WDR Camera Shootout 2015

Author: Ethan Ace, Published on May 04, 2015

This is the most comprehensive Wide Dynamic Range (WDR) IP camera shootout ever.

We tested 10 of the latest generation multiple-exposure true WDR cameras, including:

Even among these true WDR cameras, there were clear superior and inferior performers as this preview from out test inside shows:

In addition, we tested two non-WDR cameras to show the performance difference between cameras which use true WDR methods and those which do not:

The Test

We tested three key scenes representing common WDR use cases:

(1) Inside, with our subject entering a man door, showing how the cameras dealt with a quick and powerful burst of sunlight:

(2) Through an open overhead door in a warehouse:

(3) Finally, outside, against the setting sun:

Inside, we break down the results of who did the best and worst.

**** ** *** **** ************* **** ******* ***** (***) ** camera ******** ****.

** ****** ** ** *** ****** ********** ********-******** **** *** cameras, *********:

**** ***** ***** **** *** *******, ***** **** ***** ******** and ******** ********** ** **** ******* **** *** **** ****** shows:

** ********, ** ****** *** ***-*** ******* ** **** *** performance ********** ******* ******* ***** *** **** *** ******* *** those ***** ** ***:

The ****

** ****** ***** *** ****** ************ ****** *** *** *****:

(*) ******, **** *** ******* ******** * *** ****, ******* how *** ******* ***** **** * ***** *** ******** ***** of ********:

(*) ******* ** **** ******** **** ** * *********:

(*) *******, *******, ******* *** ******* ***:

******, ** ***** **** *** ******* ** *** *** *** best *** *****.

[***************]

Key ********

*** *********** *** ******** ************* ***** **** (******* *** ****), **** **** *************' *** ********** ****** ********** ****** ** ***** ****** than ******** *******. **** *** ***** ** ***** ****** ******* ****** backlighting ******** **** (**** *** ********* ** ******* ******* *** sunset).

*******, ***** *** ***** *** *********** *********** ** ****:

  1. *********** ** **** *****: ** *** ****** ***** ** *** scenes, *********** *********** *********** *****, **** **** ****** ********** ****** details, **** ****** **** ** *** ******** ** ***, *** the ******** ******* **** *******, ****** ******* ******.
  2. ******** ** ***** *******: *** ******* * ****** ******** ** light ******* *** ** ********* ** ****** **** ** **** doors, ***** ****** ******* ***** *** ************ * ****** *******, obscuring ******* ** *** ******* ********.
  3. ******* *** ***** ***********: *** *********** ** *********, *** ** no ****** ****** *** ******** **** *** *** **** **** or ****** ** ***, *** ****** ** *********** *****. **** this ** **** ** ******* *** ****** ** ***** ***** are *** *** **/*, **** ** ****** *********.

*** ****?

****** *** **** ********* (******/******* ****, ********* *** ******* *** outdoors), ** ****** *** ************ *** ****.

  • ** *** ******/******* **** ****, ******* *** ****** *** * number ** ***** ************* **** ***** ******.
  • ** *** ********* ****, ********* *** ******* **** ************* **** strong.
  • ** *** ******* *** ******** ****, **** *** ******* **** comparatively ******.

**** ** *** **** ***** *********** ***** *** ***** **** up ******* **** *** ******** *** *****. ******* ***********, **** / ****** **** ********** ** *** *********** ** ********.

*** *****?

*******, ****** **** ******* ****** *** ******** **** **** *********** by *** ********** ****** **** ***** *************, ** ***** ****** consistently ********* ****** ****** ******. ** ************ ** ***** ****** have **** ********.

True *** **. ***-*** *********** ***

***** ** ***** ** *********** *********** ******* **** *** ****** in **** ****** ** ** ********* ** ********** *** **** *** worst ** ***** ******* ******** ****** '****' *** *******. ** illustrate **** **********, ** **** ****** **** **** *** ***** against ********** / ******* **** *** ************, **** *****.

**** ***** *********** *** *********** ********** ** ********** ** *** full ***, **** *** **** **** ** *** ***** *********** black ** *** ***-*** *****, *** *** ******* ******* *******:

** ***-*** *******, *** *******'* ******** *** **** **** ******* due ** ******* ****** ** ****** *********, ***** ** *** area ****** *** ****, ** ** ****** ********** ** ***.

WDR *********** **********

** **** **** *** ****** *** ***********, ** ****** ** three ****** ******** * ******* ** ****** ************:

***** *: *********/******** ****

*** *** ***** **** ** **** * ****** *** *****, a ********* **** ** **** ******** ****. ***** ****** **** nearly *** ********* ****** *** ******* *** ** *** ****** sunlight.

******* *** ****** ********* ** *** **** ****, *** ******* perform ****, **** **** ****** ** ******** ********** ** ***********. Subject ******* *** ***** ** *** *******.

** *** **** **** ****** *** ****, *********** ****** *************, with *** ******* *******-** ********* ************* ****** ******* ** *** subject. ******, **** ** *** ********* **-*******, ******* ***-****, *** Axis *****, *** ***** ***-**** ******* ****, ****** ********** ***** than *******. *******, *** *******, ********, *********, *****, *** **** cameras ******* ***** ******* ** **** **** ** *** *****.

***** *: *** ****** *******

** **** *****, *** ******* **** ****** ******** ** ***** of *** *** ***** ** ******* ****** ******. ***** ***** ** our ******* *** ***** ~*,*** ***, ****** *** ****** ******** behind *** *** ****** **,***.

** **** *****, *** ********** *** *******, **** *** ******* appearing ** * **********, *** ****** ****** ******* ****** ***, with *** ***** ****** ********* ***** *** *****. ****** ******* the ***** ******, **** ******* ******* *******, ******

***** *: ******* ******** ****

** **** *****, *** ******* ****** * *** ****, **** the ***** ***** ******* *********** ** *** **** ***** *** closes. *********** ****** ******, ** ******* ****** ** *** ****** in ***** ** ********* *****.

** ****** *** *********** ** ********** ******* ** **** ***** screencast:

***** *** ******** *.*** **** ** ***** ***** (**.* **).

** **** *****, *** ******* ********** ********* *****, **** *** strong ***** **** ******* ******* *** *** ******** ** *** scene *** *** ******* ********* *********** ** * **********. 

** ********, *** ******* ***-**** *** *** ** *** **** performers ** **** *****, **** *** ********, ********, *** ******* all *******, ******* **** ********** **** *** ** *** ******* door.

*** ********** ***** ***** ******** *********** ** **** ****** ** the ******* ****** *** ****, ***** **** *** ***** *****:

Even ***** ***********

** **** ****** *** ******* ** *** ******* ****** ***** to ******* ******** ***** ******* ***********. ** **** *****, ***** quality ** ******* ***** *** *******, ****** *** ********* **** is ******* ****** **** ******.

** *** *****, ***** *.* ***, **** ** *** ******* produce ***** ******* ** **** ******* *** *****. **** *** Arecont ********** *** ******** ** ** ***.

*******, ** * **** **** ~*.** *** *****, **** *** ** equipped ********* *** ********* ******* ******* ******* ** *** *******. Others, **** ** *** ******* ***-**** *** ******* ******, ******* legible ***** ** *** **** *****, *** *** ******* *******.

***********

******* **** ****** ***** *** ********* ********:

  • ********: ******* ** */***
  • *****: *.***, ************ ~**, ** ***
  • ***: *** *** ****** ** *** *** ** *** ****** where ********** (*******, *******). **** ******* *** ** *** ******** aside **** **/***.

***** *** *** ******** ******** **** ** **** ****:

  • ******* ****** **********: *****
  • ******** *.**-**-**: *.*.*.**
  • **** *****: *.**.*
  • ***** ***-****: *.**.****
  • ********* **-**********: *.*.*
  • ********* **-*******: *.**
  • ***** ******: *.*.*.*.****
  • ******* ***-****: *.**
  • **** ********: *.*.*
  • ******* *******-**: ****

Comments (30)

Interesting results. I have recently been looking into using Arecont Vision's 12mp multi-imagers with WDR in an area that includes both windows and halways. I hope they do better than this test camera. I also have decided on four new PTZ's and have chosen Samsung SNP-6320H. WDR was one feature that steered me that way. Happy to see the brand perform so well in tests.

James.

I have had the arecont/avigilon manufacturer rep out and set up the camera in the area where I thought we would have issues. It was hallway intersection with glare on floor and open windows end of hallway at lobby entrance. Both did reasonable well. You can always ask your local rep for this service.

V/r

Kelly

No Mobotix tests?

No, Mobotix's market position has fallen over the last few years. Also, I don't believe they support multi-exposure WDR.

Mobotix also says HDR / WDR is 'inacceptable in security applications':

"Some manufacturers are using a combination of technologies like adding frames to generate a brighter image (e. g. Lightfinder, HDR, etc.). However, with this adding and overlaying of subsequent frames, small details or objects in the scene could be suppressed­ or distorted, which is inacceptable in security­ applications."

Oh, really?

To a power guy it's all about good pictures at a nice low wattage.

The how details of the camera form, fit and function are often lost on me.

We've a Rapid Deployment SES plant that's been development bullet proof with an AvaLan and MX combo running prior to winter. Seems to always take good pictures. RSES12012110 captures good neighbor Dan

Lots of manufacturers, including low-cost ones with broad 3rd party support can take good pictures. A lot of that has to do with much better sensors that all the camera manufacturers have fairly similar access to.

As for low power consumption, here are 130+ MP IP cameras with 3 watts or less power consumption, plus more than 340 MP IP cameras with 4 watts or less. Also, you might be interested in our IP Camera Power Consumption Guide.

Yep, I've seen all three of these site resources.

It sure is nice to have real power measurements available, it's way too often a challenge establishing the customer project LDL.

I'll bite, what's LDL? :)

Load, duty cycle and location.

Info triangle for off grid power solutions.

Is this the typical Dynamic Range of Mobotix cameras?

Uh don't know, power guy.

There seems to be some decent DR info here:

image dynamic range

The snapshots were a daytime live feed desktop capture, both using MX night lenses (we'd been testing a 3w National Mfg LED light). Valley was in white out but seemed to capture Dan's plowing pretty well. There's a platform shot taken with a Sony digital here:

winter pickup truck deployment

Perhaps MX daytime color lenses would provide different results.

It'd only have taken a few minutes to change out the MX lenses but it was pretty ugly weather conditions.

Great test! Thanks!

Pattern matchers are curious to know if (J) was actually Z. Dahua?

Interesting results!

We've been using Axis P3384-Vs mainly for their LightFinder feature... it would be really nice to use WDR in the day and switch to LF at night while remaining in color, but Axis has no way to do that based on light level - switching WDR mode is dependent on ICR mode switching first.

I've been benching a Samsung beside the Axis and found it measures up very well in both WDR and low-light, with the added bonus of actually being a little sharper overall. Unfortunately it has even less ability (as far as I've been able to determine) to switch WDR on and off based on light level. Both can do it on a schedule, but any schedule I set is only suitable for a month or so.

Can you share the bandwidth consumed of the cameras as tested?

Get a better model.

A better model than what?

Get a better model.

I say no, Derek is the best!

In any event he has become a defacto reference standard for the industry.

I'm a bit unclear. Was this intended to be a comparison of WDR performance? Or is this just a large camera shoot out with the qualifier for entry being WDR? There's a lot of additional variables present in some of these cameras that aren't necessarily serving for a fair comparison if our goal was to compare WDR. Of which, low-light color technologies (Starlight, lightfinder, etc.) and IR have the largest impact in the side by side comparison pictures.

You guys generally do great head to heads, but I feel that this one will only serve to muddy expectations. This is the equivalent of Car and Driver doing a comparison of V6 vehicles. The accord, the ford pick up, the twin turbo audi, and the supercharged mustang.

Kyle,

What specifically do you want to see tested that was not done here?

Are you objecting to our test scenes? Do you want different ones? Do you want different cameras? Different settings?

Please be more specific.

Thanks for the prompt reply, John.

I'd like to see a more apples to apples comparison when the results are confined to side by side photos. I cannot fairly and accurately judge one manufacturers technology against anothers when were putting 2 MP and 3 MP in the same race, or when cameras with IR on are being compared to night shots of cameras with no IR, or cameras that are designed to do low light color against those that aren't. If IPVM was doing a general camera shoot out then I think all of these things would be fair game, but in a case where we are aiming to compare WDR, I think our results get skewed by extraneous variables.

Kyle,

"I'd like to see a more apples to apples comparison when the results are confined to side by side photos."

These are exactly side by side photos.

"cameras with IR on are being compared to night shots of cameras with no IR"

The core of this report are the three WDR test scenes. Good, bad or indifferent IR / low light has NO impact on those three WDR test scenes.

"putting 2 MP and 3 MP in the same race"

Kyle, if you believe your Avigilon cameras will perform markedly better using the 2MP version than the 3MP WDR version we tested, we will buy one immediately and do a re-test just on the 2MP. Let me know if you would like us to proceed with that.

John, if someone has decided to be "Undisclosed B Manufacturer" while posting, I think that you should either respect the desire for anonymity or simply remove the option for participants to be anonymous.

Undisclosed B Manufacturer originally made both posts disclosed.

Some minutes after John's last post Undisclosed B Manufacturer apparently edited them and checked 'Post Without Disclosing Your Name?". Nothing wrong with doing that, but John may not have even noticed, since he would have no reason to re-read them.

When I first read those posts, like you I thought it might be a gaffe, but then I checked my e-mail for notification of Und B's posts, (which I was automatically subscribed to since I had already commented), which showed the posts were originally made disclosed.

Good to hear, that explains it.

C, as A explained above, the since undisclosed poster originally posted disclosed. That's why I referred to him by name.

I can see why that's confusing. Thanks for calling attention to it so we can clear it up.

I just was looking over the firmware versions used for this test. Is there any reason your using year old firmware for the Avigilon camera and new firmware for all the other cameras?

Not sure what happened in the text up there, but the camera is current. I'll fix that typo.

Thank you

Is there a new version of this test coming. If I need to recommend a low light WDR outdoor fixed camera, would the results hold good?

Gautham, we do WDR tests with most of our ongoing camera tests.

The difference now is that almost every professional camera now has WDR built-in and the variances in performance have gone down.

Login to read this IPVM report.
Why do I need to log in?
IPVM conducts unique testing and research funded by member's payments enabling us to offer the most independent, accurate and in-depth information.

Related Reports

Camera Course Winter 2019 - Last Chance on Jan 24, 2019
Today, Thursday Jan 24th is the last chance to register for the Winter 2019 Camera Course. This is the only independent surveillance camera...
Milesight Company Profile on Jan 22, 2019
Milesight Technology, a Chinese company building an International branded business, says they are slowly building their presence through a series...
Testing Bandwidth Vs. Low Light on Jan 16, 2019
Nighttime bandwidth spikes are a major concern in video surveillance. Many calculate bandwidth as a single 24/7 number, but bit rates vary...
WDR Tutorial on Jan 11, 2019
Understanding wide dynamic range (WDR) is critical to capturing high quality images in demanding conditions. However, with no real standards, any...
Worst Products Tested In Past Year on Jan 09, 2019
IPVM has done over 100 tests in the past year. But which products performed the worst? Which ones should users be most aware of? In this report,...
2019 Video Surveillance Cameras Overview on Jan 07, 2019
Each year, IPVM summarizes the main advances and changes for video surveillance cameras, based on our industry-leading testing and...
IPVM Best New Products 2019 Opened - 70+ Entrants on Jan 07, 2019
The inaugural IPVM Best New Product Awards has been opened - the industry's first and only program where the awards are not pay-to-play and the...
Axis Tailgate Detection Tested on Jan 04, 2019
Axis is aiming to tackle tailgating, one of access control's biggest issues, with the Tailgating Detector ACAP application. This camera app claims...
8MP / 4K Fixed Lens Camera Shootout - Dahua, Hikvision, TVT, Uniview on Dec 17, 2018
8MP / 4K fixed lens models are now common in lower cost lines, with nearly every Chinese brand and their OEMs now offering multiple options. To...
Ubiquiti $79 Flex IP Camera Tested on Dec 07, 2018
U.S. Manufacturer Ubiquiti has released a 1080p, integrated IR IP camera, selling it directly for $79, making this one of the least expensive IP...

Most Recent Industry Reports

Testing Bandwidth vs. Frame Rate on Jan 23, 2019
Selecting frame rate has a major impact on surveillance bandwidth and storage consumption. But with smart codecs now common and cameras more...
Camera Course January 2019 on Jan 23, 2019
This is the only independent surveillance camera course, based on in-depth product and technology testing. Lots of manufacturer training exists...
Bosch Favorability Results 2019 on Jan 23, 2019
Bosch's favorability moderately strengthed, in new IPVM integrator statistics over their results from 2017, with 2019 results showing strong net...
Intersec 2019 Show Report on Jan 23, 2019
The 2019 Intersec show, held annually in Dubai, is now complete. IPVM attended for 3 days, interviewing numerous Chinese and Western video...
2019 Camera Book Released on Jan 22, 2019
This is the best, most comprehensive security camera training in the world, based on our unprecedented testing. Now, all IPVM PRO Members can get...
Milesight Company Profile on Jan 22, 2019
Milesight Technology, a Chinese company building an International branded business, says they are slowly building their presence through a series...
Cable Trenching for Surveillance on Jan 21, 2019
Trenching cable for surveillance is surprisingly complex. While using shovels, picks, and hoes is not advanced technology, the proper planning,...
Milestone Favorability Results 2019 on Jan 21, 2019
Milestone's favorability moderately strengthed, in new IPVM integrator statistics over their results from 2016. While the industry has been...
The IP Camera Lock-In Trend: Meraki and Verkada on Jan 18, 2019
Open systems and interoperability have become core features of video surveillance systems, as virtually all professional IP cameras integrate with...
NYPD Refutes False SCMP Hikvision Story on Jan 18, 2019
The NYPD has refuted the SCMP Hikvision story, the Voice of America has reported. On January 11, 2018, the SCMP alleged that the NYPD was using...

The world's leading video surveillance information source, IPVM provides the best reporting, testing and training for 10,000+ members globally. Dedicated to independent and objective information, we uniquely refuse any and all advertisements, sponsorship and consulting from manufacturers.

About | FAQ | Contact