China Subway Facial Recognition System Examined

By: Charles Rollet, Published on Jun 24, 2019

A China city of 6+ million people has installed facial recognition-enabled gates in subways, allowing commuters to enter stations by simply showing their face, thus bypassing ticket/card/phone use. How accurate and efficient is the system?

China Subway Facial Recognition System

In this note, IPVM examines the use of facial recognition for public transit in the PRC. We find that implementation problems persist chiefly due to the systems' use of identification instead of verification, and take a closer look at:

  • System Background & Scale
  • Who Supplies this
  • Purpose
  • How It Works
  • Identification, Not Verification
  • Effectiveness/Issues
  • Government Response
  • Human Rights Concerns

* ***** **** ** 6+ ******* ****** *** installed ****** ***********-******* ***** in *******, ******** ********* to ***** ******** ** simply ******* ***** ****, thus ********* ******/****/***** ***. How ******** *** ********* is *** ******?

China Subway Facial Recognition System

** **** ****, **** examines *** *** ** facial *********** *** ****** transit ** *** ***. We **** **** ************** problems ******* ******* *** to *** *******' *** of********************* **************, *** **** * closer **** **:

  • ****** ********** & *****
  • *** ******** ****
  • *******
  • *** ** *****
  • **************, *** ************
  • *************/******
  • ********** ********
  • ***** ****** ********

[***************]

**********

*** ******* **** **** fully ****** *** ** only *** **** ** far: ***** (***********.* *******) ***** ******** its *****-**** ****** ****** ***** ** **** year,**** ****** ***** *****. Here ** **** * Jinan ****** **** *** booth ******** ***** ****, as ***** ** * local *************:

*****

**** *** ********** **** also **** ************ *********************,*** ***** **** ***-*** trials **** **** ***** actually ***********.

Purpose, ***** ******** ******

******* ***** ***** ****** Xinhua*********** *****'* ****** ** more ********* **** *********** gates:

*** ****** *********** ****** enables ** ****** ** pass *** ******** **** every ******, ***** ***** traditional ******** *** **** only ** ****** *******.

***** ***** ***** *************** ****** ******* ***** **** ** the ****** ** "**** one ** * *******", an ******** *****.

******** ******** ******* **** not ***** ************ *** the ***** ****, ***** facial *********** ** ****** transport *** * ***** public ******** **** ** terms ** ******** ********: fooling * **** ***-***** ticket ****** ** ************* harder **** **** ****** an ********* ****** **** ticket, ** ***** *** transit ***** ** ******* commuter.

Supplier - ******

*** ******* ****** *** terminals ********, * ** ******/******** startup ***** ** ******** with ***+ *********, ********* to **********.

*************** ****** *********** ********* have ****** ******** *********, a****** ******* ** *** field.

**** ****, ********** ****** $*** ********* * ****** * round ** ********* *** by *******'* ** ***. Orbbec *** **** ****** at $* *******, ****** it *** ** *****'* AI ********. *** ******** have*********** ** * ********** to *********, ******* *******-****** facial *********** *******, ******** Orbbec ******* **** ******** on ** *******.

How ** *****

********* *** *** *** facial *********** ****** (***** is ********) ** *********** the ******'* "***** *****" app *** *********** ***** face ** ****** * selfie. **** ***** **** has **** ********, ********* then **** ** ** specific ***** ** *** subway ******* **** **** rec ********* ***** *** size ** ** **** fixed ** *** ***, then **** **** *** camera ** ** ******* in.

** ***** ** ********* ***** ******,*** ****** ** ***** integrated **** *** ******** subway *****:

******* **** *** ***'* face ** ********, ** theoretically, ***** ********* *** take **** ******* **** if **** ** *** have ***** ***** ** wallet. *** *** *** subway ***** *** ****-*** enabled: **** ***** *********** ********* * ** *** gates ******** **** *** system:

Identification, *** ************

*** ***** ****** ****** is ************* ********* **** other ***-**-**** ******* ** China. *** *******, ** is ******** ***** ** **** *****/*********** by ***** ***'* ****- *******, ************* ***** ***** ********* numbers *****,***** ** ******** **** to ** ******* ***** the **** *** ********** registered ***/*** ****. *** system **** ******** *** customer's **** ** ** existing *****, ** *:* matching ** **** ************.

****** *** *****/********** *******, Jinan's ****** **** *** require ********* ***'* ********* number ** *** ***** form ** ** - only ***'* **** ** needed. ***** ******* **** use**************, *** ************. **** means *** ***** ****** AI ** ******** ** identify ********* ******* **** thousands ** ****** ** the ******, ** '*:*' matching.

Identification ** * *** ******

************** ** **** **** difficult **** ************ ***** the ****** **** ******* the ********'* **** ******* many ****** ****** **** just ***.

**** *** ******** *** companies **** *:* ********, for *******,** *** **** **** year******* ***************** *** ****** *********** terminals ***** ******* ** to **,*** *****. ***** that *** **** *** a ******/**********, * ****** transit ****** *** **** hundreds ** ********* ** even ******** ** *****, a **** ***** ****** matching ******* **** ****.

*************/********

*** ****** ** **** Jinan's ****** ****** *********** solution *** *********** ******** which **** **** ******** its ******* *** ****, with ***** *** ******** remaining ************.

*** ***** ****** ******************* "*** **** *** didn't ******* **** * tried ** *** ** face ** *** **** the *******. **** **** it's **** **** * marketing *******." * ***** reporter*** * ****** *** ******, ******* verification **** ***** **** seconds, ************* ****** ****** ********* ** ***** ******* 30-40 ****** *** ****** (or *** ****** ***** 1-2 *******).

**** ** * ********** from *** ********'* ***** - *** ***** *** on *** **** "******** user *** *** *****":

******* ***** ** ********* mismatches. ********** ******** *************** *** **** ***** & ********** ** *** Jinan ***** *** *** found **** *** *********** issues ******* ** ***** or ***** ********* ******** will ** ***** ** the ***** **********:

***high ***** ** ****** ************ between twins, triplets, and [other identical siblings] may bring risks and payment issues like registration failure, abnormal ********, ******** **** *********, or multiple fare deduction, etc, which may bring damage to your personal properties. By clicking "Agree" to the Terms of Service, you *********** ********* **** *****. [emphasis added]

*** ***** **** ******** Jinan ***** **** *** liability ** ***** ** hacking ** ****** *******.

Social ***** *********

**** ******* ****** ***** users **** **** **** had ****** **** *** system, **********:

  • ***** ******** ***** **, I ***** **** **** faces *** *** **********. The *********** ****** ** very ********. ** *** don’t *** ********** *** 10 *******, ***'** **** up ** ***** **** card. (******)
  • *** **** *********** ***'* as **** ** ** school's ******* (******)
  • ***** **** *** **** to ** *** **** rec, *** **** ** take **** ******* *** or ** *****'* **** (******)

Government ******** ** ******

** ********, *** ***** subway *********** * ***** **************** ** ******* ********** about *** ****** *********** system. *** ******* ****** users *** ******** ***** faces **** **** ******/**********, along **** ************* ********** in *** ******** ****** image ******* ******.

***** **** *** ****** is ******* ** ******* learning *** *** ******* over ****, *** *********** that ***** **** * place **** ***** ***** with ** ***** ** record ***** **** *** avoid ****** *********.

Privacy/Human ****** ********

** ** ******* **, the *** ** ********* information ** *** ****** transit ***** **** ** even ****** *** ******** forces ** ***** ******'* movements. ** ********** *********, a ****-***** ****** ***** it ******* *** ****** to *** ********* ******* or **** ****** ***** cards. *** ***** *** used ****** ******* ************ for ************* ********:

  • ** ****, ******* ** the ****** ***** **** sect **** ********* ***** on ***** ************ ******** of **** ******* ******** on * ***, ********* to *********** ** ***** **** Freedom ***** (*** **** 127)
  • ****** *** ****** **** protests ** **** ****, protestors ***** *** ************ ******-**** ******* **** cash******* ** ***** ***** subway *****, ***** ***** be **** *** ******** purposes
  • ** ********, ***** *** PRC ** ********** * campaign ** *****************************, *********** ***** ****** recognition *************** ***** ********

*****, ***** ** ** indication **** ****** *********** for ****** ******* ** spreading ** *****, ** that ** **** ** made **********. ************, *** Jinan ****** ******* ******** voluntary.

**********

***** *** ***** ******'* use ** **** *** made **** *********, ***** remains *** *** **** using ****** *********** ** a **** ****** ******* solution ** *** *******, with *** ********* ************ involving *:* ******** ****** a *********** ******.

Comments (4)

** **** ***** ** Shenzhen *** *****'* ** overcrowded ***** *** **** queues, *** *** *** payment ******** *** *** security ***** ****** *** even *** **** *** stations.

** *** ********* *** of ****** **** ****** is ****** **** ** is ********* **** ******* to *** ** ****, and ** *** ******* time ** *** ********** in *** ****** ** time *****.

***** **** ******* ****** to **** * ******* work, ***** ** **** there ** ** ***** in *** **** *****. I ***** ******* *** objective ** *** *** speed *** *** ******** people.

***** *** * ****** Gates ** *** *******, not *** ** *** article ******.

***'** *****, ****** *** pointing **** ***. *'** corrected *** *******.

**** ** *** (*****) that ****** **** ****** up * ****** ? May ** *** ******* brothers ***** **** ** give **** * ***

Read this IPVM report for free.

This article is part of IPVM's 6,435 reports, 865 tests and is only available to members. To get a one-time preview of our work, enter your work email to access the full article.

Already a member? Login here | Join now

Related Reports

Clinton Public View Monitor (PVM) Mask Detection Tested on Jul 09, 2020
Face mask detection, or more specifically not wearing one, is expanding...
TVT / InVid Facial Recognition Tested on Mar 25, 2020
Facial recognition is frequently sold for thousands of dollars per channel...
Monitoreal "Completely Autonomous" Home AI Tested on Feb 12, 2020
Monitoreal claims to allow users to "see the things you want (people,...
Dahua Smart Motion Detection Camera Tested on Mar 03, 2020
Dahua has introduced Smart Motion Detection, AI-based VMD, claiming to use an...
Breaking Into A Facility Using Canned Air Tested on Jan 28, 2020
Access control is supposed to make doors more secure, but a $5 can of...
FLIR Screen-EST Screening Software Tested on Jun 30, 2020
In our FLIR A Series Test, the cameras' biggest drawback was their lack of...
YCombinator AI Startup Visual One Tested on Apr 02, 2020
Startup Visual One, backed by Silicon Valley's powerful Y Combinator, aims to...
Bias In Facial Recognition Varies By Country, NIST Report Shows on Jul 15, 2020
While many argue that face recognition is inherently racist, results from one...
Access Visitor Management Systems Guide on Jul 22, 2020
"Who are you, and why are you here?" Facilities that implement Visitor...
Vivotek LPR Camera Tested on Apr 15, 2020
Vivotek has historically sold license plate capture cameras but not LPR. Now,...
Avigilon Face Mask Detection Tested on Jun 24, 2020
Face mask detection or, more specifically not wearing a face mask, is an...
Facial Recognition 101 on Mar 18, 2020
Facial recognition interest, use and fear is increasing. This guide aims to...
Uniview Deep Learning Camera Tested on Jul 14, 2020
Uniview's intrusion analytics have performed poorly in our shootouts. Now,...
Injes Tiny Temperature Terminal Tested on Jul 17, 2020
While temperature terminals have trended bigger, the Injes DFace801 is...
Add Door Operators To Fight Coronavirus on Mar 31, 2020
IPVM recommends that integrators advocate and end-users consider adding door...

Recent Reports

SIA Coaches Sellers on NDAA 889B Blacklist Workarounds on Aug 05, 2020
Last month SIA demanded that NDAA 899B "must be delayed". Now that they have...
ADI Returns To Growth, Back To 'Pre-COVID Levels' on Aug 05, 2020
While ADI was hit hard in April, with revenue declining 21%, the company's...
Exposing Fever Tablet Suppliers and 40+ Relabelers on Aug 05, 2020
IPVM has found 40+ USA and EU companies relabeling fever tablets designed,...
Indian Government Restricts PRC Manufacturers From Public Projects on Aug 04, 2020
In a move that mirrors the U.S. government’s ban on Dahua and Hikvision...
Directory of 200 "Fever" Camera Suppliers on Aug 04, 2020
This directory provides a list of "Fever" scanning thermal camera providers...
Face Masks Increase Face Recognition Errors Says NIST on Aug 04, 2020
COVID-19 has led to widespread facemask use, which as IPVM testing has shown...
Dahua Loses Australian Medical Device Approval on Aug 04, 2020
Dahua has cancelled its medical device registration after "discussions" with...
Google Invests in ADT, ADT Stock Soars on Aug 03, 2020
Google has announced a $450 million investment in the Florida-based security...
US Startup Fever Inspect Examined on Aug 03, 2020
Undoubtedly late to fever cameras, this US company, Fever Inspect, led by a...
Motorola Solutions Acquires Pelco on Aug 03, 2020
Motorola Solutions has acquired Pelco, pledging to bring blue back and make...
False: Verkada: "If You Want To Remote View Your Cameras You Need To Punch Holes In Your Firewall" on Jul 31, 2020
Verkada falsely declared to “3,000+ customers”, “300 school districts”, and...
US GSA Explains NDAA 889 Part B Blacklisting on Jul 31, 2020
With the 'Blacklist Clause' going into effect August 13 that bans the US...
Access Control Online Show July 2020 - On-Demand Recording of 45+ Manufacturers Presentations on Jul 30, 2020
The show featured 48 Access Control presentations, all now recorded and...
Face Detection Shootout - Dahua, Hanwha, Hikvision, Uniview, Vivotek on Jul 30, 2020
Face detection analytics are available from a number of manufactures...
Sunell is The First China Manufacturer to Market NDAA Compliance on Jul 30, 2020
Most China manufacturers are going to be impacted by the NDAA 'Blacklist...