IPVM Vulnerability Scanner Released / Deprecated

By IPVM Team, Published Jun 18, 2018, 07:31am EDT

IPVM is proud to announce video surveillance's first and only cybersecurity vulnerability scanner. This tool allows quickly and simply identifying known video surveillance vulnerabilities. It is available as a Windows and MAC download, free for all to scan a single IP address at a time or to scan entire networks at once for IPVM members.

This 30-second overview explains what the vulnerability scanner does:

Benefits of the Vulnerability Scanner

The reality is your video surveillance cameras or recorders may have vulnerabilities you are simply unaware of:

(1) You may have bought OEMed equipment (e.g., Honeywell, Interlogix, Tri-Ed, ADI, ADT, etc.) and not even realize you have vulnerable Dahua or Hikvision equipment.

(2) You may not have gotten word from your manufacturer on vulnerabilities as most manufacturers strive to minimize publicity of these issues.

(3) And, even if you are aware of vulnerabilities, you may not have found all the devices that are vulnerable in your system.

The Scanner addresses this by looking for the known signatures of these vulnerabilities, automatically examining your networks and reporting back on your cameras or recorders that show vulnerabilities.

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How To Video

The following video shows the basics of how to use the Scanner and what options can be used:

Privacy Built-In

The Scanner has privacy built-in, it never uploads, records nor shares any vulnerability information. It displays this only on your own computer.

The only outbound requests the Scanner makes is to get updated versions and for member sign-in to enable scanning entire networks.

Known Limitations

The Scanner has some known limitations:

  • MAC OUI addresses are used as part of identifying vulnerable devices. If we are missing a MAC OUI, we could potentially miss a vulnerability. If the scan is being done remotely, where MAC OUIs are not available, we cannot as definitively verify the vulnerability (displayed as 'possible') in such cases.
  • Vivotek has a known vulnerability but we are not currently scanning for it since the check involves crashing the web server. Since, we do not want to endanger any potential product systems, we are currently omitting it but searching for an alternative technique.
  • We have limited the number of IP addresses that can be simultaneously scanned to a Class B address range to minimize probing the public Internet for insecure devices. That, combined with the limitation on MAC OUI checking, will limit misuse.

Thanks To Bashis

While any error is entirely IPVM's, we would like to thank Bashis, (1) for finding so many of these manufacturer vulnerabilities (e.g., 1, 2, 3, 4) and (2) for volunteering feedback on the Scanner's implementation to improve its functionality.

Future Features

We have a number of requested and potential future features. In no particular order:

  • Exporting results: In 1.0, we show a list of results with IP addresses and vulnerability information. In the future, we will add a way to download that list to a csv or text file.
  • Local history: Members have asked for a way to store a local history of previous searches (e.g. different IP addresses or ports, etc.).
  • Default / weak passwords: Another cybersecurity concern are devices using default passwords (see our list) or weak passwords (e.g., 1234, abcd, password, etc.). We are considering a future addition that scans for such issues.
  • OEM detection: Members have asked about notifying them if they have products that are OEMed from Dahua, Hikvision, etc. This could help them identify potential vulnerabilities and products that are prohibited.

Ask Questions / Share Problems

Surely there will be many questions and certainly some problems. We are happy to answer any questions and help with any problems, either commenting below or emailing us - support@ipvm.com

Deprecated August 2019

IPVM has deprecated support for the Vulnerability Scanner and is no longer offering it for download. While the Scanner will continue to work as is, we are not currently planning to update it.

The reason for this is the difficulty of properly fingerprinting various vulnerabilities, especially those that depend on actions that could damage devices we are probing, because of the type of vulnerabilities they are.

IPVM remains open for looking at other ways to notify and alert on vulnerabilities.

2 reports cite this report:

VMS Camera Management Shootout - Avigilon, Dahua, Exacq, Genetec, Hanwha, Hikvision, Milestone, Network Optix on Oct 29, 2018
Camera setup, configuration and maintenance are the most common tasks when...
The Dumb Ones: PSA's Bozeman On Cybersecurity on Jun 15, 2018
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