IP Network Hardware for Surveillance Guide

By John Scanlan, Published Dec 27, 2021, 09:17am EST

IP networking equipment is critical to an effective video surveillance system. But what are the key pieces of equipment, important features, and where and why should you use these elements?

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In this report, IPVM answers those questions and examines:

  • Fast / Gigabit / 10 Gigabit Ethernet
  • Actual vs. Rated Throughput
  • Ethernet Switches
  • PoE vs non-PoE Switches
  • Managed vs. Cloud vs. Unmanaged Switches
  • Routers / Default Gateways
  • Cloud Bridges / Appliances
  • Media Converters - Fiber and Coax
  • Ethernet over UTP Extenders
  • Ethernet Network Distance
  • Wireless
  • Network Interface Cards
  • Multiple NICs
  • Customer Premise Equipment
  • Racks and Shelves

Network ******

*** **** ******** ** network **** ** ***** for ****** *** **/* (Fast ********) ** *,*** Mb/s (******* ********/***). ***** ratings ******** ********** ********, i.e., *** **** **** each **** *** ******. Other ********, **** ** 10 ** ** ******* Ethernet, *** ********* ****** generally *** **** ** surveillance **** ********* ** uplinks.

***** *** ***** ****** speed ******* ** *** in ******** *****:

  • **** ********: *** ****
  • ******* ********: *,*** ****
  • ****** ******: ** ****, 40 ****, *** ****

Fast ********

**** ******** (*** **/***) is **** *** *********** to ***** *******, **** as *******, ********, *** I/O *******. ****** ** these ******* ******* ******* speed. ******* *****-********* *** 4K ******* ****** (**** some ********* ******* *****), camera ******* *** ********* 15 **/* *** *****, simply *** ***** ****** to ******* *** *** of ******* ******** *** the **** ** *** network.

Gigabit ********

** ********, ******* ******** (GbE) ******* *** ***** to ****** *** **** data *** ****** **** Fast ******** *******. *** devices *** ********* ********** more ********* (**-**%) **** their ********** **** ******** counterparts. ** ************, *** is ********* **** ** connect ******** ********, ** Fast ******** ** ********* not **** ****** *** these *********. ************, ** may ** **** ** connect ******* ** ******* devices (***/***).

10+ ******* ********

** *** *** ****** speeds *** ******** ** surveillance. ** ** ********* used ** **** ****** applications ********** ***** ********** of ******** *** ******* which ******* **** ********** than **** **/* ***** can *******. *** **** likely *********** *** ** GbE ** ************ ** in ********** ***** ********** of ******* ** * storage ******* (***), ********* only **** ** **** large *******, **** ** citywide ************.

****** ****** **** ** 40 *** *** *** are ****, *********, *** unlikely ** *** *** in ************ ** *** near ******.

Actual **********

*** ***** ****** ********** capacity ** *** ** these ******* **** ** less **** *** ******** implies, ** ***** ******* variables *** *** ****** design ****** ****** * portion ** ********* ** overhead. *********, ***** **-**% of ***** ***** *** be ******** *** ****** throughput, ******* **-** **/* in * **** ******** link, ***-*** **/* ** GbE, ***.

Ethernet ********

*** ****** ** * key ********** ****** ****** IP ************ ********. *** primary ******** ** * switch ** ** ******* distribution *** **** ****** a *******, **** * typical **** ** * surveillance ****** ** ********** cameras ** ********* *** recorders ** ******* *******.

**** ********** *** ********* switches *** ******, ******* ranging **** * ** 96 ***** (** ********* more) ** * ****** box. ** *** ****-*** enterprise-scale, ******** ******** *** be ****** ******** **** a ****** ******* **** potentially ********* ** ********* of *****.

IPVM Image

**** ******** ****** *** be ********* **** *** or **** *** *****, which *** ************ ************ is ****** *** ********** multiple ******** ******** ******* to * ******* ********* server. *************, * ****** may **** ******** **** an***/+ ************** *** ********** *** switch ** ***** ***** cables ** ******* **** bandwidth ******* ******.

*** ********** ********** **** **** integrators ***** ****** ***** switches**** ******, ****** ** a ******* ****** **** in ******** *****, *** only ***** ********** ****** above ********.

PoE ** ***-*** ********

*************,**** ** ****** *********** use *** ********. ***** *** ******** switches **** **** ***** IP ******* ********* ** them. *** *** ****** for *** ******** *** how **** ***** ***** they ******* (**** ** not ******* ****** ** all ***** *** ******** IP *******) *** *** many ***** *** *** powered. ****, ** **** to ***** *** **** ports ** *** ****** are *** *******, ** it ** ******** **** than *** ***** **** count *.*. * ** port *** ****** *** only **** * ***** that ******* ***. *** more, *** ****** ***** *** ** Video ************.

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Managed ********

******* ******** ***** *** user ** *******, **** commonly *** * *** interface, ** ******* ********** and ***** *****. ********* levels ** ********** *** available, ******** ******** ** as "***** ********" ****** "fully *******", ****** *** features ********* ** **** vary ** ************.

** ************, ******* ******** are **** ******** ****, as **** *** ****** (outside ** **** *****, low-cost *-* **** *******) include **** **** ** management **********. ************ ***** may *** *** ********** interface ** ****** ******* by ******* *** *****, set ** ******* ********** via ****, **** ********* for ***************,******* ************ ******* *** VLANs, ** ********* *********, all ********* *** ***** in ********* ******. ***** is *** *** ********* of * ***** ******* switch.

IPVM Image

******* ******** **** ***** users ** ***** **** is ********* ** **** port *** ****** ***************. Some ********* **** ********** more ******** **** ** viewing **** ***********, ** well, **** ** ********, which ****** ********* ******* viewing ** ****** **** status:

IPVM Image

Cloud ********* **********

** ******** ** ***** management ********** **** *** above, **** ****** ******* have ******** ***** ********** of ***** *******, ***** allows *** ****** ********** and ********** ******* ******** port ********** ** **** complex *** *****.

********'* ***** ** ** example ** ****, ***** below **** ***** ***** managed:

IPVM Image

** ****, ***** ********* switches *** ********* **** all ****** ****** *************. Some ************* ***** ** upgrade **** *********** ******* switch ******** ** ***** connected ********, ****** **** a ******** **** ** products ************ *** ***** switches, *** ****, **** Ubiquiti, ******, *** ******, offer *****-***** ********. ***** is ** ******* ** the ******** *****-********* ****** information.

IPVM Image

Unmanaged ********

** ******** ** ******* switches, ********* ******** ***** no ************* ** ********** capabilities, ****** ********** ******* on * ****** ******** LAN. **** *** ********* the ******-**** ****** ********* but ****** ** **** only ** **** ***** systems, ********* * ******* and *****, ***** ********** and ******** ************* *** not ********. *******, *** small **-***** ******* *** unmanaged ******** **** ******* ones *** ****** ** far **** *********** ****** in *** ****-**** ** or **** ******** ****** emerge **** ***** **** benefited **** ****** ********** capabilities.

*******

***** ******** *** **** to ******* ******* ******** in * ***** *******, routers *** **** ** connect ******** ********. *** router ******** ******* *******, sending **** ******* ********* outside *** ***** ******* through *** *** **** to * ***** (********* to *** ********). ***** traffic ** **** ********.

***** **** ******* *** simply **** ** ***** network *******, **** ******** they ******* ******** ********. This ****** **** ******** traffic **** ******** ******* through *** ******, ***** on ***** *** ** users.

** ************, ******* *** most ***** **** ** connect *** ************ ******* to ***** ********, ****** as * ******** ********. This ****** *** ************ network ** ****** ************ except ** ***** ***** which ************** ******.

**** ******* ************ *************** ******** / ******** such ** ***.

IPVM Image

********* ** ******* *** not ********* ******** ** routers, **** *** ********* to ******** *** **** the ******** *** ********* to *** ******.

Router/Switch '***********'

**** ******* *** ******* switch *****, ********** ****** intended *** ****** ***** or ******** ***. **** eliminates *** **** *** a ******** ****** ** small ********. *******, ***** ports *** ****** ***, so ****** ****** ****** connections ******** * *********** *******.

****, **** ******** ******* routing *********. *******, ***** devices *** ********* **** in ***** **** ******** to **** *********** ******* multiple ***** **** *********** routers, ***** ******* *** still **** *** ****** security ************, **** ** connecting ** *** ********.

Cloud ******* / **********

**** ***** ********** ** grow, **** ********* *** offer * ****** ******/******/******* device ******** ******** ** as * "******." ***** exact ********* ****, *** bridge ********* ******** *** switch ***** *** *******, which ** ********* ** the ***** ***** **. Bridges *** **** ******* local ******* ****** *** short **** (**** ***** stored ****** **** ** the *****) ** **** term ******* (**** *** cloud ** ****** ********* access ** ***** **********).

IPVM Image

***** ******* *** **** in **** *** **** factor ********* **** ****** count, ********, *** ******. Below *** **** ******** of *** ******* **** factors: ***** **** ****** (similar ** * ***), NVR ****, *** *********** server-based.

IPVM Image

***** *** **** ***** for ***** *******: ******, appliance, **** (***** ******* video ********), *** (***** video ********), *** ****.

Media ********** - ***** *** ****

***** ********** ***** ******** from ******/*** ****** ** fiber ******. ***** ***** cables ******* ****** *********, longer *********, *** *** immune ** ****** ***** of ************ ***** ****** copper ******** ******.

IPVM Image

** ************, ***** ***** converters *** **** ******** used ** ******* ******* more **** **** **** from * ****** ** a ******** *******, **** as ****-******* ******* ** parking ****. *** ****, see***** ******* ***** *********.

******* **** ** ***** converter ****** ** ************ is *** ******** **** Coax *******. *** *********** media ********** ***** ***** to ***** ******** ******* cables ********* *** ****** camera ******* ** ******* new ** *******. ** cover ***** ** ****** in *********** **** **** ********.

Ethernet *********

** ** **** ******** to ****** ******** *********** on ******* *** ******* far ****** *** **** max ** ***** ******** extenders, ***** ******* ****** in **** ***** ****, regenerating *** ****** *** passing ***.

IPVM Image

***** ******* *********** ********* the **** ** ******* an *** **** *** own ****** ** * given ******** ** ******** standards ********* *** ******* while ******** **** *********.

Ethernet ******* *********

******* *** ******* **** remains ********, ********** ** speed, ** *** ******** between *** *******. *** Fast *** ******* ******** over **** ***** ** UTP *****, *** ******** should *** ****** **** (330') *** *** ********** set *********.*. ****** ** ******* the ******** ****** ***** to **** *********** ********, usually ******* ***** ******* and ************* ****** ******* cameras, ********, *** *******. For **** *** ******* ******** ******** ****.

***** *** **** ************* which *********** ******** *********, ***** **** ********** as ********** ** *** testing. *******, ***** ****** cable **** ** ********* ** *********, ***** *** ** unacceptable ** **** *****. Additionally, ** *********-********* ********* is **** ** *** future, ***** **** **** need ** ** ************, and ******** ***/** ********* added, ***.

Network ********* *****

*** ******* ********* **** (NIC) ******** *** ********* function ** ********** * computer ** * *******. A "********" ***** ** a ****** ** ***********, but ***** **** ******** an ** ****** ** NVR. ** *******, *** device **** ********** ** managed ** * ******* includes * ***.

** ****** ***, *** typically **** *** ***** to * ******** **** installed **** * ******'* motherboard ** ******'* ***. Instead, *** *** ** often ********** ********** **** the ******** ** ** matched ****, *** **** dedicated ******* ********* ***** are ********* **** ***** in *******:

IPVM Image

Multiple ****** *** *****

*******, ******* **** ******* have * ****** ******* interface, *** * ****** may **** *** ** more. * ****** '**** practice' ** ***** ** recorder *********** *** ******** is ** ********** ********* network *********** ** * dedicated ***. * ****** might **** *** ****, where *** ** ********* to *** ******* ** cameras *** *** ***** is ********* ** * common *** ******** ** workstations ********* *****.

***** ****** ******* ******** its *** ***. ** mixed ******* ************ ********* both ***** *** ******** networks, ********* **** **** separate **** *** ****. Each *** *** ** least *** ** ******* that ******** *** ******** and ******** ** * network.

Customer ******* *********

***** ******** ** ************ networks *** ********* *** term "***", ***** ****** for "******** ******* *********." CPE ********* ****** ** equipment ** *** ******** location, *** *** ***** by ********, **** ***** used ** ******* ** another *******, ******* (*** not ******) *** ********. Today, *** **** ****** types ** *** *** cable *** *** ****** and ********** ********** (*.*. FiOS) **** *** **** internet ***********.

Racks *** ********

***** *** ******* ***** of ********** *** ********** as **** ** ******** network ********* ******* **** as ****** ****** ** full *******. ***** *****, cabinets, *** ****** **** in * ******* ** sizes *** **** ******* and ******* ******* ************* for *****, *****, ********, and ***** *******, ******* in ****** ** ********** ***** *** ************ Guide

IPVM Image

********

**** ***** ** ******** only ** ***** *** basics ** ***** **************. Wireless ********** *** *** own **************, ****** ************, and ******** **********, ******* in *********** *** ***** ************ Guide.

******* ********* *** **** to ******** ***** *** connectivity ** ************ ******* for **** ******** ********, such ** ***********, *** these *** **** ***** used ** **** *******, not ************.

Test **** *********

**** ****** ******** *******.

[****: **** **** *** originally ********* ** **** but ******* ** **** and ****]

Comments (6)

"** *** *** ****** speeds *** ******** ** surveillance. ** ** ********* used ** **** ****** applications ********** ***** ********** of ******** *** ******* which ******* **** ********** than **** **/* ***** can *******. *** **** likely *********** *** ** GbE ** ************ ** in ********** ***** ********** of ******* ** * storage ******* (***), ********* only **** ** **** large *******, **** ** citywide ************."

*********. ** ******** ********* our ***** ******* *********** archiver ***** ** ****** 850 *******. **** ** got ***** *** ****** 2 **/***** ******* *** 1Gb/s **** ********* *** we *** ** ******* the ****/* *** ******** to *** ***** ******.

***, **** ** ******* saturation (* ************* **** to *******) *** ******* on *** ******** **** popping ******* **** **** on *** *** ***** I ******* ****** *******. Now **** ** **** the ** ** **** first ***** ****** * will ** ****** ****/******* to **** ******** *** a ******.

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative: 3
Unhelpful
Funny

***** ****. ** **** 10Gb ******* **** ****** our *****, *** *** servers *** *** ***** 1 ** *****. **** is ********* ** ****** point ** *******, ***** I ****** ***** *** for **** ** **** some ******* ******** ** law, ** ***** ** no ****** ******* ******. We **** ****** *** any ** *** ****. like *% ** ********* on *** ******* ******. It's ****** ***** *** future ******.

*** * ***** **** what ***'** ****.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

** ******** ********* *** first ******* *********** ******** rated ** ****** *** cameras.

******* *** *** **** continued ** ******* **** specs *** *****/******/****** ******* with **** *** **** certified ******** *** *******. However ***** *** ******* have * ****** ** internal ************ (******** ****, RAID, ********* *****, ***.) the ****** ******** ** the ****** ***** ** failure, *** ** ********* a ****** ******* **********. I ***** ******** **** a ******** **** **** many ******* ** ******** discrete ******* *** *** Genetec *****: ********* ********* and ******** *********, ******** Archivers ** ******* ******* and ******* ******** (***** more **** *** **** and **** **** ****** gives ** ******), * dedicated ****** *******, ***. This ** **** **** true ** *** ******* span ******** *********. * would **** ********* ** external *** ****** *******, never *** ******* ** failover ** ****.

** ********** **** ****** server ** *** "********** *****", **** ****** * few **** ******* ** more ******** *** ** detrimental - ********** ******-***** motion *********, ******* ************, and *** ** *** Kiwi *********.

Agree: 3
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*****,

**** ***********. ******* ******* for ***** ** ************.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

+**% ** *** ******** servers *** ********* ** switches *** **** ***** connections *** ****** *******. 10GB ***** ***** *** included **** **** ******* and **** ******** **** low **** **** ** higher *** ***** ********. Having **** ***** ******* just ***** ***** ** connect **** *** ***** as ** *****'* **** alot ** ** ****.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

**** ** ** ******* are **** ** * 10Gb ******** ******* ** overkill, ******* * **** very ****** *** ** 10/100 ******** *******. ******* switches *** ********* *** inexpensive ***.

** ** ***** ******** out **** * **/*** switch **** **** * ports **** **** *** have * ******* ****** port *** ** ******** being ********* ** *** modern ******** ******.

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny
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