University Surveillance Profile: Gallaudet

By: Carlton Purvis, Published on Dec 10, 2013

We visited Theodore Baran, the security director at Gallaudet University, a private school for deaf and hard of hearing students in the heart of the District of Columbia about public safety and security in this unique population.

Campus Demographics

Gallaudet has around 2,000 students enrolled. Its undergraduate students make up half the campus and are mostly deaf. There is a small portion of the student body that is deaf and blind. Gallaudet’s graduate students are a mix of hearing and deaf/hard of hearing students.

Watching Conversations

Video surveillance systems don't capture audio, but one of the most unique things about surveillance in a deaf population is that you don’t need audio to capture ongoing conversations.

That most people on campus are using American Sign Language to communicate, “is an advantage we have,” said Baran who noted that conversations have been used to vet or support how someone has described an incident.

“If someone is standing there talking about if they have marijuana then we can see that. I don’t think some people realize that.”

Cameras

The campus has around 160 cameras and uses a mix of fixed and PTZs -- about 50 percent of each, the director says. All feeds go to a central command center in the campus public safety office where they are watched by one or two operators. By default monitors are set to watch Gallaudet’s highest traffic areas. No video analytics are in use.

Many of the school's 40 buildings have fixed cameras at the doorways:

While the PTZs are mounted on the sides and tops of buildings overlooking campus and pedestrian thoroughfares. The camera below is mounted on Carlin Hall [link no longer available] and eight-story dorm. The public safety office is in the first floor of this building.



“It’s an open campus so we have people coming in cars or bikes and pedestrians,” Baran said.

The cameras are primarily used for investigative purposes -- someone loses something, vandalism occurs or someone reports a crime. The office gets requests to pull footage a couple times per week, the director said. When I first arrived on campus, Baran was wrapping up an investigation from the day before. A blind student walked into the side of a delivery truck that was parked in a crosswalk. The public safety office pulled the footage to see exactly what happened.

"It happened exactly as the student said it did," he said.

Monitoring

The public safety office watches cameras live during special events. All of the gates on the campus have fixed cameras to capture images of any vehicles going on or off the campus.

Camera deployments since in Baran's time at Galludet have earned their value after the number of vandalism incidents and burglaries inside the dorms dropped dramatically after cameras were installed and the additional evidence they have provided.

Operators

Oaxaca, Mexico recently made news for it's corps of deaf surveillance operators [link no longer available] who monitoring the city's 200 surveillance cameras. The city's public safety department said in the year they have relied on deaf operators they have found that deaf operators are more effective than hearing operators at noticing movements, reading lips and body language and avoiding distractions. We asked Gallaudet's public safety director about the claims.

Baran says the school had deaf operators in the past, and one in particular he heard was "pretty amazing at his job" but the school does not have any currently or since he's been there. The operators, who also serve as dispatchers, go through the equivalent of a year of ASL training in addition to traditional security operations training. Additionally there are volunteers who will help translate conversations recorded by surveillance cameras.

Communication in Special Populations

The biggest challenge for Gallaudet’s public safety office is making sure campus security D.C. police can communicate with its population. The university often calls on the city police to assist in investigating crimes on campus and the language barrier in the past been an issue.

“Often both the suspect and the complainant are deaf. We just want to make sure that we are fairly recording the statements of both and doing everything fairly,” he said.

The public safety office only has “a handful” of deaf officers, many of them from Gallaudet and D.C.’s Metropolitan Police Department Deaf and Hard of Hearing Liaison Unit has 10 officers assigned to the Fifth District of D.C. where Gallaudet is located. This is the most of any district. Two of them are assigned as Gallaudet liaisons.


Emergency Notification

On a campus where a majority of the population wouldn’t hear a message broadcasted over and emergency alert system, flashing lights are more effective. The 99-acre campus has more than 100 emergency beacons using high-intensity LEDs. The beacons can also display a message. Below is a PTZ on the school's auditorium and an emergency beacon.



Access Control

The campus which sits in D.C.’s Trinidad neighborhood is completely fenced in with five gates that stay open during business hours. The wrought iron fence below outlines the campus perimeter. You can see a map of the whole campus here. 

After hours, all but the front gate of the campus are closed making there one entrance an exit to the campus. The campus uses RFID cards for access control and keeps entry and exit logs. The guard shack at the front gate is manned at all times. The guard has radio contact with the public safety office and the ability to send out alerts or notifications, but does not have access to camera views.

Comments (2) : Members only. Login. or Join.

Related Reports

ProCam Low-Cost Open Thermal Temperature Project on May 12, 2020
An engineering professor in Switzerland is building what he hopes will be the world's lowest-cost fever camera, costing a fraction of commercial...
Video Analytics 101 on Mar 16, 2020
This guide teaches the fundamentals of video surveillance analytics. Inside we cover: Why Use Video Analytics Video Analytics Warning Where...
Australia Security Full Show Report on Jul 25, 2019
IPVM went to Australia attending the 3 days of the Australia Security Exhibition: This was held at the ICC Sydney, as shown below: In this...
Eagle Eye Favorability Results 2019 on Mar 21, 2019
Eagle Eye has been the biggest spender in the cloud VMS market including (via their owner) acquiring Brivo for $50 million and CameraManager from...
Cisco Meraki New Cameras and AI Analytics on Dec 14, 2018
Meraki has released their second generation of video surveillance with 3 new cameras, AI-based video analytics, and 2 cloud-based storage...
ISC East 2018 Mini-Show Final Report on Nov 16, 2018
This is our second (updated) and final show report from ISC East. ISC East, by its own admission, is not a national or international show, billed...
Geutebruck Company Profile on Oct 22, 2018
Geutebrück [link no longer available] has been in business for nearly 50 years, but they are not well known within the US surveillance market. In...
Axis Guard Suite Video Analytics Tested on Jun 25, 2018
In 2015, we declared Axis' Guard Suite analytics "weak", with missed detections and false alerts common. But after nearly 3 years and a 2.0 version...
S2 Access Control / 'Unified Security Management' Profile on May 08, 2018
In our 13th access control company profile, we examine S2 Security's Netbox platform: Unified Security Management Platform positioning Core...
Testing DMP XTLPlus / Virtual Keypad Vs Alarm.com & Honeywell on Dec 13, 2017
DMP has a strong presence in commercial intrusion alarms, but not in residential. However, the company's XTLPLus wireless combo panel and Virtual...

Most Recent Industry Reports

Access Control Online Show - July 2020 - With 40+ Manufacturers - Register Now on Jul 01, 2020
IPVM is excited to announce our July 2020 Access Control Show. With 40+ companies presenting across 4 days, this is a unique opportunity to hear...
Hanwha Face Mask Detection Tested on Jul 01, 2020
Face mask detection or, more specifically lack-of-face-mask detection, is an expanding offering in the midst of coronavirus. Hanwha in partnership...
UK Government Says Fever Cameras "Unsuitable" on Jul 01, 2020
The UK government's medical device regulator, MHRA, told IPVM that fever-seeking thermal cameras are "unsuitable for this purpose" and recommends...
Camera Course Summer 2020 on Jun 30, 2020
This is the only independent surveillance camera course, based on in-depth product and technology testing. Lots of manufacturer training...
Worst Over But Integrators Still Dealing With Coronavirus Problems (June Statistics) on Jun 30, 2020
While numbers of integrators very impacted by Coronavirus continue to drop, most are still moderately dealing with the pandemic's problems, June...
FLIR Screen-EST Screening Software Tested on Jun 30, 2020
In our FLIR A Series Test, the cameras' biggest drawback was their lack of face detection, requiring manual adjustment when screening each...
Dahua Buenos Aires Bus Screening Violates IEC Standards and Dahua's Own Instructions on Jun 30, 2020
Dahua has promoted Buenos Aires bus deployments as "solutions that facilitate community safety". However, they violate IEC standards and,...
UK Firm Markets False Fever Screening, Hikvision Disavows on Jun 30, 2020
A UK security firm falsely claimed its Hikvision-based thermal solution could be used for "accurately detecting fever in any person", even claiming...
Industry Study: 83% of US Temperature Screening Sellers Falsely Say Not Medical Devices on Jun 29, 2020
83% of US companies selling temperature screening devices, aka 'fever' detectors, claim they are not medical devices, contrary to FDA definition,...
Manufacturers on Virtual 'ISC West' 2020 and Potential ISC West 2021 on Jun 29, 2020
With the 2020 ISC West show now officially canceled, attention turns to Reed's new "ISC West 2020 Virtual Event" planned for October and for the...