City Video Surveillance Guide

By: Brian Rhodes, Published on Jun 08, 2015

This 31-page guide explains the key uses, design factors, and players in the City Surveillance market.

A global group of 60 integrators responded, each offering insights in selling, implementing, and maintaining metropolitan video surveillance systems.

Note: this is the second in our series. Also see: School Video Surveillance Guide

Questions Answered

We found and share these core data on city surveillance systems:

(1) Most Common Camera Locations

(2) PTZ vs. Fixed Cameras Usage

(3) Most Common Camera Manufacturers

(4) Most Common VMSes Deployed

(5) Video Analytics Usage / Obstacle

(6) Wireless or Fiber Networking Selection

(7) Storage Types Selected

(8) Most Significant Installation and Power Problems

(9) Most Common System Integrations

(10) Primary Surveillance Goals

(11) Primary System Users

(12) Sources of Purchase & Maintenance Funding

(13) System Specifications Writers and Issues

(14) Biggest Surveillance Improvement Needed

**** **-**** ***** ******** the *** ****, ****** factors, *** ******* ** the **** ************ ******.

* ****** ***** ** 60 *********** *********, **** offering ******** ** *******, implementing, *** *********** ************ video ************ *******.

****: **** ** *** second ** *** ******. Also ***: ****** ***** ************ *****

Questions ********

** ***** *** ***** ***** **** data ** **** ************ systems:

(*) **** ****** ****** Locations

(*) *** **. ***** Cameras Usage

(*) **** ****** ****** Manufacturers

(*) **** ****** ***** Deployed

(*) ***** ********* ***** / ********

(*) ******** ** ***** Networking Selection

(*) ******* ***** ********

(*) **** *********** ************ and ***** ********

(*) **** ****** ****** Integrations

(**) ******* ************ *****

(**) ******* ****** *****

(**) ******* ** ******** & *********** *******

(**) ****** ************** ******* and ******

(**) ******* ************ *********** Needed

****** ** ******* **** question ** ***** *** provide *** *** ******** their ******* ******** ***** how ****** *** *** operate *****.

[***************]

Key ********

*** **** ***** ********** the *** ******* *** patterns *****:

  1. ****** *********: *** **** ********* ********** locations *** ***** ******* areas *** *************.  *** next ******** ** *** 'common *****' **** *****, town *******, *** ************** hubs.  *******, ******* ***** traffic, ************ ** ***** deployed ** '**** *****' areas *** ** ******* critical ************** *****.
  2. ****** *****: **** *** ** **** higher **** *********** *******, **** ~**%+ ** all **** ******* ***** PTZs *** **** ******* with **% *** *******. The **** ****** *** use **** *** ******** intersections ** ***** ****** spaces.
  3. *******: ** ******** ***** ***** network ** *********, ** is ********* ********* *** used *** ************. *******, wireless ** ********* ******** where ******** ******** *** not *********.
  4. ***** ** ***** ** the ******* ************ *******.  Difficulties ******* ******** *** source, *********** ***, *** making **** ** ** reliable ****** ** ***** cameras ** * ********* basis.
  5. *** ******* **** ** city ************ ** ********* ********* of ****** ** ******* in *** ****. '******** evidence' ********* ** ******. 
  6. ***********: ***** *********** ** ****** Dispatch *** ******* ********* were ******, ******* ***** into ***** ********* **** intrusion *******, ****** *******, or **** ****** **** not.
  7. *****: ****** *********** *** *** most ****** ******* ***** for **** **** *** recorded *****. **** ********** by ****** ********* ** **** by * ******** *********** ********** group *** ***** ***** as * ******* ******** for ***** ******** ******* surveillance ************.
  8. ******* / *****: ********** ******* ****** *** VMS ****** **** ****** common. **** ***** ****** in ****** ******** ******** mentions, *** *** ******* advantages ** ************ ******* cameras *** *** ******** results ** **** ****** using *********** *********. 
  9. *********: ***/**** ********* *** *** most ****** ***** ****. 'Video' ********* **** ********** used, *.*., *********, **** recognition, ****** **** ******, or ********* ** ****** analytics. *** *** ******* to ***** ******** ***** was ********** *********** ***** the ****.
  10. *******: * ***** ******** used ******* ***** ******* and ******* **********. *******, roughly */*** *** ***, including * ****** ***** built-in *** *** *** storage. ************, ***** ***** are **** *******, **** did *** ****** ******* redundancy (*.*., ****) ******* of ****.
  11. **************: ******** *** ** writing ************** ******* ******** bumbling *********** **** ******* records ******* **** ************ design ****, *** ******* corners **** ******** **** assessments *** ******** ******* manufacturers ***** **************.
  12. **** ************** ****** **** an ********* **** ********* from ********* ******** *** lead ** ** ******** technical ****** *** *********** the ********* *********** ** play.
  13. *******: ******* ******* ** **** often ******* **** ****** budgets ** ********** ******, or * *** ** the ***. ** **** cases, *** ******* ****** contributes ***** *** '*** common ****'.
  14. ************: **** ********* ********* ****** and ******** ***** ********* would ** *********** ******. Another ****** ********** *** to ******* ********* ******** and ******* ** ***** to ******* ****** ******.

*** ******** ****** ********* are ******** ** ***** below:

Camera *********

********: **** *** *** **** common ********* ** ****** city *******? ***? **** are **** **** ***?

*******:  ** *******, ***** intersections *** **** ******** are **** ********, **** common ***** **** ***** pedestrian ******* ** ********* crowds ****.  *** ***** emphasis ** ***** ***** is *** '*********** *********' and ***** ************** ** police-dispatchable ****** *****.

**** **** **** ****-**** congestion *** ********** ******** awareness **** ************* ***** locations. ** *******, *** concurrent ************ ** ******* light ******** ** ***** poles ***** ******** ************ mounting ********* *** *****, and * **** ** surveillance ******* ** ***** intersections *** ** **** to ***** ******** ******* movement ** * **** if ******:

*************

  • "************* *** ******* *** crime **********"
  • "**** ******* *** **** traffic ******** *** *** big ****. **** *** sometimes ** ****** *******."
  • "**** ****** *************, ** least ** ******"
  • "*** ** *** **** parkways *** *********, **** the **** ***** ***** covered *** *** ****** length ******* *** ****. Specific ******** *** ** followed ** ******." 
  • "*** *** **** ******** and ******** *****/****."
  • "********** *** ************* ** monitor ******* ****"
  • "** **** ************* ** they *** ****** "
  • "******* *************, **** *** used *** ******* *** pedestrian ******* **********"
  • "*************, ** *********** **** the ********* ******* ***** system"
  • "*** **** ****** ********* used ** ****** **** cameras *** *** ******* viewing ** ************ ** to ******* ******* *** pedestrian *****."

****** *****

***** ****** *** ********* where ***** ****** ** people ****** ********** ** a ******* *****, **** recreational ***** ** **** bus ********. 

  • "****** ******* ****. **** for ***** ********** *** post ******** *************."
  • "*******(***** ********) ************* (**** security) ***** **** (****** security) ************** (****** ********) Public ********* ************ ********* prevention ********* ******** ** are ****** ***** *** people ************** *** ****** plate ***********."
  • "***** ****** ** **** the **** ****** ****** us **** *** ****** doing *** ******."
  • "****** ***** ***** **** are ********** **** *** special ******. ************ ** monitor ********, *******, ****** parties, *********, *** *** is ********* **** *** PD ** **** ** a ****** ******* **** nearby."
  • "******* ***** **** * lot ** ****-*********."
  • "*****, **** ********* *** city-run *******"
  • "**** ******** ****, ****** parking **********, ****** ***** and **********, *** "***-*****" dictated ** ********* ******** Policing (****) **********."
  • "***** - *** *** city *** **** *** a *** *** **** traffic "

**** *****

*** **** **** ** surveillance ********** **** ** high-crime *** ******** ************** or ********* ***** *****.  Even ****** *** ******* population *** ******* ** subjects ** *****, *** risk ** *******. ** high-crime *****, ******* *** often ** ******** **** safely *** **** ********** than ********* ******** ******** into *** ***********:

  • "***** **** ***** *****. Predictive ***** ******* *** enforcement "***** ****" ** potential ***** *****. ******* are **** ** **** detour ***** *** **** aid ** ************* ********."
  • "*** **** ****** ********* are ****** ******* ** troubled *********, *** *** business *********. *** **** in *** **** ** to **** *** ****** who ***** *** ******** district **** ****."
  • "**** ****** **** ***** bridges, *** ***** ****** high ***** *****, **** inner **** ****** ************ parks."
  • "********** ***** ** *******. Used *** ****** **********, crime, *********, ****-******"
  • "**** ***** ***** ** monitor ********* ** *****, Section * ******* *****, drug ********"
  • "******* *** **** ** prevent *****, ****** *** used *** ********, ******** for ******** ********."

******** **************

*** *******, ****** ******* targets **** ********** *********** and ***** ********* ****** are ****** ************ *****.  Even ****** ***** ********* may ** ****** *** even *********** ** ***********, the **** ** ******* them *********** ** *** great:

  • "*********** ***** *** *****, *** quality ********** ******** *** vandalism *** ** **** general *** *******, ***** Waste ********** ***** *** city ******* *** ****** activity, ****** ******** *** general ******** *** ****** treatment."
  • "******* ******** *** ***********. Most ******* *** **** as **********, ******* **** all ***** ** ************* tools."
  • "******** **** ********** **** as ***** ********* ******"
  • "*** ********** ******** *** switch **** *** ******* as * ********."
  • "********* *** ******** ******** and ********** *** ***** supply."
  • "****** ***** ********** ******* to *********"

PTZ **. ***** ******* **********

********: **** ********** ** ******* are ***** ** ***? Why? **** ****** ****?

*******: ***** ***** ****** still **** * ******** (deployed **% ** *** time) , ** ** not *********** *** **** are **** *** **** than '*********** ************ *********** (City *********** ** **% of *** ****).  *** use ** **** ************ is ******* * ***** greater **** *******. (***** *% ** *** **** *** *** ******* **********.)  

*** ******* *** *** to **** ********* *** popularity:

*) **** ***** ******* are **** **** ****** to **** ****** ********* controlling ****

*)  ************ ***** *** be ********* *** ****, often ******** ******** ** feet ** ***** *** activity ****** ******** ****** a ******'* ****** ** coverage.

***** ******* *** ******** cited ******** ** *** color ******** ** *****-*** below:

******* *** ****** ****** 

  • "*** ******* *** ****** used *** ******* ******* when ********* *** **** detected."
  • "*** *** **** *** covering **** ***** ***** and *** ***** ******* zoom **********, *.*. ******* for ***** *********** ** a ****** ** * square */* ***** *** close."
  • "******* *** **** ** intersections ** ** **** to *** *** * ways."
  • "* **** ******** ** the ******* **** *** PTZ, ** **** ******* the ******* **** ********."
  • "**% ***, ***** **** in ********* ********* **** as ******* *** '***** points', *** ** ***** for ******** ******* ** case ** *********."

****** ********** ******

** ***** *** **** to ** **** ***********, a ****** ******** **** be **** ** ******** take ******* *** ****** them ** **** *********,  This *********** ** ***** part ** * **** Surveillance **********, ***** ******* staff *** ************ ***** and ********** ****** ***** in **** ****:

  • "*** *********** ******** **** to ****** **** (**%+ PTZ ** *****) ******* their ******** *** ********** the ****** *** ******** persons ** ********/********). ** the ****** ***'* ********* full ****, * ****** blend ** ***** ******* is **** ** ******* surveillance (**% *** ** fixed) ** **."
  • "***** ** ******** ******** as ****** ** **** all *******. ****** ******. Used ** **** ********** environment"
  • "*** ** ***** *** operator ******* ** **** of *********."
  • "** *** ***** **** are ********* **** **** video, *** *** ******* give *** ******** *********** capabilities ** "****** *** action"."
  • "*** **** ***** *****, PTZs **** ** *** enforcement ** '******'."
  • "*** ******** **** ********* ******* by *** ** **** operators *** ** ***** and ********** *** ***** watched **** ****."

***** ***** ****** *******

*******, ******** ********** ** **** are ***** ****** **** many ********* ********** **** price, ****** ********* ************, and ***** ********* ******* being **** ****** ** avoid ********* *** **** than ********** *********:

  • "**% ***** ********* *******. Doesn't ******* ******** ********** and **** ***** ** cover **** ***** **** that ** * ***."
  • "**% ***** *** **% PTZ. ***'* *** **** and *** *** ****** looking ** *** ***** of *******. ***** ******* see *** ******* *** PTZ *** ** ********** on *** ****** ****."
  • "**%*****. ** **'* ********* enough ** *****, ******** a ****** ** **."
  • "*'* *** **'* ******** close ** **+% **** are ***** *** **** megapixel ** ****** **********. PTZ's ******* *** **** used ** ********** *** static ******* *** *** used *** ***** ************** that **** * **** available ** ******* ****."
  • "*** *****, ****** **** megapixel ******* *** ** dispatch ** ***** ***** dont **** ******** ** operate *** *******, **** cost ** * *****."

Common ****** *************

********: **** ****** ************* ** you **** ***** *** in **** ************ *******? Why **** *** ******?

*******: ********** ******* ****** **** commonly *****. ** ****** brand ** *** ***** favorite, *** ** ***** over ** ****** **** mentioned, **** ************ '******' analog ***** **********. **** of *** **** ******** cited ****** *** ****** out *****:

****

  • "**** ***** *** ************ reliable, **** ** ************, very "******** ********" *** can ** ******* **** a *-**** ********, ***** is *********** **** ********** a ******** **** * customer."
  • "**** ******* ** ********* as * ******* ******"
  • "****, ********* *** ***********."
  • "**** ** ********* **** often - ****'* *** a ***-********** *****. ***** are ************ ******** *****."
  • "**** - ******* ********* and ********** "*** ** the ****"
  • "****, ******* ** ************* with *** *******"

*****

  • "***** (***) ** ** able ** *** ***** the ******. *** **** are **** ** ******** the **** ** ******."
  • "****** **** ****** *****.  Some ** ** ** legacy, *** *** ** lines ******** ** ** good."
  • "***** - ******** ******** based ** ****"
  • "*****. * ***'* **** why, **** **** *** from ********** & **** been ****** ** **********."
  • "***** *** *****, ****'* what *** ****** **** ago **** *** ******* got *******."

*****

  • "***** *** ************ ******** this ******* **** *** one ** *** ****** and *** ********** **** complete ****** ********. "
  • "********** *** **** ********, Pelco *** ***** ************. Again ****** **** *******, it ** ******* ** is **** **** ****. But ***** ****** *** more *********** *** ********* to *********** *** * would **** ** *** IBM ******."
  • "*****, *** * ****** legacy ** **** *********** PTZ *******."
  • "***** *** ** *** door **** ****** *******, and ****** **** **** grown ***** ** ****.  Good *********."

*********

  • "********* - ****** **** a ******* ** ***** them."
  • "** *** **** ********* cameras ****** **** ** city ********."
  • "*********, **** ****** ***** team"
  • "********* ** *** ****** choice."
  • "********* ******** **** ***** and ***** *******."

****

  • "****** **** **** **** the **** ******* **********."
  • "** ********* ****; *********** quoted ********** **** **** to ********* ** *****."
  • "** ******* *** **** cameras **** ****** ***** housing. ** **** ******** other *******, *** *** Sony ******* **** ***** and ** *** ** need ** ******."
  • "**** *** *****, **** recognition * *******"
  • "**** *** ****. *****, quality, ******* ** ******* line."

******** ***** ******

*******, *** ******** ** answers **** **** **** a ****** *****.  *** underlying ********* ********** *** reason ** ****** ** in **** ***** *****:

"* ******* *** **** find *** ** *** major ************* ** ***** environments. *** ****** ** camera ******** ** ***** environments ** ***** ** select *** **** ****** for *** ****."

******, ********** ** *** particular *******, **** **** surveillance *********** ******** ***** multiple ******:

  • "****, *****, ******* & Sony ** **** *** all **** *** ****** brands."
  • "*****, *********, ****...**** ****** for ******** ******* ** unfortunately *****."
  • "********* ** **** *****. Our **** ***** **** Axis."
  • "*******, *** *****.  ****** those, *** ****** ** times **** ********* ****** for **."
  • "** **** **** *********, Hikvision, *** ********* ** our **** *******.  ********* strengths *** ***."
  • "****, ********* *** *****. The ************** ** *** camera *** **** ** needed. ******** ***** *** an **** ** **** manufacturer **** ****** *** we *** ** **** to **** **** *** comfortable ****."
  • "******* *** ****** ***** on '****' ****** ******* by *** ***, *** ONVIF. ************* *** ****, with ******* ******** *******/**********."

Common ***** ********

********: **** ***** ** *** most ***** *** ** city ************ *******? *** idea *** **** *** chosen?

*******:  ** **** *******, brand *********** *** *** fall ** *** *** player.  ******* ** *** larger ********* *** ********* were *********:

*******

  • "*** ** *** ************* use ******* ******** ****** because ** *** **** component. ****** *** ******* to *** & ***** the **** ********* ********** with *** ************ ********* is *** ****** **** significant ******* *****. *******, the **** ******* *** mapping ********* ** **** a ******** *********."
  • "******* ** **** ********* in *** ****. **** did * **** *** selling ****** ************** ** the ********** *****-************ ********."
  • "** ***** ******* *** *** system **** ******* ******."
  • "** **** **** ******** Center.  ********* *** ***** it."
  • "****** ***** ******* **** to ** ***** *******"
  • "**** ** ******* **** 90% ** *** ****** department ***** ** *******, so **'* ******* **** they **** ** ***** on **** ********"

*********

  • "** *** ***** *********. We ******* **** ******* back ** **** **** Milestone *** *** ***** leader ** *** ****** and ** *** *** working **** *** *** customer."
  • "********* ******* ** *** wide ************. **** ** the ******** **** ********** with ********* ****  *********** needed ** **-*** **** previous ********."
  • "********* ** **** ***** chosen *** **** ** use *** ****** ** customer ******* ******* ** the *******'* **********."

*****

  • "*****. ******** *** **** to ***."
  • "*** ********** ** ****** OnSSI, ***** *** *******. We *** ** ***** and ***** ****."
  • "***** (** *********). ********* bid ****"
  • "***** *** ***********. **** combining ********** *******, *** majority ** ********* **** became *** ********."

******** ****** ******

*******, ** ** ******* apparent **** ************* *** otherwise ****** ********* **** a **** ** *** city ************ ********:

  • "****** ** *** ****** made ***** ******* **** are ******** ** *** client ******** *** *** custom ****."
  • "****, ******, *** ***... These **** ****** **** studies ** ****** ******* and **** ***********."
  • "******, ********* (****** *** to ****), ****** (****** due ** *****)"
  • "** *** ** *** process ** ********* ****** over **** ******* ** a * **** ****."
  • "********** **** **** ***** and *****"
  • "**** ******** *** ******* specified **** ** ****** involved."
  • "*** **** ********* ****** install ** ******* ** one ** ***** **** (city) ********."
  • "*****, *********, *********, ***** all **** ****** ** the ** ******* **** have *** ******** ******** in *** ** (*.*. video ****** *** ********** trail), *** ******* **** have *** ******** ********** to *** ****** ******** CCTV *******."
  • "****** *** ****** ***** being ****. (******* *** Realhub) **** *** **** good ** *********** ***** software ** **** *** specific ******* ** ***** authorities."
  • "** ****** * *********** VMS *** *********. ** have **** ****, ****, others. * ***´* *** a ********* ******ó* ****** in *******, *** *** economic & ************ ******* (********* ** the **** ** ********** who *********** *** ***, G2G **********, ***)"

****** ***** *********

******* ***** *** *** appeal ** ****** ************* VMS ******** ******* **** the ******** ** *******. Instead ** ****** ******** VMS ******** **** * 3rd ***** ********, ******* city ******* **** *** propretary ******* *** ********** software ** **** *****:

  • "**** *** ** *** camera ************. ******* **** are ******** & ****** pricing."
  • "**** ******* *** *** manufacturer ******** *****, *.*.: HIKVISION ****, ********* **-***/******* Center, ******'* ***. ********* government *********** *** *** a *** *** ***** the ******** *** *** the ********, **** ******** wants ** "****" ***** own ******** ******** *** government *** ****** *********** dealing **** * ****** software ******** **** * single ******** (** **** to ******* ********* ************* for ******* **** ******** and ******** ********). *** monitoring ***** ********* ** NOT **** * *** in ***** ******** ** used. **** *** ******* ("forced") **** *** ***** of ******** ******** *** ultimately *********."
  • "*** ******* ******** **** (Pelco) ****** ******* ** was ***** **** **** the ******* **** ******."

Video ********* ***

********: *** ***** *** ***** analytics ** ******* ***** recognition ***** ****? **** types? *** ** *** not?

*******:  ***** ********* *** city *********** *** *****. While ******* ***** ******* is *** **** ****** type ****, ***** ********* like *********, ******** *** (science *******-*****?)********** ************ ********* *******. **** if ******** ******, ** is *** *********** ****** or ***** ******** ****** for ********** ***:

*** *** **** ******

** *** ***** ** analytics, *** ** ***/**** is **** ********. ******* comments ********* **** ** proves ********** ******** ** field *** *** ** valued ** *** ***********:

  • "******* ***** *********** ******** is ***** ***** **** in ********* ******* *** a ****. ** *** being **** ****** ** tracking *** ** ******** and ******* * ********."
  • "**** *** **** ****** successful *** *** ** customers **** ********** ***** to ****** *** ******* and **** * ********** expectation *** **** **** want ** **********."
  • " *** *** ********* *** being **** **** ** high ***** ***** ** understand *** *** ** coming **** * ********** area. "
  • "*** ** *** **** popular ********, ********** *** parking **** *** ****."
  • "*** *** *******, *** could *** ** ********. (Would **** **** ********, dedicated ****, ** ******.) VA ***** *** **** been ******** ****-********* ** the ****."
  • " **% ** *** ******* that ** **** ******** use **** ** **** of *** ******. **** adds * ********* *****-******** element ** *** ****** and ******** *** *********** feedback **** *** *********** needs ** ****** ********* support. "
  • "*** ** **** *****, because ** *********. ***** video ********* ** ***** not "*****" ** ******* value, ********** ******* ******* situations *** **** **** unpredicatable *** ** ***** unable ** ****."

***** ********* *** ***

*******, ******* ** *** license ***** ******* *****, other ********* *** *******:

  • "*** ** **** **** specific ****** ** *** track ** **** ******** / ******* **** ** city ***** ******** *** not ****** **** ***."
  • "********* ** **** *****, will ****** ****** **** more ** *** ****** as ******* *** ********."
  • "********* ***** **** ****** the *** *** *** claimed ** ****. *****, just *** *****."
  • "***** ********* *** *** used.  *** ******, *** little *******."
  • "***** ********* ***** **** motion *********, *** *** is *******. *******? - Analytics ****** *** **** a ***** ********** *** been * ********* *********** for **** ********."
  • "(***** **********) *** **** ********* has **** **** ** two *****, * ** not ***** ** **** names, *** *** ******** one *** *** ******* up ** ***, ** at ***. "
  • "***** ********* *** ****** about, ************ *** *********. In *** ***** ********* have **** ** ***** of ******* ***% ** clients *****."

Wireless ** ***** ********** ***

********: **** ********** ** ******* are ********* *** ***** vs ********? **** ****** that?

*******:  ** *******, ** fiber ******** ** ********* near *** ***** ** connection ** ** **** as * ***** ******. However, *** ** *** overall ****** **** *** longer ************ **** ** new *****, ******** ********** is ****** ********** *** new ******* ** ***** city *********** *** *******.

***** *********

*** ***** ******** ***** fiber ** **** ** is ********* *** *********** if ******* *********. **** responses ********** ********** ***** use ********* ** *** already ********* ***** ***** adoption:

  • "***** **% *** *****, particularly ***** ***** ******* exists. **** *** ******* use ******** - ****** private *********, ** **/**."
  • "** **** ******* **** types *** ***** ** becoming **** **** ******. Now, ** ** **% fiber *** **% ********."
  • "** **** ****** **** have * ***** ******* already ** ***** ** most **** ** ***** connected ** **** *** often ***** ** **** as **-**%"
  • "**'* ***** **** *** half - ***** ** preferred ***** ********."
  • "*** ******* *** ********* via *****. **** *** driver ** * ************* requirement *** **** ** the ************ ** **** infrastructure ******* *** ******** telecommunications *******. *** **** of ******* *** ***** was ********** ** **** time ** ** **********."
  • "**% *****. *** ** infrastructure *** *** ************ of ***** ** ****** or ********* ***** *****. "
  • "****** ******* *** *****. It ** **** ********* run ** ******** *** to *********. *** ************ might ** ******** **** as ******* *********."

******** ** ******

*******, **** ** ***** to **** ** ************ and ***** ****, ******** networking ** ********. **** given *** *********** *** performance ***********, *** ********** flexibility ******** ********** *** suited ***** '*****-**-***' ************ could **** ***** ** where *** ******* ******* population ******* ***** ********** fiber ******* *********:

  • "***** ****** ***'* ********* in **** ******, *** water *** ************* ****** are *********, *** **** for ***** ******** **** sites."
  • "****** **** **% ** the ******* **** ** have ******** *** ******** because ** ***** ** too **** *********** ** install ***** *** ************."
  • "***% ********. ************** & maintenance **** ****** ****."
  • "******** ** *** *** most *********, **** ** ownership ** ***"
  • "***% ********. ** ********** fiber ** **** ***** to ***** ***********"
  • "*** ******** ******* *** connected ** ********. ****** there ** ***-******** ********* fiber, **** ******* *** connected ** ********. * have * ********* ******** that *** *****, *** it *** ********* *** traffic ********** *** **** won't ***** ** **** the ** *** ******** cameras. ********** ***** ** so *********, ** ***'* be ********* *** ******** cameras *****. ****, ****** density ****** *******. ******** is **** ********, **** dense ****, *****-**-********** *** just *****-**-*****, ** ******."
  • "**** ********** *** *** out ** **** *** not ****** ********* ******* fixed ******** *****."

**** ****** ********

******, ***** **** - not *********** ** *********** - ** ***** ** be *** ******** ****** for **** *********** ***** option ** ***.  **** heavily ****** ********:

  • "**% ***** ** **% wireless, **** ** *** driver"
  • "* ****** ********** *** connected *** ******** ******** due ** ** ***** much **** ******** **** urban ************. ** *** a ***** **** ** a ******, ***** *** not ** *** ************ or ******** ***** ***** damage *** ****. **** would ******* **** ********, protection *** ***** ***** up **** ** ******* as ** ***** ****** require ******** ****/******* ******* to ** **."
  • " ********* *** ***** ************** is ********* *** ***** ages ** ** *********."
  • "**% ********, **** *** speed ** ****** ** the ******* ******"
  • "*** **** ** ****** fiber ** ******* ***** outweighs *** ********, ***** the **** *** ********."
  • " ** ***** *** **** of ******* ******, ***** tends ** ** **** cost *********, *** ** they *** *********, ******** typically ******* *** **** cost ********* ********."
  • "** *** ******, **% are ********* **** *****, but *** *** ******* are ***** ******** ** reduce ****."

********** ******

** ** ******** ******** of ****, ******* ********* noted **** ******* *********** typically *** ********. ******* cities *** **** ****** to **** *** ******** fiber ** ***** ** install ********* ************, ** they ****** ******:

  • "**% ***** ** *** cities, **** ******** ** less ********* ******"
  • "***** ************** (** ** 10,000 ***********) *** ***% wireless. *** ****** *** a ***** ******** ***** are *********** ****** *** wireless ***** ****** *******. "
  • "***** *** ******** */* to *** ***** *** a *** ******* ** too *********."
  • "********* * *** **** size, ******* ******** *********, and ******** ** *** telecom ******* **** **** vary * ***. * would *** **** ******* may ** **% *****, 35% ********, *** ********** is **** ****."
  • "**'* ***** **** *** half - ***** ** preferred ***** ********. **** facilities *** *** *** of **** *** *** easily ********* ******* ***** wireless *****."

Storage ***** ********

********: **** **** ** ******* is ****? ***? ***? SAN? ******* ********** ** not? ***?

*******: * ***** ******** **** network ***** ******* *** storage **********. *******, ******* 1/3rd *** ***, ********* a ****** ***** *****-** DVR *** *** *******. Surprisingly, ***** ***** *** city *******, **** *** not ****** ******* ********** (e.g., ****) ******* ** cost.

**********

*** ******** **** *** not ****** ******* ********** emphasized *** **** ** it:

  • "******* ********** ****** ****, due ** ****** **********."
  • "** *** ** ***** cost."
  • "** ********** *** ** cost"
  • "**** ** **********. **** are ****** * ******."
  • "********** ** ********** *** expensive."
  • "********** *** ****** ****** is ******** **** ******* but ** ******* ** budget ***********."

** *** ********** ****** up *** *********: "****** ***** ** ********** but *** ******. ** really ******* ** ***** and *** ******* ** the ****** ** ****** of *** ****** ** the ****'* ****."

** ********** **** *** stored ***** *** *** that ********, *** *** fact **** **** * non-trivial ********** ****** ********** implies ** ** **** many **** ******* *** simply **** **** ********** loss ** ******** *****.

******* ***** *******

**** *********** ***** ***** network ***** *******, ******* it ** * *** of ***, ** ********* in *** ******** *****:

***

  • "****** *** *** **** because ** ****** ******** over *** *******."
  • "*** ******* ** *****."
  • "** **** **** **** DDN *** *** ********* and ****** ********** ***** entire ***** ** ***** used ** ****** *** they **** **** **** 60 **** ** ******* recording *** *** *** cameras."
  • "*** **** ********** ** case ***** ** * drive *******."
  • "*** ** * *** locations *** ********** ******* locations."

***

  • "******* * ******* ***. Many ******* **** ****** analogue ******* ** ***** use ****."
  • "***. *****. ***********. ** redundancy *** ** ****."
  • "*** **** ******** **********. Right *** **'* ********* for ***** ***. *** municipality *** * ***** storage ***** *** *** services ******* ** *** determined * ******** ******* facility *** ***** ***** be **** **** ********* based ** *** ***** amount ** ********* ********."

* ******** **** ******* attached ** ********** *******. Some ** ***** ********* direct ******** *******:

***

  • "****** *** ** *** moment. ****** ******* ** industry's ****** **** *** is *** **** ********."
  • "********** *** *******, ** DAS. ** ***'* ******* systems **** * ******* without ****."
  • "*** ***** ** ****** on *** ******* **********, but ** *** ****** to *** *** ******* to ******* ** ** a *** **** **********."
  • "******** *** **** ** least **** * ******* redundancy."

*** * ********, *** somewhat ********** ********, ******** using ******* ***** **** NVR ** **** *** appliances:

  • "****** ******* **** *** easily ******* ** *** DVR/NVR ************ *** ******* by **** ************* *********.
  • "***** ******* **** ***/*** then ***** *** ********* to * ****** ******."
  • "**** *** ********* ****." (noted ***** **********)
  • "**** *** **** **** often. ** ******* ******* require **** ****** ******** to ********."
  • "*** ********* **** ** the *** *****. ** offsite ** ********* ******* yet. * ***'* ***** they *** *** ***** or **** *** **** for **** ***** ** redundancy ***."

Common ******* & ***** ********

********: **** ***** ** ******** occur **** ********** ******* or ********* ***** ** cameras?

*******:  ** *******, '*****' IS *** ******* ******* problem. *** **** ** finding * ****** ****** an *****, *** *** overall ******* ** *** source ** **** * classic *******, ***** ***** leads ** ****** ********* power ************ *********.

*** **** ****** ***-***** install ***** ** ****** navigating *** ******** ******** of ****** ******. *** mix ** ****-***** ***** and ***** ******** ***** put ********* ***** ** risk *** ******** ************ with ******* *** *********** or ******* ********.

***** ************

  • "****, ** *** **** light ***** *** ***** by *** ******** ******* rather **** *** ************. They ***** ***'* ***** attachment ** ******** ******* without * ***** *****. Court ****** *** ** for ***** **** ************* cameras, *** **** **** permanent *******. **, ** have ** ** **** creative ** ******* *** attachment ********* *** ***** sources. ** ** *** uncommon ** *** * new **** *** ***** base *** **** ******** service *********. ** ****** from **** ** ****."
  • "******* ***** **** *** power ******* *** **** time ** *** ***** guys ********* **** **** important **** ** **"
  • " ***** ** *** ************ is ******* ***** *** AC, *** *** * problem **** *** ******* techs ** **** *** power **** *********** ** each ********."
  • "***** ******* ****** ***** season - ***** **** damaged, **** *** ** UPS. ***'* ****** ***** camera **** *** ** UPS."
  • "************ ** ***** ** the ******* *******. *** this ****** ******* *** often ******* ** ****-***** or ** ********* ***** power ** *********. ** some ***** ** *** solar ***** *** ****** roadside *******."
  • "****** ****** ***** ** incorporate * *** ****** to ****** **** ********* power ****** *** ** given. ** *** ******** we ******** ** **** required ** ****** *********** to ********* ***** ******** by *********** *******."
  • "****** ** *** *********/***** pole ** ******* * battle ******* *** **** owner *** *** ****. If *** ***** **** is ****, *** ******* use * *** - light **** ***** ***. If ***, *** **** a ***** ******. ***** bridge ******** * ***** enclosure ***** ** **** high **** ****** - bad *** ********** **********."
  • "******* ** ******* ***** to *** *****, *** in ***** ***** ******* power *** *** ** feasible, ***** * ***** option."

***** *****

******* **** **** **** ideal ******* ** ******* issue. ****** ****** **** operate ** ***-******* **** voltages, ******* **** ******** stepped-down *** **** ********** steady ****** ** ******* well. *** ********** *** frequently ********** ******* ** cleaning ** ***** ***** is * ******* *****:

  • "* ****** ***** **** in **** ************ ** dirty *****. ****** ****** tend ** ******** ***** power ** ******* ***** during *********. ** * system ** *** ******* on ** ******** ***, brownouts ***** ***** ****** to *** ******* ***** are ********* ********* ** a ********** ******."
  • "*** ***** ** * must ** ***** ************ can ** * *** cause *** ******* ******** or ******* ************. ********** of *** *** ** critical *** *********** ******* areas *** ***** ****/***** out. "
  • "******** *********** ** **** unstable *** ******* ********* installed ** ********. ********** a ***, ***** ********* and ***** ********** ***** but ** ***** ** ********* installation."
  • "** ******, ** **** several ***** **** *** so **** *********, ******* fluctuations *** ******."
  • "*** ******* *** ************ of *********** *****. ********** in **** ****** ******* like ******* *** ********." 
  • "****** ***** **** ***** ** messy"
  • "******* **** ** *** **** the *********** ******* *** need ** ***** ** outdoor *** ** **** the ************ *********."

*********** ******** *****

** *** **** ********** cameras ** **** ****, but ** *** ** downright ***** ** **** of *** ***** ***** city ************ ** **** useful:

  • "** **** **** ****** "Murder **** ***" *** felt ** ***** ** directly ******* *** ***** in *** ****** ** turf *** **** ****. "
  • "*** ** *** ************ height, ******* *** ********* to *** ** **** to **** ********* ** required *** **** ******. Moreover, *** ****** ** required ** ** ******* in ***** ** ****** traffic ********** *** ******* or ******** *********."
  • "*** ******* ***** **** installing *** ******* *** the ****** ** *** areas ** **** ********** them **. ****** ** those ***** **** ** sleep ** ****** ****, so ******** *** ********** safe, *** *** ** not **** **** ** end ** ***** ***** dark. ****."
  • "***** ******** ****** ************* are ** ********* ********* special ***** *** ******* control ** ***** ** deploy. "
  • "******* ******* ***** ****** peak ***** *****"
  • "*** ******* ********* ** access ** **** *****, police ***********, ****** ************ and ********** ******."
  • "******* **** ************* ******* areas ** ** ******** off *** ********* ******* redirected ** ********** ****** to ******** *********. ******** much ** **** **** is **** *** ** hours ** ** ******* activity ******* *********** ** essential. "

Common ************

********: **** **** ** ***** party ************ (****** *******, intrusion, ****** ********, ***.) are *******?

*******:  **** ******* *** built **** ****** ************ to ****** ******** *** many **** **** ********** GIS ** *** ******* platform ** ****.  ** general, ***/**** ********* ***** the ***** ****, *** beyond **** ************ *** sporadic *** **** ** be *********:

****** ********

******* *** *********** ** the ***** ** ******* and *********** ** ******** is *** ********* ****** the **** ******* *** party ***********:

  • "****** ***** ** *********** with ******* ****** *** monitor ***** ** ******* parking ** ****."
  • "****** ******** / ***** walls **** *** **** real *** ***** ************"
  • "****** ******** ** ****** much *********."
  • "******** ****** ******** ** a ******* ** *** setup."
  • "******* ******* ********* ** police ********. *** *********** in ******* ************** ****** have ***** ***********. (********* jails ***** **** **** integration.)
  • "****** ****** ******** ***********, but **** ****** ******* and ********* ** ****."
  • "********* *********** **** ****** dispatch ** *********, *** is ****** ****** ********** another ****** *** *** really *********** **** *****. "

******* *******

************, ***** **** ** accurately ********* ***** * camera ** ******* *** coordinate ******** ** **** point *********** ****** *********** with ******* ********:

  • "***/*** - ********** *** for **** **** *.*. nearest *********, *************, *** AND ******** *** ********** vehicles ********* ******** ******: 100 (******* ** *** in **) **** *** to ******** ******* ********** vehicles, *********, ***."
  • "*** ****** **** ****** Police. ************* **** **** detection *******."
  • "*** ************ *** ******** weak *** ***** *******. We're ******* ** ****!"
  • " *********** *** ******* ** requested"
  • "*** ******* ** *** camera ********* ** *** VMS ******** ** **** common *** ***** *** officers **** ***** ** the ****** ********* ** proximity ** *** **** layout."

***/****

*******, ** ***** ** the '***** *********' *******, license ***** ******* ********* are ******* ****** ******* of **** ************:

  • "******* ***** ***********. ****** counting **** ***** ** bluetooth / **** ******* Still **** ******* *** of **-****** *********** ******* as ***** ********* **** in *** ******* **** situations."
  • "*** *** *** *********** clients, ***** **** ********** is * ******** **** and ** *** ****** most ********* ***********."
  • "********* ******* ***** *********** is *** **** ****** integration *** *** *************. These **** ***** *** located ********** *** **** and ******* "*******" ************* for ****** ********. ***** alerts **** ***** ****** to ******* ***** ******** as **** ** ******* forensic *********** ** **** solve ****** ** *** area. "
  • "******* ***** ***********, ***** responder ********* ***********, *** event *******, ***** ******."
  • "******* **** ********** ** ANPR ** ******* ********* where ****** *******."

******* *********

** * **** ****** extent, ******* ********* ********* are deployed ** **** ****-** on ******* ** ** occurs. *******, *********** ** these ******* *** ***** at **** *** ** do *** ****** *** integration ***** ** ************* grow **** ******** **********:

  • "** ********* *** ******* specifically ** ********* **** ShotSpotter. ******** *** **** the *******, *** ******** would ** **** ** view **** ** ***** vehicles ** **** *** better ****** **** ***********."
  • "*** **** *********** ** are ***** *** ** the **** *******, ***** is ******** ** ****."
  • "******* ****** *** **** of *** ************ ***** for ** **** **************."
  • "***** ********* *** ********."

****** ********

****** ****, ************ *** thin, **** ******* ******** noting **** ********* **** systems ********:

  • " * ***** *** **** no ************ *** '*******' as *** ***** ************ we *** ** ***** is *** **** (****** control *** *********)."
  • "**** *** ************. *** CCTV ******* ** ********* used ** * *****-************ control **** **** ***** despatch, ***. *** ***** are ******* ******** *******."
  • "* ***** *** **** no ************ *** '*******' as *** ***** ************ we *** ** ***** is *** **** (****** control *** *********). ******* were ********** ** **** in ******* ********* ***** budget *******."
  • "*** ****. ** **** only ********** ** ***** VMSs ** **** ******* that ****** **** *********"
  • "* **** *** *** any ***** *********** ***** than ******."

System **********

********: **** ** *** **** objective / *** ** the **** ************ ******?

*******:  ******* **** ** and ************ ***** *** cited ** *** ******* system ****, ******* ****** records ** ****** *** general ******* ********** **** also ******** *****.

***** **********/**********

*** ***** ******* **** of **** ************ ** to ******* ****** ****** by ********* ********** ** events **** *** *** be **** ** ** seen **** ******* *** enforcement ********.

  • "**** ********* ** **** safety *** ********** ** illegal *******."
  • "******* ***** ********* ** do ***** ******* ******** elsewhere."
  • "***** ********** *** ******** gathering *** ******** ******. Some ******* **** *****-******* such ** ******* **********, crime ********** *** ******* dumping ***."
  • "***** ********** *** *********, evidence ********* *** *****"
  • "** ******* ******* ****** safety"
  • "****** ****** (*****, **** dealing, ****** ********)"
  • "** ******* ******* ****** safety."
  • "***** ********* *** *** most ****."

******* ********

*******, ** **** ***** deterrence ** **** ** futile, *** ***** ****** becomes *** ******* ****** of ********* ***** ** crimes *** ***** ******* were ********:

  • "***** ***** *** **** for **** ******** ********."
  • "**** *** ******** ***** has **** ********** ** helping ***** **** ******."
  • "****** ** *** ************* after ** ****** *****. The **** ********."
  • "#* ** ** ***** video ** ********* ********* ***** ** laws."
  • "*** **** ******** ** very ****** *** ******* and ******** ****** ***** while ** **** ***** live ***** *** **** critical ** ************ *** prosecuting ****** ********* ** the ******."
  • "******* *** ******** **** required. ** ****** *** enforcement ** **** ** eye ** *** ***."
  • "***** ***** *** ****** evidence ** ******."
  • "*** ****** ** (*************) mainly **** ** * traffic ********** ****** *** a ******** **** ** order ** *** *** figure *** *********. ** has **** * ***** successful ******** **** *** the **** ********* ** the ****** ** *** to ** ********. "

******* **********

** **** *****, *** prime **** ** *** criminal *** ***********, *** automobile ******** **********. **** responses ***** **** ******* situational ********* ** ******* was *** *** ***********:

  • "******* *********** (*** *****, average-speed, *******, ***.)"
  • "********** ** **** **** for ******* ****"
  • "***** ******* ********* ******* laws."
  • "******* *******, ********* ********"
  • "******* ******* ** ******** areas *** ** ******* unusual ********** ** ******* areas *** ******* *********."
  • "********** ******* **** ** media *******, *** ********* information ** ******** ******* signalling ******* ** *** traffic ****."
  • "**** ****** **** * separate ****** *** ******* management."

 ****** ***** **********

*******, **** ********* ***** a *** ******* ** surveillance ** ******* ** stretch ********** ********* ******* through **** ********* ********** of ******** *** ********* response ***** ** ***** the '*** ** *** sky':

  • "** ***** *** ****** to ******* **** ***** with **** ********."
  • "****** ************ ******* ***** in * ******* ********** station *********** "******" ********** and *** ****** ******** in *** ******."
  • "*** ******* *** **** certainly * ***** ********** for *** *** *********** agencies."
  • " **** ** *** ** the ****, ******* ********** intelligence ** ****'* *********."

Biggest *****

********: *** **** *** **** surveillance ******? *** ***** dedicated ***** ********** *******? Why ** *** ***?

*******: **************, ****** *********** are *** **** ******** citied *****. *******, * variety ** ******* *** lower-profile ******* **** ******** also *** ****** *****. In *******, **** **** agencies *** **** ** larger **************, **** ********* are **** ******** ********. Not *** ******, *** certainly *** *** ******* are ********* ****:

******/***** **********

*** *********** ** ******* the ******* ****, ** not * *** ***********, in **** **** ************ systems:

  • "*** ****** **** **. There *** ********* ****** officers ** *** ****** is ****** **** ** fight *****."
  • "*** ****** **** **** the ******. ***** ** dedicated ***** ********** *** cameras ****."
  • "****** *** *** ******. They **** ********* ***** because *** ****** ********, reporting."
  • "****** ****** **** ********* staff."
  • "*** ****** *** *** biggest *********. **** ******* are *********, **** ****'*."
  • "****** ***********, ********* ***** is ******* ******* *****."
  • "********* ** ***** * video **** ** *** E911 ******. *** ** or ******** ********** **** operate *** ******. ********** in ******** ************** *** permitted ** ****** *** access *** ******. ***** are ********* *** ********* staffs ** *** ****** systems, *** **** ** are ***** **** ***** cities."

**** **********

** * ****** ******, the ******* ***** *** general ****/***-********* ********. ***** the ********* ****** ******, city ************ ** ********* a ******* ******** **** multiple ****** ******** *** utilize ** ******:

  • "**** ********* ***********. ** some *********. ***** *** high ******* ***** *** up ** ******** *** the ****, *** **** are ****** ******* **** a ******* ****** **** of ********."
  • "*** **** ******** ***** (not ************) ******** ****, and ***** ** ********** others."
  • "**** ********* ********* ** the ***** ****** ** larger ******. ** ******* cities, ** ***** ********* to **********. ** ***** only."
  • "******* ***** **********. ***, there *** ********* ***** for **********, ******* **** paid ** ** **** job."
  • "**% ** **** *** public ********** ********* *** monitoring. **% *** **** from ******. **** *** more ******** *** ****** servicemen ********* *** ********** to ****** *** ***** costs ******* ** ********."
  • "******** *** ***** **********. Staff ** ********* *** to *************** ** ***********."
  • "**** ********* ***********. ** some *********. ***** *** high ******* ***** *** up ** ******** *** the ****, *** **** are ****** ******* **** a ******* ****** **** of ********."

**** **********

******* *** **** **** of ********* ******* *********, most ****** *** **** operators.  ******** ** *** always ****-****, *** **** responses ******** *** ******** of ******** ** *** to ******* ****** *************:

  • "********* ** *** ****, the ******** ** ************* operate * ******** ******. Others ******* ******* ********* control ***** ***** ******* a **/* ********. ** purely ***** **** ** the ********* ****** ****** the **** ********** **** reactive ********."
  • "******* ******** *** ****. No *** ****** ** the *******."
  • "***** ****'* ********* ***** monitoring *******."
  • "** *** ******, **** people (*** **** ******) have **** ******* ** use *** ******."
  • "******, **** ********, **** are *** ********** **/*"
  • "**** ******* *** *********, most aren't *** ** ******** cost."
  • "*** ******** ***** *** afford ********* ********** *****. Besides, ** *** **** how **** ****** *** monitor *** ******* ****** with ******* *** ******** periods ** ****."

Purchase *** *********** *******

********: **** ************ ** ******** pays *** *** **** surveillance ******? *** ** they *** *** *****?

*******:  ** **** *****, funding ***** **** *** enforcement ****** *******, ******* grants ** ********** *****, or * *** ** both. *******, * ********** number ** ******* ********* describe *** ******* **** the ******* ****** *****, with *********-******** ********* *** businesses ************ **** ** the *******: 

****** ******/*******

  • "** ****** *** *****, the *** *********** ****** itself **** *** *********** and ********* *** ****** once **'* *********."
  • "*** ****** **********. **** get *** ******* **** the ******** ** ******** Affairs ** *** ******* government."
  • "****** ************* ***** *** central ********** ******** ** Home *******"
  • "******* ****** ** ****** department, * ** ********* how **** ******* ***** funds *** * **** it **** **** *** city *******."
  • "******** ********(******) **** *** the ****** *** **** get *** ****** ******** from ***."
  • "******* *** ***********. ******* sources - ****** *****, budgets, ***."

********** ******

  • "**** ************ ******* *** be ****** ******* ******* means ********* ****** ********** grants"
  • "** *** *** ***** come **** *** ************."
  • "******** ** ***** **********, funding ** **** *** government ********."
  • "*** ********** *** **** the ****** **** ****** these ***********. ***** *** money ***** **** ********* recovered ****** *** ** losses ***** *********** **** been *******. ** ***** cases ******* ***** *** infrastructure *** *** ** making ***** ******** ** ahead."
  • "*** ***** ******** ******** funding (****) *** *** main ******* ******."

******* *******

  • "*** ******** ** *** funding ***** **** ******* donation **** *** ***** business ** *** ****.  I ***'* **** ***** percentages, *** ** *** a ***** ** ********** from *** ***** ******** community **** ******* *** program, *** *** ******** and *** **** ******* the ******* *** ** years ** ****."
  • "******* *********. *** ***** comes **** *** ********* or *********** **** **** to **** ****** ** the ****** ** **** of * ******** *********. Not *** ********* *** allowed ** ****** *** system ***** ** * strict ******* ** *********."
  • "** *** ***** ********** and ******* ****** ************* contribute **** ** *** purchase ****** **** *** government ****** *** ****."
  • "*** ********** *** *** a ******* ** *** staff, *** *** **** pays *** *** ****. It ** *** ** a ********** **** ** actively ******* ** ****** the ****** ** ******* developers *** ********* ********** to ***** ** *** for ********** ******* *** staff ** ************* *****."
  • "********* *** ***** ** found ******* *******, *********** taxes, ** **** ******** means."

******* *****

**** ********* ***** **** funding **** ***** **** the ********** ** *****, often **** ******** ** events ******** ********* ** the ***** ******:

  • "**** *** ****, ****-****** CCTV ******* *** **** being **** ** ******* road ******* *********** *** this ********* ****** **** fines."
  • "***** **** **** ******** projects *** ***** ********/***** cities/etc. *** **** ******* fines."
  • "******** ****** *** ***** are **** ** **** video ************ *** ***********."
  • "**** ***** **** ******, but ***** ******* ******* traffic **** *** ********* speed ** ******* *****." 

Who ****** *** **************?

********: *** ********* ****** *** city ************ ****** *************? Does **** ****** ** good *******? *** ** why ***?

*******:  *** ******** ** poor ****** *** ****** always ***********, *** **** cities *** ** **** off *** **** *** employing ******** ***********.  *******, this **** *** ****** guarantee * **** ****** due ** ************ ****** and *********** ** ***** consultants. 

** *******, *** '*** results' *** ***** ******** consultants **** *********** ** outdated *****, ***** ************* are ******* *** **** latitude ** ***** **** language, ** ***** ************ causes ***** ***** ** 'paper **************' ****** **** on *********** **** ** practical ***********.

*********** **** *****

*****, **** ******** *** worth ********, ****** ****** is ***** ********* ** security ***********.  *** *** result ********* ******* ******** on ******* *** ********** is * **** ******** or ***:

  • "**** ************** *** ********* written ** ***********. *** general ******* ** ******* completed ** *** *********** and **** ****** ****** to **********. ** **** cases *** ********* ************* is *** ** * high-quality ** ** **** not ********* *** ******** outcomes ** * ********** degree. **** *** ** due ** *** ********** not ***** ******* **** his ********* ** ******-******* television, ********** **-***** ******* and *** ********** ************ that ********* **** ****** networks *****."
  • "** ** ****** ******* by * ********** ******* for *** ******/*****-********** *********."
  • "************** *** ******* ******* by ***********. *** *** most ****, *********** ********** the ***** *** *** available **********. **** **** to ********** **** ** the ***** *********** ******** as ******* ** **** written *****."
  • "*** **** **** ************** are ********* **** ** a ********** *** ********. The ****** ************** **** from ******** *********** *** understand *** ** ***** for **** *** ***** technology ** ** ******** by ********* ***********."
  • "*** ************* *** ********* written ** *********** ** specifier ********* *** ********* for ********** ****** *** Olympic *****. ************* *** same ************* ** ***** active *** *** ****** expansions *** *********** ********* to **."

*** *******

*******, ***** ******** ** a '*** ******' *** not ****** ******* * consultant ******* *** ***. Indeed, ******* ********* ***** the ******* ** ************-****'* *********, incomplete **** ***********, ** just **** ********* ************* being *** **** *****:

  • "***** ***** **** **** one ** *** ******** contractor. *********** *** **** for ******** *****. *** quality ** ****. ** risk ********** *** **** done."
  • "**'* ****** ******* ** tender ********, *** ****** don't **** *** **********. They ****** **** ********* from ****** *, *** tender *, *** *** it *** ******** ** a *** ****** *. Which ****** **** ** unclear **************."
  • "******** **** ** *** "paper **************" **** ****** of ********* ** * problem *** ****** ************ able ** ******* **-******* images."
  • "**** ***** *** ****, but **** *** ***** too ********** ** ******** manufacturers *** **** * good ************ **** *** consultant."
  • "*********** ****. ******* *** complete, ********, **-**-****. ********** has ** ** ******** survey ** *****, **********, site ********, ***. **** the *********** **** ******* doesn't **."
  • "************** ********* ** "******** consultants" *** ****** *********, out ** **** *********** or ******** ***** **********. Forget *&* ***********. *** security *********** *** *&* firms *** *****, ***. But **** ** ******** areas ** ****** *** right ********* *** ***** and ********, *** ** design *** ******** ***********."

**** *******

**********, **** ***** * specification ****?  ******* ********* mentioned **** ***** ****, which ********* ********* *****-*********** and ****-******* **** **********, and ** ***** *** internal ********** ****** **** can **** ***** (** not ****) *** ******* and ****** *** ***** goals.

  • "** ***** **********. ***** well ** *** ********* experience ********* *** ** guides ** ************ ********"
  • "*** ****** ***** ** and **** *** * third ***** (********) ********** to ****** ** *** get ** ** **** sense. **** ** * very ********* ******."
  • "*** ****** ******* *** spec ***** ** ********** the ********** **** *** buying *** *** ** works."
  • "*** **** **** **** been ******* ** * committee (********* *** **, police *** ******* ***********) are **** ********** *** comprehensive."
  • "*** **** ******* *** developed **** * ** / ******* ********** ********/************ with ** *********** ******* integrator *** *** ********** designed *** ******** ********* size ***** ************ *******."

Biggest *********** ******

********: *** ***** *** improve *** **** ************ systems *** **** ****** on?

*******:  ****** *********** **** video ********* **** ****. The ******** ****** ****** was **** ****. *******, several ********* ***** **** an ******* *********** ** quality *** ******** ** cameras, ********, *** ********* hardware ***** ***** *** best ***********.

***** ********* **** ****

  • "**** *** **** ******** about ***** ********* *** their ************ *** *** high *** *** ******* analytics ** ****."
  • "**** ********* **** *********** algorithms, ** ***** ** wonders ** ********* ********* criminals ********."
  • "** ***** **** ** improve ** ** ****** video *********."
  • "******** **** ***** ***** analytics"
  • "*** ********* ** ****** in *** **********."

******/******** ********

*** ******** ** ******* on ********* ** *******.  In ****, ******* ********* noted **** *** *************** improvement ** ******** ************ gear ***** ** * big **** ** *** system:

  • "*********** ** ******** *** cameras."
  • "****** ******* *** ****** images ** **** ** need ****."
  • "** ****** ******* *** network ************** ** ******* multicast."
  • "*** ******* **** ** long ** ***** *******, by *** *** *** first ******* *** ********."
  • "** ***** *** ** cameras ** ******* **** of *** **** *** lower *****."
  • "** ****** ******* ** buy **** ********* ** the ********* ****** **** learn *** ****** ** cheap **** ** *** beginning, *** *** ****** would ** **** ******."
  • "****** *** ******* ***** if *********, **** ******* to "******" ******* **** pole ** ********* / viewing ****."
  • "** ****** ******* *** network ************** ** ******* multicast."
  • "* ***** ******** *** bandwidth ******* ******* *** buildings, ** ******* ***** a **** **** ** retrieve ***** ******* *********."
  • "***** * ******** ****** complete **** *****, ****, 4G ********* *******."
  • "******* ************* *** ** improved ***** **** ***** nodes."
  • "****** *********** *** *** network ************."

Comments (10)

I'm loving all the applied expertise you're getting from these surveys.

Hello. We are about to install our 1500th HD networked crime camera here in New Orleans. Our cameras are all networked and continuously stream to our Incident Monitoring Center, where we selectively live-monitor groups of cameras based on 911 calls for service. I'm curious how our system stacks up against other city-wide HD networked crime camera systems. Does anyone know how many HD cameras that other city-wide systems have networked into a single monitoring center? Also, does anyone know how often other systems help close felony investigations via arrest or warrant, or how many UCR index crimes they may engage?

While I know that our system is doing a great deal of good for our city, I'm looking for some benchmarks for comparative purposes. Thanks in advance!

Bryan,

Your system (We reviewed it here - Project NOLA - 500+ Camera City System at 90% Lower Cost) is fundamentally a lot different than almost every other city system we have seen. Usually city systems are centrally organized / deployed / management by the government. There are pros and cons to both approaches.

Why do you care how many HD cameras other cities have? Surely Chinese cities have tens of thousands. That does not take away from your system.

As for arrests and warrants, those types of statistics appear to be uncommon. Every once in a while one gets released, but it is not the norm.

We are looking for benchmarks to gauge the success of our system, which appears to be unprecedented here in the United States. Learning how we compare in size and cost has not proven to be too difficult. However, we are having trouble comparing the number of UCR index crimes that are engaged per month or year. As you mentioned, these kind of stats are hard to come by. Thoughts?

Is anyone selling still selling analog cameras or has IP finally won?

Chris,

IP can 'win' even if someone is selling analog cameras. In the city segment, I doubt more than a distinct minority are deploying new analog (SD) systems.

We have new SMB reports coming out next week that show how much even the low end is changing (not necessarily to IP but to HD analog).

John, A very insightful report. For these city surveillance projects, who are the people in the police department, city management that are the decision makers and evaluators of the solution? Thanks, Mike

Great article! I am in the early stages of exploring the "City surveillance" market segment. Can anyone give me an idea of who within the cities and police departments are the decision makers and evaluators for the proposed solution.

Any insight is much appreciated.

All those jobs are put up for bid. For bids around your area, go to the City or County website and find the Purchasing Department. You should sign up to their vendor list to receive bids that might interest you. You can also register to paid or free bid list. This one is free http://www.securityservices.link/

Thanks for the help.

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