Video Analytics Manufacturer Performance Guide

By IPVM Team, Published May 04, 2021, 10:04am EDT (Info+)

This 25-page guide provides a reference for video surveillance analytic performance. Video surveillance has a wide range of hardware and software analytic offerings, which is complex to determine which are strong performers or have issues.

IPVM Image

In this report we examine:

  • Included vs Add-on Analytics
  • Camera Analytic Manufacturer Overview
  • Hikvision and Dahua - US and EU Challenges
  • VSaaS Camera Manufacturers
  • Software Analytics Providers
  • SoC Shortages
  • Significant Startup Investment

This is part 12 of the IPVM Video Analytics Course.

*******

********* ******** ****** *** **** *************, with ************* **** ******** ********* ********** strongest, *** ***/********* ********* ********* *********** issues. ***** **** ****** ************* **** some ****** **** **** ****, ***** are *** **********, *** *** **** in ****.

***** ** ******** ** ***** ******'* ********* ******* ** *** ***** analytic *********, **** ****** **** ******* ** poor ********** *********, **** *** *** performers ***** **** ******** **********.

Included ********* ** ***-**

***** ************ ********* *** ********* ******** with *******/*********, ** ** * ********-**** add-on. ***** ************* ******* ********* ****** the ****** ** ******** *** **** to ************* ******** ************. *******, ********-**** developers ****** ********* ** ****** ***** analytics **** *******, *** ******** **** analytics *** **** ** ******** ** dollars *** *******. ** ****, ********-**** companies *** ** * *********** ************ compared ** *** ******* ***** ************ manufacturers, ***** *** ********* **** ******* and *********.

*** *******, ******** **** ***** ** cameras *** ******* ****** *********** *********** for ****, ***** ********-**** ********* **** hundreds ** ******* *** ******.

************, ***** ** ********** ********** **** using * *** ***** ******** ***-** in * ***, ******** ** ***-**-*** camera/VMS *********.

Camera *************

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******** *** ************** *** ***-**-*** ***** surveillance ******** ** ******** ** ******* integrated ******* *** ***. *******, ********'* analytics ******* *** ********** ********* ******** to **** ********* *** **** *** a ********** ******-**** *******.

******** ****** ******** ****** ** **** learning ******** *******, ************,***, ***** ***. *** *********** ** ******** ********* varies **** ******* ****** ******/******** ******** than **** ************ *********.

********'* **'* ********** ****** ****** ********* analytics (**** ******)******** *** ****** ****** *** ******* false ****** *** *** *** *********** vehicles ** ****** ** ****-*****, **** performance **** ********'* ***, * *** performer ** *** *********, ****** **** shorter ********* ***** (~**' ** ~** PPF ** *** ****** **. ~** PPF/>100' ** ***).

*********** ** ******** *** ************** ****** ******** ********* ************** ** people, ********, *****:

Accurate-Classification-Of-People,-Vehicles,-Bikes

**** *** **** ****** ** ******** common ***** ***** ******* **** ****, headlights, *** ************* **********:

IPVM Image

*** ****-******** ******* ********** ******** ****** metadata ********* ******** *** ******* ******, face *********, ***.

***** **** ****** ******** ** *** own ***, ******** ****** ******** ********* including********** ******,****** ***********,******* ******** *********, ********* ********** ************** *** *** ***** ** **** competitors' *********.

*****IPVM Image

***** *** ********** ***** ** *** solid ********** *********, **** ***** *** party *** *******. ***** *****'* ***-********** IVA ********* *** ******* ** *** most ********* ****, ****, *** **** models, **** **** ***** **** *********** *********** *****-**** ***** *** ***** *******, and ***-****** ***** *** *****.

**** ******* *** ***** *****'* *** offers **** ******** *********, ************** ** people *** ******** ******* *****, ******** color, ****, *** ***** ********, ** well ** ****** ***** ***** **********.

*******, *** *****-********** *** ******* **** misclassifications ** ****** *** ********, *** false ****** ** ******* *** ****:

************, *********** ** ***** ********* *** historically **** ******* **** ********, ********* manual *************, **** ****** ***** ********* to ************.

IPVM Image*****

***** ** *** *****'* ******-******* ***** surveillance ************ *** ******* ** *********, includes ********* **** **** ** *** IP *******, *******, ***** *** *********** issues **** *****'* ******** ********* ********* in **** ** *** ******-**** *******. Dahua's ******* *** ************* ***** **** than ***********. *** *******, *** **** learning *********+ ******* **** **% - 60% **** *** ***** ******* ** better *********** **** ********* **********.

*****'* *********+ ****** ** * *** performer ** *** *****, ******** ***** alerts **** *** **** ****** ******* indoors *** ********, ********* *******, ****, shadows, *** ********.

No Alarm On Rain Raindrops On Dome

*****'* ***** ******* ********* ******* **** but ***** ***** ** *******, ************* humans, *** ********, *** *** ******** is ********* **** ** *****'* *** platforms (****/*** *******).

*******, **** ** ***** ********* *** much ******** **** ***** ***** ****** Detection *** ******** ********* *********, ***** suffer **** ******** ***** ***** ******:

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****** (******** *******) ******* **** *** historically **** ********** **** ** ****** to *********, *** **** ******* **** *********** ** ***-**** *************** ***** *** *********. ****** ******** their******* * ** ****** ** ****,****** **** ******** ****** *** ******* detection. *******, **** ******** ** **** supported ** * ******* ** *** 120+ ** ****** ****.

******'* ******* * ** ******* *** similar ** ***** *** ********** ** our *****, *** **** ***** ***************** and ***** ***** ******:

************, *** ******** *** ******** *** integrated **** ******** ***** *** ******.

******'* ******** ****** ********* ** ******* compared ** ***** ***-**** ******** *********, with ***** ****** ** ******* *** lights ********, *** ***** ********* ********* suffered **** ********** ***** ****** ** rain, *******, *** *******.

IPVM Image

*********

IPVM Image

********* ** *** ******* ***** ************ manufacturer *** ***** ********* ** *********** every ** ****** ** ******. *******, the ********* ********* ********* ******** ** their ******** ***** ** ****. ************, Hikivsion ****** ******** ***** ** **** learning ******** *******, ****** ***********, *** license ***** *******. ***** *** ********** less ********* **** ******* ******.

*********'* ******** ** **** ******** ******* offer ******* ******** ********* *** **************, compared ** ***********' **** ******** *******

IPVM Image

*******, ***** *** *** *.* *** DeepinView **** ****** **** ****** ** animals, ******, *** *******, ****** **** accurately ********** ****** *** ********.

*********'* ******** *** ********** ********* *** a ******* *********** **** *** ******-**** cameras' ********* ********* *********, ***** ******* on **** ***** ***** *******, **** a ***** **** ** **** ******** VMD.

IPVM Image

****

*** ******* ******* ** ****** ************, Axis******** *** ***** **** ******** ********* in ****, *** **** ** *** *** providers ** ** **. **** ****** Analytics ********* **** ******** * ******** of ****' ******* ******* *** *** top-performing **** ******** ******* ** **** 3 ****** *** ** ***, ********** ** ********* ** **** ** 2023.

**** ****** ********* ******* ** ****-******** processing **** ******** *******, **** ** the **** ***** ** *** ****** top ****** *** ******* ********* *********** in *** *******, **** ****** ***** alert ********* *** ******** *********.

IPVM Image

*******, ****' ***** ********* – **** Machine ******** ****** *********, ********* ********, Motion *****, *** **** – ****** from ******** ***** ***** *** ***************** issues:

IPVM Image

************, **** ** ****' ********* ******** object ******** ***** ** ********, ****** AI, ** ***** ***.

*******

*******'* **** ******** ***** ****** ********* is ********* ** **** ***** **** of *** ** *******, *** ***** strong *********** ** *******, **** ** false ****** ** ****** ******* ******* or ***.

Running-Subjects-Detected-Accurately

*******, *** ******** ******** ********** ************* for **** ******** *** ******** ****** only, *** ********. ************, ***** ****** Detection **** *** ****** ******** ********.

Crawling-Humans-Missed-Completely

***** ****** ********* ****** *** ********** with ********* ********, ******* ******** ******, and *******'* *** ***** ***, *** are *** ********* ** ***** ***-***** VMSes.

*******

******* ** *** #* ****** ************ in *****, * ***-**** ******** ** the **** **** ********* **** ******** performance. ***** ******* ****** ********* ********* on **** ** *** ****** ******, performance ** ****/***** *******. **** ******** deep ******** ********* ** ****, ***** performed ********** ***** **** ********* ****** Dahua *** ********* *******.

******* ***** **** ******** ********* ******** false ****** ** ***** *******, *** wheels, *** ****** ****:

******* ******** ********* ********* **** ******* poorly, **** ***** ****** ** **** common ******* (*.*. ********* **** ***** to *** ****):

Hikvision *** ***** - ** *** ** **********

*** *** *** ************ ** ********* and ***** *************** * *********** ********* *** **** manufacturers ******* ** *****. ********* ********* growth ***** ******* **-**** ***** **** ** *** ******, ********* *** ***** **** ******** positioned ** ***** ******-******, ******* ******** cameras.

*******, ** *** **** ***** *** US *** *** ********* *** *******,********* ******** ********** ****** ** *** US *** ********* ********** ********** ******* ********* ***** ****** human ****** ******.

VSaaS ****** *************

***

*** ****** *** **** *********** ** cloud ****** ********* ** *** *******, avoiding ***** ****** **** *** ****** sources, **** ** *******, *******, *******, rain, *** ******.

IPVM Image

*** **** ********** ********* ***** ****** our ***** *** *** ***************** ** inanimate ******* ** ****** ** ********, such ** * *******, ******, ** dumpster.

IPVM Image

*** ****** *****-********** ******** *** ******* color ****** *** **** *** ***** facial *********** ** ***, ***** ** common **** ***** *******.

************, *** ****** ******-***** **** ******** analytics *** *** ***** *******, ***** is ******** ** **** *****.

*******

******* ********* *** ****** ** ******** as ***-********** *********** ************ ****** *************, with ****** ****** *** ******* ********* at **** ******, ******** **** ***** alerts ****** *** ***** ****.

IPVM Image

******* **** ****** ******* ******** *********, a ***** ******** *** ******* ** most ***********, ***** ***** **** ** testing ** ******** ******-***** ******** *********:

IPVM Image

******* **** ****** ****** *********** ********* in *** ***** **** *** ********** subscriptions, ***** *** *******, *** ******** misidentification **** ******** ******** *** ****** color *****.

IPVM Image

*******

*** ** *********** ****** ************* (******* **** ****,******* ******* **********), ******* ** *********** *** **** household **** *** ********** *****. **** have ******* ** ********** **** ******** analytics ** *** ** ***** ******* and ** *** *****.

******* *********' ******* ***** ** *****-*****/**** PPF ************, ~** *** *** ****** detection, ***** *** ******* *** ******** by **** ***********.

IPVM Image

************, ******* ******* **** ***** ****** on ****, ***** ** ****** *** many *********.

IPVM Image

******* **** ******** ****** ***********, ******** color, ***** *********, *** ****** ********* with ***** ****** ************. *******, *********** varies ************* ***** ** ********, *** angle ** *******.

Software-Only ******** ******** ********

***** *** **** ****** ** ***** analytic ********-**** ********* ****** *** ***** (********* ** *** ***** ********* *********). ***** **** ***** ****** ***** surveillance ********* (*.*. ****** *** ******* detection), **** ***** ** ***********/***** ********** (e.g. ****** ***********, *** *********, ***).

***** ********* (****** **************) *** ******** of ******** **** ********-**** *********. **** is *** ***** ******** ** *********** or ********, ** **** *** *** tested **** ********-**** *********.

IPVM Image

***** (**-*********)

* **** ****-****** **************** ************* **** *********** *** ************, ****** control, *** ****** ************. **** ****** $43 ******* ** **** ******** * *** ***. ***** ** ****** ** $*,*** USD *** *******, *** ********* *** cost ** ****** ********. ************, ****** GPUs *** ********, ********** **** ******** to ******* ************ *******.

*****'* ****** *********** ** **** ** recognize ******** ** ~**-** *** ** well-lit ******, * ***** ***** ******* than **** ***** *********, ***** ********* 120 *** ** ****.

IPVM Image

*****'* ***** ************** ********* *** ****** in ***** ********* *******, **** false ****** ****** *** *******, ***** their ******* ********** ********* ** *.**, with * **** ******** ** ***** as ***, **** **** **** *** subjects ******* ** ***** ** ***** cameras. *******, **** ** * ***** population ******** ** **** ****** ****.

************, *********** ******** (*.*. **** ***, low *****/**** *** ** ***********) ****** moderately ******** ******, **** ****** **********, and ********* ********* **********:

IPVM Image

*****'* ********** *** ********* *** ********* issues, **** **** **'* *** *******/***** clients ** **** ** *********** ****** with *****-***** *****, ********** **** ******** to ****** ************ ********* (*.*. ********)

IPVM Image

********

*** ** *** **** ******** **** software-only ********* ** ***** ************ *********, outside ** *****. ******** ****** * broad ***** ** ******, ******* *********, and ****** ***********. **** **** ******** by***** (***** ** ********* *** ****) in ****.******** ** ********* **** ** ***** systems, **** * *** ******* *******, for ~$***-*** *** *** ******* (~$**,*** base ****).

******** ****** ******** ***** ** *** other ******** *********, **** ***** ******** and ******** ********* ******** ****** ************* compared ** ******* *** ******, **** features **** ** *****, ******** *****, vehicle ****, *********, ***., ******* ************ well ** ******* *** ******** *** light ******.

IPVM Image

*******, ** ******** ********** *** ***** ***** *********** ******** issues, *** ** ********** ******* ******** to ****** ***:

IPVM Image

************, *** ****** *********** ********* **** competitive **** ****** ** **** ******, such ** ********* *** ********, **** no ***** ************ ** * ***** of *******, *** **% ***** ****** per **** ******** *** ******** ***********:

IPVM Image

*******, ****** *** *** *********** *********** was ****, **** ** **** ***, narrow ****:

IPVM Image

******** **********+ ******* ******** *** ******* ***** *** several ****** (********* ******* *** *********) support **** ********. *******, ** **** of ********'* *** ************, ******** *** performed ** ** ******** ******** ******, not ** *** ****** *** ******.

IPVM Image

*******

****** / ** *********************** **** ** ********** ***** * ***** ***** ** people, *******, ***, *** ********* *********, with *** *** ******* ********** ***.

******* *** ** ********* ****** ***** of ~$***-*** *** *** ******* *** live ********* (********* *********, ****** ***********, abnormal ******, ***.) *** ~$***-*** *** video ******, *** *******. ***** ****** are ************* ***** ************************.

******* ****** **** ****** ****** ********* analytics, ***** ****** *********** *********** ** well-lit ******, **** ** ***** ******. IronYun ****** ********* **** ******** ******** and ****** ********* **********:

IPVM Image

*******, ** ******** **** ****** ***** detection/misclassifications ** ********* ** ******* ***** and ** ***** ******* ***** *** be ** ***** ** **** ************.

IPVM Image

*******'* ****** (*********, **** ***, ***.) and ****** *** *** ********** **** third-party *****. ****** *** ** **** to ***** ***** ****, *** **** configuration **** ** ********* ********. ******* connects ** **** *** *** **** to ******** ***** (**** *** ********) but **** ******* *-*** ******** ***********.

Challenges ********** ******** ****

********** ********-**** *********' ********* ************ *** accuracy ** *******, ******* ** ********/*** requirements, ******* *** ***** *** ************, and ***** ********-******** (*.*. ****** ******, healthcare, ********) **-**-****** ********.

SoC ************ *** *********

****** ************* *** *** ***** *** providers ******** ********* ** ************* *** justify ******* *******. ****** **************, ****-********-***** analytics ** ****** ** ************ ** SoC **** ******** ******* *** ************ in ******-********** ****** ********.

*** ********** **** *** **** ** SoC ********* *** ******* *** *********. The *****'* ******* ***** ************ **** provider,****** ********** *********, *** ******* ********** **** **** ** ********* 2020. ** *** ******** **** *** supply, *********** ********* *** ***** **** reports ********** **** ***** ************* **** a **** ** **** ******.

Significant ******* ********** - ***** *** *** *****

***** ***** *** ********** *********** ********** in ***** ************ ** ****, **** has ******* *** ** ****, *** it ** *** ***** **** *********/****** are ***** ** ***** ***.

**** *** **** ** ******** ** dollars ** ** ****** *********** *********, however, ** *** ****** ************* **** lawsuits ***** **** *** *** *** the ******** **** ** ****** **.******** *.*. ****** *** ********** ***** *********** ** ***** *** use ******* ** *** *.*.****** ************ ** **** ***********. *** growth ** ***** ********* *** ****** in ****.

*******

** ****** ********* ****** ** ** driven ** ****** *************, ** **** release ****** ******* ****-********-***** *********, **** a ******* ******* ** ** ****** available, ************ ** *****-**** ******. ************, direct-to-cloud ****** ********* ******** **** ************* cloud-based ****** ************** (*.*.********** *********) ** ********** **** *** ****** in ****.

****** ******** ********* *** ******** ************, and ***** ******* ** *** ***** away **** ********** ****** ** ****** resolution, ***** ** ***** ****** *************** between *** **** *** ***** ********** to ***** ********** *********.

*** ********-**** ******** *********, ** ** not ***** ** *** **** ****** mainstream/mass-adopted. **** *** **** ********** ********-**** provider, ********, ** * *****, ********* system, **** ********* ** ***** ********** users, ****** **** ********* ****-******.

Comments (16)

*** *** *** **** ****** **** to ******* ** *** *****? *'* selfishly ******** **** ******* * *** examples ** ********* **** ******* ***-** analytics (**** ****** :-) ***** **** have **** **********?

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

****** *** *** ******** ****; ******* to *** ********** *** ******* (*.*.****** ********* ******** ****), ****** ************* **** ** **** is **** ****** **** ** ***** surveillance, ********-**** ************* **** ******/**** ****** IPVM-tested ******* ** ** ***** ******* context.

**** ********* ** *** ******, ***** are **** ****** ** ******** ********* in ***** ************, *** **** ****** could ** **+ *****. ** **** is **** ** ******* ***** ********* ******, ** ****** ** ** **** condensed **** ****.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

** * ******** **** ** ******, I **** ** *** ****** **** comes ***** ** ***** *********** *** cost. *** **** ******** ** ***** user ********* ****** * *** ** be *******. *******, *** ******** ****** are ********** *** ***** ****** ** alerts.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

**** *** ***** *** *** ** we're ******* **?

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

* **** *** ***** ** * new ********* *** * ****** *** Google ***** ****** *****. *** *** I **** ** ***? ***** **** to!

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

**'** **** **** **** ***** **** on *** ***** **** **** **'** set ** * ***** ** ******* feedback ** ** ******* ******** *** main *****. **** **** ** **********@******.***** ***'* **** ** *** ******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*'* **** ******** **** ********. ****** for *** **** ** ***** ******** of *** *********. * **** ********'* technology, *** **'* **** ** *** over ****** *** **** **** ***** commercial. ************ *** ********** ************--****'* ***** I *** **** ********. ******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

* **** **** ** *********** ************'* rep *** ******* ***** **** ******** in *** ** ************* * ***** ago. * ** ****** ** ******* a *** ****** **** ******* ****** with **** ******* ** *** ********.

*** ****** ********* ** **** ***** Ironyun ** *********, *** **** *** adjust *** ***** ** ********** ***** in *** ****** **, ********* **** what *** **** ** ******* ** accomplish ** *** ***********, *.*. **** confidence ***** ** ******* ***** ********* or * ***** ********** ***** ***** a ******** *** **** ** ***** everything **** ******* ********* *** ****** of ********. ***** ** *** * perfect "*** **** **** ***" *** this **** ** ************; **** *********** potentially ******** **'* *** ******* ** optimize ***********. *********** ****** ** * have *********** *********** ********* ******* ** assist *** ******** ***** **** **** requested. **** ** **** *** ****** of **** ********.

********* *** ***********, ** **** ***** levels ** ***********.

*) ***** ********* ****.

*) ***** ********* *** ***** ***** notification.

*) ***** *********, ***** ***** ************, and ******** *********** *** ******** ****** client ********* *** *** *** ** conjunction **** ******.

**** *** ********* *** **** ******* integrated **** ****** ** ** #* above **** ****** ******** *** ** customer ******* *** *** *** ************ from *** *** ********. **** ** the *** ******* *** ************* *** integrated. *** **** **** ******* ******* via *** **** ** *********** **** .

******* ******** * ******* *** *** users *** ***** **** ** ****** the ******** ** ***** ******* (*.*. CRM) ** ********* ** ***** ******* so *** **** *** **** *********** there ***** ******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

****** *** *** ******** ****. ** have ********** ******* *** ********** ********* the ********** ****** *** ***** ****** on **** ** ********** ** ********* ****.

** *** ** ** ********** **** we ***** ** *** ************ *** VMS ***********. ** ** ***** ** our ****, ******* ** **** *********** ***** ** ****** ***** ******* instead ** ****** ** ******* ** individual *******. ** ** *** ********* refer ** **** ** **************. *********** ***** ** ******* ******** and ****** **** *** *** **** database ** **** ********* ** *********** native ** *** ***, *** ******* to *** ******** ******.

**** ** **** ******* ** **** option *, ***** **** ** ****** IronYun ** ****, *** *** *********, or ******* ** *****:

Weak *** *******

******* **** *** ********* *** **** events ** ****** ** *** *** out ** *** ***. ***** *** trigger ****** ** *** *** ***** HTTP, *** **** **** ** ********** manually. ******* ******** ****** ** *** available **** *** ***.

**** **** ***** ** ******* *** pulling **************, ********* ***** *** *********, ** well ** ********* *** ***** ****. These ************ ******* ******* **** ******* not ******** ** *** **** *******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

**** ****** *******. ***** ***.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

** * ******* ***'* **** ** let *** ******* *** ***** ***** upstart ********, *** **** ***** *********?

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

**** **************? ** *** ******** ** * few ****** ***, ********* *** *********** with ********.

*** ******* ** *** **** ******, it's * ******* ****** ******** ******* models, *.*.:

********* **** **** ****** **** ****** network ************* **** ** ******, ******** that **** **** ******* ** ******* datasets **** ****, *********, ***.

******, *** *** *** ***** *********? With **** **** **?

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

** **** **** ** ** **** blue **** ******** *** **** **** it ** * ***** ***** *** for **** ** *** *********** ****** for ****** **** ********.

**** ***** * ***** ****** * couldn't **** ******** ** ** ** ipvm?

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

* ***** ********** ** *** *** analize ********* ** ***/**** ************* *** example ****** * **** ** ****** hours, *******, ***.

** ******* ** **** ********* ** cameras **** **** ** ***** ** just *** ** *** *** ******* moving ** *** ****** ***

******

Agree
Disagree: 1
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

********* ** ******* **** **** ** there ** **** *** ** *** two *******

***** ***** *** ********** *********** ** the ************ ****** ** ******* **** can ** ********/********** ** * ****** camera, *** ** *** ****** "**** work"? *** ********* ***** ******/*******? ** somehow ******** ********** *** ********* *******?

** **** *** **** *** ******, and ***** **** ** *** ********* testing ** ****** *******/*******, ** **** test ********* ** ***** **** ******** vehicles *** ****** ******* ******* *** field ** ****:

IPVM Image

** *** **** ** * ***** number ** ******, *** ************/******** ************, triggering * ********* ***** ***** ** sufficient, ** **** ******** ** ****-************* would ** **** ** *** ***** was **** **** * ****** ******. This ***** ********* ** ** ***** where **** ****** ******** ** **** other *********** *** ******* * **** granular/accurate *********.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

** ****, ***** *** ** *** my **** ... * ****** *** word "*****" ** "******* ********* ** med/high ***** *************".

* ***** "**** ****" ** **** do *** ****** **** *** ********** that ************ ******* ** *** ********. For *******, ********* ***** *** ****** wrote: "*****'* *** ****** **** ******** detection, ************** ** ****** *** ******** vehicle *****..." * *** * ********** experience **** ***** *** *** **** to ********* ********* ** ******* *** abandoned ******* *** * **** *** area. ************** *** **** **** ** one ** *** ******* **** ******* in *** ***, *** **** **** crowded **** ************ ** **************. **** sensibility ******** **** ****** **** ******** to ********** *********** ** *****.

******

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny
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