The Access Control Codes Guide: IBC, NFPA 72, 80 & 101

By: Brian Rhodes, Published on Nov 07, 2019

For access, there is one basic maxim: Life safety above all else. But how do you know if all applicable codes are being followed?

While the basic maxim is simple to understand, many potential variations of rules exist, and access control professionals must understand them and how they apply.

In addition to looking at why codes are necessary, we examine the major codes dictating access control work including:

  • IBC: International Building Codes
  • NFPA 72: Fire Alarm
  • NFPA 80: Fire Doors
  • NFPA 101: Life Safety

This guide also provides the three steps needed to find which code applies to an opening, how to find local exceptions to broader codes, and which specific door functions impact code application.

*** ******, ***** ** one ***** *****: **** safety ***** *** ****. But *** ** *** know ** *** ********** codes *** ***** ********?

***** *** ***** ***** is ****** ** **********, many ********* ********** ** rules *****, *** ****** control ************* **** ********** them *** *** **** apply.

** ******** ** ******* at *** ***** *** necessary, ** ******* *** major ***** ********* ****** control **** *********:

  • ***: ************* ******** *****
  • **** **: **** *****
  • **** **: **** *****
  • **** ***: **** ******

**** ***** **** ******** the ***** ***** ****** to **** ***** **** applies ** ** *******, how ** **** ***** exceptions ** ******* *****, and ***** ******** **** functions ****** **** ***********.

[***************]

Why ************** ** *********

*************, * ******* ** tragedies *** ****** *** the ****** ****** ***** are ******.

** *** **, ********* like ***'* ************ ********** ****(******* ****** ***) ***** the ********** ** ******** operated *** ********** ****** routes ** * *********, eventually ********* ***** **** ********** ****** life/safety ***** ** * direct ***********:

****** ****** ***** *** designed ** **** *********** critical ********** ***** ******, condensing ****** ************ *** even ******* ********** **** physical ****** ** ****** rules.

The ***** **********

***** * *********** ****** of ***** *** **** worldwide, **** *********** **** code ****** **** * few '***** ****' **********. We ***** **** ** these ***** ** ******** sections *****.

*** ****** ** *** model ***** **** ** many ***** ** *** world *** ***, *** our:**** ****** ****, ***, and *** ***** *** Standards.

*******, **** ** *** a ************* ****, *** other ******* *** ** applied ******* *** ****** control *******, ********* ****** BOCA *****,***, *** ********** ********** or ******** ************ *****.

NFPA ***

*** ******** '**** ****** Code' ** *** **** widely **** ****** ** protect ****** ***** ** building ************, **********, *** occupancy *******.

***** **** *** ** comprehensive, *** **** ******** passages *** ****** ******* include:

  • **** ***: '************ ********** Egress *****' (****, ****: 7.2.1.5.6; ****: *.*.*.*.*)
  • **** ***: '********* *******' (2015, ****: *.*.*.*.**-**; ****, 2006, ****: *.*.*.*.* -*.*.*.*.**)
  • **** ***: '****** ********** Egress *****' (*.*.*.*.*)

************, ************ ********** ******* ******* ** Exit (***),**** *******, ********** ******************** ******* ** **** 101.

NFPA **

******* *** **** ******, this **** ** ********* cited ** ********** ****** control ******* ** *** special *********** ******** ******* the **** ***** *** the **** ***** ******.

** *******, **** **** is *** ********** ** requirements **** ***** **** release **** **** ****** or ***** ********* ** into *****.

IBC: ************* ******** ****

*** ***, ********* ***** ************* **** *******, ** *********** * guidebook *** ********* *** engineering **** *********.

** *** ******** ******** as *** *********, **** whatever ********* ***** **** do **** ********* **** guidance **** *** ******.

  • ***: '**** **********' (****: 1010.1.9; ****, ****: ****.*.*; 2006, ****: ****.*.*)
  • ***: '****** ******* ** Electrically ****** ****** *****' (2015: ****.*.*.*; ****: ****.*.*.*; 2009: ****.*.*.*; ****, ****: 1008.1.3.4)
  • ***: '******************* ****** ****** Doors' (****: ****.*.*.*; ****: 1008.1.9.9; ****: ****.*.*.*)

NFPA **

************, **** **** ******** Fire ***** *** *** they *** ******** **** for ********** ** * building.

** **** *****, ***** door ***** *** **** slated ** ****** ******-********** openings, *** *** '***** or ******* (*.*.*)' ******* describes ***** ************* *** permitted *** ****** *** without ******* ***** **** door *******.

International *****

******* **** *** *** highest ******* *********** ** no ***** ***** *** cited **** ****** *** defacto *********** ********* ****** control ** *** **.

*** *******, ** ******, many ***** ***** *** access *** ***** ** the '******** ******** ****: NBC'. ******** ***** ***** are ***** **: '**** Release ******** (****, ****: 3.4.6.16; ****:*.*.*.**)'

Local **** ********** **** ********

******** ** *********-******** ***** are ********** ******** ** local********* ****** ************ (****), *** ** ** the ************** ** ****** control ********* ** ********* if ***** *********** ****** what ** ******** ******* in ***** *****.

*** ***** ***** ******* examples ** ***** **** exceptions **** **** ** obtained ******* *** ***** AHJ's ******:

*******, **** **** ***** exceptions *****, *** ******* intent ** *** ****: life ****** **** ** preserved.

******, ** ** *************; normal *********, ********* *********, or **** ********* ***********, can * **** ******* an ******** **** ******** the ********.

How ** ********* ***** ***** ***** ** ** *******

** ***** ** ********* which ****** ***** ***** to * ******** ******* or **** ** * project, *** ***** ***** below **** ****** *** answer:

  1. ********* ********** ***** ****
  2. ******** ********* *****
  3. ********* ** ******* ** Emergency ******

Determine ********** ***** ****

** *** *****, *** first **** ** ** determine ***** ***** ***** and ******** ***** ** a *******.

***** *********** **** ****** ************* **** ********** ***** and **** ******* *** ***** ** ****.

Building ********* *****

****, ************ *********** ********* ********* **** ****** ***** portions ** **** ***** to * ***** *******.

********* ***** ****** ***** type ** **** ******** can ** ****** ** doors, **** ******** *** use (** ***) ** exit ******* *** ********. In **** ***** '*** size **** *** *** all', *** **** ******* can **** ********* ** the ****'* ********* *** classification.

** **** ***** ***** ratings *** ********* ** drawing **** ** **********, usually ******* ** ** "Occupancy ********" **** **** example:

********* ******** '******* *****' of ****** ** ******** room **************, **** '******** room' ** '******' ********** which ***** ****** ***** on **** *** ***** loading. ***** *** **** like '********* *****' *** 'Occupancy (** ********) **************', the ****** ***** *** the ***** *** ** determined.

** ***** *****, *** designer **** **** ***** *** ***** ******* ************ ** be ******** ** *** AHJ. ** ******* *** basic *********** ****** ** the ***** ******* "********** Manual *******".

Establish ** ******* ** ********* ******

*******, ********* ** ** access-controlled ******* ** ** egress **** *** ** confirmed ** ****** ***********.

** **** *****, ** the ******* ** ******** by *********** ********* **** signs, ** ** * positive ********** *** ******* is * ****** ********* egress **** *** *** an ******** ******** ** corridor ****.

******* ****** ** ** determine ** ******* ***** are ********* ** ****** emergency ********** *****:

*** ***** ******** ***** will **** ****** ********* understand ***** ***** ****** system **************.

Door ******** *********

***** **** ******** ***************, the ******** ** * controlled ******* ** **** an ********* *************. *** types ** ***** ***** have ******* ************** **** installed ** **** ** access *******:

  • **** *****:*** ******** *** **** than **** ******* ********; they ******* ** ******** safety ******** ** ***** risk ** * **** condition. ******* ** **** function, *** ***** ******* construction, **** ***** **** be ********** ******* ** a **** *** ****** be *** ** ******** for ********.
  • ********* *****: ******* ********* ***** are ******, ** ******* unauthorized ****** ****** ****** conditions, *** ** * fire ***** ***** **** be ******* ** ** occupant ******* * **** cannot ** ******* ** a *********. *** **** reason, ******-********** ********* ***** are ********* ********** ** typical ***.
  • ******* ****** *****:***** ******* **** *********** 'lock *********** **' *** subject ** ******* *********, and *** **** ***** of ********* ** ********* governed ** ****, **** how **** * '***** period' *** ** (** or ** *******) ** which ***** *** ** kept ****** ** ******* unauthorized **** (*.*.: ******** and ******* **** **********).

*********** *** ******** **** with *** ********* *** facility ********* **** ** vital, *** ******* ************ what ******** *** *********** on ***** ***** **** be **** ******* ****** any ************ **** *********.

Comments (1)

*'* ** *** ****** east *** ***** *** see ******** ** **** doors **** *** ******* and ** ******** ***** break ***** *****. * don't **** ** *** have ***** ** *** US *** **** *** common ***** ** ****** and *** ***** ** series **** *** ******* power ** *** *** always ***** ** ***** to *** **** ** an ********* ** ******* the ******* ** *** device.

* *** ** * manufacturers ****** *** **** ago ***** ******** *** pointed *** **** **** don't **** ***** ***** units ** ***** ********* doors, **** *** ** telling ** *** ***'* need **** *** *'* saying **** ** *** controller ***** **, **'* like ** **** ***** happens.... ******'* *** **** it * *** ***** later ** *** ****** in *** ******** **** because *** *** ****** is *** **********, ******* a ********** ****** ***** Ive **** **** ***** over *** **** ** years **** **** ******* equipment.

**** ***** ** *** world **** **** ***** allot **** ********* **** others, * ****** ** London *** ***** *** its ***** * ** the **** ******** ***** list ****** *** *** occupy * ********.

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