Fire Video Analytic IP Camera (Fike SigniFire)

By: Brian Rhodes, Published on Mar 11, 2012

Fire and smoke detection can be a challenge in large, open buildings. Smoke can stratify, dissipate quickly and can drift a long way from the source in large buildings before traditional sensors are tripped into an alarm state. Video fire and smoke detection is positioned as a superior alternative.

One offering, the Fike SigniFire IP camera [link no longer available], has a different design approach to detection than traditional photoelectric or heat sensors. The SigniFire uses a visual image to determine the presence of smoke or fire. In this note, we look at this camera and competitively compare it to other fire detection solutions.

Overview

The SigniFire [link no longer available] is a box format, indoor-rated camera equipped with the following:

  • 640 x 480 (NTSC) resolution with MJPEG compression only
  • Smoke, fire, and motion detection analytics built on-board.
  • Two factory lensing options: 2.8mm (82 degree Field of View) or 8.0mm (34 degree Field of View) fixed focal lenses
  • 10 lux minimum illumination
  • Terminal block outputs for Fire Alarm system loop
  • BNC connector out
  • [UPDATED 2013] VMS integration:  Fike says their SigniFire camera feeds can be viewed by and alarms passed to third party VMSes via ONVIF by their FSM-IP NVR. Their NVR can also import ONVIF feeds from third party VMS's and run their fire/smoke/motion analytics on them. However, the SigniFire cameras are not ONVIF conformant, but the NVR is, which is strange, adds cost and complexity.

Here is an image of the camera:

Claimed Minimum Detection Performance: 

  • Fire: 1 foot fire plume at 100 ft
  • Smoke: plume verification at 100 ft

Pricing for the SigniFire is $3,000 USD list price per camera including lens.

The video below is an example of Fike's visual detection system in use:

Advantages

The biggest advantage of this product is the multipurpose ability to detect both smoke or fire at distance in a single unit. Traditional detectors need to be hung close (within 30') to an ignition or smoke source in order to alarm, while video detection is able to alert to a fire even when the camera is hung a considerable (100 ft) distance away. The detection analytics are contained on board the camera, and the unit can be integrated into most fire alarm systems via the included dry contact outputs. While the camera has SD resolution that may result in poor surveillance quality, this resolution provides a very precise method of determining when and where smoke or fire has occurred compared to nonvisual sensors. For large, open facilities like warehouses, stadiums, hangars, or industrial plants, the video detection technology permits earlier alerting of an alarming condition than traditional sensor technology.

Get Notified of Video Surveillance Breaking News
Get Notified of Video Surveillance Breaking News

Drawbacks

A number of drawbacks exist:

  • The list price of $3,000 USD per single camera is significantly more than traditional photoelectric smoke detectors selling for around $150 USD.
  • It may be used with 3rd party VMS but only via Fike's own NVR.
  • Multiple cheaper detectors can be installed for the single price of a SigniFire camera.
  • This technology is not intended to replace a traditional fire alarm system. We consider this a prudent restriction, due to the redundancy and fail detection that a traditional multi-sensored zoned detection system possess over a single point of failure in a camera.
  • The SigniFire camera is only UL listed as a fire detection device when used with Fike's alarm panels. The output relay in the camera is connected to a fire alarm addressable module in the following manner:

          

Alternatives

The pairing of fire and smoke detection with cameras is not uncommon, but other options have marked differences. Products like Vumii's EyeSec FD are considerably more expensive and intended for long-range outdoor applications only. Several products, including those from DTEC, are appliance (DVR) based analytics intended to be used with new or existing analog cameras. Because the analytics are sold in groups of channels, the overall cost per detection channel might be lower but the total acquisition cost is higher.  

Other analytic products, like InnoSys [link no longer available] and ASL Vision, commonly only address a portion of the total equipment solution  and rely on quality of the associated camera for effectiveness. When implementing a system like the above, the performance of the system is greatly affected by the quality of the camera it is associated with. The integration of an alarm event into a fire panel remains a problem solved by purchasing the analytics installed onboard additional hardware modules.

Comments : Members only. Login. or Join.

Related Reports

Directory of 152 "Fever" Camera Suppliers on Jun 17, 2020
This directory provides a list of "Fever" scanning thermal camera providers to help you see and research what options are available. There are...
FLIR A Series Temperature Screening Cameras Tested on Jun 04, 2020
FLIR is one of the biggest names in thermal and one of the most conservative. While rivals have marketed fever detection, FLIR has stuck to EST...
Hikvision Fever Screening Thermal Solutions Examined on Apr 13, 2020
Hikvision is marketing "safer, faster, smarter" with their Fever Screening Thermal Solutions, (renamed last week to Temperature Screening Series),...
USA ICI Elevated Skin Temperature Detectors Examined on Apr 06, 2020
Infrared Cameras, Inc. (ICI) is aiming to help slow the spread of COVID-19 with "pinpoint accurate skin temperature measurement" using their...
FDA Gives Guidance on 'Coronavirus' Thermal Fever Detection Systems on Mar 30, 2020
The US FDA has given IPVM guidance on the use of thermal fever detection systems being marketed for coronavirus, as an explosion of such devices...
Cable Firestopping Installation Guide on Mar 06, 2019
Installing cables through firewalls is a critical installation issue. Failing to properly seal a penetration can cause smoke and fire to spread,...
Amazon Rekognition Facial Detection Tested on Dec 03, 2018
Amazon's Rekognition service has announced improvements, that if accurate, would be a significant advance over conventional facial detection. In...
Video Analytics Integration Guide on Aug 16, 2018
Video analytics is hot again (at least conceptually) but integrating video analytics with VMSes can be challenging. This is especially significant...
Sony Next Gen HD Dome Camera Tested (SNC-EM642R) on Aug 18, 2017
Sony has released their latest generation, claiming improved WDR and low light, increased IR range, and more. We tested the SNC-EM642R outdoor IR...
Blink XT Outdoor Totally Wireless Camera Tested on May 11, 2017
Running wires for cameras outdoors is one of the biggest challenges, especially for consumer or DIY installs. Now, Blink has released an outdoor...

Most Recent Industry Reports

Access Control Online Show - July 2020 - With 40+ Manufacturers - Register Now on Jul 01, 2020
IPVM is excited to announce our July 2020 Access Control Show. With 40+ companies presenting across 4 days, this is a unique opportunity to hear...
Hanwha Face Mask Detection Tested on Jul 01, 2020
Face mask detection or, more specifically lack-of-face-mask detection, is an expanding offering in the midst of coronavirus. Hanwha in partnership...
UK Government Says Fever Cameras "Unsuitable" on Jul 01, 2020
The UK government's medical device regulator, MHRA, told IPVM that fever-seeking thermal cameras are "unsuitable for this purpose" and recommends...
Camera Course Summer 2020 on Jun 30, 2020
This is the only independent surveillance camera course, based on in-depth product and technology testing. Lots of manufacturer training...
Worst Over But Integrators Still Dealing With Coronavirus Problems (June Statistics) on Jun 30, 2020
While numbers of integrators very impacted by Coronavirus continue to drop, most are still moderately dealing with the pandemic's problems, June...
FLIR Screen-EST Screening Software Tested on Jun 30, 2020
In our FLIR A Series Test, the cameras' biggest drawback was their lack of face detection, requiring manual adjustment when screening each...
Dahua Buenos Aires Bus Screening Violates IEC Standards and Dahua's Own Instructions on Jun 30, 2020
Dahua has promoted Buenos Aires bus deployments as "solutions that facilitate community safety". However, they violate IEC standards and,...
UK Firm Markets False Fever Screening, Hikvision Disavows on Jun 30, 2020
A UK security firm falsely claimed its Hikvision-based thermal solution could be used for "accurately detecting fever in any person", even claiming...
Industry Study: 83% of US Temperature Screening Sellers Falsely Say Not Medical Devices on Jun 29, 2020
83% of US companies selling temperature screening devices, aka 'fever' detectors, claim they are not medical devices, contrary to FDA definition,...
Manufacturers on Virtual 'ISC West' 2020 and Potential ISC West 2021 on Jun 29, 2020
With the 2020 ISC West show now officially canceled, attention turns to Reed's new "ISC West 2020 Virtual Event" planned for October and for the...