Mobile Access Control Guide

By: Brian Rhodes, Published on Aug 28, 2019

One of the biggest trends in access for the last few years has been the marriage of mobile phones and access cards. But how does this work?

Based on our mobile access control shootout, in this guide, we examine:

  • BLE vs NFC vs Apps comparison
  • Why many access systems use multiple methods
  • Mobile pricing compared
  • Mobile access OEMs are common
  • Limited reader model selection typical

Plus we detail factors that may limit mobile's appeal for some users:

  • Cards & Fobs Are Inexpensive
  • 'Bring Your Own Device' (BYOD) Can Be Awkward
  • Ongoing Service Billing
  • Awkward or No Picture IDs
  • Battery Power Limitations

*** ** *** ******* trends ** ****** *** the **** *** ***** has **** *** ******** of ****** ****** *** access *****. *** *** does **** ****?

***** ***** ****** ****** ******* shootout, ** **** *****, we *******:

  • *** ** *** ** Apps **********
  • *** **** ****** ******* use ******** *******
  • ****** ******* ********
  • ****** ****** **** *** common
  • ******* ****** ***** ********* typical

**** ** ****** ******* that *** ***** ******'* appeal *** **** *****:

  • ***** & **** *** Inexpensive
  • '***** **** *** ******' (BYOD) *** ** *******
  • ******* ******* *******
  • ******* ** ** ******* IDs
  • ******* ***** ***********

[***************]

Mobile *********** ***********

***** ****** ******* ** credentials ** **** ***** has * *** **** factor.

** **** *****, *** phone *** *** **** to ** ******** ** app ********* ** ***** to **** * ****, with **** ***** ********* or ***** ******** ***** enough ** **** ******* user ********** ****.

******* ** ******** * card, ***, ***, ** fingerprint ** * ******, a **** ******* * phone ** ********* ** app *** *** **** is ********.

***** ** *** ****** personal ***** ** ******, the **** **** **** accompany ***** **** ****, wallets, ** ** ***** and **** *** *** easily **** ** ********* make **** **** ********* card ************.

Three ***** ****** *******

** ***** ** *******, three ****** ******* ** mobile *********** *** **** in ******:

  • *** (********* *** ******)
  • *** (**** ***** *************)
  • *** ***** ***********

Mobile ********** ****** **********

************ ***** ****** ** used ***** * *** difference *** ******* ****** access ***********. ** *******, access ************ **** ****** will ****** *****/*** **** methods *** ********* **** their *******, **** **** method ****** ********* *********** and ********.

*** ********* ***** ***** the ***** *********** ******* types:

*** *******, ****** *** difference ** ***** ******* the ***** *******. ***** NFC ***** ** ***** (typically **** **** * inches), *** ***** *** BLE ** ****** ** ~150 ****, ***** *** systems *********** **** ****** only ******* ** **-** and ******** ************.

** ***** *****, ***** method ** **** ******* reliability ***. *** *******, with *** ******, ***** BLE ** **** ******** for ********** ** *** reader **** ***, *** because ********* ***** ***** may ***** ***** ****** is ******* ****, ******* user ********** ** ***** determined ** ***** ****** access ****** **** ***.

Many ****** ******* *** ******** *******

** ***** ** ******** the ******** ** * particular ******, **** ****** access ******* *********** ******** mobile ******* ** ***** systems.

*** *******,*** ********** **** *** ** NFC, ***************** *** *****. *** available ******* ****** ** how ****** ** ********** into *** ****** ********, as ** *** **** with****** ********************* (***) ***** **. ****** **** *** the **** ********** *******, PDK ********** ***** *** and *** **. *** only *** *** ****** version.

***** *** ** *** readers **** ******* **** credentials, **** ******* *********** directly **** ******* **********,** *** **-** ** communicate ** *** ******.

BLE (********* *** ******)

*** ** *** **** common ****** ****** ****** method, ******** ** ****** all ****** ****** *** mobile ****** ********.

* *** ******* ** that *** ********* ***** are **** ** *** cost ******** ** ***, and ************* ****** ****** money ** ******* *** compliant **** ********** ** volumes ****.

** ***** ** **********, BLE ******** ****** ***** to ********, ** **** phone ********* *** * showstopper *** ***** ******* backup ********** ******* **** cards, ****, ** **** to ** ****.

*** *** ****** *** most ****** ****** ** remote *************, ***** ******** engineering ********* ********** *** low/no *** ********* *****. Many ********-***** ******** **********,****, *** ***** ********** use *** ** ******* credentials.

NFC (**** ***** *************)

*** ********* ** ****** is *****, **** ******* phones ******** ******** ***************, but *****/******* ***** **************** ******* **** *** **** with ****** ******.

** ***** ** *********, NFC ********* *** ********** of ***** ***** ** use * **********. **** an *** **** *** been ******* ** ** access **********, ** *** be **** ** * passive **** *** ***** energized ** *******, * feature ******* *** ** Apps *****.

***** ****** ******* *** US *** ************ **** banking, ******* *****, *** mass *******, *** *** is ***** ********** ****** the ** *** ********* BLE ** **** ****** used.

App *****

* *****, *** **** common, ****** **** ** app ** ******* * door ****** ********.

*** *** ****** ***** was **** ** ******* consumer-grade ********* *************, *** *** ******** into ********** ********* *********,********* ****,****,********,*****, *** ******.

*** ***** ** ***** shows * '*** **** to ******' ****** ********* as ********** **** ********* ******:

***** **** ******, ****** use **-** ** *********** with ******* ** ******** interface **** ********* **** controllers.

**** ********* *** ******* customer ******** ** ***** remote ****** *** *** or ******* *********, ***. to **** ***********.

Pricing *** ****** ****** *******

*** **** ** ****** mobile ** ***** ****** typically ******** ***** ******* (often ********* ***** ****) and * ******** / licensing ****.

******* *** ******* ********* range ~$*** - $*** each.

******** / ********* **** ranges *************:

  • *** **** ******** ******* fee: **** ** ********* the ***** ********* ******* typical ****** **** ******* like ********* **** *** Nortek ********* ******** ***** $10 *** ******, *** time ****.
  • ******* ******** ******* *** per ******: ******** *** Proxy ****** * ******* fee *** ****** ** $20. ***** * ****** ratio ** ** ******* (or ****) *** ******, this ** ** ********* cost ** * *** dollars *** ***** *** device.
  • ******* ******** ******* *** per ******: **** ** typically *** **** ********* overall ****** **** ******* like *** *** ***** generally ******** $* ** more *** ****** *** month.

** *** **** *** of ****** *********, **** $70+ ** **** *** year *** ******, ********** costs *** ******** *** or **** ******** ** conventional ******** *********** **** range **** $* ** $8 **** ***, ** average, **** ** ***** a ****, ** *** multiple *****.

Mobile ****** **** ******

***** ****** ******* ******* use ******* *******/***'* ********* for ***** ****** ****** offerings.

*** *******, *** ****** brands ***** *** ***** suppliers:

**** ******** ********** ****** brands ****, ***** *** their ****** **** ***** vendors, *** ***** ******** a ****** ****** *** may **** ***** ** licensing *** ***********, *** technical ***********.

Limited ****** ***** *********

** ******* ********** ** mobile ****** ** **** only * *** ******* are **********, ***** *** limit ********* *** **** how *** ****** ** connected ** * **** controller *** ******* ** OSDP.

*** ********** ***** ***** from *** ******** ***** the ********* ** ******** reader ****, *** ****** application ***** **** ******* mounts *** *** ** possible ***** ** ***** product ** ****:

** **** *****, **** with*** ******, * ****** ** form ******, **** ********** format *******, *** ******* vs. **** ********** ******* are ********* ******* *** entire *** ** ****** line ** ****** **********.

*******, ******* *** ************* limited **** * ****** like****** **** ******** **** *** ****, 125 *** *** *******-**** model *********.

Management & ***** ********* ********

************* *** ******** ****** access ** *** ****** for ********** ****** *******.

* ***** ** ********** and ****** ******* ********** issues **** ** **** are *** ********* ******* with *********** ********** *******. These *******:

  • ***** & **** *** Inexpensive
  • '***** **** *** ******' (BYOD) *** ** *******
  • ******* ******* *******
  • ******* ** ** ******* IDs
  • ******* ***** ***********

Cards & **** *** ***********

****** ******, **** *********** ones, *** ******* *** - *** *** **** of * ****. *** the **** ** *********** a ***** ** **** higher, ********* ******** ********* and ******** ******* ***** a **** ******* **** inexpensive *** *********** **** to ******** **** ******.

** * **** ****** or ** ****, *** employer ******** * $** piece ** *******, ***** if * ***** ****** or ** ****, ******* must *** ******** ** dollars ** ******* **.

'Bring **** *** ******' (****) *** ** *******

** **** *****, ********* will *** ** ****** employee ******. *********, '***** Your *** ******', ** asking ***** ** ******** their ******** ****** *** commercial **** ******** ******** problems.

****** *** ***** **** how ********** ******* ******** is **********, ** ******* or *** ***** ****** are ******* ** ****** employer ************ *** ******* management ********* ** ******** devices.

Ongoing ******* *******

******* *********** ***** ** what ******* ** *** phone **** ** ******?

** ******* ************* ****** the ************** ** *********, even ** **** ****** enter **** ********* ** a ******? ** **** employers ****** *******?

****** ***, *** ******** leaves * *** ****** to ** *********** *** otherwise ****** ** ****** credentials *** *** ****.

Awkward ** ** ******* ***

****** ******** ***** **** are ***** ******* **** the ****'* *******, ****, and ***** ******** ******* like ** ***** ** magstripes, ***** *** ****** or ******** **** ***** with ******.

******* *** *** * factor ** ******** ************ for ***** ******** *****, where ** * ****** others *** ***** *** picture ** * **** to *** ****** ********** it *** ******.

************* *** ****** ****** this ** **** ********* by ********* ******, ***** require ***** ** **** other ******** ** ***** proof *** ***** **** is ******.

******** **** ****** ******** or ********* ********* *** phones *** ** ******** for ****** *****, *** while ******** ** *********, overall ********** *** **** to ****** *** ***** may ******** **** ** the '****** ******' *****.

Battery ***** ***********

**** ******** ** ***** as ******* **** *** issues **** ******, *** their ******* ** ******** credentials ******** ** ********* credential **** ** *****:

******, ******* *****, ********* condition, ******** ********, *** even *****-******* ******* *** mitigated ****** **** *****.

Mobile ****** ********

*** * ******** **** at **** ** *** leading ****** ****** *********, see ********* ****** ******* ************* ** ******* *** key ********* *** ********** of ****.

***** **** ******* ** each ** ***** ********* in *** ****** ****** test ******:

Comments (19)

************* ***, (** * commercial *******)?

**!

***** *** ******* *'** seen *** ****** ** an **********, *** **** are *** **** ****** these ****. * *** not *** *** ******** at *** ** *******.

* ***'* ***** *** will **** *** ******* for ***** ***** ** phone *****, ******. ***'** need ** *** *** mobile *** *****. ******* I've **** *** *** or ****** ******** ** Alibaba ** ****.

*** ** *** ****** of ****** ****** ************ for ******? ** *** my ************* ** ** more ******* **** ****** than **** *** ********** (I ***** ******** *** Salto **** ******* ****** technologies). ** *** **** any **** *** **** may ** *** ****?

* ******* ****** ** indeed ******** *** ****** in *********** *******, ********** for ******-*** **********.

******* *********** ******* ******** lots *** **** ** credentials, ******** ** * single ***** ****, (**** just **** ** *****) the ********* ******* ** these ****** *** **** quite ***** - **** is *** ***'** ***** see *********** ******* ** them, ** **** ****** or ********* *** **** of *** ****.

*** ** ** **** colleagues **** ** ** a ****** **** ***** mobile *********** ******* **** used. *** ****** ******* of *****-**, **** ******, and *****-*** *** **** via *** ***.

****** ****** *** ********* advantages ** *********** ** app ** ****** ****** (marketing '***' ** '*******' deals, ******** ******* ******, etc), **** ********* *** 'cool ******' ** ****** with ***** ******** *********, and ****** *********/********** ** many ******.

*** *** ******* **** mobile ***** *********** ************* expire **** *** ***** guest ***** *** **** arrives **** ** **** cards?

********, ** *** ** these *** ******* ******* a ******** ******** ****?

*** **** *** ******** potentially **** ******?

**'* ** *********** ****. None ** *** ******* we've ****** ******* * feature **** ****.

*’* ******* *** ** idea **** ***** **** quite ********* ** * person ******** ** * reader **** * **** phone :)

**'** **** * *** products ***** ***** ***** can ** *********** ** a **** **** *** 'solar/light' *****:

*** **** ** ** the **** ******* ** dead, ***** *** **** on *** *** ********** on ***** ****** *** charge ** *** **** enough ** *** ******.

** ******, ** *****'* tested ****, *** *** idea ** *** ******** in ********** ******** ** have ****.

** ** *** ****** MiFare ** * *****?

** ** *** ***’* legacy ****** **** ******* read *** ******?

** ** *** ****** MiFare ** * *****?

**. **** *********, *** NFC ** * ******** transmission ****** *** *** own.

***** *** *********** *** the ****, * ****** if * ****** ****** would ***** *** *** chip ** * **** smartphone ******* ***** ******. though * ******* ** wouldn’t ******* ** ** wouldn’t ********** *** *******.

**** ** *** **** of ********** ****** ******* **** NFC/Mifare ************* ** **** sort:

**'* ***********. **************** ******(**** ***** ***) ******** his *** **** ** emulate ****** ** *******, apparently ************* ** *** system, *** ** ***** it '* **** *** * half' **** ********** ******** a ***** **** *** modification ** ***'* ********* file:

*******, ** *** *** the ******** *** * hack *** * ****. Only ******* **** *** NFC *********** ***** **** be ******** **. *******, I *** ** ****** the **********.*** (******* *** file ****** ** **) system **** *** ******* the ********* ** *** application. **** ***** **********, enable ****** *********. **** using * ****** ******/****** (hid *****), * ****** the **** (******* *** blocks, ** ** **** sector *) **** *** phone.In *******, * ***** *** ***** ** * ****** ** ****. **** **, * ****** ** ** **** ** *** *****. *** ***'* **************** *** ****.

** *** ***, *** poster ****** '******** * proved ** ********, ** is *** ******** *** production.' ***********, * ****** ** was ***** ****** ******* (the ****** ** *** list *** ******) ** DESFire ***; ***** *** 'cracked' ******* *** *** DESFire ***. [****: *** is ******** **** ** a *** **** ** still ********* *** ******, with '******' ****.]

* ** *** ******** enough **** *** ********* barriers ** ******* ** whether ** *** ***-*** readers *** **** ******** MIFARE ** ******* ******* without ********.

*** ***** « ***********, I ****** ** *** using ****** ******* (*** format ** *** **** you ******) ** ******* EV1; ***** *** '*******' formats *** *** ******* EV2 »

****** ******* *** ******** cracked *** ******* *** was ***** *******, ** my *********. ****** ******* more *********** ** *** have ** (******* *** is *** *** **** thing ** ****** *******, which *** *******)

**, ****'* * **** catch. *** ** **** crackable **** *** ****** key ** ***** (** if *** ******* *** is ****, ***** ***** it ********** *** **** as '*******').

*** ********* *** ***** sniffers ****** ****** ***** keys, *** *** ***** must ********* ** ********. If **** ***** ** known, **** *** ****** can ** **********.

** ** ** ************* that *** ****** ****** keys ** ** ****.

** **** ***** ** a **** ***. ******* EV1 *** *** **** been ******* **** ******** as ***********.

********** ******* ********** (***) offers * ********** ******* based ** **** **** offering *** (*** *******) BLE (*** *** ** Apple ************), ****/******** ****** the *** ****** *** "shake ** ******". **'* reader ****** *** *** items *** **** **** as **** ** ***** 125k ** ****** **********.

****** ****** *** ** limited ** ******** ********* (e.g. *********, ***** *******) and ************

*. **** *** ****** access ** *** **** whom *** *** ********** visiting *** ****** ** often ** ********** ******** office *********.

*. *** ** **** for ********* **** *** barrier **** ** *** long **** *****, *********** to ****

* ********** *** **** little "*****" **** *** mobile *** ****** *** on * ********'* ****.**** all *** ********* ********** on ******* ** ****** pretty **** **** *** blueetoth *** *** ********* so **** *** ****** was ******* ****** *** reader's **** (*.*. **** they **** *** *** a ***** ) ** was *********** *********** ** the ******.***** ** ******* in *** *** *** you *** *** ********* output *********** (*** ** you ***** **** *****) Apple *****'* ***** *** parties ** *** ***** telephone ******** (*** ********** power *** ** ******* mode) *** ***** *** nothing ** ** ****** to **** ***** **** to ** ******** ** their ***** ** ** go **** **** **** plattform

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