ALPR / NPR Recognition Accuracy and Issues

By: Carlton Purvis, Published on Jan 15, 2014

Sick of red light and speed cameras? A lot of people are. There are entire websites and web forums devoted to the public’s disdain for automated policing. But is there a way to beat them? Forget the aerosol sprays and chunky license plate covers [link no longer available]. In this post we show you, straight from a US government commissioned report, what things have been proven to give ALPR systems problems in reading plate numbers.

Because more and more law enforcement agencies are using automatic license plate recognition, the International Association of Chiefs of Police, with a grant from the National Institute of Justice was commissioned to asses ALPR implementation among U.S. agencies. It used results from 305 agencies across the U.S. including one of the biggest ALPR users, the Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Police Department [link no longer available]. The final report is where this data comes from.

The most common types of ALPR being used by U.S. agencies is mobile. Ninety-five percent of respondents said they used mobile APLR, while under 20% use fixed or portable.

However, mobile has the lowest capture and read rate of the three, according to the report.

ALPR Issues

Beating ALPR is much more simple than spending money on an infomercial product. Here are the three main things highlighted in the report:

Dirty or Bent Plates

Because ALPR systems often rely on reflectivity, plates that are bent, dirty or damaged “may cause the ALPR software to misidentify a character.”

Physical Obstructions

Bike racks, tow hitches and town bars are common physical obstructions that can lead to a misidentified license plate. A repo man from Maryland I spoke to said tow hitches are something they have a problem with, and they suspect some SUV owners have them just for this purpose.

The report provided these examples of unreadable plates:


Reddish Tones

“Some colors, especially reddish tones, may be difficult for ALPR system[s] to read,” the study says. It doesn’t say why but it does say plate design has a major impact on how well an ALPR system is going to read a plate. Not only to plate designs vary from state to state and within a state, the shape of the characters also vary.

Number Design

Other things that can impact the accuracy of a read are whether the numbers are raised or not, the report says, but it doesn't indicate whether that is better or worse for determining plate numbers. Some systems aren't configured to read plates from other states. The report does not identify which those are.

Capture and Read Rates

Data on U.S. ALPR capture and read rates is hard to find, but these are the lowest acceptable performance rates for Europe's Schengen member states:

U.S. law enforcement say despite the problems mentioned earlier, ALPR still increases their productivity. Two anecdotes from the study:

  • "Montgomery County (MD) Police Department, for example, has indicated that a single officer equipped with ALPR scanned 48,101 plates, resulting in the issuance of 255 traffic citations, the identification of 26 drivers with suspended licenses, 16 vehicle emission violators, 4 stolen and 1 expired license plate tags, and 3 arrests in the course of 96 hours of use over 27 days."
  • In five days of scanning at the U.S. Mexico border law enforcement scanned 780,000 plates and “over 1,300 were involved in 4 murders, 14 rapes, 24 robberies, 273 assaults, 128 burglaries, 345 vehicle thefts, 361 weapons, and 241 narcotics cases.”

ALPR Uses?

Ninety-five percent of the agencies using ALPR used it mainly for auto theft. Most (68 percent) reported an increase in vehicle recoveries and arrests in auto theft cases after adopting ALPR. And other less common uses like toll enforcement, speed and stop light enforcement and calculating traffic flow.


Are a Lot of Agencies Using ALPR?

The number of agencies using ALPR is growing steadily every year. Of the 305 agencies surveyed by the IACP, 70 (23%) said they used ALPR. A similar survey from 2011 found that larger agencies were adopting the technology at a faster rate. Of these larger agencies (10,000 or more officers), 71 percent use ALPR.

Do Most Agencies Have Policies For ALPR Use?

Most do not. Only 48 percent actually had any written policies for ALPR use.

How Long Is ALPR Data Stored?

Around 40 percent of the agencies surveyed store the data for six months, 13 percent store it indefinitely. Nearly half (43 percent) updated their “hot lists” daily.

Comments (3) : Members only. Login. or Join.

Related Reports

Latest London Police Facial Recognition Suffers Serious Issues on Feb 24, 2020
On February 20, IPVM visited another live face rec deployment by London police, but this time the system was thwarted by technical problems and...
London Live Police Face Recognition Visited on Feb 13, 2020
London police have officially begun using live facial recognition in select areas of the UK capital, sparking significant controversy. IPVM...
Covert Elevator Face Recognition on Oct 24, 2019
Covert elevator facial recognition has the potential to solve the cost and complexity of elevator surveillance while engendering immense privacy...
China Subway Facial Recognition System Examined on Jun 24, 2019
A China city of 6+ million people has installed facial recognition-enabled gates in subways, allowing commuters to enter stations by simply showing...
China Jaywalking Facial Recognition Guide on May 27, 2019
News reports touting the PRC's AI prowess often showcase facial recognition cameras being used to automatically catch and fine jaywalkers. In...
Kidnapping Victim Rescued With Video From Ring Doorbell Camera on May 24, 2019
A kidnapping victim was rescued within 24 hours, with the police crediting video from a Ring Doorbell camera as key to solving the case. A girl was...
San Francisco Face Recognition Ban And Surveillance Regulation Details Examined on May 14, 2019
San Francisco passed the legislation 8-1 today. While the face recognition 'ban' has already received significant attention over the past few...
Verkada Wins $783,000 Memphis Deal on Apr 29, 2019
The US city, most famous in video surveillance for standardizing on Hikvision, has issued an RFQ for 962 Verkada cameras due Wednesday, May 1,...
Hikvision AI Problems Criticized By Chinese Publication on Apr 09, 2019
Hikvision's facial recognition works poorly, causes delays and worsens learning, according to a new investigation by one of China's leading...
Large Hospital Security End User Interview on Mar 21, 2019
This large single-state healthcare system consists of many hospitals, and hundreds of health parks, private practices, urgent care facilities, and...

Most Recent Industry Reports

Wyze Raises $10 Million And Seeks Services Expansion on May 27, 2020
Wyze has raised $10 million, the company's first disclosed raise since the $20 million announced at the beginning of 2019. Inside this note,...
Startup Videoloft Presents Cloud Storage on May 27, 2020
Videoloft presented offsite cloud storage at the May 2020 IPVM Startups show. A 30-minute video from Videoloft including IPVM...
Directory of 250+ Fever Camera News Reports Globally on May 27, 2020
This global directory tracks 250+ articles about thermal cameras used to detect fevers in response to the coronavirus pandemic. Articles are...
Integrators Rising Against Coronavirus on May 27, 2020
IPVM integrator statistics make it clear - Coronavirus's impact on business is lessening and many are anticipating even better news in weeks...
Netposa Stock Surges 46% After US Human Rights Abuse Sanctions on May 27, 2020
Last Friday, the US government announced it would sanction PRC video management provider NetPosa for being "complicit in human rights violations...
LILIN Presents NDAA-Compliant P2 Cameras on May 26, 2020
Merit LILIN presented its NDAA-compliant P2 camera series at the April 2020 IPVM New Products show. Inside this report: A 30-minute video...
ZKTeco Body Temperature and Mask Detection Reader Tested on May 26, 2020
While dedicated fever cameras emerged first, now tablet/kiosk fever detectors are ramping up. China's ZKTeco has been aggressively promoting such...
IDIS Presents 12MP IR Panoramic Fisheye on May 26, 2020
IDIS presented its 12MP IR panoramic fisheye camera at the April 2020 IPVM New Products show. Inside this report: A 30-minute video from...
FDA Defines Correct Operation of "Fever Cameras" on May 26, 2020
The US FDA has now defined the correct operation of "Thermal Imaging Systems", colloquially known as "fever cameras". Many in video...
OnSSI Founders Return, Start Corsight on May 25, 2020
The OnSSI founders are back, less than 2 years after selling OnSSI to Qognify, they have returned to Corsight, a spin-out of an Israeli AI...