Vehicle Gate Access Control Guide

Author: Brian Rhodes, Published on Mar 07, 2018

Vehicle gate access control demands integrating myriad systems to keep unauthorized cars out.

Everything from high voltage electrical, to concrete modification, trenching, welding, low voltage systems (<50 volts), and manual labor is required to accomplish a fundamental task of access: keeping the bad guys on the outside of the fence.

In this note, we examine the various facets of gate access, from design to install, and even the special equipment needed to get the job done.

  • Defining what 'Ground Loops' Are
  • Answering Why Vehicle Gates Require Them
  • Special Card Reader Pedestals
  • When Long Range Readers Are Needed
  • Integrating High Powered Operators
  • Why Intercoms and Lights Are Important

Gate Access Design

The most common method of restricting vehicle and pedestrian access at property lines is through fences and gates. While security integrators are not typically tasked with designing or installing perimeter fences, many find themselves working to integrate access control with them.

The image below is a typical example of how a gate is integrated with various systems to work with electronic access:

The major parts of the system are typically only used with vehicle access applications:

  • Inductive Ground Loops
  • Long Range Readers
  • Reader Stand/Bollard Design
  • Gate Operators
  • Integrating EAC to Operators

******* **** ****** ******* ******* *********** ****** ******* ** **** unauthorized **** ***.

********** **** **** ******* **********, ** ******** ************, *********, *******, low ******* ******* (to ********** * *********** **** ** ******: ******* *** *** guys ** *** ******* ** *** *****.

** **** ****, ** ******* *** ******* ****** ** **** access, **** ****** ** *******, *** **** *** ******* ********* needed ** *** *** *** ****.

  • ******** **** '****** *****' ***
  • ********* *** ******* ***** ******* ****
  • ******* **** ****** *********
  • **** **** ***** ******* *** ******
  • *********** **** ******* *********
  • *** ********* *** ****** *** *********

Gate ****** ******

*** **** ****** ****** ** *********** ******* *** ********** ****** at ******** ***** ** ******* ****** *** *****. ***** ******** integrators *** *** ********* ****** **** ********* ** ********** ********* fences, **** **** ********** ******* ** ********* ****** ******* **** them.

*** ***** ***** ** * ******* ******* ** *** * gate ** ********** **** ******* ******* ** **** **** ********** access:

*** ***** ***** ** *** ****** *** ********* **** **** with ******* ****** ************:

  • ********* ****** *****
  • **** ***** *******
  • ****** *****/******* ******
  • **** *********
  • *********** *** ** *********

[***************]

******* ***** **** ********* *** ***** ***** ****** ** ******** properly ** *** ******* **** ***. *** ******** ********* *** ************ *****.

Inductive ****** *****

********* ******* ****** '****** *****' *** **** ** ***** ******** by *** **** ********. *** *** ** ****** ***** ** widespread, ** **** ******* ******* ** ************ ****** *** **** to ****** ********.

****** ***** **** ** ********* ***** ** * ******** *****. When * ***** ***** ****** (**** * *******) ****** *** field, *** ******** ********** ** *** ***** *******, ********** *** presence ** * ******* *** ********** ******* **** ***** ** open ** *****.

********* ** ** *************** ***********, ** * ***-******* **** **** a ***** ** ****** **** *** ********* *** *****. ********* most ****** ***** *** ***** ** **** **** ***** ******** masses, **** ********, *****, ** ******* **** *** '**** *** sensor', *** **** **** **** ******* ** ******* *******.

*** **** ****** ********, * ****** ** ****** ***** *** used:

  • **** ****: **** **** ** ********* * ******** **** **** the ****, ********* ** **** *** **** ** ***** **** before *** ****** ******* ******* *** ****.
  • ****** ****** ****: *********** **** **** ** **** ** ****** the ******** ** * ******* ** *** **** ** * swinging ****. ***** *** ********* ** **** **** ******* ** the **** ** **** ***** ****, **** ********* * *****-*** distance *** ********* ** *** ****** *******.
  • ******* ****** ****: ** **** *****, **** **** ** **** as * **** ** '****-**********', ***** ******** ******** *** '*****' behind * ****** **** *** **** ******* ***** ** * single ********** ****. *****, *** *********** ** *** **** **** changes ***** ** **** *********, *** **** ****** ** ** ensure **** *** ******* **** ********** ****** *******.

********** ****** ***** *** ******, *** ****** ********** *** **** installers. ********* ***** *** ********* ******* ** *****. *** **** and ******** ** *** **** **** ********* ** *** ************, but ********** **** ******** ******* ***** ******* (*****) **** ********, threading *** **** **** *** *******, *** **** ******* *** top **** * ***-*******, ********* ************ ** ***. **** **** installing ***** **** '***' ********, *** ******* ******* ** ****, rather **** *********, ******* *** ***** ** *** **** **** the ******** **** ** ******* **********.

*** ***** ***** ***** **** *******, ****** *** ********* ** 'seating' *** **** ** * ***-*** ***** **** *** *******:

****** ******** ******** * **** ******* *** **** ******* ******. The ********* ** *** *** ** **** ***** ******** ****, where *** ***** ** *** *** ** ********** ** ******. The ****** ******* ****** *** ** '***', ***** ***** ** run **** *** ***** *** ******* *** ** ********* *** cut.

**** ************ ********* ****** *********, *** **** **** *********** ********* offer ******** **** *** ****. *** ****** ** *** **** for * ******* **** *** ** ******, *** **** *** be **** **** * ******** ****:

Reader ********

*** **** ***** '******** ******* *** ***' **** *** ** reader ******** ******. ******* ******* ******** **** ******* *****, ******** readers ** ***** ****** ******** *** ** ****** ** **** entrances.

*********** ******** **** ****** ******* ******* ******* *** ******* ***** and ****** ******* *******, *** **** ******** ** ***** ** create * '**** *****' **** * *** ******* *** **** station. *** ***** ***** ** ** ******* ** * '***** driver' ***** *******, *** '**** ******' ********* **** *********** ** typically ********:

****** ***** ******* ***** **** ********** *******: ********** ******** **** been ********* ******** ** *** ****** ******* ** ******* ****** if * ******* ******* *** *****. ******** *** ******, ********* barriers ** ****** * *****-*** **** ******* ********* *** ********.

Long ***** *******

***** *** ********* ** ******* *****, **** ***** ******* *** most ******* ** **** ***********. ****** ******* ***** ******* **** measure * *** ****** ****, *** ******** ******* *** ***** requirements ** * **** ***** ********* ***** ****** *** **** large, **** ** ~**" ****** ** ******.

*** *** ** ***** ******* ********* ****** * ******* ** permanently ***** * ******* ** ***** ** *** ********** *****, have ** **** ** *** ****, *** ***** ** ** the *******. ******* '**** *****' *** ***** **** **** **** 15' *** **** ***********, *** ******* **** **** ********** ***** to *** **** *** **** ***** ** *****:

** * '******* *****', ** ******* ******* *** **** ******* stopping, ** ******** * ******-***** ******/********** ********** ** ***** ******. Typically ********* ** *** **** **** ******* *** **** *** this *******, *** **** *** ******* ** ********** ********** **** specific ** *** ****** ** ** ****** *** **********.

*** ****, *** ******* ***** ****** ******* ******* ********.

Gate ******** *********

*** ** *** **** ******** *** ********* ******* ******* ** vehicle **** ****** *** ** ********** ** ******* *** ******* in ****: *** **** ****** ** ********** **** **** * door. *******, ****** **** *********** * ****** ** *******, *** access ****** **** ******* *** ****'* '********', ** ******** *********.

******* * **** *** *********** **** *** ** *** ********* sensors *** ******* ** * ******* ****. *** **** ****** may **** ** ** ********* ***** ** ********* ** **** safely *** ********. ***** **** **** *********** **** *** ******, outputs, *** ************** ****** ** ******* *** **** *******, ** is **** ** *** *** ******** *** **** *******, *** only ********* *** *** ********** ** ******* *** **** ** open ** ***** ***** ** ********** *****.

**** ********* **** ****** ********* ** *** ***** ***** ** gate **** *** ******* ****. *** ******** ****, ******, *****, and ******* ****** ** *** **** *** *** ******* ** selecting *** ***** ********. *** **** ** **** ** ********* matched ** *** *********** *** ***** ******* ** **** ****. (For * ************* **** ** *** ********* ****** ** ******** gates *********, *** *** '******** ***** ********'.)


*******, ********** ** *** **** ** ******** ****, *** ****** of *********** *** ****** ******* ****** *** *** **** ** the ****: ***** ********. *** ***** ***** ** * ******* example ** ** ******** ******* *****, **** *** *** ****** called ***:

******** **** *********** ** ****** ********** *** ***** ******** ** the ****** ** *** *********** **** ********, *** *** *** nuances ** ****, *******, *** ****** ****** **** ***** ** the ******** ******.

Intercoms *** ****** *** *********

******* ******* ***** *** ********* **** ********* **** *********, ******* help ** ***** *** **** **** ***** ***********, ** ******** visitors *** ** * **** *********.

*** **** ******, **** ********* *** ********* ** ****** ****** so *** *********** ** **** ********** ** **** *** *********** the ********* ** ******** ***** **** ******* ** *** ************ *****.

*** ********* ** *********, ** **** ***** ******** ******** ** the **** ***** ************ ****** *******, *** ****** **** ** solicit **** ** ******:

******* '*****' ********* ** ******* ****** ****** ** *** **** or **** ** *** ******* ***:

***** *** ********* ** *** **** *** ******** ** *** barrier *** ** ********* ** ********** ** ********** *******, ********** a ****** ******* *** ****** ***** ***** ** ****** ** prudent. ***** ***** ****** *** ****** ******** (**: *** ***** 'stop', ***** ***** '**', ****** ***** '*****'), ** ****** ****** can *********** **** ******* ***** *** ******* ********** **** ** LED *********** *** *******.

[****: **** ****** *** ********** ********* ** ****, *** *** been ************* ******* *** ******** ** ****.]

Comments (14)

***** *******.

******* *******, **. ******!

**** *******.

* **** *** ***** *** **** ******* **** * *******. They ******* **** ******* ******** ******* **** * **** ** cut ** *** *** **** ********, *** ****** **** *** your ****** ** *****.

**** ****** ** *********, ** **** *** ****** *****, ***** the ****** **** *** **** ****** * *** ** *******. It ******** *********** **** ******* *** ****. *****'* ***** ******** for ***** ** ****.

* **** *** *** *** *** ******* ** *** ****** issues. ***** *** * *** ** ***** ** ****** ** pinch ******, ***** ***** *** **********.

** **** * **** ******* ** *** ** *** **** work. **** ****** **** *** **** ******, *** ****** ** prepared ** ************ * *** ** **** *********. ** ** a **** ***** ***.

******* **** ******* *****(******** ** **** **) **** *** *** best ********* ** ******** **********?

'********' *****, ** ******* ******** ***** ******** ** **** ***** is *** ***. *** *******, * **** ******** ***** *** car ******* *** **** ** ****** ** ******** *** ********, but ******* **** ****** **** ******* (** *** ********** ********) is ********** ** ********** *** ******** ** ******* ******* ** present.

* **** ******** ***** ******* ******* (**** *** ****** **** trailers) *** *** ** **** ** *********** ****, *** ** often ***** *** ******* **** ** ***** ***-******* ******* *****.

****** **** **** ***!

*** ********** **** ** ********* ******* *** *** ******** ****** to **** ****, *********** ** *** ** ****** ** ***** of ****** ** *** **** ** ******** *** ******* ***** & barriers - ******* * ****, **** *****'* ******* ** *** ****** ******* ** ********* gates *** ******** ***** * ****** ** ************ ** ****** years.

*** **** ******** *** **** ******* ** *** ** *** be ******** ** * ********** **** ** ********, **** * new *** ******** ** "***** ****".

*** ****** ********* ********* *** ***** *******:*.* **** ************ *************£*** **** *** ***** *****.

****'* ******* ********. ******!

***** - ********* ******* **** ******* ** *** ** *** highs (*** ****) ** ********** ****** ** ********* *****. * believe * ****** ** *** ***** ******* ** ******** ********* the ****** ****** ** ******* ***** *** *'* **** ** see **** ****** ****** ** **** ***** ** ******* * synopsis ** *** ** *** ********** ********. ** ******* **** standard ** **** *** ********* ****** **** ************* **** **** different *******, ***** ****** ** **** ** ******** **** *** the ******** ** ******** **** *******. ********** ** **** ******** is ******** ** **** **** ** *********** *************, *** ** optional ** ********** *************. *******, ** ****** *** ** "********" given *** ********* ****** ** *** *******. *** ******** **** half * ***** ***** *** **** ******** ******** ** ***** negligence ** *** **** ** *** ********** ******* ****** ******** damage ** ******** ****** ****** **** * "***" *******. ** you *** ***** ** ******* ********* *****, *********** ******** **** the ****** ************ *** ****** **** **** **** *************...** ****.

*** ************* *********** ** ***** ** * ******* *****, ****** *** ******** it **.

* ***** **** **** ********* **** ** ** **** ******* that ********** ********** ***** ******* ** ** *** ** ********** risk. ********, ******* ******* ******* *** *** ******** ** *** wrong **** ** ******* **** ******* ******* *** ** ******* should *** ** * **** *** ** **** *********** ****** regardless.

** *****,

**'** ******* **** ********** ***** ** ******* ****** *** ****. Wondering ** *** **** ******* ***** ****.

*** ***** ******** * **** ********. *** ****** **** ** turnstiles ** *** ** ****, *** ** *'** ****** ** up *** * *********** ******.

** ***** ** '******' ****, ****'* * **** ******* **** that********** *****:

*** **** **** ***** ** ******* * ***** *** *** number ** ********** ** *** ***** ******** ******** ** * manufacturing *****. **** ****** ********** **** ** ********* ** *** main ***** **** ********** *** ******* *** **** *** ***** building. ***** *** *,*** ********* ******** ** ******* **** ****** this ******, *** ** ******* **** **** *** ***** *** this ******** ** *******. *** **** ********** ****** ** ****** for **** ***?

******: *** ********* *********** ********** **** ** ********** *** ******** to ****** **** ****** ** ** *******. * ******* ****-****** turnstile ** ******** ** *********** *** - *** *** ****. This ** ** ******* **** ******* **** ** * ****** per *********, *** ******. ** **** ****** **** **** ******* turnstiles ****** * ***** ******, ******** *** **** ** ****** that ****** ** ******* ** ** *******.

(Total ****** ** ******) / ((**** ******* ********* *** ***) * (****** ** **** *********)) = (****** ** **********)

(**** ******) / ((* ****** *** ******) * (** *******)) = (**.* **********)

***** ********** *** ********* ** '******' *** '******' ***** *****, including ****** *** ** *** **********, *** ********** * ***** for ** ********* (** * *******) ** *******. ******** ********** the ****** ** ********** *** *** ******** **** * **** is *** ** *******.

********** *** *** **** *** *** *********. ********, * ** like *** ****** ******** *******.

**** ** **** ** *** ******* **:

** ***** **** ** **** **** ******** ****** ******* ** have (*******).

* *** **** ** *********** ********* ********* * ******* ****** the ***** ***. **** *** * *** ************ **** ****, and **** ****** * **** ** *** **** ****** **** would **** ***** *** **** ** **** ** ***** *** a ******* (******** ********* **** **** **** ******** **** *********** and *****). * **** ***** **** * **** ********* ** that ******** ****** *** ******** *** ****** **** *** *** days.

Login to read this IPVM report.
Why do I need to log in?
IPVM conducts unique testing and research funded by member's payments enabling us to offer the most independent, accurate and in-depth information.

Related Reports

July 2018 IP Networking Course on Jun 19, 2018
The last chance to save $50 on registration is this Thursday, June 21st. Register now and save. This is the only networking course designed...
Axis Releases First New Access Controller In 5 Years (A1601) on Jun 15, 2018
It has been 5 years since Axis 2013 entry in the physical access control market, with the A1001 (IPVM test). Now, Axis has released its second...
Four Major Outdoor Camera Install Problems on Jun 14, 2018
Over 140 integrators told us the top four camera installation mistakes that lead to unexpected problems and failures. Their comments often...
China Public Video Surveillance Guide: From Skynet to Sharp Eyes on Jun 14, 2018
China is expanding its video surveillance network to achieve “100%” nationwide coverage by 2020, including facial recognition capabilities and a...
Access Control - Time & Attendance, Mustering and Mantraps Guide on Jun 13, 2018
Electronic access offers features that traditional mechanical locks cannot. While these features may not be as fundamental as keeping doors secure,...
ReconaSense - The AI / Access Control / Analytics / IoT / Video Company Profile on Jun 12, 2018
One company's ISC West booth stood out for displaying a light-up tower of buzzwords. The company, ReconaSense, pledged to be 'making sense of it...
Introducing Effective PPF (ePPF) - Improving Video Surveillance Designs on Jun 11, 2018
Pixel density (PPF / PPM) is the best metric the industry has to define and project video quality. It allows simple communication of estimated...
Powerline Networking For Video Surveillance Advocated By Comtrend on Jun 08, 2018
Powerline networking, using existing electrical wiring, has been around for many years. Indeed, over the years, some video surveillance providers...
The Benefits of An Access Control Test Door on Jun 08, 2018
Security system dealers can benefit from having their own access control test door both for demonstrations and training. Inside, we explain the...
H.265 / HEVC Codec Tutorial on Jun 07, 2018
H.265 support has improved significantly in 2018, with H.265 camera/VMS compatibility increased compared to only a year ago, and more manufacturers...

Most Recent Industry Reports

IFSEC Show Report - Live From London on Jun 19, 2018
IPVM is live from London reporting on the IFSEC show. The Chinese have taken over the UK, centered on Hikvision, flanked by Dahua, Huawei and a...
Axis Guardian - Cloud VMS for Alarm Companies on Jun 19, 2018
Axis has struggled to deliver a cloud-based managed service video platform. Video service providers have utilized AVHS for over a decade, and have...
IPVM Vulnerability Scanner Released on Jun 18, 2018
IPVM is proud to announce video surveillance's first and only cybersecurity vulnerability scanner. This tool allows quickly and simply...
Hikvision Corrects False Cybersecurity Announcement on Jun 18, 2018
Hikvision has corrected a false cybersecurity announcement that claimed a British government-sponsored program endorsed the cybersecurity of...
July 2018 IP Networking Course on Jun 16, 2018
The last chance to save $50 on registration is this Thursday, June 21st. Register now and save. This is the only networking course designed...
The Dumb Ones: PSA's Bozeman On Cybersecurity on Jun 15, 2018
The smart ones are the hundred people who flew to Denver and spent $500+ on a 1.5-day conference featuring Dahua as a 'cyber responsible partner',...
Amazon Ring Launches $10 Monthly Professional Alarm Monitoring on Jun 15, 2018
Amazon's Ring has announced an alarm system with 24/7 professional alarm monitoring for $10 per month, a fraction of the $30+ per month traditional...
Axis Releases First New Access Controller In 5 Years (A1601) on Jun 15, 2018
It has been 5 years since Axis 2013 entry in the physical access control market, with the A1001 (IPVM test). Now, Axis has released its second...
Hikvision 12MP Fisheye Camera Tested (DS-2CD63C2F-IV) on Jun 14, 2018
Hikvision's DS-2CD63C2F-IV is their flagship panoramic camera, with a 12MP imager, 15m integrated IR, smart codec, and more. We tested the 63C2 in...
Four Major Outdoor Camera Install Problems on Jun 14, 2018
Over 140 integrators told us the top four camera installation mistakes that lead to unexpected problems and failures. Their comments often...

The world's leading video surveillance information source, IPVM provides the best reporting, testing and training for 10,000+ members globally. Dedicated to independent and objective information, we uniquely refuse any and all advertisements, sponsorship and consulting from manufacturers.

About | FAQ | Contact