Camera Selection Guide 2013

Author: Ethan Ace, Published on Nov 14, 2013

UPDATE: This has been replaced by Camera Application Selection Guide 2017.

Entrances, hallways, rooms and parking lots are perhaps the 4 most common areas where surveillance is deployed. But what is the best type of camera for each? What resolution, form factors and FoV are best? Where do special features like WDR, integrated IR, super low light fit? Where is the best place to position the cameras?

In this report, we share test findings and recommendations showing tradeoffs of different camera options in each of these 4 fundamental spots - entrance, hallways, rooms and parking lots.

Below is an image of the FOVs used in our four different scenes.

Free Example

Inside, we have more than 20 comparisons. Here's a free example:

This comparison demonstrates the difference between mounting a single imager panoramic in the center of the room vs. a super wide angle camera at one end.

Below is that same scene, just zoomed in on our subject.

More than 20 others inside.

******: **** *** **** ******** ******** *********** ********* ***** ****.

*********, ********, ***** *** ******* **** *** ******* *** * most ****** ***** ***** ************ ** ********. *** **** ** the **** **** ** ****** *** ****? **** **********, **** factors *** *** *** ****? ***** ** ******* ******** **** WDR, ********** **, ***** *** ***** ***? ***** ** *** best ***** ** ******** *** *******?

** **** ******, ** ***** **** ******** *** *************** ******* tradeoffs ** ********* ****** ******* ** **** ** ***** * fundamental ***** - ********, ********, ***** *** ******* ****.

***** ** ** ***** ** *** **** **** ** *** four ********* ******.

Free *******

******, ** **** **** **** ** ***********. ****'* * **** example:

**** ********** ************ *** ********** ******* ******** * ****** ****** panoramic ** *** ****** ** *** **** **. * ***** wide ***** ****** ** *** ***.

***** ** **** **** *****, **** ****** ** ** *** subject.

**** **** ** ****** ******.

[***************]

Key ********

**** *** *** *** ******** **** **** ******:

*********/*******

  • *** ******* *** ********* ** ********* **** ****** ************, * common **********.
  • ** ******* ********* (*-* *****) ******** ********** ******* ******* ********** detail ** ******** * *******
  • *********** ***** **** *** *********** ** **** ********* *** ***** valuable ********* *** ******* ***** ******* ****** ** ****** ******* delivered. ***** ****** **** ****** ******* ***.

********

  • ** ********, **** *:* *** **:* *********** ***** **** ** the *** ** ***** **** *****, ****** *:* **** *** scene ********** ****** *** ** *** ****** ***********.
  • ******** ******* ** ******* *** ***** *:** ******** **** ******** greatly ******* *** ***** ****** ** ******** ***** *** ******** coverage ** **** ** *** ****.
  • ********** *** ** ******** **** ******** ***** ** **** **** beneath *** ****** ***** *** **** ** **** ********* ** subjects. *******, **** ******** ******* ** * **** ** *** in *** ******* ******, *********** ** *********** **********.

******** *****

  • ******* * ****** ***** **** ***** ****** (***° ***) ** one ****** ** *** **** ******** ************* *** **** ******* as * ******* ********** ********* ******. *******, ** *** *****, wide ***** ******* ******** ****** ***** ******** **********, ********* ** less ************ ** *** ******* *** *****, ***** ***** ******** the ****** ****, ****** **** ********** ** ********* *******.
  • *** ******* **** ********** ***** (**'***' *** *****), *********** ****** than ***** ***** *** ********** *******. **** ********** ******** ******** less **** ************** ******* *****, ****** * ***** ******* *** still ** **********.
  • ********** ** ******* ******** ****** ******* *** ***** ****** **** non-IR ******, ********* ******* ** *** ******* *** ***** ***** 1 *** ***** ****** ******** ** ****** ******.
  • ********* ** ***** ** **** ** **** ******** ****** ** what ******** *** **** ******* ** ** ********: *****/**** ** general ********.

******* ****

  • * *** ** ********* ******* ******** ******* ******** ** ******* scenes *** ** ******* ***** ******** ************. ********* ***** ****** areas ** *** ***** ** ** ****** ***, ********* ********, vehicles, *** *** **** *****.
  • *** ******* ** **** ******* *** *******. **** ***** ***** provided ******** ** ********** ** *** ******* ***, *** * reduction ** *********** ** ******** *** ******* ******. ******** *** FOV ** ***** **** ******** ****** *********** ************, *** * full ******** ** ******** (**** *** ****** ****** *** *****) was ****, ******** ********* ********** ******* ** *** **** *****.
  • ***** **** ******* **** **** **** **** ** ******* ******** for ********* ******, ***** *** ***** ******* ******* ******* ******* to ********** ** *******. ** ***** ** **** ***** *** parking ****, ********** ** ****** ******* ****** ***********.

***************

***** ** ***** ************ ** **** *** ********* *** *************** for **** ** ***** *****:

*********

** ******* *********, ** ********* ** ** **** ******* **** good *** *********** (** ****** ************ ******). ******* ****** ***** resolutions *** *** ********* ****** *** *********** ** **** *****, resulting ** ****** ******* *** *********. ******* ******* *** **** lose ****** *** ** ************, ******** ***** ******* ** ******** subjects.

********

** ********, **** ********** ** *** ****** ******. ***** ****** resolution ******** **** ****** *** ****, ***** ******* **** ********* handle ***** ***** **** **** ** ***** ******, ******** ****** image *******. ** ***** ** ****** *** ****, *** ******* space ** *** * ***** *******, *** *** ** * fair ********.

***** ********, ** ********* ******** **** ** ****, ******** *** aspect ***** **** **:* ** *:**. **** ********** **** ** the **** ***** **** **** ***** ******** *:* ** **:* cameras. *******, **** ********** *** ** ******* ** ****** ** VMS ******.

******** *****

** ******* ******** ****** **** ** ********** *****, ** ********* at ***** **** ********** ** ****. ***** *********** **** ** provide ****** *****. ** ********, **** *********** **** ** * and ** ********* *** ****** ***** ***** ****** **** ******* of ******** *** ********** *** ********** *********.

***** **** ***** ******* *** *********** ** *** ****** **** must ********** ** *******, ******* ** ****** *** *** ** the *****, *** ** ***** ******** ***** ******** ************ ******** to ********* ****** ********* *******.

********** ** ******* *** *********** ** ******** ** ******** **** lights *** ***. ***-** ******* ******* ****** ** *** *** of ********* ** *********** ** ********.

******* ****

***** ******* ******** *** **** ******** ******* ***** ******** *** resolution ** **** *****. **** ********* ******* *** ******* **** pixels *** **** ** ******* *** ******, *** ***** ****** be ***** ** ******** ************ ****** ****** ** ***** ******. Low ***** *********** ** ******* ***** ***** ** **** ****.

** ********* ***** **** ** **** ** ******* ****, ** details ** *** ****** ******** ********* ** ***** ***** *** low. ********* *** *** ** ****** **% **** ****** ** increase ******* ** ****** ** ****** ******, *** ******* *** camera's ******* ** ******* ** ******** ** ******** ********** *** scene.

***** **** ******* **** *** ***, *** ******** ** ******* to *** ********** ** ** ***** *** ***** ******* ***** down ** *** *******:

  • *****:** ***** ** * *** **** ** *** *****, ** order ** ******** ******** ** ********, *** ***** ******* ****** be ****.
  • ****:** ***** ** *** ******, ********** ** ******* *** ********* be ********* *** * ***** *****, ***** ***** ********* ******* on *** **** *** ***** ******.

*********

*****, ** ****** *** ** *** **** ****** ********* *** cameras ** *** ********, ** ******** *****. *** *********, **** the *** ******** *****, ** ****** *** *********:

  • *** **. *** ***
  • ** **. ** **. *****-*********

*** **. ***-*** *******

**** ******* ********** ** ********* ** ******** ****** ** ********** for ****** ************ ****** ** *** *** ******* *** ********. In *** ********** *****, **** *** **, *** *******, *****, and **** ******* *** ******** *** *** ******* *******. **** WDR ****** ***, *** *******'* **** ** ********* ********, *** outdoor ***** *** ********** ****** ***.

** **. **** **. *****

** * ***** ** **** **** ****** (~**'), **** ******** definition (******* ** **** ****) ** ********** ** ******* *********** quality ****** ** *** ******* *** *****. ****** *********** ** not ******* * ********* ******** ** ****** *******.

*** **** ** **** ******* *** ****, ** ****. **** that ** **** ****, *** * *** ** ********* *******' lower *********** ***** ******** ********** ****** ***** *******, **** *** subject *** ***** **** **** ****** ***.

********

*** ********, **** *** *** ******** *****, ** ****** *** following:

  • ** **. *** **. ****
  • *:* ** **:* **. ******** ****
  • ******** **** ******** **. **** **. ***** **** ***

** **. *** **. ****

**** *** ******* ** *** **** *** ** *** *******, not ************, *** *********** *** **** ** ******* ******* *****. Even ***** ** **** ***** ** ********.

** *** *** ***** ** *** *******, ~**' **** *** camera ********, ******* ***** ** ****, ****** *** **** ****** still ******** ******* ******** ** ********* *** *******. **** **** the ***** ****** ** **** **** *** ***** *** **** cameras ******* ** ****** **** ******* ******* ***** *** *********** than **** *** *** ******, ******** ***** *******.

** *** *** *** ** *** *******, **** **** *** 1080p ******* *** *** *** ** ******** *** ******* ** make *** *** *****. ******* ***** ****** *** **** ********** at **** *****.

*:* **. **:* **. ******** ****

***** ******** *** **** ****** **** **** *** ****, **** 4:3 *** **:* ****** ****** ****** ** *********** ******* ** space ** *** *** ****** ** ******* ***** **** ** blank ***** (*********** ** *** *** ***** *****). ******** **** shifts **** ****** ***** ** *:**, ********* **** ******** ** useful *****, ** *** ** **** *********** ** ***** *****.

************, ***** ** ****** ******* *** ****** ** *******, ******** mode ********* *** **** *** ** ******** ****** ******, ** can ** **** ** * ********** ** *** *** *****:


**** **** ******** **** ** *** ********* ** **** ******* or ****, ******** *** *******. ***** ****** ****** **** ** **** ******** ********* **** *********** ** *** ********* ** ***** *:** ****** ratio.

******* ** *** ** ******** ****

** *** *** ****** ***** ** **** *** ** ******** mode *******, ** ****** ** ** **** ********* ****** ** view, ******* **** ********** ****** ** ***** **** (***°). ** the ******** *** *****, *** ****** ********** * ***** ** view ******* ** *** **:* ******* *****, ***** **-**°, *** was ******* **** ******** ****. *** *** ************* *******, ** ~90°, ***°, *** ***° ** ****** ** *** *****.

**** **** *** **** ******* *** ****** ******* **** *** more ******* ** *** *** ** *********, ***** *** ** useful ** *********** ********* ******** ******** ** **** **** ******* the ***. *******, *** **** **** (***/***°) ****** ** **** offer ****** **** ********* *****, ** ********* *** ** ********** even ** *** ********* ***** ** ****.

************, ******* **** ******* ** *** *** ** *******, ** can ** **** ** *** ***** *****. ** **** ****, ability ** ******** *** ******* ****** **** *** **** ******* lost ** **° *** ******.

*****

*** *****, **** ** *** ********** **** *****, ** ****** the *********:

  • ****** ********: ***** **. ****
  • ****** ******* **** ***** ** ****** ******* ******* *********
  • ** ** **** ** *****
  • ******** ** ***
  • ********** ** ** ***** ****

***** **. **** ********

*** ***** ******** ** ******** ******* ** ******** ***** **** as ***** ** *** ******'* ******* *******.

  • ******* ** *** ****, *** ****** *** ** **** ** view ******* ******** ** *** ****, *** * **** ** entries/exits ******* *** **** *** ** ****.
  • ******* ** *** ***** ** *** ****, *** ****** *** more ****** ******* ******** ******** *** *******, *** ******** ** the ***** ** *** **** *** ** ******.

***** *** ***** **** *** ********** ******* ***** *** **** mounting:

***** *********** *** ** ********* ** ***** ***** **** ***** or ********* *******, ****** ** * **** ** *** ********** the ***.

** **. *****-*********

** **** ******* ********** **** (~**' * **'), ** ***** 1080p ** ** *** *********** "***** ****" ** ***********. **** was *** ***** ********** *** *********** ***** ** *** *******'* face. ********** ********** ** * ** ** ********* ***** *** practical ******* *** **** ** *** ***** ******, *** ******* low ***** *********** *************, ** **** *****.

** **** *****, *** **** *** ***** ******* ******* ** far *** **** ***********. *** **** ***** *** ******** **** able ** ******* ******* ** *** **** ***** ******** ** the ***** ******, *** ** ********* ******* *****. ******* *** 5MP *** **** ******* ******** ****** ****** ** *** ******* or *****.

***** **** ***** **. *********

**** ********** ************ *** ********** ******* ******** * ****** ****** panoramic ** *** ****** ** *** **** **. * ***** wide ***** ****** ** *** ***.

***** ** **** **** *****, **** ****** ** ** *** subject.

********** ** **. ***** ****

*******, ** ****** *** **** *******, *** ***** ****, *** one **** *****-** **, ** *** **** ********, ** ***, IR ************ ****** ** **** *****. **** ***** ******** *** field ** **** ** ****. ** *** ***-** ******, ***** is **** ********** ********* *** *******, ****** *** ***** *** be ****** ****. *** ** ****** ***** ********* **** ******.

******* ** ** *** *******, ** *** *** **** ******* camera ******** *********** ******* ***** ** **** ********.

Parking ****

*** ******* ****, **** *** *** ******** *****, ** ****** the *********:

  • ** ** *** ** ****
  • ***** **** ** ********** ****
  • ********** ** ** ***** *** *****

** **. ***

** **** ********, ****** ** ************* **' ***** ** ****, 720p ********** **** *** ******* ****** ********** *** *********** ** our *******. ************, *** ***** ** ****** ******* **** *** first ****. ***** *** ***** ******* ****** *********** ** **** subject *** *****. *******, *** * *** ** ********* ******* are ****** *** ******** ** **** ****, ***** *** ***** camera ** ***.

**** *** **. ***

** **** ****, ** ******** *** *** **** ***** **', which ******** *** ****** ***** ** *** ******* ***, ********* the ******** ** *** ***** ** *** ****, ** ***** 45', ********** *** ****** ***** * ******* *****. **** ********* removes *** ******* ** ******* ******** ******** *** *******, ***** is ******** ** *** ***** ***.

************, ******** *** **** *** ****** ** **** ********* **** in *******, **** *** ******* *** ***** **** ******** **** discernable.

********** ** **. ***** *** *****

*******, ** ****** ** ********** ** ****** ******* *** *** light ********* ****** ** *** ********* ** *********** ** *****. Note **** ** **** *****, *** ******* *** *** *********** to ***** * *** ** ******, ******* ** **** ******* lots. **** ***** ***** *** ********** ** *********** ****** *** FOV, **** *** ** ******'* ************ ******* ****** ****** **********.

** ~**', *********** ******* *** ***** ******* *** *** ** bullet ** *******, **** ****** *** ***** ******* ****** ***********. The ***** ****** ** **** **** ** ******** ****** *** due ** *** ******* *****, ********* ** **** **** ** detail.

** **** ********, *** ******* **** ***** ***** ******* ***********, though *********** ** ******* **** ****** *** ** ********* ** *** and ******* ***** ****** ** ********* ****.

Comments (15)

I really like this, thank you. Would you have had an opportunity to do situations like large workfloors like parts assembly areas. High ceilings open plan type arrangements.

Hi Vasiles, thanks, we are planning to do more of these. These areas were the most common and the simplest to take care of first. We're looking at maybe doing warehouses, loading docks, etc., because they're also readily available to us in our building. Other specific areas like you mention are definitely possible, but we'll need to find somewhere to shoot, so it'll take a bit longer.

Wow that's an excellent review John & team. Think you hit a lot of pertinent points and very graphical for us people with short attention spans.

Great reference gude!

"Corridor mode" is a great thing for indoor video surveillance. And not only for corridors.

Excellent guide .

Excellent guide! If possible, please list the camera make & models used in the testing.

Great content thanks

Nice tests. Comparision of images at 1/2/5/10MP resolution, at day and night conditions tell much.

Very useful! Re: Brandon's comment- I am interested in how you selected which cameras to use. Not as much in the make and model (although that is certainly important), but in whether you tried to pick the best of class for each type of camera, the average or just whatever camera came first to hand.

We tried to pick an average of professional models we have tested over the last 10 months. As for the specific models, the only one that's notable because it's rare is the 10MP and that's an Arecont - see our new 10MP vs 5MP vs HD Shootout

i appreciated seeing the differences on the side by side comparisons. Gives me a great perspective!

Great Job

Looking forward to more of these type's of comparisons

Thanks

Why is the 5MP camera for the hallway displays the eyechart significantly yellower than the other cameras?

That's a function of the sensor and/or white balance in that specific camera. Even trying to compensate for it by adjusting color gains, it was still yellow.

Four years later would you come to the same results? Panoramic fisheye imagers have developed with more features. Panoramic multi-imager cameras have continued to develop, low light cameras detect better at lower light levels and thermal has continued to price drop making them a real choice to the market.

Login to read this IPVM report.
Why do I need to log in?
IPVM conducts unique testing and research funded by member's payments enabling us to offer the most independent, accurate and in-depth information.

Related Reports

Covert IP Camera Shootout - Axis, Hanwha, Hikvision, March, Vivotek on Mar 20, 2019
Covert cameras were one of the last holdout areas for analog cameras. However, in the past few years, IP / HD covert cameras have become...
Top Metrics For Ensuring Integrator Profitability - Statistics on Mar 20, 2019
How do integrators ensure the profitability of their projects? As part of our profitability study, 100+ integrators answered the following...
Installation Course - Last Chance on Mar 14, 2019
This is the last chance to register for the March Installation course. This is a unique installation course in a market where little practical...
Pelco GFC 4K Dome Camera Tested (IMP831-1ERS) on Mar 12, 2019
Pelco has finally released their first 4K IP camera, after years of competitors' releases. Is this move too late? Or is their new GFC Professional...
BCDVideo Expansion And Switch From HP To Dell Examined on Mar 11, 2019
BCDVideo says they have more than tripled revenue in the past 5 years and are continuing to grow, powered most recently by switching their lead...
Arcules Favorability Results 2019 on Mar 08, 2019
Arcules has amazing advantages. Tens of millions of funding from Canon. Unlimited access to Milestone's source code (see our test results). But...
Camera Pendant Mounting Guide on Mar 07, 2019
It is often necessary to suspend a camera from a high open ceiling. This is commonplace in retail, warehouse, industrial sites, hangars, and other...
Cable Firestopping Installation Guide on Mar 06, 2019
Installing cables through firewalls is a critical installation issue. Failing to properly seal a penetration can cause smoke and fire to spread,...
Salient CompleteView 20/20 VMS Tested on Feb 27, 2019
In IPVM's last test of Salient 3 years ago, we found various problems and deficiencies. Now, Salient says their new CompleteView 20/20 "unified...
Mobotix Move OEM Camera Line Tested on Feb 25, 2019
Mobotix has long been criticized for not offering integrated IR, mechanical cut filters, varifocal lenses, optical zoom and other features that...

Most Recent Industry Reports

Eagle Eye Favorability Results 2019 on Mar 21, 2019
Eagle Eye has been the biggest spender in the cloud VMS market including (via their owner) acquiring Brivo for $50 million and CameraManager from...
Large Hospital Security End User Interview on Mar 21, 2019
This large single-state healthcare system consists of many hospitals, and hundreds of health parks, private practices, urgent care facilities, and...
Silicon Valley Cybersecurity Insurance Startup Coalition Profile on Mar 20, 2019
Many industry people believe cybersecurity insurance is not worth it, as the voting and debate in our Cybersecurity Insurance For Security...
Covert IP Camera Shootout - Axis, Hanwha, Hikvision, March, Vivotek on Mar 20, 2019
Covert cameras were one of the last holdout areas for analog cameras. However, in the past few years, IP / HD covert cameras have become...
Top Metrics For Ensuring Integrator Profitability - Statistics on Mar 20, 2019
How do integrators ensure the profitability of their projects? As part of our profitability study, 100+ integrators answered the following...
Avigilon Launches 'Renewed Products Program' on Mar 19, 2019
There are lots of 'pre-owned' cars but pre-owned IP cameras? While such programs are common in other industries, in video surveillance, they are...
Hanwha Tax Evasion Probe, Camera Division Implicated on Mar 19, 2019
A Hanwha group subsidiary was raided as part of a tax evasion probe. While a Korean news media report listed the raided entity as 'Hanwha...
Genetec Security Center 5.8 Tested on Mar 19, 2019
Genetec has released Version 5.8. This comes after a wait of more than a year that caused frustrations for many Genetec partners. Our previous...
Retired Mercury President Returns As Open Options President on Mar 18, 2019
Open Options experienced major changes in 2018, including being acquired by ACRE and losing its President and General Manager, John Berman who...
Large US University End-User Video Surveillance Interview on Mar 18, 2019
Schools have become targets in modern days of active shooters and terrorist fears. The need for video and access security is high. Universities...

The world's leading video surveillance information source, IPVM provides the best reporting, testing and training for 10,000+ members globally. Dedicated to independent and objective information, we uniquely refuse any and all advertisements, sponsorship and consulting from manufacturers.

About | FAQ | Contact