The Codes Behind Access Control

Author: Brian Rhodes, Published on Mar 27, 2013

In Electronic Access Control, there is one basic rule: Life safety above all else. While simple, this rule often appears to be at odds with the purpose of the system; keeping an area secure. When combined with the huge number of building opening possibilities, the basic rules quickly grow complex. Addressing the potential variations is the job of Codes, or 'design guidelines' adopted as law. In this note, we look at the major codes dictating access control work (including NFPA101, NFPA72, and IBC), discussing what these codes mean in practice, and how to best avoid issues when designing systems.

This reading has been updated in April 2016 to reflect updated code references.

** ********** ****** *******, ***** ** *** ***** ****: **** safety ***** *** ****. ***** ******, **** **** ***** ******* to ** ** **** **** *** ******* ** *** ******; keeping ** **** ******. **** ******** **** *** **** ****** of ******** ******* *************, *** ***** ***** ******* **** *******. Addressing *** ********* ********** ** *** *** ** *****, ** 'design **********' ******* ** ***. ** **** ****, ** **** at *** ***** ***** ********* ****** ******* **** (********* *******, NFPA72, *** ***), ********** **** ***** ***** **** ** ********, and *** ** **** ***** ****** **** ********* *******.

**** ******* *** **** ******* ** ***** **** ** ******* updated **** **********.

[***************]

The ***** **********

***** * *********** ****** ** ***** *** ** *** *********, most ***** *********** *** ********* ***** **** ****** **** * select *** ** ***** **********. *** ****** *******, ***** ********** are:

  • *******:*** ******** '**** ****** ****' ** *** **** ****** **** source ** ******* ****** ***** ** ******** ************, **********, *** occupancy *******.
  • ******: ******* *** *** **** ******, **** **** ** ********* cited ** ********** ****** ******* ******* ** *** ******* *********** required ******* *** **** ***** *** *** **** ***** ******.
  • ***: *** ************* ******** ****, ** ********* ***** ************* **** *******, ** *** ********* ********* *** ********* *** *********** **** buildings. ** *** ******** ******** ** *** *********, **** ******** resulting ***** **** ** **** ********* **** ******** **** *** source.

******* **** *** *** ******* ******* ***********, ** ** ***** codes *** ***** **** ****** *** ******* *********** ********* ****** control ** *** **.

Not ******** ******

******* **** ***** *****, ********** ******* ******** ** ********* *****, are ******** *** *** ** ****, *** ***** ******** ** an ****** ******* ******** ** ** ********* ***** ********* ** observe *** * ***** *******. ***** ********************** ********** * ******** ***** ****, ********** *** **** ***** ** rules *** ********** *** *** ** *** **** ********* ********* ****.

*******, **** ** ******** *******, *** ****** ** *** ****: life ****** **** ** *********. ** ** *************, ******* ** normal *********, ********* *********, ** **** ********* ***********, *** * door ******* ** ******** **** ******** *** ********. ** **** cases, **** ****** ** ********* ** *** ********** ******** *************, but ** ****** ** ******** ** *** ******** ** ********** access. *** ***** ****, ***** **** ** * ********** ** physical ********. ******* ** ****, **** ******* *** ******* ** Exit ******** *** ********* ******* *** **** ****** *******.

******** ***** *** *********** ****** ** '********* ******' *** **** is *********** *** *** **** *** ** ******* ** *******. In **** ***** '*** **** **** *** *** ***', *** each ******* *** ****** *** **** ********* ** *** ********'* occupancy *** **************.

******* ********* *************** ********* *** ***** ****** ******, *** *** result ** *** ********** ******** ** ********* *** ****** ** be **** ** '******* * ****** ******'. *** *******, * maglock ********** **** *** ** *********** ** *** ******** ****, but ********* ** *******. ********* ***** *** ** **** ** access ********** ** *** *********, *** *** ** *****.

Door ******** *********

***** **** ******** ***************, *** ******** ** * ********** ******* is **** ** ********* *************. *** ***** ** ***** ***** have ******* ************** **** ********* ** **** ** ****** *******:

  • **** *****:*** ******** *** **** **** **** ******* ********; **** ******* an ******** ****** ******** ** ***** **** ** * **** condition. ******* ** **** ********, *** ***** ******* ************, **** doors **** ** ********** ******* ** * **** *** ****** be *** ** ******** *** ********.
  • ********* *****: ******* ********* ***** *** ******, ** ******* ************ ****** during ****** **********, *** ** * **** ***** ***** **** be ******* ** ** ******** ******* * **** ****** ** trapped ** * *********. *** **** ******, ****** ********** ********* doors *** ********** ********** ** ******* ***.
  • "*****" ********** ****** *****:***** ******* **** *********** '**** *********** **' *** ******* ** special *********, *** *** **** ***** ** ********* ** ********* governed ** ****, **** *** **** * '***** ******' *** be (** ** ** *******?) ** ***** ***** *** ** kept ****** ** ******* ************ **** (**: ******* **** **********).

*********** *** ******** **** **** *** ********* *** ******** ********* code ** *****, *** ******* ************ **** ******** *** *********** on ***** ***** **** ** **** ** *****, ****** *** installation **** *********.

Detailed ********

******** ***** *** ******** ********* **** *** ******** ***** ** access ******* ***:

**********, ***** ******* *** ** ********** *** ****** ******* *******, including****** ****,***, *** ********** ********** *****.

Login to read this IPVM report.
Why do I need to log in?
IPVM conducts unique testing and research funded by member's payments enabling us to offer the most independent, accurate and in-depth information.

Related Reports on Access Control

Nortek Mobile Access Reader BluePass Examined on Feb 12, 2019
Nortek's Linear access control division claims to make mobile credentials "more secure and easier to use than ever before" with their BluePass...
HID Launches Origo To Fix Mobile Credential Problems on Feb 05, 2019
HID is releasing Origo, an overhaul of its mobile credential platform, this time drastically restructuring the way it is priced and packaged. HID's...
Designing Access Control Guide on Jan 30, 2019
Designing an access control solution requires decisions on 8 fundamental questions. This in-depth guide helps you understand the options and...
Access Control Turnstiles Guide on Jan 28, 2019
Turnstiles control pedestrian access to secured areas, essentially becoming moving portions of fences, walls, or barricades for physically stop...
Genetec Favorability Report 2019 on Jan 25, 2019
Genetec's favorability moderately strengthed, in new IPVM integrator statistics over their results from 2017, with 2019 results showing solid, but...
Access Control Records Maintenance Guide on Jan 16, 2019
Weeding out old entries, turning off unused credentials, and updating who carries which credentials is as important as to maintaining security as...
Access Control Cabling Tutorial on Jan 15, 2019
Access Control is only as reliable as its cables. While this aspect lacks the sexiness of other components, it remains a vital part of every...
Avigilon Favorability Results 2019 on Jan 15, 2019
Since IPVM's 2017 Avigilon favorability results, the company was acquired by Motorola and has shifted from being an aggressive startup to a more...
Wavelynx Access Control Manufacturer Profile on Jan 10, 2019
Denver-based WaveLynx is not well known as an access reader manufacturer, but OEMs for big industry brands including Amag, Isonas (Allegion),...
Combating Vaping Epidemic - Halo Smart Sensor Profile on Dec 21, 2018
Youth vaping has become an epidemic, according to the US Surgeon General, while the market leader, Juul, just received a $12.8 billion investment...

Most Recent Industry Reports

Exacq Raises VMS Software Pricing Twice in Less Than a Year on Feb 18, 2019
Most VMSes regularly release new features, but rarely increase their prices. For the 3rd time in 4 years, and 2nd time in 8 months, since being...
Axis IR Multi Imager Camera Tested (P3717-PLE) on Feb 18, 2019
Axis has released their first IR multi imager, the P3717-PLE, a repositionable model listing 360° IR illumination and flexible positioning,...
Ubiquiti Favorability Results 2019 on Feb 18, 2019
Ubiquiti has quietly grown into a $1+ billion annual revenue company, with offerings across wireless, wireline network and video surveillance (see...
Casino Surveillance Pro Interview: James Lathrop on Feb 15, 2019
James Lathrop has been working in casinos for almost 25 years. During that time, he says he has held "just about every job you can do in the...
Hikvision 2018 Revenue Tops $7 Billion USD But Growth Slows To Low on Feb 15, 2019
Hikvision's annual revenue topped $7 billion for the first time in 2018, although growth slowed sharply. In this post, we analyze the latest...
Hanwha Smaller Multi Imager Tested (PNM-9000VQ) on Feb 14, 2019
Hanwha's first repositionable multi imager PNM-9081VQ tested well, but was huge, over 12" wide and weighing in at over 10 pounds. Now, they have...
ADT And 'The Defenders' Silent About Massive Complaints on Feb 14, 2019
ADT's largest dealer, "The Defenders" has been the subject of a massive number of complaints over many years and many forums, most recently a CBS...
Hikvision Chairman Praises United Front on Feb 14, 2019
Hikvision’s controlling shareholder held a meeting last month praising the United Front, a Communist Party organization known for its secretive...
Sales Turnover At Anyvision on Feb 13, 2019
Anyvision raised a $43 million Series A and according to their newest investor: what you need to do is push the gas pedal and build an...
Cisco Meraki Cloud VMS/Cameras Tested on Feb 13, 2019
Cisco Meraki says their cameras "bring Meraki magic to the enterprise video security world". According to Meraki, their magic is their management...

The world's leading video surveillance information source, IPVM provides the best reporting, testing and training for 10,000+ members globally. Dedicated to independent and objective information, we uniquely refuse any and all advertisements, sponsorship and consulting from manufacturers.

About | FAQ | Contact