Vehicle Gate Access Control Guide

By: Brian Rhodes, Published on Mar 07, 2018

Vehicle gate access control demands integrating myriad systems to keep unauthorized cars out.

Everything from high voltage electrical, to concrete modification, trenching, welding, low voltage systems (<50 volts), and manual labor is required to accomplish a fundamental task of access: keeping the bad guys on the outside of the fence.

In this note, we examine the various facets of gate access, from design to install, and even the special equipment needed to get the job done.

  • Defining what 'Ground Loops' Are
  • Answering Why Vehicle Gates Require Them
  • Special Card Reader Pedestals
  • When Long Range Readers Are Needed
  • Integrating High Powered Operators
  • Why Intercoms and Lights Are Important

Gate Access Design

The most common method of restricting vehicle and pedestrian access at property lines is through fences and gates. While security integrators are not typically tasked with designing or installing perimeter fences, many find themselves working to integrate access control with them.

The image below is a typical example of how a gate is integrated with various systems to work with electronic access:

The major parts of the system are typically only used with vehicle access applications:

  • Inductive Ground Loops
  • Long Range Readers
  • Reader Stand/Bollard Design
  • Gate Operators
  • Integrating EAC to Operators

******* **** ****** ******* demands *********** ****** ******* ** keep ************ **** ***.

********** **** **** ******* electrical, ** ******** ************, trenching, *******, *** ******* systems (manual ***** ** ******** ** accomplish * *********** **** of ******: ******* *** bad **** ** *** outside ** *** *****.

** **** ****, ** examine *** ******* ****** of **** ******, **** design ** *******, *** even *** ******* ********* needed ** *** *** job ****.

  • ******** **** '****** *****' Are
  • ********* *** ******* ***** Require ****
  • ******* **** ****** *********
  • **** **** ***** ******* Are ******
  • *********** **** ******* *********
  • *** ********* *** ****** Are *********

Gate ****** ******

*** **** ****** ****** of *********** ******* *** pedestrian ****** ** ******** lines ** ******* ****** and *****. ***** ******** integrators *** *** ********* tasked **** ********* ** installing ********* ******, **** find ********** ******* ** integrate ****** ******* **** them.

*** ***** ***** ** a ******* ******* ** how * **** ** integrated **** ******* ******* to **** **** ********** access:

*** ***** ***** ** the ****** *** ********* only **** **** ******* access ************:

  • ********* ****** *****
  • **** ***** *******
  • ****** *****/******* ******
  • **** *********
  • *********** *** ** *********

[***************]

******* ***** **** ********* *** still ***** ****** ** leverage ******** ** *** typical **** ***. *** our ***** ********* *** ************ Guide.

Inductive ****** *****

********* ******* ****** '****** loops' *** **** ** sense ******** ** *** gate ********. *** *** of ****** ***** ** widespread, ** **** ******* signals ** ************ ****** use **** ** ****** vehicles.

****** ***** **** ** inductive ***** ** * constant *****. **** * large ***** ****** (**** a *******) ****** *** field, *** ******** ********** of *** ***** *******, signalling *** ******** ** a ******* *** ********** devices **** ***** ** open ** *****.

********* ** ** *************** measurement, ** * ***-******* mass **** * ***** or ****** **** *** influence *** *****. ********* most ****** ***** *** tuned ** **** **** small ******** ******, **** bicycles, *****, ** ******* will *** '**** *** sensor', *** **** **** will ******* ** ******* traffic.

*** **** ****** ********, a ****** ** ****** loops *** ****:

  • **** ****: **** **** is ********* * ******** away **** *** ****, primarily ** **** *** gate ** ***** **** before *** ****** ******* reaches *** ****.
  • ****** ****** ****: *********** this **** ** **** to ****** *** ******** of * ******* ** the **** ** * swinging ****. ***** *** necessity ** **** **** depends ** *** **** of **** ***** ****, most ********* * *****-*** distance *** ********* ** the ****** *******.
  • ******* ****** ****: ** many *****, **** **** is **** ** * form ** '****-**********', ***** multiple ******** *** '*****' behind * ****** **** and **** ******* ***** on * ****** ********** read. *****, *** *********** to *** **** **** changes ***** ** **** operation, *** **** ****** it ** ****** **** the ******* **** ********** passes *******.

********** ****** ***** *** simple, *** ****** ********** for **** **********. ********* loops *** ********* ******* of *****. *** **** and ******** ** *** loop **** ********* ** the ************, *** ********** them ******** ******* ***** grooves (*****) **** ********, threading *** **** **** the *******, *** **** sealing *** *** **** a ***-*******, ********* ************ or ***. **** **** installing ***** **** '***' concrete, *** ******* ******* is ****, ****** **** embedding, ******* *** ***** of *** **** **** the ******** **** ** tightly **********.

*** ***** ***** ***** this *******, ****** *** installer ** '*******' *** loop ** * ***-*** depth **** *** *******:

 

****** ******** ******** * high ******* *** **** special ******. *** ********* of *** *** ** like ***** ******** ****, where *** ***** ** the *** ** ********** by ******. *** ****** cutting ****** *** ** 'wet', ***** ***** ** run **** *** ***** for ******* *** ** lubricate *** ***.

**** ************ ********* ****** companies, *** **** **** improvement ********* ***** ******** saws *** ****. *** amount ** *** **** for * ******* **** job ** ******, *** most *** ** **** with * ******** ****:

Reader ********

*** **** ***** '******** outside *** ***' **** off ** ****** ******** design. ******* ******* ******** pass ******* *****, ******** readers ** ***** ****** stations *** ** ****** at **** *********.

*********** ******** **** ****** differs ******* ******* *** average ***** *** ****** tractor *******, *** **** solution ** ***** ** create * '**** *****' with * *** ******* and **** *******. *** image ***** ** ** example ** * '***** driver' ***** *******, *** 'left ******' ********* **** arrangement ** ********* ********:

****** ***** ******* ***** this ********** *******: ********** bollards **** **** ********* adjacent ** *** ****** station ** ******* ****** if * ******* ******* the *****. ******** *** sturdy, ********* ******** ** ensure * *****-*** **** between ********* *** ********.

Long ***** *******

***** *** ********* ** vehicle *****, **** ***** readers *** **** ******* of **** ***********. ****** mullion ***** ******* **** measure * *** ****** tall, *** ******** ******* and ***** ************ ** a **** ***** ********* style ****** *** **** large, **** ** ~**" square ** ******.

*** *** ** ***** readers ********* ****** * vehicle ** *********** ***** a ******* ** ***** to *** ********** *****, have ** **** ** the ****, *** ***** it ** *** *******. Because '**** *****' *** still **** **** **** 15' *** **** ***********, the ******* **** **** relatively ***** ** *** gate *** **** ***** it *****:

 

** * '******* *****', or ******* ******* *** gate ******* ********, ** required * ******-***** ******/********** technology ** ***** ******. Typically ********* ** *** band **** ******* *** used *** **** *******, but **** *** ******* an ********** ********** **** specific ** *** ****** to ** ****** *** maintained.

*** ****, *** *** **** ***** ****** ******* Readers ********.

Gate ******** *********

*** ** *** **** critical *** ********* ******* aspects ** ******* **** access *** ** ********** by ******* *** ******* in ****: *** **** should ** ********** **** like * ****. *******, rather **** *********** * strike ** *******, *** access ****** **** ******* the ****'* '********', ** movement *********.

******* * **** *** interfacing **** *** ** the ********* ******* *** outputs ** * ******* task. *** **** ****** may **** ** ** specially ***** ** ********* to **** ****** *** reliably. ***** **** **** controllers **** *** ******, outputs, *** ************** ****** to ******* *** **** opening, ** ** **** to *** *** ******** for **** *******, *** only ********* *** *** controller ** ******* *** gate ** **** ** close ***** ** ********** reads.

**** ********* **** ****** according ** *** ***** style ** **** **** are ******* ****. *** physical ****, ******, *****, and ******* ****** ** the **** *** *** factors ** ********* *** right ********. *** **** of **** ** ********* matched ** *** *********** and ***** ******* ** this ****. (*** * comprehensive **** ** *** different ****** ** ******** gates *********, *** *** '******** ***** ********'.)


*******, ********** ** *** type ** ******** ****, the ****** ** *********** the ****** ******* ****** and *** **** ** the ****: ***** ********. The ***** ***** ** a ******* ******* ** an ******** ******* *****, with *** *** ****** called ***:

******** **** *********** ** reader ********** *** ***** directly ** *** ****** of *** *********** **** operator, *** *** *** nuances ** ****, *******, and ****** ****** **** place ** *** ******** itself.

Intercoms *** ****** *** *********

******* ******* ***** *** typically **** ********* **** buildings, ******* **** ** users *** **** **** their ***********, ** ******** visitors *** ** * real *********.

*** **** ******, **** practices *** ********* ** reader ****** ** *** possibility ** **** ********** is **** *** *********** the ********* ** ******** gates **** ******* ** the ***** ******* *****.

*** ********* ** *********, or **** ***** ******** stations ** *** **** keeps ************ ****** *******, yet ****** **** ** solicit **** ** ******:

******* '*****' ********* ** hanging ****** ****** ** the **** ** **** on *** ******* ***:

***** *** ********* ** the **** *** ******** of *** ******* *** be ********* ** ********** or ********** *******, ********** a ****** ******* *** simple ***** ***** ** signal ** *******. ***** basic ****** *** ****** feedback (**: *** ***** 'stop', ***** ***** '**', yellow ***** '*****'), ** access ****** *** *********** with ******* ***** *** typical ********** **** ** LED *********** *** *******.

[****: **** ****** *** originally ********* ** ****, but *** **** ************* updated *** ******** ** 2018.]

Comments (14)

***** *******. 

******* *******, **. ******!

**** *******.

 

* **** *** ***** are **** ******* **** I *******. **** ******* some ******* ******** ******* **** a **** ** *** up *** *** **** together, *** ****** **** all **** ****** ** place.

 

**** ****** ** *********, we **** *** ****** loops, ***** *** ****** will *** **** ****** a *** ** *******. It ******** *********** **** opening *** ****. *****'* other ******** *** ***** as ****.

 

* **** *** *** see *** ******* ** the ****** ******. ***** are * *** ** rules ** ****** ** pinch ******, ***** ***** and **********.

 

** **** * **** company ** *** ** our **** ****. **** people **** *** **** repair, *** ****** ** prepared ** ************ * REX ** **** *********. It ** * **** skill ***.

 

 

******* **** ******* *****(******** we **** **) **** are *** **** ********* to ******** **********?

'********' *****, ** ******* multiple ***** ******** ** each ***** ** *** way. *** *******, * loop ******** ***** *** car ******* *** **** is ****** ** ******** the ********, *** ******* loop ****** **** ******* (in *** ********** ********) is ********** ** ********** the ******** ** ******* vehicle ** *******.

* **** ******** ***** vehicle ******* (**** *** trucks **** ********) *** not ** **** ** accommodate ****, *** ** often ***** *** ******* lots ** ***** ***-******* vehicle *****.

****** **** **** ***!

*** ********** **** ** excellent ******* *** *** teaching ****** ** **** eggs, *********** ** *** UK ****** ** ***** of *** *** ** *** **** of ******** *** ******* gates & ******** - version * ****, **** *****'* ******* on *** ****** ******* of ********* ***** *** barriers ***** * ****** of ************ ** ****** years.

*** **** ******** *** been ******* ** *** so *** ** ******** as * ********** **** of ********, **** * new *** ******** ** "Gates ****".

*** ****** ********* ********* *** fines *******: *.* **** ************ ********** *** £*** **** *** ***** death.

 

****'* ******* ********.  ******!

***** - ********* ******* that ******* ** *** of *** ***** (*** lows) ** ********** ****** on ********* *****. * believe * ****** ** the ***** ******* ** concerns ********* *** ****** aspect ** ******* ***** and *'* **** ** see **** ****** ****** of **** ***** ** include * ******** ** the ** *** ********** standard. ** ******* **** standard ** **** *** basically ****** **** ************* into **** ********* *******, which ****** ** **** ** operator **** *** *** ******** of ******** **** *******. Conforming ** **** ******** is ******** ** **** AHJs ** *********** *************, but ** ******** ** commercial *************. *******, ** should *** ** "********" given *** ********* ****** of *** *******. *** attorney **** **** * brain ***** *** **** national ******** ** ***** negligence ** *** **** of *** ********** ******* should ******** ****** ** personal ****** ****** **** a "***" *******. ** you *** ***** ** install ********* *****, *********** yourself **** *** ****** requirements *** ****** **** into **** *************...** ****.

*** ************* *********** ** ***** ** a ******* *****, ****** for ******** ** **.

* ***** **** **** statement **** ** ** well ******* **** ********** installers ***** ******* ** it *** ** ********** risk.  ********, ******* ******* because *** *** ******** in *** ***** **** or ******* **** ******* pinched *** ** ******* should *** ** * risk *** ** **** emplacement ****** **********.

** *****,

**'** ******* **** ********** gates ** ******* ****** and ****.  ********* ** you **** ******* ***** that.

*** ***** ******** * good ********.  *** ****** post ** ********** ** out ** ****, *** so *'** ****** ** up *** * *********** rework.

** ***** ** '******' calc, ****'* * **** formula **** **** ********** *****:

*** **** **** ***** to ******* * ***** for *** ****** ** turnstiles ** *** ***** employee ******** ** * manufacturing *****. **** ****** turnstiles **** ** ********* at *** **** ***** line ********** *** ******* lot **** *** ***** building. ***** *** *,*** employees ******** ** ******* work ****** **** ******, and ** ******* **** been *** ***** *** this ******** ** *******. *** many ********** ****** ** quoted *** **** ***?

******: *** ********* *********** ********** that ** ********** *** required ** ****** **** people ** ** *******. * typical ****-****** ********* ** designed ** *********** *** - *** *** ****. This ** ** ******* pass ******* **** ** 9 ****** *** *********, per ******. ** **** ****** must **** ******* ********** during * ***** ******, consider *** **** ** handle **** ****** ** limited ** ** *******.

(Total ****** ** ******) / ((**** ******* ********* *** ***) * (****** ** **** *********)) = (****** ** **********)

(**** ******) / ((* people *** ******) * (15 *******)) = (**.* turnstiles)

***** ********** *** ********* in '******' *** '******' sized *****, ********* ****** one ** *** **********, the ********** * ***** for ** ********* (** 8 *******) ** *******. Consider ********** *** ****** of ********** *** *** occasion **** * **** is *** ** *******. 

********** *** *** **** for *** *********.  ********, I ** **** *** people ******** *******.

 

**** ** **** ** are ******* **:

 

 
 

** ***** **** ** work **** ******** ****** control ** **** (*******).

* *** **** ** interesting ********* ********* * parking ****** *** ***** day. **** *** * new ************ **** ****, and **** ****** * loop ** *** **** reader **** ***** **** allow *** **** ** open ** ***** *** a ******* (******** ********* that **** **** ******** with *********** *** *****). I **** ***** **** a **** ********* ** that ******** ****** *** wondered *** ****** **** was *** ****. 

Login to read this IPVM report.
Why do I need to log in?
IPVM conducts unique testing and research funded by member's payments enabling us to offer the most independent, accurate and in-depth information.

Related Reports

IP Camera Installability Shootout 2019 - Avigilon, Axis, Bosch, Dahua, Hanwha, Hikvision, Uniview, Vivotek on Dec 09, 2019
What are the best and worst cameras to install? Which manufacturers make it the hardest or easiest to install their cameras? We tested 35 total...
Access Startup Multi-Mount Aims To Streamline Reader Installs on Dec 03, 2019
Startup Multi-Mount claims it makes installing access readers 'Fast', 'Secure,' and fit 'any size frame.' The company states its bracket 'fits most...
Directory of Access Reader Manufacturers on Nov 27, 2019
Credential Readers are one of the most visible and noticeable parts of access systems, but installers often stick with only the brand they always...
Top 2020 Trend - AI Analytics on Nov 22, 2019
170+ Integrators answered: What do you think will be the top industry trend in 2020? Why? For the 4th year in a row, AI/video analytics was...
Glass Doors and Access Control Tutorial on Nov 21, 2019
One of the biggest access challenges are locking and securing glass doors. Unlike wood or steel doors that can be modified to work with...
ISC East 2019 Show Report on Nov 21, 2019
IPVM has finished in New York City covering both days of the ISC East 2019 show. Here is a 6+ minute general walkthrough: Inside this report,...
Avigilon H4 Intercom Tested on Nov 20, 2019
Avigilon is well-known for video surveillance and access, but how well does the company's intercom work? We purchased and tested Avigilon's H4...
Top Manufacturers Gaining and Losing 2019 on Nov 18, 2019
2019 has been an explosive year for video surveillance, with the world's two largest manufacturers, Dahua and Hikvision, being sanctioned for human...
Camera Field of View (FoV) Guide on Nov 13, 2019
Field of View (FoV) and Angle of View (AoV), are deceptively complex. At their most basic, they simply describe what the camera can "see" and seem...
Wireless / WiFi Access Lock Guide on Nov 12, 2019
For some access openings, running wires can add thousands in cost, and wireless alternatives that avoid it becomes appealing. But using wireless...

Most Recent Industry Reports

IP Camera Installability Shootout 2019 - Avigilon, Axis, Bosch, Dahua, Hanwha, Hikvision, Uniview, Vivotek on Dec 09, 2019
What are the best and worst cameras to install? Which manufacturers make it the hardest or easiest to install their cameras? We tested 35 total...
Viisights Raises $10 Million, Behavior Analytics Company Profile on Dec 09, 2019
Viisights, an Israeli AI analytics startup marketing "Behavioral Understanding Systems", announced $10 million Series A funding. We spoke to...
Disruptor Wyze Releases Undisruptive Smartlock on Dec 06, 2019
While Wyze has disrupted the consumer IP camera market with ~$20 cameras, its entrance into smart locks is entirely undisruptive. We have...
Bosch Budget 3000i Cameras Tested on Dec 05, 2019
Bosch has long had a hole in its lineup for, as it describes, "competitively-priced cameras". Now, Bosch has released its 3000i series cameras...
Anixter Resisting Takeover From Competitor on Dec 05, 2019
Mega distributor Anixter is going to be acquired but by whom? Initially, Anixter planned to go private, being bought by a private equity firm....
Security Sales Course 2020 - Last Chance Save $50 on Dec 05, 2019
This sales course is customized for the current needs and challenges specific to professionals selling video surveillance and access control...
Ireland National Children's Hospital Chooses Hikvision End-to-End With Facial Recognition on Dec 05, 2019
The world's most expensive hospital project ever, the New Children's Hospital in Ireland, has chosen an all-Hikvision surveillance system including...
AVTech ~$70 IP Cameras Tested Vs Dahua and Hikvision on Dec 04, 2019
Taiwanese manufacturer Avtech is taking direct aim at low cost leaders Dahua and Hikvision with ~$70 starlight and white light illuminator...
Ultinous European Analytics Startup Company Profile on Dec 04, 2019
European analytics-startup Ultinous pitches customers to "Have your own video analysis service!" We spoke to Ultinous to better understand their...
Access Startup Multi-Mount Aims To Streamline Reader Installs on Dec 03, 2019
Startup Multi-Mount claims it makes installing access readers 'Fast', 'Secure,' and fit 'any size frame.' The company states its bracket 'fits most...