Access Control IBC International Rules

By: Brian Rhodes, Published on Apr 28, 2016

Dealing with fragmented local codes is one of the most frustrating parts of electronic access control design. However, the 'International Code Council' writes the most widely adopted set of building codes, yet many EAC designers are unaware when and where those rules apply. In this note, we look at ICC's Building Codes, their adoption, and why they matter to Access Control.

An International Code?

******, *** ** *** recognized **********. ******* ***** named '*************', *** *** is ****** ********** ** 'the *********' ** ***** nation. *** ******** ** all ******* ******** ** a ****** *********** ********** might ** *****, *** it ** ****** ******** ever ** ******. ************ building ***** ** * highly ************ *******, *** even ***** ******* ** submit ** * ******** often **** ***** ******* based ** ***** *** preferences. 

** ***** ** "*** ***** ****** ****** Control", *** ** *** in ********** *** **** design *** ************ ** EAC. *** ***** ****** of *** ** ** preserve **** ****** ** all ******* ** ************* and *********** ******. ** a ******, *** ******** of ***'* ******** ********** to *** ******* ** egress (** ****) ******* openings ******* ** *** system.

IBC ***********

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******* *** ***, *** is *** ***** ** national ***** ******* *******, including:

  • ***
  • *********
  • ******
  • *****
  • ******
  • *** *******
  • ******
  • ***** ******

**** **** *** ******** ratified, *** ** *** foundation ** ********* ********** municipal ***** ********** *** world. *** *******,******** *** ******* ***** ******* American ********* **** ****** ********** **** ICC ** ***** ******** building *****.

US **********

** *** **, *** *** Jurisdictional **** ******** ****** [link ** ****** *********] **** includes *** ******* ******* by ***** ***** *** includes ***** ********** ** major ****** ****** ***** states. *** **** ******** adoption ****** ** ***** ICC ****, *** **** IBC. *** ******** ******* and ******* ** *** been ******* ** ***** or **** ***** ********** is ***** ** *** chart. **** ***** ** shown **** ********** **** detailing adoption ** ***** **************.

Global **********

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Adopted ******* *******

******** ** *** *** are ******* *** ********* on * ***** **** cycle, **** *** ****** version ******** ** ****. However, *** ******** ***** refers ** *** ***** than *** ******. ******* adoption *** **** ************* routinely **** *** ** more ******** ****** *** most *******.

***** ******* ************ ****** change, ******** ******** ** terms ********* ************** *** change.  ** ****, ****** the ******** **** * relevant **** ** ******* may **** ********* ********* or ********* ******* ****** designers, **********, *** ****.

Codes ** ********* 

* ******** ****** ** confusion **** ******* **** IBC ** ** **** extent *** ********* *** enforceable. *********** *** ****** depends ** *** ***** definition **** ** ******** how *** **** ** used:

  • *****:******* ** ***** *********; enforceable ** ****
  • *********:**** ** **** **** Requirements, *** ************* ***** referenced ** ****.

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What ***** ****?

*** *** *****'* ********* NFPA ** **** *****. IBC ** ******* ********** by ********** *** *********, while **** ** *** defacto ****** ** **** fire ******** *** ****/****** inspectors. ** ******* ** access ******* *** ******, IBC *** **** ********** each *****, *** ***** adoption ** ****** ** both ** *** ********. In **** *****, ********** formally ********* **************, *** designs *** ** ******* to **** *****. *******, *** generally *** * ******* scope *** ******* ***** adoption ******* *** *** sources.

The *** *****

**** ** ***** ** establishing '***** ****/******* *******' to * ***** *******, the '********* ****** ************' ** *** ******* resource. ** ******** ***** which **** ** ***, the *** ******** * succinct ******. *********** **** authority ******* *** ***** in * ****** **** ensure ***** ***, ** variation *******, *******. 

Note: ** ******* ******* *** ********* ** ****, ******* ** ****.

Comments (3)

Great article. I think there are a couple points that need emphasizing: 1) codes and standards only have legal authority to the extent that they are adopted by a governmental body (city, county, state, etc.); and 2) the governmental body may adopt all or any portion of a code and modify it in any way that they see fit.

In addition, most governmental bodies reserve the right to modify what's required on any specific project despite the adopted code. So the bottom line is, the code is what the AHJ says it is, regardless of what any written document might say.

So, your point about getting the AHJ's input early in the design of the project is essential. However, this is not always as easy as it sounds. I have experienced building officials who were reluctant to make commitments in writing, had different officials within the same agency offer different interpretations of the same code, and had officials change their mind after a project was completed. (If you look at plan approval stamps, they almost always say "subject to field inspection" or words to that effect.)

On our campus we have to adhere to many of the life safety codes and ADA requirements in both our dorms and academic buildings.

Not a subject that generates a lot of comments like Hikvision and Avigilon, but critically important to anyone involved in a commercial security project.

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