PTZs vs 360 / Panoramics

Author: John Honovich, Published on Oct 28, 2012

One of the toughest but most important emerging choices is when to use PTZs vs panoramic cameras. It pits one of the most overhyped technologies of the past decade (PTZs) versus one of the most overhyped ones of this decade (panoramics), yet both have significant value as an alternative to fixed cameras.

Covering Larger Areas

Covering large areas with fixed cameras is problematic. Instead of using huge numbers of them, many users turn to PTZs so they can pan, tilt and zoom across such areas. But, clearly, this is not without downsides and misapplication. In the past few years, a new rival solution, panoramics, has emerged for covering them. Instead of mechanical control, these cameras, using multi-megapixel, capture and record a 'panoramic' view at all times. While some vendors hope for the 'death of PTZs', panoramics have many of their own issues.

What Do You Think?

Contrasting the Options

While PTZ use will decline at the expense of panoramics, both PTZs and panoramics will play an important role in the future of surveillance. Panoramics can help in areas where PTZs have historically been overspecified. However, users need to be careful to not overspecify panoramics which can create problems of their own.

Inside the PRO Member's section, we review the following critical issues:

  • Viewing Range / Image Detail
  • Recording Range
  • Storage and Product Costs
  • 180 vs 360 Panoramics (Fisheye vs Panoramic)
  • Panoramic Maturity Issues

Finally, we conclude with a dozen real world use cases showing how PTZs and panoramics are best used in operation.

*** ** *** ******** *** **** ********* ******** ******* ** when ** *** **** ** ********* *******. ** **** *** of *** **** ********* ************ ** *** **** ****** (****) versus *** ** *** **** ********* **** ** **** ****** (panoramics), *** **** **** *********** ***** ** ** *********** ** fixed *******.

Covering ****** *****

******** ***** ***** **** ***** ******* ** ***********. ******* ** using **** ******* ** ****, **** ***** **** ** **** so **** *** ***, **** *** **** ****** **** *****. But, *******, **** ** *** ******* ********* *** **************. ** the **** *** *****, * *** ***** ********, **********, *** emerged *** ******** ****. ******* ** ********** *******, ***** *******, using *****-*********, ******* *** ****** * '*********' **** ** *** times. ***** **** ******* **** *** *** '***** ** ****', panoramics **** **** ** ***** *** ******.

What ** *** *****?

Contrasting *** *******

***** *** *** **** ******* ** *** ******* ** **********, both **** *** ********** **** **** ** ********* **** ** the ****** ** ************. ********** *** **** ** ***** ***** PTZs **** ************ **** *************. *******, ***** **** ** ** careful ** *** *********** ********** ***** *** ****** ******** ** their ***.

****** *** *** ******'* *******, ** ****** *** ********* ******** issues:

  • ******* ***** / ***** ******
  • ********* *****
  • ******* *** ******* *****
  • *** ** *** ********** (******* ** *********)
  • ********* ******** ******

*******, ** ******** **** * ***** **** ***** *** ***** showing *** **** *** ********** *** **** **** ** *********.

[***************]

Viewing ***** / ***** ******

*** ******* ******** ** ***** ********** ******* ** **** ** the *** ***** ** ***** ****** **** ******* ** *** given *********. ***** ********** ********* *** ***, *** ** **** more, *** ********** ** ********* ****** *** **** *** *******. Compared ** * *********** ***** ****** **** * ** ** 60 ****** ***, * *** ****** ** ******** ** ** more ****. ***** *** ******** **** ** * ********* *** be *** *******, *** ***** ****** ** *** ***** ********* is *** *****. ***** ** ** **** ****** * *** cameras ******* ** * *******.

**** ********** ***** ****** **** ** *** ********* *******:

"** ***** ** **********, *** *** ** ******* *** ***********. I ***** *** ******* ********* **** ***** ****** * **** ever ***** ***** *** **** ********* ***** ****** ** ** initially ********; **** *** *** *** ****** **** *** *** 'cool' ******* *****. *******, **** **** *** '** **!*' ****** when **** *** ** **** ** *** *** *** **** of ******"

***'* **** ** * ********* ******* ** * *** ** a *** ****** *********. *** ***** ***** ***** ** ** both ******* ** * **** ***.

--

***, * *** ***** ** * *** ** ******* ** see ***** ******* *** ****. ***'* ******* *** ******* **** of * *** ** *** ******* **** ** * ********* (remembering **** ********** ** *** ******* ******* ****).

--

*** *** ******** ************ ******* ****** **** *** *********. ** is ** *******. **** ** ******* ********* ** ** *** highest **********, ******* *** ********* ** *** ****** (**** / 180). ******, ** * *** ******* *** ******** ** * PTZ, *** ********* ***** ******* **** *****.

********** *** ******* ***** ** ** *** ******* ***** ** PTZs *** **** ** *** * *** **** **** ***** anytime ****.

Live ********** ** **************

*******, *** ***** ********** ** *** *********** ** **** ** get **** **** ******* ******* ******** *** ****** ***** **********/***** to **** ******** ******. ** ** **** ********* *** ********** requires * ***** ***** ***** *** *** ****. ******* * live ********, *** ***** ** * *** ***** *************. ***** many ****** ********** ** ***** **** *********, **** ** ********* a ******** ** ************ *******.

* ******* **** **** ** **** * *** ** ********** periodically ** ************. ** **** *** ** ******** ****** ** the ******** ** *** ******* *** ********* ** * ***. However, ***** ** **** ** ***** ** **** *** **** on ***-********** *****. ** *** ********** *****,

"******** ****** ******, ** *** ***, **** *** ***** ***** are ***********. **** *** ****** ** *** ***** ***** ** the ***** ****. *** ******* *** *** ******** ** *** direction **** ** *******. ** *** ** ******** * ****** more *****, *** * ******** **** **** ***** ******* (****** schools) *** *** *** ** **."

** *** ******* *** ** * ****** ** **************, ********* may ******* ****** ******* ******** **** * *** **** * large ****, ** *** *** **** *********:

"***** *** ************* ** *** **** **** ******** ** ******* after-the-fact ************* ***** **** ******** ** *** ********* **** *** client ****** ** ** **** ********, *** ********** ******** ****** with **** ****** *** ***** **** *** ********** ******* ******* could ****** *** **** ******** ******** ** *** *********** ***** step ****** ****** ***** *********** *******."

Recording *****

**** ***** ** *** **** ***** *** ******* ** ********** over **** - ********** ****** *** ****** **** ** *** times ***** **** **** ****** ******** ******** **** **** *** looking **. ********** ** *** ******** *** ***** ******** ** a ***** ****, **.*% ** *** **** ***** *** *********. With **********, ***** *** ***** ****** *** ** ***, ** the **** *****, ** ******** ** *** ****** ***** ** available ******.

Costs (******* *** *******)

*******, ******* *** ******* ***** ******* *** *** ****** **** other *** *** ****** *** ** * ***** ****** ** the ******** ** *** ****** *** *****.

  • ** *** ******* ****, ********** *** ********* **** *********. *** purchase **** ** ********* ******** ** **** *** ** *** thousands *** **** **** ****. ****, ***** ********** *** ************ simpler, ***** *********** ***** ****** ** *****.
  • ** *** ******* *** ********* ****, **** *** ****** **** expensive (******** ***** ***** ****). **** ** ******* ********** ********* require ****** ********** ** ***** ***** **** **********. ***** ** could ******** ******* ***** ** ******** ** **** * ******** USD *** ******.

*** ******* **** ** *********. ***** ********** ** *** ********* the **** *** *********, ** ********* *** *** *********, ********** are * ****** ***** ** ***** **** ***** *** ***** review.

180 ** *** ********** (******* ** *****-*******)

****** **********, *** ***** ****** *****: ***** ***** ******* ****** and ***** ********* ******** ******* ** * ****** *******, ******** below:

fishey multi-imager

*****-****** ********** *** ******* ****** ****** *** ***** (******) *** product ************ (*****). **** *** ******* **** ****** ***********, **** much **** ******* ***** *** ****** ******** *** ********. *** most ********* ********* *** ** *** ****** ******* ***** **** well ******* ** * **** ** ******* * ***** ******** area ** ******* ****.

** ********, ******* ******* *** ****** *** *** ****** ********* of ** **** **** * ******* *****. ** *** ****** even ******** ******* ** ******* ******** ** ***** ******* ** traditional ******.

Panoramic ******** ****** *** ***********

**** ** *** **** *** ******* ** ********* *******, *** must ****** ** ******* ****** *** *********** ** ****:

  • *** *******: *** ***** **** ** ** ***** **** ********* ******* your *** ******** *** *** ****** **** *** **********. **** VMS ****** **** ******* * *** ********* ******* *****.
  • ******** ******: ** *** ********* ****** **** ** ** ******* *** away **** *** ********, ***** ******* **** ****** ** ***** cameras *** ***** ***** ****** *** ****** ** '******' ***. You *** **** ** ***** **** **** * ******* ***** to *** *** ******* ****** ** *** *******.
  • ******* ***** ****: ***** ********** *** ******* *****-********* *******, *** ***** **** is ********* ***** ** *****. **** **** ** ***** **** and *** ****** ** ***** ****.
  • *** ***** ******: ********** ********* **** ***** *******, **** ********** *** **** ********** *** *******. *** ** these ******* *** ****** **** *** ***** *********** (*.*., ******* *******, ******** *****, *** ******** ** *** *****). ** *** have * ********** **** ***** ** *****, **** **** ** test ********* *********** ****** *********.
  • *** *** ****** ************* **** **********: ***** **** ****** ************* ***** **********, *** ******* ******* availability *** ***** ******* ****** *** ***** **** **** ** available *** ****.

*** ************ ****** ******** / ********* ******** **** *******.

Panoramic **** ***** ****

********* ** ********** **** ********** **** ** ******* ** *** sized ****** *****:

  • *** ******: "*** ********* *** ******* ** *** ****** ** **** room ******** ******** ** *** ****** ****
    ********* ***’* **** *** **** ******** **** ****** ******** ***** cameras **** ***** ** ******** ** ******* *** **** ********. Each **** *** ***** ****** *** * ********* *** ** provide ********** ***** ** ******"
  • *** *******: "* ********* *** ********* ******* ******* ** **** *** height ******. ********** ******, ****** ****** ******* * ***** *** wide ********* ***** ** ****."
  • ********** *****: "* **** ******* ** * *** ****** ****** * recently ***, * ***** ** *** *** *********** **** ** a ********** ***** ********* ** *** ****** **** **********. *'** done **** ****** *** **** ** ** *****, ** ***** well. *******, **** *********** *****'* **** ** *** ******** ******* or *** ****** ******. ** **** ****, * ********* ******** fixed, *** ** *** ****** * **** *** ***********."
  • ********* ******** ******: "* ******** *** * ******* ********* *** ** ***** they ****** ** **** **** *** ********* *** ******* **** equipment ** *** **** (*** ****** ******** ******** ****). *** idea *** ** **** ***** *** *** *** * ******* (2 **** * ** ****** = ******) *** **** **** wide **** (****** *** ******* **** **** ****). *** *** ended ** ***** ***** **** *** ********* ******** ** **** got ** *** **** **** ****** *** *** ***** ** 20 ******* ** $*** **** + *****. * *** *** not *** ******** ** ******* ** ******** *** *** **** too *****."
  • ******* ******* ***: "******* ********** ** ***** *** ****** ** * *****-****** car **** *** ** ***** ******* **** *****. ** **** cases **** *** ** **** ** ********* ***** ***** ****** anywhere. ********* *** ********* **** ***** **********. *** ******* *** that *** **** **** ***** ******** *** ******* **** ** the **** *** ** *** *** ********* ** ******* **** area ******** **** ***** *******. *** ********** ***** **** ** knew ** ***** **** *** ******** ********, **** ****** *** image ****** ***** ** ****. *** ******** ***** ***** ** sufficient ** ** **** ** *** ******** ******* *** ******** the *******(*) ********. **** ****** **."
  • *********: "******** ***** **. ** *** ******** ** ******* * proctored ******* *********** **** ********. **** *** ******* **** *** room, ** *** **** ** *** **** ******* ****** ****** the **** ** '************' ***** **** ** **** *** *****....***** immediately ****** **** * ****."
  • ********* ********: "********* **** **** ********; **** *** ******* ********* ******* initially *********** *** ***** ******* ***** *********** *** ****** ***********; however **** ************ **** * ******* *** ** "*******" **** of ***** ** **** ***** ****** ***** ******** ** *********, forklifts, *** **** ** ******** ****. *** ******* **** *** great *** ****, ** *** ****** *** ******** (**** ********** the **** ** ******) *** ******* ******* **** **** *********** to **** * "******" **** ***** ********* ******** ***** *** the ******** ** *** **** *** *********** **** ********** ******* after ********* ******** *******"

PTZs *** *****

**** **** ***** **** ******* ** ****** ******* ***** ** bigger *******:

  • ********: "***** *** **** **** **** **** **********, *** *** the **** **** **** **** ****** **** ** ********. ***'* are ***** ** **** ******** *** * *** *******....***, ***** able ** **** *** ******* (* - * *****) ******* the ***** **********. ***, *** ******* ** *** *** **** multiple ******* ** **** *** ******** *** *** ********* ***** of *** ********."
  • **** **********: "** **** *** ********** ** ***** *** ******* *** metropolitan **********, ***** ***** *** *** ** **** ******* ***** with ******* ********* ********* ** ******* *** **** *** ******* 24 ***** * ***. *******, ***** *** ******* ********* *** complemented **** ******* ***** ******* **** ****** **** ** ********* video ** **** ***** ** ********. ** **** **** ********* cameras *** ** *** **** ******, ******* ** *****, ******* and ******** ********** **** ***** ** ******** **** **** **** of ******."

************, ******* *** *** *** ********* ****** ***** ***** ** PTZ *******. ***** ***** *** ****** *****, **** *** **** high **** *** ***** **** *** **** ******* **** ******** monitors ******** ******** ** **** ****.

****** ****, * ****** ** ******** *** ***** ******* *****:

  • ********** + *** *******: "*** *** *** ** **** *** ****** ************, **** when (*** *******) * ******* ********** * ****, *** ********* sensor ***** ******* * ****** ** *** *** ** **** in *** *** *** *** ** ******* *** *******. ********** so *** ***'* ** **** ** ****."
  • ********** + **** ********: "*** ** *** ******* *********** *'** **** ** * PTZ **** ** **** ********, *** * ***** ***** **** two ********* *** *** *** *******. *** ******* **** *** to * ********** ****-***, *** **** *** ****** **** * door ******. **** *** **** ******* *******, *** ****** ****** to ** ***** **** ** * ****** **** *** ****** in ** *** * ***** **** ** *** **** ** the ****** ******* ** *** ****; **** ***** *** **** closed ******** ** *** ****-***."
  • ************: "************ (****** ** ******** ** ******) ** ******* *** reason *** *** ************** ** *******."

Mixing **** *** **********

** *** **** ** * ***** ********** ****** ****** ** a **** ********* *** ***** **** ** ******* *****: "** have ***** * *** ** ***** ******* *** * *** PTZ's *** ************* ** ********** *********. ***** ** ** **** will ** *** **** ****** ** *** ******* *** ** the ******* **** ****'*. ***'* **** ***** ***** ***** ******** for ******* **** ** **** ** ** ***** ** *** exhibit *****."

**** *** ********** **** **** **** ** **** *** **** years ** ****. ***** ********* ***** *** **** *** **** of **** *** ******** ** **** ** ***.

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