Vehicle Gate Access Control Guide

By: Brian Rhodes, Published on Mar 07, 2018

Vehicle gate access control demands integrating myriad systems to keep unauthorized cars out.

Everything from high voltage electrical, to concrete modification, trenching, welding, low voltage systems (<50 volts), and manual labor is required to accomplish a fundamental task of access: keeping the bad guys on the outside of the fence.

In this note, we examine the various facets of gate access, from design to install, and even the special equipment needed to get the job done.

  • Defining what 'Ground Loops' Are
  • Answering Why Vehicle Gates Require Them
  • Special Card Reader Pedestals
  • When Long Range Readers Are Needed
  • Integrating High Powered Operators
  • Why Intercoms and Lights Are Important

Gate Access Design

The most common method of restricting vehicle and pedestrian access at property lines is through fences and gates. While security integrators are not typically tasked with designing or installing perimeter fences, many find themselves working to integrate access control with them.

The image below is a typical example of how a gate is integrated with various systems to work with electronic access:

The major parts of the system are typically only used with vehicle access applications:

  • Inductive Ground Loops
  • Long Range Readers
  • Reader Stand/Bollard Design
  • Gate Operators
  • Integrating EAC to Operators

******* **** ****** ******* demands *********** ****** ******* to **** ************ **** out.

********** **** **** ******* electrical, ** ******** ************, trenching, *******, *** ******* systems (manual ***** ** ******** to ********** * *********** task ** ******: ******* the *** **** ** the ******* ** *** fence.

** **** ****, ** examine *** ******* ****** of **** ******, **** design ** *******, *** even *** ******* ********* needed ** *** *** job ****.

  • ******** **** '****** *****' Are
  • ********* *** ******* ***** Require ****
  • ******* **** ****** *********
  • **** **** ***** ******* Are ******
  • *********** **** ******* *********
  • *** ********* *** ****** Are *********

Gate ****** ******

*** **** ****** ****** of *********** ******* *** pedestrian ****** ** ******** lines ** ******* ****** and *****. ***** ******** integrators *** *** ********* tasked **** ********* ** installing ********* ******, **** find ********** ******* ** integrate ****** ******* **** them.

*** ***** ***** ** a ******* ******* ** how * **** ** integrated **** ******* ******* to **** **** ********** access:

*** ***** ***** ** the ****** *** ********* only **** **** ******* access ************:

  • ********* ****** *****
  • **** ***** *******
  • ****** *****/******* ******
  • **** *********
  • *********** *** ** *********

[***************]

******* ***** **** ********* are ***** ***** ****** to ******** ******** ** the ******* **** ***. See ******** ********* *** ************ Guide.

Inductive ****** *****

********* ******* ****** '****** loops' *** **** ** sense ******** ** *** gate ********. *** *** of ****** ***** ** widespread, ** **** ******* signals ** ************ ****** use **** ** ****** vehicles.

****** ***** **** ** inductive ***** ** * constant *****. **** * large ***** ****** (**** a *******) ****** *** field, *** ******** ********** of *** ***** *******, signalling *** ******** ** a ******* *** ********** devices **** ***** ** open ** *****.

********* ** ** *************** measurement, ** * ***-******* mass **** * ***** or ****** **** *** influence *** *****. ********* most ****** ***** *** tuned ** **** **** small ******** ******, **** bicycles, *****, ** ******* will *** '**** *** sensor', *** **** **** will ******* ** ******* traffic.

*** **** ****** ********, a ****** ** ****** loops *** ****:

  • **** ****: **** **** is ********* * ******** away **** *** ****, primarily ** **** *** gate ** ***** **** before *** ****** ******* reaches *** ****.
  • ****** ****** ****: *********** this **** ** **** to ****** *** ******** of * ******* ** the **** ** * swinging ****. ***** *** necessity ** **** **** depends ** *** **** of **** ***** ****, most ********* * *****-*** distance *** ********* ** the ****** *******.
  • ******* ****** ****: ** many *****, **** **** is **** ** * form ** '****-**********', ***** multiple ******** *** '*****' behind * ****** **** and **** ******* ***** on * ****** ********** read. *****, *** *********** to *** **** **** changes ***** ** **** operation, *** **** ****** it ** ****** **** the ******* **** ********** passes *******.

********** ****** ***** *** simple, *** ****** ********** for **** **********. ********* loops *** ********* ******* of *****. *** **** and ******** ** *** loop **** ********* ** the ************, *** ********** them ******** ******* ***** grooves (*****) **** ********, threading *** **** **** the *******, *** **** sealing *** *** **** a ***-*******, ********* ************ or ***. **** **** installing ***** **** '***' concrete, *** ******* ******* is ****, ****** **** embedding, ******* *** ***** of *** **** **** the ******** **** ** tightly **********.

*** ***** ***** ***** this *******, ****** *** installer ** '*******' *** loop ** * ***-*** depth **** *** *******:

****** ******** ******** * high ******* *** **** special ******. *** ********* of *** *** ** like ***** ******** ****, where *** ***** ** the *** ** ********** by ******. *** ****** cutting ****** *** ** 'wet', ***** ***** ** run **** *** ***** for ******* *** ** lubricate *** ***.

**** ************ ********* ****** companies, *** **** **** improvement ********* ***** ******** saws *** ****. *** amount ** *** **** for * ******* **** job ** ******, *** most *** ** **** with * ******** ****:

Reader ********

*** **** ***** '******** outside *** ***' **** off ** ****** ******** design. ******* ******* ******** pass ******* *****, ******** readers ** ***** ****** stations *** ** ****** at **** *********.

*********** ******** **** ****** differs ******* ******* *** average ***** *** ****** tractor *******, *** **** solution ** ***** ** create * '**** *****' with * *** ******* and **** *******. *** image ***** ** ** example ** * '***** driver' ***** *******, *** 'left ******' ********* **** arrangement ** ********* ********:

****** ***** ******* ***** this ********** *******: ********** bollards **** **** ********* adjacent ** *** ****** station ** ******* ****** if * ******* ******* the *****. ******** *** sturdy, ********* ******** ** ensure * *****-*** **** between ********* *** ********.

Long ***** *******

***** *** ********* ** vehicle *****, **** ***** readers *** **** ******* of **** ***********. ****** mullion ***** ******* **** measure * *** ****** tall, *** ******** ******* and ***** ************ ** a **** ***** ********* style ****** *** **** large, **** ** ~**" square ** ******.

*** *** ** ***** readers ********* ****** * vehicle ** *********** ***** a ******* ** ***** to *** ********** *****, have ** **** ** the ****, *** ***** it ** *** *******. Because '**** *****' *** still **** **** **** 15' *** **** ***********, the ******* **** **** relatively ***** ** *** gate *** **** ***** it *****:

** * '******* *****', or ******* ******* *** gate ******* ********, ** required * ******-***** ******/********** technology ** ***** ******. Typically ********* ** *** band **** ******* *** used *** **** *******, but **** *** ******* an ********** ********** **** specific ** *** ****** to ** ****** *** maintained.

*** ****, *** ******* ***** ****** ******* Readers ********.

Gate ******** *********

*** ** *** **** critical *** ********* ******* aspects ** ******* **** access *** ** ********** by ******* *** ******* in ****: *** **** should ** ********** **** like * ****. *******, rather **** *********** * strike ** *******, *** access ****** **** ******* the ****'* '********', ** movement *********.

******* * **** *** interfacing **** *** ** the ********* ******* *** outputs ** * ******* task. *** **** ****** may **** ** ** specially ***** ** ********* to **** ****** *** reliably. ***** **** **** controllers **** *** ******, outputs, *** ************** ****** to ******* *** **** opening, ** ** **** to *** *** ******** for **** *******, *** only ********* *** *** controller ** ******* *** gate ** **** ** close ***** ** ********** reads.

**** ********* **** ****** according ** *** ***** style ** **** **** are ******* ****. *** physical ****, ******, *****, and ******* ****** ** the **** *** *** factors ** ********* *** right ********. *** **** of **** ** ********* matched ** *** *********** and ***** ******* ** this ****. (*** * comprehensive **** ** *** different ****** ** ******** gates *********, *** *** '******** ***** ********'.)


*******, ********** ** *** type ** ******** ****, the ****** ** *********** the ****** ******* ****** and *** **** ** the ****: ***** ********. The ***** ***** ** a ******* ******* ** an ******** ******* *****, with *** *** ****** called ***:

******** **** *********** ** reader ********** *** ***** directly ** *** ****** of *** *********** **** operator, *** *** *** nuances ** ****, *******, and ****** ****** **** place ** *** ******** itself.

Intercoms *** ****** *** *********

******* ******* ***** *** typically **** ********* **** buildings, ******* **** ** users *** **** **** their ***********, ** ******** visitors *** ** * real *********.

*** **** ******, **** practices *** ********* ** reader ****** ** *** possibility ** **** ********** is **** *** *********** the ********* ** ******** gates **** ******* ** the ************ *****.

*** ********* ** *********, or **** ***** ******** stations ** *** **** keeps ************ ****** *******, yet ****** **** ** solicit **** ** ******:

******* '*****' ********* ** hanging ****** ****** ** the **** ** **** on *** ******* ***:

***** *** ********* ** the **** *** ******** of *** ******* *** be ********* ** ********** or ********** *******, ********** a ****** ******* *** simple ***** ***** ** signal ** *******. ***** basic ****** *** ****** feedback (**: *** ***** 'stop', ***** ***** '**', yellow ***** '*****'), ** access ****** *** *********** with ******* ***** *** typical ********** **** ** LED *********** *** *******.

[****: **** ****** *** originally ********* ** ****, but *** **** ************* updated *** ******** ** 2018.]

Comments (14)

***** *******.

******* *******, **. ******!

**** *******.

* **** *** ***** *** **** ******* **** * *******. They ******* **** ******* ******** ******* **** * **** ** cut ** *** *** **** ********, *** ****** **** *** your ****** ** *****.

**** ****** ** *********, ** **** *** ****** *****, ***** the ****** **** *** **** ****** * *** ** *******. It ******** *********** **** ******* *** ****. *****'* ***** ******** for ***** ** ****.

* **** *** *** *** *** ******* ** *** ****** issues. ***** *** * *** ** ***** ** ****** ** pinch ******, ***** ***** *** **********.

** **** * **** ******* ** *** ** *** **** work. **** ****** **** *** **** ******, *** ****** ** prepared ** ************ * *** ** **** *********. ** ** a **** ***** ***.

******* **** ******* *****(******** ** **** **) **** *** *** best ********* ** ******** **********?

'********' *****, ** ******* ******** ***** ******** ** **** ***** is *** ***. *** *******, * **** ******** ***** *** car ******* *** **** ** ****** ** ******** *** ********, but ******* **** ****** **** ******* (** *** ********** ********) is ********** ** ********** *** ******** ** ******* ******* ** present.

* **** ******** ***** ******* ******* (**** *** ****** **** trailers) *** *** ** **** ** *********** ****, *** ** often ***** *** ******* **** ** ***** ***-******* ******* *****.

****** **** **** ***!

*** ********** **** ** ********* ******* *** *** ******** ****** to **** ****, *********** ** *** ** ****** ** ***** of ****** ** *** **** ** ******** *** ******* ***** & barriers - ******* * ****, **** *****'* ******* ** *** ****** ******* ** ********* gates *** ******** ***** * ****** ** ************ ** ****** years.

*** **** ******** *** **** ******* ** *** ** *** be ******** ** * ********** **** ** ********, **** * new *** ******** ** "***** ****".

*** ****** ********* ********* *** ***** *******:*.* **** ************ *************£*** **** *** ***** *****.

****'* ******* ********. ******!

***** - ********* ******* **** ******* ** *** ** *** highs (*** ****) ** ********** ****** ** ********* *****. * believe * ****** ** *** ***** ******* ** ******** ********* the ****** ****** ** ******* ***** *** *'* **** ** see **** ****** ****** ** **** ***** ** ******* * synopsis ** *** ** *** ********** ********. ** ******* **** standard ** **** *** ********* ****** **** ************* **** **** different *******, ***** ****** ** **** ** ******** **** *** the ******** ** ******** **** *******. ********** ** **** ******** is ******** ** **** **** ** *********** *************, *** ** optional ** ********** *************. *******, ** ****** *** ** "********" given *** ********* ****** ** *** *******. *** ******** **** half * ***** ***** *** **** ******** ******** ** ***** negligence ** *** **** ** *** ********** ******* ****** ******** damage ** ******** ****** ****** **** * "***" *******. ** you *** ***** ** ******* ********* *****, *********** ******** **** the ****** ************ *** ****** **** **** **** *************...** ****.

*** ************* *********** ** ***** ** * ******* *****, ****** *** ******** it **.

* ***** **** **** ********* **** ** ** **** ******* that ********** ********** ***** ******* ** ** *** ** ********** risk. ********, ******* ******* ******* *** *** ******** ** *** wrong **** ** ******* **** ******* ******* *** ** ******* should *** ** * **** *** ** **** *********** ****** regardless.

** *****,

**'** ******* **** ********** ***** ** ******* ****** *** ****. Wondering ** *** **** ******* ***** ****.

*** ***** ******** * **** ********. *** ****** **** ** turnstiles ** *** ** ****, *** ** *'** ****** ** up *** * *********** ******.

** ***** ** '******' ****, ****'* * **** ******* **** that********** *****:

*** **** **** ***** ** ******* * ***** *** *** number ** ********** ** *** ***** ******** ******** ** * manufacturing *****. **** ****** ********** **** ** ********* ** *** main ***** **** ********** *** ******* *** **** *** ***** building. ***** *** *,*** ********* ******** ** ******* **** ****** this ******, *** ** ******* **** **** *** ***** *** this ******** ** *******. *** **** ********** ****** ** ****** for **** ***?

******: *** ********* *********** ********** **** ** ********** *** ******** to ****** **** ****** ** ** *******. * ******* ****-****** turnstile ** ******** ** *********** *** - *** *** ****. This ** ** ******* **** ******* **** ** * ****** per *********, *** ******. ** **** ****** **** **** ******* turnstiles ****** * ***** ******, ******** *** **** ** ****** that ****** ** ******* ** ** *******.

(Total ****** ** ******) / ((**** ******* ********* *** ***) * (****** ** **** *********)) = (****** ** **********)

(**** ******) / ((* ****** *** ******) * (** *******)) = (**.* **********)

***** ********** *** ********* ** '******' *** '******' ***** *****, including ****** *** ** *** **********, *** ********** * ***** for ** ********* (** * *******) ** *******. ******** ********** the ****** ** ********** *** *** ******** **** * **** is *** ** *******.

********** *** *** **** *** *** *********. ********, * ** like *** ****** ******** *******.

**** ** **** ** *** ******* **:

** ***** **** ** **** **** ******** ****** ******* ** have (*******).

* *** **** ** *********** ********* ********* * ******* ****** the ***** ***. **** *** * *** ************ **** ****, and **** ****** * **** ** *** **** ****** **** would **** ***** *** **** ** **** ** ***** *** a ******* (******** ********* **** **** **** ******** **** *********** and *****). * **** ***** **** * **** ********* ** that ******** ****** *** ******** *** ****** **** *** *** days.

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