Network Cabling for Video Surveillance

By IPVM Team, Published Jan 15, 2020, 10:06am EST

In this guide, we explain the fundamentals of network cabling for video surveillance networks, how they should be installed, and the differences in testing them for production networks.

Specifically, we examine:

  • Network Cabling Defined
  • Network Cable Construction
  • Category Ratings
  • Most Surveillance Cables Cat 5e/6
  • Cat 7 And 8
  • Shielded Twisted Pair Vs. Unshielded Twisted Pair
  • Where Should STP Be Used?
  • Solid Copper Vs. Copper Clad Aluminum
  • Cable Ratings: Plenum Vs. Riser Vs. General
  • Installation Standards
  • Cable Testing Basics
  • What Cable Tester Should Integrators Use?
  • Cable Installation Best Practices
  • Labeling Is Key'
  • Documenting Cable Locations
  • Securing Cables Above Ceilings
  • Cable Jacket Colors
  • No Excessive Service Loops

Network ******* *******

"******* *****" ** **** often **** ** ***** to *********** ********* ******, e.g., * ***** **** a ******* ****** ** a ******. **** ** referred ** ** * "permanent ****", **** ***** as ********** ** ********** cabling. ******* ******* **** includes ***** ****** **** to ******* ******* ** jacks ** ***** ****** to ******** ** ****.

** ************, *** **** common ********* **** ** between * ***** ***** and ******, ***** *****.

***** *** **** ***** variations ** ********* **** depending ** ***** ******* are ** ***. ** cover **** ** *** report:********** ******* *** ***** Surveillance *****.

Network ***** ************

*** **** ******** **** cable ** ************ ** UTP, ***** ****** ************************, ********* ******** * (discussed *****). * *** cable ******** ** * individual ********** ** * twisted *****, ********** ** an ******* ****** **** of *** ** ***** plastic. **** ***** *** color ***** *** ************** in **** ******: ****, orange, *****, *** *****. Each **** ******** * solid ******* ****, *.*., blue, *** * ******* wire, *.*. "*****-****".

*** ***** ***** ***** a ******* *** * cable ******* ***** **********:

****** ********* **** ******* a ****** **** ** split *** ****** *** to *** ******** ** the ***** **** *******. Some ****** **** ******* a ********* ***** ******* the **** ***** ** a ******* ******* ** reduce *** **** *** cable ******* **** ******.

Category *******

******* ****** *** ***** into ******* "**********" ********* on ***** ************ (*********** rated ** ***). ***** ratings *** ******* *****/*** *****, ***** ****** ****** from ******** * ******* Category *, ** **** as ******* ***** ** fiber-optic *****. **** ** these ********** *** ** longer ** *** *****, but ********** *** ***** see **** ** *** field.

**** ****** *** **/*

*** **** ****** ********** in *** ** ************ are *** ** *** 6, ** ******** * has **** ********** *** Category * *** ** are ****** *** ********* in ******** ************.

**** *** ** *** 6 ******* ** **** twisted **** ***** ** the ***** ** **-** AWG (****** ******** ** as "*****") ****** * single ******. ***** *** some *** ***********, *******:

  • *** **: *** ** is ***** ** * max ********* ********* ** 100 ***. **'* **** use ************ *** **** for **** ******** (*******-*), but ** ** ******* of ******* ******, ** well. *** ** **** 24AWG **********, **** *** exceptions. *** ********* ***** shows * ********* ******** Cat ** *****:
  • *** *: *** * is ***** ** * max ********* ********* ** 250 ***. ** ** capable ** ******* **** Ethernet (*** **/*) *** gigabit, **** *** **, but *** **** ** used ** ***** **-******* Ethernet *** ~***' (***). Cat * ********* **** 23 *** **********, ***** makes ** **** ******** and ***** ** * larger ******* ********, ********* more **** ** ************. Cat * ****** **** commonly *** * ******** barrier ** *** ***** to ******** ********** ******* pairs, *** ***** ********* in ** ******. *** white ********* *** ** seen ** *** ****** of *** ***** *****:

***** ***** ****** ********* on *** ******** *** construction, ******* **** ***** $40 *** *** *,***' for *** ***** *** 5e ***** ** ~$*** for **** **** *** 6.

Cat * *** * *** **** ** ************

****** ****** *** * are ******, ** ****, used ** ************. *** to ***** ************, ***** requires ********** ********* *** each **** ****, **** are **** **** ****** to *********** *** *******, requiring ******** ********** *** to ***.

********** ** ***** ** up ** ** **** in *** *, *** only *** ***** *********, typically this, ***** ****** *** generally **** **** ** data ****** ************ ***** high ******** ************* *** needed.

Shielded ******* **** **. ********** ******* ****

****** ********** ******* **** is **** ****** ** surveillance, ***** *** **** applications ***** ******** ******* pair (***) ****** *** required. ******** ******* **** contains * ****** ** shields ******** *** ******* cable ***/** ********** *****. Technically ********,**** ******** ** ******** twisted **** ****** *****, *** "***" ** generically ****, ********** ** surveillance ***** **** ******** are *** ******.

*** ***** ***** ***** the ********** ******** ********* surrounding **** ***** ** STP:

***** *** **** ******* $20 ** $** *** camera ******** ** *** cabling, ******** ***** **** of *** ****, ***** on *** ***** ***** ~40% **** **** *** and ********* ** *** much ********** ***** ** larger ******* ** ****** for *** ******, ******* and **** ***** ***.

Where ****** *** ** ****?

*** ****** ****** ** anywhere ************ ***** ** a *******. ***** **** alone ** ****** *****, here *** **** ****** sources ** ************ **** affect ******* *****:

  • ******** ** **** ******* Wiring:***** ****** *** ********* with **** ************ **** when *** ******** ** each *****. **** ****** run * ********* ******** apart ****** * ******** raceway *** ** * source ************ *** ****** transmission.
  • **** ********* *******:**** ******* *** **** common ***************** ******** **** electric ******, ***** ************, magnetic *****, ** ********* can ********* *********** ***, making *** * ****** spec *********** ** ********** applications *** ************* **********.
  • ********/***** *******:****** *** ******* ************* radios *** ****** **** transmission. ***** * ****** handset *** *** ** significant ****** ** ** a *******, ******** **** runs **** **** ******* repeaters ** ************ ****** be *** ***** *** to ********* ********.

Solid ****** **. ****** **** ********

**** ********, ******* ****** are **** ***** ***** copper **** *** ********** conductors. *******, **** *** cost/budget ****** *** *** copper-clad ******** (***), ***** plates * ***** ******** core **** * **** layer ** ****** ** lower **** (***** **** reduces ******).

***** ****** ****** ** CCA ***** ** ** often ***** ** **** category ************* *****. *** example, ** ********** ***** ********, *** ****** **** cables ** ****** *** failed ** **** ************* tests, **** ** **** short ***** (~**'), ***** all ***** ****** ****** tests ** ** ***' without *****.

cat6 headroom comparison

***** ****** *** ***** work *** * ****** camera, *** ** ** not ********* **** ** they *** **** *********** to ********* ***********, ********* voltage ****, *********, *** other ****** ***** ****** cables ** *** **********, which ***** ****** ** failed ***** **** ****.

Cable *******: ****** **. ***** **. *******

****** ********* ** *** handling ****** (******** ** as "*******") **** ** rated *** *** *******, as ***-***** ****** *** combust **** ****** *** spread *** **** **** quickly. ****** ****** *** made ** *********** ********* which ****-********** **** ***** is ******* ** ****** do *** *******.

*** **** ****** ****** in *** ** ********** facilities ** **** ******** used *** *** ********, shown *****, ****** ****** floors (***** **** ** computer *****) *** ******* plenum *****, ** ****, if **** *** **** for *******.

ceiling plenum space

***** ***-***** ***** ** these ************ ***** ****** in ***** ** *** installation ** *********, ** well ** *** **** to ******* ********* ******, and ** *****, ***** result ** ****** ****** in **** ** ****.

******* ** ****, **** integrators ****** ******* ****** rated ****** ** **** in *** *************, ** there *** ** *********** about ******* * ***** ceiling ** **** ** a ****** ** ***. However, **** ************* ********* cable ****, ** ****** cable ***** *-** ** much ** ***-***** *****.

*** **** ******* ** plenum, *****, *** ***-***** cables, *** *** ******:***** ** ****** ******* Explained.

Installation *********

***** ** "*********" **** or **** ****** *** running *****, ***** *** others **** ********* ******* standards *** ****** *** installation ** ******* ******* and ******* **************. **********, when ************ ************** *** mentioned ** * *** or ***** ** ****, a ***** *********** ****** is *****.

***** *** ******** ***** specs ***:

**** ** ******** ** not ********** ***** **** must ******* ** *** or **** ** *** spec ******, ** ** in *** *********'* **** interest ** **** *** guidelines ** ***** ** order ** **** *** 'nightmares' ** ***.

*** **** ***********, *** our ******:***** *** ** ***** Surveillance *****.

Cable ******* ******

*** ****** ****** ** tested ***** ************, ** ensure **** **** **** as ******** *** ****** the ****** ** ***** troubleshooting ***** ** **** cable ***********. *******, *** exact ***** ** ****** required ****** ********* ** the *******.

***** *** ***** **** types ** ***** ******:

  • ********* *** *** ******** type ** **** *** provide ***** ***** ******* for ******* *** ******, and ****** ** ****, at * ******* ** all ******. **** ** no ******* **** ******** tests **** ** *********, losses, *** ****, *** are **** **** ********* than ******, ******* *** only * *** ******* dollars. **** ***** ******* basic *** ** * cable ********:

  • ********** *** *** **** extensive **** ** ******, certifying **** ****** **** numerous ********** ********* ** EIA/TIA568B *********. ************* ** required ** **** ********* in ****** *************, *** is ***** ******** *** cabling ************ ********. *** main ******** ** *****, with ********** ***** ******* for $**,***+, *** **** be ************ ************. ******* of ****, **** ********** rent **** **** ********* instead ** **********.
  • ********** ******* * ******** technical **** *** ** not *********-*********, ****** ********* to **** * '**** world' **** ******** ** simulate *** **/* ******** or ***. ********** **** for ******* ******** *******, much **** **** *********, but **** **** **********.

*** **** ** *********** in ***** ******* *** the ********** **** ****, see ********** ***** ******* *****.

What ***** ****** ****** * ***?

**** ******** ********** **** integrators **** ** ***** a ******** ** ****. Wiremap *** ****** *** the *** ******** ***** should ** ****** ************ *******, ***** ** devices ***** *********. ** is ****** *** ** least *** ** *** cables ** ** ************ to **** ******* ** shorted *****. ******* ** simply ******** ***/** **-*********** the ***** ******* ********** the *******, * ******** may **** ******* **** is *****.

**** *********** **** ***** need ** *** * cable *********, ********* ** their ****** ******(*) *** requirements ** *** ******** they *******. **** *** simply **** *** **** needed ******* ** ***** concerned **** ********** *** maintaining * ********* ** their ***.

********** *** ********* *** used ** ******** *** surveillance, *** *** ***** preferred ** ** *****. They ** *** ***** much ********** **** * verifier **** ***** ** practically ****** ** ************.

Cable ************ **** *********

***** ************ *** **** straightforward, *** *** ******* go ***** ** **** basic **** ********* *** not ********. **** ********** these **** *** **** practices:

  • ***** *** ******
  • ******** ***** *********
  • *** ***** *****/*****
  • *** ********* ******* ******
  • ** *** *** ********* service *****

Labeling ** ***

****** ******** ** **** cables, ********** ****** ********* how **** **** ** labeled *** **** ****** as **** **. ***** a ******* ******* ** label ********* ****** *********** reduces *********** ******** ** simply ******* **** ******* tape ** * ******, which *** **** ******** or ********* ** ******* in *************** **** *****.

* **** ***** ****** include *** *****'* *********** as **** ** *** source, *** ********** **** it ** **** *** (e.g., ******, ******* *****, NVR, ***.). ** * cable ******* * ****** in * ******* ** the * **** ** a ****** *** ** labeled:

****–*-** (**** ****, ***** Panel *, **** **)

** ***** ******** ** detail ** ***** ****** ***** ******** Guide

Document ***** *********

******* ***** ********* ** floorplans ** ********** *** surveillance ***********. ****** ** years ***** *** ****** is *********, *********** ********* for *********** *** **** no **** ***** ****** run ** ** ****, potentially ********** *************** **** for ****** ******* ** changes.

****** ******* ** * floor **** **** ********* in *** ** ********** in **** *****. *******, many ********** ********* **** a*****,*******, ************** ** ********** ****** to ******* **************, **** files ****** ****** *** later *** ****** *** email **** ******** *****.

Secure ****** ***** *******

***** ******* ***** **** ceilings ** ***** ******* has * *** ** becoming * ********** ******* mess **** ****. ***-******** runs *** ***** ***** tray, *-*****, ** ****** rings *** ******* ***** issues ** ******** ***** above *** *******.

*** ****** ***** **** examples ** ***** *** hooks ** ***:

Use ********* ******* ******

***** ********* ****** ** cable ** ******** ******** systems *** ** ****** to ******* ***** ****** or ** ***** **** disturbing ******** ******. **** cables ** **** *** color *** **** *******, it *** ** ********* to ******* ***** ***** is ***** ** * large ****** **** ********** to ****** * ****** run.

******* '****' *** '****' jacketed ****** *** *** most ****** ******** ******, and '***' ** ******** for **** ****** ************, the **** '******** *****' colors *** ***** ************ available ** **** ************ are ******, *******, *******, and *******. ******* **** non-standard ***** ******* *** available ** ****** ****, and *** **** ******* by ***** **** **** and ***** ****.

No ********* ******* *****

**** ** *** **** common, *** ********** *****, habits ** *********** ** to *** *** ********* amounts ** ***** ** 'service *****' ** *** end ** ***** **** or ***** **' ** 15' ***** ****** **** 3' ***** *******.

Excessive Length Patch Cables

******* ***** ****** ******* a *** **** ** extra ******* ** ***** potential ****** ****** ** network **** **********. *******, coiling ** ****** ** fifty **** ** *** end ** **** '**** in ****' ********** ****** cost *** ******* *******.

Comments (25)

******* ***** ****** ******* a *** **** ** extra ******* ** ***** potential ****** ****** ** network **** **********. *******, coiling ** ****** ** fifty **** ** *** end ** **** '**** in ****' ********** ****** cost *** ******* *******.

** ***** **** *** a *** ****** *** standard **** ****** ** be ********* ** *** length ** ******* ***** to *** (*** ******** the ************* ** * concern *** *** ******/****).

Agree: 2
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

* ** ******* ** anyone *** **********, ******** or ********, ***** ***** diameter (**** ****** ******* diameter, ** "****") *** 6 ***** *****? ********* stranded *****, **** *** bit **** ******** *** offer **** ******* ** an ******* ********* *******. Thanks.

Agree: 2
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

** **** *** *** issues *** **** *** Fluke **** *** ** the ***** **** ****** a ***** ***** ** failed ********* *** **** I **** **** ****.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 2
Unhelpful
Funny

** **** ****** **** with *** ***** *** they ****. ** *** get **** **** * reputable ************ **** ******* the ***********'* ***** **** document.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*** * **** ** some **** ****?

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

* ***'* *** *** mini ***** ****** ** a ********, *** * have **** *** ***** patch ****** *** **** mount ** ****** **** are ******* ** * keystone ***** *****. **** have ****** ****.

***** ***** ***** *****

******* * **** ********* Steel **** ***** *****

*** ***** ***** ** switch, * **** ** use****-********* *' ***** ******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

* **** **** **** in ******** ******* **** I **. * *** 1 - ** ** mini/thin ****** *** ****** that *** *** *** poe+. ******* * **** used **** ** **** on * ****** *** with * ******* ** an ******** ***** *** it ******'* ******* ****** power *** * *** with ***+. *** ******** cable **** **** **** a ******* ** * standard ***** ****** ****.

*** ****** *** ***** reduction *** ** ******** kit *** *******, *** I ******'* *** ** for **** **** * patch *****...

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny

* **** **** *** 1 ******** ***** **** them *** **** *** because ** ***. *** called ** ************ * camera ***** ** *** off ****. *** ****** was ******* ** ***** from ***, *** ****** was ***** *** *** Max/High *** **** * swapped *** ** *** cable *** *** * regular ***** ***** *** issue **** ****. ***** than **** *** ********, my ********** *** **** extremely ********. *** ***** are * *** **** flexible, *** ******** **** them ************* ****** ** manage *** ******* *** over *** ******* ** cable ** **** ** makes **** **** ****** to **** ****** *** in *** ****** ***** and ***** ******. * have ******* ***** **** as ** ******* ****** for ** ******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 4
Unhelpful
Funny

**** ****** ****** ****** 60W ***. **** ************* note ****.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny

** **** ***** **** "very *******" ** ** stopped ***** ****. * intend ** **** **** another *** ***** *** test *** ** **** a *** ******* ** one ************.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

**** ** *** ******* where ** **** ***** to *** **** *** after * *** *** working ** ******** *** of ****.

*** **** ********* **** nicer *** *** ****** to **** ****.

*** ***** ***** ** only **** ***** ******, the ****** ** * mix ** **** ***** and *** **** ***** is ***** ******* ***** cables.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 2
Unhelpful
Funny

**********: ** ******** ****** rotate *** **** * photos. *** ****** ******* do *** **** ** the ******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

***** ******. *'* ********* there's ** ******* ** tie ***** ** ****** straps.

*** ******** *** ** know ** ** ************ was **** ** * competant **** ** *** is *** *** ** tie ***** ** * bundle ** *** ****** cinched **** ** **** (sarc) *** **-******* ********.

*** ****** ****** *** gently *******!

*** "**" ** *** wraps!

Agree: 6
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*** **** ** *** UK * **** ***** seen ***** ************* **** with ******. ** ** a *** *****?

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

* *** **** **** a ****** *** ****** in *******.

** *** *** ***** to *** *** *****, don't ******* *** ***** linearity ** ******* *** tie **** *** *****. nice *********** ** ******* here -

****** ***’* **** **** | ***** ********

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 2
Unhelpful
Funny

*** ** *** **** about **** ****?

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

* ***'* **** ** it's * *** ***** but * ****** ******* it *** *** ****** tool *** *** ****.

****, ****** ****** ********* easier ** ****, ******, change ********, ***/****** ****** with ******** ** **** the **** *** ** mess ** *** *****.

Agree: 3
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*** ******** *********- *'* interested ** **** ** anyone **** *** ********** using *** ***** ****** "GameChanger", ** ***** ******** (*********** ***** | ******* Solutions).

** **** *** ***** yet, ****** ***** *** it ** * *** coming ** **** ***** runs.

******

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

***** - ** **** not ****** ***********, ***** **** * ********** about ** ****.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*'** ********* * ******* of ****** *** **** used ** ** * run *** ** **** PTZ ****** **** ******** 60W. *** ************ **** about *****-***** *** ***** perfect. ********** * *** using ***** *** * lower **** ****** *** it ***** *** ** and ***. * *** many ***** ********* **** would ******* **** ***** this *******. *** ***** is $$$ *** *** cheaper **** ******* *** veracity ***** *** **** the ***** ******** ********** points ** *******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny

** *** **** **** 802.3 **** *** ****** at *** **. ** also **** **** ******** doesn't *********** **** ** that ****** ******.

**** ***** ********* **** a *** ** ***, how *** *** *** reconciled ** *** ********? Not * *********, ********* curious. ****** **** **** a ********** ******* **** spec'd ********** **** ** the **** ***** ***** so * ******* **** demanding ********* *** **** lenient ** **** ** it *****?

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

* ******'* *** ** long ** ** ***** as ***** ***** ************ means **** *** *** power **** ** ****** at *** ****** ******'* be **********. **** ******* gets *** ***** ****** to ***** ** *** camera.

* ** ***** *** that ** ***** ** hard ** ******* ** the ******** *** **** savings *** *** ** spec ******* **** ** almost ****** *** **** or ******* *** ** cable.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

***** * ****'* ******* my ******* ******* ******. What * *** ********* is *** * *** of ***** **** ** NOT **** ** ** certified ** ***.* **** (i.e. ****** *** **) is ********* ** *** customer.

**** *'* **** ** all **** **** *** data ****** *****'* **** at *** **; *********** **** **** ****** ********* *** ****** that *** ******** ********* to **** **** ****. In **** * ***** the ******** ***** (*** should) ** **** **** the *** ** **** needs ** ** ******* to ********* ****** ****** to ****** ********** ***** allows *** ******** ****** links. *******, **** ******* presently **** ******** ****** any *** **** *****'* meet *** *** ** spec.

**** *********** ***** ***** to **** ************ ****** itself ** * "***-****" solution **** ***** *******, which ** ***-**-***-*** ******** but ******** ** * world ********* ** ********* specs *** **************. *'* just ******* *** *** customer ***** ***** **, or ** **** **** care.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny

***** ***** ******* ** all ** ***** *** certifiers *** ********** *****. ***** ********** **** with ****, *** ***** models *** ****** ** firmware *.* ** ***** for *********** ************* *******. They ***** **** **** support ** ** ~*** meters / ~*** **. Customers *** **** ****** with ***** ***** ********* by * *****. * emailed ***** ****** *** more ******* ** ********** cable **** ** ****** the ********'* **************.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 3
Unhelpful
Funny

**** ***********, ***** ***. I *** ** ***** curious ** ** **** specification *** ***** ***** is **********, ******* ****** there ***'* ** **** spec *********** *** *********** cable (*** * **** that ****).

* ******* ****'** ******** answer ********* ** *** effect ** *** ** cable "****" **** **** the **** *********/***********/***. ****** at **** ***** * CAT5/6 ** ******** ** meet ** ****. ****'* probably *** **** *** can ** ******* ********* the **** *** ****** cables, ******** ** **** point **** ***** ** be ***** **** ******* and ** ***** *******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny
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