Hikvision $6 Billion: Doubles Chinese Government Funding

By John Honovich, Published on Aug 18, 2016

Hikvision has announced a new $3+ billion line of credit, in addition to the previous $3+ billion one from December 2015.

This new one is from the Export-Import Bank of China (Exim). In this note, we examine Exim's central role within the Chinese government, how Exim funds various China government interests, including in Iran and Africa, and how Hikvision benefits from the government backing

China Exim Overview

Exim is, by their own admission, owned and run by the Chinese government as they declare on their about page:

The Export-Import Bank of China is a state bank solely owned by the Chinese government and under the direct leadership of the State Council.

Their goal is to help Chinese state owned manufacturers like Hikvision, as they note:

The Bank's main mandate is to facilitate the export and import of Chinese mechanical and electronic products

And as the official Chinese government website notes:

The China Exim Bank must play its role in stabilizing growth, restructuring, boosting exports and implementing the “going-out” strategy

The 'Going-out' strategy is important to understand Hikvision's fit here. The Chinese government had made it a priority to subsidize and underwrite the global expansion of their companies across the world.

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Bank Focus is Policy, Not Making Money

China Exim is a 'policy' bank, not a 'regular' commercial bank. It pursues the policies of the Chinese government.

Here are some examples:

Unlike a regular bank, making profits on loans is not the key factor of success for Exim. China Exim is one of three China policy banks, including the CDB who had already authorized ~$3 Billion USD to Hikvision in December 2015.

Quasi Subsidy for Hikvision

As a China economic expert noted to us:

Because they are a "policy" bank, they are not viewed as a profit center like ICBC or other commercial lenders. This essentially allows them to transfer the profits to their customers. It is a quasi subsidy.

Hikvision / Exim Agreement Overview

The official Chinese announcement [link no longer available] declares it a 'strategic cooperation announcement' between the Chinese government bank and the Chinese government owned company, Hikvision. The key financial component is providing a comprehensive line of credit up to 20 billion RMB (~$3 billion USD) to Hikvision over the next 5 years.

While the announcement lacks details, China Exim commonly provides concessional loans at below market rates and more lenient terms to support the policies they are backing.

Hikvision USA wrongly claims [link no longer available] that this deal is a "testament to the fact that the financial markets recognize Hikvision" but, given that China Exim is a key part of the Chinese government, what it really is, even more powerfully, an endorsement of the Chinese government in Hikvision's future expansion.

Chinese Government Benefits

Beyond the 'soft power' benefits that China desires and gets when its subsidiaries expand globally, the China government also generates hard currency from underwriting Hikvision exports, as a China economic expert noted to us:

They maybe incurring local currency losses on the subsidies but they get hard currency inflows.

Currency outflows are a major political and economic problem for the Chinese government (see China's Exodus of Capital) so driving Hikvision exports helps counteract that.

Hikvision Benefits / Industry Danger

Not only is the Chinese government giving massive money to help Hikvision's expansion, they are clearly signaling that Hikvision's global expansion is an important political goal for the country.

How they will use the new money and how much of it remains to be seen, but given their track record of aggressive price cuts and significant spending this indicates another wave of global expansion that many video surveillance companies are unlikely to survive.

Vote - Fair?

Is it fair that the Chinese government is funding billions to Hikvision?

19 reports cite this report:

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Hikvision Discontinuing Online Service on Dec 12, 2016
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Hikvision CEO Declares 'We Do Not Cut Rates" on Dec 02, 2016
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China "Unswerving Leadership Over State-Owned Enterprises" Like Hikvision on Oct 18, 2016
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Hikvision alleges that they receive no subsidies but their own financial...
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US Embassy Requires Hikvision Cameras on Aug 29, 2016
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Hikvision PRC Government Origin And Control on Aug 29, 2016
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Hikvision 20% Price Cut Twice In A Month on Aug 23, 2016
Days after celebrating the Chinese government's commitment of up to $3...
FLIR Expands Enterprise Distribution Through ADI on Aug 22, 2016
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Hikvision And The Chinese Government on Dec 07, 2015
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