China Uyghur Analytic Projects Require Intel And NVIDIA, Intel Condemns, NVIDIA Silent

By: IPVM Team, Published on Dec 02, 2019

At least 8 PRC China police projects require NVIDIA and Intel chips to power their Uyghur-detecting analytics, according to procurement documents found by IPVM.

Intel promptly condemned the usage while NVIDIA remains silent to IPVM inquiries. Intel told IPVM it had no idea about this and condemned human rights abusing applications of their products, adding that it did not always have control over where its chips end up. NVIDIA, which has heavily promoted Tesla GPUs for PRC smart cities in the past, did not respond to repeated requests for comment from IPVM.

Meanwhile, the PRC government has increasingly promoted the use of its own domestic chips, in sharp contrast to the ongoing requirements for US chips in these video surveillance projects.

In this note, we examine this news and the human rights concerns, including:

  • Background: Ethnicity Analytics in the PRC
  • Evidence Of Ethnicity Analytics Mandated from the Top
  • Examples: 8 Separate Police Projects
  • Western Equipment Easily Available
  • Not Subject to Sanctions
  • Intel: "Opposes Any Abuse of Human Rights", Can't Always Control Where Chips End Up
  • NVIDIA No Response, Previously Touted Tesla GPUs for China Smart Cities
  • Amnesty International: "Extra Precautions" Needed for AI Equipment

** ***** * *** China ****** ******** ******* NVIDIA *** ***** ***** to ***** ***** ******-********* analytics, ********* ** *********** documents ***** ** ****.

***** ******** ********* *** usage ***** ****** ******* silent ** **** *********. Intel **** **** ** had ** **** ***** this *** ********* ***** rights ******* ************ ** their ********, ****** **** it *** *** ****** have ******* **** ***** its ***** *** **. NVIDIA, ***** *** ******* promoted ***** **** *** PRC ***** ****** ** the ****, *** *** respond ** ******** ******** for ******* **** ****.

*********, *** *** ********** has ************ ******** *** use ** *** *** domestic *****, ** ***** contrast ** *** ******* requirements *** ** ***** in ***** ***** ************ projects.

** **** ****, ** examine **** **** *** the ***** ****** ********, including:

  • **********: ********* ********* ** the ***
  • ******** ** ********* ********* Mandated **** *** ***
  • ********: * ******** ****** Projects
  • ******* ********* ****** *********
  • *** ******* ** *********
  • *****: "******* *** ***** of ***** ******", ***'* Always ******* ***** ***** End **
  • ****** ** ********, ********** Touted ***** **** *** China ***** ******
  • ******* *************: "***** ***********" Needed *** ** *********

[***************]

Background: ********* ********* ** *** ***

*** *** ********** ** cracking **** ** ***'* Uyghur ****** ********, ********** them *********** *************** ******* ** ***** a ******* ** **-****** '**-********* *****'.

**** ***** ********** ************ requirements *** ** ***** a ***** ***************** ********* ** ******** Uyghurs ****** *** *******.

Eight ********** ***** *** ******

** *** ** *****, eight ******** *** ****** projects ******** ******/***** ********* to ***** ***** *******, particularly******'* ***** ****** ****.*** ** *** ******** were ********** ******, **** 2018 *** ****.

Jinyun ******

*** ****** ******** ****** (police **********) ** ****** County ** ******** ************** ** ********* ********** * ***** ************ network ***** ******** ****** analytics *** ****** *** an ****** ***** *** and ***** *****:

********** **** *******, **** spec ***** (******** *****):

******* ******** ********** ** people’s ***, ***, ******* they **** *******, ******* they **** **** *****, whether **** **** **********, andwhether **** *** *******.

*** ******* *******, **** is *** **** **** translated **** *******:

Lankao ******

****** ****** ** ***** Province ****** ************ *********** * ***** ************ network ***** ******** * "live **** ********** ******" allowing ****** ** ****** for *******:

★*** ****** ******** ********* functions *** **** ****-**** and ******** ***** ***** captures. ****** ******** ******** time, ********, ***** ******** (such ** *** *****,ethnicity (******), mask, bangs, sex, glasses, etc).

**** ********** ****** ******** eight ****** ***** ** GPUs *** *** ***** E5 **** ****:

Gansu ********

* ***** ********** ******************* * ************ ******* includes * "****-*********** **** recognition ******** ******" **** Uyghur *********:

(**): ******** ********* ******** of ******** ***** [...] including ***, ******,ethnicity (*** *** ******), color of clothes and pants, movement direction, whether or not [wearing] a backpack, whether using an umbrella;

**** ****** ******** ****** Tesla **** *** ***** CPUs:

Yongtai ******

******* ****** ** ****** province****** ************ * ************ ******* for *** *** ***** mandates ****** *********:

** ***** ** **** the ****** **** *********** screen *******, *** ****** should ** **** ** model **** ******** *** classify *** ********. *** police ************* *** *** a ****** ** ********* classifications ** ****** *******-**, such ** ***, ******, whether **** *** ******* glasses,or ******* **** *** *******, so as to quickly locate the profile information of the suspect.

*** ******* ******** ****** Tesla **** *** ***** chips:

Yanghe *** ********

****** *** ******** ** Jiangsu ************** * ******* ** '*********** *********' project ***** ** *** local *** ***** ******** Uyghur *********:

**** ******** ********** ******: The ****** ******** **** detection ********: ******* ********* recognition ** ******** *******-**; support ******** ** ******** age, *** *****, ********* attributes, ******, ******* ******* glasses,or *******;

****** ***** ** **** and ***** ***** *** requested *** *** *******'* servers:

Jingbian ******

******** ****** ** ******* province****** *** ************ *** ***** ***, including ** "*********** ******** capture *******" **** ****** analytics:

★ *****/***-****** *********: ** should ******* *** ********* of ******/***-****** ****** **********

*** "*******" (****** * server, ******** **** ** not ********** ******) ******** Intel *** ****** *****:

Zibo ****

**** ****'* ****** ******** Bureau (***** ******)****** * ******* ********* *** *** video ******** ********, ***** mandates ****** *********:

*********: ****** ******* *** identification **Han, ******, *****

** *** *******'* ********* list *** ***** ***** and **** **** ****** Pascal ************:

*********

********* ************ ****** * tender *** * "****** security ***** ************ *******" in ***'** ******** ***** included ***** ***** *** a ****** ******* ** detecting *******:

*** ********** ******* **** reads "******* **** *** Uyghurs"; *** ***** *** a ****** ***********:

******** ******* ** *** persons [...] ******* ************** of ******** ********, *** search ********* ** ******** including: ******, ***, ******* [they ****] *******, **********, whether [**** ****] *****,whether **** *** *******

"*** *******" ** * commonly-used **** ** *** security ***** ****** ** Uyghurs *** ***** ****** that ****** ******* *** "suspected ** *********** ******** security ** ****** *****", as******** ** ******* ****** magazine.

***** ** *** ********, NVIDIA ***** ****/***** **** are ********* *** * server ******* ** "******* extraction":

Huaiyuan ******

*** *** ** ******** County ** ***** ************** **** "******** *********** ******" which ******** ****** *********:

********* ******** **************: ** has *** ******** ** identifying *** ****** ******(including *** *** *****) in the uploaded images

*** ******'* ******* *** Intel **** *** * NVIDIA ******* ***:

Western ********* ****** *********

***** **** *** ****** GPUs *** ****** ********* almost ******** ** *** world. *** *******, ******'* Tesla **** *** **** to ******** ** ******* (China's ********** ** ******):

*** **** ******, ***** and ****** ***** ***** used *** ****** ********* is *** ********** ** Hikvision ** *****, *** have******** *** **** $* billion** ***** ************ ******** in ********.

Not ******* ** *********

*** ** ***************** *********** ********* *** ***** last ***** *** ***** role ** ******** ************. However, * ***** *** being **** ** *** police *** ****** ********* is *** *******/************, ** long ** *** ****** are *** ** ******** itself.

**** ** ******* *** US ********* **** ***** supplying ** ********** ** specific ******* ********* *** police *********** ** ******** itself. *******, *** ***'* policies ******* ******* ****** far ****** ********, ***** many ******* **** ******** within *** *** - hence *** *** ** Uyghur ********* ** ****** all **** *** *******.

Intel: "******* *** ***** ** ***** ******", ***'* ****** ******* ***** ***** *** **

***** **** **** *** following *********, ****** "** do *** ****** **** nor *** ** *******" the ***-*** ** ***** equipment:

*****opposes *** ***** ** ***** ****** and has a policy to not ship any products in situations such as these unless we have high confidence that our products are not being used in connection with human rights abuses. Intel processors are general-purpose computing products that can be incorporated into countless systems and applications, and Intel products are resold through a large number of distributors and OEMs. We ** *** ****** **** *** *** ** ******* what products our customers create or the applications end-users may develop. Notably, *** ***’* *** **** *** ******** ** ******, *** *****. [emphasis added]

NVIDIA ** ********, ********** ****** ***** **** *** *** ***** ******

****** *** *** ******* to ******** ******** *** comment **** ****. *** **** **** ********* *** ********** ***** city *******, ****** ******** the *** ** ***** GPUs ** *****, **** Hikvision **** ******** ***** "outstanding ***********":

[...] ******** * ******** demonstration ** **** ********** makes ********, ********* *** achieved ****** ***** ** more **** ** ******* for *** ************** *** matching ********** ******* **** volumes ******* ** **** than ***. **** ***** it ****** ** **** lost ****** ** ******* places. ** ******* ****, Hikvision ******** * ****** and ******* ***** ******** with ************** *** ****, ***** servers ******* **NVIDIA accelerators

“The ***’* *********** *********** and NVIDIA’s end-to-end AI and deep learning platform can be applied to video streams to create smarter applications for a variety of industries,” said Shiliang Pu, president at Hikvision Research Institute.

*********, ******’* ***** ******* management (***) ******* ** equipped ****Tesla ** *** ************, improving overall performance by 22x.

** ** *****, **** September **** **** **** predates *** ********* ** Xinjiang ** ** ************* human ****** ****** *** the ** ********* ** Huawei/Hikvision/etc.

Amnesty *************: "***** ***********" ****** *** ** *********

*** ******, * ********** *** Amnesty *************'* ********** ********, told **** **** *********/*********** need ** **** "***** precautions" ** **** ** equipment ***'* **** ** fuel ********** ** *** PRC ***** "********** ****** discrimination" *****:

*********** *** ************* ********** companies **** **** **** extra *********** ** ******* the **** **** **** AI ********** **** **** serious ***** ****** ****** in ******** ****** ********** Region ** ********* ** China. ****** **** ****** that ******* ** ******** advanced ********** *** ******** scrutinized *** ***** ****** risks. ********* **** * responsibility ** ******* *** human ****** ******** **** operate ** *** *****, but ***** *** ******* state ** ************ ** Xinjiang, *** ********** ****** discrimination ****** *****, ********* should ** ** ****** to ****** **** ***** technology *****’* ********** ** these ******.

*** *********, ******, ** how **** *** ** done ***** *** ****** available ***** ***** ***.

PRC ***** ******* ** ** ****?

*** ***** ** *** widespread *********** ** ** chips, **** ** ***** and ******, ** ***** recent ************ ********, ** that *** *** ********** has **** ********** *** the *** ** ******** semiconductors, ******* ** ** ones.

******, ** / ******** expert**** *********** ****:

***** [*****, ******] *** definitely *** **** ******** chips ****** *** **** learning ** *** ******* market *** * ****** think **** ** **** were *******, ***** ***** just **** ****** *** I ******* **** ***** are ****** ********* ******* working ** ********** ***** own ********.

** ** ********** **** PRC ********* *** *** it ** ******* *** long ** *** ********** PRC ********* **** **. By ********,*** *** ******** ******** how ****** ** ******** to **** *********** ******* US *****.

***********

*** **** **** *** police *** ***** ** technology ** ***** ***** Uyghur ********* ***** ** several ***********:

  • **** ** *** ***, Western-made ** ******** *** other ********** *** **** explicitly ******/************* ***-****, ********** of *** ******/****** ** the ******** ************.
  • ******* *** ***'***************** **** ****-***********, ** remains ******* ********* ** US ***** & ****, even ** ********* ****** projects. *** ***** ******** project ******** ** **** even ******** "********** ********" algorithms *** *** *****.
  • ***** *** ***** ****** concerns **** *** *******, placing ******** ** **** equipment ***** ** *********. NVIDIA **** ********** ** graphics ***** *** ****** and ****** **** **** to ****** ** ********* everyone, **** ** *** end *** ** ****** detection *** *** ************. Intel **********, ** ******, are **** ********** ****** and **** ** *** all **** *** *****.

*** **** ** ** video ************ ** ********** ethical ****** *** ********* for **** ********** ********** and *********** *********.

Comments (7)

***** ** ******* **** fire, ***** ****** ** bypass ******* *** ****** from ******* ** ** China. **** ***** *** successfully ****** ****** **********, they **** **** *** back ** **** ** Huang ** ***** *** AI ***** ** **** in *****.

** ****** ******* *** detection ** ******/***-****** ****** attributes...

**** ******** ******** ********* support ****** **************?

** ************ ********* **** we **** **** ** the ****. *'** *** Charles ******* **** ** being ******* ****** ** China.

*****’* ********:

******* ***** ***, ******* IPVM, ******* *********** ******** industry **** ************ (***** i ****, *** **** with **).

*** ******* **** ****** their ********* **** **** to *** *** ****,

”** **** **** ******* of *** ********** ***** for ****** *********** ******* in ******. **** ********** were ********* ** * tool ***** ** *** IPVM **********. *** *** aware ** ****, *** will *** ******* ** deny **** *** ** the ******?”

**** *** ******* ** deny **** *** ** the ******?

** ********* ** *****, ***** *********** ****** such *** **** ***.

****, *** ********** **** not ** ******** ************ for ****** *********** ** not ***** *** ** could **** ** ********* how ** ** ****.

**** ****, ** ***** take *** **** ******** as *****, ********** **** use.

** ** ***** ******** the ******** **** *** using ** ***** *** SenseTime ****** *********** ******.

***** ****** ************** ************ of ***** ******* *** face ********* *** **** close ** *** **** expertly ******** ****, ***** both ******* *** ** GPU *** *** *** Intel ***** ***'*. ***** software ** ***** *** CUDA **** ** *** GPU ** ******* *** detections.

*** * *. ***** E5 ***. ****** ********.

**** *** * ************* researched ******* - **** done - **** *********** and * ******** ** manufacturers **** **** ****** hide **** **** *** doing **: ************* ********** (there’s ****** * ***** if *** ****** *** money/shipping ********).

Login to read this IPVM report.
Why do I need to log in?
IPVM conducts unique testing and research funded by member's payments enabling us to offer the most independent, accurate and in-depth information.

Related Reports

Massive Leak Of Chinese VMS Provider Exposes Xinjiang Surveillance on Feb 20, 2019
A subsidiary of China’s claimed largest VMS provider is tracking the precise location and ethnicity of millions in China’s Xinjiang region,...
Hikvision Chairman Warns Of AI New Entrants Victimizing Customers on Mar 12, 2019
Hikvision chairman Chen Zongnian has warned that customers will become “victims” of AI hype from new industry entrants, even saying such newcomers...
Hikvision AI Problems Criticized By Chinese Publication on Apr 09, 2019
Hikvision's facial recognition works poorly, causes delays and worsens learning, according to a new investigation by one of China's leading...
"Automated Racism": Chinese Tech Companies Profiling Ethnic Minority on Apr 26, 2019
Scrutiny of Chinese facial recognition providers, including Hikvision, has sharply increased following a New York Times report that they developed...
11 Facial Recognition Providers Review (Secutech) on May 09, 2019
Adding to our 19 Facial Recognition Providers Profiled report from ISC West, IPVM focused on facial recognition technology for our Day 2 coverage...
China Jaywalking Facial Recognition Guide on May 27, 2019
News reports touting the PRC's AI prowess often showcase facial recognition cameras being used to automatically catch and fine jaywalkers. In...
US Considers Sanctions Against Hikvision and Dahua on May 22, 2019
The US government is considering blacklisting "up to 5" PRC surveillance firms, including Hikvision and Dahua, Bloomberg reported, with human...
Critiquing Carnegie's AI Surveillance Paper on Sep 25, 2019
The Carnegie Endowment has issued an ambitious paper on the Global Expansion of AI Surveillance. While its aim is applaudable, the paper has...
China Government Spreads Uyghur Analytics Across China on Nov 25, 2019
IPVM has found 12 recent government projects across China (PRC) that require Uyghur analytics and a general government guideline requiring such...
Hikvision Markets Uyghur Ethnicity Analytics, Now Covers Up on Nov 11, 2019
Hikvision has marketed an AI camera that automatically identifies Uyghurs, on its China website, only covering it up days ago after IPVM questioned...

Most Recent Industry Reports

Hazardous & Explosion Proof Access Control Tutorial on Feb 27, 2020
Controlling access to hazardous environments requires equipment meeting specific ratings that certify they will not start fires or will not...
Motorola / Avigilon Drops ISC West on Feb 26, 2020
Motorola Solutions has pulled out of ISC West 2020 effective immediately, because of coronavirus concerns, IPVM has learned. This is done amidst...
Cancel or Not? Industry Split Over ISC West on Feb 26, 2020
The industry is split, polarized, over whether ISC West 2020 should run or be canceled. New IPVM survey results of 400+ respondents show heated...
Coronavirus Hits Sony, Bosch Says Switch on Feb 26, 2020
Sony's fall in video surveillance has been severe over the past decade. Now, they may be done. In this note, we examine Bosch's new...
Video Surveillance Cameras 101 on Feb 25, 2020
Cameras come in many shapes, sizes and specifications. This 101 examines the basics of cameras and features used in 2020. In this report, we...
Favorite Video Analytic Manufacturers 2020 on Feb 25, 2020
Video analytics is now as hot as ever, driven by the excitement of advancing deep learning offers. But what are actually integrator's...
Latest London Police Facial Recognition Suffers Serious Issues on Feb 24, 2020
On February 20, IPVM visited another live face rec deployment by London police, but this time the system was thwarted by technical problems and...
Masks Cause Major Facial Recognition Problems on Feb 24, 2020
Coronavirus is spurring an increase in the use of medical masks, which new IPVM test results show cause major problems for facial recognition...
Every VMS Will Become a VSaaS on Feb 21, 2020
VMS is ending. Soon every VMS will be a VSaaS. Competitive dynamics will be redrawn. What does this mean? VMS Historically...
Video Surveillance 101 Course - Last Chance on Feb 20, 2020
This is the last chance to join IPVM's first Video Surveillance 101 course, designed to help those new to the industry to quickly understand the...