Latin American NGOs Denounce 'Perverse' Facial Recognition

By IPVM, Published Feb 09, 2022, 08:34am EST (Info+)

A consortium of 11 Latin American NGOs, released a report on what it labels as "perverse" facial recognition implementations by nine Latin American governments, including criticism of major manufacturers such as Dahua and Hikvision.

IPVM Image

The NGOs' report is a sign of civil society's increasing scrutiny and awareness of government-implemented facial recognition technology in Brazil and elsewhere in Latin America.

Inside this report, IPVM examines:

  • International industry companies named in the report
  • Most implementations lack a legal basis
  • Weak local regulation
  • No public consultation, no impact assessments, no external auditing
  • Dahua, Hikvision among human rights violators
  • Alleged racialized Dahua algorithms in Mexico

*****

IPVM Image*** **-********** *********** ** ***** *******: ****** in *** ************** ** * ******** technology****** (***** ********) *** ********* ** Latin ******** ********** ** ******** *, 2021.

*** ****** ********* *** ******** ** public ****** ****** *********** *************** ********** Latin ******* (********* *** ************* **** facilitated **** ******, **** ** ******** in ******* ********). *** **********'* ******* deployment ** * ******* ** *** cases, ********* ****** *******, ****** *******, and ****** ** ****** ********/******** ** also ********.

***********

*** ****** ** * *********** ******** aggregating **** ** ** ****** ****** facial *********** *************** ** **** ***** American ********* (*** ***):

IPVM Image

*** **** ** ***** *************** **** gathered ** ***** *** *** **** by ** ******** ************* (*********, ***, Internet ***, ************, ****** ******, *******ó* Karisma, ****, *****, ******** *********, *** R3D) *** ******** ****** *********** *********** implemented ***** ****. *** ****** ** limited ** **********-******** ****** *********** *************** and **** *** ******** *** **** private-sector-financed ***** *********** ********* ****** ***********:

******* ******** ** ******* ****** **** as ******, ******** ***** ** ******* banks **** *** ********, *** **** systems *********** ** ***** **** ** electronic ******** ** ****** ** ******* devices ** ************ ***** **** ** not ********* ****** ** * ****** service.

****** ** *** **, ***** *** GDPR ***** ******** **** *********** (******** **** ***** $***,***+ *** ***+ Camera ****** ********* ****), ***** ******** **** ********** ***********, such ** ******'* ****, ******** ********* public ****** *********, ** ***.

***** *********** ****** ********, ****-****** ********, and ********** **** ****** ********* *** industry *********, *** *********** ******** *** names ** ************* *** *********** ******** in *** *********** *** ******* ** questions **** **:

  • ** ***** *** ***** ** ********** basis *** **************?
  • *** ***** * ****** ************* ******* prior ** **************?
  • *** *** ************** ******* ******** ********** an ****** ***** ** ******* ***/** human ******?
  • ** ***** * ******* ******** ***** of *** **************?
  • *** ***** *** ******* ** ******** incidents, ************** ***, ** ***** ***** of ***** ******* ** *** ********** since *** **************?

Companies ***** ** ***** ******

***** *** ********* ***** ** *** report *** *****, ****** (********** ******* as "*****"), *********, *** *** (***** by *** **** ****, "*********** ******** Systems"), *** ** ***** **** ***** due ** ***** ********* ** ******* public ****** ****** *********** ***********.

*** ***-***** ******** ********* ***** ** the ******* ** ** ******** ** government-funded ****** *********** ******** ****:

IPVM Image

Report: '** ******** ***** *****' *** **************

*** ***** ***** ********** ******** ******** with ******** ****** ****** ****** *********** deployments ** ***** *******. *** *******, AlSur **** *** ******** ** ********** implementations **** * ***** *****:

[I]t ** ********* ** ******* **** ** **** **** **% ** *** ***** ***** ** ** ******** ***** ***** to support the implementation. Only 14 of the 38 documented cases indicate the existence of regulations that would support the deployment of this type of technology. [emphasis added]

** ***** ***** ********* ** ** a *****, *** **** ***** **** such ***** ** ***** ** * generous ************** ** ********** ****:

*******, ** ** ********** ****in **** ** *** ***** *** *********** ***** *** *** ************ *** *** *** ** ****** *********** ** ********* ****, *** *** * ***** ************** ** *********** ********* ** *** *** ** ***** ***** ** ************ (for example, the operation of video surveillance cameras), that are analogized to facial recognition with dubious arguments or specific powers that could be fulfilled through the use of facial recognition ("to oversee compliance with provisions on evasion in public transport", "immigration verification functions, foreigners and immigration control", etc.) [emphasis added]

Specific ***** '******' *** **********

***** ***** **** ********** *********** ** not ********:

**** ** *** ***** ** ******** data **********,in ***** ********* ***** ******* ***** *****, ********** ** *** ******** ********** ** *** *** ** ********* **** *** ******. In the opinion of the various local experts, none of the regulations used to justify the implementation of facial recognition systems offers adequate treatment from a human rights point of view. [emphasis added]

*****'* ******** *** ** **** **********-******** ************ ****** **** **** ** Brazilian ********** ********** *** ******** ******* experts.

No ****** ************

*** *** ********** ************ ******** ****, with *** *********, ******** ****** *********** systems *** ******** ** *********** ******* any ****** ************:

** *** **** ******** ** *****, the ****** *********** ******* ********** ****** the ********* ** **** ***** **** implemented ******* *** **** ** ****** consultation ** *************, **** *** ********* of * ************ ****** ** *****[.]

**-***** *** ****** *** ********* ************* similar ******** ** ** ****** **** report, ****** **** "[*]********** **** ***** with ****** ** ** ****** ****** or *********[.]"

No ****** ***********

***** **** ***** ** ******** ** local *********** ********** *** ****** *******/*********** concerning ******** **********:

***** **** *** ****** *** ******* or ***** ****** ****** *******[.]

*******,*** ** *******'* ******* ****** ** now ********** **** ********** ****** *********** (DPIAs)** *** ***+ ****** **** *********** ********* *** ** ******'* ******* GDPR *****.

No ******** ********

******, ****** "**** *****" **********, ***** found ***** ******** ** ******** ****** of ****** ****** ****** *********** ***********:

*********, *** *********** ** ******** ****** of *** *********** ** *********** ******* is *** * ****** ******** ******.

Human ****** **********

*** ****** ***** *****, *********, ******'* IDEMIA, *** *** **'* ********* *** their "******* *********** ** ***** ****** violations" ******* ** ***** *******:

It ** ********* ** **** *** ******** ** ********* ********** *************** *** ***** ******* *********** ** ***** ****** **********. ************ ************ ** *** **** ** ******* ********* ***** *** *********, banned from operating in the United States, while having contracts worth millions in Mexico. France's IDEMIA (ex-Morpho Safran), present in at least four countries of the region, and UK's FaceWatch, whose software is used in one of the initiatives identified in Brazil, have also been the subject of concerns by international organizations. [emphasis added]

**** **** ***** *** ********* **** not ******** **** "****** **** ********* in *** ****** ******" *** **** instead *********** **** ** ********** *********** ***** ******* *** ** *** **************.

*****, ** **********, ** ***** *** its ********* ** *** ***'* ******** region ********* *******************:

*** ******* [*****], *** ** *** most ********* ** *** ****** ***** surveillance ******, *** ********** ** *** United ****** ** **** *** ***** rights ********** *** ** *** ************* in ********** ********* ******* ** ******* minority. *** ******* *** ********* *** surveillance ******** ** ********, ***** *** Chinese ********** ** ******* ** ******** against *** ****** **********. ********* ** information ********* ** *** *.*. ***** in ***** ****, *** ****** *********** software *** **** ** ******** ****** of **** *********.

********* ** ***** ***** *** ******** its ********** ** "** **** ** the ******* ********** ** ***** **** on ****** **********":

*********, *** ** ***** ******* ** the "******** ** *************** ****** ******** con ********í* ****í****" [************* ***** ***** Surveillance ******* **** ********** **********], *** sanctioned ** *** ****** ****** ** 2019 *** ** ****** ** **** for ***** ****** ******. ***** ************ technologies ***** **** ** **** ** the ******* ********** ** ***** **** on ****** **********.

******'* ****** ** **** ***** *** controversial ********** ** **** *** *** and *****:

*** ******* *** **** ********** ** Amnesty ************* *** ********* ******* ************ technology ** *****, *** ** *** human ****** **** ********. ****** *** blamed *** ******** **** *** ******* election ** ***** ** ****, ***** resulted ** *** ******** ******** ********* its ******** ********* *** ******* ** from ******** **** *** ****. *** decision *** ******** ** *** *******'* Supreme *****.

********* ** ********* ********** *** *** involvement ** *********** ********* *********** ** places ** ******** ** *** **,**** ** **** ******** ** **** last *****.

Dahua '************' ********** ** ******** '******* *********'

***** **** ***** ****** **********, ***** is **** ********** ** *** ***** report **** *** **** ** * deployment ** *** ******** ******* ****** state ** ******** **** ************ ** *** *** **** ***** in ****** ****:

********* *** ******** ***** ************ ******,Dahua *** ****** ** *** ***** **** *** ********** ******** **** **** "************" ** ******** *** "******* *********," ********** **** *** ******* *** **** ****** ** **** ** ******* *********** ** ***** ***** ****** *********** *******. The initiative was presented to the public shortly after a visit by the governor of Coahuila to China, where he met with the company. Its CEO, Zhijie Li, was present at the launch of the system. [emphasis added]

***** ******** *** ********** ** * supposed "******* *********" *** ********** ******** in **** ** ******* **** **************** ************* **********.** ****,**** ***** *** ** *** ***** instance ** ***** *********** *** ********.

***** ********* * ***** ************ **** public ********* ** ********, **** ****** Ángel ******** ***í*, *** ******* ***** governor, ********* * **** ***** ***** camera ******** ********,** **** ********** ********:

IPVM Image

***** *** *** ******* ** ****'* questions ***** *** ***** ******** **********.

Public *********** "**** ******* ****"

***** ********* ****** ******* ****** ****** facial *********** ***********, ********** **** *** technology ** * **** *** ********** societies:

*** *********** ** ***** ***** ******** surveillance, ********, ********** ********* *** ****-**********, and ********** * **** ******* **** for ********** *********.

*** ****** ******* ****** **** ****** sector ****** *********** *********** **** ******** threats ** *****, ****** ** *****, and *********** ***********:

*** ***** ** ***-**************, ********** ** Articles * *** ** ** *** American ********** ** ***** ******, ** also ******** ********** ** *** **** rates ** ***** ********* **** ****** recognition ******* *******, * ******* **** increases ************* **** *** ****** ***** surveillance ****** ** ************ ********** ****** such ** *****, ****-******* ******, ** transgender ******. *** ******* *********** ** the ****** **** ******* ********** ****** that ******** ** ******* ************ *** the ****** ********.

**********

**** **** ******, ***** *** ***** a ******* **** ** ************* **** oppose **********-******** ****** *********** ** ***** America, ***********-***** ****** ************-***** *****.

** ** ********* **** ************* ** be *********** ** ***** ******** **** governments *** ** ** ****** ***** the *********** ** ***** ************ (**** ** ****** ***********'* ******* *********** decrease ** **** ******). ********** ********* *** *** ******-**-***** may **** *** ********** ************ *** limits ** ************ ************.

Comments (2)

******* ****** ***** **** ***** ****** recognition **, ** ******, *********** ************* (for ********* ******* ** **** ** any ******), *** ** *** ********* be ****** ********** *** ** ***** have * "******** ******" ** ****** space *********. *** **** ****** *'* certainly ** ******* **, **** ******* location ** ***** *** ***** *****, for ** ** *****.

** ******, **** *** ** ** cynical, ** ***** ** **** ** imagine **** ***** ***** ** ********* support *** **** ** ***** *******, depending **** *** *** ** ***** and *** *** ***** *** *************. For *******, ** ********** ** ****** to ******** "******* ******" *************, *** why **** ***** ** ********** **********, to ****.

*** **** **** *********** ** ***-************* deployments ***** ** *** *** **** vital **** ****** ******** ** ********** and, ** ******* ****** ******, *** bias ****** ****** ** ****** ** deployment *** * ****** *** *** proportionality *** ********* ** ******* **.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny

*********** ******, *******.

*** **** **** *********** ** ***-************* deployments ***** ** *** *** **** vital **** ****** ******** ** **********

**** * *** ** ** **** greater ******* ****, ***** **** ***-************* deployments, ** **** *******. ***** ** no ****** ********** ********** *** *** access ** *** ****, ******* ** can ** ****** *** **** ****, how **** ** **** ** ******, and ******* ** **** **** ** deleted.

******* ******** ** ***** *** ***** fears

**'** ******* **** **** ******* ******** FR *********** **** ***** ** ***** ** creeps. *****-***** ********** *********** **** ***** more ****** **** *** ***, ********** when ****** *********, **** ******* *** potential *** *****.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny
Login to read this IPVM report.
Why do I need to log in?
IPVM conducts reporting, tutorials and software funded by subscriber's payments enabling us to offer the most independent, accurate and in-depth information.
Loading Related Reports