Chinese Government Backdoor Spies on African Union Revealed

Author: John Honovich, Published on Jan 29, 2018

For 5 years, a Chinese government backdoor was used to spy on the African Union, according to a Le Monde investigative report. As is their tactic, China angrily dismissed the report as absurd.

China had 'donated' the building and computer system 6 years ago. As Le Monde explained:

In January 2017, the small computer unit of the AU discovered that its servers were strangely saturated between midnight and 2 am. The offices were empty, the activity was dormant, but data transfers were at a peak. A zealous computer scientist then looked into this anomaly and realized that the internal data of the AU were massively diverted. Every night, the secrets of this institution, according to several internal sources, found themselves stored more than 8,000 km from Addis Ababa, mysterious servers hosted somewhere in Shanghai, the Chinese megacity.

The report added that such transfers went on for 5 years, starting in 2012.

The Chinese furnished servers have since been removed and replaced.

China has been spending heavily to win over less developed countries as part of its 'Belt and Road' program.

Chinese Backdoor Concerns

Backdoor concerns in physical security are clearly rising, given backdoors in products from all 3 of the largest Chinese video surveillance manufacturers have been found in the past year (e.g., Hikvision, Dahua, Uniview).

Apologists often argue that China either (1) has no interest or (2) would not risk such backdoor misuse or (3) that it would be easy to immediately find out. The African Union backdoor spying undercuts all of that.

Use In Government Facilities

Given the African Union backdoor revelation, it increases the urgency of the question of whether products made by Chinese government-controlled companies, like Hikvision, should be used in any government facilities.

Vote / Poll

Comments (25)

Only IPVM PRO Members may comment. Login or Join.

Silly African Union, your Chinese friends are simply providing you with free cloud backup services!

I don't know why but this song pops into my head.

It wasn't me

TVT coming up to join soon

So I wonder what secrets China got?

Apologists often argue that China either (1) has no interest or (2) would not risk such backdoor misuse or (3) that it would be easy to immediately find out. The African Union backdoor spying undercuts all of that.

I would say that #3 is reinforced in this case at least. I mean all it took was someone to notice off-hours massive saturation of their servers and network, which obviously could have been avoided by a slightly smarter intercept program.

Also, note that the data center itself was paid for, designed and staffed by the Chinese government. So, I’m not sure what their surprise was.

Also, note that the data center itself was paid for, designed and staffed by the Chinese government. So, I’m not sure what their surprise was.

But it was so cheap!!!

the data center itself was paid for, designed and staffed by the Chinese government. So, I’m not sure what their surprise was.

The surprise was assuming China was their 'friends'. If you give your neighbor a PC, should they expect you to spy on their home network? Evidently, you are exposing your biases being realistic about Chinese spying?

As for being able to notice it, yes, I would agree. Though that is a little bit of a cat and mouse game. And given China's push for cloud AI, once they 'gift' that to you it's going to be hard to tell if they are uploading video for cloud AI processing or your internal information / secrets.

If you give your neighbor a PC, should they expect you to spy on their home network?

Yes, but this is a foreign government, not a neighbor you know personally. And governments are known to spy.

For instance, also from Le Monde:

British spying: tentacles reach across Africa’s heads of states and business leaders

I find it amusing to see the posts about the Chinese Equipment when the yanks finance the largest spying network in the world. When I was a young fellow, when buying tools I would always look for the Made in USA brand and an indication of a quality tool (Proto etc) not any more, American brands made in China. Same here in Au.

Excuse me, but we don't have a spying network. We have a monitoring network, and it's for our own good. And the FISA court is there to protect our privacy. Just read the memo.

Just read the memo.

I should or you did?

We were part of a major upgrade of 7 buildings at the AU HQ about 4 years ago that included the removal of all Chinese access control and video products. We partnered with Holland based TKH Security to provide a integrated platform for both access and VMS though a DC based integrator. They seemed very anxious to remove all the "donated" systems at least on the security side.

So have they known all this time that they were being spied on?

Maybe they thought it was the price they had to pay?

I think that they suspected this was the case but the conditions of the "donation" of the buildings were that they kept the installed systems in for a period of time. These systems also came with Chinese nationals as operators. We saw a similar situation in Libya about 7 years ago before it all fell apart. We were replacing the access control for the Cell provider there and found that they had recently upgraded to 3g service and a Chinese company had won the upgrade over Vodaphone and a division of Verizon. They provided the equipment and labor for two years.

Well, I guess this somewhat clears up the conversation today where I stated at this point we can only speculate their intent.

Maybe they actually thought nobody would notice. I mean, if they provided the equipment and most likely the installation free of charge, it's safe to assume they believed there wasn't anyone there smart enough to catch on to what they were doing, especially if they were told the systems would be backing up to the cloud at night.

In this case, the cloud meant the data aggregator China uses to steal technology from just about everyone. Why spend on R&D when you can just take other people's ideas? It isn't a coincidence that almost all of China's new weapon systems look like/are direct clones of US hardware.

I can say one thing, China's knockoff game is on point.

Exhibit A: https://news.usni.org/2015/10/27/chinas-military-built-with-cloned-weapons

I raised this issue a few years ago stating that Hikvision was the worlds largest trojan horse and no one believed me.

...and no one believed me.

Let the record show that at least three (3) did ;)

And apparently there were three Chinese nationals here at the time also.

How do these Chinese servers back up your Hikvision claim? I'm not sticking up for the Chinese, so don't get me wrong. I think that all nations, good or bad, spy anytime they can. Some influence elections. Some conduct cyberwars. Some just offer free cloud hosted backups with their free servers.

Well the last time I commented on the China "News" I got the wrath of Mr. H, and told myself I would stay on the sidelines in the future debates. But I couldn't resist. So no offense Mr. H, I'm gonna play the devil's advocate again.

First of all if the AU did lose valuable secrets, then I do sympathize with them.

But this report by LeMonde is either flawed or a laughable attempt to incriminate China. Or maybe Google just translated it wrong. Some confusing quotes:


All electronic communications are now encrypted and no longer pass through Ethio Telecom, the public operator in Ethiopia , a country renowned for its cybersurveillance and electronic espionage capabilities. From now on, the highest officials of the institution have foreign telephone lines and more secure applications.

So they don't trust Ethiopia's public companies so they get some unnamed foreign telephone lines?

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

During the 29th AU Summit in July 2017, new security measures have been proven. Four specialists from Algeria, one of the institution's biggest financial contributors, and Ethiopian cybersecurity experts inspected the rooms and flushed out microphones placed under the desks and walls.

Now they use Ethiopian experts to inspect rooms? And Algeria doesn't really seem like a logical choice for security advice.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The offices were empty, the activity was dormant, but data transfers were at a peak. A zealous computer scientist then looked into this anomaly and realized that the internal data of the AU were massively diverted.

Computer Scientist? LOL! A computer transferring data all by itself is anomaly? Really?

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

However, due to lack of resources and awareness among heads of state and most officials, pan-African digital territories remain at the mercy of foreign spies.

The only logical thing the LeMonde instigators said. The rest is BS.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

But since this discussion is about conspiracy theories, I will take it a couple steps deeper and really throw some gas on the fire.

I'm guessing this Chinese computer system was windows based since they love it and have their own custom windows 10 version.

And what does windows like to do in the middle of the night when offices are empty? HINT:UPLOAD DATA

Maybe China is innocent or naive like the AU? So where are these AU secrets getting diverted to?
HINT:GATES,MONSANTO,AGRA

But why would LeMonde skip this chance to bash the US and Gates.
HINT:Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, will visit Paris today

Well I think that is deep enough, I'll let somebody else take over from here and have some fun accusing, instigating and conspiring.

This is amateur hour at the African Union. Another case of crappy network security. Any IT person should have caught this immediately and the fact they didn't secure the outbound network traffic (and probably didn't have proper VLANs in place) is ridiculous. This was *EASILY* preventable.

Thanks for reeling this conversation back in - 100% true that this was preventable. The addition of a good firewall and some log monitoring might have been all that was required.

The lesson in this argument is that most people in our business are unprepared to protect the security network. I still don't see any sign that people in the security business are ready to design and install secure networks or are ready to understand the risks posed by questionable equipment.

And the Chinese government's role in this? No big deal?

What do you when they are offering cloud services (e.g., Hikvision Ezviz / HikConnect / Cloud AI) that require outbound network transmission?

Yes - it is a big deal if any security manufacturer is making an unsecure product. It is even more despicable if a security manufacturer is intentionally making products that are not secure. These manufacturers deserve the type of public flogging that IPVM is willing to provide and thank you for doing that!

However... there is a though that as security professionals we can and should fight this with better service. It IS possible to design a network that would be highly resistant to back doors and trojans.. Is anyone out there offering this type of network security as a service? Are they having success getting customers to pay for it?

Related Reports

China Is Not A Security Megatrend, Says SIA on Oct 19, 2018
The US Security Industry Association has released its 10 "Security Megatrends" for 2019. SIA declares that these megatrends, such as "Advanced...
"New Zealand Govt Uses Chinese Cameras Banned In US", Considers Security Audit on Oct 12, 2018
Newsroom NZ has issued a report: "NZ Govt uses Chinese cameras banned in US": This comes after the US federal government banned purchases of...
Honeywell Hides Selling US Gov Banned Chinese Video Surveillance on Oct 10, 2018
Honeywell hides selling US government banned Chinese video surveillance as their own 'Honeywell' products, deceiving buyers and putting US security...
IP Camera Installability Shootout - Avigilon, Axis, Bosch, Dahua, Hanwha, Hikvision, Uniview, Vivotek on Oct 08, 2018
What are the best and worst cameras from an installation standpoint? Which manufacturers make it harder or easier to install their cameras? We...
China Hacks Video Servers Causing Uproar on Oct 05, 2018
An incident causing an international uproar is hitting home in the video surveillance industry as a Bloomberg report, "The Big Hack: How China...
US Commerce Department Considers Sanctions Over Companies Profiting From Xinjiang on Oct 04, 2018
The US Commerce Department is considering its own sanctions for businesses alleged to be enabling repression in the Chinese region of Xinjiang...
Evidence Of Hikvision's Involvement With Xinjiang IJOP And Re-Education Camps on Oct 02, 2018
IPVM reveals as-yet unreported details about Hikvision’s activities in Xinjiang - a region of China where massive human rights abuses are being...
Genetec Takes Aim At 'Untrustworthy' 'Foreign Government-Owned Vendors' on Sep 24, 2018
Genetec is taking aim at 'untrustworthy' 'foreign government-owned vendors'. This is not a new theme for Genetec as nearly 2 years ago, Genetec...
4MP Camera Shootout - Axis, Dahua, DW, Hanwha, Hikvision, Uniview, Vivotek on Sep 24, 2018
4MP usage continues to climb, especially for low cost fixed lens models. To see who was best, we bought and tested seven 4MP models from Axis,...
SIA Plays Dumb On OEMs And Hikua Ban on Sep 20, 2018
OEMs widely pretend to be 'manufacturers', deceiving their customers and putting them at risk for cybersecurity attacks and, soon, violation of US...

Most Recent Industry Reports

Hanwha Dual Imager Dome Camera Tested (PNM-7000VD) on Oct 18, 2018
Hanwha has introduced their first dual-imager model, the PNM-7000VD, a twin 1080p model featuring independently positionable sensors and a snap-in...
Camera Height / Blind Spot Added to IPVM Camera Calculator on Oct 18, 2018
IPVM has added camera height and blind spot estimation to the Camera Calculator. This is especially helpful for those who need to mount cameras up...
Axis Strong US Growth, Flat EMEA - Q3 2018 Financials on Oct 18, 2018
This spring, Axis had its best financials in many years (see Axis Strong Q2 2018 Results). However, over the summer, Axis had many products sold...
Best Alternatives to Banned Dahua and Hikvision on Oct 17, 2018
With the US government ban and a growing number of users banning Dahua and Hikvision, one key question is what to use for low cost? While Dahua and...
Video Quality / Compression Tutorial on Oct 17, 2018
While CODECs, like H.264, H.265, and MJPEG, get a lot of attention, a camera's 'quality' or compression setting has a big impact on overall...
Knightscope Winning Investors, Struggling With Growth on Oct 16, 2018
While Knightscope's new financials show the company only winning 11 new customers in the past 12 months, the company continues to win new...
Integrator Laptop Guide on Oct 16, 2018
This 18-page guide provides guidance and statistics about integrator laptop use. 150 integrators explained to IPVM in detail about their laptops,...
Huawei Admits AI "Bubble" on Oct 16, 2018
A fascinating article from the Chinese government's Global Times: Huawei’s AI ambition to reshape industries. While the Global Times talks about...
ADI's Financials Revealed + W-Box Growth Priority on Oct 15, 2018
  ADI is one of the most powerful distributors in the security industry but how big are they? How much profit do they make? How much do they sell...
Dahua Face Recognition Camera Tested on Oct 15, 2018
Dahua has been one of the industry's most vocal proponents of the value that AI creates: As part of this, Dahua has released a facial...

The world's leading video surveillance information source, IPVM provides the best reporting, testing and training for 10,000+ members globally. Dedicated to independent and objective information, we uniquely refuse any and all advertisements, sponsorship and consulting from manufacturers.

About | FAQ | Contact