Color Low Light Mega Camera Shootout - Avigilon, Axis, Bosch, Dahua, Hanwha, Hikvision, Panasonic, Speco, Sony, Vivotek

By: Ethan Ace and Derek Ward, Published on Nov 12, 2019

This is the biggest color low light shootout ever, testing 20+ super low light models from 10 manufacturers:

Increasingly, each manufacturer offers 'super' low light models, with marketing terms ranging from DarkFighter to ExtraLux toLightFinder to StarLight, etc.

We included these models ranging from 1080p to 4K resolution, low cost to high, to see how they compared to examine trends in color low light performance in 2019:

In this report we examine:

  • Which camera models perform best and worst overall?
  • How do cameras handle moving subjects?
  • How true are colors in low light?
  • How do static vs. motion details differ?
  • Do minimum illumination specifications reflect real world performance?
  • How does resolution impact performance?
  • Are more expensive cameras better?
  • What impact did manufacturer optimizations have on performance?

Here is a video overview of what we found:

**** ** *** ******* color *** ***** ******** ever, ******* **+ ***** low ***** ****** **** 10 *************:

************, **** ************ ****** 'super' *** ***** ******, with ********* ***** ******* from *********** ** ******** toLightFinder ** *********, ***.

** ******** ***** ****** ranging **** ***** ** 4K **********, *** **** to ****, ** *** how **** ******** ** examine ****** ** ***** low ***** *********** ** 2019:

** **** ****** ** examine:

  • ***** ****** ****** ******* best *** ***** *******?
  • *** ** ******* ****** moving ********?
  • *** **** *** ****** in *** *****?
  • *** ** ****** **. motion ******* ******?
  • ** ******* ************ ************** reflect **** ***** ***********?
  • *** **** ********** ****** performance?
  • *** **** ********* ******* better?
  • **** ****** *** ************ optimizations **** ** ***********?

**** ** * ***** overview ** **** ** found:

[***************]

Upcoming ***** *** *******

****: ** **** *** cameras ****** *** **** add ***** ***** *** light ****** ** **** report's ******** ** **** are ********. ************, ** have **** ******* ** getting ******* ***** ********* models *** **** **** a *****, **** *** supposed ** **** ******* and ** **** *** them ** **** ****** when ** ******* ****.

~1 *** *********** **********

**** ******* ********* **** in ~* *** ******, with *** **** *****-* best ******* ** *** tests, **** ****** ******* in ******, *** *****, and ****** ***** ********. The *****-*/* **** ** Q1798-E *** ***** *****-*** also ********* ****.

***** ************* ****** **** widely, **** **** *****, Hanwha, *** ********* ****** performing ***** ******* *** others *****.

*** ******* ************** ******* best *** ***** ******* in **** ***** *** facial ******* ** ****** subjects. ****** ********** **** as ****' *****-**/*****-* *** Avigilon's ** *** *** not ****** **** *********** blur, ******* ******* ******* details **** ******, ***** Panasonic, *** ***** *******, and ****** ******* *** subject ** ***********, ******** details.

<1 *** *********** **********

***** * ***, *** Hikvision *******'* ***** ***** illuminator ***** ** * significant *********, **** **** better ****** *** ***** fidelity. ****** ~* *** performers **** *** **** P1375-E *** *****-***, ** well ** *** ******** H4 ***, ******* **** worse ** **** *****, but ***** ******* **** usable ******* ******.

*** **** *****-**'* *********** drops **** ***********, **** the ***** **** **** at ~*.* *** *** no ****** ******* *******.

~2-5 ***: *********** *********** **** **** **********

** *** *******, *********** differences ** "******" *** light **** *****. *** example, ** * ***, the ***-********** ******* ** our **** (**** *****-* and *****-**) ******* ******* similar ** **** *****-******* models, *** ******* **** and ***** *******.

**** ******* **** ********** models **** ** *** Speco ***** *********** *** Sony ***** ******* ******* close ** *** ********** in **** *****. *** Sony ****** ***** ******* noise **** ****** *** still ******** ************ *******. Only *** ********* **-****** displays *********** ***** *******, with ********* ********* ********* the *******'* ****, ***** here:

******* ** ***** ************, we *** *** ******* weigh *-* *** ***********.

Best *** **** (

*** **** ***-**** ****** tested **** **** **** Hikvision, *****-*********-* ******* ******************** ****** ***** ****(~$*** *** ~$*** ******). The ******* ****** ********* well **** **** *** white ***** ****** *** and **, ********* ** more ****** *****.

***** ***-**** ****** **** as *** ***** "***** Color" ******* ******** ***** *************** ******** **** *********** blur *** ******** ****** on ****** *******, ******* their ****** ******.

Best **** ********** (***+)

*** **** ********** ****** resolution ****** **** *** 4K **** *****-** *** Avigilon ** *** **. The **** ****** ******** slightly ****** ****** ** moving ******* *** ***** colors **** *** ******** Pro.

**** **** **** ** cameras ** **** **** used ***** *******, **** as *" (**** ******), ***** */* (**** Q1798-LE ******** ****), ** ***-* (******** ** ********** *****). **** ********** ******-******** * **** ******** size ****** (*/*.*").

Results ****** *******

** ******** ******* ** this ******** ** * 1 **** *******. ******* can **** **** ********* here:

Hikvision ******* ***** ***** ************ *********

********* (**** *******) ** the **** ***** ********** manufacturer **** ********** ********** white ***** ************, ****** it **** ** ******* produce ***** ***** ****** cannot. *** *******, ** ~0.01 *** ** ** the **** ****** ***** provides ********* ****** ****** of *** *******, ***** others ******* ********* **** or ** ****** ******* images.

*******, ** ***** *********, ColorVu's ***** ***** ********* decreases. ** ~* ***, other ******* ******* ******* details ** *** ******* with **** **** ********, such ** *** *****-** below.

***** *******'* ***** ***** is ********** ** **** because ** **'* *****-** light, ** *** *** key ******:

  • ************: ** *** ***** levels, ******* *********** *** subject ** ***** *****. For *******, ** *** image ***** *** ***** is **** ***********, *** our ******* ******* *********** from ~**' *** ******, overexposing *** ******* ****** details.

  • *********** ******** ********: ***** those **** ****** ** no ******* ******** *** find ******* **********, ***** with ********* ****** ** strong ********* ******** *** find *** *****-** ***** light *** ***** *** annoying, ** ** ** not ** ******* ** typical ******* ****** *** likely *** ******* ***** lights ***** **.

Color *** ***** ****** ****

***** *** ***** ***** quality *** ******** ****** manufacturers ** *** **** several *****. *********** *** cameras ****** ******** ***** images ** ~* *** down ** ~* ***. ~1 *** *** ***** is ***** *********** ****** most, ********* ** *** individual ****** ********.

***** ** **** ****, there *** ******* ******* key ********:

  • Super *** ***** ** ****** *******: In 2019, "super low light" models are now common at all price ranges, with low cost fixed lens models from Dahua and Hikvision to high end larger imager models from Avigilon and Axis at ~$2,000+. What was once a rare high end feature is now found in a broad range of models.
  • Low ***** ***** ** *** ******* ***********: Based on tests of color low light cameras spec'd from 0.1 to 0.00022 lux, it is more clear than ever that minimum illumination ratings are meaningless. Cameras with "high" minimum illumination ratings ratings (i.e. 0.1 lux) frequently outperformed those claiming 0.005 lux or lower specs. Users should be skeptical of extreme minimum illumination specifications.
  • Resolution *** ******** *******: Camera resolution was not directly correlated to performance. For example, the Avigilon H4 Pro and Axis Q1798-LE tested above average, while Dahua and Vivotek 4K models were below average. Hikvision's 4MP ColorVu camera outperformed many other more expensive 1080p models, as well.

Newer **. ***** ****** ******

** *******, ***** ******* ********* better ** **** ********, with *** **** *****-** and *****-* (**** *********** 2), ********* ******* *** Performance ******, ******** ********* ******** ******** ** *** past ****.

*******, **** ***** ****** performed ****, ******************'* ** *** ******** *********'* ******** ****, **** ******** ** 2017.

************, **** *** ******, such ** *****'* ***** Color ******* ********* ****** in *** *****.

No ******* ******* ***** ******* ** ****** ** ***** ******

** *** *****, ** found **** *** ******* failed ** ******* ******** identifying ******* ** ******** walking ****** *** ***** of **** ** ****** speed. **** ******** ********* of ********, **** *** be ************, *** ******* subjects **** ********* ** identify.

** *** *****, ** camera ******** ***** *********** level ****** ****** ** this ********. *********** ** blur, *********, *** ***** were *******. *** **********, the ***** ***** ***** some ** *** ********* performers ** **** *****, the ******** ** ***, Axis *****-*, *** ********* ColorVu ****, **. ****** models, *** **** ****** and ********* **-******.

*** ******** ** *** 4K ****** *** *** strongest ********* ** **** scene, **** **** ****** motion **** ** *********, with ***** ****** ******* provided.

*** ********* **-****** *** the ******* ********* ** this *****, **** ***** artifacting *** ****, **** a ********** ******** ***** present ** *** ******* crosses *** *****. **** that **** **** ** due ** (*******) **** levels ** *** ******* in ********* ***** ****** smart *****, ******** ** our********* ***** ****** ****.

**** *** ****** **** also ******* ******* ** the ***** ***** ***********, shown ****, **** *** subject's ***** *** ***** body ******** **** *** background.

Subject *********** ****** / *********** *********** ********

******, ** ****** ****** with *** ******* *********** the ******. *********** ****** much **** ** **** scene, **** **** ******* identifying *** ******* *** others ******** ** ************.

** *** **** *****-**, the *******'* **** ** identifiable ********** *** *****. Minimal ******* ** ***** and **** *** ******* and *** ***** ** evenly *******.

** *** ***** ******, the *******'* **** ** blurred ** ***-***** *** beyond, *** *********** **** ~20' *** ******. ************, some ******** ****** *** present ****** *** ******* due ** ***.

***** ******* *********** **** combination ** **** ********, blur, *** ******** *****, as ****, **** ** the **** ****** *** Speco ***** ***********, ***** in ******** ** *** Q1798-LE *****.

*** ********** ***** ***** the ***-********** ****** ** this *****, *** **** Q1798-LE, ******** ** *** 4K, *** **** *****-*, which ******* ******* ****** of ************ *******, ****** the ***** **********, *** Panasonic **-****** *** ***** HF8242, ** ***** *** subject ** **************.

Color ******** ****** ***********

****, ** ****** **** cameras'***** ************* * **********-****** ************ *****.

** ~* ***, *** Q1798-LE ******** *** ****** colors ** ******* ******, with *******'* ****** *****. The ***** ******* *** Panasonic **-****** ********* ***** here, **** ************ ******* colors *** ****** ** grey.

** ***** *****, ******'* ExtraLux *** *** ***** HF8242 ******* *** **** accurate ******, ****** ***** increases **********. **** ****

Low ****** ***** *******

*******, ** ****** ** a ****** ***** ** see ***** ******* **** "brightest" ******* *** ********* images ** ***** *******, potentially ****** *** ***** who *** ******* *** detection **** ** ***** cameras ** ***** ****** where ******** **** **** and **** ** *** camera.

** ~* ***, *********** varies, **** ****, *****, and ******* ****** ********** much ******** ******* **** in ****** ******. *********'* 2725 *** *** ***** N45EM63 ********* ***** ** ~1 *** *** ** increased ***** *** ************ of *** **** *****.

Minimum ************ ***** ** *** ******* ****** ***********

** **** *** ******* out *** **** ****, ******* ************ ************** should *** ** ******* as ** ********* ******* of * ******'* *** light ***********. ** *** tests, *** ***** ******* had *** ****** ******* illumination ****, *.***** ***, but ** ******** **** more ***** *** ********* than ******, **** ****** images ** ******. ** contrast, *** **** *****-* lists * **** "************" 0.05 *** (****+ ******/'*****' than *****) *** ********* well *** ******, **** solid ******* ** ****** and ****** ***** ********.

Even **** ***** *** ***** *********** ******** ** *******

**** **** ***** ***** low ***** ****** *********** varied ****** ** **** test, **** ***** ********** below ******* ******* ****** details ** **** ****** than ***-***** *** ***** models.

*** *******, ** * ~1 *** *****, ****' M3045-V, ***** **** *** claim *********** ***** *** light, ******** ** ******* of *** ******* ** test *****, ***** **** of *** ***** ********** in **** ***** (**** and *****) ******* ***** details.

** ***** *****, ~*.* lux, *********** *** **** more ********** ** *** test ***** ** **** legible *** **** ***** in *** ***** *** light ****** **** *** M3045-V, **** ********* *** Speco **** ********* ****** detection ** *** *******, with **** ***** ****** detail ** *****.

Pricing / *********** *********

** **** ********, ******-****** cameras *** *** ************ mean ****** ***** *** light ***********. *** ******* best ****** ****** *** the **** *****-*, ***** sells ***~$*** *** ******.

* **** **** ** estimated ******/****** ***** ******** to ****** ** *****, listed **** ****** ** highest *****:

https://asana-user-private-us-east-1.s3.amazonaws.com/assets/1140387202437290/1149134837582527/3b3cc2147371f99f64c5126ad27939cf?X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Credential=ASIAV34L4ZY4MF5HMSF5%2F20191112%2Fus-east-1%2Fs3%2Faws4_request&X-Amz-Date=20191112T140738Z&X-Amz-Expires=120&X-Amz-Security-Token=IQoJb3JpZ2luX2VjEO7%2F%2F%2F%2F%2F%2F%2F%2F%2F%2FwEaCXVzLWVhc3QtMSJIMEYCIQChyclYqS63Ni8at%2FAXyXfQlgJc%2FRvfYFih7M4ZwZ507AIhALTzm5x4wV4FeUy2DuqijG9IpKIL595HrIcryZG2GDJAKtACCBcQABoMNDAzNDgzNDQ2ODQwIgxlIaNFbst2jh6ixUgqrQKnQL6AJbOv%2Bc1ypv0uofCJvQeqZTmywt43sxGpZiKr5bSqUf7N4vt5See2zCDRIv3bBoF12NR1k9I9KVGuz4DyUTERlwcmiR6tI5D8dOyUYaiCUGU%2B%2BYwFSVxepFC6b7qRE62LVWvXETnOdm533E9d6DDyCSKImHCBf56Jk%2BdOmFuYXouUnLfOC0qD1VvuadwD1Jx0sHLkfPeNlr%2FkAsyhVl89sZHvepBcz9J8GsyZshJ1aNZQMCo8JVKwJ8CFptyUVg21XE40sAn3uNmoVNe%2F59WfIIT%2BeMYUFNSGTf%2Fk35avnJmfWQZ8maohsdWV5bFrr6fi18AL3d9QIq%2FXl1YrUWz6tuNPLvIDLgHtZdjzp64EJ2OOQXc4AaNYX%2FuSjF76CJkh7DqwoztOpoB1MND2qu4FOs4CVDM6f15pX4Zze3vLf910hdVqVp7rPRbyZEVypwp5PdEvedad4iFqHgiIh6GTqL6HgKMFQr0xyrVwekpSO82MWhjUO9lK2U2x8Tx8ajcl%2FZMloKmVG2plT7D7yP%2BmcwO%2B6U0q94JKolm0H9codIGcWIaOAnfOG1ph2Im6PuYHztDJZFYVibJCIyw%2B1d4IdqSCih84SQoOcsp1j8mzj6kvEFF9UnmCJ78m5Qt1CVJTq%2FCPHZM%2BlEC%2F57Ive0TcUXsRfjn8oZsi4QqSWo2I2FbGc8tsnj%2FiEhNSAJtc4iY%2BVVvXQgwYORDvMj0IjwmKv%2BRAeOmEFRly6uILsxrV19wka0twpV2em%2BEvCAcuNm7Oms%2B%2FO6iWG35FUzmlPjZuxkvRuH2wrMtb%2BZaoDj4xFPhpuMZn%2FsDJoyqu3%2BE2wcKNURXZokTo%2FZcDgeqczEV4pQ%3D%3D&X-Amz-Signature=43fd3f99fa5699ac674f304e5446267137f9f7733dc882d9b4050acf34ad6212&X-Amz-SignedHeaders=host#_=_

Bitrate *** *********

*********** ******* ** **/* per *********, ********* *********** roughly ******* ******* ***********, with ****** ***** **** less ***** ********* ***** bitrates. **********, ***** ***** performed *****, **** **** artifacts *** *****, ******** higher ********.

Test ***********

** **** *******, ** judged ***** ** ******** criteria:

  • ******* ******** (**** *********):**** * ******* ******* across *** *****, ** examined ******* ****** ******* could ** ********* *** how **** **** *** artifacting **** *******.
  • ******* *********** (*********):**** *** ******* *********** the *******, ** ***** checked **** *** *********.
  • ***** ********, ~*.* *** ~1 ***:** ******* ***** ******** using * ******** ******* ColorChecker ***** ** * ~0.1 *** *****, ******** how **** ****** **** compared ** ********, *** whether *** ******** **** washed ***. ** ******* color ******** ***** ** ~1 ***, ********* ** less ******* ** ** is ****** *** **** models ******.
  • ****** *******, ~*.* *** ~1 *** (*** ******):*******, ** ****** ***** subject ******* ** ~* lux, **** *** ****** as ****** **** *** artifacts **** *** ****** due ** *** **** of ********.

Manufacturer ******** ******

******* **** ********* ****** using ******* ******** *** feedback **** ** ************* so ******** ***** ** changed ** ********. ** our *****, ***** ******** changes ********* ********* ** reducing ******** ******* ***** reduction ** ****** ****. However, *** ******** ** digital ***** ****** *** reduced ****, ********** *********** similar ******* ** *** cases.

Test **********

*** ****** *** ********* prior ** ******* **** a *** *********** ** standardize ******** **** **:

  • ******** *** *** ** a ******* ** */*** / ****
  • *********** *** ************ ** quantization ~**-**
  • *** ********/***

Firmware ******** ****

*** ********* ******** ******** were **** ** **** test:

  • ******** **-*****-*: *.**.*.***
  • ******** *.*-***-***-**: *.**.*.**
  • **** *****-*: *.**.*
  • **** *****-*: *.**.*.*
  • **** *****: *.**.*
  • **** *****-**: *.**.*.*
  • **** *****-***: *.**.*
  • **** *****-***: *.**.*
  • ***** ***-****-*: *.**.****
  • ***** ***-*****-***: *.**.****
  • ***** ***-********: *.***.*******.*.*
  • ***** *******: *.***.*******.*.*
  • ***** ***-*******-**: *.***.*******.*.*
  • ****** ***-*****: *.**.**
  • ****** ***-*****: *.**.**
  • ********* **-*********-*: **.*.**
  • ********* **-***********-***: **.*.**
  • ********* **-*********-****: **.*.**
  • ********* **-*********-****: **.*.*
  • ********* **-******: *.**
  • **** ***-******: *.*.*
  • ***** *****: *.*.*.*
  • ******* ******-****: *****
  • ******* ******-****: *****

Comments (60)

*****, *****, **** ****!

** * ********* *********** ******* ** ***** Marketing, ***** **** ******* show **** ********** ***** light ************, ***** *************** not *******, ******** ***** in **** **** ********* even ******* ***-********** ********* low-light *******.

***** ****** ****!

**** ** **** ***** IPVM ****** *** ***** the ************ *****!

***** *****! **** ** where *** **** *** at **** ****! *** needs * **** ***** or *************? **** ** to ******** *** **** me!!

* **** ******** **** the ******* **** 😉

*****...**** ** ** ****** and, "** *** ***** through ************!"

(**** *****'* **** *** same **** ** "**** me" *** **'* ********* heartland ******* *** ****)

**** ** *** *** do ****** ******. ** complete *** ******* *** also ****** ******* ******** bitrate ******, ****.

*** **** **** ** mean "******* ********"? ******* settings *****? ***** ******** did *** *** ** get ***** **** *******? Just * *** ****? Or **** *********** ********?

******* ******** ***** ******* for **** ************'* ******. We ****** **** ******** exposure ** **** **** nothing ***** *** **** shutter, ** ******* *** a *** ** */*** / ****.

** **** ***** *** recording ** **** ****, as ** ** *** most, ******* **'* ****** compatible *** *****'* ******** much **** *******' ******** as **** (*******/*********) *** more ***** ** **.

*****,

* ** *** **** about ***** *** *** example, *** ******** ** least **** *** *******/******* for *** ****** ****** it ***** *** ****** out. * ****** ***** does *** ****. *** it ***** ** ********* bitrate *** ********* ****** manufactures ***( **'* ** to ***** ******** *****). So ****** *** *** attention **** ***** **** not ****** ******** *********** for ***** ****** ( which *** ******** **) your **** ** ***** how ******* **** **** with ***** ************( *** in *******).

*'* **** ********* **** the **** *** **** done *** **** *** for *** **** ** constructive ***********.

**'* * **** ******* and **'* *** ** the ******* ** *** Exacq. *************** *** ****** ****** settings **** ****** *******. There *** **** **********, which **'** **** ********** years ** ******* **** it. *** **** **** it ******* ******* ** compression ******** ** ** you ******** ****** **** in *** ******.

*** ** **** *****, we **** ****** ***** settings *** **-***** ***** and ***** ******** ***** adding ** *** *** to *******.

******* ********: ** * turn *** *** ** Witness "************* ******** ********" option, **** ** ***** make ******* ** *** stream? ** *** ***** it ****'* **** ** but ******* ** *** a ********** ******.

** *** ****** ** off ** **** *** change * ****** ***** on *** ******.

* ** **** ******* like ****! **** ** mind ** *** **** do **** **** ** these ******* **** **** a **,******* **** ***, even **** * **** of * **** ***** people ******* ***** ** takes ****** ** *** this *** ********.

** ***** *****, **** time ******* ********* **** IPVM ****** *** **** about ***** ** ********, keep ** **** ***** China ** ******** ***** take * *** ***** (or ****) ** *****, this *** ***** * few ******.

**********. *** *** **** of ** **** ** the ******* ****** ** subscribe.

*****, * ** **** 'many' ****** ********* **** for ***** *** **** we **** ** **** people ****, ****** **** far **** ** *** business ********* ** ** seems **** '****' **** more ***** *** ******** reporting.

** ** *****, * am *** ******** *** or *** *****, ** are ****** ********* ** both, * ** ****** to **** ******* ********** the ******** ******** - the ******* **** ** doing **** ***** *** the **** ***** **** levels *** ****. *** I *** ** **** when ** ** ******** reports, *** ** **** this ** **** ** you *** ******* ** uninterested **** ***** *******.

***** ** ** ***** considering ** ******, ***** type ** **** ** side **** ******* **** released ******* ***** ********* the *************?

*** ***** **** ****** discussion ***** **** ****** towards *** ************.

**** ***** ** * good ********* ** *** test *******, *** ************ of **** ****** ****** revealed. :)

** * **** *****.

***** **** ** **** by **** **** ******* were ******** ******* ***** revealing *** *************?

**** ***** ****** ** without ********* *** *************? Speculate **** *** ************* they *** *** *** best *** *** **** they ***'* *** *** worse? ******* ********.

** ****,

* ** *** ****** not ** ******* *** manufacturers ** **** ****** camera. * *** **** suggesting ***** * ***** to *******.

*** ******** ** *** selected ******* *** ******** to ** ****** ** the **** *** **** scenarios *** *** ******* used ** **** ****** are ** ********* *****. The ***** *** ****** gen ******** ********** *** earlier ***.

*** ************ *** *** an ******* **** **** come ** *** *** to ****** ***** *** product (****** *** ****** list). ******* *** *** see **** *** ******* discussion ****.

** *** *********** ******* were ** *** ******* each ***** ** *** shootout, **** ****** ** compared ** *** **** sensor ***** ** ********* type.

**** ****** ** ******** in *** **** ****** class ** ********* ****.

**'******** ***** ****** *********** *** *** ********* problem ** **** ****** all ************* **** **** information. **** ** ** could **** ** ***, separating ********* **** ****** class ***** *** **** sense *** **** ***** as **** **** *** best ***** *******, *** a ******** ****** *****.

*** ***** *** ****** gen ******** ********** *** earlier ***.

****, *** ** ** what ** **. **** point ***** ** ** to *** ****, *.*., Sony ** *** **** performer ***** ***** ***** 2015 *******? *** *** care *** * ***'* think **** ****** *** interested ** **** ** much ** ***** ***********.

** *** ********* ****, we **** *** ****** prominently ** *** ****** even ** *** ******* itself. ***** ** ******* a ****** *** ***** can ******** *** ***** vs *** ***********.

*** ******* ***** *** same *** *** ******* or *********?

******* ***** *** *** to * *** ** 1/30s ** ****, ********* on *** *** ****** listed ** ** *** UI. ** ******* **** allowed ** *** **** shutter.

"Second, ** ****** ****** **** *** ******* *********** *** ******. *********** ****** **** **** ** **** *****, **** **** ******* *********** *** ******* *** ****** ******** ** ************."

**** *** *** *** distance ******* *** ****** and *** ******* ******?

******

*** ******* ****** **** ~50' ** *, ******** past *** *******. *'* say ****** * *** feet ** *** *******. We **** **** ***** low ***** ************ ** times ** **** ***** and ****** ** ***, but ** *****'* ****** at ** ** ********** as ** ** ****.

********* ******

**** ** ** *****, Great ***

***** *** ** *** same ****** ** *** same ******* *** *** 100' **** **** **** to ** **** ********** and ******* ** ********** like , ******* **** vs ****** *****

** **** ********* **** no **** , @ say *** ** ***' conditions

***** ******* , ** cold *******

******* @ **** **** conditions *** *** *****

**** ********* **** ****, parking, ******, ******* *** conditions **** ******** ****

**** **** ********** ***** you ***** *** ****

***** **** *** **** lites ** ********** ** the **** ***** , or ****** **** *** lite **** ***** ** lite ********* *** ******** of *** *******

***** ** ***** ******** towards *** ******* ** under ** **** *** camera *****

**** ** *** **** at *** ***** **** fantastic ******* ** ******* settings , *** **** you *** **** *** in **** ***** ********** or ******** ******* ******* , **** ***'* ****** perform .

**** ***** ****** ** of ***** ** *** industry *****, *** ****

***** *** ** *** same ****** ** *** same ******* *** *** 100' **** **** **** to ** **** ********** and ******* ** ********** like , ******* **** vs ****** *****

** *** *** ***** indoors ** ** ***** control *** ********. ***** outdoor ***** ***** ******** light ****** **** ***** bias *** ****.

** *** ** **** to ******* *** **** maps ** ******* **** or ****** ******, ***. but ** **** ** be ******* **** *** tests *** ********** *** fair ****** *** *****.

****'* * ****** ********* list ** ********** *****. I ****** ***** ******* at ***** * ******* it *** ******. *** I'm *** ** ****. 😒

*** **** * **** that *** ******** ** excellent ******* ** ***** of *********** *** *****. Lucky *** **** *** Avigilon **** **** ******.

** **** *** ******** had ********* ********** ***** they ***** ** *** same.

**** ***** ****** *****.

****, ** ***, ****** does ********** **** ** these ********? *** ********, since ***** *********** *** pixel *****'* **** ** apply ** ** **** to ** *** ****, wouldn't *** ****** *** 4K *** ***** ** outperform *** *** *** equivalent?

*** ********, *** ********* 2MP **-***********-*** ** *** Hikvision **-*********-* **********. ***** all ******* *** ***** as ***********, ******'* *** naturally ****** *** *** version ** ** ****** at ****** ******? (*'* not ****** ** ******* for ****** ****, *** arguments ****)

** ***** **, ******'* it ** **** **** to ******* *** ** the ******* ** * standardized ********** ** **** point? **** ***** ****** the ***** ***********, **** as *** *********** ** shutter. **** * **********.

********* **** *** *** less. **** *** ****!

*********** ********** ***** *******, just **** **** ** did ** *** ****. There ** ***** * sensitivity ********** ** *** look ** *** **** manufacturer's *****, **** *****. Or, ** *** **** of *** ********* ***** Series ************ (**** *** 5546), **** *** **** spec'd ** *** **** minimum ************ (*.*** ***), but ***** ** * noticeable, *** *** *****, difference.

**** * ********* **********, yes, ** ***** **** at * ******** **********, but **'* *** **** practically ******, ***** ****** are ********* ****** *** resolution **** ****. ** academic **** ** ************ resolution ***** *****'* **** potential *********** *** ** higher/lower ***** ****** ***** not ********* **** **** real ***** ***********. ** you *****?

* ***** *** **** issue ** **** *** guys ***’* ************* **** every ****** ***** ** every ***** *** ** exhaustive ****. *** *******, my ********* **** ***** of *** ********* **-**********-* models *** *** **** low ***** ***** *******. What ** *** ****** difference ******* *** ***, 4MP, *** *** ********? How ****, ** ***, quality ** * ***** in **** ****** **** the *** ** *** 2MP. * **** **** I **** ** **** lit ******. *** *’* not ********* **** ** test ** **** ***** because ** **** ** you ** **** *** one *****, *** *** yourself ** ** ** it *** *** ******. Instead *** *** *** input *** ******* ****** and ************** ****** * bunch ** ***** **** varied ******. ******* *** will ***** ******* *** because *** ****’* **** “their *****”. **’* ********* damned ** *** ** or ***’*.

* ** **** *** did ***** *****, *** it **** ***** ** want ****. 🤣

****'* * **** ***********! We ******** **** ****** about ***** ****** ********* within * ************'* ****. So ** *** ********* example, ******** *** ***** Express **. ***** **. Performance **. *****, ******* resolutions, ******** **** *******. I ***** ** ***** be *** ***** ** add **** **** **** alone *** ** *** asked ****** ********** *** camera * ******** ** camera * **** * certain ************. **'* ****** especially ***** ** *** Axis * ****** *** improved ** ** ****** to * *** *** Performance ****** ** **** competitive **** *****. **'** keep ** ** **** for ****** *****.

* ***** **** ** see ***** **** *** F ****** ** **** to *** ** (*** the **** **** ** sensor) **** ***** **** some ** *** ******* out ** *** ******* from *** **** ************ can ****** ** **** the *** *** ****** of *** ****. ***** there ** * ******** forward *********** *** *** data-sheets **** ***** **** camera *********.

** *** ********* ****** imager **** *** **** F ****. * ***'* think ***** ** * straight ******* ***********, ******. I ** ***** **** in ******* * ****** imager *** ***** *-**** compared ** * ******* imager *** ****** *-**** in*** **** **************** **** ** ******* difference.

*** ****** ********, *** example, ** * */*" sensor **** * **** low *.** *-****, ***** the ******** ******* * 6080 ******* *** */*.*" with * **** ******* F1.4 ****. ******** *** a ***** ********* ** our ***** ** *** light.

**'* *** **** ****** across *************, ******. * larger ****** *** ***** F-stop ********** *****, *** it's *** * ********* that *** ************ **** be ****** **** *******.

*** ** *** **** lab ******** ******* ** cameras, ************, *** *****, color ********, **********, ******, cost, *********, ******* ***********, congrats, ******,

***** ****** **** - very *********** *** ***'** covered **** ********* ******* of *** ***** *********** testing.

** *** ****** ****** of *** ****** *** represents * *********** *******, it ***** ** ***** to *** * **** of *** *** ****** cameras **** *** **** rated (************ ** *** EN50155 *********). **** ** the ******* ************ **** these ** **** **** or ***** **** ******. I **** **** ** suggesting ***** ***** * combination ** ******* ******* on ** ****** *******, or * ******* ********** in **** ***, *** it ***** ******* **** parameters **** **:

- ***** *** **** management ****** * ******* public ******* *******

- ***** ***** ******* from ******** ** ********, inside *** **** ******* as ** ******/***** *******

- *** ***** ******* perform ** ****-**** ** a ***** ** * bus (********* ******* ****** colours ********** ** ****** a ******* ** **** ambient ********)

- ****** **** ** track/roadside ******* ** ******* vehicle *** ******* ******

- ******** ******* ******** indicator ****** *** ******** headlights ******* **** ***********

**** **********, * **** its *** ** **** task ** ********* *** there *** ** ***** priorities *** **** ***** now. ****** **** ****, a *** ** *** dash-cam **** ***** *** be **** **** * van ** *** (** course ********* ********** ** carry *** ***** ** moving ****** ** **** more *********). *******, *** results **** ***** ***** will **** * **** indicator ** *** *** camera **** **** ******* on * *****.

* ***** ** ****** can ** **** **** of **** ********** ******* bias - *** *** guys.

**** ** *** **** work.

**** *** ***** ********** these ***** ***** ********* Light *******? *********** ** still *******, ******* *** Sodium *****. * ***** think *** **** *** different ******* ***** *** different *******.

** *** ***, *** it's ** *** **** of ****** ** **. All *** ******** ** this **** ** ***, actually. ** **** *** plans ** ******** * few ********* ******** ******* for *** *******, *** haven't ****** *** ******* yet. ** *** **** ideas ** ****, ***** me ** ***** *******@****.***

*****, ****** *** **** reply. * **** ****** in ***** ******* **** for ***** *** **** many ***** ***** *** you. ** ** **** Member *** ****** ** years * ** ********* to *** ******** *** do *** **** ******* anyone ** ******* *** the ****** ** **** industry. **** * *** points *** * ** apologize *** *** ******* all *** ******** ** I ** **** * am *********** **** ****** that **** ******* ******* up ******* * **** list * *** ******* below:

*- *** ******* ***** tested *** ** *** at ******* *******?

*- ** *** **** spare ******* ** **** there ** * ***** result **** ***** ** be ********?

*- *** ***** ***** being ********* ***** ******* at ****** **** *******?

*- *** ******/***** ****** for ***** ***** **** camera ** ******?

*- *** *** ******* being ****** ** **** position ** ** ***** to ***** **** ** side ** ********?

*- *** *** ******* tested ** **** *** levels? ** *** *** a ***** ******* *****?

*- **** ********* ** not **** ** ***** will ****** ** ******* differences **** ******* ****** from *** ** ***** mode.

*- ********* *** *.*.*. Temperatures *** ******* ********* results.

*- ******* **** ****** and ******* *** **** you *** **** *** cameras *** ***** ********.

**- ************ (*** *** still *********, *********** *** and **** ***** *** good *** ******** ****** also ** ****.) * will ***** *** **** be ********* ** **** of *** ******* *** will ****.

**- *** ******** *** can *** ******** ****** shades *** ******* ***, BLC ******* ** ****.

**- ** *** **** for ********, ****** **** and ******** ***% ****** across *** ******?

**** * ****** ** tidbits ** **** ******* your *******.

****** *** **** * great ***.

****** *** *** *******, some *******: ** ***'* test ******* ***** ****** default ********. **** ******** are ******* ****** *** board:

  • ***** **** ** *** to ** ***
  • *********** ** ************ ** ~28-30 ************
  • ******** ** *** ** a ******* ** */*** or ****, ********* ** how *** ****** ** configured
  • **** ******* ** ********, if ******* (***** ** uncommon ** ****)

** ***** *********, ************* are ***** *********** ****** and ***** *********** ** suggest ******** *******. *******, in **** *****, **** of ***** *********** ****** improved ********* ******. **** suggestions ******** ** ********** noise *********, ***** ********* some ****, *** *** added ***** ******* ******* by *********** *** **** amount.

** *** ** ********* light *******, ** **** tested ******* *****, ***, sodium *****, *** ******. See****** ***** ******** ********. ** *** *** do ********* ******* ** multiple ***** ****** ** that ****. *******, ***** I ***** **** ***** will ** **** ***** fidelity *********** ** ******** low ***** ****** ***** other ******, ***** * lux *** **, ** darker ****** ***** * lux, *** ***** ***** very *******. ** **** tested **** ********* *** temperatures *** **** ****. Effectively, **** ** ****, and ** **** ***** colors *** **** *** the **** ******** ** cameras.

***** *** ***!!

***** ****** ****. ************ in *** ******* ***** asNewer **. ***** ****** ******, since you have newer models from most of the manufacturers why are you comparing a newly released camera to a model that is 3 years old, instead of similar models? Seems odd since electronics always improve with time, chipsets, technology. I'd expect a new Axis model to outperform a 3 year old Panasonic or 2 year old Hanwha. Were all cameras viewed through a VMS (which) or direct through the browser? Did that make a difference?

* **** ***** **** to **** *** ****** were ********(**** ******** *** used).

*** **** ***** ****** from **** ** *** manufacturers *** *** *** comparing * ***** ******** camera ** * ***** that ** * ***** old

** ***** ** * specific ***** **** *** think ** ****** **** tested, ****** *** ** know. *** **** *************, an "*****" ***** ** the ******* ****'* ********* product *** **** *******. Which ****** **** ***** manufacturers **** ** *** not **** ****** **?

** * ****, ************...

*** **** ** **** how **** * **** myself *** ******** ** that.

* ***** **** ** see **** ********** *** the **** *** **** variety ** *** **********

*** *** ******* ********

** ** ** ****** HD

** *.*,*,* **** ** 12 ** ** **** with * *.* **** camera ** ***.

******* ** *************

******* ** *** *** 5 , *** ***** a ******* ** ******

******* ** *** ****, *** ***** * variety ** ******

*****.

**** ****** ****** *** number ** ****, *** have * ****-**** ***** (Speco??)

****, ***** *** ****.

**** ** *** ******* color *** ***** ******** ever, ******* **+ ***** low ***** ****** *******************...

********** **** ****** *** Axis **** ********* *** Dahua **** * ****** showing **** *** ***** manufacturer?

***** * ********* *** bigger **** *** *** others *** **** ****** R&D ******* *** ******* cameras **** **********.

**** ** ****, *****, and ********* *** ** expertise, *** ***** **** they ******* **** ********** means **** **** ** opportunity ** *** *****, better ******* *** ****. Recall ******* ******** ** us ********* * ** 3-year-old ******* ** *** test. *** ****'* ***** manufacturer's ***** *** *** being ********* ****** ** release **** **********.

***** *** ***** **** images *** *** *** cameras ** *** **** scenarios?

** ***'* **** **** packaged *** ** *** having * ******* ******** where ** **** ****** questions *** **** ****** and ***** **** ****** wants ** ***:

*** ****** **********, *** webinar ********* ** **** (~1 ****):

**** ****** **** *** the **** ***-***** "*****-**** sensitivity ******" ******** ** very *** *****? * have * ****** ** them, *** **** *** better **** ** ***** cameras, *** **** *********. Can * *** *** similar *********** ** *** VB770 **** * ****** price?

***** ** *** **** tests, * ** *** think *** ** *** cameras ** **** ******** are ***** ** ******* images ** ****** ** the ***** ** **** low *****. *** *******, when ** ****** *** VB770, ** ******** *.** lux ** *** ***** the ******* ** ******** in **** ****:

*** **** *** ***** was ******** ****** *** camera, ***** ** ********* additional ******* ***** ** the ***** **** ***** lights, *** *** ****** you *** ** *** right **** ** *** FOV *** ******** **** soccer ****** ~*/* **** away. ***** **** ** other ****** ** ****** than ****.

** ********, **** ** one ** *** ******* brightest ****** **** *** test, *** ***** ******* in *.** ******** ******.

***** ** **** ****** ambient *****, ***** **** a ****** ** ****** through ***** *** **** to ******* ******, ** it's ****** ** * "true" *.** ***, *** the ***** ** ********* much ******, **** *******, and ********* ** ****** range ** *********.

**** ** *** ****** priced ****** ***** ***** theoretically ******* **** **** the *****, **** *** Q1798-LE, *********** ** **** dark ****** ** *** really ** *** **** level (**** ***** ** view *****).

** **** ***** ***** was * *** ******, something ****** ** * lux, *** *** **** more ****** ** ** able ** *** **** with ********* ***** ****, but ** ** ** approaching *, ****** ***.

****** *** *** ***** reply. **** ***** * lot.

*'* ***** ************ ** the ********* **-******* ***********. Some ** ** ******* move * *** ** this *****, ** *** order ** ******** ** dollars *** ****. ********* has ****** ****** **** they **** *** **** optics *** *********** ******** in ***** **********. ** this ***** *** **** results ** * ********** new ****** ****'* ******* that ********* **.

* ******** *** ******** H5A ** ******* ********. It ***** **** * slight ********* **** **** the ***.

**** *******

**** ******'* ** **** test **** ******* ** lighting. **** *** ****** off ********** ****** **** test * *******?

** *** ****** *** during ******* ** *** cameras.

*** *** **** ******* and **** *** ******* Starlight? -************, ** **** **** working ** ******* ******* Super ********* ****** *** more **** * *****, they *** ******** ** have ******* *** ** will *** **** ** this ****** **** ** receive ****.

********** *** **********-**** *** my ********* ;-)

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