course Fall 2015 (CLOSED) on Oct 08, 2015
This is the only networking course designed specifically for video surveillance professionals. The next IP Networking for Video Surveillance...
Comments (5): PRO Members only. Login. or Join.

Related Reports

IP Networking Course January 2017 on Dec 08, 2016
This is the only networking course designed specifically for video surveillance professionals plus it includes live training, personal help and...
Power Drill Selection Guide on Dec 06, 2016
Boring holes is a basic part of running cables for most security system projects. To do so, you will need to choose the right drills for various...
CODEC Guide 2016 on Nov 30, 2016
CODECs are core to surveillance, with names like H.264, H.265, and MJPEG commonly cited. How do they work? Why should you use them? What issues may...
Selecting Wood Drill Bits For Installers on Nov 29, 2016
Running cables through studs is common for roughing in residential and some older commercial installs. To do this, you will need to drill holes in...
Cut Install Time 50% Claims Magdaddy on Nov 21, 2016
Modern commercial buildings frequently use open web steel joists that makes running cabling very challenging. Cables need to be run near to but not...
Guide To Selecting And Using Ladders on Nov 15, 2016
Ladders are one of the most important pieces of worksite equipment for the surveillance technician. Too often, however, even highly experienced...
Bidding Divisions (08, 26, 27, 28) For Security Systems Guide on Oct 27, 2016
Navigating the world of system specifications and bidding work can be complex and confusing, but a standard format exists, and understanding it...
Bosch First Starlight 1080p Camera Tested on Oct 13, 2016
Bosch has released their first 'Starlight' 1080p camera, the Flexidome IP starlight 7000 VR. We tested this new dome against competitive super low...
Register Access Control Course Fall 2016 on Oct 06, 2016
Register now Fall 2016 Access Control Course. IPVM offers the most comprehensive access control course in the industry. Unlike manufacturer...
Intrusion Motion Sensors Tutorial on Oct 04, 2016
Motion sensors are one of the most common, and most useful alarm sensors, but they also often cause problems. Many motion sensors types exist and...

Most Recent Industry Reports

Knightscope - $122,509 Revenue, $2.5 Million Loss Seeks $20 Million Investment on Dec 09, 2016
The robot that ran over a child, Knightscope, wants money and they need it. Investors can invest as little as $1,000 to participate and...
The Russian SMP Security Robot on Dec 08, 2016
A Russian manufacturer, SMP, has a commercially available outdoor security robot, at a lower price and with much less marketing than their main...
How Hikvision Beats Its OEMs on Dec 08, 2016
Hikvision GM declared that they are not aggressive with their competitors. But some of their own OEM partners disagree. Inside, we reveal a key...
Dahua Discontinuing H.264 Only Products on Dec 08, 2016
Dahua has taken a stand for H.265 and is discontinuing its H.264 only products. We examine the shakeup inside this...
IP Networking Course January 2017 on Dec 08, 2016
This is the only networking course designed specifically for video surveillance professionals plus it includes live training, personal help and...
Hikvision vs Dahua Mobile Apps Tested on Dec 07, 2016
With smartphone use and low-cost video recorders surging, many user's main interface to their surveillance system is their phone. With mobile video...
Paxton Drops US Reps, Plans Major Expansion on Dec 07, 2016
Paxton is gearing up to make a big run at  US access control success. The first step they have made is to cut all US Rep Firms, in anticipation of...
Axis Partner Elder Care Video Analytics (Smartervision) on Dec 07, 2016
Can video analytics be used to improve the care of the elderly? Axis and a video analytics startup, Smartervision, are working together to do so....
Sony IP Camera Backdoor Uncovered on Dec 06, 2016
A backdoor has been uncovered in ~80 Sony IP camera models, attackers can remotely enable telnet on the camera, and then potentially login as root,...

The world's leading video surveillance information source, IPVM provides the best reporting, testing and training for 10,000+ members globally. Dedicated to independent and objective information, we uniquely refuse any and all advertisements, sponsorship and consulting from manufacturers.

About | FAQ | Contact