China Uyghur Analytic Projects Require Intel And NVIDIA, Intel Condemns, NVIDIA Silent

By: IPVM Team, Published on Dec 02, 2019

At least 8 PRC China police projects require NVIDIA and Intel chips to power their Uyghur-detecting analytics, according to procurement documents found by IPVM.

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Intel promptly condemned the usage while NVIDIA remains silent to IPVM inquiries. Intel told IPVM it had no idea about this and condemned human rights abusing applications of their products, adding that it did not always have control over where its chips end up. NVIDIA, which has heavily promoted Tesla GPUs for PRC smart cities in the past, did not respond to repeated requests for comment from IPVM.

Meanwhile, the PRC government has increasingly promoted the use of its own domestic chips, in sharp contrast to the ongoing requirements for US chips in these video surveillance projects.

In this note, we examine this news and the human rights concerns, including:

  • Background: Ethnicity Analytics in the PRC
  • Evidence Of Ethnicity Analytics Mandated from the Top
  • Examples: 8 Separate Police Projects
  • Western Equipment Easily Available
  • Not Subject to Sanctions
  • Intel: "Opposes Any Abuse of Human Rights", Can't Always Control Where Chips End Up
  • NVIDIA No Response, Previously Touted Tesla GPUs for China Smart Cities
  • Amnesty International: "Extra Precautions" Needed for AI Equipment

Background: ********* ********* ** *** ***

*** *** ********** ** cracking **** ** ***'* Uyghur ****** ********, ********** them *********** *************** ******* ** ***** a ******* ** **-****** '**-********* *****'.

**** ***** ********** ************ requirements *** ** ***** a ***** ***************** ********* ** ******** Uyghurs ****** *** *******.

Eight ********** ***** *** ******

** *** ** *****, eight ******** *** ****** projects ******** ******/***** ********* to ***** ***** *******, particularly******'* ***** ****** ****.*** ** *** ******** were ********** ******, **** 2018 *** ****.

Jinyun ******

*** ****** ******** ****** (police **********) ** ****** County ** ******** ************** ** ********* ********** * ***** ************ network ***** ******** ****** analytics *** ****** *** an ****** ***** *** and ***** *****:

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********** **** *******, **** spec ***** (******** *****):

******* ******** ********** ** people’s ***, ***, ******* they **** *******, ******* they **** **** *****, whether **** **** **********, andwhether **** *** *******.

*** ******* *******, **** is *** **** **** translated **** *******:

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Lankao ******

****** ****** ** ***** Province ****** ************ *********** * ***** ************ network ***** ******** * "live **** ********** ******" allowing ****** ** ****** for *******:

★*** ****** ******** ********* functions *** **** ****-**** and ******** ***** ***** captures. ****** ******** ******** time, ********, ***** ******** (such ** *** *****,ethnicity (******), mask, bangs, sex, glasses, etc).

**** ********** ****** ******** eight ****** ***** ** GPUs *** *** ***** E5 **** ****:

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Gansu ********

* ***** ********** ******************* * ************ ******* includes * "****-*********** **** recognition ******** ******" **** Uyghur *********:

(**): ******** ********* ******** of ******** ***** [...] including ***, ******,ethnicity (*** *** ******), color of clothes and pants, movement direction, whether or not [wearing] a backpack, whether using an umbrella;

**** ****** ******** ****** Tesla **** *** ***** CPUs:

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Yongtai ******

******* ****** ** ****** province****** ************ * ************ ******* for *** *** ***** mandates ****** *********:

** ***** ** **** the ****** **** *********** screen *******, *** ****** should ** **** ** model **** ******** *** classify *** ********. *** police ************* *** *** a ****** ** ********* classifications ** ****** *******-**, such ** ***, ******, whether **** *** ******* glasses,or ******* **** *** *******, so as to quickly locate the profile information of the suspect.

*** ******* ******** ****** Tesla **** *** ***** chips:

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Yanghe *** ********

****** *** ******** ** Jiangsu ************** * ******* ** '*********** *********' project ***** ** *** local *** ***** ******** Uyghur *********:

**** ******** ********** ******: The ****** ******** **** detection ********: ******* ********* recognition ** ******** *******-**; support ******** ** ******** age, *** *****, ********* attributes, ******, ******* ******* glasses,or *******;

****** ***** ** **** and ***** ***** *** requested *** *** *******'* servers:

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Jingbian ******

******** ****** ** ******* province****** *** ************ *** ***** ***, including ** "*********** ******** capture *******" **** ****** analytics:

★ *****/***-****** *********: ** should ******* *** ********* of ******/***-****** ****** **********

*** "*******" (****** * server, ******** **** ** not ********** ******) ******** Intel *** ****** *****:

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Zibo ****

**** ****'* ****** ******** Bureau (***** ******)****** * ******* ********* *** *** video ******** ********, ***** mandates ****** *********:

*********: ****** ******* *** identification **Han, ******, *****

** *** *******'* ********* list *** ***** ***** and **** **** ****** Pascal ************:

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*********

********* ************ ****** * tender *** * "****** security ***** ************ *******" in ***'** ******** ***** included ***** ***** *** a ****** ******* ** detecting *******:

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*** ********** ******* **** reads "******* **** *** Uyghurs"; *** ***** *** a ****** ***********:

******** ******* ** *** persons [...] ******* ************** of ******** ********, *** search ********* ** ******** including: ******, ***, ******* [they ****] *******, **********, whether [**** ****] *****,whether **** *** *******

"*** *******" ** * commonly-used **** ** *** security ***** ****** ** Uyghurs *** ***** ****** that ****** ******* *** "suspected ** *********** ******** security ** ****** *****", as******** ** ******* ****** magazine.

***** ** *** ********, NVIDIA ***** ****/***** **** are ********* *** * server ******* ** "******* extraction":

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Huaiyuan ******

*** *** ** ******** County ** ***** ************** **** "******** *********** ******" which ******** ****** *********:

********* ******** **************: ** has *** ******** ** identifying *** ****** ******(including *** *** *****) in the uploaded images

*** ******'* ******* *** Intel **** *** * NVIDIA ******* ***:

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Western ********* ****** *********

***** **** *** ****** GPUs *** ****** ********* almost ******** ** *** world. *** *******, ******'* Tesla **** *** **** to ******** ** ******* (China's ********** ** ******):

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*** **** ******, ***** and ****** ***** ***** used *** ****** ********* is *** ********** ** Hikvision ** *****, *** have******** *** **** $* billion** ***** ************ ******** in ********.

Not ******* ** *********

*** ** ***************** *********** ********* *** ***** last ***** *** ***** role ** ******** ************. However, * ***** *** being **** ** *** police *** ****** ********* is *** *******/************, ** long ** *** ****** are *** ** ******** itself.

**** ** ******* *** US ********* **** ***** supplying ** ********** ** specific ******* ********* *** police *********** ** ******** itself. *******, *** ***'* policies ******* ******* ****** far ****** ********, ***** many ******* **** ******** within *** *** - hence *** *** ** Uyghur ********* ** ****** all **** *** *******.

Intel: "******* *** ***** ** ***** ******", ***'* ****** ******* ***** ***** *** **

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***** **** **** *** following *********, ****** "** do *** ****** **** nor *** ** *******" the ***-*** ** ***** equipment:

*****opposes *** ***** ** ***** ****** and has a policy to not ship any products in situations such as these unless we have high confidence that our products are not being used in connection with human rights abuses. Intel processors are general-purpose computing products that can be incorporated into countless systems and applications, and Intel products are resold through a large number of distributors and OEMs. We ** *** ****** **** *** *** ** ******* what products our customers create or the applications end-users may develop. Notably, *** ***’* *** **** *** ******** ** ******, *** *****. [emphasis added]

NVIDIA ** ********, ********** ****** ***** **** *** *** ***** ******

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****** *** *** ******* to ******** ******** *** comment **** ****. *** **** **** ********* *** ********** ***** city *******, ****** ******** the *** ** ***** GPUs ** *****, **** Hikvision **** ******** ***** "outstanding ***********":

[...] ******** * ******** demonstration ** **** ********** makes ********, ********* *** achieved ****** ***** ** more **** ** ******* for *** ************** *** matching ********** ******* **** volumes ******* ** **** than ***. **** ***** it ****** ** **** lost ****** ** ******* places. ** ******* ****, Hikvision ******** * ****** and ******* ***** ******** with ************** *** ****, ***** servers ******* **NVIDIA accelerators

“The ***’* *********** *********** and NVIDIA’s end-to-end AI and deep learning platform can be applied to video streams to create smarter applications for a variety of industries,” said Shiliang Pu, president at Hikvision Research Institute.

*********, ******’* ***** ******* management (***) ******* ** equipped ****Tesla ** *** ************, improving overall performance by 22x.

** ** *****, **** September **** **** **** predates *** ********* ** Xinjiang ** ** ************* human ****** ****** *** the ** ********* ** Huawei/Hikvision/etc.

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Amnesty *************: "***** ***********" ****** *** ** *********

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*** ******, * ********** *** Amnesty *************'* ********** ********, told **** **** *********/*********** need ** **** "***** precautions" ** **** ** equipment ***'* **** ** fuel ********** ** *** PRC ***** "********** ****** discrimination" *****:

*********** *** ************* ********** companies **** **** **** extra *********** ** ******* the **** **** **** AI ********** **** **** serious ***** ****** ****** in ******** ****** ********** Region ** ********* ** China. ****** **** ****** that ******* ** ******** advanced ********** *** ******** scrutinized *** ***** ****** risks. ********* **** * responsibility ** ******* *** human ****** ******** **** operate ** *** *****, but ***** *** ******* state ** ************ ** Xinjiang, *** ********** ****** discrimination ****** *****, ********* should ** ** ****** to ****** **** ***** technology *****’* ********** ** these ******.

*** *********, ******, ** how **** *** ** done ***** *** ****** available ***** ***** ***.

PRC ***** ******* ** ** ****?

*** ***** ** *** widespread *********** ** ** chips, **** ** ***** and ******, ** ***** recent ************ ********, ** that *** *** ********** has **** ********** *** the *** ** ******** semiconductors, ******* ** ** ones.

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******, ** / ******** expert**** *********** ****:

***** [*****, ******] *** definitely *** **** ******** chips ****** *** **** learning ** *** ******* market *** * ****** think **** ** **** were *******, ***** ***** just **** ****** *** I ******* **** ***** are ****** ********* ******* working ** ********** ***** own ********.

** ** ********** **** PRC ********* *** *** it ** ******* *** long ** *** ********** PRC ********* **** **. By ********,*** *** ******** ******** how ****** ** ******** to **** *********** ******* US *****.

***********

*** **** **** *** police *** ***** ** technology ** ***** ***** Uyghur ********* ***** ** several ***********:

  • **** ** *** ***, Western-made ** ******** *** other ********** *** **** explicitly ******/************* ***-****, ********** of *** ******/****** ** the ******** ************.
  • ******* *** ***'***************** **** ****-***********, ** remains ******* ********* ** US ***** & ****, even ** ********* ****** projects. *** ***** ******** project ******** ** **** even ******** "********** ********" algorithms *** *** *****.
  • ***** *** ***** ****** concerns **** *** *******, placing ******** ** **** equipment ***** ** *********. NVIDIA **** ********** ** graphics ***** *** ****** and ****** **** **** to ****** ** ********* everyone, **** ** *** end *** ** ****** detection *** *** ************. Intel **********, ** ******, are **** ********** ****** and **** ** *** all **** *** *****.

*** **** ** ** video ************ ** ********** ethical ****** *** ********* for **** ********** ********** and *********** *********.

Comments (7)

***** ** ******* **** fire, ***** ****** ** bypass ******* *** ****** from ******* ** ** China. **** ***** *** successfully ****** ****** **********, they **** **** *** back ** **** ** Huang ** ***** *** AI ***** ** **** in *****.

** ****** ******* *** detection ** ******/***-****** ****** attributes...

**** ******** ******** ********* support ****** **************?

** ************ ********* **** we **** **** ** the ****. *'** *** Charles ******* **** ** being ******* ****** ** China.

*****’* ********:

******* ***** ***, ******* IPVM, ******* *********** ******** industry **** ************ (***** i ****, *** **** with **).

*** ******* **** ****** their ********* **** **** to *** *** ****,

”** **** **** ******* of *** ********** ***** for ****** *********** ******* in ******. **** ********** were ********* ** * tool ***** ** *** IPVM **********. *** *** aware ** ****, *** will *** ******* ** deny **** *** ** the ******?”

**** *** ******* ** deny **** *** ** the ******?

** ********* ** *****, ***** *********** ****** such *** **** ***.

****, *** ********** **** not ** ******** ************ for ****** *********** ** not ***** *** ** could **** ** ********* how ** ** ****.

**** ****, ** ***** take *** **** ******** as *****, ********** **** use.

** ** ***** ******** the ******** **** *** using ** ***** *** SenseTime ****** *********** ******.

***** ****** ************** ************ of ***** ******* *** face ********* *** **** close ** *** **** expertly ******** ****, ***** both ******* *** ** GPU *** *** *** Intel ***** ***'*. ***** software ** ***** *** CUDA **** ** *** GPU ** ******* *** detections.

*** * *. ***** E5 ***. ****** ********.

**** *** * ************* researched ******* - **** done - **** *********** and * ******** ** manufacturers **** **** ****** hide **** **** *** doing **: ************* ********** (there’s ****** * ***** if *** ****** *** money/shipping ********).

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