Network Cabling for Video Surveillance

By: IPVM Team, Published on Jan 15, 2020

In this guide, we explain the fundamentals of network cabling for video surveillance networks, how they should be installed, and the differences in testing them for production networks.

Specifically, we examine:

  • Network Cabling Defined
  • Network Cable Construction
  • Category Ratings
  • Most Surveillance Cables Cat 5e/6
  • Cat 7 And 8
  • Shielded Twisted Pair Vs. Unshielded Twisted Pair
  • Where Should STP Be Used?
  • Solid Copper Vs. Copper Clad Aluminum
  • Cable Ratings: Plenum Vs. Riser Vs. General
  • Installation Standards
  • Cable Testing Basics
  • What Cable Tester Should Integrators Use?
  • Cable Installation Best Practices
  • Labeling Is Key'
  • Documenting Cable Locations
  • Securing Cables Above Ceilings
  • Cable Jacket Colors
  • No Excessive Service Loops

** **** *****, ** explain *** ************ ** network ******* *** ***** surveillance ********, *** **** should ** *********, *** the *********** ** ******* them *** ********** ********.

************, ** *******:

  • ******* ******* *******
  • ******* ***** ************
  • ******** *******
  • **** ************ ****** *** 5e/6
  • *** * *** *
  • ******** ******* **** **. Unshielded ******* ****
  • ***** ****** *** ** Used?
  • ***** ****** **. ****** Clad ********
  • ***** *******: ****** **. Riser **. *******
  • ************ *********
  • ***** ******* ******
  • **** ***** ****** ****** Integrators ***?
  • ***** ************ **** *********
  • ******** ** ***'
  • *********** ***** *********
  • ******** ****** ***** ********
  • ***** ****** ******
  • ** ********* ******* *****

[***************]

Network ******* *******

"******* *****" ** **** often **** ** ***** to *********** ********* ******, e.g., * ***** **** a ******* ****** ** a ******. **** ** referred ** ** * "permanent ****", **** ***** as ********** ** ********** cabling. ******* ******* **** includes ***** ****** **** to ******* ******* ** jacks ** ***** ****** to ******** ** ****.

** ************, *** **** common ********* **** ** between * ***** ***** and ******, ***** *****.

***** *** **** ***** variations ** ********* **** depending ** ***** ******* are ** ***. ** cover **** ** *** report:********** ******* *** ***** Surveillance *****.

Network ***** ************

*** **** ******** **** cable ** ************ ** UTP, ***** ****** ************************, ********* ******** * (discussed *****). * *** cable ******** ** * individual ********** ** * twisted *****, ********** ** an ******* ****** **** of *** ** ***** plastic. **** ***** *** color ***** *** ************** in **** ******: ****, orange, *****, *** *****. Each **** ******** * solid ******* ****, *.*., blue, *** * ******* wire, *.*. "*****-****".

*** ***** ***** ***** a ******* *** * cable ******* ***** **********:

****** ********* **** ******* a ****** **** ** split *** ****** *** to *** ******** ** the ***** **** *******. Some ****** **** ******* a ********* ***** ******* the **** ***** ** a ******* ******* ** reduce *** **** *** cable ******* **** ******.

Category *******

******* ****** *** ***** into ******* "**********" ********* on ***** ************ (*********** rated ** ***). ***** ratings *** ******* *****/*** *****, ***** ****** ****** from ******** * ******* Category *, ** **** as ******* ***** ** fiber-optic *****. **** ** these ********** *** ** longer ** *** *****, but ********** *** ***** see **** ** *** field.

**** ****** *** **/*

*** **** ****** ********** in *** ** ************ are *** ** *** 6, ** ******** * has **** ********** *** Category * *** ** are ****** *** ********* in ******** ************.

**** *** ** *** 6 ******* ** **** twisted **** ***** ** the ***** ** **-** AWG (****** ******** ** as "*****") ****** * single ******. ***** *** some *** ***********, *******:

  • *** **: *** ** is ***** ** * max ********* ********* ** 100 ***. **'* **** use ************ *** **** for **** ******** (*******-*), but ** ** ******* of ******* ******, ** well. *** ** **** 24AWG **********, **** *** exceptions. *** ********* ***** shows * ********* ******** Cat ** *****:
  • *** *: *** * is ***** ** * max ********* ********* ** 250 ***. ** ** capable ** ******* **** Ethernet (*** **/*) *** gigabit, **** *** **, but *** **** ** used ** ***** **-******* Ethernet *** ~***' (***). Cat * ********* **** 23 *** **********, ***** makes ** **** ******** and ***** ** * larger ******* ********, ********* more **** ** ************. Cat * ****** **** commonly *** * ******** barrier ** *** ***** to ******** ********** ******* pairs, *** ***** ********* in ** ******. *** white ********* *** ** seen ** *** ****** of *** ***** *****:

***** ***** ****** ********* on *** ******** *** construction, ******* **** ***** $40 *** *** *,***' for *** ***** *** 5e ***** ** ~$*** for **** **** *** 6.

Cat * *** * *** **** ** ************

****** ****** *** * are ******, ** ****, used ** ************. *** to ***** ************, ***** requires ********** ********* *** each **** ****, **** are **** **** ****** to *********** *** *******, requiring ******** ********** *** to ***.

********** ** ***** ** up ** ** **** in *** *, *** only *** ***** *********, typically this, ***** ****** *** generally **** **** ** data ****** ************ ***** high ******** ************* *** needed.

Shielded ******* **** **. ********** ******* ****

****** ********** ******* **** is **** ****** ** surveillance, ***** *** **** applications ***** ******** ******* pair (***) ****** *** required. ******** ******* **** contains * ****** ** shields ******** *** ******* cable ***/** ********** *****. Technically ********,**** ******** ** ******** twisted **** ****** *****, *** "***" ** generically ****, ********** ** surveillance ***** **** ******** are *** ******.

*** ***** ***** ***** the ********** ******** ********* surrounding **** ***** ** STP:

***** *** **** ******* $20 ** $** *** camera ******** ** *** cabling, ******** ***** **** of *** ****, ***** on *** ***** ***** ~40% **** **** *** and ********* ** *** much ********** ***** ** larger ******* ** ****** for *** ******, ******* and **** ***** ***.

Where ****** *** ** ****?

*** ****** ****** ** anywhere ************ ***** ** a *******. ***** **** alone ** ****** *****, here *** **** ****** sources ** ************ **** affect ******* *****:

  • ******** ** **** ******* Wiring:***** ****** *** ********* with **** ************ **** when *** ******** ** each *****. **** ****** run * ********* ******** apart ****** * ******** raceway *** ** * source ************ *** ****** transmission.
  • **** ********* *******:**** ******* *** **** common ***************** ******** **** electric ******, ***** ************, magnetic *****, ** ********* can ********* *********** ***, making *** * ****** spec *********** ** ********** applications *** ************* **********.
  • ********/***** *******:****** *** ******* ************* radios *** ****** **** transmission. ***** * ****** handset *** *** ** significant ****** ** ** a *******, ******** **** runs **** **** ******* repeaters ** ************ ****** be *** ***** *** to ********* ********.

Solid ****** **. ****** **** ********

**** ********, ******* ****** are **** ***** ***** copper **** *** ********** conductors. *******, **** *** cost/budget ****** *** *** copper-clad ******** (***), ***** plates * ***** ******** core **** * **** layer ** ****** ** lower **** (***** **** reduces ******).

***** ****** ****** ** CCA ***** ** ** often ***** ** **** category ************* *****. *** example, ** ********** ***** ********, *** ****** **** cables ** ****** *** failed ** **** ************* tests, **** ** **** short ***** (~**'), ***** all ***** ****** ****** tests ** ** ***' without *****.

cat6 headroom comparison

***** ****** *** ***** work *** * ****** camera, *** ** ** not ********* **** ** they *** **** *********** to ********* ***********, ********* voltage ****, *********, *** other ****** ***** ****** cables ** *** **********, which ***** ****** ** failed ***** **** ****.

Cable *******: ****** **. ***** **. *******

****** ********* ** *** handling ****** (******** ** as "*******") **** ** rated *** *** *******, as ***-***** ****** *** combust **** ****** *** spread *** **** **** quickly. ****** ****** *** made ** *********** ********* which ****-********** **** ***** is ******* ** ****** do *** *******.

*** **** ****** ****** in *** ** ********** facilities ** **** ******** used *** *** ********, shown *****, ****** ****** floors (***** **** ** computer *****) *** ******* plenum *****, ** ****, if **** *** **** for *******.

ceiling plenum space

***** ***-***** ***** ** these ************ ***** ****** in ***** ** *** installation ** *********, ** well ** *** **** to ******* ********* ******, and ** *****, ***** result ** ****** ****** in **** ** ****.

******* ** ****, **** integrators ****** ******* ****** rated ****** ** **** in *** *************, ** there *** ** *********** about ******* * ***** ceiling ** **** ** a ****** ** ***. However, **** ************* ********* cable ****, ** ****** cable ***** *-** ** much ** ***-***** *****.

*** **** ******* ** plenum, *****, *** ***-***** cables, *** *** ******:***** ** ****** ******* Explained.

Installation *********

***** ** "*********" **** or **** ****** *** running *****, ***** *** others **** ********* ******* standards *** ****** *** installation ** ******* ******* and ******* **************. **********, when ************ ************** *** mentioned ** * *** or ***** ** ****, a ***** *********** ****** is *****.

***** *** ******** ***** specs ***:

**** ** ******** ** not ********** ***** **** must ******* ** *** or **** ** *** spec ******, ** ** in *** *********'* **** interest ** **** *** guidelines ** ***** ** order ** **** *** 'nightmares' ** ***.

*** **** ***********, *** our ******:***** *** ** ***** Surveillance *****.

Cable ******* ******

*** ****** ****** ** tested ***** ************, ** ensure **** **** **** as ******** *** ****** the ****** ** ***** troubleshooting ***** ** **** cable ***********. *******, *** exact ***** ** ****** required ****** ********* ** the *******.

***** *** ***** **** types ** ***** ******:

  • ********* *** *** ******** type ** **** *** provide ***** ***** ******* for ******* *** ******, and ****** ** ****, at * ******* ** all ******. **** ** no ******* **** ******** tests **** ** *********, losses, *** ****, *** are **** **** ********* than ******, ******* *** only * *** ******* dollars. **** ***** ******* basic *** ** * cable ********:

  • ********** *** *** **** extensive **** ** ******, certifying **** ****** **** numerous ********** ********* ** EIA/TIA568B *********. ************* ** required ** **** ********* in ****** *************, *** is ***** ******** *** cabling ************ ********. *** main ******** ** *****, with ********** ***** ******* for $**,***+, *** **** be ************ ************. ******* of ****, **** ********** rent **** **** ********* instead ** **********.
  • ********** ******* * ******** technical **** *** ** not *********-*********, ****** ********* to **** * '**** world' **** ******** ** simulate *** **/* ******** or ***. ********** **** for ******* ******** *******, much **** **** *********, but **** **** **********.

*** **** ** *********** in ***** ******* *** the ********** **** ****, see ********** ***** ******* *****.

What ***** ****** ****** * ***?

**** ******** ********** **** integrators **** ** ***** a ******** ** ****. Wiremap *** ****** *** the *** ******** ***** should ** ****** ************ *******, ***** ** devices ***** *********. ** is ****** *** ** least *** ** *** cables ** ** ************ to **** ******* ** shorted *****. ******* ** simply ******** ***/** **-*********** the ***** ******* ********** the *******, * ******** may **** ******* **** is *****.

**** *********** **** ***** need ** *** * cable *********, ********* ** their ****** ******(*) *** requirements ** *** ******** they *******. **** *** simply **** *** **** needed ******* ** ***** concerned **** ********** *** maintaining * ********* ** their ***.

********** *** ********* *** used ** ******** *** surveillance, *** *** ***** preferred ** ** *****. They ** *** ***** much ********** **** * verifier **** ***** ** practically ****** ** ************.

Cable ************ **** *********

***** ************ *** **** straightforward, *** *** ******* go ***** ** **** basic **** ********* *** not ********. **** ********** these **** *** **** practices:

  • ***** *** ******
  • ******** ***** *********
  • *** ***** *****/*****
  • *** ********* ******* ******
  • ** *** *** ********* service *****

Labeling ** ***

****** ******** ** **** cables, ********** ****** ********* how **** **** ** labeled *** **** ****** as **** **. ***** a ******* ******* ** label ********* ****** *********** reduces *********** ******** ** simply ******* **** ******* tape ** * ******, which *** **** ******** or ********* ** ******* in *************** **** *****.

* **** ***** ****** include *** *****'* *********** as **** ** *** source, *** ********** **** it ** **** *** (e.g., ******, ******* *****, NVR, ***.). ** * cable ******* * ****** in * ******* ** the * **** ** a ****** *** ** labeled:

****–*-** (**** ****, ***** Panel *, **** **)

** ***** ******** ** detail ** ***** ****** ***** ******** Guide

Document ***** *********

******* ***** ********* ** floorplans ** ********** *** surveillance ***********. ****** ** years ***** *** ****** is *********, *********** ********* for *********** *** **** no **** ***** ****** run ** ** ****, potentially ********** *************** **** for ****** ******* ** changes.

****** ******* ** * floor **** **** ********* in *** ** ********** in **** *****. *******, many ********** ********* **** a*****,*******, ************** ** ********** ****** to ******* **************, **** files ****** ****** *** later *** ****** *** email **** ******** *****.

Secure ****** ***** *******

***** ******* ***** **** ceilings ** ***** ******* has * *** ** becoming * ********** ******* mess **** ****. ***-******** runs *** ***** ***** tray, *-*****, ** ****** rings *** ******* ***** issues ** ******** ***** above *** *******.

*** ****** ***** **** examples ** ***** *** hooks ** ***:

Use ********* ******* ******

***** ********* ****** ** cable ** ******** ******** systems *** ** ****** to ******* ***** ****** or ** ***** **** disturbing ******** ******. **** cables ** **** *** color *** **** *******, it *** ** ********* to ******* ***** ***** is ***** ** * large ****** **** ********** to ****** * ****** run.

******* '****' *** '****' jacketed ****** *** *** most ****** ******** ******, and '***' ** ******** for **** ****** ************, the **** '******** *****' colors *** ***** ************ available ** **** ************ are ******, *******, *******, and *******. ******* **** non-standard ***** ******* *** available ** ****** ****, and *** **** ******* by ***** **** **** and ***** ****.

No ********* ******* *****

**** ** *** **** common, *** ********** *****, habits ** *********** ** to *** *** ********* amounts ** ***** ** 'service *****' ** *** end ** ***** **** or ***** **' ** 15' ***** ****** **** 3' ***** *******.

Excessive Length Patch Cables

******* ***** ****** ******* a *** **** ** extra ******* ** ***** potential ****** ****** ** network **** **********. *******, coiling ** ****** ** fifty **** ** *** end ** **** '**** in ****' ********** ****** cost *** ******* *******.

Comments (16)

******* ***** ****** ******* a *** **** ** extra ******* ** ***** potential ****** ****** ** network **** **********. *******, coiling ** ****** ** fifty **** ** *** end ** **** '**** in ****' ********** ****** cost *** ******* *******.

** ***** **** *** a *** ****** *** standard **** ****** ** be ********* ** *** length ** ******* ***** to *** (*** ******** the ************* ** * concern *** *** ******/****).

* ** ******* ** anyone *** **********, ******** or ********, ***** ***** diameter (**** ****** ******* diameter, ** "****") *** 6 ***** *****? ********* stranded *****, **** *** bit **** ******** *** offer **** ******* ** an ******* ********* *******. Thanks.

** **** *** *** issues *** **** *** Fluke **** *** ** the ***** **** ****** a ***** ***** ** failed ********* *** **** I **** **** ****.

** **** ****** **** with *** ***** *** they ****. ** *** get **** **** * reputable ************ **** ******* the ***********'* ***** **** document.

*** * **** ** some **** ****?

* ***'* *** *** mini ***** ****** ** a ********, *** * have **** *** ***** patch ****** *** **** mount ** ****** **** are ******* ** * keystone ***** *****. **** have ****** ****.

***** ***** ***** *****

******* * **** ********* Steel **** ***** *****

*** ***** ***** ** switch, * **** ** use****-********* *' ***** ******.

* **** **** **** in ******** ******* **** I **. * *** 1 - ** ** mini/thin ****** *** ****** that *** *** *** poe+. ******* * **** used **** ** **** on * ****** *** with * ******* ** an ******** ***** *** it ******'* ******* ****** power *** * *** with ***+. *** ******** cable **** **** **** a ******* ** * standard ***** ****** ****.

*** ****** *** ***** reduction *** ** ******** kit *** *******, *** I ******'* *** ** for **** **** * patch *****...

* **** **** *** 1 ******** ***** **** them *** **** *** because ** ***. *** called ** ************ * camera ***** ** *** off ****. *** ****** was ******* ** ***** from ***, *** ****** was ***** *** *** Max/High *** **** * swapped *** ** *** cable *** *** * regular ***** ***** *** issue **** ****. ***** than **** *** ********, my ********** *** **** extremely ********. *** ***** are * *** **** flexible, *** ******** **** them ************* ****** ** manage *** ******* *** over *** ******* ** cable ** **** ** makes **** **** ****** to **** ****** *** in *** ****** ***** and ***** ******. * have ******* ***** **** as ** ******* ****** for ** ******.

**** ****** ****** ****** 60W ***. **** ************* note ****.

** **** ***** **** "very *******" ** ** stopped ***** ****. * intend ** **** **** another *** ***** *** test *** ** **** a *** ******* ** one ************.

**** ** *** ******* where ** **** ***** to *** **** *** after * *** *** working ** ******** *** of ****.

*** **** ********* **** nicer *** *** ****** to **** ****.

*** ***** ***** ** only **** ***** ******, the ****** ** * mix ** **** ***** and *** **** ***** is ***** ******* ***** cables.

**********: ** ******** ****** rotate *** **** * photos. *** ****** ******* do *** **** ** the ******.

***** ******. *'* ********* there's ** ******* ** tie ***** ** ****** straps.

*** ******** *** ** know ** ** ************ was **** ** * competant **** ** *** is *** *** ** tie ***** ** * bundle ** *** ****** cinched **** ** **** (sarc) *** **-******* ********.

*** ****** ****** *** gently *******!

*** "**" ** *** wraps!

*** **** ** *** UK * **** ***** seen ***** ************* **** with ******. ** ** a *** *****?

* *** **** **** a ****** *** ****** in *******.

** *** *** ***** to *** *** *****, don't ******* *** ***** linearity ** ******* *** tie **** *** *****. nice *********** ** ******* here -

****** ***’* **** **** | ***** ********

* ***'* **** ** it's * *** ***** but * ****** ******* it *** *** ****** tool *** *** ****.

****, ****** ****** ********* easier ** ****, ******, change ********, ***/****** ****** with ******** ** **** the **** *** ** mess ** *** *****.

Login to read this IPVM report.
Why do I need to log in?
IPVM conducts unique testing and research funded by member's payments enabling us to offer the most independent, accurate and in-depth information.

Most Recent Industry Reports

Intersec 2020 Show Report on Jan 20, 2020
IPVM is in Dubai for Intersec, the Middle East's largest security conference. In this report, we cover the main booths and issues out of the...
Clearview AI Alarm - NY Times Report Says "Might End Privacy" on Jan 20, 2020
Over the weekend, the NY Times released a report titled "The Secretive Company That Might End Privacy as We Know It" about a company named...
Favorite Camera Manufacturer 2020 on Jan 20, 2020
The past 2 years of US bans and sanctions have shaken the video surveillance industry but what impact would this have on integrators' favorite...
Severely Impacted Mercury Security 2020 Leap Year Firmware Issue on Jan 17, 2020
One of the largest access controller manufacturers has a big problem: February 29th. Mercury Security, owned by HID, is alerting partners of the...
Apple Acquires XNOR.ai, Loss For The Industry on Jan 16, 2020
Apple has acquired XNOR.ai for $200 million, reports GeekWire. This is a loss for the video surveillance industry. XNOR.ai stunned the industry...
Installation Course January 2020 - Last Chance on Jan 16, 2020
Thursday, January 16th is your last chance to register for the Winter 2020 Video Surveillance Installation Course. This is a unique installation...
Halo Smart Vape Detector Tested on Jan 16, 2020
The Halo Smart Sensor claims to detect vaping, including popular brand Juul and even THC vapes. But how well does it work in real world...
PRC Government Entity Now Controlling Shareholder of Infinova / March Networks on Jan 16, 2020
A PRC government entity is now the controlling shareholder of US security manufacturer Infinova as well as its wholly-owned subsidiary March...
Network Cabling for Video Surveillance on Jan 15, 2020
In this guide, we explain the fundamentals of network cabling for video surveillance networks, how they should be installed, and the differences in...
ONVIF [Un]Trashed Statement, Confirms Dahua and Hikvision Still Suspended on Jan 15, 2020
ONVIF has 'trashed' the suspension statement for Dahua, Hikvision, Huawei, etc. but confirms to IPVM that those companies are all still...