'Donation Diplomacy' From Dahua, Hikvision, and Huawei Examined

By Robert Wren Gordon, Published Oct 19, 2021, 09:10am EDT

PRC China manufacturers donating technology is widespread in Latin America but rare in other geographies such as the US, Canada, and Europe. Inside this report, IPVM examines the benefits or and risks involved in such donations.

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Whether corporate philanthropy, such as that engaged in by Dahua, Hikvision, and Huawei in Latin America, is truly altruistic has been debated by scholars for nearly a quarter-century. IPVM's research and interviews with experts from the US and Latin America shed light on this trend.

Executive *******

**** ******** ** **** than **** ***** ********* from *****, *********, *** Huawei **** *****. ** **** ******-** report, ** ******* *** these ********* **** *** manufacturers ********* ************* **** Latin ******** ********** ********* over ***********. ** **** outline *** ******* ********** could ******* *** ***** American ****** ******* *** deployment ** ********, ********** devices.

**********

***-***** ************ ************* ***** making ******* **** ***** America ***** ** ***** ago, ********* ** *** York-based ***** ********** *********.****** *** **** ****, Western ************* **** *********************** ** ********* ***** own ******** ** *** region.

***** ******** *********** **** began ********* *** *************' technology ** *** ****** sector, ***** ******* ***** Dahua, *********, *** ****** an **** **** ***********,********* ** ****** *********. **** *********** ** supported ** *** ******** of**. ****** ******** ********(********), ** ********* ********* at ********* *. ******* ****** of ****** *******, *** University ** ***** ** Austin, ***** ****** *** surveillance *******. **. ******** told **** **** ***** American *********** **** ***** the *****'* ******** ******** of *** **********:

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***** ******* *** *** of *** ******** ******* in *** ***** ** start ******** ******* **** city **********, *** ******* one ** *** ***** of *** ***** ***** it ***** ** ** used ****. *** ****** of ********* ***** **** technology ********* ** **** through ****, ***** ** the **** **** *** dataset ********.

*********, *** ************* **** been ******** ********** ***** at ***** ****, ******** ********* ** * Dahua ******** ** ************* ******** ** **** year.

Coronavirus *******, ********* ****

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*** ********* ** ********* from ***-***** ********* ** Latin ******** *********** *** increased ************* ****** *** last *** *****, ******** ********** ****** **** 30 ********* ** ******* technology ** ******** *********** in **** *** ***** 2021.

PRC ************* ******* **** *********

*** *** *************' ********* fall ***** *** ******** of ********* ************, *** effect ** ***** *** been ************ ***** *** 1990s.** * **** ******* published ** *** ******* of ********* **************,********* ***** *************, ** *** ******* context, **** ********* ************ constitutes * "************ ********" "business **********" **** ******* "marketing ************* *** **********" such ** "***** *********** and ******* ****** *********."

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**. ******** ****** **** PRC *************' ***** ******* donations ***** ******* ******** benefits ** *** ******:

********* ** ************ ********** for ******** *** ****** safety ***** ***** ******* purposes. *****, **** ***** be **** ********* ** if ***** ** **** concern ** * **** or ******* ***** *** level ** *****, *** if *** ********** ** question ** ********* ** an ********* ******** ** that *******.

******, ********* *** ** donating ***** ******* ** the **********, ** *** part ** * ******, in ***** **** ******* decide **'* ***** ********* in * ******-***** ********.

*****, **** *** **** that * *****-***** ************* of ******** ********* **** the ****/****** ******, *** potentially *** *********, ** make * ****** **********—* donation ** ************* ****** or ***** ** *******.

******, ********* *** ** part ** * ****** corporate ******** ** ****** relationship **********; ** **** case, ********* ** ************/******** technology ***** *** ** a ********* ******** ******* to ********* ************* **** state *** ***** *********, helping ********* * ******** foothold *** *** ******* in * ***** **** it ***** ** **** multiple ***** ** ******** over *** ******-****.

***** *****(********), * ******** ****** at ********** ** ******* *********(***), * *** ****-***** think ****, ****** *** lock-in ***** ******* **** by **. ******** ** comments ** ****:

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Chinese *****, *** ** ******, *** *** *****’* ******* ********* ** ** ************ ********** **** *** ****** ********. These “safe city” programs, as Huawei terms them, encompass everything from facial recognition technology to video surveillance systems. Because Digital Silk Road (DSR) projects tend to package technology in bundles, recipient ****** *** **** ****** ** ******** *********** ********* ************ ** **** ** * ******* ***********, **************, *** ********** (***) ********. The same technology that monitors traffic flows and assigns parking tickets is also used for the digital surveillance of citizens, for example. DSR makes it easier for countries to acquire surveillance technology, providing authoritarian states with greater capabilities to entrench themselves and monitor their populations. Surveillance technology exports through DSR will not turn a democratic country into an authoritarian one, but they could be used to cement authoritarian control where it already exists or abet a mixed regime’s backsliding. Furthermore, the ******** ****** ** *****’* ***** ****** ********* *** ****** ** ************ ***** **** *** ******* ****** **** ****** **** ******** **** **** ** ******** *****. [emphasis added]

Benefits *** ***********?

***** ********* ******* *************, but ***** ***** **** help ***** *********** ***********, particularly ** ***** *******, where *********** *** *** as **** ****** ** in *** ** *** Europe *** ********* ****** afford *** **********. ** comments ** ****, ***** American ******* ** **-***** digital ******** ********* ******* **** **** ** the **** ******* ** PRC *************' ********* ** these ***********:

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*** **** ******* **** could **** **** ***** business ********* ** ** save ***** *** ****** that *** ********* ***** of ********* *********.

Security **** *** *** ***** ******** ******

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***** ********** ********* ******* numerous ******** *** ************* and **** ****-******** *********** acquire *** *******, *** donations **** ******** *********, including *************. ********-***** ****** Dahua *** ********* **** have ********* ************* ***********, with***** ********* *** '*****' vulnerabilities **** ******************* ************ * *.* critical ************* ********* **** 100 ******* ******* ***** ago.

**. ******** ** *** University ** ***** ** Austin ***** ******** ** a "****" ** **** PRC *************' *********, ****** that ** ** ******* where **** ******** ** donated ******* ** ******, who *** ****** **, and *** ** *** be ****:

*** ***** ** ***** this ********** **** ** do **** **** ********, user *******, *** *** broader ******* *** ********* could **** ** ***** liberties, ***** ******, *** the ******* ** *********.We ***'* **** ** * *** ** *****, *** *******, ***** *** **** ** ****** *** *** **'* ****** ****. [emphasis added]

****** *** **** ********* the ************ ******* *** security ** ******* ********** in *** ******** ** IPVM, ** ******** ** the ***** ****** ************ of ********* *** ****:

**** ** ***** ** donations, *************, ***** ******** officials ** *** **** into ******* *** ***** that ***** ************ ***** for ***** ******, *** quality ** *** ********, the ******** ******** **** use, ***.

"Not ****' ** *** ***********

***** **** *************, ***** is **** *** ******* concern **** *************' ********* constitute ** ****-*********** ********.*****'**** *******************'* ***** ********** **** ****-********** ****** *** **** ***** has ******** ** ******'* convoluted ************ **** *** PRC. ******** ***********, **** as ****, *****, ******, Mobotix, *** ******** (*.*., Avigilon, ************, *****) *** all ******* ********, ******* governmental ********* ** *******. As ****, ***** ********* can ***-****** ** ****** five-figure ******* ****** *************** or ** **** ***,*** ******* ** ***** governments, ** ***** *** Hikvision **** **** ** São *****, ******'* ******* ****.

****** *** ****** **** the ********* **** ***********:

It ** **** ***** **** ***** ********* *** *** **** **** *** ***** ** **** ** ***********. It is difficult to know why these companies give away their products and it can only generate speculation. [emphasis added]

Sidestepping ************** ********

****** *** ******* ***** surveillance ***** ** ***** America ** ******* ** transparency** ** ****** ****** that *** ********** ** IPVM. *** ** *** argues **** ********* ********* skirt ************** ********, ************ the ********* ****** *** the ********** ** *********** and ******* ** *** deployment ** *********** *******:

[*]******** *** ******** **** way ********** *** ********* prior ****** **** ***** allow ******** ******* ***** technologies *** ********* ********* and ************.

********* ***** *** ********* among ***** *********** **** quality ** ********, ******** discussion ** *** ********** and *********** ** ********** technologies (*.*., *** ** the ******* ******* ** night, *** **** **** they ****, ***.) *** instead *********** ****** ******** to ***** ** ***** of *** ***** ******* of ******* ******** *** donated.

** **** ***** ************ systems ****** ****** *****, this ******** *** ** detrimental ** ***** *********** over *** **** **** due ** *** ****** maintenance ***** ** ****, such ** ***** ********** by**** ********** ** *** York********* ***********. **** ****(********) ******* ******** ** ****:

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Resist *** **** ** *** *** ******* **, ****** *** **** ** ***** ****, ** ******* **** ****** **** ** **** because you frankly can't afford to do so because it's not just about paying for the cameras, it's about paying for the cameras as well as all of the other things that need to be in place for video surveillance to be successful. [emphasis added]

****** *** ****** **** this **** ** ************, coupled **** * ************* absence ** **************, **** the ********* * ****-**** for ***** ******** ************ and *** ****** ** large:

In ** *** **** **** ******* ***** ******** ********* for the simple fact that these technologies are not beneficial to anyone and because they eliminate the necessary transparency and accountability that should surround any deployment of technologies that may affect human rights. [emphasis added]

**** **** ** **************, along **** ***** *********, such ** **********, *********** some ********* **** ******* to ***** *********** *** raises *** *** *** some ******.

PRC ********** ******** **** *********

***** **** *** **** that *** *** ********** clearly ******** **** *****-**********/-*****/-****** companies **** *****, *********, and ****** ********* ******** PR ******, ********** ********* are **** **** ** a ******* ******** ** furthering *** ******* ****** objectives.

*********** **** ************* ******** ********** ** Chile*** ****. ********* *******, *** **** **** permission ** ***** **** their ******* "*****’* ******* *** ********* Drivers: ******* **** * Novel ******* ** **** Diplomacy ** ***** ******* During *** *****-** ********," ******* *********** ** the ******* ** ******* Chinese *******, ***** **** private *** *********' ********* "'follow *** ****' ** the ***** **** **** follow *** ************ *** allocation ******* **** ** the ************ ******** ** their **** ******* [*** PRC]". *** *******, *** Chilean *********** ******* ******, linking *** ****** **** its ** ******* *** "strong ******* ** ***** America" ** *** ********-***** manufacturer's ****** *** *** technology ********* ** ** Latin ******** *********.

**** ***** ******* ********* last *****, *******'* ********** ** Washington,****** ****, ***** **** *** PRC ** ******* **** to ********** ************ *** pull ******** ***** ******** governments **** **** *** US's *****:

** ******* ** ******* the ********* [** *******]. He ***** ** ***** with ***... ***** ** waiting, ******, ‘**’** ****. We’re ****** *** *****.’ They **** ******* ** course, *** **** ***’* say ****.

***** **** ***** **** the ***'* '******** *********' has *** ******** ******** provided ** ***** *********, writing **** "******* *** thankful *** *****’* ******** of * ******* ******* doses ** ****, **** says. *** ***** *** already ******** ** *******."

** *****, ******* *********, whether **** ** * China-based ******* ** * PRC ********** ******* ******, the *** ** ******* more ***** ** ***** America *** *********** ***** government *********, ** ***** Sacks ** *** *** notes:

******* ***** *** ********* often ***** *** [********] with ******** ********* ****** they *** **** *********** with, ******** ********** ************ and ***** *** **** of ******** ** *** continued ******* ** ********** politicians *** ********* *******.

Taiwan ********* **** ** ********* ***********

***** *** ******* ******* of **** *****'* ***** America ********* ****, **** added *** ***-*** ******* featuring *******'* *********** ** an ******* **** ******** to *** ********* ****** state ****. ***** *** *****(********).

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**. ***** *** ***** is *** ** **** 15 ********* **** ***** maintain ****** ********** ********* with ****** ** **** of *******. *********** **** the ********** ******** ********** of ***** ***** **** such ********* *********, **** PRC *********, *** *** altruistic *** *** ******* tied ** *** ***** of ******'* ********* ********** recognition *** *** '****** Cost' (*.*., *********** ********* with ****** ** *** expense ** ****** ***** relations **** *** ***).

No ********** ********* **** ***-***/****** *************

***** **** ***-***** ************* like *****, *********, *** Huawei, *** ******'* *******, IPVM *** *** ***** evidence ** *** ***-*****/****** companies ******** ** ***** American ***********. ****** *** agreed ** ******** ** IPVM:

** ** *** **** of ***** ** ***** companies ******** ******* ************ in *** ******.

*********, ****** *** ********* that **** *** *** aware ** *** ********* of ********** ********* ***** turned **** ** ******** by ***** ******** ****** authorities.

**********

** ********* ** ******** professionally ******** ****** ** the ******* ******** ** PRC *************, **** ** Dahua ***** ***** ********* the ******* ******** ** a ******* *****, *****-***** tech ****** **** ***** corporate ************ ** * PR *** ******** ****. This ******** *** ************* with ******** ********** *** generates ******** *** **** towards *** ***** *** also ******* *** *** government.

***** ********* ******* *** donor ***, ** *********, the ***, *** ********** Latin *********' ************* *** tilt *** ******* ***** in ***** ** *****, Hikvision, *** ******. ** integrating ***** **** **** their ***** **************, ******** governments *** *** **** of ****** *** *** greater ******** **** ***** internal *******, ********* ** the ***'* ***** *****:

[*]** ****** **** ** that ***** ** **** to *** *** ******** and ******** ********* ** exercise * **** **** a *******'* *********, ****** than * ******, ***** seizure ** **************. ** a ******, *** ****** States *** ****-****** ********* lose ******** **** **** would **** ********* ******* to ******** ***** ********* to ******* ***** **********.

Comments (4)

***'* **** **** *** of *** ****** **** the *** ** ******* influence ** ****** ** well?

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

******* ********* ************, **** as **** ******* ** by *****, *********, *** Huawei ** ***** *******, is ***** ********** *** been ******* ** ******** for ****** * *******-*******.

*’* ** *******, *** I **** **** ** asserting **** ************ *** not “***** **********” ***************. Just ** *******.

Agree: 3
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

**** ******* **** ****** 2014 ********* ********* *********.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 2
Unhelpful
Funny

****** *** **********. ** wanted ** ***** ** more ****** *********, *** please **** **** ** share *** ******** ** relevant ***-**** ********* ********* and *'** ****** **** post *** *** ********* post ***********.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny
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