Dahua and Hikvision Products Illegally Sold To US Government GSA

By: Dan Gelinas and John Honovich, Published on May 06, 2019

Dahua and Hikvision products are being widely and illegally sold to the US government GSA. The sellers are falsely claiming these China products to be made in the USA and Switzerland, among others.

In response to IPVM's investigation, Dahua and Hikvision tell IPVM that they have not sold anything to the GSA and are sending cease and desist letters to 3rd party companies selling their products on the GSA.

Who is wrong here? Why are these products listed on the GSA? Inside this note, we examine the ongoing and growing problem.

We first examined this same phenomenon in 2017, when ~1,400 Hikvision products with false "Made in the USA" designations were discovered and called out by us to the GSA and its offending vendors. The products were subsequently removed.

China-Made Products Not Allowed On GSA

Furthermore, China-made products, like Dahua and Hikvision, are not allowed on the GSA. The Trade Agreements Act (TAA) (After 30 minutes of inactivity, GSA Advantage website pages time out and will need to be refreshed.) specifies that any products sold on the GSA must meet certain guidelines, including being manufactured or "substantially transformed" in a TAA-designated country. China is not on the list, but Mexico, Switzerland, and Taiwan are.

IPVM found Dahua and Hikvision products known to be manufactured in China listed variously as manufactured in the USA, Switzerland, Mexico, and Taiwan. An example of false US manufacturing for Hikvision is seen below (flag image added):

An example of a false Swiss origin for Dahua is below (flag image added):

Get Video Surveillance News In Your Inbox
Get Video Surveillance News In Your Inbox

The following shows a false Mexican origin for Hikvsion (flag image added):

The following shows an example of false Taiwanese manufacturer (flag image added):

Nearly 4,000 China-Made Products Available

Searching for "Hikvision" on the GSA Advantage site returns 1,600+ listings, as seen below:

Adding Dahua products to the list increases the quantity of available illegal and TAA-violating products to ~3,500 total products, as seen below:

IPVM did not perform a search for all known Dahua and Hikvision OEMs. See our directory of Dahua OEMs here and our directory of Hikvision OEMs here.

How Dahua and Hikvision responded

Dahua said that they did not manufacture anything in Switzerland and told IPVM that the place of manufacture of their products was always clearly marked and that they had issued cease and desist letters to offenders:

All our price lists outline very clearly where the product is manufactured. We have identified 4 dealers/integrators that are on the GSA schedule with Dahua product with POO that is incorrect. Our Legal Team will send out cease and desist letters to these organizations.

Dahua also said that none of the vendors selling Dahua on GSA were part of its 'All-Star' dealer program.

Hikvision said they were taking steps to correct the issue:

The listings were not made by authorized dealers or distributors. We are in the process of sending cease and desist letters to the companies which made the listings and we will also request GSA to delete them. We have contacted GSA previously and will do so again to make it clear that the majority of Hikvision’s products are made in China.

Hikvision also said that "the majority of Hikvision's products are made in China," with a small amount made in "manufacturing facilities in both India and Brazil." It is IPVM's understanding that 99% of all Hikvision products are manufactured in China.

Vendors Selling Dahua and Hikvision Via GSA

The largest Vendor selling Dahua is Document Imaging Dimensions. They have ~800 Dahua products. The full list of vendors selling Dahua can be found here.

The largest vendor selling Hikvision on the GSA is International Commerce & Marketing. They hold over 1,100 Hikvision products. The full list of vendors selling Hikvision can be found here.

Our previous reporting (Hikvision False 'Made In USA', Sold to US Government), made clear that it is the responsibility of vendors on the GSA to "ensure that product information is accurately ... displayed on GSA Advantage." The GSA's Vendor Support Center page spells out the requirement:

It is the responsibility of each Schedule vendor to ensure that product information is accurately incorporated into the contract and displayed on GSA Advantage!® throughout the life of the contract.

Emails to the top Dahua and Hikvision vendors on GSA were not returned.

How The GSA Responded

The GSA told IPVM during a call that we would need to send an email expressing our concerns to the general customer service email gsa.advantage@gsa.gov and they would forward the email on to management for attention.

The GSA has not responded to our email.

Selling Dahua And Hikvision To The Government Will Be illegal

On August 13th, 2019, selling Dahua and Hikvision on the GSA will not only be a violation of the TAA, but will also be illegal according to the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) (see our coverage of the passage of the NDAA here) signed into law in 2018. The language of the NDAA makes clear that procurement of Dahua or Hikvision by US Government agencies will be illegal:

Furthermore, the US Government is in the process of writing 2 Federal Acquisition Regulations (FARs) implementing an effective blacklist on companies that sell Hikvision and Dahua at all. Such companies will be precluded from selling to the US Government.

Outlook

Based on our current and earlier interactions with the GSA, they are poor at handling this sort of self-monitoring and subsequent policing of their own policies.

It is surprising that vendors would try to fool the public on the place of manufacture for Hikvision, for example, given how widely publicized the Chinese-State-owned company's public perception battle is (see our coverage of where Hikvision's troubles have been publicized here).

We expect the offending items to be removed shortly, however, it will be interesting to see if and how soon they will be added back.

We will update this story when/if more information is received.

Poll:

Comments (16) : PRO Members only. Login. or Join.

Related Reports

NJ Law Requires Apprenticeship For Public Works Integrators on May 24, 2019
Few integrators do a formal apprenticeship program. However, now a NJ law is requiring any integrator on public works projects (such as state...
Dahua USA Celebrates 5 Years of Errors on May 22, 2019
Dahua USA is, in their own words, 'celebrating' 5 years in North America or as trade magazine SSN declared: Dahua Technology finds success in...
US Considers Sanctions Against Hikvision and Dahua on May 22, 2019
The US government is considering blacklisting "up to 5" PRC surveillance firms, including Hikvision and Dahua, Bloomberg reported, with human...
Trump Signs 'Huawei Ban' - Executive Order Targeting Foreign Adversary Technology on May 16, 2019
US President Donald Trump has signed an executive order targeting technology provided by 'foreign adversaries', in what is widely being called a...
China PRC Government New National Video Surveillance Standards on May 14, 2019
The People's Republic of China (PRC) government has released a new set of overarching standards for authorities to follow when they install video...
Bluecherry Open Sources Entire VMS on May 13, 2019
Bluecherry announced they have "released the entire Bluecherry software application open source with a GPL license". We spoke to Bluecherry's...
Vivotek Talks About Taiwan, China, Bans, AI And Business Development on May 10, 2019
Vivotek, Taiwan's biggest manufacturer by revenue, did not have a booth at Taiwan's Secutech 2019 (which we are covering). However,...
10 Facial Recognition Providers Review (Secutech) on May 09, 2019
Adding to our 19 Facial Recognition Providers Profiled report from ISC West, IPVM focused on facial recognition technology for our Day 2 coverage...
Secutech Taipei 2019 Show Report, Impacted By Expected Hikua Ban on May 08, 2019
IPVM is in Taipei attending SecuTech 2019: The most significant new development at the show is Dahua and Hikvision pulling out after many years...
ADT's Top Dealer "The Defenders" Sued 20+ Times on May 07, 2019
ADT's largest authorized dealer, The Defenders, has been sued more than 20 times since 2012, IPVM has verified through analyzing legal...

Most Recent Industry Reports

Kidnapping Victim Rescued With Video From Ring Doorbell Camera on May 24, 2019
A kidnapping victim was rescued within 24 hours, with the police crediting video from a Ring Doorbell camera as key to solving the case. A girl was...
NJ Law Requires Apprenticeship For Public Works Integrators on May 24, 2019
Few integrators do a formal apprenticeship program. However, now a NJ law is requiring any integrator on public works projects (such as state...
Security / Privacy Journalist Sam Pfeifle Interview on May 24, 2019
Sam Pfeifle is best known as the outspoken former Editor of Security Systems News. After that, he was publications director at the International...
Verkada Video Quality Problems Tested on May 23, 2019
Verkada suffers from numerous video quality problems, not found in commercial IP cameras, new IPVM testing of Verkada vs Axis and Hikvision...
Average Frame Rate Video Surveillance 2019 on May 23, 2019
What is the average frame rated used in video surveillance systems? In IPVM's 2011 statistics, the average was 6-8fps increasing to ~10fps in...
Dahua USA Celebrates 5 Years of Errors on May 22, 2019
Dahua USA is, in their own words, 'celebrating' 5 years in North America or as trade magazine SSN declared: Dahua Technology finds success in...
Access Control Job Walk Guide on May 22, 2019
Significant money can be saved and problems avoided with an access control job walk if you know what to look for and what to ask. By inviting...
ASCMA / Monitronics Declares Chapter 11 Bankruptcy Plan on May 22, 2019
Monitronics is entering into Chapter 11 bankruptcy. The company, also called Ascent Capital Group Inc., aka ASCMA, aka Brinks Home Security,...
US Considers Sanctions Against Hikvision and Dahua on May 22, 2019
The US government is considering blacklisting "up to 5" PRC surveillance firms, including Hikvision and Dahua, Bloomberg reported, with human...
Axis ~$150 Outdoor Camera Tested on May 21, 2019
Axis has released the latest in their Companion camera line, the outdoor Companion Dome Mini LE, a 1080p integrated IR model aiming to compete with...

The world's leading video surveillance information source, IPVM provides the best reporting, testing and training for 10,000+ members globally. Dedicated to independent and objective information, we uniquely refuse any and all advertisements, sponsorship and consulting from manufacturers.

About | FAQ | Contact