Video Analytic Architecture Considerations

Author: IPVM Team, Published on Oct 08, 2011

Video analytics may be implemented in a number of fundamentally different ways. Many ask: Which one is best? Each has important tradeoffs. Moreover, in our experience, some are far more likely to be accurate as well as simpler to deploy.

Below, we rank and analyze five fundamental approaches (alphabetically):

  • Add-On camera analytics
  • Analytics appliance / encoder
  • Cloud analytics
  • Embedded camera analytics
  • Embedded DVR / NVR / VMS analytics
  • Server based analytics

We also look at recent advancements in video analytics and what may be available in the future.

Let's start with a review of each approach:

***** ********* *** ** *********** ** * ****** ** ************* different ****. **** ***: ***** *** ** ****? **** *** important *********. ********, ** *** **********, **** *** *** **** likely ** ** ******** ** **** ** ******* ** ******.

*****, ** **** *** ******* **** *********** ********** (**************):

  • ***-** ****** *********
  • ********* ********* / *******
  • ***** *********
  • ******** ****** *********
  • ******** *** / *** / *** *********
  • ****** ***** *********

** **** **** ** ****** ************ ** ***** ********* *** what *** ** ********* ** *** ******.

***'* ***** **** * ****** ** **** ********:

[***************]

Add-On ****** *********

**** ** **? ********* ******** ** ****** **** ** ** ******. ***** ** analyzed ****** *** ****** *** ******/****** *** **** ** *** systems *** ******* / **********.

**********

  • *********** ** **** *** ****** ***** ******* *** ***** ** run ********* **.
  • ******* ** ****** ********* ****** ************ ****** **** ***** ****** into * ******** ****** ******.

*************

  • **** * ******* ** ************* ********* ******* ****, **** ******* Axis.  *****, *** ********* ****** * ******* *** **** ********* by **** *******.
  • ********* *** ********* *** ********* *** *** ******** ****** *****.
  • **** ****** **** *** ******** ****** *** ** ********** **** one's ***

****: ****** ***** **** ***** ********* ******* ***** * *******. We ********. ***** ** *** **** *********, **** ** ********* not * *** *******. *** ******* ** ****** *** ***** stream *** ** ***** ******* ****** ** ********* *** ******* using ***** ********* **** *** **** * *** **********.

**** ********* *** ******** ** ****?***** **, ***** **********.

Analytics *********/*******

**** ** **? ******** ******** ** ****** ***** ********* *** ******** ****** *********.  A ********* ******** ****** ******* ******** ******** ******** ** ***** stream **** * ******. 

**********

  • ********* ******* ******** ********* *** ***** ***** **** ******-***** *********.
  • ****** *****/*********** *** ** ******** ******.
  • *** *** ********-***** ********* ** ******* **** ** *** **** the *********/******* ** *** **-***** *********.

*************

  • ****** **** ******** ** ***-** ** ******** *********, *** ** being ********* ********.
  • ***** **** ******* *** ************.
  • *** ** **** ********* ** ************ *** ** *** ** camera ****** *** ********* ******.

**** ********* *** ******** ** ****?******** (******), *** (******). 

Cloud *********

**** ** **? ***** ** **** ** * ***** ******* ******** *** ********.

**********

  • ****** *** ** ********** ****, **** ******* * '*******' ***** stream ***.
  • ***** ******** ***** *********** ** ******* ***** ******* ****** ** add ************ ** ******** **-****.
  • ***** ********* *** ***** **** **** ** ***** **** ** them ** ******* ***** ********* ***********.

*************

  • ******** ********* ** **** ***** ******** ** *** *****, ***** is ***** ******* / *********, ********** ** **** ******* **** a **** *** ***** ****
  • *** ** *********, ********* ******* ******* ****
  • ******* ****** ** ********* *** ******** ****

** *** ****** (******* ****** ****), **** ** ****** ** become * **** ****** ******, **** **** *********.

**** ********* *** ******** ** ****?******* ***** ***,*****,**** ***

Embedded ****** *********

**** ** **? *** ************ ******** *** ************* * ****** **** ***** *** embedded ***** *********.

**********

  • ***********: ************ *** ******** *********** ** ******** ****** ********, ******** and ******.
  • ********** ** *****: ** **** ** ******* ******** ******** ** new ********.
  • ********** ** ************/*******: ***** * ****** ****** ** ****** ****, easier ** *** ***** ******* ***** **** ** *****.
  • ******** ** *** ******* ** ******** *** *******.

*************

  • ******* ** * ******* ** ********* **** ***** ****.
  • ****** **-*** ******** '*******' *******.
  • * *** ***** ************* **** ***** ******** ****** ********* "*********" which ** ********** *** ****** ** *******.

*** ** **** ****** ********* **** *********?

****** *********-**** ******* **** **** **** *** ********** *** *****, generally * ******/**** *** * *********** *********.  **** ******** ****** detection ******* *** ** ** *** ** ************ * ****** tripline-style *****.  

**** ********* **** **** ********-***** *****, **** ** *********, ********* of ******, ** ****** ******* ****** ******.  **** ********* **** also ****** *** *********** ****** **** ****** ** **** ** the *****, ************* **** * ******* **** ****** **** ** smaller **** * ****** ***, *** ****** *********** ***********.  **** true ********* ******* **** **** ****** *******, ******* **** ***** can ** ******* **** ** ******, ** **** ** ********.

**** ********* *** ******** ** ****? *** **** ***** ********* ******** ** ******* - ********, ****, Bosch, ****/*******/*****, **********.

*** ****** ********* ******** ** ***** ********* - **** *** Samsung ***** ******.

Embedded ***/*** *********

**** ** **? ********* ******** ** ***-****** ** * ***/*** ********* ** ****** VMS ********. ************** ****** ******* ***/** **** ** ********* *** their ******* *******.

**********

  • ****** *****: ** ******* ** *****, ** ********** ******** ** install *** ** **** ** ********* **** ******** ********
  • ********** *******: ******* *** ********* *** **** ** *** ******** solution, ********* *** ********'* ****** ******** ****** ********** ******, ****** and/or ********* ******.

*************

  • ******** ******: ******* *** ******** ******** **** *** **** *** quality ** *************** ** *** ******* *********, ** ****** ******** its *********** *** ****** ******** ******.
  • ***** **** ** *******: ***** ********** ******** ** **** **** H.264 ******* ***** ************* ******* ****** ** ***** ******* ****.
  • *********** ***********: ********** ** *** ** ***/*** **********, *** ********* may **** *********** ************ ** ***** *********** ** ******* *********.
  • ********* *** ******: *********, ***** **** ***** ** ********* *** numerous ******* *** ******* **** * ******** ** *****. ********* to ****** **** ** *** *********.

**** ********* *** ******** ** ****? *******, ***.

Server ***** *********

**** ** **?********* ******** ** ****** ** * **/****** **** ** ******** from *** ********/*** ***** ****. ***** ** ******** ** ** the ****** *** ******/****** *** ********* ** *** ********'* ****** or **** **** ** * *** ** **** ******.

**********

  • ****** **** ********* ** *** ****** ** *** ********* ********* inside ******* *** ********* (***** ** ***** *******).
  • ********** *** ****** *** **** ** ** ******** ****** ********** of *** ******* ** ********* ******* ** *********.

*************

  • ******** ****** ******* ***** ** ********.
  • ********* ******* ********* - *** ****** ***** ** ********** ****** from *** ******
  • ******: ******* **** ******** * *** ****** *** *** ******** is *****, **** ***** ** ** *** **** ****** ********.
  • ******** ******: ******* *** ******** ******** **** *** **** *** quality ** *************** ** *** ******* *********, ** ****** ******** performance *** ****** ******** ******.
  • **********: ******* * *** ****** ***** ** ** *** *** integration **** * *** ** **** ***** ** ** *****, this *** ** ***** **** ********* ** *** **.
  • *********** ******* *******: ********** ******/*********** *** ****-**** ****** ***** *** not ** ********* *** *** *** *********

**** ********* *** ******** ** ****?***** ****, ***********, ***, ********

Rating ***** ******** *************

*** ***** **** ***** ******** ****** ********* ** ***** *** most ******** ******* ***********, **** ********* ********** ******** ******* *********** when **** **** ******* *******.

** **** ***** ********* ************* ** *** ********* *****, ******* in **** **** ** * **** ** ***** *** *** absolute:

  1. ******** ********* - ******* *****, ***** ****, ********* ****** *********** *** beware ****** *** ********** ** ** *********.
  2. ********* ********** - **** *********** ** *******, *** ****** *****.
  3. ***-** ********* - ********* ****** ***********, *** ******* ******* *******. 
  4. ***/*** ********* - ****** *****, ******** ********** **** ***. ***** lower ***********.
  5. ******-***** ********* - ******** ****** ***********. ****** ** ** ******* cost, ******* ***** *** *** ******* *********** ***** **** ***.

****: ***** *** ******* **** **** *******, ** ** ** too ***** *** ******* ** ********* *** *** **** ** bad ** **.

***** **** ******* ***** ******* ******, ***** *** ***** ** video ********* *****, *** *** ******** *** **** ************ ** ******** performance. *** ****** **** *** ******* **** ***** ********* *****. A ******* **** ***** ** ****** *** ******** **** **** do *** **** **** ****** *** ********** ***.

**** ********** *******, ***** (** *************) **** ***** ***** ********* ** maximum *****.  ***** ***** ** *********, ***** ******** **** ****** also ** ********* (**: ** ******** ****** **** ******** ***' *****, but **** **** ** **' **** ********** ***** ** **** may ** **** ****** **** ** ******** ****** **** * 300' *****, *** * ***' **** ***** ** ****).  ***** should **** ******** ******* ********* ********** ***** ** ***** ***********, in **** ***** ** ** ********* ** ******* >***' ***** consistently ** *** **** ** ***** ** ****, ****, ***, dust ******, ** ***** *******.

************, ***** ***** ********* ****** ** **********. ** ********* * 500' ********* ***** ***** ** *** **** ** * **** number ** ***** ******, *** ****** *** *** ** ** unreliable *******.

Recent ******* *** ************

***** ********* *** ******** ************ **** **** ********** ****** *********** over *** **** ******* *****.

**** ******* ***** ******* ***** ** ****-****-********* **********, *** *** few ******* **** ****** ****** ********** ****** *** *** ****** 2MP (****: ***** **** ********* ******* *** ******** **** ** 4K ** ****** ***********, **** ****** **** ****** *** *****, this ** ******** ** *** **** **** ****** ******** **** does *** ******** ***** * ***** **********).

****** ********* ******* ****** ********** *******, ******* ***** ******** *** ****** as "******" *** **** ********** ******* ******* ******* ("***/***** *******", "truck/large *******").  ***** ***** ** ****** *******, **** ** "****", "bicycle", "********", "******", "********", "***", ***. *** ****.

************ **** ********* **** ** *** **** ** **** ** deployment *** *************, **** ********* **** ******* *** *****/*** ********* auto-calibration ** ****** ***** **********.

****** ******** *** ********, **** ******* ****** ****-**** ******* ********** power **** ******, ***** **** **** ******** ** ***-** ********* even **** *********.

**** *** **** * *****, ** ****** ************ *** *********** ** ***** ********* *** ******** ************ ** improve *************. *** *******, ******** **** ****** ******** ***** ****** *** ********* ***** ********** *** ******-******* **********.  ****-******* ******* ************ are **** ********* ******* ******** ** ****-**** ***** ********** *** object **************. ***, **** *** *** *****, ***** **** ******* with **** **-***** ********** ***** **** **** ***** ********* **** viable.

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