Access Control Cabling Tutorial

Author: Brian Rhodes, Published on Mar 17, 2013

Access Control is only as reliable as its cables. While this aspect lacks the sexiness of other components, it remains a vital part of every system. In this note, we look at the types of cables used by these systems, including 22/4, 18/6, 22/2, and where special attention should be spent when installing them.

Defining the Network

****** ******* ******* *** ***** ******* ** ***** **** ******* components:

  • ********, ** **-***** *******
  • '*********', ** ******-********* *******
  • ******** *******

*** ***** ** **** **** ********* ** ********* **** *** first *** *****, ******** **** **** '********' ******* ******* ** wired ********** ********* ** *** ******. *** **** ******* ** wireless *******, *** *** '******** ****** ******' ****** *** **** details.  ***** ******** ******* ******** ** **** ** **********, ****** control ** **** ***** * '****** ******' **** **** *********** stranded **** *** *************.

Which **** ** ***?

**** ******* ************ ****** ***** **** ** ******* ** ***, depending ** ***** ****** ** ***** *********. *** *******:

* ********* *****:********* **** ** ******* ******* ** ***********, **** ****** ** connectors ****** **** ** ***** **** ********* ***** ******* * unique ******** ** *** ******. *******, '*****' ********* (**** ****** beeper, ** ****** ****) *** **** *** ********** **********, *** items **** ***** *** ***** **** *** ******** ***** **** conductor *****. *** ***** ***** ******* * ****** ********* *** a*********-***** ******* ******:

* ********* ***** (* ****)/ * ********* ***** (* ****):  **** ***** ** ******** **** ******* *** **** ******* panel *** **** **********, *** *** ***** **** ********* ** a ******. **** ******* **** ***'******* ** ****' ******* ** closer ******** *** ***** ***** **** ****. ****** ******** ******* standards **** ***** **** ** *** ******, ***** *********** *** span ********* ** **** ***** *** **** **** ** *****. In **** *****, ***** * ***** ** ******* ******* **** work, ** ** ***** **** ******** ** ****** ********* **** the ************ **********, ** **** ******* *** ******* ********** ***** depend ** ********** ** *************:

* ********* *****:**** ***** ** ********* **** ** ******* ***** ** *******, like ********, *******, ** ***** ********* ******* **** *********** *** Push *******.  ** **** ** **** ** **** ******* *******, door ******** *******, *** ** ******* *** */* ****** *********. 

Drain/Shielding *****

**** **** ******* ******* *** ******** **** '*****' ***** **** are ******** *** *** **** * **** ****** ** * 'noisy' **/*** ***********. *** ***** **** **** ** * ******** sink *** ******* ************ ****** *** ******, *** ***** ******** transmission ******* ******/********** ** **********/*****. 

Which ***** ** ***?

**** *****, ** *********, ** * *** ****** ********** ** cable *** ********, ******* *** ******** ****. *** ************ ********* the ****'* ******** *****. *** **** ****** ****** ****** ** access ******* *** **, **, **, *** ** *** *****. In *******, ******* ******** *** ****** ********* **** *** ****** diameter **** (***** *** ******). **** ********* *** ******* ********* wiring, *** *** ***** ************* *** ****** ********* ** ***** distance / **** ** ******* ****. 

Combining ******

****** ** ******* ***** * ****** ***** ********* ******** * device, ** ****** ********** **** ******* ******* ********* ***** ** cables. *** *******, ***** ***** ** * * ********* ******* with * *** * *. **** *** * *** ******** of ****** ************:

  • **/*: **** *****
  • **/*: ****** *****/*************
  • **/*: *** *******/***
  • **/*: ****/***** ******** ********

*** ******** ************* ** ****** ******* ** *** *** ** devices **** ** *** ****. *******, *** ****** ** ****** normally **** *** ****** * ** * *****, *** ** some ***** ******** ******* **** ******** *** *** ******* *** be ********* ** *** **** ****.

Factory ******* ** ***

***** ************ *** ** ********* ** * ******* ****** ** combined ** *** ********* *******.

**** ******* ********* ***** ******* ******* ****** ******** ** *** common ********** *** ****** ** *** ******* ******* ******** ** sealed **** * ****** ******. *** ***** ***** ** ** example ** * ******* ******* *** *** ***** ** ***** it ********:

 

****** *******: ***** **** ************** ** ****** ****** *** *********, **** ********* cost **** *** **** ****** **** ******** ****** ****** ******** manually. **** *** ******* *****:

  • *** **** ** ******* ******* ***** @ ~$***, ** ***** $1.60 *** ****.

******** *******:******* **** ** *** **** ********** ** ************ ****** ******:

  • **/* @ $***
  • **/* @ $**
  • **/* @ $**
  • **/* @ $***

*****: ~$***, ** ***** $*.** *** ****. ***** ********** ******* ****** a ******* ~$*.** *** ****.

***** ******** ******* ********* ****** ********* *******, ******* ******* ****** ***** cost. * ***** **** ** ***** ** * ** * hours *********** **** *** *** **** *** ******** ****** *******, which ***** * *** ******* ******* ** ***. 

******* ****** ****:***** **** ****** *** **** ******, ******* ******* ****** **** no **** ** ******** ********. ***** **** ********* ******* *****, having * ****** ****** ** ***** **** ****** *** ********** the ***** ****** **** ******** *******. 

******* ****** ****:******** ********** ** ******* *** *********, *** ****** ************* ** essential. ***********, *** ***** **** **** *** **** '***' ** devices, *** *** ****** *** ****** ******* ********. **********, ********* on *** ********* ******** ** **** **********, ********** ****** *** need ** ** *** ********** **** * ****** **********.

************

******* ****** ** **** *** ****** ********** ** ********** **** ********* than ******** ******** ********. *** **** *** *** ******* ****** of ****** *******, *** ********* **** *** ** *** ***** farther **** *** ** ********* ** ****** *********. ****, *** construction ** ***** *** ****** **** *******, *** ******* ****** 10 **** ** *** **** *** ** **** **** ********* than ******* ******** ** **** ** ***** ***** ** ********.

** ******* *** ******* **** *******, ** **** ***** ** run ******* **** *** **** ****** ******. **** *** ******* of * ****** ***** '***** *****' **** *******, ******** ** swinging **** ****** ***** ***** *** '*****'. ****** **** ****** the ******** ***** **** ********** ** **********, * ****** **** crossing ******** ***** *** ****** **** ** *****, ********* ******* cable ******* *** ************ *****.

**** **** ** ***** **** ******** **** ****** ** *** break *****, *** ******* ****** ** ***** ****** ** * manual *** **** ********* *******. **** *** ******* ********** *****, and ****** *** ***** **** **** ***** ******** ****** ** reach ****** ******** *********:

Other *******

****** ******* ******* *** ********* ******** ***********. *** *******, ****** cabling ** ********** *** ** ****** ******* **** ***** ******, and **** **** *** ******* **** ********* ********** ************** (*.*.,******* jacket) **** ******** *****.

******* ****** ***** ** ******** *********** ** ********* ** ******* devices. ** **** *****, ******* ** *** ** ***** ******** or **** ******* * ***** ****, *** **** ** *********** with ****** ******* ************. ******** ******* * **** *** ******* * ****-***** ********* *** *** *** ** *****-***** ********* ******** *** *****.

***** *** ******** ** **** * ************ *** ** ******** with ********** ********** ** *** ***** ***** ***. ***** ************ vary ** ************,******** **** *** ***** * ******* ***** ****.

Comments (10)

*****, ******* ***** *******.

** *** ****** ******* ******* **** * ******, * ******* specify ** ******* ******* ** *** ****** ** **** **** reader ****. **** ******* ** ********* ** ** ********* ****** on *** ********** *** ** ********* ********** ** ***** ** "door ******" *** "**** *******" **********. * **** ** **** helpful ** ******* **** **** ** ******** ** *** ***** at *** **** **** **** **** **** ********* ***** ** discourage ******** ********.

**** ******* ******** ** ********** **** ** *****, ***** * usually *** ** *** ***** ***** ** *** *** ****** detector, ** * **** **** * **/* ****** **** * 22/4.

****** **** ********** ***** ***** ** *** *****, ** ******** one ******* ******* ***** (*********) **** ***** *** ***** *** every **** *** ****** *** ** * ******** *****. *** micromanagement ** ***** ********* *** ******* ***'* ***** *** ********* tiny ******* **. ********* **-****. ** ** **** ****** *** the ************ ********* ******** *** **** **********.

*** ***** *** ***** ** ******* ** * ******* ** using *** ****** ******. * *** **** ***** *** ******* as **'* *** ******* * ***, *** ** ****** *** to *** *** ****** (**** **** ** ***** *******) ** beep ** **** **** ****, *** ****** * *******.

******* ***** ** * *** ****** **** * ***** ** sounder, *****'* **** ** ******* *** ***, *** *** **** device ** *** ****.

*********** ******* *** ******** **** **** *** ********* ******* *** a ***** *******.

******* *** ******** **** ***** (***) *** ********* *******, ****** can **** ***** ** ********, ********* ******, *******, ******/*******, ***********, etc.

*** ***** *** *** **** **** ** *********** ** **** or *****, ******* *** **** **** *** ******** *******.

******* ******* *** * **** ** ******** ******** ** *** manufacturer ** *** **** *** ** ******* ********* ** *** wire ****. * ** *** *** ***** ****, ****** **** at * ***** *******. **** ********* ****** **** ** *** or **** ** *** ** ***** *** **** *** *********** and ** ***** **** *******.

******* ** ******* ** *** **** **** **** ***** (***) measurements *** ********* ******* ** *** ****** **** ** *** wire (** ** ******* **** **, ***). * **** ***** many ** *********** *** "** *** ** ******" **** **** they **** ** **** "*** ******** **** ******* ** ** awg". * ********* ********* ** *** "*******" ** "*******" ** describe **** ****, ** **** ****** *********.

**** ******* *** ***** ********* *** ********* **** **** ******* inputs, *** ** ***. *********, *** ****** **** ******* ***** half ** **** **** ** *** ** ** **** ** 12V (**** ** *** ****** **** - *** **** ** verify). ** ***** *** **** *** *** ***** *** **** with * ******* **** ** *** ****** ** *** *** higher *******.

****** ******* *****, ****** :)

***** *******. * **** **** ** ******* ** ******* ******* but ***** *** ***** ****** ** ******** ***** **** *** drain ** *** ****** *****, *** ****** ** *** ***** running ****** **** ***** *** *** ******* *** *** *****. For *******, *** ***** ** ******** *** **** ********* ****** but *** **** ** ** **** ********* ** *** ***********. I **** **** ************ **** **** ***** *** *** */** and *** ****** ********* **** "******" *** ** ***** ****** a **** ****** ** *** **** ** ****** *** **** or **** ********** ** *** ******** ***** ****'* ******** *********. I ***** ***** **. *** ****** **** ** **** ************'* recommendations *******'* ** **********.

******* ***** ******* ** ****, ** *** **** ** *** cabling, ****** ***** ****** **** *** ** ***, *** ******** skinned *** *** ***** *** *** **** ** ***** **** are ** *** ******** ****** ** **** ***** *** **** affect *** ******* ** *** ************* *** **** **** ** harder ** ************ ****** ******.

***** **** *****, ** **** ** ********.

*** ******* **** **-*,**-*,**-* ** *** ******** ****** ******. *** 22-6 ** ********* ****** **** ** * ***** *** ****** use **** *** ******** ******* ********* ********* ** **** ** needed.

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