Camera Selection Guide 2013

Author: Ethan Ace, Published on Nov 14, 2013

UPDATE: This has been replaced by Camera Application Selection Guide 2017.

Entrances, hallways, rooms and parking lots are perhaps the 4 most common areas where surveillance is deployed. But what is the best type of camera for each? What resolution, form factors and FoV are best? Where do special features like WDR, integrated IR, super low light fit? Where is the best place to position the cameras?

In this report, we share test findings and recommendations showing tradeoffs of different camera options in each of these 4 fundamental spots - entrance, hallways, rooms and parking lots.

Below is an image of the FOVs used in our four different scenes.

Free Example

Inside, we have more than 20 comparisons. Here's a free example:

This comparison demonstrates the difference between mounting a single imager panoramic in the center of the room vs. a super wide angle camera at one end.

Below is that same scene, just zoomed in on our subject.

More than 20 others inside.

******: **** *** **** ******** ******** *********** ********* ***** ****.

*********, ********, ***** *** ******* **** *** ******* *** * most ****** ***** ***** ************ ** ********. *** **** ** the **** **** ** ****** *** ****? **** **********, **** factors *** *** *** ****? ***** ** ******* ******** **** WDR, ********** **, ***** *** ***** ***? ***** ** *** best ***** ** ******** *** *******?

** **** ******, ** ***** **** ******** *** *************** ******* tradeoffs ** ********* ****** ******* ** **** ** ***** * fundamental ***** - ********, ********, ***** *** ******* ****.

***** ** ** ***** ** *** **** **** ** *** four ********* ******.

Free *******

******, ** **** **** **** ** ***********. ****'* * **** example:

**** ********** ************ *** ********** ******* ******** * ****** ****** panoramic ** *** ****** ** *** **** **. * ***** wide ***** ****** ** *** ***.

***** ** **** **** *****, **** ****** ** ** *** subject.

**** **** ** ****** ******.

[***************]

Key ********

**** *** *** *** ******** **** **** ******:

*********/*******

  • *** ******* *** ********* ** ********* **** ****** ************, * common **********.
  • ** ******* ********* (*-* *****) ******** ********** ******* ******* ********** detail ** ******** * *******
  • *********** ***** **** *** *********** ** **** ********* *** ***** valuable ********* *** ******* ***** ******* ****** ** ****** ******* delivered. ***** ****** **** ****** ******* ***.

********

  • ** ********, **** *:* *** **:* *********** ***** **** ** the *** ** ***** **** *****, ****** *:* **** *** scene ********** ****** *** ** *** ****** ***********.
  • ******** ******* ** ******* *** ***** *:** ******** **** ******** greatly ******* *** ***** ****** ** ******** ***** *** ******** coverage ** **** ** *** ****.
  • ********** *** ** ******** **** ******** ***** ** **** **** beneath *** ****** ***** *** **** ** **** ********* ** subjects. *******, **** ******** ******* ** * **** ** *** in *** ******* ******, *********** ** *********** **********.

******** *****

  • ******* * ****** ***** **** ***** ****** (***° ***) ** one ****** ** *** **** ******** ************* *** **** ******* as * ******* ********** ********* ******. *******, ** *** *****, wide ***** ******* ******** ****** ***** ******** **********, ********* ** less ************ ** *** ******* *** *****, ***** ***** ******** the ****** ****, ****** **** ********** ** ********* *******.
  • *** ******* **** ********** ***** (**'***' *** *****), *********** ****** than ***** ***** *** ********** *******. **** ********** ******** ******** less **** ************** ******* *****, ****** * ***** ******* *** still ** **********.
  • ********** ** ******* ******** ****** ******* *** ***** ****** **** non-IR ******, ********* ******* ** *** ******* *** ***** ***** 1 *** ***** ****** ******** ** ****** ******.
  • ********* ** ***** ** **** ** **** ******** ****** ** what ******** *** **** ******* ** ** ********: *****/**** ** general ********.

******* ****

  • * *** ** ********* ******* ******** ******* ******** ** ******* scenes *** ** ******* ***** ******** ************. ********* ***** ****** areas ** *** ***** ** ** ****** ***, ********* ********, vehicles, *** *** **** *****.
  • *** ******* ** **** ******* *** *******. **** ***** ***** provided ******** ** ********** ** *** ******* ***, *** * reduction ** *********** ** ******** *** ******* ******. ******** *** FOV ** ***** **** ******** ****** *********** ************, *** * full ******** ** ******** (**** *** ****** ****** *** *****) was ****, ******** ********* ********** ******* ** *** **** *****.
  • ***** **** ******* **** **** **** **** ** ******* ******** for ********* ******, ***** *** ***** ******* ******* ******* ******* to ********** ** *******. ** ***** ** **** ***** *** parking ****, ********** ** ****** ******* ****** ***********.

***************

***** ** ***** ************ ** **** *** ********* *** *************** for **** ** ***** *****:

*********

** ******* *********, ** ********* ** ** **** ******* **** good *** *********** (** ****** ************ ******). ******* ****** ***** resolutions *** *** ********* ****** *** *********** ** **** *****, resulting ** ****** ******* *** *********. ******* ******* *** **** lose ****** *** ** ************, ******** ***** ******* ** ******** subjects.

********

** ********, **** ********** ** *** ****** ******. ***** ****** resolution ******** **** ****** *** ****, ***** ******* **** ********* handle ***** ***** **** **** ** ***** ******, ******** ****** image *******. ** ***** ** ****** *** ****, *** ******* space ** *** * ***** *******, *** *** ** * fair ********.

***** ********, ** ********* ******** **** ** ****, ******** *** aspect ***** **** **:* ** *:**. **** ********** **** ** the **** ***** **** **** ***** ******** *:* ** **:* cameras. *******, **** ********** *** ** ******* ** ****** ** VMS ******.

******** *****

** ******* ******** ****** **** ** ********** *****, ** ********* at ***** **** ********** ** ****. ***** *********** **** ** provide ****** *****. ** ********, **** *********** **** ** * and ** ********* *** ****** ***** ***** ****** **** ******* of ******** *** ********** *** ********** *********.

***** **** ***** ******* *** *********** ** *** ****** **** must ********** ** *******, ******* ** ****** *** *** ** the *****, *** ** ***** ******** ***** ******** ************ ******** to ********* ****** ********* *******.

********** ** ******* *** *********** ** ******** ** ******** **** lights *** ***. ***-** ******* ******* ****** ** *** *** of ********* ** *********** ** ********.

******* ****

***** ******* ******** *** **** ******** ******* ***** ******** *** resolution ** **** *****. **** ********* ******* *** ******* **** pixels *** **** ** ******* *** ******, *** ***** ****** be ***** ** ******** ************ ****** ****** ** ***** ******. Low ***** *********** ** ******* ***** ***** ** **** ****.

** ********* ***** **** ** **** ** ******* ****, ** details ** *** ****** ******** ********* ** ***** ***** *** low. ********* *** *** ** ****** **% **** ****** ** increase ******* ** ****** ** ****** ******, *** ******* *** camera's ******* ** ******* ** ******** ** ******** ********** *** scene.

***** **** ******* **** *** ***, *** ******** ** ******* to *** ********** ** ** ***** *** ***** ******* ***** down ** *** *******:

  • *****:** ***** ** * *** **** ** *** *****, ** order ** ******** ******** ** ********, *** ***** ******* ****** be ****.
  • ****:** ***** ** *** ******, ********** ** ******* *** ********* be ********* *** * ***** *****, ***** ***** ********* ******* on *** **** *** ***** ******.

*********

*****, ** ****** *** ** *** **** ****** ********* *** cameras ** *** ********, ** ******** *****. *** *********, **** the *** ******** *****, ** ****** *** *********:

  • *** **. *** ***
  • ** **. ** **. *****-*********

*** **. ***-*** *******

**** ******* ********** ** ********* ** ******** ****** ** ********** for ****** ************ ****** ** *** *** ******* *** ********. In *** ********** *****, **** *** **, *** *******, *****, and **** ******* *** ******** *** *** ******* *******. **** WDR ****** ***, *** *******'* **** ** ********* ********, *** outdoor ***** *** ********** ****** ***.

** **. **** **. *****

** * ***** ** **** **** ****** (~**'), **** ******** definition (******* ** **** ****) ** ********** ** ******* *********** quality ****** ** *** ******* *** *****. ****** *********** ** not ******* * ********* ******** ** ****** *******.

*** **** ** **** ******* *** ****, ** ****. **** that ** **** ****, *** * *** ** ********* *******' lower *********** ***** ******** ********** ****** ***** *******, **** *** subject *** ***** **** **** ****** ***.

********

*** ********, **** *** *** ******** *****, ** ****** *** following:

  • ** **. *** **. ****
  • *:* ** **:* **. ******** ****
  • ******** **** ******** **. **** **. ***** **** ***

** **. *** **. ****

**** *** ******* ** *** **** *** ** *** *******, not ************, *** *********** *** **** ** ******* ******* *****. Even ***** ** **** ***** ** ********.

** *** *** ***** ** *** *******, ~**' **** *** camera ********, ******* ***** ** ****, ****** *** **** ****** still ******** ******* ******** ** ********* *** *******. **** **** the ***** ****** ** **** **** *** ***** *** **** cameras ******* ** ****** **** ******* ******* ***** *** *********** than **** *** *** ******, ******** ***** *******.

** *** *** *** ** *** *******, **** **** *** 1080p ******* *** *** *** ** ******** *** ******* ** make *** *** *****. ******* ***** ****** *** **** ********** at **** *****.

*:* **. **:* **. ******** ****

***** ******** *** **** ****** **** **** *** ****, **** 4:3 *** **:* ****** ****** ****** ** *********** ******* ** space ** *** *** ****** ** ******* ***** **** ** blank ***** (*********** ** *** *** ***** *****). ******** **** shifts **** ****** ***** ** *:**, ********* **** ******** ** useful *****, ** *** ** **** *********** ** ***** *****.

************, ***** ** ****** ******* *** ****** ** *******, ******** mode ********* *** **** *** ** ******** ****** ******, ** can ** **** ** * ********** ** *** *** *****:


**** **** ******** **** ** *** ********* ** **** ******* or ****, ******** *** *******. ***** ****** ****** **** ** **** ******** ********* **** *********** ** *** ********* ** ***** *:** ****** ratio.

******* ** *** ** ******** ****

** *** *** ****** ***** ** **** *** ** ******** mode *******, ** ****** ** ** **** ********* ****** ** view, ******* **** ********** ****** ** ***** **** (***°). ** the ******** *** *****, *** ****** ********** * ***** ** view ******* ** *** **:* ******* *****, ***** **-**°, *** was ******* **** ******** ****. *** *** ************* *******, ** ~90°, ***°, *** ***° ** ****** ** *** *****.

**** **** *** **** ******* *** ****** ******* **** *** more ******* ** *** *** ** *********, ***** *** ** useful ** *********** ********* ******** ******** ** **** **** ******* the ***. *******, *** **** **** (***/***°) ****** ** **** offer ****** **** ********* *****, ** ********* *** ** ********** even ** *** ********* ***** ** ****.

************, ******* **** ******* ** *** *** ** *******, ** can ** **** ** *** ***** *****. ** **** ****, ability ** ******** *** ******* ****** **** *** **** ******* lost ** **° *** ******.

*****

*** *****, **** ** *** ********** **** *****, ** ****** the *********:

  • ****** ********: ***** **. ****
  • ****** ******* **** ***** ** ****** ******* ******* *********
  • ** ** **** ** *****
  • ******** ** ***
  • ********** ** ** ***** ****

***** **. **** ********

*** ***** ******** ** ******** ******* ** ******** ***** **** as ***** ** *** ******'* ******* *******.

  • ******* ** *** ****, *** ****** *** ** **** ** view ******* ******** ** *** ****, *** * **** ** entries/exits ******* *** **** *** ** ****.
  • ******* ** *** ***** ** *** ****, *** ****** *** more ****** ******* ******** ******** *** *******, *** ******** ** the ***** ** *** **** *** ** ******.

***** *** ***** **** *** ********** ******* ***** *** **** mounting:

***** *********** *** ** ********* ** ***** ***** **** ***** or ********* *******, ****** ** * **** ** *** ********** the ***.

** **. *****-*********

** **** ******* ********** **** (~**' * **'), ** ***** 1080p ** ** *** *********** "***** ****" ** ***********. **** was *** ***** ********** *** *********** ***** ** *** *******'* face. ********** ********** ** * ** ** ********* ***** *** practical ******* *** **** ** *** ***** ******, *** ******* low ***** *********** *************, ** **** *****.

** **** *****, *** **** *** ***** ******* ******* ** far *** **** ***********. *** **** ***** *** ******** **** able ** ******* ******* ** *** **** ***** ******** ** the ***** ******, *** ** ********* ******* *****. ******* *** 5MP *** **** ******* ******** ****** ****** ** *** ******* or *****.

***** **** ***** **. *********

**** ********** ************ *** ********** ******* ******** * ****** ****** panoramic ** *** ****** ** *** **** **. * ***** wide ***** ****** ** *** ***.

***** ** **** **** *****, **** ****** ** ** *** subject.

********** ** **. ***** ****

*******, ** ****** *** **** *******, *** ***** ****, *** one **** *****-** **, ** *** **** ********, ** ***, IR ************ ****** ** **** *****. **** ***** ******** *** field ** **** ** ****. ** *** ***-** ******, ***** is **** ********** ********* *** *******, ****** *** ***** *** be ****** ****. *** ** ****** ***** ********* **** ******.

******* ** ** *** *******, ** *** *** **** ******* camera ******** *********** ******* ***** ** **** ********.

Parking ****

*** ******* ****, **** *** *** ******** *****, ** ****** the *********:

  • ** ** *** ** ****
  • ***** **** ** ********** ****
  • ********** ** ** ***** *** *****

** **. ***

** **** ********, ****** ** ************* **' ***** ** ****, 720p ********** **** *** ******* ****** ********** *** *********** ** our *******. ************, *** ***** ** ****** ******* **** *** first ****. ***** *** ***** ******* ****** *********** ** **** subject *** *****. *******, *** * *** ** ********* ******* are ****** *** ******** ** **** ****, ***** *** ***** camera ** ***.

**** *** **. ***

** **** ****, ** ******** *** *** **** ***** **', which ******** *** ****** ***** ** *** ******* ***, ********* the ******** ** *** ***** ** *** ****, ** ***** 45', ********** *** ****** ***** * ******* *****. **** ********* removes *** ******* ** ******* ******** ******** *** *******, ***** is ******** ** *** ***** ***.

************, ******** *** **** *** ****** ** **** ********* **** in *******, **** *** ******* *** ***** **** ******** **** discernable.

********** ** **. ***** *** *****

*******, ** ****** ** ********** ** ****** ******* *** *** light ********* ****** ** *** ********* ** *********** ** *****. Note **** ** **** *****, *** ******* *** *** *********** to ***** * *** ** ******, ******* ** **** ******* lots. **** ***** ***** *** ********** ** *********** ****** *** FOV, **** *** ** ******'* ************ ******* ****** ****** **********.

** ~**', *********** ******* *** ***** ******* *** *** ** bullet ** *******, **** ****** *** ***** ******* ****** ***********. The ***** ****** ** **** **** ** ******** ****** *** due ** *** ******* *****, ********* ** **** **** ** detail.

** **** ********, *** ******* **** ***** ***** ******* ***********, though *********** ** ******* **** ****** *** ** ********* ** *** and ******* ***** ****** ** ********* ****.

Comments (15)

I really like this, thank you. Would you have had an opportunity to do situations like large workfloors like parts assembly areas. High ceilings open plan type arrangements.

Hi Vasiles, thanks, we are planning to do more of these. These areas were the most common and the simplest to take care of first. We're looking at maybe doing warehouses, loading docks, etc., because they're also readily available to us in our building. Other specific areas like you mention are definitely possible, but we'll need to find somewhere to shoot, so it'll take a bit longer.

Wow that's an excellent review John & team. Think you hit a lot of pertinent points and very graphical for us people with short attention spans.

Great reference gude!

"Corridor mode" is a great thing for indoor video surveillance. And not only for corridors.

Excellent guide .

Excellent guide! If possible, please list the camera make & models used in the testing.

Great content thanks

Nice tests. Comparision of images at 1/2/5/10MP resolution, at day and night conditions tell much.

Very useful! Re: Brandon's comment- I am interested in how you selected which cameras to use. Not as much in the make and model (although that is certainly important), but in whether you tried to pick the best of class for each type of camera, the average or just whatever camera came first to hand.

We tried to pick an average of professional models we have tested over the last 10 months. As for the specific models, the only one that's notable because it's rare is the 10MP and that's an Arecont - see our new 10MP vs 5MP vs HD Shootout

i appreciated seeing the differences on the side by side comparisons. Gives me a great perspective!

Great Job

Looking forward to more of these type's of comparisons

Thanks

Why is the 5MP camera for the hallway displays the eyechart significantly yellower than the other cameras?

That's a function of the sensor and/or white balance in that specific camera. Even trying to compensate for it by adjusting color gains, it was still yellow.

Four years later would you come to the same results? Panoramic fisheye imagers have developed with more features. Panoramic multi-imager cameras have continued to develop, low light cameras detect better at lower light levels and thermal has continued to price drop making them a real choice to the market.

Login to read this IPVM report.
Why do I need to log in?
IPVM conducts unique testing and research funded by member's payments enabling us to offer the most independent, accurate and in-depth information.

Related Reports

WDR Tutorial on Jan 11, 2019
Understanding wide dynamic range (WDR) is critical to capturing high quality images in demanding conditions. However, with no real standards, any...
Last Chance - Winter 2019 IP Networking Course on Jan 10, 2019
Today is the last day to register for the Winter 2019 IP Networking course. This is the only networking course designed specifically for video...
NTP / Network Time Guide For Video Surveillance on Jan 10, 2019
Inaccurate time can lead to missing or inadmissible video, yet this topic is often overlooked, with cameras and servers left defaulted,...
Worst Products Tested In Past Year on Jan 09, 2019
IPVM has done over 100 tests in the past year. But which products performed the worst? Which ones should users be most aware of? In this report,...
UK: Private Video Surveillance Complaints Down Since GDPR on Jan 09, 2019
The arrival of the GDPR on May 25, 2018, brought fears the law would spark a massive increase in privacy complaints about security camera use....
2019 Video Surveillance Cameras Overview on Jan 07, 2019
Each year, IPVM summarizes the main advances and changes for video surveillance cameras, based on our industry-leading testing and...
IPVM Best New Products 2019 Opened - 70+ Entrants on Jan 07, 2019
The inaugural IPVM Best New Product Awards has been opened - the industry's first and only program where the awards are not pay-to-play and the...
Axis Tailgate Detection Tested on Jan 04, 2019
Axis is aiming to tackle tailgating, one of access control's biggest issues, with the Tailgating Detector ACAP application. This camera app claims...
Surveillance Codec Guide on Jan 03, 2019
Codecs are core to surveillance, with names like H.264, H.265, and MJPEG commonly cited. How do they work? Why should you use them? What issues may...
Camera Course January 2019 on Jan 03, 2019
This is the only independent surveillance camera course, based on in-depth product and technology testing. Lots of manufacturer training exists...

Most Recent Industry Reports

Access Control Cabling Tutorial on Jan 15, 2019
Access Control is only as reliable as its cables. While this aspect lacks the sexiness of other components, it remains a vital part of every...
Gorilla Technology AI Provider, Raises $15 Million, Profiled on Jan 15, 2019
Gorilla Technology is a Taiwanese video analytics manufacturer that recently announced a $15 million investment from SBI Group, saying this...
2019 IP Networking Book Released on Jan 14, 2019
The new IP Networking Book 2019 is a 285 page in-depth guide that teaches you how IT and telecom technologies impact modern security...
Arecont Costar Layoffs on Jan 14, 2019
Arecont Vision, a Costar Company, has laid off more than 10% of their workforce in a move the company described to IPVM as a result of "important...
The False SCMP Story on Hikvision NYC AI on Jan 14, 2019
In the past week, one of Asia's largest publications, the South China Morning Post (SCMP), posted an article about "Chinese [facial recognition]...
WDR Tutorial on Jan 11, 2019
Understanding wide dynamic range (WDR) is critical to capturing high quality images in demanding conditions. However, with no real standards, any...
Pelco Favorability Results 2019 on Jan 11, 2019
Pelco had a significant favorability problem amongst integrators in our previous study (see 2016 Pelco results). Now, in the first edition of our...
Bad: Dahua Villa Video Doorbell Tested on Jan 11, 2019
Doorbells are one of the hottest segments in the residential market but Dahua's Villa Video Doorbell is the worst we have tested.   We bought and...
Last Chance - Winter 2019 IP Networking Course on Jan 10, 2019
Today is the last day to register for the Winter 2019 IP Networking course. This is the only networking course designed specifically for video...

The world's leading video surveillance information source, IPVM provides the best reporting, testing and training for 10,000+ members globally. Dedicated to independent and objective information, we uniquely refuse any and all advertisements, sponsorship and consulting from manufacturers.

About | FAQ | Contact