Vehicle Gate Access Control Guide

By: Brian Rhodes, Published on Mar 07, 2018

Vehicle gate access control demands integrating myriad systems to keep unauthorized cars out.

Everything from high voltage electrical, to concrete modification, trenching, welding, low voltage systems (<50 volts), and manual labor is required to accomplish a fundamental task of access: keeping the bad guys on the outside of the fence.

In this note, we examine the various facets of gate access, from design to install, and even the special equipment needed to get the job done.

  • Defining what 'Ground Loops' Are
  • Answering Why Vehicle Gates Require Them
  • Special Card Reader Pedestals
  • When Long Range Readers Are Needed
  • Integrating High Powered Operators
  • Why Intercoms and Lights Are Important

Gate Access Design

The most common method of restricting vehicle and pedestrian access at property lines is through fences and gates. While security integrators are not typically tasked with designing or installing perimeter fences, many find themselves working to integrate access control with them.

The image below is a typical example of how a gate is integrated with various systems to work with electronic access:

The major parts of the system are typically only used with vehicle access applications:

  • Inductive Ground Loops
  • Long Range Readers
  • Reader Stand/Bollard Design
  • Gate Operators
  • Integrating EAC to Operators

******* **** ****** ******* demands *********** ****** ******* ** keep ************ **** ***.

********** **** **** ******* electrical, ** ******** ************, trenching, *******, *** ******* systems (manual ***** ** ******** ** accomplish * *********** **** of ******: ******* *** bad **** ** *** outside ** *** *****.

** **** ****, ** examine *** ******* ****** of **** ******, **** design ** *******, *** even *** ******* ********* needed ** *** *** job ****.

  • ******** **** '****** *****' Are
  • ********* *** ******* ***** Require ****
  • ******* **** ****** *********
  • **** **** ***** ******* Are ******
  • *********** **** ******* *********
  • *** ********* *** ****** Are *********

Gate ****** ******

*** **** ****** ****** of *********** ******* *** pedestrian ****** ** ******** lines ** ******* ****** and *****. ***** ******** integrators *** *** ********* tasked **** ********* ** installing ********* ******, **** find ********** ******* ** integrate ****** ******* **** them.

*** ***** ***** ** a ******* ******* ** how * **** ** integrated **** ******* ******* to **** **** ********** access:

*** ***** ***** ** the ****** *** ********* only **** **** ******* access ************:

  • ********* ****** *****
  • **** ***** *******
  • ****** *****/******* ******
  • **** *********
  • *********** *** ** *********

[***************]

******* ***** **** ********* *** still ***** ****** ** leverage ******** ** *** typical **** ***. *** our ***** ********* *** ************ Guide.

Inductive ****** *****

********* ******* ****** '****** loops' *** **** ** sense ******** ** *** gate ********. *** *** of ****** ***** ** widespread, ** **** ******* signals ** ************ ****** use **** ** ****** vehicles.

****** ***** **** ** inductive ***** ** * constant *****. **** * large ***** ****** (**** a *******) ****** *** field, *** ******** ********** of *** ***** *******, signalling *** ******** ** a ******* *** ********** devices **** ***** ** open ** *****.

********* ** ** *************** measurement, ** * ***-******* mass **** * ***** or ****** **** *** influence *** *****. ********* most ****** ***** *** tuned ** **** **** small ******** ******, **** bicycles, *****, ** ******* will *** '**** *** sensor', *** **** **** will ******* ** ******* traffic.

*** **** ****** ********, a ****** ** ****** loops *** ****:

  • **** ****: **** **** is ********* * ******** away **** *** ****, primarily ** **** *** gate ** ***** **** before *** ****** ******* reaches *** ****.
  • ****** ****** ****: *********** this **** ** **** to ****** *** ******** of * ******* ** the **** ** * swinging ****. ***** *** necessity ** **** **** depends ** *** **** of **** ***** ****, most ********* * *****-*** distance *** ********* ** the ****** *******.
  • ******* ****** ****: ** many *****, **** **** is **** ** * form ** '****-**********', ***** multiple ******** *** '*****' behind * ****** **** and **** ******* ***** on * ****** ********** read. *****, *** *********** to *** **** **** changes ***** ** **** operation, *** **** ****** it ** ****** **** the ******* **** ********** passes *******.

********** ****** ***** *** simple, *** ****** ********** for **** **********. ********* loops *** ********* ******* of *****. *** **** and ******** ** *** loop **** ********* ** the ************, *** ********** them ******** ******* ***** grooves (*****) **** ********, threading *** **** **** the *******, *** **** sealing *** *** **** a ***-*******, ********* ************ or ***. **** **** installing ***** **** '***' concrete, *** ******* ******* is ****, ****** **** embedding, ******* *** ***** of *** **** **** the ******** **** ** tightly **********.

*** ***** ***** ***** this *******, ****** *** installer ** '*******' *** loop ** * ***-*** depth **** *** *******:

 

****** ******** ******** * high ******* *** **** special ******. *** ********* of *** *** ** like ***** ******** ****, where *** ***** ** the *** ** ********** by ******. *** ****** cutting ****** *** ** 'wet', ***** ***** ** run **** *** ***** for ******* *** ** lubricate *** ***.

**** ************ ********* ****** companies, *** **** **** improvement ********* ***** ******** saws *** ****. *** amount ** *** **** for * ******* **** job ** ******, *** most *** ** **** with * ******** ****:

Reader ********

*** **** ***** '******** outside *** ***' **** off ** ****** ******** design. ******* ******* ******** pass ******* *****, ******** readers ** ***** ****** stations *** ** ****** at **** *********.

*********** ******** **** ****** differs ******* ******* *** average ***** *** ****** tractor *******, *** **** solution ** ***** ** create * '**** *****' with * *** ******* and **** *******. *** image ***** ** ** example ** * '***** driver' ***** *******, *** 'left ******' ********* **** arrangement ** ********* ********:

****** ***** ******* ***** this ********** *******: ********** bollards **** **** ********* adjacent ** *** ****** station ** ******* ****** if * ******* ******* the *****. ******** *** sturdy, ********* ******** ** ensure * *****-*** **** between ********* *** ********.

Long ***** *******

***** *** ********* ** vehicle *****, **** ***** readers *** **** ******* of **** ***********. ****** mullion ***** ******* **** measure * *** ****** tall, *** ******** ******* and ***** ************ ** a **** ***** ********* style ****** *** **** large, **** ** ~**" square ** ******.

*** *** ** ***** readers ********* ****** * vehicle ** *********** ***** a ******* ** ***** to *** ********** *****, have ** **** ** the ****, *** ***** it ** *** *******. Because '**** *****' *** still **** **** **** 15' *** **** ***********, the ******* **** **** relatively ***** ** *** gate *** **** ***** it *****:

 

** * '******* *****', or ******* ******* *** gate ******* ********, ** required * ******-***** ******/********** technology ** ***** ******. Typically ********* ** *** band **** ******* *** used *** **** *******, but **** *** ******* an ********** ********** **** specific ** *** ****** to ** ****** *** maintained.

*** ****, *** *** **** ***** ****** ******* Readers ********.

Gate ******** *********

*** ** *** **** critical *** ********* ******* aspects ** ******* **** access *** ** ********** by ******* *** ******* in ****: *** **** should ** ********** **** like * ****. *******, rather **** *********** * strike ** *******, *** access ****** **** ******* the ****'* '********', ** movement *********.

******* * **** *** interfacing **** *** ** the ********* ******* *** outputs ** * ******* task. *** **** ****** may **** ** ** specially ***** ** ********* to **** ****** *** reliably. ***** **** **** controllers **** *** ******, outputs, *** ************** ****** to ******* *** **** opening, ** ** **** to *** *** ******** for **** *******, *** only ********* *** *** controller ** ******* *** gate ** **** ** close ***** ** ********** reads.

**** ********* **** ****** according ** *** ***** style ** **** **** are ******* ****. *** physical ****, ******, *****, and ******* ****** ** the **** *** *** factors ** ********* *** right ********. *** **** of **** ** ********* matched ** *** *********** and ***** ******* ** this ****. (*** * comprehensive **** ** *** different ****** ** ******** gates *********, *** *** '******** ***** ********'.)


*******, ********** ** *** type ** ******** ****, the ****** ** *********** the ****** ******* ****** and *** **** ** the ****: ***** ********. The ***** ***** ** a ******* ******* ** an ******** ******* *****, with *** *** ****** called ***:

******** **** *********** ** reader ********** *** ***** directly ** *** ****** of *** *********** **** operator, *** *** *** nuances ** ****, *******, and ****** ****** **** place ** *** ******** itself.

Intercoms *** ****** *** *********

******* ******* ***** *** typically **** ********* **** buildings, ******* **** ** users *** **** **** their ***********, ** ******** visitors *** ** * real *********.

*** **** ******, **** practices *** ********* ** reader ****** ** *** possibility ** **** ********** is **** *** *********** the ********* ** ******** gates **** ******* ** the ***** ******* *****.

*** ********* ** *********, or **** ***** ******** stations ** *** **** keeps ************ ****** *******, yet ****** **** ** solicit **** ** ******:

******* '*****' ********* ** hanging ****** ****** ** the **** ** **** on *** ******* ***:

***** *** ********* ** the **** *** ******** of *** ******* *** be ********* ** ********** or ********** *******, ********** a ****** ******* *** simple ***** ***** ** signal ** *******. ***** basic ****** *** ****** feedback (**: *** ***** 'stop', ***** ***** '**', yellow ***** '*****'), ** access ****** *** *********** with ******* ***** *** typical ********** **** ** LED *********** *** *******.

[****: **** ****** *** originally ********* ** ****, but *** **** ************* updated *** ******** ** 2018.]

Comments (14)

***** *******. 

******* *******, **. ******!

**** *******.

 

* **** *** ***** are **** ******* **** I *******. **** ******* some ******* ******** ******* **** a **** ** *** up *** *** **** together, *** ****** **** all **** ****** ** place.

 

**** ****** ** *********, we **** *** ****** loops, ***** *** ****** will *** **** ****** a *** ** *******. It ******** *********** **** opening *** ****. *****'* other ******** *** ***** as ****.

 

* **** *** *** see *** ******* ** the ****** ******. ***** are * *** ** rules ** ****** ** pinch ******, ***** ***** and **********.

 

** **** * **** company ** *** ** our **** ****. **** people **** *** **** repair, *** ****** ** prepared ** ************ * REX ** **** *********. It ** * **** skill ***.

 

 

******* **** ******* *****(******** we **** **) **** are *** **** ********* to ******** **********?

'********' *****, ** ******* multiple ***** ******** ** each ***** ** *** way. *** *******, * loop ******** ***** *** car ******* *** **** is ****** ** ******** the ********, *** ******* loop ****** **** ******* (in *** ********** ********) is ********** ** ********** the ******** ** ******* vehicle ** *******.

* **** ******** ***** vehicle ******* (**** *** trucks **** ********) *** not ** **** ** accommodate ****, *** ** often ***** *** ******* lots ** ***** ***-******* vehicle *****.

****** **** **** ***!

*** ********** **** ** excellent ******* *** *** teaching ****** ** **** eggs, *********** ** *** UK ****** ** ***** of *** *** ** *** **** of ******** *** ******* gates & ******** - version * ****, **** *****'* ******* on *** ****** ******* of ********* ***** *** barriers ***** * ****** of ************ ** ****** years.

*** **** ******** *** been ******* ** *** so *** ** ******** as * ********** **** of ********, **** * new *** ******** ** "Gates ****".

*** ****** ********* ********* *** fines *******: *.* **** ************ ********** *** £*** **** *** ***** death.

 

****'* ******* ********.  ******!

***** - ********* ******* that ******* ** *** of *** ***** (*** lows) ** ********** ****** on ********* *****. * believe * ****** ** the ***** ******* ** concerns ********* *** ****** aspect ** ******* ***** and *'* **** ** see **** ****** ****** of **** ***** ** include * ******** ** the ** *** ********** standard. ** ******* **** standard ** **** *** basically ****** **** ************* into **** ********* *******, which ****** ** **** ** operator **** *** *** ******** of ******** **** *******. Conforming ** **** ******** is ******** ** **** AHJs ** *********** *************, but ** ******** ** commercial *************. *******, ** should *** ** "********" given *** ********* ****** of *** *******. *** attorney **** **** * brain ***** *** **** national ******** ** ***** negligence ** *** **** of *** ********** ******* should ******** ****** ** personal ****** ****** **** a "***" *******. ** you *** ***** ** install ********* *****, *********** yourself **** *** ****** requirements *** ****** **** into **** *************...** ****.

*** ************* *********** ** ***** ** a ******* *****, ****** for ******** ** **.

* ***** **** **** statement **** ** ** well ******* **** ********** installers ***** ******* ** it *** ** ********** risk.  ********, ******* ******* because *** *** ******** in *** ***** **** or ******* **** ******* pinched *** ** ******* should *** ** * risk *** ** **** emplacement ****** **********.

** *****,

**'** ******* **** ********** gates ** ******* ****** and ****.  ********* ** you **** ******* ***** that.

*** ***** ******** * good ********.  *** ****** post ** ********** ** out ** ****, *** so *'** ****** ** up *** * *********** rework.

** ***** ** '******' calc, ****'* * **** formula **** **** ********** *****:

*** **** **** ***** to ******* * ***** for *** ****** ** turnstiles ** *** ***** employee ******** ** * manufacturing *****. **** ****** turnstiles **** ** ********* at *** **** ***** line ********** *** ******* lot **** *** ***** building. ***** *** *,*** employees ******** ** ******* work ****** **** ******, and ** ******* **** been *** ***** *** this ******** ** *******. *** many ********** ****** ** quoted *** **** ***?

******: *** ********* *********** ********** that ** ********** *** required ** ****** **** people ** ** *******. * typical ****-****** ********* ** designed ** *********** *** - *** *** ****. This ** ** ******* pass ******* **** ** 9 ****** *** *********, per ******. ** **** ****** must **** ******* ********** during * ***** ******, consider *** **** ** handle **** ****** ** limited ** ** *******.

(Total ****** ** ******) / ((**** ******* ********* *** ***) * (****** ** **** *********)) = (****** ** **********)

(**** ******) / ((* people *** ******) * (15 *******)) = (**.* turnstiles)

***** ********** *** ********* in '******' *** '******' sized *****, ********* ****** one ** *** **********, the ********** * ***** for ** ********* (** 8 *******) ** *******. Consider ********** *** ****** of ********** *** *** occasion **** * **** is *** ** *******. 

********** *** *** **** for *** *********.  ********, I ** **** *** people ******** *******.

 

**** ** **** ** are ******* **:

 

 
 

** ***** **** ** work **** ******** ****** control ** **** (*******).

* *** **** ** interesting ********* ********* * parking ****** *** ***** day. **** *** * new ************ **** ****, and **** ****** * loop ** *** **** reader **** ***** **** allow *** **** ** open ** ***** *** a ******* (******** ********* that **** **** ******** with *********** *** *****). I **** ***** **** a **** ********* ** that ******** ****** *** wondered *** ****** **** was *** ****. 

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