H.265 IP Cameras Tested vs H.264

Author: Ethan Ace, Published on Jan 18, 2016

For more than 2 years, anticipation has been building for H.265 IP cameras. Finally, H.265 cameras are starting to ship from multiple manufacturers in North America.

The promise is ~50% bandwidth reduction which, if true, would be a huge saver for storage costs as well as making remote monitoring easier and large scale VSaaS more feasible. In the mean time, 'smart codecs' for H.264, have come out, which also offer significant bandwidth savings (e.g., see our Axis Zipstream test).

We tested H.265 cameras from Samsung and Vivotek to understand:

  • Bandwidth tradeoff / savings compared to current H.264 camera models widely used (e.g., IP Camera Bandwidth / Storage Shootout).
  • CPU Load tradeoffs vs H.264 for viewing
  • VMS support for H.265
  • Finally, H.265 vs Smart Codecs such as Axis Zipstream

We performed both technical stream analysis and image quality comparisons to understand quality and bandwidth tradeoffs.

******* **** * *****, ************ *** **** ******** *** *.*** ** *******. *******, H.265 ******* *** ******** ** **** **** ******** ************* ** North *******.

*** ******* ** ~**% ********* ********* *****, ** ****, ***** be * **** ***** *** ******* ***** ** **** ** making ****** ********** ****** *** ***** ***** ***** **** ********. In *** **** ****, '***** ******' *** *.***, **** **** out, ***** **** ***** *********** ********* ******* (*.*.,*** *** **** ********* ****).

** ****** *.*** ******* **** ******* *** ******* ** **********:

  • ********* ******** / ******* ******** ** ******* *.*** ****** ****** widely **** (*.*., ** ****** ********* / ******* ********).
  • *** **** ********* ** *.*** *** *******
  • *** ******* *** *.***
  • *******, *.*** ** ***** ****** **** ** **** *********

** ********* **** ********* ****** ******** *** ***** ******* *********** to ********** ******* *** ********* *********.

[***************]

Key ********

*** / ***, ***** *** *.*** ******* ******* ******* ** no ********* ******* ******** ** ****** / ******* *.*** *******. Worse, **** ********* (* ***** ***** *.*** **************) ********* ************* better **** *.***. ******* *********, *** ******* ***** *** ** very ******* *** ** *** **** * ***-******* ***** ** increase ** *** **** **** ***** *.***.

** ** *** *** ******* *** * ******** ** * tech **** *********, ***** *.*** ******* **** **** **** ** they *** **** ** ******* ******* *******. *******, **** ***** no **** ******** **** ******* ************ *.*** ** ******* *** have ******* ********** ** *** ******* *** *** ****.

Warning: *.*** **** *******

**** **** *.*** *********** ********** / ************* *** ****** **** the ***** (*.*., **** *.*** ******* ** *****'* *.*** *******), we ****** *** **** *** *.***. ** ** ***** **** early ** *** ********* *** *.*** ****, *** *******, *** of *** ******* **** / *********** *********, ********* ***** *** shipping ***** *.*** *** (*** ************* ** **** **** ****** tested **** *** ***** *********). ******* *** ************* ******** **** these *******, ** ** ******** / ****** **** ** *** next *** *****, *.*** **** ***** *********** ************ **** *** current ****** *********.

**** **** ******: *** ******* ****** ** ****** ** ***** 'original' *.*** ********. ******* ** *** ********* *** *.*** ******* that *** ******* ***** ****** (***** ********* ****: ***********) ***** they ***** ************* ******* *********. ** **** ** **** **** and **** **** ****** **** ******.

H.265 ****** ******** **********

** ******* *** *.*** ******* **** ***** *******, ** *********** *********. ******* ***********, **** ******** ******** ******** ************ *********** *** ******* (****** AVInaptic **** *** ******* *.***/****), **** * ********* ******* ** I/B/P ***** *********, ** **** ** *** ******* ** **** detailed ******** *********** *** **** *****. ***** **** **** ** were **** ** ******* *** ************ ****** ** *.*** *** H.264 ******* **** *** *** *******, ***** ** *** ******* below.

** ****** *** ****** ** ******* *** ** **** *****:


Samsung *.*** ***** / *******

*******'* ***-*****'* *** ********* ** ****** ********* **** ******** *.*** models, **** *** *** *******:

  • *****, **** *********, *** ******* ** ****** ** *.*** ******** profile ** *******, **** ******* **** *** **** ** *.***. However, **** **** *.*** *** *** ** *** ** *******, viewed ******** ** *** *** *********, **** **** ******* *******, nor *** ** ** **** *** ********* ** **. ** may ** ****** *** ******* ********* ** *******'* *********** ******.
  • ******, **** ****** ******** ** ****** ** *** *********** ** a ******** ***** **** ***** ***. **** ******* ****** ******** a *-** ***** ** *********** ******. ******* **** ******, ***** is ** *** ** ******** ******* ******* ******* *.*** *** H.264 ** * ******** ************.

** ******* ****** ******* ************* ** **** *****:

Vivotek *.*** ***** / *******

******* ** *******, *** **** ** *** ******* ******-**'* *** interface ** ********* **** ******** ******, ***** **** *** ******* for *.*** (****** ******* ******* *.*** *** ***** ** ***** settings) *** ***** ****** **. ******* ** **** *********, ***** ****** ** ****** * ***** ******** *** *********** adjusts *********** ** ****** ******* ***/** ***** ****. ** **** cover ***** ****** ** *********** ** **** ****** ** * separate ******.

**** **** ******* ******** ******* *** *** (**** ***** *********** level *** * ***) *** ***, ****** *******, ***** ******* direct ********** ** *.***/*.*** ** ******** ********.

** ******* ****** *** ******* *** ********* ** **** *****:

Compared ** *.*** ********** *******

** *** *****, *.*** ******** **** ******* ** ****** **** compared ** ******* *.*** ******. *** *******, *** ***** ***** shows *******'* *** ******-** (**** *.*** *** *.***) ******** ** Hikvision *** ****, **** *** ******* *** ** ~** ************. Vivotek's *.*** ****** *** ***** **** ********* *.*** **** ****** the ***, *** ****** **** **** **** *** ********* ** night. 

************ *** ******* ******* **** ***** ***** ~** *, ** this ** **** ***** *** ********* **, **** ** *** to ******. *****, *.*** ******** *** ****** **** *********** *.*** bitrates. **** **** **** *** ***** ********* *** ** ~*.*** vs. *******'* ***, *** ***** ***** *******, ********** ** *****.

Compared ** **** *********

*.*** *** *** **** ******* ********** **** ***** ***** ****** II ***** *****, ***** ****** * ***** ******** **** *-** seconds ********* ** ******, *** *********** ****** ************ ** ****** objects. **** **** ****** **, *** ******* ******'* ******* ******* was ***** **** **** *** **** ***** **** ********* *** to *** ******** (******* *** ***, ********* "****"). *******, ******* still ****** ************* ** *****, **** * **/*, ***** ********* remained ***, ***** *.* **/*. 

**** **** **** ********* ******* ***** *** ************ **** ***** measurements, ***** ** *** **** ****** **** ********* *** *********. 

**** **** ** **** ** **** *******'* ***** ****** ** performance ** **** ****** ** * ****** ******.

CPU **** *********

*** *** ******* ******* (~* **/* *** *****), *.*** ******** was ******** **** ********* ********* **** *.***, **** ** *** and **** *** ***. **** *** **** **** ******* **** a ****** ****** ** **** ** ******** ************ *******. ***** measurements **** ***** ******* ******* *****, ****** ****** ********* ****** ******* ******:

*******, **** ******** ****** ** ***** ** ****** ** *** H.265 *******, *** ***** ****** *************, **** *.*** **** **** ******** H.264 ********* ***** ** * **** *** ** **** ********* video ****. ***** ****** ****** ** ***** ********** ** ***********, ** client ******** ***** **** **** *** *.*** *** ** ****** view *.*** ********.

***** ** *** ****:

  • *** *** **: *** **** **** *.* ***, * ** ***, ********** ****** Graphics
  • **** *** **: ***** **** **** **** ** *.* ***, 16 ** ***, *** ******* ** **** ********

VMS *******

** ** ***********, *.*** ******* **** *****-***** ***** ** ****. We **** **** ** ********* *.*** **** ******* *** **** *** Vivotek *****. ****** *** ******* ***** ** *** *** ******** only *.***/***** *******. ******* ***** *** ****** *** *.*** *** live, *********, ******, ***., **** ** ***** *******, **** *****. 

********* *** ***** **** ****** ** **** *** ******* ** adding *******, *** ** ***** **** *****.

*******'* *** ***, ****, ******* *.*** ******* *** ********* ** their *** *******. *******'* *********/*** ******** ** *** ******* *.*** currently, *** ***** *********** ****** ******** **** ******* *** ***** clip *********.

Visual ***********

** ***** ***, ** *** ******* *********** ******* *.*** *** H.264 ***** ******* ************ ******. *** *******, **** ***** ***** the *** ****** **** ** **** (***** ***** *** **** size *******):

*.*** ** ** *** *****, *.*** ** *** ****, **** ~Q28 ** **** **********. ****** *********** *** *******, *** **** visible **** **** **********, ******* *.*** ******** ***** **% ***** than *.*** ** **** *****.

** **** *****, ** ***** *** *.*** ***** ******** (**** below) *** ******** ********* **** *.***, ****** *** ********* ******* are *****.

Future *******

** ****** *.*** *********** *** ****** ** ******* **** *** next *** *****, ****** ** ******* ** ** **** *** fast ** ********. ** *** ********, *.***, ********** **** *** broad ******* *** ***** *** ***********, ********* ** ** *** easy *** ***** ****** *** ****** ***********. ******, ** *** as***** *.***********, *.*** *** *** **** **** ***** *** **** ***** to **** (** **** ****).

Comments (15)

***, ******* **** **** ****. ******!

********, ******** * ********** *** *** ** ********* *.*** ** competitive *.***, *** ****** *****'* ******* *** **** **** ** all ***** *.*** *** * ***** ******* **** *** *.*** cameras ** *** **** *****.

*** ********, *** ******* ******* *.*** ******* *** **% **** than *** *.*** *******.

***** ** *** ****** ****** ****** ******** **** *.*** **** be ******, **** ******** * ***** ****** * ***** ** certainly ***** ** ******, ******* ** *** ****.

"*** ****** *****'* ******* *** **** **** ** *** ***** h.265 *** * ***** ******* **** *** *.*** ******* ** the **** *****."

**'* ***** ** *** *** ******. **** *****, ** ** not ********* ** ******* ** **** *** ****** ****** *** general ******** ** ******* *.*** ** '******' **** *.***.

"**** ******** * ***** ****** * ***** ** ********* ***** be ******, ******* ** *** ****."

***, ** *** *** ****** ** ** *****, *.*., ******-*****, **** *** *.*** ***** ** *********, ********* *** *** using * *** **** ******** *.***, *** *** **** ******** is *** * ********* *****, ***. ** ******, ***'* ***** probably ** **** ** **** ********* * '*******' *.*** ******.

*********** *****-** *****!

*** ******* ***** ******* *** * ***** ************ ** *** functional ****** (******* ******) *** ** ******* *****.

***** *** ***** *** ********* *** ********* *'** **** ********* about *** ******* *********** ** *.*** ** *.*** *******.

** * **** ****, ******* *** **** ********* ** **** available ** *******, * *** *********** *********** ********* *** *** ** * ** **** ** ******* which ** *****. ******* ********* ***'* **** *** ** ***** like * ***** ****. ***** *** *** ******* *** ******* information ***** **** *** *** ****** ****.

******! **** ****** **** *** ******* ******* ** *** ******* Smart ****** ** ******.

***** ***********, ****** *****. *** **** ****

*** ****** ****** ** *** ********? ***** **** ***** ********* over ** ****** ****, *** **** ** *** ******** *** hit *** ********** ***, *** * **** **** *** ******** us ******** ** ** ****** **** *.***

***** ** ** *** **. *.*** **. *.***

* **** *** ***** *** ** ****** ************ **** ***** adopting*****, ******* ** ** **** ** ***, **** *** **** like ** **** **** *** ****** ** ***** ** *** industry *** *** *********** ******.

* **'** *** ** * ***** **** ************ **** ** off ***** **** *** **** *******. ** *** ****, **** findings **** ** ***************** ***** * *** **** ** ***.* ** *** **** **** ******** **** *** **** ** measure ***** ********, *** ** **** **** ** ****** **** the ******** ** **** *******.

****** **** *******, ****** *****!

**** **** **** ***** ****** ***, * **** *** **** Dahua **'** ******* **** ****** ***** **, ** ********* **** smarter ******** ***** ****** **** **** **** **** ** ******

** * ****** ***** ** ***, *** ******* ******** *.*** Solution **** **** ******. ****** ******** ********** ***** ** **** more ***** **** ****** ******** *** *** ** * *** more ****. **** ***** * ******* **** ****.

** *** **** ******* ** ****** **** ******* ***** ****** cameras **** *********** ***** ******* *** ***** ** *** ***** looked **! ***** ***** * *** **** ** *** **** measure. :-)

**, ****'** **** ** * ******* ******* **** ****** ** heat ********* *** ****** **** *** *** **** ********...

*******, **** ******** ****** ** ***** ** ****** ** *** H.265 *******, *** ***** ****** *************, **** *.*** **** **** doubling *.*** ********* ***** ** * **** *** ** **** dedicated ***** ****.

**** *** ***** ******** ***** *.*** ********, *** ******** ***** h.265 ********?

**** ***** **** ********* ** ** **** **. ***** *** some ***** ******* **** *** ** ******** ***** *.***, ******* the ***-***, *** **** ****** ********.

** ***** ** *********** ** *** ** **** ***** ****** the *** ****. ********, ***** **** ******* ***** ***'* **** hardware ***** **** ********, * ***** **** *** ****-***** **** should ***** ** *** ******** ***** ******** ****.

** *** *** ********* ***** *** *** ****** *** ** is *** *.*** ********, ***** ** * **** ****'* **** around ** **** **** ***** ** ****** ** **** ***** & *****. **'* * ********* ********* ***** *** **** ****** ffmpeg *******.

****://*******.***********.***/*******/****-******-*********.*******/****-**

**** ** ** ****** ********, * **** ** *** ******** is **** ** ******* *** ***.

*****://***.*******.***/*/***************/****-***-**.***.***?**=*

*** *** *** **** **** ** **** **** **** ** a *** ****** *****:

** ******** *** ****** **** **** *******.
****://***.********.***/******/****/********

*** ******* ****** ** ***** *****, ****** ******* ***** ****** for ******** ***** ******** ** **** *** ****. ( ***** that *******! **** ** *.*** ** ******)
****://*****.*****.***/**********.***?*=******
*****://******.***/**********/**********/********

******* ** ** **** ******* *.*** *******. *** ******* **** PC ******** *********.
****://***.*******-********.***/****/****/**/**/*******-***-**-*****-*******-***-***-****-***-*****-*****-*********-***-**

**** ***** ****** *** ** **** ******** ** ******** **** ( *** )
*****://***.*******.***/

***** *** ********* ******* ***** **** ** ******** ********.
****://***.*********.***/********/****-*******

*** *** ****** ** **** **** ** ***** ******** ** replaced, **** ** ** **** **** **** ***** ****** *** I ******* *** **** **** ****** / ****** ** *.*** decoding ********* ** ***** *** **** *** ********* **** ****.

******: *** ******* ****** ** ****** ** ***** '********' *.*** offering. ******* ** *** ********* *** *.*** ******* **** *** include ***** ****** (***** ********* ****: ***********) ***** **** ***** significantly ******* *********. ** **** ** **** **** *** **** will ****** **** ******.

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