Vandal Resistance/IK Rating Guide

By Ethan Ace and Ilya Ignatenko, Published Nov 11, 2021, 09:56am EST

"Vandal-proof" is a term often used by manufacturers to market their products, but the reality is that these specifications are mostly self-determined and cannot be trusted.

IPVM Image

In this 16-page guide, we explain how vandal resistance (IK ratings) of cameras are determined and how realistic they are, examining:

  • What are IK ratings and how are they determined?
  • What standards are used?
  • How manufacturers may game the standards
  • How manufacturers use/abuse generic "vandal" terms
  • How IK ratings are tested
  • What testing is defined in the standards and what is left up to manufacturers?
  • Most common points of failure in IPVM IK testing
  • Are some materials better than others?

Plus, upcoming, based on IPVM's new internal vandal-resistant test rig, IPVM will release individual reports on which manufacturers and models passed or failed.

Vandal (******) ********** ** ***** ************

***** *********** *** ** install ***** ************ ******* in ************ ***** ** make **** **** ********* to *********, ********* ******* need ** ** ********* at ** ****** ********* height ******** *** ** project ************ ** ***** constraints. ************, ****** ******* *** *****, ***** ****** ******* clearer ****** ******.

**** ******* *** ********* in **** *********, *** vandal ********** ** ********* becomes * ***** *******. In **** ****, ** ratings **** ******* ************** become *** ** *** key ******** ** ****** selection.

IK ******* *******

** ******* ** *** industry ********* (******** *****), IK ******* ***:

* ****** *** *********** the ******* ** ********** provided ** ********** *** electrical ********* ******* ******** mechanical *******.

*** ******* ***** **** IK00 (*** ********* ******* impact) ** ****+ (********* against ****** ****** ********** to * ** ** weight ******* **** ** cm).

*********, ************* ** ***** surveillance ******* ******* ****** resistance *** ******* **** pass **** ******* ** higher.

IPVM Image

Lab ******* *** ****

********** ** ****** *******, while *******, ** ** far **** ***** **** common ****** **** ** vandalism **** ******* *** greater ****** ********.

***** **** ** *** most ******** ********* ***** for ** *******, *** impact ****** **** ** IK10 ******* ** *** (IK10: *** ******* **** 40 **).

*******, **** * ***** baseball *** (** **./*.** kg) ***** ** ~** mph (~** *** ****** than ** ******* ***** can *****) ******* ~*** joules ** ****** ** impact. **** ** ~** times ******* **** *** 20 ****** ** ****** created ****** **** *******, and ****** ****+ (***), making *** **** ** damage **** *******.

IPVM Image

Standards ****

***** *** *** *** standards **** ******** ******* procedures, *********, *** ********** for *********** * *******'* IK ******:

***** ********* **** ** be *********. **** *** purchased **** *** *** terms ** *** ***** for ******* / **************.

*** ********* ******* *********** on *** ** *** up *** ******* ****** tests, ****** ***** *** several ******* **** ** to *** ******* ************, discussed *****.

*** *** ************* *** responded ** **** (****, Bosch, *****, ******, *******) confirmed **** **** ******** these *********.

Beware - ******** **** ***** *** **** ** ** *************

*** ********* ***** ***** to "******** ******* *********". However, *** ******** ******** for ***** ************ *********,*** *****-* ("************** *** Image ******* *********** *** Camera *******"), **** *** ******* any *********** ** ****** resistance ******* ***, *********, refers **** ** *** standards ********* *****:

4.9 ***** **************

***** ***** ***** ******related *********:

...

- ****** ********** *** water *** **** **********;

...

**** ***** ** * great ****** ** ************* for ************* ** ********* the ********* ***** *** way.

*** ********, *** **** evaluation ******* ** ****** ************* ****** ****:

...***relevant ******* ******** shall specify the criteria upon which the acceptance or rejection of the enclosure is to be based, particularly

  • ********** *******,
  • ************ ******** ******** ** the ********** ** *** safety *** *********** ** the ********* [******** *****]

*******, *** ******* ********* described ** ****** ************* ****** **** *** points ** *********** ** impacts *** *** ****** of ******* ****** ** specified ** *** "******** product ********":

*.**** ****** ** ******* shall ** **** ** each ******* **** ****** otherwise ********* ** ***relevant ******* ********. The impacts shall be evenly distributed on the faces of the enclosure(s) under test. In no case shall more than three impacts be applied in the surroundings of the same point of the enclosure. The relevant ******* ******** shall specify the points of application of impacts. [emphasis added]

*** ** *** **** of ******** ************ *** vandal ********** ******* *** video ************ *********, ************* come ** **** ***** own ******** *** ****** assessment *** ****** ** impact.

**** ************* ***** ********* that * ****** ****** if ** *** ********* damage ** *** ******* but ***** *********; **** might *** **** ** did *** **** ** there ** * ******* on *** **** ***** obscuring *** ***.

Few ***** **** **********

***** *** * ******* requirements *** ** ****** tests:

  • ******* *********** ****** ** within *** - *** (59F - ***)
  • *** ******** ****** ** within ***** - ******
  • **** ****** (*********) ****** be ** * ***** and *** ********* **** all *** ***** ** place
  • * *******, ** ***** devices (**********) *** *******, should ** ************ ***** to ******* **** **** or ***** ** *.* mm ** ************ ***** the ****** ** ** impact

**** **** ** ******* is ********* ** ********** warm ************. ****** ******* materials *** ****** ** become **** ******* ** lower ************, ****** **** more ***** ** *******.

Determining ****** ** ******

*** ** *** **** of ******** ********* *** vandal ********** ******* ** video ************ *********, ************* only ****** *** "* impacts ** **** **** with ** **** **** 3 ******* ** *** same ****" ****. *******, the ********** ** *** "surroundings ** *** **** point" ** *** ***** in *** ********* ***** gives ************* **** **** freedom ** ****** ***** and *** **** ******* to *****.

** ** ****** **** to ********* ******* ***** of * *********** *** / ****** ******:

IPVM Image

*******, ** **** **** complicated **** ****** ** dissect * **** ** any ***** ****** **** faces:

IPVM Image

************* *** ******** **** issue *********** ***** **** divide **** ******* **** 5 ***** *** **** assume **** ***** ** only *** **** (*** top/dome). ** * ******, cameras **** *** ************ may **** ** ******* 25 ******* (* ******* per **** ** ****) to **** * ****, whereas ******* **** ******* manufacturer *** **** ********* 5 ******* *****.

Most ****** ****** ** ******* - ***** ***** *** ******

** *** *******, ******** cameras ****** ** **** their ************** *** ****** resistance. ****** ******** ***** in ******** ********* *****, we ***** *** **** common ******* ******:

  • ***** *****:** ******** *****, ***** hole ***** ***** ****** domes **** *** **** of *** ****** ******* off **********, ********* *** screw **** ** ****** them.
  • ******: ** *** *******, lenses ****** ****** *** to *** ************* **** flexing ****** ** ***** the **** ****** ** impact *** **** ** due ** ****/***** ****** no ****** ******* ***** impact.

IPVM Image

Internal ******** **** ****** **** ********

*********, ******** ********** ** cameras **** ****** ********, but **** ******** ****** in *** *******, ** well. **** *** **** commonly *** ** ****** of ******** ******** ** damage ** ***** ***** which ***** ********** *** seal.

IPVM Image

*******, ***** ****, **** dome ********* *** *** withstand * ****** ******. The **** ***** ** an ****-***** ****** ** the ***** ***** ********* on *** ***** ******:

Cameras **** **** ** (******* **********) *******

***** ***** *** ******** failure ******** **** *** up ** ************* ** establish, ***** ****** **** meet *** ********* ** rating ***** ****** ********** testing ** *********, *** the *********. **** ***** that *** ******, ****** to ******* ** *****, etc., ******* ** * failure, ** *** ****** would ** ****** ** water ** ****-*****.

****: **** *** *** performed ******* ******* ** any ** **-****** *******.

Test *********

***** *** ***** ********* apparatus **** *** ********** IK ****** *******:

  • ******** ******
  • ******** ******
  • ****** ******

IPVM Image

*** ******** ******, ** the **** *******, ******** a ******** ******* ******** to *** *** ** a *** *****, **** released **** * ******* height, ****** ** ** arc *** ******* * device ***** ****. ** is *** **** ****** used **** ** ******* equipment ******* ** ****** to **** ******** ** the ****** ***** **** IK01 ** ****+.

IPVM Image

*** ******** ****** **** is ********* ** ****** dropping ******** ******** ** enclosures ***** ****. *** test *** ******** * guiding **** ** ******* to ****** ******* *** a ***** ******* *** the ****** ***** ****. According ** *** *********, the ******** ****** *** only ** **** *** IK03-IK10+ *******.

IPVM Image

*** ****** ****** *** a ****** ***-****** ****** that ******* ** ********* with * ***-******* ****** of ****** **** ********. This **** ** ********* is *** ********* **** for ***** ************ ********* because **'* ******* ** IK01-IK06 *******.

Striking ********

******** ******** *** **** IK ******* ******* **** IK07 ** ****+ ****** be **** *** ** steel **** ******** ******** of *** **-** *** follow *** ********** ************ specified ** ****** *****-*-**********.

**** ****** **** ******* can **** *** **** mass, ** ******** ******** for **** *** **** ratings *** **** * kg, **** ****** *** unique ********** *** **** cannot ** **** ***************.

IPVM Image

****-**** ****** ******* ******** the **** *.** ** weight **** * ******* head ***** ** ******** from ********* ******* ** produce ******* ******* ** energy ** ******.

"Vandal-Proof" **** ****** ** *************

************* ********** ***** ******* as "******-*****" ***** ***'* include ** ******* ** the ******'* **************. ****** that "******-*****" *** **** that *** ****** ****** IK01 *******.

*******, ** *** *******, all "******-*****" ******* ****** passed *** **** ****** test.

IPVM Image

Housing ******** ********* ******

******** *** ***** ** video ************ ******* *** typically **** *** ** three *********:

  • ********
  • *****
  • *******

******** ** **** ******* than ***** ********* **** the **** ***, *********, is **** ***** ** cracking. **** *** *******, aluminum ***** ** ******** would ********* ***** ****** plastic *****.

IPVM Image

Upcoming ************ ******** ****** *******

**** ***** ** *** first ******* ** ****'* coverage ** ** ******* using *** **-***** ****** testing ***, ************ ****:

** **** ** ******* manufacturer-specific ******* ** *** coming *****. ** ***** is ********* ******** *** would **** ** ***, email****@****** *** ** **** in *** ********.

Comments (7)

**** *** ** *** testing **** ******** **** and **** *******, ** are *** ***** ** stick ** *** *********? Though ********, ******* ** truly "****** *********" ** long ** ***** ***** is * *****. *** only *** ** **** a ****** ***** ****** resistant ** ** ***** it **** ****** **** nobody *** ***** **. But **** ***** ***** shoot **...

*** **** ***** ** an ****-***** ****** ** the ***** ***** ********* on *** ***** ******

***** **** **** ***** be * ******* ******* issue. **** *** *** the **** ***** **** multiple ******* ** *** same *****? ** ***** be *********** ** *** which ************* ***/***** ******* cameras **** *****.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny

** #*,

**** *** ** *** testing **** ******** **** and **** *******, ** are *** ***** ** stick ** *** *********?

*** **** ** ** stick ** *** ********* and ** ******* **** camera ************* ********* ***** IK *******. *******, ** will **** * **** of *** **** ******* (5 ** ******* **** 40 **) ******** ** a *** **** * baseball ***. ********* ** the *********** ************, ** IK10-rated ****** ****** ***** a ****** ******* * baseball ***.

**** *** *** *** same ***** **** ******** cameras ** *** **** model?

** ***** *** **** multiple ******* ** *** same ***** *** ** will **** ******** ****** from *** **** ************ to *** ** ***** are *** ******.

**** ***** *** *** upcoming *******!

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*****, **********: ** ****************** ******** ****** ** ensure ** ****'* ****** get *** ****** *** camera *** ** *** box. ** ****** **** to **** **** *** testing ** **** *** would *** **** ** skew ******* ** ********* something "******" ***** **** one ****. ** * camera *****, ** **** to **** ** ***** 3 ** *** **** model *** ************.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 2
Unhelpful
Funny

**** *** ** *** testing **** ******** **** and **** *******, ** are *** ***** ** stick ** *** *********?

************* *** *** ***.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*** **** ***** ***** shoot **...

******* *** **** ** is **** ... *** enclosure, ****** *** *** were ******** *******, *** Cradlepoint *** ****** *** is ***** *******!

IPVM Image

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 2
Unhelpful
Funny

*** ** *****. ***?

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful: 2
Funny: 1

***** *** ****** ******** bat *** ******* **** do **** *** **** test. ** **** **** an *********** **** ***** comparison. **** ** ** good ****** ****** *** you. ******* ** ******** of **** * ********* bats ***** ** **********.

* **** ********** ****** a ****** ** ******* over *** *****, *** using * ******* ***. I ***** ** ******* were *** **** **********, but *** *********** ***** I ***** ** **** often *** ****** ** mounting ******* **** ****** the ****** ******. ********** those ******* **** *** crap ****** & ***** supplied ** **** *************

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny: 3
Read this IPVM report for free.

This article is part of IPVM's 7,324 reports and 971 tests and is only available to subscribers. To get a one-time preview of our work, enter your work email to access the full article.

Already a subscriber? Login here | Join now
Loading Related Reports