Vehicle Gate Access Control Guide

Author: Brian Rhodes, Published on Mar 07, 2018

Vehicle gate access control demands integrating myriad systems to keep unauthorized cars out.

Everything from high voltage electrical, to concrete modification, trenching, welding, low voltage systems (<50 volts), and manual labor is required to accomplish a fundamental task of access: keeping the bad guys on the outside of the fence.

In this note, we examine the various facets of gate access, from design to install, and even the special equipment needed to get the job done.

  • Defining what 'Ground Loops' Are
  • Answering Why Vehicle Gates Require Them
  • Special Card Reader Pedestals
  • When Long Range Readers Are Needed
  • Integrating High Powered Operators
  • Why Intercoms and Lights Are Important

Gate Access Design

The most common method of restricting vehicle and pedestrian access at property lines is through fences and gates. While security integrators are not typically tasked with designing or installing perimeter fences, many find themselves working to integrate access control with them.

The image below is a typical example of how a gate is integrated with various systems to work with electronic access:

The major parts of the system are typically only used with vehicle access applications:

  • Inductive Ground Loops
  • Long Range Readers
  • Reader Stand/Bollard Design
  • Gate Operators
  • Integrating EAC to Operators

******* **** ****** ******* ******* *********** ****** ******* ** **** unauthorized **** ***.

********** **** **** ******* **********, ** ******** ************, *********, *******, low ******* ******* (to ********** * *********** **** ** ******: ******* *** *** guys ** *** ******* ** *** *****.

** **** ****, ** ******* *** ******* ****** ** **** access, **** ****** ** *******, *** **** *** ******* ********* needed ** *** *** *** ****.

  • ******** **** '****** *****' ***
  • ********* *** ******* ***** ******* ****
  • ******* **** ****** *********
  • **** **** ***** ******* *** ******
  • *********** **** ******* *********
  • *** ********* *** ****** *** *********

Gate ****** ******

*** **** ****** ****** ** *********** ******* *** ********** ****** at ******** ***** ** ******* ****** *** *****. ***** ******** integrators *** *** ********* ****** **** ********* ** ********** ********* fences, **** **** ********** ******* ** ********* ****** ******* **** them.

*** ***** ***** ** * ******* ******* ** *** * gate ** ********** **** ******* ******* ** **** **** ********** access:

*** ***** ***** ** *** ****** *** ********* **** **** with ******* ****** ************:

  • ********* ****** *****
  • **** ***** *******
  • ****** *****/******* ******
  • **** *********
  • *********** *** ** *********

[***************]

******* ***** **** ********* *** ***** ***** ****** ** ******** properly ** *** ******* **** ***. *** ******** ********* *** ************ *****.

Inductive ****** *****

********* ******* ****** '****** *****' *** **** ** ***** ******** by *** **** ********. *** *** ** ****** ***** ** widespread, ** **** ******* ******* ** ************ ****** *** **** to ****** ********.

****** ***** **** ** ********* ***** ** * ******** *****. When * ***** ***** ****** (**** * *******) ****** *** field, *** ******** ********** ** *** ***** *******, ********** *** presence ** * ******* *** ********** ******* **** ***** ** open ** *****.

********* ** ** *************** ***********, ** * ***-******* **** **** a ***** ** ****** **** *** ********* *** *****. ********* most ****** ***** *** ***** ** **** **** ***** ******** masses, **** ********, *****, ** ******* **** *** '**** *** sensor', *** **** **** **** ******* ** ******* *******.

*** **** ****** ********, * ****** ** ****** ***** *** used:

  • **** ****: **** **** ** ********* * ******** **** **** the ****, ********* ** **** *** **** ** ***** **** before *** ****** ******* ******* *** ****.
  • ****** ****** ****: *********** **** **** ** **** ** ****** the ******** ** * ******* ** *** **** ** * swinging ****. ***** *** ********* ** **** **** ******* ** the **** ** **** ***** ****, **** ********* * *****-*** distance *** ********* ** *** ****** *******.
  • ******* ****** ****: ** **** *****, **** **** ** **** as * **** ** '****-**********', ***** ******** ******** *** '*****' behind * ****** **** *** **** ******* ***** ** * single ********** ****. *****, *** *********** ** *** **** **** changes ***** ** **** *********, *** **** ****** ** ** ensure **** *** ******* **** ********** ****** *******.

********** ****** ***** *** ******, *** ****** ********** *** **** installers. ********* ***** *** ********* ******* ** *****. *** **** and ******** ** *** **** **** ********* ** *** ************, but ********** **** ******** ******* ***** ******* (*****) **** ********, threading *** **** **** *** *******, *** **** ******* *** top **** * ***-*******, ********* ************ ** ***. **** **** installing ***** **** '***' ********, *** ******* ******* ** ****, rather **** *********, ******* *** ***** ** *** **** **** the ******** **** ** ******* **********.

*** ***** ***** ***** **** *******, ****** *** ********* ** 'seating' *** **** ** * ***-*** ***** **** *** *******:

****** ******** ******** * **** ******* *** **** ******* ******. The ********* ** *** *** ** **** ***** ******** ****, where *** ***** ** *** *** ** ********** ** ******. The ****** ******* ****** *** ** '***', ***** ***** ** run **** *** ***** *** ******* *** ** ********* *** cut.

**** ************ ********* ****** *********, *** **** **** *********** ********* offer ******** **** *** ****. *** ****** ** *** **** for * ******* **** *** ** ******, *** **** *** be **** **** * ******** ****:

Reader ********

*** **** ***** '******** ******* *** ***' **** *** ** reader ******** ******. ******* ******* ******** **** ******* *****, ******** readers ** ***** ****** ******** *** ** ****** ** **** entrances.

*********** ******** **** ****** ******* ******* ******* *** ******* ***** and ****** ******* *******, *** **** ******** ** ***** ** create * '**** *****' **** * *** ******* *** **** station. *** ***** ***** ** ** ******* ** * '***** driver' ***** *******, *** '**** ******' ********* **** *********** ** typically ********:

****** ***** ******* ***** **** ********** *******: ********** ******** **** been ********* ******** ** *** ****** ******* ** ******* ****** if * ******* ******* *** *****. ******** *** ******, ********* barriers ** ****** * *****-*** **** ******* ********* *** ********.

Long ***** *******

***** *** ********* ** ******* *****, **** ***** ******* *** most ******* ** **** ***********. ****** ******* ***** ******* **** measure * *** ****** ****, *** ******** ******* *** ***** requirements ** * **** ***** ********* ***** ****** *** **** large, **** ** ~**" ****** ** ******.

*** *** ** ***** ******* ********* ****** * ******* ** permanently ***** * ******* ** ***** ** *** ********** *****, have ** **** ** *** ****, *** ***** ** ** the *******. ******* '**** *****' *** ***** **** **** **** 15' *** **** ***********, *** ******* **** **** ********** ***** to *** **** *** **** ***** ** *****:

** * '******* *****', ** ******* ******* *** **** ******* stopping, ** ******** * ******-***** ******/********** ********** ** ***** ******. Typically ********* ** *** **** **** ******* *** **** *** this *******, *** **** *** ******* ** ********** ********** **** specific ** *** ****** ** ** ****** *** **********.

*** ****, *** ******* ***** ****** ******* ******* ********.

Gate ******** *********

*** ** *** **** ******** *** ********* ******* ******* ** vehicle **** ****** *** ** ********** ** ******* *** ******* in ****: *** **** ****** ** ********** **** **** * door. *******, ****** **** *********** * ****** ** *******, *** access ****** **** ******* *** ****'* '********', ** ******** *********.

******* * **** *** *********** **** *** ** *** ********* sensors *** ******* ** * ******* ****. *** **** ****** may **** ** ** ********* ***** ** ********* ** **** safely *** ********. ***** **** **** *********** **** *** ******, outputs, *** ************** ****** ** ******* *** **** *******, ** is **** ** *** *** ******** *** **** *******, *** only ********* *** *** ********** ** ******* *** **** ** open ** ***** ***** ** ********** *****.

**** ********* **** ****** ********* ** *** ***** ***** ** gate **** *** ******* ****. *** ******** ****, ******, *****, and ******* ****** ** *** **** *** *** ******* ** selecting *** ***** ********. *** **** ** **** ** ********* matched ** *** *********** *** ***** ******* ** **** ****. (For * ************* **** ** *** ********* ****** ** ******** gates *********, *** *** '******** ***** ********'.)


*******, ********** ** *** **** ** ******** ****, *** ****** of *********** *** ****** ******* ****** *** *** **** ** the ****: ***** ********. *** ***** ***** ** * ******* example ** ** ******** ******* *****, **** *** *** ****** called ***:

******** **** *********** ** ****** ********** *** ***** ******** ** the ****** ** *** *********** **** ********, *** *** *** nuances ** ****, *******, *** ****** ****** **** ***** ** the ******** ******.

Intercoms *** ****** *** *********

******* ******* ***** *** ********* **** ********* **** *********, ******* help ** ***** *** **** **** ***** ***********, ** ******** visitors *** ** * **** *********.

*** **** ******, **** ********* *** ********* ** ****** ****** so *** *********** ** **** ********** ** **** *** *********** the ********* ** ******** ***** **** ******* ** *** ************ *****.

*** ********* ** *********, ** **** ***** ******** ******** ** the **** ***** ************ ****** *******, *** ****** **** ** solicit **** ** ******:

******* '*****' ********* ** ******* ****** ****** ** *** **** or **** ** *** ******* ***:

***** *** ********* ** *** **** *** ******** ** *** barrier *** ** ********* ** ********** ** ********** *******, ********** a ****** ******* *** ****** ***** ***** ** ****** ** prudent. ***** ***** ****** *** ****** ******** (**: *** ***** 'stop', ***** ***** '**', ****** ***** '*****'), ** ****** ****** can *********** **** ******* ***** *** ******* ********** **** ** LED *********** *** *******.

[****: **** ****** *** ********** ********* ** ****, *** *** been ************* ******* *** ******** ** ****.]

Comments (14)

***** *******.

******* *******, **. ******!

**** *******.

* **** *** ***** *** **** ******* **** * *******. They ******* **** ******* ******** ******* **** * **** ** cut ** *** *** **** ********, *** ****** **** *** your ****** ** *****.

**** ****** ** *********, ** **** *** ****** *****, ***** the ****** **** *** **** ****** * *** ** *******. It ******** *********** **** ******* *** ****. *****'* ***** ******** for ***** ** ****.

* **** *** *** *** *** ******* ** *** ****** issues. ***** *** * *** ** ***** ** ****** ** pinch ******, ***** ***** *** **********.

** **** * **** ******* ** *** ** *** **** work. **** ****** **** *** **** ******, *** ****** ** prepared ** ************ * *** ** **** *********. ** ** a **** ***** ***.

******* **** ******* *****(******** ** **** **) **** *** *** best ********* ** ******** **********?

'********' *****, ** ******* ******** ***** ******** ** **** ***** is *** ***. *** *******, * **** ******** ***** *** car ******* *** **** ** ****** ** ******** *** ********, but ******* **** ****** **** ******* (** *** ********** ********) is ********** ** ********** *** ******** ** ******* ******* ** present.

* **** ******** ***** ******* ******* (**** *** ****** **** trailers) *** *** ** **** ** *********** ****, *** ** often ***** *** ******* **** ** ***** ***-******* ******* *****.

****** **** **** ***!

*** ********** **** ** ********* ******* *** *** ******** ****** to **** ****, *********** ** *** ** ****** ** ***** of ****** ** *** **** ** ******** *** ******* ***** & barriers - ******* * ****, **** *****'* ******* ** *** ****** ******* ** ********* gates *** ******** ***** * ****** ** ************ ** ****** years.

*** **** ******** *** **** ******* ** *** ** *** be ******** ** * ********** **** ** ********, **** * new *** ******** ** "***** ****".

*** ****** ********* ********* *** ***** *******:*.* **** ************ *************£*** **** *** ***** *****.

****'* ******* ********. ******!

***** - ********* ******* **** ******* ** *** ** *** highs (*** ****) ** ********** ****** ** ********* *****. * believe * ****** ** *** ***** ******* ** ******** ********* the ****** ****** ** ******* ***** *** *'* **** ** see **** ****** ****** ** **** ***** ** ******* * synopsis ** *** ** *** ********** ********. ** ******* **** standard ** **** *** ********* ****** **** ************* **** **** different *******, ***** ****** ** **** ** ******** **** *** the ******** ** ******** **** *******. ********** ** **** ******** is ******** ** **** **** ** *********** *************, *** ** optional ** ********** *************. *******, ** ****** *** ** "********" given *** ********* ****** ** *** *******. *** ******** **** half * ***** ***** *** **** ******** ******** ** ***** negligence ** *** **** ** *** ********** ******* ****** ******** damage ** ******** ****** ****** **** * "***" *******. ** you *** ***** ** ******* ********* *****, *********** ******** **** the ****** ************ *** ****** **** **** **** *************...** ****.

*** ************* *********** ** ***** ** * ******* *****, ****** *** ******** it **.

* ***** **** **** ********* **** ** ** **** ******* that ********** ********** ***** ******* ** ** *** ** ********** risk. ********, ******* ******* ******* *** *** ******** ** *** wrong **** ** ******* **** ******* ******* *** ** ******* should *** ** * **** *** ** **** *********** ****** regardless.

** *****,

**'** ******* **** ********** ***** ** ******* ****** *** ****. Wondering ** *** **** ******* ***** ****.

*** ***** ******** * **** ********. *** ****** **** ** turnstiles ** *** ** ****, *** ** *'** ****** ** up *** * *********** ******.

** ***** ** '******' ****, ****'* * **** ******* **** that********** *****:

*** **** **** ***** ** ******* * ***** *** *** number ** ********** ** *** ***** ******** ******** ** * manufacturing *****. **** ****** ********** **** ** ********* ** *** main ***** **** ********** *** ******* *** **** *** ***** building. ***** *** *,*** ********* ******** ** ******* **** ****** this ******, *** ** ******* **** **** *** ***** *** this ******** ** *******. *** **** ********** ****** ** ****** for **** ***?

******: *** ********* *********** ********** **** ** ********** *** ******** to ****** **** ****** ** ** *******. * ******* ****-****** turnstile ** ******** ** *********** *** - *** *** ****. This ** ** ******* **** ******* **** ** * ****** per *********, *** ******. ** **** ****** **** **** ******* turnstiles ****** * ***** ******, ******** *** **** ** ****** that ****** ** ******* ** ** *******.

(Total ****** ** ******) / ((**** ******* ********* *** ***) * (****** ** **** *********)) = (****** ** **********)

(**** ******) / ((* ****** *** ******) * (** *******)) = (**.* **********)

***** ********** *** ********* ** '******' *** '******' ***** *****, including ****** *** ** *** **********, *** ********** * ***** for ** ********* (** * *******) ** *******. ******** ********** the ****** ** ********** *** *** ******** **** * **** is *** ** *******.

********** *** *** **** *** *** *********. ********, * ** like *** ****** ******** *******.

**** ** **** ** *** ******* **:

** ***** **** ** **** **** ******** ****** ******* ** have (*******).

* *** **** ** *********** ********* ********* * ******* ****** the ***** ***. **** *** * *** ************ **** ****, and **** ****** * **** ** *** **** ****** **** would **** ***** *** **** ** **** ** ***** *** a ******* (******** ********* **** **** **** ******** **** *********** and *****). * **** ***** **** * **** ********* ** that ******** ****** *** ******** *** ****** **** *** *** days.

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