Hikvision Cybersecurity Vulnerabilities Reported By Lithuania Government

By Ethan Ace, Published Feb 15, 2021, 08:26am EST

Nearly 100 vulnerabilities were found in Hikvision firmware by a new report from Lithuania's government. Hikvision refused to provide any response, despite being given 2 weeks time to respond.

IPVM Image

Inside this report:

  • A summary of the vulnerabilities
  • The vulnerabilities explained
  • Comment from Lithuania's Ministry of Defence
  • Continued cybersecurity issues
  • Comparison to Axis firmware vulnerabilities

IPVM Image

Nearly *** ***************

*** ********* ******** ** *********'* National ***** ******** ******, part ** *** ******** of ******** *******. ****** firmware *** ********** *** software ******** ******* *** known ****.

*** ****** ********** ***** findings **** **** *******, finding ****** *** *************** in ******** ******** **** in********* **-*********-********** (**.*.* ***** ******):

****** ******** ******** ********** 95 ******** *************** **** found ********* ** *** Hikvision **-*********-** ******. ****** two *************** *** * threat ***** ******* **** 6.5 (*** ** **).

************, **** ***** **** newer ******** **************************** **** ***** ******** (95 **. **) ***** they********** ****** ** ** earlier ******.

Critical ***************

*** ******* **** *** most *************** *** *** most ******** *** ******* ******* ** ******* (1.0.1j), ***** ******** ** vulnerabilities, ***** ** ***** have *** ******* ******** score, **/**. ******, ********* BusyBox, *******, *** ****** also **** ****** ***************, scored ** *+.

*** **** ****** ******** the ********* ************* ** these ***************:

*** ********** *************** ***** allow ******* ** ******* cyber-attacks, ******** ********* ****** information *** ******* ********* code. ** ********, *** camera *** ***** ** be *********** ******** ** ******* (***)*******.

Out ** **** ******** ********

*******, *** ** ***** packages *** ******** *** of ****, **** **** dating ** **** ** earlier, ********* **** *** and *******, *** ******** with *** **** ****** vulnerabilities. ***** ******** ** these ******** ***** ******* few ** ** ***** vulnerabilities *** *********, *** Hikvision *** *** *********** them.

Vulnerabilities *** ********* ****** *******

*** **** *** *** exploit *** ** ***** vulnerabilities ****** *******. ***** is ** ***** ** concept ** *** ***** vulnerabilities *** ** *********. Instead, **** ******* *** that *** *** ** the ***** *** ** assess **** *************** ******* and *** ******** **** were ***** ** *** common ************* ******* ******. It ** ******** **** any ** ***** *************** would ** ********* ** inexperienced *****, *** ** their **********, *** **** could ** ******** ****** for **** ******* *******.

Report ***********

****** *** **** ****** performed ******** ******** ** firmware *** *** ******* tested, ******** *** **** on ***** ******* ***** and ** ***** *******. The **** ********* ***** analysis **** ** ******** from *** ******** ******.

****, **** **** ***** versions ** ******** *** now ********* (****** ******* was *.*.* ***** ****** at *** **** ** writing). *************** *** **** in **** *** *** newer ******** ** **** are ********.

Dahua ******** ******** *** ********

***** ** ********* ** this *** ****** *** an ******* *** **** report, *** *** **** did *** ******* ******** vulnerability ******** ** **** did **** *********. *******, Dahua ******* ******* ** "***** ****" *******,**** *****, *** *** ******* versions. **** *** *** find *** ******** "****** cyber ******** ***************" ** these *****, *** ***** that *** ****** ****** up ******** *** ************ sent ******* ** ******* in * ********* *********, including *****.

Axis ********: ** ***** ***************

** ******** ** *********, NCSC **** ******* **** firmware *** *************** ** current ********. **** ***** that ***** ******* ******** (7.3.0 ** ***** *****) had ** ***** ***************, dating **** ** ****, the ****** ******* ** firmware ** *** **** of ***** ******** *** no ***** *************** (*.*.*).

No ******** **** *********

********* ************ ******* ** our ******* *** ******* on *** ***** *** vulnerabilities *** *** *** respond **** *** *********.

******, * *** ***** IPVM ********* ********* *********:

********* ***** ************* **** seriously *** ** ****** open ** ************* ******** on *** ********. ********* is ***** ** *** NKSC ****** *** ** currently ********** ************* *** findings ** *** ******. The ****** ********* *****-***** software ***************. *******, **** only ********* ****** ******** and *** ****** **** not ******** ** *** of ***** *************** *** exploitable *** **** ********* product.

Update: ********* ********* (***** *, ****)

********* *** ******* ** IPVM **** **** *********, copied ** ****:

Statement ** *** ********* ******** ***** ** *** ********* ******* ******** ** *** ********** ******** ***** ******** ****** (****)

** ******* ****, *** Lithuanian ***** ******** ****** (NKSC) ******** * ****** security ********** ****** ********** its ******** ** *** cyber ******** ********** **** performed ** **** ***** surveillance ******* ******** ** various ************* ** *** local ******. ******* *** software ********* ******** **** (SCA), *** ********* ******* DS-2CD4C26FWD-AP *** **-*********-** **** examined ** *** ***** with *** ********** **** the ******** **** ** the ********* *** ********** old *** *********** *** vulnerabilities.

********* ********* * ******** investigation ********* *** ******’* findings *** ***** **** to ******* *** ********* analysis *** ***********:

  1. *** ***** ********* ************* analysis ****** **** ** the ****** ** ***** on *** **** *** version ****** ** **** source ******** ** ******** known ***************, ***** *** lead ** ***** ********* on ******** *******;
  2. *** **** ******* ** the *************** ** **** open ****** ********** ********* in *** ****** ** not ******** **** *** firmware, ** *** **** related ** *** *************** in **** **** ****** components ********* ** ******** in *** ********, *** in **** ****, *** corresponding ********** ******* *** not ****;
  3. ***** **** *************** *** discovered ** **** ****** software, ****** **** ******* will ***** ** ******** to *** *** ***************. However, ** ***** ** fix *** *************** ** soon ** ********, ****** vendors ***** *********** *** source **** ** *** patched *************** ** ***** the *******, *** *** open ****** ******** ******* number **** ** *** product ******** ** ***** the ******** ****** ** the *** *******.

*** *** ***** *******, Hikvision *** ********* ****** security ************ ** *** open ****** ********** *************** listed ** *** ******. Through ******* *** ***** methods ** ********** *** potential *****, ********* ******* that ***** *************** **** not ****** *** ******** of *** ******.

********* ***** ******* ******** very *********. ** ******** a ***** ****** ** third-party *** **** ****** software ****** *** ***** and ***** **** ** our ********. ****** *** process ** *** *** management, ** **** *********** the ****** ********** ************** and ************** ********** **** are ** ********** **** industry **** *********, ** ensure **** *** ******** third-party ******** ***** *** security ************ *** *** be *********** *** ******** managed.

*** *** ******** ******** of ********* ** *****-***** and **** ****** ******** security **********, ****** ***** to *** ***** **** of *** ********* ************* White ***** (*****://***.*********.***/**/*******/*************/*************-*****-*****/*********-*************-*****-*********/).

Bad *** *********

***** *********'***** **** ***** ******, ***************** ***************,***** ***************,*** *********, **** ****** ** likely ** ***** ******** about *********'* *************. *******, while **** **** ********* vulnerabilities **** ********* ** private ***********, **** ******'* publication ** * ********** agency ** ****** ** carry **** **** ******.

Comments (40)

** ******* ** *********, but*********? ** ***** *********** do **** **** ** testing?

Agree: 2
Disagree: 1
Informative
Unhelpful: 3
Funny

** ***** *********** ******* the *******? **** ** Lithuania ** *** ********** that ***** ** *********** such ****** *** ****** inform *** ******.

Agree: 17
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

********** **** ** ********* for ********* *** *******. That ****'* **** * was ******* **. *** just *********? ** ***** governments *** ***** ******* like **** (* ********* hope **** ***) *** not ******* *** *******? What ** *** ******** to ******* ** ***? Especially ** **** *** already ***** ******** ** issues?

Agree: 6
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

***** *** ******...

** **** **** ***************... but ** ****'* ******* you **** ** ****...*** we ****'* ******* ****** what ** *** ***** to **** *****...

**** ****** ** **** everything...

Agree: 4
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny: 1

**** ****! * ****** have ******* ** **** too *********** * **** read**** *********

**** ****** ****, *** on ********: *** **** Hack: *** ***** ********* a *.*. **** ********

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

** **** ***** ***** be **** ****’* ** this **** ** ******* before ******. *** **** government ******’* *** ******* cameras **** *** *************** if **** **** ***** it.

**** * *** ** governments ***’* **** ***** Chinese ****** ** *** tendering ******* **…

***** **** **** ******* them ***** *** ******* “Hell **!”

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

***** ******* *** ****** and ****** *** ***'*, it's **** ******* *** in ************* ***, ** to *****, **** **** of ******** **** ******* for ******** ** ****** libraries / **** ** their *****. (*** ********* no **** ** ***, it's *** ******)

*** **********'* ***** ** exactly **** **** **** Dahua, *** **** **** most ******* ** **** industry ********.

*** ******* (***, *****, etc..) *******, * *****, are **** **** ******* all ****** **** *** big ****, *** ***'* be ** **** **** to ****** ** ****** versions */* ******** ******.

*** ***** ********, ***** recently **** **** ****** injections, ***** *'** ****** them ******* ** ******* 'interesting' ***** ** ****.

*** '****' ****** ***** simply *** *** **** stuff (*'* *** **** ,).

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 2
Unhelpful
Funny

** **** **** ** chuckle **** ** *** tenders **** *** ‘** Chinese **** *******’. ************ (more ***** ***** ****) we *** ‘** *******, hardware ** ******** **** USA *************’

*** *** ***** **** received *** **** **** banned!

**** *** ‘** *****’ presumably **** ** *** to *** ******** ******** hard ***** **** ***** and *************** **** ***** in ***** **** ******!

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 2
Unhelpful
Funny

***, **** *** *** has *** ****** *****, still **** ** ******* outside ** .** *** OEM **** (********* *****).

** ** **** ********* (please ******* ** ** I ** *****, *** be ****** ***), *** only ****** * **** is ****, *** ** not *** ******* (.**/.**/***.) IPC's.

***** ** **** ***** for ** ***** '**********' the *********, ***** ***** is **** *********** *** in ********* *** **********, as **** ******* ******* compile *** **** *** big ****, ***** **** do *** (******** **** comparable ** **** ***** environment)

**, * ** *** paid *** ******* ** Axis, *** ****** ** promote ***** ********, *** I ****** **** **** I ** ******** * bit ********* ***** *** structure ** **** ********, and **** *** ******** measures **** **** *********** since ** **** ********** of *** ****** ****** back ** ****.

** *.**$

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative: 2
Unhelpful
Funny

*** **** ****** * know ** ****, *** do *** *** ******* (.cn/.tw/etc.) ***'*.

****, ********, *********** ********* ***** ** Factory *** ********, *****, IV *** ****

*** *** *** *** as **** ******** ******* in *** **** ***** they *** ********* *** sold ** *** ********. If *** **** **** access ** ***, **** let ** **** :)

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

***********, *** :)

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

**** * ******** *** you

** ** ******** ** completely **** *** *** NVR **

*** ******* *****

**** ******

******

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

* ******** **** **** a ***. ***** **** gone ******* ** *** FCC **** ****'* **** written. ** *** **** passes ** ***'* ****** what ** *** ****** is ******* ** ***** won't **** ** *** license ** ** ******* on. ***** **** ** interesting ********** *** * don't *** * ****** in ********* *** ******* life ** ** ********** TVN71s ** ******.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

"***, **** *** *** has *** ****** *****, still **** ** ******* outside ** .** *** OEM **** (********* *****)." - ***** ** ***** my *** *** ********, maybe **** ** "** you ***'* ****, ** don't **** ******"

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

***** *** **** ***********?

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

** *** ** ********* because *** ******* ** small, *** ****** ** seems **** ********* ** intent ** ******** ** EU *** ****, ***** may **** ***** **** attention. **** *** ***** IPVM ********:**** ****** ******

****, **** ** *********'* state ************ *** **** known *** ***** ******* hardware *** ******* ********, while *** ******* ** positioning ****** ** * fintech, ****** *** ******* hub. ** ***** *** have **** **** ******** to *** *** ******** in ***** ****** ********* serious ***. ***** **********, I'm ***** ** ***** investigations *** ********* *** published, ** ********** *** market **** *** *** benefits.

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative: 2
Unhelpful
Funny

********** *** *** **** investigations ******** * **** ago *** *** *** disclose *** *******. ** least * *** ***** of ***** ******** *** the ****** ****** ** under ***.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 7
Unhelpful
Funny

****** *****, ***** *** seems *** ** ** on *** =)

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*** ** * **** it *********** **** ** extra ******* ****?

*** *** *** ****** out *** *+* **** from *** ******** ********* from ***** *****-****** (********* ******** *********): *****************, ********* *** Forsvarets ********************* (***) *** Forsvarsbygg (***** *** ********* *** organizations) **** ******** ***** systems, *** **** ****** that **** **** *** registered ******** **** *********. No ********** **** **** established **** *********.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny

****, **** ***'* ************ advanced ******* (** ******* to *********). ** **** did **** * ***** they ***, ** ******** took ****** ** ***** the ****** **** ** discover *** **** ** CVEs. ***** *** **** tools **** ******* **** anybody ***** *** ** come ** **** *** same *******. ******'* ** surprising ** **** ********** IT *********** **** ***** the **** ****** *****.

*** *************** **** *** NSA ***** ** ********** in *** *** **** that ****'* ******* ****** in * *** ******** somewhere.

Agree: 2
Disagree
Informative: 2
Unhelpful
Funny

*** **** *** *** for *** ***

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*** **** ******** **** a ******* **** ** from ****** ****** **** are **** ** ** nefarious ** ******** ** the ****** ********.

***** *** *********** ***'* equal ****** ***** ********, there ** *** **** to ** **** * crisp ***** *** **** margins.

** *** ***** ****** what *** *** **** name **?

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

** ******* ** ********* about ********, ****** **** the ***** ** ******** test ** ***'* ******** the ********. ** *** what ** ***....

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

**** *** "******"; *** be ********** ************* *** to.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

**** ** *** ******** related, *** *** ******************** ***** ****** *** China** *** *** ******* threats,****** “*** ********* *** of ******* ***** ************ in ********** **********" ** particular.

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

* ***** ** ** too...

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*** ****** ** ****** what , *** **** up ** *** ***** threat , **** ** at ***** ****

**** *** *** **** guard **** ** **** you ****

****** ** ***** *** always ***** ** **** the ******** ** *********

**** **** ****

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

**** *** *** **** guard **** ** **** you ****

** *******. *** *** world ** * ****** storm ** ***************. *** can ***** *** ******* on * **** **** a ********, *** **** about *** *** ****? For *******, ******** *** fully *********** *********, *** almost ****** ***** ***** firmware *******, *** ******** have **** ****** ** the ******* (******* ****** need ** *****).... ** now ******** *** *** of *** ****** **** for ******* ** *** in. **** *** *** your ***** ****...

Agree: 4
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny

** *** **** ***** alot **** ******** ***** printers, ********, *** ******* about *****. ***** ***** videos **** ** ** YouTube **** *** ****. Very ***** *** ***** attention ** *** *****.

**** ***** ******** **** been **** **** ****** to ******* ***** **** using ***** ****** ****** so **** **** * point...

** ********* ******** **** global ******** ******** ********* Slater

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 3
Unhelpful
Funny

**** ***.* ** *** 2019 ** ***** ******* appear ** ** ***** out ** ****

***** ** *********** ** know **** ******** ***** are ***** **** **** to ******** ***** *** compare.

**** ** **** **** when ********** ***** ** axis *******, **** ************* modules ** **** **** as * *** ****** vulns . **** ******* doesn’t ********* **** ** elements ** *** ******* aren’t **** ******** ** the **** ******* ** aren’t ‘****’ ***************

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny

**** *** **** ***** with ***** *********, ** hand; * ***** ** all *** **** ** my ************ ***** ***** towards ****. $*** *** person(minimum) ** **,***+ ******* (~$3millon ********). ***** **** already ** **** ** that **** ** *******?

Agree: 2
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

********........

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

******: ********* ********:

********* ***** ************* **** seriously *** ** ****** open ** ************* ******** on *** ********. ********* is ***** ** *** NKSC ****** *** ** currently ********** ************* *** findings ** *** ******. The ****** ********* *****-***** software ***************. *******, **** only ********* ****** ******** and *** ****** **** not ******** ** *** of ***** *************** *** exploitable *** **** ********* product.

Agree: 1
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

"** **** ************* **** seriously" ****** ***** ** shudder... ** ************ *** ***** ********.

**** **** ********* ****** analysis *** *** ****** does *** ******** ** any ** ***** *************** are ***********

**** ** * ***** point. * ***** **** preferred ** ** ****** exploitation *** **** *********. The ***** **** ************* scanners (***** * ****** is **** **** ****) is **** *** *** a **** ****** ** false *********. *** ****** need ** **** *** libraries *** ***** ****.

**** **** ** **** to ****** **** **** was ******. ************* ******** isn't ***** ****. *** check *** ******* ** all *** *********, **** that **** * *** database, *** * **** of *******, *** ***'** done. *** **** *****'* mean **** *** *** exploitable. ******* ******* ** they're ***********, *** ****** isn't ************ ******.

*** ** ******* ********* ******* ** ******** Stack ********:

*** ****** ***** **** a ************* ****** **** a ******* ** * company. **% ** *** time ***** *** ******* by **********, *** *** likely ** ** ******* by *** ********* ******** team. *** ****** ** because ******** *** **** any ****** ** ***** positives, ** * ******** from * ************* ******* does *** ******** **** there ** * *************. However, ** ** ****** for *** *** ****** testers ** ****** **** vulnerability ******* **** ******** off ** ********* ******* any ************* ** **** the ****** ****, ** it ** *******, ** if ** ** **** applicable. ** * ****** security ***** **** ***** just ****** * ****** that **** ******** *** of * *******. **** bug ****** ******** ************ state ****.

**** ********* **** *** an*********** ******* ** **** post:

*'* *** ** *** security **** ******* *** receives ****** ******* **** this. * ***** **** 90% ** *** **** it's * ***** ******** sent ** ** ******* sec ********** *** *** no **** **** *** finding *****. **** ****, 10% ** *** ****, it's * **** ** don't *** *** **'* useful. ****, ***% ** the **** ** ***** us ***** *** ** impact ** ****** ******** our ****. ** ** sometimes **** "***********" **** changes ****** *** ** reasons ** **** *** customers *** **** ******* when **** *** * scan.

*** *** **** ******** to *********? *****. *** they **** ** ** tested ** ** ****.

***, *** *** **** about *** ********* *** dinged ** *** **** while **** ****'* **** any *******. ** ** probably ****** ** **** libraries *******. **** **** mean **** **** **** always ** **** ******? It's * **** ****, but **** ** ****** does *** **** ** more ******. **'* **** a ******, **** *** warnings * *** **** my ******** *******. * know **** *** *** the ********* *** ****, so *'* *** ******** that ******** * *** computer * **** *** same ******** ******* **'* actually ********* ** *** same ****** *******. ****'* a ***** ********. *** at *** **** ****, it ***** **** *'* not ******* ** ******** manager **** *********. ********, since **** ** ****** attention ** **** ****** and ********* ***'*, * can *** **** **** is ******** **** ******** with ******* ** ***** security.

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 2
Unhelpful
Funny

***** ** ** ****** than ***, *** ********* noted ***** "***** ****" is **** ****** ***** P2P *****, **** *** "keep *****" (****** ** turned ***).

Agree: 2
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny

**** ** *********, ****** acronyms ****** *** ** translated ********** ** *** one ****** *****.

******.****

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny: 1

***** ***, * ****'* seen *********** ** ***** vulnerabilities *********. **** ********* me ** *** ** my ****** ** ***** all ******** ****** ** similar ******* ** ** network **** *** ******** only *** ******** ***.

****** *****!

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

*** ****** ******* ****** Chinese *******, *** *** result ** **** ******.

*.*. *** ****** ** in ********* *** ***** a *******. *** ****** explains ****'* ****** *******.

***** ******* ******* ********* kameraer, *** ********** **** holdt ******** - ****.**

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny

******, ********* *** ********* with *** ********* *********:

Statement ** *** ********* ******** ***** ** *** ********* ******* ******** ** *** ********** ******** ***** ******** ****** (****)

** ******* ****, *** Lithuanian ***** ******** ****** (NKSC) ******** * ****** security ********** ****** ********** its ******** ** *** cyber ******** ********** **** performed ** **** ***** surveillance ******* ******** ** various ************* ** *** local ******. ******* *** software ********* ******** **** (SCA), *** ********* ******* DS-2CD4C26FWD-AP *** **-*********-** **** examined ** *** ***** with *** ********** **** the ******** **** ** the ********* *** ********** old *** *********** *** vulnerabilities.

********* ********* * ******** investigation ********* *** ******’* findings *** ***** **** to ******* *** ********* analysis *** ***********:

  1. *** ***** ********* ************* analysis ****** **** ** the ****** ** ***** on *** **** *** version ****** ** **** source ******** ** ******** known ***************, ***** *** lead ** ***** ********* on ******** *******;
  2. *** **** ******* ** the *************** ** **** open ****** ********** ********* in *** ****** ** not ******** **** *** firmware, ** *** **** related ** *** *************** in **** **** ****** components ********* ** ******** in *** ********, *** in **** ****, *** corresponding ********** ******* *** not ****;
  3. ***** **** *************** *** discovered ** **** ****** software, ****** **** ******* will ***** ** ******** to *** *** ***************. However, ** ***** ** fix *** *************** ** soon ** ********, ****** vendors ***** *********** *** source **** ** *** patched *************** ** ***** the *******, *** *** open ****** ******** ******* number **** ** *** product ******** ** ***** the ******** ****** ** the *** *******.

*** *** ***** *******, Hikvision *** ********* ****** security ************ ** *** open ****** ********** *************** listed ** *** ******. Through ******* *** ***** methods ** ********** *** potential *****, ********* ******* that ***** *************** **** not ****** *** ******** of *** ******.

********* ***** ******* ******** very *********. ** ******** a ***** ****** ** third-party *** **** ****** software ****** *** ***** and ***** **** ** our ********. ****** *** process ** *** *** management, ** **** *********** the ****** ********** ************** and ************** ********** **** are ** ********** **** industry **** *********, ** ensure **** *** ******** third-party ******** ***** *** security ************ *** *** be *********** *** ******** managed.

*** *** ******** ******** of ********* ** *****-***** and **** ****** ******** security **********, ****** ***** to *** ***** **** of *** ********* ************* White ***** (********* ************* ***** ***** 2019 | ************* ***** Paper | *********).

Agree
Disagree
Informative: 1
Unhelpful
Funny

******* ** ******

Agree
Disagree
Informative
Unhelpful
Funny
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