VMS 101

By IPVM Team, Published Mar 03, 2020, 10:01am EST

This guide teaches the fundamentals about video management software.

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Inside, we cover:

  • NVR vs VMS
  • Viewing Video - What are common client features? Layouts? Camera Lists? Timeline?
  • Searching Video - How is video searched for? Time? Motion? Analytics? Thumbnails?
  • Exporting Video - How is video exported? File Format? Watermarks? Cloud? Mobile?
  • Camera Discovery/Addition - How are cameras discovered/added? Auto? Manual?
  • System Administration - How is the system configured? Recording? Users? Health?
  • Mapping Support - How are maps supported? Images? Hosted Maps? Dynamic?
  • VMS vs Low-Cost NVRs - What are pros and cons of each? Cost? Features?
  • Installation Comparison - Why are NVRs easier to install? Training? Skills?
  • VMS Hardware Flexibility - How are VMSes more flexible and scalable? Open?
  • Widely Used VMSes/NVRs - What companies are widely used or notable?

NVRs ** ***

*** *********** ********** ******* Video ********** ******** *** NVRs (** ******* ***** Recorders) ** **** **** preload *** ****** *** video ********** ******** ** their **********.

***********, *** ******** ***** to ***** ******* *************** than ****, ****** **** is * **** ** thumb, *** ********. ******, many *** ******** ********* offer ***** *** *** options *** ********** ** deployment.

Viewing *****

*** **** ****** ******** of *** ************ ****** is ******* **** *** recorded *****.

************ ***** ** ****** on ******** ********* ******** to ** * "******", which ******** *** ***** from ******* ** ********* on ******. ***** *** typically *** ******* **** run ** **/************, *** browsers, *** ***********.

******* ****** ********* ******** consist ** ******* *****, camera *****, ******* ******** menus, ***** ********, ******* replay ********.

Viewing **** *******

******* ******** ******* ** the **** **** ** a ****** **** ********** task. ******* *****/******* ***** for ********** ***** ** multiple ******* (***, ***, 4x4) *** ***** ****** to **** ****** ***** are ********* ** ********** and ************* ******* ** each ***** (*.*. *** entrances, *** ******* ****, cafeteria *******):

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*******, ******** * *** of ******* ************** ** difficult, *** ******* ******* can ** **** ** each ****** ** **** small.

Camera *****

****** ***** ****** *** quick ****** ** ******* for *********, *******, ** a ****** *** ***** can ** ********* ** visually ******. **** ***** offer ********** ******* **************** and/or ** ******** ****/********, or * ***** ****** bar *** ****** ******:

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Common ******* ******** ****

******* ******** ***** ***** quick ****** ** ****** actions **** ****** *********, PTZ ******** *** ******** Bookmarks.

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  • *********:******* ********* * ***** image ** **** ** needed, ****** **** * video ****, ******** ***** capture *** **** ** image, ***** ** ******* and ****** ** ***** than *****. *******, ********* may *** ********* *** entire ********.
  • *** ********:****** *** ******* ******** to * ****** ** fundamental *** ****-******** **** monitoring. ****** *********** *** camera ******** ******** ****** be **** ** ****** the ****** ** *** misused (*.*. ******* ******** at * ****, ***** by * ****** **** while ********** ** ********, etc.).
  • *********:**** ************* *****, *********** allows *** ****** ******* of ***** ** ******* a ***** **** ** the *** ***** ****** searching *** *** ******** instead ** ** **** or ******. *******, ******** bookmarks ** *********** *** them ** ** ********* for *********.

Video ********

***** ******** ****** * user ** ******* ***** through * *** ** video ( ******** ********* the ******* **** ** being ******):

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*******, ***** ****** ***** are ****** ******** *** looking *** ******** ****** or * ******** ***'* footage.

**** ***** ******* ********* between **** *** ******** video ** ***** *** Timeline.

Instant ******

******** ********* *** **** important ******* ***** ********** live *****, *** ******* Replay ****** ***** ******** times (*** - * mins) ***** ******* **** video, ****** *** **** to **** * ********* video ******.

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*** **** ***** *** rewinding ***** *** ******** needed ** ** ****** live *** ******* ****** to ** ******.

Searching *****

********* *** ******** ***** is * ******** ******* for * ***, *** offering * **** ***** to ****** *** * person/vehicle, *****, ** ****-****** object ** ********* *** most *****.

***** *** ********* ****** types ****** ** **** VMSes, **** **** **** and ****, ********* ** what *********** ** *****. Time, ******, *********, ********* and ******** ******** *** the **** ****** *****

Time-based ******

****-***** ****** ** *** most ***** ****** *** is ****** ** *** system **** *** ***** analytics *** **** * time ***** ** ***** for ** ********:

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****-***** ******** *** **** significantly ****** **** **** other ****** ***** ******* you **** ** ***** through *** **** **** range ** *****.

Motion ******

****** ****** ** ********* quicker **** ****-***** ****** because ** ***** **** motion ****** ** * camera ***** *** ******** the **** ****** ** find * ******** ********.

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*******, ** ****** *** not ******** ** *** camera, ** ** ***** are **** ****** ****** on * ******, ****** search *** **** ** much **** ** ****** as ****-***** ********

Analytic ******

******* **** *** ****** searches *** **** * long **** ** ** through ******* ** **** people, ********, ** *******, analytic ******** *** ******* increase ****** *****:

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*******, ************** ****** (****** vs *******, **** ** female) *** ***** **** results. ********, ** ****, because ** ** ******** for ***** ** ***** robust ********* ************, ********* search ********* **** **** widely, ********* ** *** VMS.

Thumbnail ******

********* ******** *** ** quicker **** **** ** motion ******** **** ** object (*******, ***) ****** or ****** *** **** of *** ******, *** analytics *** *** ******* by *** ***/*******.

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******* **** ****-***** ********, video ***** **** ** manually ********, *** ***** events *** ** ****** between * ********* ******.

Bookmark ******

******** ****** ****** ***** searching *** ** ***** that **** **** ********** identified ******:

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Exporting *****

**** ******, ********* ** problems *****, ********* ***** from ***'* ***** ************ system ** ******** ** proving *********.

***** *** ******** ****** to **** *****, ********* export **** *********, *********** video *******, *****-****** ******, exported **** *******, ************/********** support, **** **** ******* support.

Export **** *********

******* *** ******* ***** and **** **** ******* and ******** ***** ** make ***** *********** ****** exporting *****, ******* ****** to ******* *** ****** process ***** * *** easier ** ***:

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*******, ********** ******* ** the ****** **** *** cause ********* *** ***-******* users.

Proprietary ***** *******

********* ***** ** *** VMS's *********** ****** ** quickest *** **** *** require ***** **********/**** ******** to ********** ** ****-*******. Also, ********* *** ****** are ******** **** *********** formats, ***** *** ** valuable *** ******:

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*******, *********** ***** *** only ** ******** ** the *** ****** ** standalone **** ******, ***** can ** ********* *** 3rd ******* (*.*. ****** departments, *******).

Multi-Camera ******

****** **** ****** ** export ***** **** **** camera ************, *****-****** ****** can **** *********** **** by ******** ***** ** export ******** ***** ***** from ********* ******* **************:

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***** **** ** **** efficient **** ******-****** ******, it *** *** ********** when ********* *** **** management.

Export **** ******

******* *********** ***** ******* require ******* ******** *** playback, ****** **** ******* offer ******** ******* ************ of * *** ****** and ***-**** ******** (*.*. zoom, *********, ******* ******, events *** *********):

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***** *** ********** ******** to ******* **** ** open-format ******* (*.*. ******* Media ******, ***, *********).

Watermarking / **********

******* **** *** ***** have ** ****** **** exported ***** ** *** tampered ****, ************ *** encryption *** ** ***** to *** ***** ** ensure ** *** *** been ****** ** ******** with:

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**** ***** ********** **** and ********** ** ********* and/or ******* ***** **** exporting *** **** ******* back.

Open **** *******

********* ** ****-****** ***** files (*.*. ***, ***) means **** ***** *** more ****** **** ******** video ******* **** *** use ****** ***** ******* (e.g. ******* ***** ******, QuickTime, ***):

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******** ******** **** ********, digital ****, *** ******/********* are **** **** ********* to **** *******

Camera *****, *************, *** ***********

****** *****, *************, *** maintenance *** *** **** common ***** **** ******** a ************ ******.

***** *** ****** ********** features ****** ** **** VMSes, ********* *********** *** adding *******, ********* ****** settings, ****** ****** **********, firmware **********, ****** ***** reports, *** ****** *********** tools.

Discovering *** ****** *******

****** ********* *** ****** cameras ** * *** are *** ***** ***** to ******** * ******, and ****** ** * quick *** ****-********* ******* that ***** *** *** cameras ****** *** ******* for * **********:

*******, ******* ********* ********* may *** ****** **** depending ** *** *******, manual ****** *** ****** tools *** ** ****.

Adjusting ****** ********

******** ******* ****** ******** (resolution, ***** ****, ***********) are ******** ** *** proper ******** ** * VMS, ***** ** *** system ************* *** ********* and ******* ************:

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*******, *** *** ***** support ********* ****** ******** for *** ****** *************.

Camera ****** **********

******* * *** ** only ********* **** ******* are ********* *** *********, camera ****** ********** ***** perform * ******** ********. VMSes ********* **** *** alert ******** ** * camera ** ******* ** not *********, ************, **** offer ******/******* ****** ****** reports **** *** ** monitored ****:

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***** ***** *** ** difficult ** ******* ****** health ****, ***** ********** false-positive ****** ******* ****** can **** ** ******* staff ******** ****.

Firmware **********

******** ****** ******** ** important ******* ***** **** a *** *****-****** *** as ***** ******* ****** more ******, ** ******* that ********* *** **-**-**** and ******** ** ********:

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******** ******** ******* * VMS ** ********* ******* to ****-************ *******, *** often ******** ***** * standalone****** ************* *********** *** ****** ************.

Camera *********** *****

**** ******* **** ** are *******, ***** **** to ****** **** *** configuration ** ******** **** the ********** ********* ****** to *** *** ****** is * ******* **** for ******* ***********/**********:

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*******, ****** *********** ** only ****** ** **********-******* VMSes.

System **************

***** *** **** ********* beyond *** ****** ************* when ******* ** * VMS.

***** **** *** ****** methods ** *********** *** rules/limitations *** *** ************* that **** **** ************* depending ** *** *** and *********, ***** *** common ********** ********* *******, recording, **********, *** **** permissions.

Storage

***** ***** ** ****** and *** **** ** is ****** ** *** of *** ******* ********* when ******* ** * VMS. ******* ***** ** recording ** *** ******* server ******, *** **** percentage ** *** ***** to ****** ** **** impact *** *** *** will *******.

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******* **** ********* **** minimum ******** **** ** recording, *** ****** ******* allowed ****, ****** ************* of *** **** ** record ***** ** * necessity.

**** ***** ******* ***-****** retention ********, *******, **** can *** ********** ** system **************.

Recording

******* ** *** ********* needs ** *********, ********* the **** ** ********* (e.g. ******, **********) ** important ** ******* *** expected ******** *****.

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**** *** ************* ****** the ****** ** ******* required. ********, ********* ****** settings *** ** ******* for **** ********** *** recording *** ********* **********.

**********

******* ***** *** ** different ********** *** ********* depending ** *** **** of *** ** ****, schedules *** ********* **** for ******* ************. **** is **** ******** **** in **** ** ******* costs **** ********* *************. They *** **** ** used *** *********** ***** notifications *** **** *****:

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********* ** *** ********** of *** ************* **** can ******* *********** ********** setup **** ** *** VMS.

Users - *********** *** ******

*********** **** ******* ***** are ******* ** ***, and ****/*** **** ****** the ****** ** *********. VMSes ***** **** *** user ***** *************:

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********** ****** (**** ******* per ******) ******* *** highest ***** ** ******** and **** ********, *******, even ** ****, ****** logins *** ********** *****, who *** ***** * monitoring ** ** ***** common.

**** ***** ******* ******** user ****** ** ******** creating ********** *********** *** each ****, *******, **** is **** ****** ** high **** ***** *****.

Mapping *******

************* ***** ********* *** happening ***** **** ********** and ************* *** ******** relationships ******* ******* ** a *** ** ********* for ******** *********, *** can ** ********* ** the ****** ** ******* increases.

***** *** ****** *** support ******** ********* * map *****, *** ***********, and *** ******.

Map *****

***** *** * ******* map *****:

  • ****** ****** (**):******* ** *** *** configure, *** ******* ** the ******** *** ****** feedback ******* ** *****-*********** and **** *******.
  • *****-*********** (**):** *** ** ****** to ***** ******** ******* camera ***** ******* ** provides ******** ****** **** and ****** **** *********** than ****** ** *******. However, ** *** ** more ********* ** ********* and *** ** ********* for ***-******* *****.
  • **** ********** (***):****** * ****** ***** of *********** ** ******* like ******* ******** *** dispatch ******** ***** ** public ****** *** ****-******** operations. ** ** ********* an ********* ***** ** standard *** *******.

Map ***********

*********** **** ***** ****** visual **** *** *** events *** **** **********, which ****** ******** ***** to **** ****** ***** suspects ** ******** ********** behavior.

************, **** ****** ****-******** systems (*.*. *****, ********, Casinos), ****** *******, *********, LPR *** ***** ******* are ******** ********** **** maps *** ******* ****** monitoring.

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*******, **** ***** *********** maps *** ****** ********* for *********, ***** **** negatively ****** **** **********.

Map ******

******* ************* *** ****** and ****** *** ****** operators **** ***** ** an ********, ***** **** showing **** ***** ** the *** *** ***** was *********, ********** ***** response ****.

*******, ***** **** **** many ****** *** ** more ******** *********** *** confusing **** * ***** scrolling *****/***** ****.

Rising ************ ** ***-**** ****

* ***** *********** ** the **** * ***** has **** *** ******** in *** ************ ** very ***-**** ***** **********, far **** ********* **** their ******* ************.

******* ***-***** ********** *** generally *-* ***** **** expensive **** ***** ******** ones. * - ** Channel *** ********** **** Asia ****** ** ***** from $*** *** ** under $*,*** ***, ** comparison ** ******* ***-***** appliances ** *** $*,*** - $**,*** *** ***** when ***** ********.

*** ********* ********** ** Western ********** *** **** native ****** ****** ************, developed **** ********** **** advanced ***** ****** *** Export *************, ****** ********* support, *****-****** **********, ****** Health **********, ************* *** User ********, *** *******, and **** *********.

**** ***** ******** *** primary ****/****:

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Appliances ******* ** *****

***** *** ******** ** pre-loaded ** **********, *** installing ********** ****** ********** the ********* ******, *** recorder *********** ******, ******** management ********, ***. **** can **** * *** hours *** ********* *** errors **** ********** ********.

Appliances ****** ** ******

***** ********** *** ********* start ********** ** ******* right ***** ******* **** on, ** ********** *** need ** **** *** to *** ** * PC/server *** ******* * recorder/VMS ***********. *** **** organizations, **** ***** ** knowledge ** ******* *** poses ** *********, *******, for ******, **** *** allow **** ** ** deployments **** **** ******* technicians.

VMS *** ****** ************ ***********

* ************ **** **********, you **** ** *** the ************'* ********. *** common ******** ***** ****:

  • **** ************ *** ************ using * ******* ******** (e.g., ****, **, ***.) and *** **** ********* terms *** ********* ******** with **** ************. ** appliance ****** **** * different ******** ***** ******* that ******* *** *** be ******* *** ***** or ***** ********** ******.
  • *** ****** ******* ******** specifications ** ********* ******* and *** *** *********** with ********* *** ********* provider. **** ** ********* only ** ***** *** advanced ********* *****.

** ****** ****, *** ability ** **** **** own ******** ** *** of *** ********** ** using * ******** **** solution.

Virtualization **** ***

******* ******** **** *** can ** ********* ** any *******/***** ****** ********, many *** ********* *** use ** * ******* server ***********.

** *** ******** ************** exists, **** **** **** hardware **** *** *** add ********** *** ************ for ************ *** *******. Installing ** * ******* server *** ******* * higher ***** *******, ****** cost **********.

Appliances ******** ***************

***** *** ************ ******** the ******** *** ***-****** the ********, **** **** much **** ******* *** a ****** ************* ** what ***** ** ***** and *** ** ************ it. ** ** **** harder *** *** ************ to ************ ******** ****** on ******** ******** ** ***** are **** **** *********.

** ***** ****** ****** in **** **** *** more ****** ***, ** the ***** ****, ** can ****** ** ******-******** and ***** ***** ****** that ** ** **** hardware's ******.

*** ****** ******* **** purchasing ******** *** ******** separately ** **** ** can ****** ** ****** two ************* *********** *** troubleshooting *** ************ ******. The **/****** ******** *** fall **** *** ***** while *** ********/*********** ***** to *******. **** *** increase ********** *** ***** delays ** ********* ******** compared ** ** *********.

Many ********** ******* ** ****** ******** *****

****, *** *** *** software **** *********, ****** annual ***** *** ***********/********* their ********. ***** ***** can ****** *** ******* license **** **** * 5 **** ****** (*.*, pay $*** *** * single ******* ******* **** another $***-$*** **** *** next *** *****). ** contrast, ********* ********* ********* do *** ****** ****** fees ***, *****, **** away ******** ********.

*** ********* ***** ***** that ***** ****** **** result ** **** **** advanced ************* **** ********** do. ********* **** ** true *** *** ******. This ***** ****** ** carefully ********** ** *** exact ********* *** ** considering.

VMS ******** **** *********** ** *****

********** ********* **** *** offered ** * ******* of ************** *** ***** have ************ ** *** they *** ** ********.

** * ******* ****, if *** ****** *** 16/32 ******* ***** ** even * ** * cameras, *** **** **** to *** ** ********** appliance. ** ********, ** using * ********-**** ********, you *** ****** ** add ********** ** ******** as *** ******, ** VMS ******* ********* ******* a **** ****** ****** per ****** ***** (***-***).

** ******, **** ******* you **** *** ********* skills ** ** ** but *** ***** **** do; **** *** **** it ****** ** ***** the ************ ****** **** more *******, ****** **********, longer *******, ***.

**** ********* ******* *** offer ******** ***/*** ******* options ** ****** ******* storage ********, *** ***** do *** *** **** throughput ********, **** ****** retention *****.

Appliances ****** *** ***** ****** ***********

*** ***** **** *** setting ** *** ******** is ****** ********, ******* the ******* ** ******** 4 ** ** *******. It ***** **** * hours ** *** ** a ******* ********* * cameras *** ******* * for *** ********* ** cameras.

*******, *** **** ** system ************** ** * percentage ** *** ***** job ** **** ****** in *** * ****** deployment. ** ****, ********** are ************ ********** *** sites **** ***** *******. For ********, **** ** a **** *** **** cameras *** **** **** split ****** *** *********, appliances ***** ******* * significant ********* ** ** would ********* *** ***** of ************ *** ********.

VMS **** ****** ** ***** *******

**** ********** *** ******** at ***** ** ******* camera ****** - *, 9, ** *** ** cameras ***** *** **** common. ** *** **** more ******* ** * given **** ** **** demanding ************ (***** **** resolution ***/** ***** *****), generally ******** **** ** a ****** ****** ** you *** ********* *** hardware *** **** **** demanding *****.

Widely **** ** ******* ***** *** ****

***** ** ** ************ list ** ****** **** or ******* *** *** NVR *************:

  • ********: ******* ** * tightly ********** *** / IP ****** / ***** analytics ********, ************** ** the *** **** *** their *** ****** *** real-time ********* (*** *****,*,*,*).
  • ****: *** ***** ** camera ************ *** ***** the ******* ***-***** ***, Axis ****** * ******* of ***** *** **** are ********* **** ******** used *** ********.
  • *****: * ***** ***** camera ************, **** **** offer **** **** *** widely **** *** ** low-cost *** *** ********** high *******.
  • *****: * ****-******** ***, once *** ** **********'* favorites, *** ******** ** favorability ********* ******** **** ** 2013.
  • *******: *** ** *** earliest ***** *** ***** independent, ******* *** ******* to ** * **** high-end ********, ***** ******* is ************* ** **** of *** ****** *** whose ******** *************** *** frequently ****** ** ********** end-users.
  • ******: * ***** *** rising ****** ************, **** offer ***** *** *** and ******** ******* ****** Network *****'* ***.
  • *********:*** *****'* ******* ***** surveillance ************, ** *** West, **** *** ********* a ***-**** ****** *** NVR ************. ***** ******* makes **** ****** **** but ********* *** ****** *********** by **********'* *******.
  • *********:*** ** *** ******** VMSes, ********* ****** * broad ***** ** *******, from **** ** **********, they ***** ** ***** 'open' ** ***** ** 3rd ***** ******* *** community. **** **** ******** in ************ ** *** past *** ***** *** have ***** ***** ***** offering **** ***** ******* company *******.
  • ******* *****:* ********** *** *** (founded ****), **** ********* OEM ***** ******** ** partners (******, ******* ********). They **** ***** ** favorability ** * *****-**** mid-market *********** ** ***** and *********.
  • ******* (*** ***):*** *** ******* ***** video ************ ************, **** are ******* ** **** camera *** *** *** in *** ****, *** to **** *** *****, their **** **** ******* problems ** ***** *** Hikvision.

*** **** ************ ** *** ***** Management ******** (***) ************ * **** ******** listing ** *** *************.

Comments (17)

******* (*** ***):*** *** ******* ***** video ************ ************, **** are ******* ** **** camera *** *** *** in *** ****, *** to **** *** *****, their **** **** ******* problems ** ***** *** Hikvision.

** ***** ** ******* to ******* **** ******** their *** ***?

**: *********** ****: *****...

Agree
Disagree
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Funny

************ / ******** *** Video ************:

*****- ************** *** ***** ********* and *****, **** ** a ********** *** ** refer ** *** *** giant *** ************* **** discussing ****** ** ******* that *** *** ********* are **** ********* ******* in

**** **** ** *** coined ** ***** *******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 2
Unhelpful
Funny: 1

* ***** ****** "********" since ** ***** *** or ****. :*

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 2
Unhelpful
Funny

*******, * **** ** funny **** *****'* **** (大华)********* ***** "*** *****".

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny: 4

*** ***** ** ******** You

Agree
Disagree
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Funny: 7

*** ***** *********** , splendid, ********* ***** ***** lines. ** ** **** an ************ *** *** country's ****. ** ***** case, * ***** **** were ***** *** ******* of *** *** ********.

***** ** "***** *** gong ** ***" , not **** *** :)

******* *** **** **** this *********** ** *** like ******* :

******** ***** - *** World ************

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny: 1

*** ***** *********** , splendid, ********* ***** ***** lines.

**, 华 (**á) ** an ******* ******* **** for ***** **** **** carries *** ******* ** magnificent, ********, ***.

** *** "***** *** gong ** ***", **** you **** **国 (**ō** **á *é* mín *ò** *é **ó) which ****** *** *** PRC / ******'* ******** of *****, *** ****** China.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 3
Unhelpful
Funny: 1

*** ** ** ************ of ***** ***. ** doesn't ***** ** ******. when ******* ****** ***** to ***** ******* *** zhong ***, *** *** guo.

******* ** *******, **** country ** *** ****** states ** *******, ***'** say "*'* **** *** states " ** "*'* from ******* ", *** won't *** "*'* **** United "

Agree
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Informative: 1
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Funny

*** ***'* *** "*'* from ****** "

****** **** *** **** America, ** *** ***. (**á)**** **** *****.

Agree
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Informative
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Funny

***, **** ******* ** going *****! ****, **** of *** *** *****... It ******* ** **** you *** ** *** how *** ***** ******* it **** ***** **********.

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Informative: 1
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Funny: 1

**** **** ** *** coined ** ***** *******.

***** ** ****, ** was*******:)

Agree
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Funny

****'* * ******* ****** to *** ***** **** of **** ******** (******* from ****):******* *** ******

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Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny

******, **** **** * look.

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Funny

* **** **** ** say, * **** *** entire **** *** ***** between **** *** *********** #2.

*** * **** ** say, * **** ** seconds ** ** ****. LOL.

****, *** *** *** 30 ******* **** ** subscription ** ********* ** for *** **** **** browsing **** *******? ***

Agree
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Funny: 2

**** ***,

*** ** **** *** to **** **** ?

*******

Agree
Disagree
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Funny

**** *** ** *** solid *** **** ** configure ** **** ** create **** *** ****** layouts *** *********** *** alerts?

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***** ******** ******, ** many ***** **** ***** strong/deep ******* **** *** mapping, **** ** **** less "****-***-****" *************:

** *** **** * general **** *** **** types ** *********** *** alerts *** *** ******* for?

***** **** ** *** VMS/VSaaS ********** **** **** fewer *****, ***** ******* to *********, ********* **** limited/basic *******:

Agree
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